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1.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creatinine is distributed between the intracellular and extracellular compartments, and as a result, the measurement of its concentration is strongly related to the fluid status of the patient. An interest has been shown in correcting measured serum creatinine levels according to the fluid balance in order to better specify the degree of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 33 children, aged 0 to 5 years, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit for acute respiratory distress syndrome treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. We compared measured and corrected creatinine and assessed the degree of agreement between these values using both Cohen's kappa and Krippendorff's alpha coefficient. RESULTS: In our cohort, 37% of the classifications made according to measured creatinine levels were erroneous and, in the majority of cases, the degree of AKI was underestimated. CONCLUSION: Correction of the measured creatinine value according to the degree of fluid overload may result in more accurate diagnosis of AKI. Graphical abstract A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.

2.
Membranes (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799847

RESUMO

The high mortality of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) is partly related to fluid overload. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used to treat pediatric patients with severe PARDS, but can result in acute kidney injury (AKI) and worsening fluid overload. The objective of this study was to determine whether the addition of CRRT to ECMO in patients with PARDS is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective 7-year study of patients with PARDS requiring ECMO and divided them into those requiring CRRT and those not requiring CRRT. We calculated severity of illness scores, the amount of blood products administered to both groups, and determined the impact of CRRT on mortality and morbidity. RESULTS: We found no significant difference in severity of illness scores except the vasoactive inotropic score (VIS, 45 ± 71 vs. 139 ± 251, p = 0.042), which was significantly elevated during the initiation and the first three days of ECMO. CRRT was associated with an increase in the use of blood products and noradrenaline (p < 0.01) without changing ECMO duration, length of PICU stay or mortality. CONCLUSION: The addition of CRRT to ECMO is associated with a greater consumption of blood products but no increase in mortality.

3.
Blood Purif ; 50(2): 174-179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Correcting hyponatremia too quickly can lead to osmotic demyelination syndrome. During citrate dialysis, a significant sodium load is brought to the prefilter. We reviewed the impact of this sodium load on the evolution of sodium levels in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy with citrate anticoagulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 5 patients with hyponatremia who received dialysis with citrate anticoagulation, over a 10-year period, were reviewed. The sodium of the dialysate and of the reinjection fluid was adapted according to the serum sodium level recommended by the guidelines of the time. Data from the first 24 h after initiation of dialysis was evaluated. RESULTS: The difference in serum sodium levels between day 1 and day 2 was statistically significant, with a rise of 7.8 ± 3.7 mmol/L. DISCUSSION: The mean serum sodium increase in our series of patients did not exceed the increase of 10-12 mEq/L/day permitted by the guidelines. The excess sodium was absorbed by the filter. CONCLUSION: In this small series of patients, with adjustment of the sodium concentration of dialysate and reinjection fluid, the use of citrate was found to be safe.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Cítrico/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua/métodos , Hiponatremia/terapia , Sódio/sangue , Idoso , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Soluções para Diálise/análise , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hiponatremia/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sódio/análise
5.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 17(1): 594, 2017 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28835247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The South African Triage Scale (SATS) was developed to facilitate patient triage in emergency departments (EDs) and is used by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in low-resource environments. The aim was to determine if SATS data, reason for admission, and patient age can be used to develop and validate a model predicting the in-hospital risk of death in emergency surgical centers and to compare the model's discriminative power with that of the four SATS categories alone. METHODS: We used data from a cohort hospitalized at the Nap Kenbe Surgical Hospital in Haiti from January 2013 to June 2015. We based our analysis on a multivariate logistic regression of the probability of death. Age cutoff, reason for admission categorized into nine groups according to MSF classifications, and SATS triage category (red, orange, yellow, and green) were used as candidate parameters for the analysis of factors associated with mortality. Stepwise backward elimination was performed for the selection of risk factors with retention of predictors with P < 0.05, and bootstrapping was used for internal validation. The likelihood ratio test was used to compare the combined and restricted models. These models were also applied to data from a cohort of patients from the Kunduz Trauma Center, Afghanistan, to validate mortality prediction in an external trauma patients population. RESULTS: A total of 7618 consecutive hospitalized patients from the Nap Kenbe Hospital were analyzed. Variables independently associated with in-hospital mortality were age > 45 and < = 65 years (odds ratio, 2.04), age > 65 years (odds ratio, 5.15) and the red (odds ratio, 65.08), orange (odds ratio, 3.5), and non-trauma (odds ratio, 3.15) categories. The combined model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.8723 and an AUROC corrected for optimism of 0.8601. The AUROC of the model run on the external data-set was 0.8340. The likelihood ratio test was highly significant in favor of the combined model for both the original and external data-sets. CONCLUSIONS: SATS category, patient age, and reason for admission can be used to predict in-hospital mortality. This predictive model had good discriminative ability to identify ED patients at a high risk of death and performed better than the SATS alone.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Centros de Traumatologia , Triagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Afeganistão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Haiti , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Triagem/normas , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 11(1): 67, 2016 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27079663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witnesses may be challenging during the operation and postoperative period given their refusal of blood products. The aim of this study was to document our center's experience with Jehovah's Witnesses undergoing major cardiac surgery and to compare surgical outcomes with a matched control group. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the demographic, perioperative, and in-hospital postoperative data for 31 Jehovah's Witness patients undergoing surgery from 1991 to 2012 and compared findings with a control group of 62 patients of the same sex and age, who underwent the same type of operations in the same period. Early mortality, major in-hospital morbidity, laboratory findings, and hospital stays were compared between groups. RESULTS: Demographic data were similar between groups, except that more patients in the Jehovah's Witness group had extracardiac arteriopathy compared with controls (p = 0.04). There was no difference in predicted mortality, calculated by the Euroscore II, between groups (2.8 ± 3.3 in study group versus 2.4 ± 2.2 in control group, p = 0.469). For postoperative outcomes, there were no differences between Jehovah's Witnesses versus controls in hospital mortality (3 % versus 2 %, p = 0.548), total drain loss (847 ± 583 mL versus 812 ± 365 mL, p = 0.721), mechanical ventilation time (1.26 ± 2.24 versus 0.89 ± 0.55 days, p = 0.218), intensive care unit stay (4.3 ± 3.9 versus 3 ± 1.4 days, p = 0.080), and hospital stay (12.9 ± 7.6 versus 10.9 ± 6.6 days, p = 0.223). CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes after cardiac surgery are similar between Jehovah's Witnesses and general population, in centers applying rigorous blood patient management protocols.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Testemunhas de Jeová , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etnologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26262222

RESUMO

We have previously developed a Patient Data Management System for Intensive Care based on Open Source Software. The aim of this work was to adapt this software to use in Emergency Departments in low resource environments. The new software includes facilities for utilization of the South African Triage Scale and prediction of mortality based on independent predictive factors derived from data from the Tabarre Emergency Trauma Center in Port au Prince, Haiti.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Software , Cuidados Críticos , Tomada de Decisões Assistida por Computador , Haiti , Humanos , Triagem/métodos
9.
Cardiol Young ; 21(1): 39-45, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20923595

RESUMO

The number of adults with congenital cardiac disease continues to increase, and adult patients are now more numerous than paediatric patients. We sought to identify risk factors for perioperative death and report our results with surgical management of adult patients with congenital cardiac disease. We retrospectively analysed in-hospital data for 244 consecutive adult patients who underwent surgical treatment of congenital cardiac disease in our centre between January, 1998 and December, 2007. The mean patient age was 27.2 plus or minus 11.9 years, 29% were in functional class III or IV, and 25% were cyanosed. Of the patients, half were operated on for the first time. A total of 61% of patients underwent curative operations, 36% a reoperation after curative treatment, and 3% a palliative operation. Overall mortality was 4.9%. Predictive factors for hospital death were functional class, cyanosis, non-sinus rhythm, a history of only palliative previous operation(s), and an indication for palliative treatment. Functional class, cyanosis, type of initial congenital cardiac disease (single ventricle and double-outlet right ventricle), and only palliative previous operation were risk factors for prolonged intensive care stay (more than 48 hours). The surgical management of adult patients with congenital cardiac disease has improved during recent decades. These generally young patients, with a complex pathology, today present a low post-operative morbidity and mortality. Patients having undergone palliative surgery and reaching adulthood without curative treatment present with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Univentricular hearts and double-outlet right ventricles were associated with the highest morbidity.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Adulto , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Hepatogastroenterology ; 56(96): 1615-21, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20214204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: septic shock is the most severe systemic inflammatory response to infection. Septic shock is associated with organ dysfunction and with major circulatory failure. The aim of this work is to study the impact of septic shock in digestive surgery. This is a retrospective study. METHODOLOGY: Between January 2001 and March 2008, we selected patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit who underwent digestive surgery and who developed septic shock during the same hospitalization were selected: 89 patients were enrolled in this group which included 53 men and 36 women (sex ratio M/W 1.47), and the age average was 71.5 years. They were divided into two subgroups: preoperative septic shock (62/89) and postoperative (27/89). The majority of septic shock occurred in patients who developed an inflammatory disease and an organ perforation. Esophagogastric surgery generates the most postoperative septic shock. RESULTS: The overall mortality was 54%. The most frequent complications were digestive and pulmonary. The germ most frequently encountered is Escherichia coli. The majority of patients received a combination of two or three antibiotics. The empirical antibiotic therapy most frequently administered was a combination of piperacillin/ tazobactam and amikacin. DISCUSSION: The results observed in the present study are, for the most part, in agreement with those found in the literature. However, the question of the most effective antibiotic therapy remains open. CONCLUSION: In digestive surgery, septic shock is pathology with significant mortality (54%). The germ most frequently responsible is Escherichia coli. The most frequently administered empirical antibiotic therapy is a combination of amikacin and piperacillin.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Choque Séptico/microbiologia
11.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 141: 139-45, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18953134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Intensive Care Units, the amount of data to be processed for patients care, the turn over of the patients, the necessity for reliability and for review processes indicate the use of Patient Data Management Systems (PDMS) and electronic health records (EHR). To respond to the needs of an Intensive Care Unit and not to be locked with proprietary software, we developed a PDMS and EHR based on open source software and components. METHODS: The software was designed as a client-server architecture running on the Linux operating system and powered by the PostgreSQL data base system. The client software was developed in C using GTK interface library. The application offers to the users the following functions: medical notes captures, observations and treatments, nursing charts with administration of medications, scoring systems for classification, and possibilities to encode medical activities for billing processes. RESULTS: Since his deployment in February 2004, the PDMS was used to care more than three thousands patients with the expected software reliability and facilitated data management and review processes. Communications with other medical software were not developed from the start, and are realized by the use of the Mirth HL7 communication engine. Further upgrade of the system will include multi-platform support, use of typed language with static analysis, and configurable interface. CONCLUSION: The developed system based on open source software components was able to respond to the medical needs of the local ICU environment. The use of OSS for development allowed us to customize the software to the preexisting organization and contributed to the acceptability of the whole system.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Gerenciamento de Base de Dados/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Sistemas Computadorizados de Registros Médicos/organização & administração , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente , Interface Usuário-Computador
12.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 88(2): 282-8, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18689362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipolysis of a fish oil (FO) emulsion is much slower than that of a soybean [long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT)] emulsion; in contrast, emulsions containing medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) are efficiently hydrolyzed by lipoprotein lipase. OBJECTIVES: We questioned whether incorporating 10% FO in a mixed MCT-LCT emulsion would affect plasma triacylglycerol clearance and provide efficient delivery of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to cells and tissues. DESIGN: This prospective crossover study was conducted in 8 normolipidemic subjects with the use of the hypertriglyceridemic clamp model and compared plasma triacylglycerol clearance of a lipid emulsion (5:4:1) made of 50% MCT, 40% LCT, and 10% FO (wt:wt:wt) to a control (5:5) preparation with 50% MCT and 50% LCT. Subjects were daily infused for 5 h, over 4 consecutive days. Fatty acyl pattern was daily measured in plasma phospholipids as well as in leukocyte and platelet phospholipids. RESULTS: Inclusion of 10% FO in mixed emulsion particles enhanced plasma clearance of infused triacylglycerols (18%; P < 0.0001). The faster elimination of the 5:4:1 emulsion appears related to an enhanced uptake of remnant particles rather than to faster intravascular lipolysis. Each infusion of 5:4:1 raised the eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n-3) concentration in blood cell phospholipids to reach a 7-fold enrichment in platelets and a >2-fold enrichment in leukocytes after 4 infusions. In contrast, the docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n-3) concentration remained unchanged in blood cell phospholipids. CONCLUSIONS: Infusion of a mixed emulsion with MCTs, soy LCTs, and FO is associated with efficient plasma triacylglycerol clearance and results in rapid incorporation of C20:5n-3 but not C22:6n-3 in leukocyte and platelet phospholipids.


Assuntos
Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/metabolismo , Emulsões Gordurosas Intravenosas , Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/farmacocinética , Adulto , Plaquetas/química , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Estudos Cross-Over , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Emulsões Gordurosas Intravenosas/química , Humanos , Leucócitos/química , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Taxa de Depuração Metabólica , Nutrição Parenteral , Fosfolipídeos/química , Estudos Prospectivos , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
13.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 111(7): 2192-9; discussion 2200-2, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12794459

RESUMO

Since 1989, superior pedicle vertical scar mammaplasty as described by Lejour has been used in the authors' department as the only technique for breast reduction. From 1991 through 1994, a series of 170 consecutive patients (330 breasts) underwent an operation. In these patients, minor complications were observed in 30 percent of the patients and major complications in 15 percent. Surgical revision for scar or volume corrections was necessary in 28 percent of the breasts, which seemed unacceptable. Therefore, the original technique was modified by decreasing the skin undermining and avoiding liposuction in the breast. Primary skin excision was performed in the submammary fold at the end of the operation if the skin could not be puckered adequately. This modified technique was used from 1996 through 1999 in 138 consecutive patients (227 breasts). In the second series, minor complications were observed in 15 percent of the patients and major complications in 5 percent. However, the technical modifications did not significantly change the rate of secondary scar and volume corrections, which were still necessary in 22 percent of the breasts. In large breasts, the addition of a horizontal scar at the end of the operation did not change the rate of secondary revision, which however compares favorably with the figures obtained with the inverted T, superior pedicle mammaplasty.


Assuntos
Cicatriz/etiologia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Lipectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura
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