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1.
Cancer Biomark ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the preferred treatment option for patients with several hematologic disorders and immunodeficiency syndromes. Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is an immune mediated post-transplant complication which has a major impact on long term transplant outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Current efforts are focused on identification of new markers that serve as potential predictors of GVHD and other post-transplant clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study includes donor harvests collected from twenty-three allogeneic donors during period 2008-2009 and respective transplant recipients followed for clinical outcomes till March 2019. Percent CD26+ and CD34+ cells in donor harvest were analyzed using flow cytometry. Percent expression and infused dose of CD26+ and CD34+ cells were evaluated for association with various clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Total 23 healthy donors 28 years (13 males), and transplant recipients with median age 24 years (17 males) formed the study cohort. The diagnosis included malignant (n= 13) and non-malignant (n= 10) disorders. Median CD34brCD45lo HSC expression was 057% (IQR 024-103) while median CD26 expression was 1964% (IQR 896-3356) of all nucleated cells. CD26 expression was associated with donor age (P= 0.37). CD26 percent expression correlated with WBC engraftment (P= 0.015) and with acute GVHD (P= 0.023) whereas infused CD26 cell dose correlated with WBC engraftment (P= 0.004) and risk of CMV reactivation (P= 0.020). There was no statistically significant correlation of either CD26 expression or cell dose with chronic GVHD, EFS or OS.

3.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(7): 1558-1562, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514924

RESUMO

Transplant associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is life-threatening complication post allogeneic stem cell transplant (ASCT). Risk factors and prognosis of TA-TMA are not well defined. We retrospectively studied consecutive ASCT patients with AML, ALL, and CML from January 2008 to March 2019 to study the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of TMA. Definitive and probable TA-TMA was defined using Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT-CTN) and Cho criteria, respectively. Risk factors explored were age, gender, diagnosis, type of transplant, use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) pre transplant, conditioning regimen, and acute GVHD. Standard statistical methods were used. Total 241 patients, 179 (74.2 %) males, median age of 29 years were studied. Diagnoses were AML in 104, ALL in 85 (Ph+ve 23) and CML 52. Total 26 (10.7%) patients (22 males) developed TA-TMA at median of day+102. On multivariate analysis, pre-HSCT TKI (OR 2.7, p = 0.028), haplo-HSCT (OR 3.16, p = 0.018) and presence of acute GVHD (OR 4.17, p = 0.003) were significant risk factors. With a median follow up of 60 months, median OS with and without TA-TMA was 18 and 97 months respectively (p = 0.021). The association of pre-HSCT with TKI with TA-TMA merits further exploration in prospective studies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Adulto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/epidemiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia
4.
Int J Hematol ; 112(6): 835-840, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876851

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization regimens in multiple myeloma typically use filgrastim (GCSF) alone or combination of GCSF with plerixafor or high-dose cyclophosphamide. Murine model and human studies have shown HSPC mobilization potential of bortezomib. A total of 37 patients underwent mobilization using bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 on day 1, 4, 8 and 11, cyclophosphamide 1 g/m2 on day 8 and 9, and GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 10 (B-Cy-GCSF). This regimen was compared with our earlier cohort of patients where cyclophosphamide was given at dose of 1 g/m2 on day 1 and day 2 followed by GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 4 (Cy-GCSF). In B-Cy-GCSF group, median CD34 cells collected were 9.21 × 106/kg (range 4.95-17.1) while in the Cy-GCSF cohort, the median CD34 cell yield was 8.2 × 106/kg (0.4-24.2). Target CD34 cells yield of 5 × 106/kg was achieved with single apheresis in 58.6% of patients after B-Cy-GCSF mobilization as compared to 44.3% in Cy-GCSF group (p = 0.07). Three patients failed mobilization after Cy-GCSF, while no patients failed mobilization in bortezomib group. Addition of bortezomib to Cy-GCSF mobilization showed a trend towards increased CD34 collection and reduced need for apheresis sessions.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos , Feminino , Filgrastim/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 14(5): 926-933, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197327

RESUMO

Background: High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is the treatment of choice for patients with relapsed and refractory (RR) lymphoma. We analyzed toxicity and long-term outcome with lomustine, cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, etoposide (LACE) conditioning in patients with primary refractory or relapsed lymphoma undergoing autologous transplant. Materials and Methods: One-hundred patients with primary refractory (23), chemotherapy sensitive relapse (74) or RR (3) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL - 70 patients), and non-HL (NHL - 30 patients) underwent HSCT with LACE (lomustine 200 mg/m 2 day-7, etoposide 1000 mg/m 2 day-7, cytarabine 2000 mg/m 2 day-6 to day-5, and cyclophosphamide 1800 mg/m 2 day-4 to day-2) conditioning between November 2007 and December 2013. At transplant, 68 patients were in complete remission (CR), 29 in partial remission, 2 had stable disease, and 1 had progressive disease. Patients were followed up for development of transplant-related toxicities and long-term survival outcome. Results: The incidence of grades 3-4 oral mucositis and grades 3-4 diarrhea was 8% and 4%, respectively. Median days to myeloid and platelet engraftment were 10 and 13. Transplant-related mortality was 7%. At median follow-up of 3 years, probability of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years was 70% and 58% in entire cohort, 78% and 62% in HL and 51% and 46% in NHL subgroup, respectively. International Prognostic Score (IPS) >2 at relapse prognosticated for poor OS (P = 0.002) and PFS (P < 0.001) in HL subgroup. Positron emission tomography positivity pretransplant (HL subgroup) and at day + 100 (NHL subgroup) predicted for poor survival. Conclusion: We conclude that LACE is effective and well-tolerated conditioning regimen. IPS at relapse is the most important prognostic factor in HL transplant.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Prognóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Lomustina/administração & dosagem , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 9-15, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147087

RESUMO

Introduction: There is paucity of data from India about the outcomes of patients with various hematological malignancies. Since its formation in 2009, the adult hematolymphoid disease management group of the Tata Memorial Centre is dedicated to the treatment of hematological malignancies alone. In this report, we present the outcomes of patients treated at our centre over a 5 year period for various haematological malignancies in both transplant and non-transplant setting. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of all patients registered in adult hematolymphoid disease management group between 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2014. Patients not treated at our centre were excluded from survival analysis. The cut off date for survival analysis was 31st January 2016. Results: Overall, 1869, 3633 and 544 patients with acute leukemias, various lymphomas and myeloma respectively were registered at our centre from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2014. Of these, 1178 (63%), 3091 (85%) and 454 (83%) respectively received treatment at our centre. The cumulative probability of 5 year overall survival for patients with acute leukemias, Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and myeloma treated at our centre is 40%, 85%, 78% and 40% respectively. Four hundred and fifteen stem cell transplants were done between 14th November 2007 to 31st December 2014 with 46% being allogeneic and 54% being autologous. The 5 year overall survival of patients with allogenic and autologous transplant was 52% and 63% respectively. Conclusions: This is the largest single centre data on outcomes of various haematological malignancies from India. This real world data identifies areas which need further attention to improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Transplante Autólogo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 13(6): 981-988, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29237963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trough cyclosporine (CsA) blood level can influence incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and relapse in patients with acute leukemia undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). We sought to determine factors affecting initial trough CsA level (CsA-1) and its impact on transplant outcome in acute leukemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients underwent HSCT for acute leukemia between January 2008 and March 2013 and were included. GVHD prophylaxis included CsA + methotrexate. (MTX) in 53 patients and CsA + mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in 24 patients CsA-1 was measured on day 3-5 of starting CsA and subsequent dose was modified to achieve therapeutic level of 150-200. ng/mL. According to CsA-1, patients were divided into three groups - 27 in Group A (dose escalated), 13 in Group B (dose de-escalated), and 37 in Group C (same dose continued). RESULTS: On univariate analysis, cyclophosphamide with total-body irradiation (TBI) based conditioning regimen and lower body mass index (BMI) were associated with lower CsA-1, while use of fludarabine and higher BMI were associated with higher CsA-1. On multivariate analysis, only fludarabine use and BMI affected CsA-1. Incidence of acute and chronic GVHD (aGVHD and cGVHD), transplant-related mortality, relapse incidence, and relapse-free and overall survival (OS) were similar in the three groups. CONCLUSION: While fludarabine use in conditioning regimen and higher BMI leads to higher CsA-1, transplant outcomes are not affected by CsA-1.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/sangue , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/radioterapia , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto Jovem
8.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 32(3): 248-56, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27429515

RESUMO

We sought to compare two graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis regimen, cyclosporine and methotrexate (CsA+MTX) with CsA+mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in 77 acute leukemia patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) between January 2008 and March 2013. Fifty-three patients received CsA+MTX while 24 received CsA+MMF. The incidence of grade 3-4 mucositis and grade 3-4 diarrhea was 74 and 6 % with CsA+MTX compared to 33 % and 21 % with CsA+MMF (P = 0.001 and 0.09 respectively). Forty-two (79 %) patients in CsA+MTX group required total parenteral nutrition compared to 14 (58 %) in CsA+MMF group (P = 0.09). The incidence of engraftment fever was 17 % with CsA+MTX and 41 % with CsA+MMF (P = 0.02). The median time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 14 days and 13 days with CsA+MTX compared to 12 days and 10 days with CsA+MMF (P = 0.003 and 0.08 respectively). The incidence of any grade and grade II-IV acute GVHD was 45 and 13 % with CsA+MTX compared to 42 and 29 % with CsA+MMF (P = NS). Incidence of overall and extensive chronic GVHD was 57 and 38 % with CsA+MTX compared to 42 and 17 % with CsA+MMF (P = NS). Incidence of relapse was 38 % with CsA+MTX compared to 33 % with CsA+MMF (P = NS). TRM was 6 % with CsA+MTX and 21 % with CsA+MMF (P = NS). At 2 years, overall survival (OS) was 64 % in CsA+MTX group compared to 46 % in CsA+MMF group (P = NS). We conclude that CsA+MMF is associated with lesser toxicity, faster myeloid engraftment and similar rates of acute and chronic GVHD, TRM, relapse and OS compared to CsA+MTX in acute leukemia transplant.

9.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 32(1): 32-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26855504

RESUMO

Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is a common late complication of allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). We analyzed risk factors, pattern and long term transplant outcomes of cGVHD at a tertiary cancer centre. Seventy-seven consecutive patients who underwent HSCT for acute leukemia were included. Forty (52 %) patients developed cGVHD; 24 (60 %) extensive stage while 16 (40 %) limited stage. Oral cavity was the commonest site of involvement (25 patients) followed by liver, skin and lung. We found that female donor to male recipient transplant and diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were the only factors associated with increased risk of cGVHD. The incidence of leukemia relapse was 18 % in patients who developed cGVHD compared to 51 % in those who did not (P = 0.002). Four year overall survival and relapse free survival (RFS) were 62 and 46 % in patients who developed cGVHD compared to 29 % (P < 0.001) and 29 % (P < 0.001) in patients who did not develop cGVHD, respectively. We conclude that cGVHD is more common in male patients with female donors and in patients transplanted for ALL. Oral cavity is the commonest site of cGVHD in our patients and transplant related survival outcomes are superior in patients who develop cGVHD.

10.
Hematol Oncol ; 34(3): 140-6, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25690950

RESUMO

Reactivation of remote hepatitis B infection (RHBI) is an important cause of morbidity in hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients. We analyzed the prevalence of RHBI in 205 patients who underwent HCT in our centre, serological events related to hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation and role of lamivudine prophylaxis in HCT patients with RHBI. The prevalence of RHBI was 14% (28/205 patients). Of these 28 patients, 15 received lamivudine prophylaxis (14 anti-HBcIgG positive and 1 only anti-HBs positive) while 13 did not receive lamivudine prophylaxis (12 anti-HBs positive and 1 anti-HBcIgG positive). None in prophylaxis group developed HBV reactivation while 12 of 13 in no-prophylaxis group reactivated (P < 0.001). The rate of HBV reactivation was 10% (21/205 patients), which included 9 patients with no evidence of RHBI pre-transplant. We conclude that lamivudine prophylaxis protects against HBV reactivation in HCT patients with evidence of RHBI. Lamivudine prophylaxis should be used not only in patients with anti-HBcIgG positivity but also in those with isolated anti-HBs positivity pre-transplant given the high rate of HBV reactivation in these patients. HBV serology cannot identify all cases with RHBI and therefore does not preclude HBV reactivation post-transplant. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Lamivudina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Ativação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/virologia
11.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 31(4): 404-12, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26306063

RESUMO

We sought to determine risk factors, pattern and outcome of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) in seventy-seven acute leukemia patients who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplant at our centre from January 2008 to March 2013. GVHD prophylaxis with cyclosporine-methotrexate or cyclosporine-mycophenolate mofetil was used. Patients were divided in 2 groups, grade II-IV aGVHD (group A) and grade 0-I aGVHD (group B). Incidence of any grade and grade II-IV aGVHD was 44 and 18 %, respectively. The most common site of aGVHD was gastro-intestinal tract (65 %) followed by skin (35 %). Higher total nucleated cell (TNC) dose infused was associated with increased incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD. Incidence of relapse and incidence of slippage of chimerism was 21 and 36 % in group A while 37 and 27 % in group B respectively. Transplant related mortality (TRM) was 21 % in group A and 13 % in group B. Probability of OS and RFS at 4 years was 63 and 34 % in group A compared with 40 and 38 % in group B, respectively. We conclude that higher TNC dose infused is a risk factor for grade II-IV aGVHD with gut being the commonest site. Grade II-IV aGVHD did not have a significant impact on incidence of relapse, TRM and OS.

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