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1.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 21(8): 86, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342183

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will provide recent pre-clinical and initial clinical trials exploring the efficacy of sonothrombolysis as an adjunct to current emergent therapies in acute coronary syndromes. RECENT FINDINGS: The initial clinical trials examining the efficacy of short pulse duration diagnostic ultrasound (DUS) high mechanical index impulses in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have demonstrated that there is improved patency of the infarct vessel, and improved microvascular flow following percutaneous coronary intervention. Subsequent randomized prospective trials have confirmed that in patients with acute STEMI receiving an intravenous microbubble infusion, diagnostic high mechanical index impulses applied in the apical windows pre- and post-percutaneous coronary intervention have reduced myocardial infarction size, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging at 72 h following presentation, and have been associated with better left ventricular systolic function at 6 month follow-up. Sonothrombolysis has potential for improving early epicardial coronary artery patency and reduce left ventricular remodeling when added to current interventional strategies in STEMI.

2.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(9): 1075-1085, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac shock-wave therapy (CSWT) has been demonstrated as an option for the treatment of patients with refractory angina (RA), promoting immediate vasodilatory effects and, in the long-term, neoangiogenic effects that would be responsible for reducing the myocardial ischemic load. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of CSWT on myocardial blood flow reserve (MBFR) assessed by quantitative real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography in patients with RA. METHODS: Fifteen patients (mean age 61.5 ± 12.8 years) with RA who underwent CSWT during nine sessions, over 3 months of treatment, were prospectively studied. A total of 32 myocardial segments with ischemia were treated, while another 31 did not receive therapy because of technical limitations. Myocardial perfusion was evaluated at rest and after dipyridamole stress (0.84 mg/kg) before and 6 months after CSWT, using quantitative real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography. Clinical effects were evaluated using Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading of angina and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire. RESULTS: The ischemic segments treated with CSWT had increased MBFR (from 1.33 ± 0.22 to 1.74 ± 0.29, P < .001), a benefit that was not observed in untreated ischemic segments (1.51 ± 0.29 vs 1.54 ± 0.28, P = .47). Patients demonstrated increased global MBFR (from 1.78 ± 0.54 to 1.89 ± 0.49, P = .017). Semiquantitative single-photon emission computed tomographic analysis of the treated ischemic segments revealed a score reduction from 2.10 ± 0.87 to 1.68 ± 1.19 (P = .024). There was improvement in Canadian Cardiovascular Society score (from 3.20 ± 0.56 to 1.93 ± 0.70, P < .05) and in Seattle Angina Questionnaire score (from 42.3 ± 12.99 to 71.2 ± 14.29, P < .05). No major cardiovascular events were recorded during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: CSWT improved MBFR in ischemic segments, as demonstrated by quantitative real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography. These results suggest that CSWT has the potential to increase myocardial blood flow, with an impact on symptoms and quality of life in patients with RA.

3.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(5): e008353, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088148

RESUMO

Background Few data exist on the degree of interstitial myocardial fibrosis in patients with classical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG-AS) and its association with left ventricular flow reserve (FR) on dobutamine stress echocardiography. This study sought to evaluate the diffuse interstitial fibrosis measured by T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance technique in LFLG-AS patients with and without FR. Methods Prospective study including 65 consecutive patients (41 LFLG-AS [mean age, 67.1±8.4 years; 83% men] and 24 high-gradient aortic stenosis used as controls) undergoing dobutamine stress echocardiography to assess FR and cardiac magnetic resonance to determine the extracellular volume (ECV) fraction of the myocardium, indexed ECV (iECV) to body surface area and late gadolinium enhancement. Results Interstitial myocardial fibrosis measured by iECV was higher in patients with LFLG-AS with and without FR as compared with high-gradient aortic stenosis (35.25±9.75 versus 32.93±11.00 versus 21.19±6.47 mL/m2, respectively; P<0.001). However, both ECV and iECV levels were similar between LFLG-AS patients with and without FR ( P=0.950 and P=0.701, respectively). Also, FR did not correlate significantly with ECV (r=-0.16, P=0.31) or iECV (r=0.11, P=0.51). Late gadolinium enhancement mass was also similar in patients with versus without FR but lower in high-gradient aortic stenosis (13.3±10.2 versus 10.5±7.5 versus 4.8±5.9 g, respectively; P=0.018). Conclusions Patients with LFLG-AS have higher ECV, iECV, and late gadolinium enhancement mass compared with high-gradient aortic stenosis. Moreover, among patients with LFLG-AS, the degree of myocardial fibrosis was similar in patients with versus those without FR. These findings suggest that diffuse myocardial fibrosis may not be the main factor responsible for the absence of FR in LFLG-AS patients.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(22): 2832-2842, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies have demonstrated that high mechanical index (MI) impulses from a diagnostic ultrasound transducer during an intravenous microbubble infusion (sonothrombolysis) can restore epicardial and microvascular flow in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). OBJECTIVES: This study tested the clinical effectiveness of sonothrombolysis in patients with STEMI. METHODS: Patients with their first STEMI were prospectively randomized to either diagnostic ultrasound-guided high MI impulses during an intravenous Definity (Lantheus Medical Imaging, North Billerica, Massachusetts) infusion before, and following, emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or to a control group that received PCI only (n = 50 in each group). A reference first STEMI group (n = 203) who arrived outside the randomization window was also analyzed. Angiographic recanalization before PCI, ST-segment resolution, infarct size by magnetic resonance imaging, and systolic function (LVEF) at 6 months were compared. RESULTS: ST-segment resolution occurred in 16 (32%) high MI PCI versus 2 (4%) PCI-only patients before PCI, and angiographic recanalization was 48% in high MI/PCI versus 20% in PCI only and 21% in the reference group (p < 0.001). Infarct size was reduced (29 ± 22 g high MI/PCI vs. 40 ± 20 g PCI only; p = 0.026). LVEF was not different between groups before treatment (44 ± 11% vs. 43 ± 10%), but increased immediately after PCI in the high MI/PCI group (p = 0.03), and remained higher at 6 months (p = 0.015). Need for implantable defibrillator (LVEF ≤30%) was reduced in the high MI/PCI group (5% vs. 18% PCI only; p = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Sonothrombolysis added to PCI improves recanalization rates and reduces infarct size, resulting in sustained improvements in systolic function after STEMI. (Therapeutic Use of Ultrasound in Acute Coronary Artery Disease; NCT02410330).

5.
Echocardiography ; 35(10): 1564-1570, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29962073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac shockwave therapy (CSWT) is a new potential option for the treatment of patients with chronic coronary disease and refractory angina (RA). We aimed to study the effects of CSWT on left ventricular myocardial perfusion and mechanics in patients with RA. METHOD: We prospectively studied 19 patients who underwent CSWT. Left ventricular mechanics were evaluated by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), and myocardial perfusion by single-photon emission computed tomography, using stress/rest-Technetium-99 m Sestamibi, for determination of summed stress score (SSS). Canadian Cardiac Society (CCS), New York Heart Association (NYHA), and quality of life by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) were assessed at baseline and 6 months after therapy. RESULTS: CSWT therapy was applied without major side effects. At baseline, 18 patients (94.7%) had CCS class III or IV, and after CSWT there was reduction to 3 (15.8%), P = .0001, associated with improvement in SAQ (38.5%; P < .001). Thirteen (68.4%) had class NYHA III or IV before treatment, with significant reduction to 7 (36.8%); P = .014. No change was observed in the global SSS from baseline to 6-month follow-up (15.33 ± 8.60 vs 16.60 ± 8.06; P = .157). However, there was a significant reduction in the average SSS of the treated ischemic segments (2.1 ± 0.87 pre vs 1.6 ± 1.19 post CSWT; P = .024). Global longitudinal strain by STE remained unaltered (-13.03 ± 8.96 pre vs -15.88 ± 3.43 6-month post CSWT; P = .256). CONCLUSION: CSWT is a safe procedure for the treatment of patients with RA that results in better quality of life, improvement in myocardial perfusion of the treated segments with preservation of left ventricular mechanics.

6.
Echocardiography ; 35(9): 1342-1350, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of predictors of mitral valve (MV) repair results is important for quality improvement in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MV morphological quantification by three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography and mitral repair results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with MV prolapse who were submitted to surgical repair were divided into 2 groups according to their postoperative mitral regurgitation (MR) degree (group 1, grade 0-I MR; group 2, ≥grade II MR). Morphological parameters related to the mitral ring, dimension of leaflets and prolapse, coaptation line, distance from papillary muscles to the leaflet border and valve angles were analyzed by 3D MV quantification. Cardiac remodeling and MR quantitative parameters were also evaluated. RESULTS: There was no correlation between 3D MV quantification and surgical results; a multivariate analysis did not show an association between morphological parameters and surgical outcome. The distance from the posteromedial papillary muscle to the leaflet border was higher (P = .038) in patients with ≥grade II postoperative MR. The left atrial diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were larger in patients with a significant residual MR (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional MV quantification did not predict the postoperative MR grade; however, the distance from the posteromedial papillary muscles to the leaflet border may be related to suboptimal repair results. Furthermore, excessive cardiac remodeling was related to postoperative MR ≥ grade II, what could suggest a potential benefit of early surgical treatment.

8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3 Supl 1): 1-104, 2017 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044300
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(1): 23-29, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28678927

RESUMO

Background: Estimative of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a major indication for echocardiography. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) allows analysis of LV contraction mechanics which includes global longitudinal strain (GLS) and twist/torsion, both the most widely used. Direct comparison of correlations between these novel parameters and LVEF has never been done before. Objective: This study aims to check which one has the highest correlation with LVEF. Methods: Patients with normal LVEF (> 0,55) and systolic dysfunction (LVEF <0,55) were prospectively enrolled, and underwent echocardiogram with STE analysis. Correlation of variables was performed by linear regression analysis. In addition, correlation among levels of LV systolic impairment was also tested. Results: A total of 131 patients were included (mean age, 46 ± 14y; 43%, men). LVEF and GLS showed a strong correlation (r = 0.95; r2 = 0.89; p < 0.001), more evident in groups with LV systolic dysfunction than those with preserved LVEF. Good correlation was also found with global longitudinal strain rate (r = 0.85; r2 = 0.73; p < 0.001). Comparing to GLS, correlation of LVEF and torsional mechanics was weaker: twist (r = 0.78; r2 = 0.60; p < 0.001); torsion (r = 0.75; r2 = 0.56; p < 0.001). Conclusion: GLS of the left ventricle have highly strong positive correlation with the classical parameter of ejection fraction, especially in cases with LV systolic impairment. Longitudinal strain rate also demonstrated a good correlation. GLS increments analysis of LV systolic function. On the other hand, although being a cornerstone of LV mechanics, twist and torsion have a weaker correlation with LV ejection, comparing to GLS.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Anormalidade Torcional/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
PLoS One ; 12(4): e0176412, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28448588

RESUMO

Cell therapy repair strategies using adult mesenchymal stromal cells have shown promising evidence to prevent cardiac deterioration in rodents even in the absence of robust differentiation of the cells into cardiomyocytes. We tested whether increasing doses of porcine adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (pASCs) increase cardiac tissue perfusion in pigs post-myocardial infarction (MI) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitors) and Beta-blockers similarly to patients. Female pigs were subjected to MI induction by sponge permanent occlusion of left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) generating approximately 10% of injured LV area with minimum hemodynamic impact. We assessed tissue perfusion by real time myocardial perfusion echocardiography (RTMPE) using commercial microbubbles before and following pASCs treatment. Four weeks after the occlusion of the left circumflex artery, we transplanted placebo or pASCs (1, 2 and 4x106 cells/Kg BW) into the myocardium. The highest dose of pASCs increased myocardial vessel number and blood flow in the border (56% and 3.7-fold, respectively) and in the remote area (54% and 3.9-fold, respectively) while the non-perfused scar area decreased (up to 38%). We also found an increase of immature collagen fibers, although the increase in total tissue collagen and types I and III was similar in all groups. Our results provide evidence that pASCs-induced stimulation of tissue perfusion and accumulation of immature collagen fibers attenuates adverse remodeling post-MI beyond the normal beneficial effects associated with ACE inhibition and beta-blockade.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Circulação Coronária/efeitos dos fármacos , Enalaprilato/farmacologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Metoprolol/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Suínos , Transplante Homólogo , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
PLoS One ; 12(2): e0172280, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prognostic value of qualitative and quantitative analysis obtained by real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography (RTMPE) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Quantification of myocardial blood flow reserve (MBFR) in patients with CAD using RTMPE has been demonstrated to further improve accuracy over the analysis of wall motion (WM) and qualitative analysis of myocardial perfusion (QMP). METHODS: From March 2003 to December 2008, we prospectively studied 168 patients with normal left ventricular function (LVF) who underwent dobutamine stress RTMPE. The replenishment velocity reserve (ß) and MBFR were derived from RTMPE. Acute coronary events were: cardiac death, myocardial infarction and unstable angina with need for urgent coronary revascularization. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 34 months (5 days to 6.9 years), 17 acute coronary events occurred. Abnormal ß reserve in ≥2 coronary territories was the only independent predictor of events hazard ratio (HR) = 21, 95% CI = 4.5-99; p<0.001). Both, abnormal ß reserve and MBFR added significant incremental value in predicting events over qualitative analysis of WM and MP (χ2 = 6.6 and χ2 = 24.6, respectively; p = 0.001 and χ2 = 6.6 and χ2 = 15.5, respectively; p = 0.012, respectively). When coronary angiographic data was added to the multivariate analysis model, ß reserve remained the only predictor of events with HR of 21.0 (95% CI = 4.5-99); p<0.001. CONCLUSION: Quantitative dobutamine stress RTMPE provides incremental prognostic information over clinical variables, qualitative analysis of WM and MP, and coronary angiography in predicting acute coronary events.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Dobutamina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
12.
J Echocardiogr ; 15(1): 6-12, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27450558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) is highly endemic in Latin America, and has been emerging in developed countries. Early diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, routinely done by echocardiography, is crucial for therapy. Speckle tracking echocardiography allows determination of LV segmental rotations, twist/torsion, and this analysis may disclose an unapparent myocardial contractile deficit in initial stages of CD. Therefore, this study aimed to highlight a possible unapparent myocardial contractile deficit in CD indeterminate form (IF) by a comprehensive torsional mechanics analysis. METHODS: Patients with CDIF diagnosis, initial chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCMP characterized by ECG abnormalities and LVEF > 0.55), and normal controls were prospectively enrolled, and underwent conventional echocardiogram with images acquisition for STE offline analysis. Target parameters were basal and apical rotations, and calculation of twist and torsion. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients were included (CDIF, eight; CCMP, 13; and 21 controls). Chagasic patients had a mean age of 55 years, five (24 %) men, and controls, 50 years, seven (33 %) men. Torsional mechanics analyzes resulted in no significant difference in all parameters studied between groups. Twist in CDIF was 20.8° ± 6.5°; CCMP, 19.0° ± 3.5° and controls, 19.7° ± 3.7° (p = 0.67). Torsion in CDIF was 2.6° ± 0.8°; CCMP, 2.4° ± 0.6° and controls, 2.4° ± 0.5° (p = 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with Chagas disease have no abnormalities in torsional mechanics during its indeterminate and initial cardiomyopathy stages.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
14.
Echocardiography ; 33(11): 1656-1664, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27480291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of proximal side branches on the patency of the internal thoracic artery (ITA) is controversial. We used echocardiography and Doppler to verify the effect of ligation of branches on the flow and coronary flow reserve (CFR) of the grafted ITA in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We prospectively investigated 53 patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF >50%) who underwent CABG of the ITA. In Group I (25 patients), major branches were ligated during ITA anastomosis to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, whereas no ligation was performed in Group II (28 patients). Systolic flow (SF), diastolic flow (DF), and total flow (TF = SF + DF) were measured by Doppler echocardiography at the proximal level of the ITA preoperatively, at early postoperative stage, and 6 months after surgery. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed at 6 months to determine CFR. RESULTS: The ITA flow was predominantly systolic before surgery and diastolic in the postoperative period. We found no differences between the groups in DF. On DSE, SF (19.5±9 mL/min vs 32.7±19 mL/min; P=.003) and TF (79±21 mL/min vs 101±47 mL/min; P=.037) were higher in Group II. There were no differences in CFR (1.9±0.46 vs 2.11±0.56; P=.143). CONCLUSION: In patients with preserved LVEF, ligation of major side branches during anastomosis to the LAD does not alter ITA flow or CFR.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Artéria Torácica Interna/cirurgia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Ligadura , Masculino , Artéria Torácica Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Torácica Interna/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
15.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 14(1): 20, 2016 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27229468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) is a frequent cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (CMP) in developing countries, leading to clinical heart failure and worse prognosis. Therefore, the development and evolution of this CMP has always been a major topic in numbers of previous studies. A comprehensive echocardiographic study of left ventricular (LV) mechanics, fully assessing myocardial contraction, has never been done before. This could help characterize and improve the understanding of the evolution of this prevalent CMP. METHODS: A total of 47 chagasic and 84 control patients were included in this study and allocated in groups according to LV ejection fraction. 2D-Echocardiogram was acquired for LV mechanics analysis by speckle tracking echocardiography. RESULTS: Mean age of chagasic individuals was 55y and 16 (34 %) were men. Significant difference was found in global longitudinal velocity analysis, with lower values in indeterminate form. In the group with severe systolic dysfunction, a paradoxical increase in longitudinal and apical radial displacements were demonstrated. In parallel, segmental analyzes highlighted lower values of radial displacement, strain and strain rate into inferior and inferolateral walls, with increase of these values in septal and anterior walls. CONCLUSION: Chagasic CMP has a vicarious pattern of contraction in the course of its evolution, defined by reduced displacement and strain into inferior and posterior walls with paradoxical increase in septal and anterior segments. Also, lower longitudinal velocities were demonstrated in CD indeterminate form, which may indicate an incipient myocardial injury.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 67(21): 2506-15, 2016 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27230046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical trials have demonstrated that, during intravenous microbubble infusion, high mechanical index (HMI) impulses from a diagnostic ultrasound (DUS) transducer might restore epicardial and microvascular flow in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the safety and efficacy of this adjunctive approach in humans. METHODS: From May 2014 through September 2015, patients arriving with their first STEMI were randomized to either DUS intermittent HMI impulses (n = 20) just prior to emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and for an additional 30 min post-PCI (HMI + PCI), or low mechanical index (LMI) imaging only (n = 10) for perfusion assessments before and after PCI (LMI + PCI). All studies were conducted during an intravenous perflutren lipid microsphere infusion. A control reference group (n = 70) arrived outside of the time window of ultrasound availability and received emergent PCI alone (PCI only). Initial epicardial recanalization rates prior to emergent PCI and improvements in microvascular flow were compared between ultrasound-treated groups. RESULTS: Median door-to-dilation times were 82 ± 26 min in the LMI + PCI group, 72 ± 15 min in the HMI + PCI group, and 103 ± 42 min in the PCI-only group (p = NS). Angiographic recanalization prior to PCI was seen in 12 of 20 HMI + PCI patients (60%) compared with 10% of LMI + PCI and 23% of PCI-only patients (p = 0.002). There were no differences in microvascular obstructed segments prior to treatment, but there were significantly smaller proportions of obstructed segments in the HMI + PCI group at 1 month (p = 0.001) and significant improvements in left ventricular ejection fraction (p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: HMI impulses from a diagnostic transducer, combined with a commercial microbubble infusion, can prevent microvascular obstruction and improve functional outcome when added to the contemporary PCI management of acute STEMI. (Therapeutic Use of Ultrasound in Acute Coronary Artery Disease; NCT02410330).


Assuntos
Trombólise Mecânica/métodos , Microbolhas , Microcirculação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Circulação Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Volume Sistólico
17.
Echocardiography ; 33(5): 806, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27145969
20.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 13: 23, 2015 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25933602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cardiac masses is still challenging by echocardiography and distinguishing tumors from thrombi has important therapeutical implications. We sought to determine the diagnostic value of real-time perfusion echocardiography (RTPE) for cardiac masses characterization. METHODS: We prospectively studied 86 patients, 23 with malignant tumors (MT), 26 with benign tumors (BT), 33 with thrombi and 6 with pseudotumors who underwent RTPE. Mass perfusion was analyzed qualitatively and blood flow volume (A), blood flow velocity (ß), and microvascular blood flow (A x ß) were determined by quantitative RTPE. RESULTS: Logistic regression models showed that the probability of having a tumor increased by 15.8 times with a peripheral qualitative perfusion pattern, and 34.5 times with a central perfusion pattern, in comparison with the absence of perfusion. Using quantitative RTPE analysis, thrombi group had parameters of blood flow lower than tumor group. A values for thrombi, MT, and BT were 0.1 dB (0.01-0.22), 2.78 dB (1-7) and 2.58 dB (1.44-5), respectively; p < 0.05, while A x ß values were 0.0 dB/s(-1) (0.01-0.14), 2.00 dB/s(-1) (1-6), and 1.18 dB/s(-1) (0.52-3), respectively; p < 0.05. At peak dipyridamole stress, MT had greater microvascular blood volume than BT [A = 4.18 dB (2.14-7.93) versus A = 2.04 dB (1.09-3.55); p < 0.05], but no difference in blood flow [Axß = 2.46 dB/s(-1) (1.42-4.59) versus Axß = 1.55 dB/s [1] (0.51-4.08); p = NS]. An A value >3.28 dB at peak dipyridamole stress predicted MT (AUC = 0.75) and conferred 5.8-times higher chance of being MT rather than BT. CONCLUSION: RTPE demonstrated that cardiac tumors have greater microvascular blood volume and regional blood flow when compared with thrombi. Dipyridamole stress was useful in differentiating MT from BT.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Sistemas de Computação , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Neoplasias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Trombose/fisiopatologia
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