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1.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034430

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) expression has association with tumor malignancy. In thyroid cancers, FGFR4 has been reported to be characteristically expressed in aggressive thyroid tumors, such as anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC). METHODS: We investigated FGFR4 expression in patients with ATC and analyzed their clinical responses to lenvatinib. Primary tumor samples were obtained from 12 patients with ATC who underwent surgery or core needle biopsy. FGFR4 protein expression in all ATC samples was analyzed via immunohistochemistry, and the treatment efficacy of lenvatinib was evaluated. RESULTS: The proportion of FGFR4-positive cells in the samples ranged from 0 to 50%. Four patients had partial responses, and three patients had stable diseases as a best clinical response to lenvatinib. The median PFS durations of patients with none, weak, and moderate intensity were 0.5, 3.2 (95% CI 1.1-not estimable [NE]), and 4.6 (95% CI 1.1-NE) months, respectively (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Because FGFR4 was expressed in ATC tissues, the FGFR4 expression might be associated with the treatment efficacy of lenvatinib in a part of ATC patients. To clarify whether FGFR4 can serve as a prognostic or predictive factor for lenvatinib therapy, more cases must be accumulated.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 1087-1093, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term outcomes of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer were fully evaluated in patients older than 75 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study selected patients who received esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Patients were divided into non-elderly patients [age <75 years (non-elderly group)] and elderly patients [age ≥75 years (elderly group)]. The postoperative surgical morbidity, postoperative 30-days mortality, recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were evaluated between the non-elderly group and elderly group. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients were evaluated in this study. Ninety-eight patients and 24 patients were classified into the non-elderly group and elderly group, respectively. The postoperative surgical complication rates in the non-elderly and elderly groups were 71.4% and 75.0%. There was not a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.710). Mortality was observed in 1 patient in the elderly group (4.2%) due to cardiovascular disease. Significant differences were observed in the five-year OS and RFS rates of the elderly and non-elderly groups (55.4% vs. 29.7%, p=0.0017 and 42.2% vs. 21.2%, p=0.0334, respectively). CONCLUSION: Although the rate of postoperative surgical complications after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was almost equal in the elderly and the non-elderly patients, significant differences were observed in the mortality and long-term outcomes of the two groups. Thus, the surgical strategy and perioperative care must be carefully planned for esophageal cancer patients older than 75 years of age.

3.
Oncol Res Treat ; : 1-7, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic values of the preoperative modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) alone and combined in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) planning to receive curative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 130 elderly patients (aged ≥80 years) with CRC who received curative surgery between 2008 and 2016. The preoperative mGPS and CEA levels were calculated. RESULTS: Elevated preoperative mGPS or CEA level was significantly associated with shorter relapse-free survival (p = 0.005, both) and cancer-specific survival (p = 0.011 and p < 0.001, respectively). Combined use of these two factors improved the predictive accuracy for tumor recurrence relative to that of either factor. CONCLUSION: Both mGPS and CEA were independent prognostic factors of CRC in elderly patients receiving curative surgery, but their combination was more accurate.

4.
World J Surg ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery for gastric cancer should be performed as soon as possible after diagnosis. However, sometimes the waiting time for surgery tends to be longer. The relation between the waiting time for surgery and survival in patients with gastric cancer remains to be fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center cohort study evaluated patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery from 2006 through 2012 at Kanagawa Cancer Center in Japan. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. The waiting time for surgery was defined as the time between the first visit and surgery. We investigated whether the waiting time for surgery has a linear negative impact on outcomes by using a Cox regression model with clinical prognostic factors. RESULTS: In total, 801 patients were eligible. The median waiting time was 45 days (range 10-269 days). The restricted cubic spline regression curve showed that the adjusted time-specific hazard ratios of waiting times did not indicate a linear negative trend on survival between 20 and 100 days (p = 0.759). In the Cox model with a quartile of waiting times, waiting times in the 32-44-day group, 43-62-day group, and ≥63 day groups were not associated with poorer overall survival as compared with the ≤31 day group (HR: 1.01, 95% CI 0.63-1.60, p = 0.984, HR: 1.17, 95% CI 0.70-1.94, p = 0.550, HR: 1.06, 95% CI 0.60-1.88, p = 0.831, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was no negative relation between the waiting time for surgery (within 100 days) and survival in patients with gastric cancer.

5.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 405-412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer through an analysis of the clinical, surgical and pathological data and through identifying which of these prognostic factors are associated with survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2798 patients who had undergone excision of the primary lesion and 122 patients with type IV gastric cancer undergoing curative resection (R0 or 1) at Yokohama City University Hospital and Kanagawa Cancer Center between November 1995 and May 2016. RESULTS: Borrmann type IV gastric cancer had more advanced and unfavorable clinicopathological factors compared to other types. The 5-year overall survival rate was 28%, and the median survival was 21.8 months. The overall survival rate was influenced by the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal lavage cytology (CY), stage and intraoperative blood loss. Of these, independent prognostic factors were intraoperative blood loss (<400 vs. ≥400 ml, risk ratio 1.64; p=0.045) and CY (0 vs. 1, risk ratio 2.25; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The control of intraoperative bleeding had a positive impact on the survival of patients receiving curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 443-449, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical influence of anastomotic leak (AL) on esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into those with AL and those without. The risk factors for overall (OS) and recurrence-free (RFS) survival were identified. RESULTS: AL was found in 44 out of the 122 patients (36.1%). The respective OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 43.9% and 40.2% in the AL group and 63.9% and 53.2% in the non-AL group, which were significantly different (p=0.0049). In contrast, the respective RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 44.8% and 29.8%, and 44.9% and 42.4%, which were not significantly different (p=0.2306). A multivariate analysis showed that AL was a significant independent risk factor for both poorer OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. CONCLUSION: To improve survival of patients with esophageal cancer, the surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy must be carefully planned in order to prevent AL.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 50(2): 198-205, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917421

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AE-IP) is a lethal complication after lung surgery. We conducted a prospective, multi-institutional phase II trial to assess the efficacy and safety of prophylactic measures. METHOD: Patients with lung cancer with dorsal subpleural fibrotic changes occupying three or more segments of both lower lobes and planned anatomical lung resection were enrolled. Prior to surgery, patients received a 125-mg bolus injection of methylprednisolone and continuous intravenous infusion of sivelestat sodium hydrate (sivelestat) for 2 days. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients were analysed. Preoperative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) showed 37 (53.6%) cases presented with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and possible UIP pattern. There were 60 lobectomies and 9 segmentectomies. Thirty-eight cases were in clinical stage I. No adverse events associated with prophylaxis were observed. There were four cases of AE-IP (5.8%), higher than the expected 2.0%. Three of the four cases showed inconsistencies with the UIP pattern in preoperative HRCT and were pathologically diagnosed as UIP. All patients died of respiratory failure. Overall, 89.9% were diagnosed as idiopathic interstitial pneumonias; UIP was found in 48 patients (69.6%). Severe post-operative complications occurred in 11.6% of the cases. There were 35 deaths, 17 cases of lung cancer and 11 cases related to interstitial pneumonias. The overall survival rate at 3 years was 41.8% of the total and 47.2% of cases with clinical stage I. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative use of sivelestat and low-dose methylprednisolone in patients with anatomical lung resection was safe but did not prove to be a prophylactic effect for AE-IP.

8.
Surg Endosc ; 34(1): 429-435, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy is becoming more commonly performed, but acquisition of its technique remains challenging. We investigated whether laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LDG) performed by trainees (TR) supervised by a technically qualified experienced surgeon (QS) is feasible and safe. METHODS: The short-term outcomes of LDG were assessed in patients with gastric cancer between 2008 and 2018. We compared patients who underwent LDG performed by qualified experienced surgeons (QS group) with patients who underwent LDG performed by the trainees (TR group). RESULTS: The operation time was longer in the TR group than in the QS group (median time: 270 min vs. 239 min, p < 0.001). The median duration of the postoperative hospital stay was 9 days in the QS group and 8 days in the TR group (p = 0.003). The incidence of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Grade 2 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (12.9%) in the QS group and 47 patients (11.7%) in the TR group (p = 0.763). Grade 3 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 9 patients (6.4%) in the QS group and 17 patients (4.2%) in the TR group (p = 0.357). Multivariate analysis showed that the American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status was an independent predictor of grade 2 or higher postoperative complications and that gender was an independent predictor of grade 3 or higher postoperative complications. The main operator (TR/QS) was not an independent predictor of complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy performed by trainees supervised by an experienced surgeon is a feasible and safe procedure similar to that performed by experienced surgeons.

9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 75-86, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The enzymes gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) and folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) regulate intracellular folate concentrations needed for cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, and repair. High GGH expression affects 5-FU thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition and is a risk factor for various malignancies. Here, the clinical significance of GGH and FPGS expression was investigated in Stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: Surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa, obtained from 253 patients with previously untreated gastric cancer, were examined. GGH and FPGS mRNA expression was measured by qPCR to evaluate their clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer patients after curative resection. RESULTS: While FPGS expression showed no significant differences between the cancerous and normal samples, GGH expression was higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH expression was correlated with age, histological type, and vascular invasion. Overall survival (OS) of patients with high GGH mRNA expression was significantly poorer than of patients with low GGH expression. Multivariate analysis showed that high GGH expression was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR: 2.58, 95% CI 1.29-5.16). Patients who received S-1 adjuvant treatment showed a significantly poor OS between high GGH/low FPGS and low GGH/high FPGS. Patients without adjuvant treatment showed no significant difference. CONCLUSION: GGH expression was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH and low FPGS expression is a useful independent predictor of poor outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Peptídeo Sintases/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/enzimologia , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Peptídeo Sintases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/genética
11.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 347-353, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The C-reactive protein (CRP)-to-serum albumin ratio is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with several cancers. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the preoperative CRP/Alb ratio and overall survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in patients who received radical surgery and S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 117 patients who underwent radical surgery with S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. We constructed receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) of the CRP/Alb ratio to determine the cut-off value. We analyzed the relationship among the CRP/Alb ratio, clinicopathological status, and survival. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of the CRP/Alb ratio was 0.036. All patients were divided into a high-ratio group (CRP/Alb ratio ≥0.036) and low-ratio group (CRP/Alb ratio <0.036). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates in the high- and low-ratio groups were 22.5% and 36.4%, respectively (p=0.0089). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates in the high- and low-ratio groups were 12.5% and 22.1%, respectively (p=0.0097). The univariate and multivariate analyses of the OS showed that the pathological N factor and CRP/Alb ratio were independent factors of the survival. The univariate and multivariate analyses of the RFS showed that the pathological N factor, resection margin, and CRP/Alb ratio were independent factors of the survival. CONCLUSION: The preoperative CRP/Alb ratio is a strong prognostic factor for PDAC patients with undergo curative resection with S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy.

12.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 461-467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a soluble proteoglycan which has important role in various biological events. We investigated the impact of the ESM-1 expression in cancer tissues on outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ESM-1 mRNA expression in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 253 patients was measured. The associations between the ESM-1 gene expression and the survival and clinicopathological features were investigated. RESULTS: A significant association was observed between high ESM-1 expression and undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. The overall survival curve was significantly lower in patients with high ESM-1 expression than in those with low expression (p=0.005). High ESM-1 expression was a significant independent prognosticator (HR=2.291, p=0.007). CONCLUSION: ESM-1 gene expression in cancerous tissues is an important prognosticator in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy.

13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6567-6573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The KIAA1199 gene has been associated with cancer-cell proliferation, but its functions remain poorly studied. Here, we examined the clinical significance of the KIAA1199 mRNA levels in locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods/Results: Using samples from 254 patients with stage II/III GC, we found significantly higher KIAA1199 levels in cancerous tissues compared to adjacent normal mucosa (ANM). There was no significant relationship between KIAA1199 expression and clinical features. Although overall survival rates (OSR) of patients, who underwent surgery did not correlate with KIAA1199 expression, patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and had high KIAA1199 levels displayed significantly lower OSR. KIAA1199 knock down (KIAA1199-KD) suppressed proliferation, invasiveness, and sensitivity of GC cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). CONCLUSION: KIAA1199 expression appears to be a promising prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC, who underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. KIAA1199 may represent a novel target for GC pharmacotherapy.


Assuntos
Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We retrospectively evaluated the blood coagulation activity using the D-dimer level in the early period after gastrectomy and investigated whether postoperative hypercoagulation affects tumor recurrence and long-term survival in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The study involved 650 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer at Kanagawa Cancer Center between July 2009 and July 2013. They were divided into a low-D-dimer group (LD group) and high-D-dimer group (HD group) according to the median D-dimer level on postoperative day (POD) 7. The risk factors for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: Of the 448 enrolled patients, 218 were classified into the LD group and 230 into the HD group. The 5-year OS rates after surgery were 90.8% and 81.3% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The 5-year RFS rates after surgery were 89.9% and 76.1% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). A high D-dimer level on POD 7 (≥ 4.9 µg/ml) was identified as an independent predictive factor for both the OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.955, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.158-3.303, p = 0.012) and RFS (HR 2.182, 95% CI 1.327-3.589, p = 0.002). Furthermore, hematological recurrence was significantly more frequent in the HD group than in the LD group (p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: A high D-dimer level on POD 7 may predict tumor recurrence and the long-term survival in patients who undergo gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Patients with an elevated postoperative D-dimer level need careful observation and diagnostic imaging to timely detect tumor recurrence.

15.
Endocrine ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865555

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among patients with various cancers receiving anticancer drugs, sarcopenia is associated with poor survival and treatment outcomes. We conducted an observational study using skeletal muscle index (SMI) evaluation to investigate the association between sarcopenia and treatment outcomes of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in metastatic thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: We included 54 patients (19 men, 35 women; age, 66.5 ± 10.9 years) with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) or medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The records of patients with metastatic DTC and MTC treated with TKIs were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups based on SMI. The SMI cutoff values for sarcopenia were 42 and 38 (cm2/m2) for males and females, respectively. Thirty-three patients had sarcopenia before TKI treatment. RESULTS: The sarcopenia group had more females and a lower body mass index. The median progression-free survival (PFS) durations were 13.6 (95% confidence interval (CI): 6.1-29.9) and 41.9 (95% CI: 25.2-not estimable) months in the sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups (p= 0.017), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that sarcopenia was significantly associated with PFS (p= 0.037). Sex, age, and performance status did not affect PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that sarcopenia was the only independent prognostic factor for PFS (hazard ratio: 2.488, 95% CI: 1.058-5.846, p= 0.037). CONCLUSIONS: Sarcopenia could be a predictive factor of TKI treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic thyroid cancer as well as intervention target to improve prognosis. Further prospective investigations are needed to confirm these preliminary data.

16.
J Cancer ; 10(22): 5527-5535, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632496

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the short- and long-term outcomes were affected by the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) in patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer. Methods: The patients were retrospectively selected from among the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with nodal dissection for gastric cancer at Yokohama City University and Kanagawa Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2015. Results: A total of 2254 patients were eligible for inclusion in the present study. One thousand six hundred fifty-six patients had an ACCI of <6 points (ACCI low group), while 598 had a score of ≥6 points (ACCI high group). The median age (p<0.001) and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) score (p<0.001) of the ACCI high group were higher in comparison to the ACCI low group. The incidence of surgical complications in the ACCI high group was significantly higher than that in the ACCI low group (12.0% vs. 7.2%, p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant risk factor for postoperative complications. In addition, the 5-year OS rates of the ACCI low and ACCI high groups were 85.4% and 74.1%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). The univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant prognostic factor for OS. Conclusions: Our results support that a high ACCI value is an independent risk factor for the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with gastric cancer. To improve the survival of patients with gastric cancer, it is necessary to carefully plan the perioperative care and the surgical strategy according to the ACCI.

17.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1626-1628, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631156

RESUMO

This is a case of a 76-year-old man who had no significant past medical or family history. In the current medical history, in November 2017, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a semicircular protruding lesion in the posterior wall of the gastric antrum, and gastric cancer was diagnosed following biopsy. Endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)was performed in the same year for the treatment of gastric cancer(cT1aN0M0). Pathological findings after ESD treatment showed invasion into the submucosa requiring non-curative resection. For this reason, laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy(D1 dissection)and Billroth Ⅰ reconstruction were performed as additional procedures in March 2018. The patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day and was followed-up on an outpatient basis. On the postoperative day 14, he was re-admitted with complaints of upper abdominal pain and exacerbation of inflammation. Medical treatment, such as antibiotic administration was followed, however, a high degree of inflammatory response, renal dysfunction, and occult blood in urine were observed. Because of suspicion of vasculitis-related nephritis, the case was diagnosed as anti-GBM antibody type rapid progressive nephritis. We came across a case of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis after laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy performed for early gastric cancer, and hence, We will review the related literature.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Lung Cancer ; 137: 144-148, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognostic significance of blood and lymphatic vessel invasion in the 8th edition of the Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) classification remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of blood and lymphatic vessel invasion in p-stage IA lung adenocarcinoma in the 8th edition of the TNM classification. MATERIALS ANDMETHODS: We retrospectively examined patients with p-Stage 0-IA lung adenocarcinoma, reclassified according to the 8th edition of the TNM classification. Blood and lymphatic vessel invasion were evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin and Elastica van Gieson and hematoxylin-eosin and anti-podoplanin antibody staining, respectively. Combined blood and lymphatic vessel invasion constituted tumor vessel invasion (TVI). RESULTS: Overall, 306 patients were evaluated. The median follow-up period was 98.0 (range: 10-216) months. The 5-year recurrence-free survival differed significantly among patients with and without TVI in p-stage IA1 (TVI-: 100%, TVI+: 88.9%, P = 0.007) and IA2 (TVI-: 94.6%, TVI+: 80.8%, P = 0.012) but not in p-stage IA3 (TVI-: 66.7%, TVI+: 75.0%, P = 0.598). The 5-year lung cancer-specific survival also differed significantly among those with and without TVI in p-stage IA1 (TVI-: 100%, TVI+: 88.9%, P < 0.001) and IA2 (TVI-: 98.2%, TVI+: 88.7%, P = 0.043) but not in p-Stage IA3 (TVI-: 66.7%, TVI+: 75.0%, P = 0.858). No recurrence and lung cancer-specific deaths occurred in p-stage IA1 patients without TVI. On multivariate analysis, the presence of TVI was independently associated with recurrence and lung cancer-specific death in patients with p-stage IA1-2 lung adenocarcinoma. TVI did not affect the prognosis of those with p-stage IA3 adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: TVI is a prognostic factor in patients with p-stage IA1-2 lung adenocarcinoma. P-stage IA1 lung adenocarcinoma without TVI may therefore be classified as minimally invasive.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600721

RESUMO

Summary: Anaplastic transformation of a primary thyroid tumor whose process can be followed is rare. The objective this study is to report a case of anaplastic transformation of locally advanced papillary thyroid carcinoma after treatment with lenvatinib. A 74-year-old woman consulted a local physician because of cough and bloody sputum. Thyroid cancer with tracheal invasion was suspected on computed tomography (CT) imaging, and she visited our hospital for treatment. We suspected anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and core needle biopsy was performed. Histologic sections of the core needle biopsy showed that the tumor formed a papillary structure, and we diagnosed papillary thyroid carcinoma. Surgery would have been difficult, and we initiated lenvatinib at a low dose of 8 mg/day. CT on day 40 of lenvatinib treatment revealed that the thyroid tumor had shrunk remarkably. CT on day 111 revealed that tumor regrowth and tracheal invasion had been exacerbated. Core needle biopsy was performed, and histologic sections of the core needle biopsy that was performed after regrowth of the tumor showed that individual cancer cells had large, irregular nuclei, and necrosis was also observed. The immunohistochemical findings were negative for thyroglobulin, and only a few cells were positive for thyroid transcription factor 1, and we diagnosed ATC. Anaplastic transformation of the target lesion may be one of the causes of lenvatinib treatment failure in differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Learning points: Anaplastic transformation of a primary thyroid tumor whose process can be followed is rare. The resistance mechanism of lenvatinib in treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinoma has not been clarified. Anaplastic transformation of the target lesion may be one of the causes of lenvatinib treatment failure in differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5715-5720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The PRKCI gene encodes Protein kinase C iota. The overexpression of protein kinase C iota is associated with poor outcomes in patients with gastric and other cancers, but the role of the PRKCI gene in gastric cancer is not fully understood. Thus, we evaluated the clinical significance of PRKCI gene expression in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRKCI mRNA expression levels in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 398 patients with gastric cancer were measured. Relationships between PRKCI gene expression and clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Overall survival was lower in patients with a high expression of PRKCI than in those with low expression (p=0.016). No other relationships were observed. A high PRKCI expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor (p=0.036, HR=1.44, 95%CI=1.02-2.02). CONCLUSION: PRKCI gene expression in cancerous tissue might be a useful prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica/genética , Isoenzimas/genética , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
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