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J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111643, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698218


Diabetes is a major emerging health consequence across the world which directly associated with the obesity. Contemporary anti-diabetic drugs have numeral limitations, and investigation of herbal remedies for diabetes give novel guide for the expansion of new drugs that can be used as harmonizing to present anti-diabetic allopathic medications. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) of 21 nm have been formerly well portrayed in vitro for their capability to intend active uptake in cell. Our present study was dealing with the synthesis of gold nanoparticles by means of Smilax glabra rhizome amend the anti-obesity constraints in high-fat diet by streptozotocin provoked obese diabetes in rat model. Characterization studies like UV -Spectroscopy, XRD analysis, SEM, TEM microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy, and FT-IR investigation confirms the availability of dimension, shape and size. Biochemical parameters like blood glucose and insulin sufferance and its release, lipid profile, aterogenic & coronary index, liver markers, inflammatory markers, hormones like leptin, resistin, adiponectin indicates the therapeutic effect of gold nanoparticles harvested from Smilax glabra on obese and diabetic rats. Histopathological examinations displayed the disturbed internal structures of obese and diabetic rats liver and heart tissues. Whereas, treatment with gold nanoparticles synthesized from Smilax glabra restored the internal membrane, nuclei and cytoplasm. All these findings confirmed the anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles from Smilax glabra.

Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Smilax/química , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Rizoma/química , Rizoma/metabolismo , Smilax/metabolismo , Estreptozocina/toxicidade