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1.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3359, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785566

RESUMO

Objective to map the current knowledge on recommendations for labor, childbirth, and newborn (NB) care in the context of the novel coronavirus. Method scoping review of papers identified in databases, repositories, and reference lists of papers included in the study. Two researchers independently read the papers' full texts, extracted and analyzed data, and synthesized content. Results 19 papers were included, the content of which was synthesized and organized into two conceptual categories: 1) Recommendations concerning childbirth with three subcategories - Indications to anticipate delivery, Route of delivery, and Preparation of the staff and birth room, and 2) Recommendations concerning postpartum care with four categories - Breastfeeding, NB care, Hospital discharge, and Care provided to NB at home. Conclusion prevent the transmission of the virus in the pregnancy-postpartum cycle, assess whether there is a need to interrupt pregnancies, decrease the circulation of people, avoid skin-to-skin contact and water births, prefer epidural over general anesthesia, keep mothers who tested positive or are symptomatic isolated from NB, and encourage breastfeeding. Future studies are needed to address directed pushing, instrumental delivery, delayed umbilical cord clamping, and bathing NB immediately after birth.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias , Parto
2.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3348, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to map the production of knowledge regarding recommendations for providing care to pregnant women dealing with the novel coronavirus. METHOD: scoping review, using a broadened strategy to search databases and repositories, as well as the reference lists in the sources used. Data were collected and analyzed by two independent reviewers. Data were analyzed and synthesized in the form of a narrative. RESULTS: the final sample was composed of 24 records, the content of which was synthesized in these conceptual categories: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, working pregnant women, vaccine development, complications, prenatal care, vertical transmission, and placental transmissibility. It is recommended to confirm pregnancy and disease early on, to use technological resources for screening and providing guidance and support to pregnant women. CONCLUSION: recommendations emphasize isolation, proper rest, sleep, nutrition, hydration, medications, and in the more severe cases, oxygen support, monitoring of vital signs, emotional support, and multiprofessional and individualized care. Medications should be used with caution due to a lack of evidence. Future research is needed to analyze the impact of the infection at the beginning of pregnancy and the psychological aspects of pregnant women infected with the virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/terapia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Conhecimento , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3348, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-623141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to map the production of knowledge regarding recommendations for providing care to pregnant women dealing with the novel coronavirus. METHOD: scoping review, using a broadened strategy to search databases and repositories, as well as the reference lists in the sources used. Data were collected and analyzed by two independent reviewers. Data were analyzed and synthesized in the form of a narrative. RESULTS: the final sample was composed of 24 records, the content of which was synthesized in these conceptual categories: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, working pregnant women, vaccine development, complications, prenatal care, vertical transmission, and placental transmissibility. It is recommended to confirm pregnancy and disease early on, to use technological resources for screening and providing guidance and support to pregnant women. CONCLUSION: recommendations emphasize isolation, proper rest, sleep, nutrition, hydration, medications, and in the more severe cases, oxygen support, monitoring of vital signs, emotional support, and multiprofessional and individualized care. Medications should be used with caution due to a lack of evidence. Future research is needed to analyze the impact of the infection at the beginning of pregnancy and the psychological aspects of pregnant women infected with the virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/terapia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Conhecimento , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1103347

RESUMO

Objective to map the production of knowledge regarding recommendations for providing care to pregnant women dealing with the novel coronavirus. Method scoping review, using a broadened strategy to search databases and repositories, as well as the reference lists in the sources used. Data were collected and analyzed by two independent reviewers. Data were analyzed and synthesized in the form of a narrative. Results the final sample was composed of 24 records, the content of which was synthesized in these conceptual categories: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, working pregnant women, vaccine development, complications, prenatal care, vertical transmission, and placental transmissibility. It is recommended to confirm pregnancy and disease early on, to use technological resources for screening and providing guidance and support to pregnant women. Conclusion recommendations emphasize isolation, proper rest, sleep, nutrition, hydration, medications, and in the more severe cases, oxygen support, monitoring of vital signs, emotional support, and multiprofessional and individualized care. Medications should be used with caution due to a lack of evidence. Future research is needed to analyze the impact of the infection at the beginning of pregnancy and the psychological aspects of pregnant women infected with the virus.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Pneumonia Viral , Enfermagem Materno-Infantil , Infecções por Coronavirus , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Betacoronavirus
5.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 32(3): 350-357, Mai.-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1010804

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Identificar na literatura nacional e internacional, estudos sobre a eficácia de métodos não farmacológicos na redução da dor do parto. Métodos Revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PUBMED, SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS e BDENF, com recorte temporal entre os anos de 2013 a 2018, em português, inglês e espanhol. Utilizado a metodologia PICo para construir a pergunta de pesquisa e selecionar descritores controlados e não controlados, que foram combinados com os operadores booleanos "AND", "OR" e "NOT". Resultados Foram selecionados 19 artigos. Dentre os métodos não farmacológicos encontrados, destacam-se: a acupuntura e suas principais variações (acupressão e auriculoterapia) (29,17%), hidroterapia (25%), exercícios perineais com a bola suíça (16,67%), terapias térmicas (8,33%) e os demais métodos (20,83%). Conclusão A acupuntura e a acupressão agem tanto sobre aspectos fisiológicos da dor como sobre sua subjetividade. O banho quente de aspersão, a musicoterapia, a aromaterapia e as técnicas de respiração promovem o relaxamento e a diminuição dos níveis de ansiedade. As terapias térmicas contribuem para a analgesia local de regiões afetadas pela dor. Os exercícios na bola suíça são importantes para reduzir a dor e adotar a posição vertical, importante na progressão do trabalho de parto.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar en la literatura nacional e internacional estudios sobre la eficacia de métodos no farmacológicos para reducir el dolor de parto. Métodos Revisión integradora realizada en las bases de datos MEDLINE/PUBMED, SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS y BDENF, con un recorte temporal entre los años 2013 y 2018, en portugués, inglés y español. Se utilizó la metodología PICO para elaborar la pregunta de investigación y seleccionar descriptores controlados y no controlados, que fueron combinados con los operadores booleanos "AND", "OR" y "NOT". Resultado Se seleccionaron 19 artículos. Entre los métodos no farmacológicos encontrados, se destacan: la acupuntura y sus principales variantes (acupresión y auriculoterapia) (29,17%), hidroterapia (25%), ejercicios perineales con pelota suiza (16,67%), terapias térmicas (8,33%) y demás métodos (20,83%). Conclusión La acupuntura y la acupresión actúan tanto sobre aspectos fisiológicos del dolor, como sobre su subjetividad. La ducha caliente, la musicoterapia, la aromaterapia y las técnicas de respiración promueven la relajación y la reducción de los niveles de ansiedad. Las terapias térmicas contribuyen como analgésico local en regiones afectadas por el dolor. Los ejercicios con pelota suiza son importantes para reducir el dolor y adoptar la posición vertical, importante en la progresión del trabajo de parto.


Abstract Objective To identify studies on the efficacy of non-pharmacological methods in reducing labor pain in the national and international literature. Methods Integrative review in the MEDLINE/PUBMED, SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS, and BDENF databases, limiting to studies published between 2013 and 2018, in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. The PICo methodology was used to build the research question and select the controlled and uncontrolled descriptors, which were combined with the "AND", "OR," and "NOT" Boolean operators. Results A total of 19 articles were selected. The non-pharmacological methods found were: acupuncture and its core variations (acupressure and auriculotherapy) (29.17%), hydrotherapy (25%), perineal exercises with the Swiss ball (16.67%), thermal therapies (8.33%), and other methods (20.83%). Conclusion Acupuncture and acupressure worked on both physiological aspects of pain and the subjective nature of pain. The warm bath, music therapy, aromatherapy, and breathing techniques promoted relaxation and decreased the levels of anxiety. Thermal therapies contributed to local analgesia in regions affected by pain. Exercises with the Swiss ball were important for pain relief, and the vertical position was important for labor.

6.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(5): 2570-2578, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify in the literature studies on mobile technologies in Nursing. METHOD: Integrative literature review in which was used the Population, Interest and Context (PICo) strategy, the tool of the National Library of Medicine for formulation of the research question, and search without a determined period of time in the following bibliographic databases: Medical Literature and Retrieval System onLine/PubMed®), Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Nursing Database (BDENF). Data collection period was from January to March 2017. RESULTS: Fifteen articles were selected, in which were addressed mobile technologies in Nursing for nurses, undergraduate students and patients. CONCLUSION: Mobile technologies in Nursing are a recent theme and enable care data sharing, experience acquisition by undergraduate students and patient empowerment.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis/tendências , Informática em Enfermagem/métodos , Unidades Hospitalares/tendências , Humanos , Informática em Enfermagem/instrumentação , Participação do Paciente
7.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(5): 2570-2578, Sep.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-958720

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify in the literature studies on mobile technologies in Nursing. Method: Integrative literature review in which was used the Population, Interest and Context (PICo) strategy, the tool of the National Library of Medicine for formulation of the research question, and search without a determined period of time in the following bibliographic databases: Medical Literature and Retrieval System onLine/PubMed®), Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Nursing Database (BDENF). Data collection period was from January to March 2017. Results: Fifteen articles were selected, in which were addressed mobile technologies in Nursing for nurses, undergraduate students and patients. Conclusion: Mobile technologies in Nursing are a recent theme and enable care data sharing, experience acquisition by undergraduate students and patient empowerment.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura estudios sobre tecnologías móviles en el área de Enfermería. Método: Revisión de la literatura en que se utilizó la estrategia Población, Interés y Contexto (PICo), herramienta de la National Library of Medicine para la formulación de la cuestión de la investigación y la búsqueda sin recorte temporal en las siguientes bases de datos bibliográficos: Medical Literature and Retrieval System onLine (MEDLINE/PubMed®), Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS) y Base de Datos en Enfermería (BDENF). El período de la recolección de datos fue de enero a marzo de 2017. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 15 artículos, que abordaron tecnologías móviles en el área de Enfermería para enfermeros, estudiantes y pacientes. Conclusión: Las tecnologías móviles en el área de Enfermería son tema reciente y posibilitan compartir datos en la asistencia, adquisición de experiencia por estudiantes y empoderamiento del paciente.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar na literatura estudos sobre tecnologias móveis na área de enfermagem. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizando a estratégia População, Interesse e Contexto (PICo), ferramenta da National Library of Medicine para formulação da questão de pesquisa e busca sem recorte temporal nas bases de dados bibliográficas: Medical Literature and Retrieval System onLine (MEDLINE/PubMed®), Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF). A coleta de dados ocorreu no período de janeiro a março de 2017. Resultados: Foram selecionados 15 artigos, que abordaram tecnologias móveis na área da enfermagem para enfermeiros, graduandos e pacientes. Conclusão: As tecnologias móveis na área da enfermagem são tema recente e possibilitam compartilhamento de dados na assistência, aquisição de experiência por graduandos e empoderamento do paciente.

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