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1.
Case Rep Gastroenterol ; 15(2): 562-567, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616257

RESUMO

There are few reports of conversion surgery (CS) after nivolumab monotherapy because it is considered as a third-line standard chemotherapy for unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer. Here, we report a rare case of stage IV gastric cancer effectively treated with CS after nivolumab monotherapy as a third-line chemotherapy. A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital with loss of appetite and abdominal discomfort. Stage IV gastric cancer with liver metastasis was diagnosed via upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and CT. Twelve courses of capecitabine, cisplatin, and trastuzumab were administered as the first-line treatment, 25 courses of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab as the second-line treatment, and 31 courses of nivolumab monotherapy as the third-line treatment. After 31 courses of nivolumab monotherapy, CT showed that the primary tumor shrank with no liver metastasis or ascites. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed with no peritoneal dissemination (P0), and the peritoneal lavage cytology was negative (CY0). CS was performed with total gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection (R0 resection). The pathological diagnosis was U, Ant-Less, Type 2, 70 × 63 mm, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (ypT3N0M0 ypStage IIA). R0 resection was performed, and the histological response was grade 1a. The patient did not show recurrence for 9 months after CS.

2.
Cancer Med ; 10(20): 7174-7183, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence and risk factors of severe anaphylaxis by intravenous anti-cancer drugs are unclear, whereas those of milder reactions have been reported. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical charts of cancer patients who have undergone intravenous chemotherapy between January 2013 and October 2020 in a university hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Non-epithelial malignancies were also included in the analysis. "Severe anaphylaxis" was judged using Brown's criteria: typical presentation of anaphylaxis and one or more of hypoxia, shock, and neurologic compromise. (UMIN000042887). RESULTS: Among 5584 patients (2964 males [53.1%], 2620 females [46.9%], median age 66 years), 88,200 person-day anti-cancer drug administrations were performed intravenously, and 27 severe anaphylaxes were observed. The causative drugs included carboplatin (14 cases), paclitaxel (9 cases), and cisplatin, docetaxel, trastuzumab, and cetuximab (1 case each). The person-based lifetime incidence of severe anaphylaxis for patients who received at least one intravenous chemotherapy was 0.48% (27/5584, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30%-0.67%) and the administration-based incidence was 0.031% (27/88,200, 95% CI 0.019%-0.043%). Among 124 patients who received at least 10 carboplatin administrations, 10 patients experienced carboplatin-induced severe anaphylaxis (10/124, 8.1%, 95% CI 3.0%-13.1%). Carboplatin caused severe anaphylaxis after at least 9-min interval since the drip started. Thirteen out of 14 patients experienced carboplatin-induced severe anaphylaxis within a 75-day interval from the previous treatment. Paclitaxel infusion caused severe anaphylaxis after a median of 5 min after the first drip of the day at a life-long incidence of 0.93% (9/968, 95% CI 0.27%-1.59%). CONCLUSION: We elucidated the high-risk settings of chemotherapy-induced severe anaphylaxis.

3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
4.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(4): 1075-1080, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528567

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the utility of the C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) for predicting the overall survival (OS) in locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Patients and Methods: This retrospective multicenter study was performed using data from a prospectively maintained database of pathological Stage II or III patients undergoing CRC surgery at the Yokohama City University, Department of Surgery, and its affiliated institutions between April 2000 and March 2016. The risk factors for the OS were identified. Results: A CAR of 0.03 was considered to be the optimal cutoff point for classification based on the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates and receiver operating characteristic curve. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 92.4% and 85.7% in the CAR-low group, respectively, and 86.7% and 81.1% in the CAR-high group. A multivariate analysis showed that the CAR was a significant independent risk factor for the OS. When comparing the patients' demographic and clinical characteristics between the CAR ≤0.03 and >0.03 groups, the incidence of patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and the incidence of postoperative complications were significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The present study showed that the preoperative CAR was a risk factor for the OS in patients who underwent surgery for CRC. To improve the patients' survival, CAR might be a useful tool for devising treatment strategies.

5.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2771-2777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are reported to associated with cancer metastasis, relapse, and chemoresistance. This study examined the clinical significance of the expression of two CSC markers, the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1) and the Delta-like 4 (DLL4) protein, in patients with locally advanced GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was performed using samples obtained from 413 pathological stage II/III GC patients after curative gastrectomy. We examined TAP1 and DLL4 expression using immunohistochemical analysis with tissue microarray and examined the association between TAP1 or DLL4 expression, clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: High TAP1 expression was associated with better overall survival compared to low TAP1 expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, in multivariate analysis, high TAP1 expression was defined as a predictive factor for good survival. There was no significant difference between DLL4 expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival. CONCLUSION: TAP1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Apresentação do Antígeno , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(7): 3979-3987, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422328

RESUMO

Background: Staple-line coverage is an effective method for prevention of postoperative recurrence of pneumothorax. However, the recurrence rate in young patients is still unsatisfactory using this method. Moreover, there is no consensus about the optimal material for use in this technique. To explore new material for this technique, we conducted this study to evaluate the safety of an absorbable topical collagen hemostat (INTEGRAN®) for staple-line coverage in pneumothorax surgery in young patients. Methods: A single-arm prospective interventional study was performed in 25 patients (age <25 years old) with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) who underwent wedge resection with staple-line coverage with INTEGRAN® between 2017 and 2020. The rate of material-related adverse events (defined as a body temperature ≥38 ℃ continuing for ≥2 days, postoperative WBC >18,000/mm3 and/or CRP >15 mg/dL, or acute empyema within 30 postoperative days) was defined as the primary endpoint. The 1-year postoperative rates of recurrence and of new bullae around the staple-line were also measured. Results: The median age was 19 years old. None of the patients had a body temperature ≥38 ℃ continuing for ≥2 days, extra-abnormal examination data, and acute empyema findings. At 1-year postoperatively, the recurrence rate was 12.0%, and the rate of new bullae around the staple-line was 16.7%. Conclusions: This study showed the safety of use of INTEGRAN® for staple-line coverage in pneumothorax surgery in young adults. The short-term recurrence rate was acceptable given the high-risk cohort examined in the study. A prospective randomized controlled study is needed for evaluation of the efficacy of INTEGRAN® for prevention of recurrence of PSP. Trial Registration: UMIN000026530 at UMIN Clinical Trials Registry.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3583-3588, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of PLA2G2A expression in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PLA2G2A expression levels in cancerous tissue specimens and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 134 patients with stage II/III GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, the associations of PLA2G2A expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: No association was observed between clinicopathological features and PLA2G2A expression levels. Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with high PLA2G2A expression levels (p=0.022). Multivariate analysis revealed that PLA2G2A expression was a significant, independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=0.136; 95% confidence interval=0.0185-0.992; p=0.049). CONCLUSION: PLA2G2A mRNA expression may serve as a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC who receive curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo II/metabolismo , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/patologia , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
9.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lymph node (LN) ratio (LNR) has been proposed as a sensitive prognosticator in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), especially when the number of LNs harvested is insufficient. We investigated the association between the LNR and survival in patients with locally advanced ESCC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and explored whether the LNR is a prognosticator in these patients when stratified by their response to NAC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 199 locally advanced ESCC patients who received curative resection after NAC between January 2011 and December 2019. The predictive accuracy of the adjusted X-tile cut-off values for LNR of 0 and 0.13 was compared with that in the Union for International Cancer Control pathological N (UICC pN) categories. The association between survival rate and clinicopathological features was examined. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis identified that the LNR was an independent risk factor for recurrence-free survival [RFS; hazard ratio (HR) 6.917, p < 0.001] and overall survival (OS) (HR 4.998, p < 0.001). Moreover, even when stratified by response to NAC, the LNR was a significant independent risk factor for RFS and OS (p < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curves identified that the prognostic accuracy of the LNR tended to be better than that of the UICC pN factor in all cases and responders. CONCLUSION: The LNR had a significant prognostic value in patients with locally advanced ESCC, including in those who received NAC.

10.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211025215, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178353

RESUMO

A 59-year-old man with no prior neurological deficits developed a massive stroke during the repair of a double-barreled acute type A aortic dissection with major entry in the ascending aorta and an occluded brachiocephalic artery. As right cerebral ischemia was alleviated by the circle of Willis, the patient was alert and conscious preoperatively. Nevertheless, the thrombus in the right carotid artery induced a severe postoperative right cerebral embolism. In conclusion, occlusion of the carotid artery is a risk factor of postoperative severe stroke, even in patients without neurological symptoms preoperatively.

11.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2341-2348, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study was designed to investigate gender-related differences in changes in bone metabolism after gastric cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited 47 patients (38 males and 9 females) who had early gastric cancer. The bone mineral density (BMD), serum levels of 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D (1,25(OH)2VD), 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)VD), and estradiol (E2) were measured before and after surgery. RESULTS: BMD significantly decreased 12 months after surgery by median degrees of 3.4% and 3.9% in male and female patients, respectively (p<0.001 and p=0.023). There was no significant difference between both genders in the rate of change in BMD after surgery. The serum E2 level in male patients significantly increased by a median value of 22 pg/ml 12 months after gastrectomy (p=0.030). Both the serum 25(OH)VD and 1,25(OH)2VD levels remained nearly within the normal range throughout the observation period in both male and female patients. CONCLUSION: BMD significantly decreased within 12 months after gastrectomy in both male and female patients with gastric cancer, and there was no significant gender-related difference in the rate of change in BMD.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Vitamina D
12.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2369-2377, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The changes of dietary intake (DI) after gastrectomy have not been objectively reported. It has not been clear how much DI loss is experienced after total gastrectomy (TG) in comparison to after distal gastrectomy (DG). This study quantified the changes of DI after gastrectomy, and clarified how much DI loss is experienced after TG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were enrolled. The DI loss was evaluated at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients underwent TG, and 117 patients underwent DG. The median %DI loss of the overall study population at 1 and 3 months after surgery was -9.3% and -3.6%. The median %DI loss at 1 and 3 months postoperatively was -15.6% and -5.3% in TG group, -8.9% and -3.3% in DG group (p=0.10 and 0.49, respectively). CONCLUSION: The patients experienced DI loss of approximately 10% at 1 month after gastrectomy. Patients who received TG tended to show a greater %DI loss at 1 month postoperatively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(5): 2812-2823, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164173

RESUMO

Background: Inflammation in the tumor microenvironment is hypothesized to have a major role in cancer invasiveness, progression, and metastases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative inflammation-based scores in terms of estimating the timing of recurrence by hazard curves in a cohort of operable, early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods: A total of 387 patients with NSCLC who underwent complete pulmonary resection from 2010 to 2019 had their C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), modified GPS, systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), and advance lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) measurements taken before surgery. Hazard curves indicating changes in hazards over time were evaluated. Results: Median follow-up was 39.2 months. In total, 105 patients (27.1%) experienced recurrence. The resulting hazard curve with elevated CAR, SII, GPS, and mGPS, values displayed an initial high peak during the first year. Multivariate analyses showed that an elevated CAR [hazard ratio (HR), 1.987; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.202-3.284] independently predicted the recurrence-free survival. Even in stage I disease, patients with elevated CAR and SII values showed an earlier peak of recurrence, which was about 12 to 16 months earlier than those with low values. Conclusions: Even after complete resection of stage I NSCLC, patients with elevated CAR and SII values retain a high risk of early recurrence. Preoperative inflammation-based scores can be an objective, simple, and cost-effective measurement for predicting early recurrence of NSCLC.

14.
J Anus Rectum Colon ; 5(2): 167-172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937557

RESUMO

Objectives: Molecular profiling of marker mutations has become an essential aspect in the treatment planning for colorectal cancer (CRC). Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutations could be used as markers in CRC molecular profiling. However, the extremely low frequency of these mutations makes their confirmation in all patients inefficient. Thus, to determine whether ALK positivity could be indicated by morphological features, we have analyzed ALK positivity in CRC tissues with a signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) component. Methods: We screened cases of patients who underwent CRC surgical resection at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of the Kanagawa Cancer Center between January 2015 and December 2019. The selected samples were then assessed immunohistochemically using an antibody against p80 ALK. Results: In total, we were able to retrieve 29 cases of CRC with the SRCC component from the database; however, 5 cases were excluded owing to the absence of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections or the absence of the SRCC component when the tissues were observed. In the immunohistochemical analysis, two cases showed diffused positive immunoreactivity for ALK and were defined as ALK-positive CRC. Thus, the ALK positivity rate in CRC with SRCC was determined to be 8.3%. Conclusions: This present study sheds light on the morphological features of ALK-positive CRC. Our findings could contribute to the effective screening and improvement of front-line therapy for CRC.

15.
Gut ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, there are no predictive biomarkers to guide selection of patients with gastric cancer (GC) who benefit from paclitaxel. Stomach cancer Adjuvant Multi-Institutional group Trial (SAMIT) was a 2×2 factorial randomised phase III study in which patients with GC were randomised to Pac-S-1 (paclitaxel +S-1), Pac-UFT (paclitaxel +UFT), S-1 alone or UFT alone after curative surgery. DESIGN: The primary objective of this study was to identify a gene signature that predicts survival benefit from paclitaxel chemotherapy in GC patients. SAMIT GC samples were profiled using a customised 476 gene NanoString panel. A random forest machine-learning model was applied on the NanoString profiles to develop a gene signature. An independent cohort of metastatic patients with GC treated with paclitaxel and ramucirumab (Pac-Ram) served as an external validation cohort. RESULTS: From the SAMIT trial 499 samples were analysed in this study. From the Pac-S-1 training cohort, the random forest model generated a 19-gene signature assigning patients to two groups: Pac-Sensitive and Pac-Resistant. In the Pac-UFT validation cohort, Pac-Sensitive patients exhibited a significant improvement in disease free survival (DFS): 3-year DFS 66% vs 40% (HR 0.44, p=0.0029). There was no survival difference between Pac-Sensitive and Pac-Resistant in the UFT or S-1 alone arms, test of interaction p<0.001. In the external Pac-Ram validation cohort, the signature predicted benefit for Pac-Sensitive (median PFS 147 days vs 112 days, HR 0.48, p=0.022). CONCLUSION: Using machine-learning techniques on one of the largest GC trials (SAMIT), we identify a gene signature representing the first predictive biomarker for paclitaxel benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry: C000000082 (SAMIT); ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, 02628951 (South Korean trial).

16.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(5): 681-683, 2021 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006713

RESUMO

An 86‒year‒old man with chronic kidney disease underwent surgical resection for combined large‒cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the left lower lobe of the lung(pT2aN1M0, stage ⅡB). Five months later, multiple liver and bone metastases and mediastinal lymph node recurrence were detected. After 9 courses of amrubicin monotherapy(32 mg/m2 for 3 consecutive days), his tumor marker levels normalized, and radiological examination revealed a complete tumor response. Adverse events occurred, but they were tolerable except a decrease in the neutrophil count. The patient remained in good condition for several months but died of tumor relapse 22 months after the initial recurrence. Amrubicin monotherapy was considered to be one of the treatment choices for recurrent large‒cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung in elderly patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antraciclinas , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 566-568, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976050

RESUMO

The patient was a 59‒year‒old woman. In 2005, she underwent low anterior resection plus D2 dissection for rectal cancer (pT4aN2aM0, pStage Ⅲb). In 2007, she underwent hepatic S8 subsegment resection for liver metastasis. After that, FOLFIRI therapy was performed as chemotherapy for recurrence of the right upper lung lobe and para‒aortic lymph node(PALN). CR was once obtained in both(of)PALN and lung, but PALN re‒expansion and left ovary enlargement were observed in 2009, and resection of PALN plus left ovariectomy was performed. Histological examination showed PALNs were metastases from rectal cancer and the ovary was benign. Eleven years after the first operation, she stayed alive without recurrence.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Retais , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado , Pulmão , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia
18.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 69(10): 1400-1406, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Complete resection with a clear margin is the only curative treatment for pulmonary aspergilloma. This requires a high-level technique, especially for complex aspergilloma (CA), because of patient conditions and wide dense adhesions. Fungus ball removal is used palliatively to control hemoptysis, rather than as a radical procedure, and may be performed using video-cavernoscopy as a simple and repeatable method. In this study, we examined this approach as an alternative treatment for CA. METHODS: Eight cases of fungus ball removal with video-cavernoscopy (video-cavernoscopic removal) treated at our center were retrospectively reviewed. The patient characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared with those of patients treated with one-stage radical surgery. RESULTS: There were 8 subjects (7 males, 1 female; median age 65 years) in the video-cavernoscopic removal group and 25 subjects (19 males, 6 females; median age 56 years) in the one-stage radical surgery group. The video-cavernoscopic removal group had a higher rate of emphysematous lung (p = 0.001), a lower body mass index (p = 0.039), and a lower percent vital capacity (p = 0.027). All cases in this group had preoperative hemoptysis that ceased after the procedure. Video-cavernoscopic removal was less invasive based on a shorter operative time (p = 0.000), less blood loss (p = 0.002), and a lower Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade (p = 0.023). However, four cases in this group (50%) relapsed with a median disease-free survival period of 471.5 days. CONCLUSIONS: Fungus ball removal with video-cavernoscopy is a simple technique for the prevention and control of massive hemoptysis that may be an alternative treatment for CA.


Assuntos
Aspergilose Pulmonar , Idoso , Feminino , Fungos , Hemoptise/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Aspergilose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Aspergilose Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 19(5): 369-375, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926234

RESUMO

Background: Analytical information obtained from clinical tissue samples has recently become more important due to recent advancements in the clinical practice of medicine, for example, gene panel testing. However, acquiring and managing the sample quality, which greatly influences the analyses, are not sufficient and hence requires immediate attention. We introduced time stamp (TS) recording and documentation using the Standard PREanalytical Code (SPREC) for breast cancer surgery samples to monitor and control their quality. Materials and Methods: The TS recording used SPREC for quality control of each sample by recording seven factors: type of sample, type of collection, warm ischemia time (WIT), cold ischemia time (CIT), fixation type, fixation time (FT), and long-term storage. The responsibilities to record each factor were assigned among group members (breast surgeons, anesthesiologists, pathologists, operating room nurses, and medical technologists in pathology). Results: Records based on SPREC were recorded for 393 surgical cases of first-time breast cancer patients performed at the Kanagawa Cancer Center from May 2018 to April 2019. The vascular clamp time was defined as when skin flap formation was completed, regardless of the surgical procedure. An anesthesiologist recorded the vascular clamp time and sample collection time, and the pathologist recorded the fixation start time and fixation end time. WIT was 23 (3-116) minutes (breast-conserving surgery, 11 [3-38] minutes; mastectomy, 26 [5-116] minutes; and nipple-sparing mastectomy, 39 [31-43] minutes), CIT was 37 (3-1052) minutes, and FT was 43 (17-115) hours. The median CIT and FT were significantly shortened after introducing the TS system, and the variabilities were reduced. Conclusion: A TS system for quality control of breast cancer surgical sample functions well due to the establishment of highly versatile WIT and a working group consisting of multiple members of different occupations who shared roles.

20.
Gland Surg ; 10(3): 852-860, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842230

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory biomarkers have been reported to be associated with anticancer drug efficacy in various cancers. This study aimed to investigate the associations between baseline inflammatory biomarkers or dynamics of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and treatment outcomes of lenvatinib in ATC. Methods: Twenty ATC patients whose complete blood count were available were included in this study. Patients characteristics, overall survival (OS), and the associations between baseline inflammatory biomarkers or dynamics of NLR and treatment outcomes of lenvatinib were investigated. Results: All 20 patients had a median baseline NLR of 4.5 (range, 1.4-19.7), a median platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) of 169.9 (range, 66.8-671.1), and a median lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) of 2.6 (range, 0.5-5.5). The median OS was 4.2 (95% CI: 1.1-10.3) months in patients with baseline NLR ≤4.5 and 3.1 (95% CI: 1.1-8.3) months in patients with baseline NLR >4.5 (P=0.681). The median OS was 4.2 (95% CI: 1.1-7.8) months in patients with baseline PLR ≤169.9 and 3.9 (95% CI: 0.6-8.3) months in patients with baseline PLR >169.9 (P=0.822). The median OS was 3.7 (95% CI: 1.1-9.8) months in patients with baseline LMR ≤2.6 and 4.2 (95% CI: 0.6-5.4) months in patients with baseline LMR >2.6 (P=0.421). NLR was increased more than the standard deviation of the baseline NLR after lenvatinib initiation in two of 16 patients with follow-up NLR data available. The median OS was 2.0 (95% CI: 1.1- not estimable) months in the increased group but was 5.3 (95% CI: 3.1-9.8) months in the non-increased group (P=0.003). Conclusions: There was seemed to be no association between prognosis or treatment efficacy of lenvatinib and baseline inflammatory biomarker values in our cases with ATC. However, we possibly estimate prognosis for ATC during lenvatinib treatment by observing the dynamics of NLR.

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