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Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066163


We investigate the interaction of hemin with four fragments of prion protein (PrP) containing from one to four histidines (PrP106-114, PrP95-114, PrP84-114, PrP76-114) for its potential relevance to prion diseases and possibly traumatic brain injury. The binding properties of hemin-PrP complexes have been evaluated by UV-visible spectrophotometric titration. PrP peptides form a 1:1 adduct with hemin with affinity that increases with the number of histidines and length of the peptide; the following log K1 binding constants have been calculated: 6.48 for PrP76-114, 6.1 for PrP84-114, 4.80 for PrP95-114, whereas for PrP106-114, the interaction is too weak to allow a reliable binding constant calculation. These constants are similar to that of amyloid-ß (Aß) for hemin, and similarly to hemin-Aß, PrP peptides tend to form a six-coordinated low-spin complex. However, the concomitant aggregation of PrP induced by hemin prevents calculation of the K2 binding constant. The turbidimetry analysis of [hemin-PrP76-114] shows that, once aggregated, this complex is scarcely soluble and undergoes precipitation. Finally, a detailed study of the peroxidase-like activity of [hemin-(PrP)] shows a moderate increase of the reactivity with respect to free hemin, but considering the activity over long time, as for neurodegenerative pathologies, it might contribute to neuronal oxidative stress.

Hemina/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Proteínas Priônicas/química , Sítios de Ligação , Oxirredução , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Polimerização , Ligação Proteica