Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 91
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Cancer ; 148: 307-315, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773275

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pelvic lymph node dissection has been the standard of care for patients with early cervical cancer. Sentinel node (SN) mapping is safe and feasible and may increase the detection of metastatic disease, but benefits of omitting pelvic lymph node dissection in terms of decreased morbidity have not been demonstrated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an open-label study, patients with early cervical carcinoma (FIGO 2009 stage IA2 to IIA1) were randomly assigned to SN resection alone (SN arm) or SN and pelvic lymph node dissection (SN + PLND arm). SN resection was followed by radical surgery of the tumour (radical hysterectomy or radical trachelectomy). The primary end-point was morbidity related to the lymph node dissection; 3-year recurrence-free survival was a secondary end-point. RESULTS: A total of 206 patients were eligible and randomly assigned to the SN arm (105 patients) or SN + PLND arm (101 patients). Most patients had stage IB1 lesion (87.4%). No false-negative case was observed in SN + PLND arm. Lymphatic morbidity was significantly lower in the SN arm (31.4%) than in the SN + PLND arm (51.5%; p = 0.0046), as was the rate of postoperative neurological symptoms (7.8% vs. 20.6%, p = 0.01, respectively). However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with significant lymphoedema between the two groups. During the 6-month postoperative period, the difference in morbidity decreased over time. The 3-year recurrence-free survival was not significantly different (92.0% in SN arm and 94.4% in SN + PLND arm). CONCLUSION: SN resection alone is associated with early decreased lymphatic morbidity when compared with SN + PLND in early cervical cancer.

2.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 151: w20406, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578430

RESUMO

AIMS OF THE STUDY: The European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) recommends that countries should have reference centres to provide adequate diagnosis and treatment of gestational trophoblastic disease. A trophoblastic disease centre in the French-speaking part of Switzerland was inaugurated in 2009. The objectives of this study were to report the activity of the centre during the last 10 years and analyse gestational trophoblastic disease outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study with data collected from all cases of gestational trophoblastic disease referred to the centre from 2009 to 2018. All histological specimens as well as data for treatment and follow-up of gestational trophoblastic disease and neoplasia were reviewed. Clinical features, including age, prognostic score and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages (in the case of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) follow-up, treatment and outcome were reported. RESULTS: The centre registered 354 patients, and these patients presented 156 cases of partial hydatidiform moles, 163 cases of complete hydatidiform moles and 14 cases of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. During follow-up, 35 gestational trophoblastic neoplasms were diagnosed after hCG persistence. After pathology review, the overall agreement rates between our centre and a participating provider hospital was 82%. Methotrexate was the first line of single-agent chemotherapy for most patients, with resistance rates of 23%. Multi-agent chemotherapy was used as first-line treatment for five patients. None of the patients followed up by the centre died from gestational trophoblastic disease. CONCLUSIONS: This study reflects the activity of the Swiss trophoblastic disease centre from the French-speaking part of Switzerland created in 2009, and its role as local and national reference centre, in terms of global health, for women with gestational trophoblastic disease.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of Lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) in IB1 stage of the revised 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification for cervical cancer. METHODS: A secondary analysis of two French prospective multicentric trials on Sentinel Lymph node biopsy for cervical cancer was performed. Patients with 2009 FIGO IB1 stage who underwent radical surgery between January 2005 and July 2012 from 28 French expert centers were included. The stage was modified retrospectively according to the new 2018 FIGO staging system. RESULTS: According to the 2009 FIGO classification, 246 patients had IB1 disease stage and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The median follow-up was 48 months (4-127). Twenty patients (8.1%) experienced a recurrence, and the 5-year Disease Free Survival (DFS) was 90.0%. Compared to 2018 IB1 staged patients, new IB2 had significantly decreased 5-year DFS, 78.6% vs. 92.9%, p = 0.006 whereas IIIC patients had similar 5-year DFS (91.7%, p = 0.95). In the subgroup of patients with FIGO 2018 IB1 stage, the presence of LVSI was associated with a significant decrease in DFS (82.5% vs. 95.8%, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: LVSI is associated with decreased 5-year DFS in IB1 2018 FIGO stage and LVSI status should be considered in early-stage cervical cancer for a more precise risk assessment.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy may be an alternative to systematic lymphadenectomy in early cervical cancer. The SLN biopsy is less morbid and has been shown to have high sensitivity for metastasis detection. However, the sensitivity of the SLN technique might be overevaluated because SLNs are examined with ultra-staging, and non-sentinel nodes usually are examined only with routine techniques. This study aimed to validate the negative predictive value (NPV) of the SLN technique by the ultra-staging of SLNs and non-sentinel nodes (NSLNs). METHODS: The SENTICOL 1 study data published in 2011 were used. All nodes (i.e., SLNs and NSLNs) were secondarily subjected to ultra-staging. The ultra-staging consisted of sectioning every 200 µm, in addition to immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the positive slides and 10% of the negative slides were reviewed. RESULTS: The study enrolled 139 patients, and SLNs were detected in 136 (97.8%) of these patiets. Bilateral SLNs were detected in 104 (76.5%) of the 136 patients. A total of 2056 NSLNs were identified (median, 13 NSLNs per patient; range 1-54). Of the 136 patients with SLNs, 23 were shown to have positive SLNs after serial sectioning and immunohistochemical staining. The NSLNs were metastatic in six patients. In the case of bilateral SLN detection, the NPV was 100%, with no false-negatives (FNs). CONCLUSIONS: The pelvic SLN technique is safe and trustworthy for determining the nodal status of patients with early-stage cervical cancer. In the case of optimal mapping with bilateral detection, the NPV was found to be 100%.

6.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(712): 2037-2041, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112516

RESUMO

The vaginal examination is too often part of the routine in periodic gynecological consultations. However, its performance as a screening examination for gynecological diseases such as cancers and infections is poor when performed in the asymptomatic patient. It is appropriate for cervical cancer screening every 3 years from the age of 21. Moreover, the intrusive nature of the vaginal examination, which is sometimes experienced as traumatic by patients, encourages the targeting of indications for its practice. Fear of this examination may also result in avoidance of care. The gynecological consultation is a privileged setting for screening for sexual risk taking or domestic violence, but also for exploring overall sexual health and promoting women's health.


Assuntos
Exame Ginecológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Saúde da Mulher
7.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(712): 2046-2049, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112518

RESUMO

The treatment of the early-stage cervical cancer is surgical. In the last ten years we have seen a surgical de-escalation and the development of new techniques such as the sentinel node biopsy. In 2018, absolutely against the trend, the study published in the New England Journal of Medicine by Pedro Ramirez upset the world of gynecologic-oncologists by demonstrating that the open approach is superior to the minimally invasive technique in the surgical management of these cancers. A long debate arose after the publication of this article, which remains the only prospective randomized study published to date on the subject. We therefore must take a step back and return to open surgery in the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
8.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 11: 2150132720957455, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909512

RESUMO

Transitions in care are key junctions during which care coordination, communication, and individualized support are required to ensure optimal health outcomes for patients. This is particularly true for patients who face social disparities, such as poverty, limited health literacy, or belonging to a racial or ethnic minority, who are particularly at risk for experiencing poor care transitions. Interdisciplinary primary care-led transition clinics are an intervention that have shown promise in improving care transitions for diverse patient populations, including those that face social disparities, but their role in improving transitions in cancer care remains largely untapped. In this commentary we highlight why the time-limited support of an interdisciplinary primary care-led transition clinic that targets socially vulnerable cancer patients holds the promise of achieving more equitable healthcare access, healthcare quality, and ultimately more equitable health outcomes for cancer patients.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Phyllodes tumors (PT) of the breast are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms. Information is controversial in the literature regarding to the optimal surgical management. Most studies suggested margins of at least 10 mm while some recent studies suggested narrower margins without an increased risk of local recurrences (LR) and distant metastases (DM). The objective of this systematic review was to identify and compare studies that assessed these different practices. METHODS: A systematic review was performed through five databases up to April 2019. Studies exploring the association between the width of margins, subtypes of PT, and the LR and DM rates were considered for inclusion. A statistical model for analyzing sparse data and rare events was used. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met eligibility criteria and were selected. Considering a threshold of 10 mm (margins < 10 vs margins ≥ 10 mm), the 5-year incidence rate of LR was estimated to be 5.22 vs. 3.63 (diff. -1.59) per 100 person-years for benign PT, 9.60 vs. 7.33 (diff. -2.27) for borderline PT, and 28.58 vs. 21.84 (diff. -6.74) for malignant PT. For DM, it was estimated to be 0.88 vs. 0.86 (diff. -0.02) for benign PT, 1.61 vs. 1.74 (diff. 0.13) for borderline PT, and 4.80 vs 5.18 (diff. 0.38) for malignant PT. The data for a threshold of 1 mm were not sufficient to draw any conclusions. CONCLUSION: Irrespective of tumor grade, we found that DM was a rarer event than LR. Malignant PT had the highest incidence rate of LR and DM. This meta-analysis found a clear association between width of margins and LR rates. Whatever the tumor grade, surgical margins ≥ 10 mm guaranteed a lower risk of LR than margins < 10 mm. On the other hand, the width of margin did not influence the apparition of DM.

11.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(9): 1317-1325, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753560

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Radical hysterectomy is the gold standard in the management of early-stage cervical cancer. Parametrectomy aims to remove occult disease but is associated with significant surgical morbidity. Avoiding unnecessary parametrectomy in a subset of patients at low risk of parametrial involvement may decrease the incidence of such morbidity. The purpose of this study was to identify patients at low risk of parametrial involvement in early-stage cervical cancer potentially eligible for less radical surgery based on pre-operative criteria and sentinel lymph node (SLN) status. METHODS: We performed an ancillary analysis of data from two prospective trials on sentinel node biopsy for cervical cancer (SENTICOL I and II). Patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IA-IIA cervical cancer who underwent primary radical surgery and bilateral SLN mapping were identified between 2005 and 2012 from 25 French oncologic centers. Patients who underwent pre-operative brachytherapy or did not undergo radical surgery (simple trachelectomy, simple hysterectomy, or lymph node staging only) were excluded. RESULTS: Of 174 patients who fullfiled the inclusion criteria, 9 patients (5.2%) had parametrial involvement and 24 patients (13.8%) had positive SLN. Most patients had 2018 FIGO stage IB1 disease (86.1%) and squamous cell carcinomas (68.9%). Parametrial involvement was significantly associated with tumor size ≥20 mm on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (adjusted odds ratio (ORa) 9.30, 95% CI 1.71 to 50.57, p=0.01) and micrometastic or macrometastatic SLN (ORa 8.98, 95% CI 1.59 to 50.84, p=0.01). Of 114 patients with tumors <20 mm on pre-operative MRI and negative SLN after ultrastaging, only one patient had parametrial involvement (0.9%). By triaging patients with both of these criteria in a two-step surgical procedure, unjustified and contra-indicated radical hysterectomy would have been avoided in 65.5% and 8.6% of cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Less radical surgery may be an option for patients with bilateral negative SLN after ultrastaging and tumors <20 mm. SLN status should be integrated into the decision-making process for tailored surgery in early-stage cervical cancer.

12.
J Clin Med ; 9(7)2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to establish a tool predicting parametrial involvement (PI) in patients with early-stage cervical cancer and select a sub-group of patients who would most benefit from a less radical surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients from two prospective multicentric databases-SENTICOL I and II-from 2005 to 2012. Patients with early-stage cervical cancer (FIGO 2018 IA with lympho-vascular involvement to IIA1), undergoing radical surgery (hysterectomy or trachelectomy) with bilateral sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping with no metastatic node or PI on pre-operative imaging, were included. RESULTS: In total, 5.2% patients (11/211) presented a histologic PI. After univariate analysis, SLN status, lympho-vascular space invasion, deep stromal invasion and tumor size were significantly associated with PI and were included in our nomogram. Our predictive model had an AUC of 0.92 (IC95% = 0.86-0.98) and presented a good calibration. A low risk group, defined according to the optimal sensitivity and specificity, presented a predicted probability of PI of 2%. CONCLUSION: Patients could benefit from a two-step approach. Final surgery (i.e. radical surgery and/or lymphadenectomy) would depend on the SLN status and the probability PI calculated after an initial conization with bilateral SLN mapping.

13.
Front Surg ; 7: 31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596252

RESUMO

Objective: In this subanalysis of the prospective randomized multicenter SENTICOL 2 study, we compared the quality of life (QoL), in two arms, in association with lower-limb consequences in women with early stage cervical cancer undergoing randomized sentinel lymph node (SLN) sampling alone or SLN sampling and full pelvic lymphadenectomy. Methods: 206 patients with an early stage cervical cancer and a negative SLN, were randomized. Every patient had a SLN detection based on a combination of radio-isotope (Nanocis®) and blue dye (Bleu Patenté®) injections. One hundred and One patients, the "standard" group, had complete pelvic lymphadenectomy, 105 patients, the "SLN alone" group, had SLN biopsy without lymphadenectomy. At each visit (V0: preoperative, V1: 1 month, V2: 3 months and V3: 6 months following surgery) the patients completed a Short Form Health Survey (SF36) questionnaire and another questionnaire related to leg lymphedema. SF36 scores variations (compared to the baseline values) were assessed with a standard analysis and by an evaluation of the area under the curve (AUC). Several lower-limb circumferences and signs were also determined. Results: General characteristics of the patients were well-balanced between groups. Physical function and general health dimensions of the SF36 scale were significantly improved at V1 and V2 in the "SLN alone" group. Mental health was also statistically better in the "SLN alone" group at V2. Other dimensions were similar. The two groups had similar evaluation at V3. AUC of SF36 sub-scores was also in favor of the "SLN alone" arm, but the difference was not statistically significant. The analysis about the lymphedema of the legs showed a reduced (but not significant) risk in the "SLN alone" group for the top-of-thigh and the mid-thigh perimeters. Lymphedema symptoms reported by the patients were significantly less severe in the "SLN alone" group. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates a trend for a better quality of life and less severe leg heaviness and leg fatigue when a full pelvic lymphadenectomy is avoided.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(5)2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344814

RESUMO

Background: With the development of the sentinel node technique in early-stage cervical cancer, it is imperative to define the clinical significance of micrometastases (MICs) and isolated tumor cells (ITCs). Methods: We included all patients who participated in the Senticol 1 and Senticol 2 studies. We analyzed the factors associated with the presence of low-volume metastasis, the oncological outcomes of patients with MIC and ITC and the correlation of recurrences and risk factors. Results: Twenty-four patients (7.5%) had low-volume metastasis. The risk factors associated with the presence of low-volume metastasis were a higher stage (p = 0.02) and major stromal invasion (p = 0.01) in the univariate analysis. The maximum specificity and sensitivity were found at a cutoff of 8 mm of stromal invasion. In multivariate analysis, the higher stage (p = 0.02) and the positive lymphovascular space invasion (p = 0.02) were significantly associated with the MIC and ITC. Patients with low-volume metastasis had similar disease-free survival (DFS) (92.7%) to node-negative patients (93.6%). The addition of adjuvant treatment in presence of low-volume metastasis did not modify the DFS. Conclusions: These results confirm our previous analysis of Senticol 1: the presence of low-volume metastasis did not decrease the DFS in early-stage cervical cancer patients.

15.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(1): 3-14, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimizing and ensuring the quality of surgical care is essential to improve the management and outcome of patients with cervical cancer.To develop a list of quality indicators for surgical treatment of cervical cancer that can be used to audit and improve clinical practice. METHODS: Quality indicators were developed using a four-step evaluation process that included a systematic literature search to identify potential quality indicators, in-person meetings of an ad hoc group of international experts, an internal validation process, and external review by a large panel of European clinicians and patient representatives. RESULTS: Fifteen structural, process, and outcome indicators were selected. Using a structured format, each quality indicator has a description specifying what the indicator is measuring. Measurability specifications are also detailed to define how the indicator will be measured in practice. Each indicator has a target which gives practitioners and health administrators a quantitative basis for improving care and organizational processes. DISCUSSION: Implementation of institutional quality assurance programs can improve quality of care, even in high-volume centers. This set of quality indicators from the European Society of Gynaecological Cancer may be a major instrument to improve the quality of surgical treatment of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/normas , Oncologia Cirúrgica/normas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Oncologia Cirúrgica/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
16.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 696-706, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627905

RESUMO

Lymph node status is the most important prognostic factor of survival in women with early stage cervical cancer. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is an accurate method for the assessment of lymph nodal involvement in early-stages cervical cancer and has been increasingly used instead of systematic pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). Less-radical lymph node dissection decreases the associated morbidity of PLND, especially the risk of lower-leg lymphoedema, which affects severely patient quality of life. SLN biopsy allows nodes ultrastaging and provides supplementary histological information by increasing the detection of tumor low-volume (isolated tumors cells and micrometastases). Moreover, SLN biopsy provides accurate anatomical information on pelvic lymphatic drainage pathway by identifying nodes outside of routine lymphadenectomy areas. Selection of a population at low-risk of nodal metastasis, a minimal training, and simple rules may ensure a low false negative rate. Several studies have shown that SLN mapping in these patients is feasible, with excellent detection rates and sensitivity. Combined detection with technetium-99 and blue dye has been widely used but recently, there has been increasing interest in the use of fluorescent dies such as indocyanine green (ICG) which would improve SLN detection. Although recent international guidelines recommend performing SLN biopsy in addition to PLND, SLN biopsy alone is not the gold-standard yet due to lack of prospective evidence, especially on long-term oncological safety. Some points remain controversial such as the low accuracy of intraoperative SLN status assessment by frozen section and the impact of micrometastasis on prognostic. The prospective randomized clinical trial SENTICOL III will answer to these problematics.


Assuntos
Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
17.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 391, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed at a late stage with 85% of them relapsing after surgery and standard chemotherapy; for this reason, new treatments are urgently needed. Ovarian cancer has become a candidate for immunotherapy by reason of their expression of shared tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) and private mutated neoantigens (NeoAgs) and the recognition of the tumor by the immune system. Additionally, the presence of intraepithelial tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is associated with improved progression-free and overall survival of patients with ovarian cancer. The aim of active immunotherapy, including vaccination, is to generate a new anti-tumor response and amplify an existing immune response. Recently developed NeoAgs-based cancer vaccines have the advantage of being more tumor specific, reducing the potential for immunological tolerance, and inducing robust immunogenicity. METHODS: We propose a randomized phase I/II study in patients with advanced ovarian cancer to compare the immunogenicity and to assess safety and feasibility of two personalized DC vaccines. After standard of care surgery and chemotherapy, patients will receive either a novel vaccine consisting of autologous DCs pulsed with up to ten peptides (PEP-DC), selected using an agnostic, yet personalized, epitope discovery algorithm, or a sequential combination of a DC vaccine loaded with autologous oxidized tumor lysate (OC-DC) prior to an equivalent PEP-DC vaccine. All vaccines will be administered in combination with low-dose cyclophosphamide. This study is the first attempt to compare the two approaches and to use NeoAgs-based vaccines in ovarian cancer in the adjuvant setting. DISCUSSION: The proposed treatment takes advantage of the beneficial effects of pre-treatment with OC-DC prior to PEP-DC vaccination, prompting immune response induction against a wide range of patient-specific antigens, and amplification of pre-existing NeoAgs-specific T cell clones. Trial registration This trial is already approved by Swissmedic (Ref.: 2019TpP1004) and will be registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov before enrollment opens.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Císticas, Mucinosas e Serosas/patologia , Neoplasias Císticas, Mucinosas e Serosas/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Peptídeos/imunologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Transplante Autólogo
18.
Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig ; 41(3)2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693493

RESUMO

Background Ovarian carcinoma is a poor prognosis cancer mainly due to its late diagnosis. Its incidence is relatively low but mortality is high. The symptomatology is only slightly specific, which complicates diagnostic management. It would therefore be interesting to be able to establish a diagnosis as early as possible in order to improve the prognosis of patients suffering from ovarian cancer. Materials and methods Currently, the combination of an ultrasound examination with a cancer antigen (CA)-125 assay is the most effective diagnostic technique, but not already admitted as a screening method. Therefore, we realized an exhaustive analysis of the most important studies in the last 15 years, in order to find new approaches in ovarian cancer screening. Results The age for initiating screening and its frequency are issues that are not fully resolved. The false positives and morbidity that result from screening are currently notable limitations. Conclusions The latest data do not support effective screening in the general population.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Carcinoma/sangue , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Neoplasias Ovarianas/sangue , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/normas
20.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(668): 1926-1931, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643153

RESUMO

Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is the most frequent notifiable sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Switzerland. The infection is most frequently observed in 15 to 24 year-old-women and in 25 to 34 year-old-men. 50-75 % of the Chlamydia trachomatis carriage are asymptomatic, making the infection difficult to diagnose and increasing the untreated specimen, leading to complications like infertility, ectopic pregnancy or pelvic inflammatory disease. Despite having a sexual prevention at school, the youths seem to have a lack of knowledge about CT, her transmission and her complications. We performed a survey, which showed that 60.5 % of the participants ignored that this bacteria is mostly asymptomatic. We also found that 11 % of the participants believed that there is no possible relapse of the infection. The prevention must be strengthened, mostly because there is no program in Switzerland, letting every physician to his own beliefs. The medical consultation is an ideal opportunity for this prevention and the youths shared their wish to discuss more about it with health professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis , Objetivos , Educação em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Erradicação de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade/epidemiologia , Infertilidade/microbiologia , Masculino , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/epidemiologia , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/microbiologia , Gravidez , Suíça/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...