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1.
Nat Commun ; 7: 12522, 2016 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27725671

RESUMO

The African Diaspora in the Western Hemisphere represents one of the largest forced migrations in history and had a profound impact on genetic diversity in modern populations. To date, the fine-scale population structure of descendants of the African Diaspora remains largely uncharacterized. Here we present genetic variation from deeply sequenced genomes of 642 individuals from North and South American, Caribbean and West African populations, substantially increasing the lexicon of human genomic variation and suggesting much variation remains to be discovered in African-admixed populations in the Americas. We summarize genetic variation in these populations, quantifying the postcolonial sex-biased European gene flow across multiple regions. Moreover, we refine estimates on the burden of deleterious variants carried across populations and how this varies with African ancestry. Our data are an important resource for empowering disease mapping studies in African-admixed individuals and will facilitate gene discovery for diseases disproportionately affecting individuals of African ancestry.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Fluxo Gênico , Genoma Humano , Migração Humana , Sequência de Bases , DNA Intergênico/genética , Feminino , Heterogeneidade Genética , Geografia , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Sexismo
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 795: 125-55, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24162907

RESUMO

While asthma is a heterogeneous disease, a strong genetic basis has been firmly established. Rather than being a single disease entity, asthma consists of related, overlapping syndromes [Barnes (Proc Am Thor Soc 8:143-148, 2011)] including three general domains: variable airway obstruction, airway hyper-responsiveness, and airway inflammation with a considerable proportion, but not all, of asthma being IgE-mediated further adding to its heterogeneity. This chapter reviews the approaches to the elucidation of genetics of asthma from the early evidence of familial clustering to the current state of knowledge with genome-wide approaches. The conclusion is that research efforts have led to a tremendous repository of genetic determinants of asthma, most of which fall into the above phenotypic domains of the syndrome. We now look to future integrative approaches of genetics, genomics (Chap. 10), and epigenetics (Chap. 11) to better understand the causal mechanism through which, these genetic loci act in manifesting asthma.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/genética , Asma/genética , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genômica , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/imunologia , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/fisiopatologia , Asma/imunologia , Asma/fisiopatologia , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/imunologia , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica/fisiopatologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Ligação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/genética , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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