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Forensic Sci Int ; 148(1): 55-9, 2005 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15607590


In the poisonous incident case occurred in Japan, clarification of the identity between seized poisons and retrieved from crime scene is strictly required from the court. In this case, arsenous acid was used as a poisonous material and, seized one from suspect's house was only twenty particles. The synchrotron X-ray fluorescence spectrometry by comparing the intensity ratios of L(alpha) line of four heavy metal, such as Bi, Sn, Sb, Se to K(beta) line of As was performed to overcome this problem. In this paper, the evaluation of this new method using 13 authentic arsenous acid samples, 4 of 13 were refined by Chinese method, 7 of 13 were refined by Japanese method (Sumitomo mining Co. Ltd. method), 2 of 13 were refined by German and Swiss method. As a result, by the comparison of the ratios of these four elements to As, these 13 samples were clearly classified to three products classes produced by different refining methods.

Anal Sci ; 19(3): 415-8, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12675351


Trace impurities in lead-tin solders were determined using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) for the forensic discrimination of solder samples from different origins by a comparison of the concentration for each element. After about 10 mg of sample was accurately measured and taken into a glass tube, 1 ml of HNO3 was added. The tube was capped and heated at 80 degrees C for 10 min. After cooling to the room temperature, 1 ml of HCl and 2 ml of purified water were added. It was then agitated until the sample was completely dissolved, followed by dilution to 10 ml. Five elements (Sb, Bi, Cu, As and Ag) in this solution were determined by ICP-AES. The observed values for these elements in the NIST Standard Reference Material 1131 showed good agreement with the certified ones. Eighteen kinds of solder samples could be distinguished from each other, since all of the pairs among these samples provided remarkable difference in the concentration of the trace elements. The copper concentration should have been excluded from the comparison when it increased after melting by a soldering iron made of copper.