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1.
Lancet ; 390(10102): 1585-1594, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28755782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous bisphosphonate treatment attenuates the bone-forming effect of teriparatide. We compared the effects of 12 months of romosozumab (AMG 785), a sclerostin monoclonal antibody, versus teriparatide on bone mineral density (BMD) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis transitioning from bisphosphonate therapy. METHODS: This randomised, phase 3, open-label, active-controlled study was done at 46 sites in North America, Latin America, and Europe. We enrolled women (aged ≥55 to ≤90 years) with postmenopausal osteoporosis who had taken an oral bisphosphonate for at least 3 years before screening and alendronate the year before screening; an areal BMD T score of -2·5 or lower at the total hip, femoral neck, or lumbar spine; and a history of fracture. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) via an interactive voice response system to receive subcutaneous romosozumab (210 mg once monthly) or subcutaneous teriparatide (20 µg once daily). The primary endpoint was percentage change from baseline in areal BMD by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at the total hip through month 12 (mean of months 6 and 12), which used a linear mixed effects model for repeated measures and represented the mean treatment effect at months 6 and 12. All randomised patients with a baseline measurement and at least one post-baseline measurement were included in the efficacy analysis. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01796301. FINDINGS: Between Jan 31, 2013, and April 29, 2014, 436 patients were randomly assigned to romosozumab (n=218) or teriparatide (n=218). 206 patients in the romosozumab group and 209 in the teriparatide group were included in the primary efficacy analysis. Through 12 months, the mean percentage change from baseline in total hip areal BMD was 2·6% (95% CI 2·2 to 3·0) in the romosozumab group and -0·6% (-1·0 to -0·2) in the teriparatide group; difference 3·2% (95% CI 2·7 to 3·8; p<0·0001). The frequency of adverse events was generally balanced between treatment groups. The most frequently reported adverse events were nasopharyngitis (28 [13%] of 218 in the romosozumab group vs 22 [10%] of 214 in the teriparatide group), hypercalcaemia (two [<1%] vs 22 [10%]), and arthralgia (22 [10%] vs 13 [6%]). Serious adverse events were reported in 17 (8%) patients on romosozumab and in 23 (11%) on teriparatide; none were judged treatment related. There were six (3%) patients in the romosozumab group compared with 12 (6%) in the teriparatide group with adverse events leading to investigational product withdrawal. INTERPRETATION: Transition to a bone-forming agent is common practice in patients treated with bisphosphonates, such as those who fracture while on therapy. In such patients, romosozumab led to gains in hip BMD that were not observed with teriparatide. These data could inform clinical decisions for patients at high risk of fracture. FUNDING: Amgen, Astellas, and UCB Pharma.

2.
Curr Osteoporos Rep ; 9(1): 12-9, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21132405

RESUMO

Denosumab is the first fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the formation, function, and survival of osteoclasts by blocking the interaction of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) ligand with its osteoclastic receptor RANK. Clinical studies have shown that the decreased bone resorption and increased bone mineral density resulting from the use of denosumab 60 mg twice yearly entail significant risk reduction of vertebral, hip, and nonvertebral fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, with an acceptable rate of side effects so far. Following its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency, a number of clinical trials with denosumab are ongoing to demonstrate its value for other indications and to further characterize its effects on immunomodulation. Denosumab offers a new choice for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in patients at high risk for fracture.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Denosumab , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 2(3): 447-57, 2006 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19803916

RESUMO

Osteoporosis-related fractures are a major public health problem worldwide. Antiresorptive drugs, which work principally by suppressing bone resorption, are the established therapeutic approach for the prevention of fragility fractures in patients with osteoporosis. Parathyroid hormone and its analogs represent a new class of agents with anabolic effects on the skeleton. The results of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials have shown that both the full length, 84 amino acid parathyroid hormone and teriparatide, the parathyroid hormone fragment (1-34) increase bone mineral density and reduce the risk of fracture when administered intermittently to postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Therefore, these drugs should be considered an alternative therapy in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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