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1.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(1): 98-101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439892

RESUMO

Background: With rising trends in research and scientific writing, various ethical organizations have been vigilant over developing rigorous authorship criteria. There may be times, when authors tend to publish more due to their seniority or previously earned credit for former publications, proving the existence of Matthew effect in scientific research. It indicates that the majority of publications in a field are contributed by smaller number of authors. It was hypothesized that the Matthew effect may be still applicable for scientific work published by Indian pediatric dentists in the official Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry (JISPPD) from 2015 to 2019. Methodology: To assess the number of times each author has published in the official Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, we downloaded all issues for the 5-year period from the journal website. Full names of all authors were entered year-wise in Microsoft Excel 2007 and descriptive statistics were used for finding out contribution percentages. Results: A total of 372 papers were published during the study period by 1148 authors. About 82% had at least one publication, followed by 12% publishing at least two papers; only 1% of the total authors had contributed to more than five publications. The result showed the absence of Matthew effect for publications in the JISPPD. Conclusion: The final results of the study did not show any presence of Matthew effect among authorship in the JISPPD.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Criança , Humanos
2.
Dent Traumatol ; 2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: A crown-root fracture is a fracture of both the crown and the root of a tooth. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (2020) guidelines recommended fragment reattachment and stabilization of loose fragments as an immediate management protocol for uncomplicated crown-root fractures. However, the lack of evidence and unpredictability make it a less popular treatment option. The aim of this study was to compare three protocols of fragment reattachment for the management of teeth with crown-root fractures. METHODOLOGY: Eighty mandibular bovine incisors with similar dimensions and no structural deformities were selected and randomized into four groups: Group I (Control/sound teeth); Group II (no rehydration); Group III (rehydration in distilled water for 15 min) and Group IV (rehydration in a humidification chamber for 15 min). A fracture was simulated to extend from the labial side of the middle-third of the crown to the palatal side of the cervical-third of the root. Fragments were exposed to the environment under normal temperature and pressure. Fragments were later reattached as per the standard protocol following the rehydration as specified for each group. Samples were subjected to thermocycling, and the force required to fracture them was evaluated by using a universal testing machine. RESULTS: The highest mean force required to fracture was seen in Group IV (208.27 ± 75.99 N) followed by Group III (182.01 ± 90.13 N) and Group II (158.85 ± 68.04 N). These differences were statistically significant. Comparison of the mean difference of force required to fracture between pairs of groups revealed statistically significant mean differences only between the controls and each experimental group. CONCLUSION: The force required to fracture the reattached fragments in teeth with crown-root fractures was affected by rehydration of the fragments. The force was higher in fragments reattached after rehydration, and the highest force was required in the teeth that had been rehydrated in a humidification chamber.

3.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-4, 2022 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311426

RESUMO

With an increased number of questionnaire-based knowledge, attitude, practice and other types of studies, there is a need to perform evidence-based research in such designs as well. The systematic reviews (SR) and meta-analyses (MA) of the questionnaire-based studies are difficult to conduct and summarise due to the wide variations in the questions included in each of them. The presentation of these reviews often leads to ambiguous conclusions, and meta-analysis is not possible due to wide heterogeneity. This paper aims to highlight a method known as the 'Knowledge-Attitude-Practice' or 'KAP' Heat Map, which was developed and validated for the effective presentation of the outcomes of varied questionnaires in systematic reviews.

4.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2022 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulpotomy is an effective, vital pulp therapy procedure for caries-affected or traumatized primary teeth. Though its efficacy is widely accepted, the superiority of medicaments and techniques remains debatable. AIM: The aims of this review were to compare the success rates of various pulpotomy medicaments or techniques, assess the methodological quality of reviews, and grade the level of evidence for each comparison. DESIGN: This review followed the principles of evidence-based medicine and recommendations for the overview of systematic reviews. An a priori protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; CRD42021244489). A comprehensive literature search was performed by two reviewers, and studies were selected from various databases according to predefined criteria. Two reviewers independently used a self-designed pilot-tested form to extract data from the selected studies. A quality analysis was performed using A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews-2 (AMSTAR-2) and the ROBIS tool. Reporting characteristics and overlap of the primary studies were also assessed. We used modified Köhler's criteria for evaluating the quality of evidence for outcomes of included systematic reviews and meta-analyses. RESULTS: The scrutiny of 62 full-text articles resulted in the inclusion of eight systematic reviews. The quality of four of the reviews was found to be critically low, and the overlap of primary studies in the meta-analyses was found to be high. Pulpotomy medicaments/techniques, except calcium hydroxide, had success rates of more than 80% for all domains and time periods. Most of the comparisons revealed no differences in the clinical, radiographic, or overall success rates. Mineral trioxide aggregate, however, was found to have better radiographic and overall success rates than calcium hydroxide at periods greater than 12 and 18 months. It also had a greater radiographic success rate than full-strength/1:5 diluted and full-strength formocresol at 24 months. Formocresol was found to have better overall success rates than calcium hydroxide at all time periods and better radiographic success rates at 12 months. Only 12 of the 63 comparisons had suggestive or weak evidence, whereas all others had either negligible evidence or insufficient data. CONCLUSIONS: The pulpotomy medicaments/techniques, except calcium hydroxide, showed success rates of more than 80%, whereas most comparisons revealed no differences. Mineral trioxide aggregate, however, was found to be better than calcium hydroxide and formocresol in several respects. This study highlights the lack of evidence regarding the choice of pulpotomy agents for the treatment of caries-affected primary teeth and elucidates the domains that require primary studies in the future.

5.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 10556656221080359, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179403

RESUMO

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the maxillary sinus characteristics of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP).The study included manuscripts which met the following criteria: (1) study of individuals with CLP in any age group or gender and (2) study of individuals in whom assessment of maxillary sinus characteristics had been done by cone-beam computed tomography. Studies with (1) individuals having special health-care needs and (2) individuals with any syndrome affecting the development of the head and neck were excluded.In total, 11 articles were included in the review, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pooled maxillary sinus volume (MSV) on the cleft sides of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) was found to be 9433.14 mm3 (95% CI, 7453.99-11 412.30), which was significantly smaller than that of controls. The meta-analyses also revealed significantly reduced MSV on the cleft sides of patients with UCLP. The differences between cleft and noncleft sides of the patients with UCLP were not found to be statistically significant. Strength-of-evidence was found to be moderate in 4 characteristics, along with 10 out of 11 articles showing low risk-of-bias.It was concluded that MSV was reduced and mucosal thickening was increased/present in patients with CLP as compared with controls. The differences between MSV of cleft and noncleft sides of the patients with UCLP could not be established. However, heterogeneity was found in terms of sample size, stratification of samples by age, and evaluation of some confounding factors.

6.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 216: 106675, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35152164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, there are no reporting guidelines for design, conduct and reporting of Finite Element studies in health sciences. We intend to propose specific and detailed guidelines for reporting these studies. METHOD: After recognizing the need to have uniform guidelines for reporting of finite element analysis in medicine and dentistry, a group of 5 researchers working on FEA as their research area met in the summer of 2020 and drafted the methodology for the development of such guidelines. Each researcher individually made a list of major headings required for reporting these studies and met again in September 2020 to finalize the domains. Subsequently, sub headings and details were charted. The draft list of items for reporting the guidelines were presented to a larger team of 15 experts and some changes were further made based on their inputs. RESULTS: The guidelines entail seven major domains and their sub-domains, including parameters for model structure, segmentation, mesh structure, force application and model validation, etc. This checklist aims to improvise the reporting and consistency of FEA studies. CONCLUSION: We hope that the usage and adoption of these guidelines by the scientific community would result in more thoughtful and uniform documentation. Also, the confidence in the results would be enhanced through model reproducibility, reusability and accountability. The proposed guidelines were named as 'Reporting of in-silico studies using finite element analysis in medicine' and the term 'RIFEM' was used as acronym.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Medicina , Documentação , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Dent Traumatol ; 38(3): 175-184, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The journal Dental Traumatology (DT) is one of the best resources in the field of dental traumatology. It has always encouraged publication of case reports of good quality. The CARE statement (2011) was developed for uniform and transparent reporting of cases in medical sciences. Since case reports are inseparable from the DT literature, the aim of this bibliometric-analysis was to evaluate the case reports published in the DT in the last two decades (2001-2021) and assess their compliance regarding CARE guidelines for elucidating the trends in DT and the reporting quality of these papers. METHODOLOGY: Two authors independently observed the tables of contents in all issues of DT from 2002-2021 and identified case reports. Selected articles were scrutinized to determine their eligibility. Data extraction was performed, case reports were segregated into domains, and their CARE compliance was evaluated by using a self-designed-validated method. Differences between the case reports published in two decades (2002-2011 and 2012-2021) were analysed with the Chi-square test. RESULTS: A total of 1612 articles published between February 2002 and October 2021 were scrutinized to identify 357 case reports with 277 from the period of 2002-2011 and 80 between 2012 and 2021. The highest number of case reports originated from Asia (2002-2011:135, 2012-2021:28). The CARE compliances of the majority of reports in the decade of 2002-2011 were between 75 and 85% (good) while the CARE compliances of the majority of reports from 2012-2021 were between 85 and 95% (very good) or >95% (excellent). These differences were statistically significant (p < .005). CONCLUSIONS: The number of case reports published in the decade of 2002-2011 were more than three times the number of case reports published in the decade of 2012-2021. The highest number of reports in both decades were from Asia and belonged to the therapeutic and prognostic domains. The CARE compliances of the reports in the decade of 2012-2021 were better than those from 2002-2011.


Assuntos
Traumatologia , Bibliometria , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
8.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(1): e2142210, 2022 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994793

RESUMO

Importance: A surge of COVID-19 occurred from March to June 2021, in New Delhi, India, linked to the B.1.617.2 (Delta) variant of SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 vaccines were rolled out for health care workers (HCWs) starting in January 2021. Objective: To assess the incidence density of reinfection among a cohort of HCWs and estimate the effectiveness of the inactivated whole virion vaccine BBV152 against reinfection. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective cohort study among HCWs working at a tertiary care center in New Delhi, India. Exposures: Vaccination with 0, 1, or 2 doses of BBV152. Main Outcomes and Measures: The HCWs were categorized as fully vaccinated (with 2 doses and ≥15 days after the second dose), partially vaccinated (with 1 dose or 2 doses with <15 days after the second dose), or unvaccinated. The incidence density of COVID-19 reinfection per 100 person-years was computed, and events from March 3, 2020, to June 18, 2021, were included for analysis. Unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model. Estimated vaccine effectiveness (1 - adjusted HR) was reported. Results: Among 15 244 HCWs who participated in the study, 4978 (32.7%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. The mean (SD) age was 36.6 (10.3) years, and 55.0% were male. The reinfection incidence density was 7.26 (95% CI: 6.09-8.66) per 100 person-years (124 HCWs [2.5%], total person follow-up period of 1696 person-years as time at risk). Fully vaccinated HCWs had lower risk of reinfection (HR, 0.14 [95% CI, 0.08-0.23]), symptomatic reinfection (HR, 0.13 [95% CI, 0.07-0.24]), and asymptomatic reinfection (HR, 0.16 [95% CI, 0.05-0.53]) compared with unvaccinated HCWs. Accordingly, among the 3 vaccine categories, reinfection was observed in 60 of 472 (12.7%) of unvaccinated (incidence density, 18.05 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, 14.02-23.25), 39 of 356 (11.0%) of partially vaccinated (incidence density 15.62 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, 11.42-21.38), and 17 of 1089 (1.6%) fully vaccinated (incidence density 2.18 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, 1.35-3.51) HCWs. The estimated effectiveness of BBV152 against reinfection was 86% (95% CI, 77%-92%); symptomatic reinfection, 87% (95% CI, 76%-93%); and asymptomatic reinfection, 84% (95% CI, 47%-95%) among fully vaccinated HCWs. Partial vaccination was not associated with reduced risk of reinfection. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that BBV152 was associated with protection against both symptomatic and asymptomatic reinfection in HCWs after a complete vaccination schedule, when the predominant circulating variant was B.1.617.2.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Reinfecção , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , COVID-19/etiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem , Vírion/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0261881, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of instructions regarding the ethical requirements given to authors in various Pediatric Dental Journals. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 'instructions for authors,' for analysis of guidelines on ethical processes, was done. Instructions to authors in journals of pediatric dentistry across the globe were reviewed for guidelines with regards to fourteen key ethical issues. Descriptive statistics were used, and results were expressed in percentages as well as numbers. RESULTS: Of the 18journals of pediatric dentistry, all 14 ethical issues were covered by the instructions to authors in only three journals with only 50% of these providing clarity about authorship using ICMJE guidelines. Furthermore, COI declaration was found to be present as mandatory in about 44% of the journals. 38.9% of the sampled journals mentioned guidelines on research misconduct, publication issues such as plagiarism, overlapping/fragmented publications, and availability of raw research data from authors. Guidelines on handling of complaints about editorial team was provided to authors by slightly over 33% of the selected pediatric dentistry titles while handling of complaints about authors and reviewers were mentioned in 16.7%and 55.6% of the journals respectively. CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of Journals of Pediatric Dentistry did not provide adequate instructions to authors regarding ethical issues.


Assuntos
Autoria , Políticas Editoriais , Ética em Pesquisa , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Odontopediatria , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Plágio
10.
Dent Traumatol ; 38(1): 71-76, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crown fractures restored by fragment reattachment are liable to re-fracture, which may cause fragment dislodgement. There is a paucity of literature regarding management of fragment reattachment cases following a further fracture. Hence the aim of the present in-vitro study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of three different management protocols for such scenarios. METHODOLOGY: Eighty maxillary bovine incisors without structural deformity and with similar dimensions were fractured as per the standard protocol. They were subjected to drying for 24 hours and the fragments were rehydrated by placing them in a humidification chamber for 15 minutes. They were then reattached by using flowable light-cured composite resin. The teeth (n=20) were fractured again by fixing them in a mechanical frame and using a mallet. They were randomly allocated to three experimental groups. (Group I mechanical abrasion and fragment reattachment, Group II mechanical abrasion, humidification and reattachment, Group III mechanical abrasion and composite restoration, and Group IV positive control with no re-fracture). The samples were thermocycled and the force required to fracture was tested by using a universal testing machine (Instron-3360, USA). This was done by applying a tangential load with a speed of 1 mm/min to the teeth with a 500-kg load cell. Statistical analysis of the results was performed using ANOVA and the independent t-test. RESULTS: The highest force required to fracture was reported in Group IV (333.26 ± 66.69N) while the lowest was in Group II (254.86 ± 105.23N). The forces in Group I and Group II were 258.36 ± 65.78N and 298.02 ± 97.94N, respectively (p=0.016, F=3.68). The independent t-test between the groups revealed a significant difference between Group I and Group IV (p= 0.001) and Group II and Group IV (p=0.009). CONCLUSION: The force required to fracture was significantly lower in the groups involving attachment of the re-fractured fragments. Among the experimental groups, the group with composite restoration required the highest force to fracture.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Coroas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Coroa do Dente
11.
Indian J Pediatr ; 89(4): 327-332, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of developmental dental anomalies, like microdontia, hypodontia, abnormally shaped teeth (AST), and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) in childhood cancer survivors and compare it with the healthy controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 2 groups: childhood cancer survivors (CCS) group including children (> 12 y, m/f) who had undergone anticancer therapy (ACT) before 8 y of age and healthy control group (> 12 y, m/f) without any systemic disease. Pearson chi-square test was used to analyze the difference between the CCS group and the control group for microdontia, hypodontia, AST, DDE and for intragroup analysis in CCS group. Odds ratio was also calculated. RESULTS: A total of 120 and 121 children were included in CCS and control group, respectively. The prevalence of microdontia, hypodontia, abnormally shaped teeth, and DDE was 17.5% (21), 5% (6), 8.33% (10), and 37.5% (45), respectively in CCS group. It was 8.2% (10), 2.5% (3), 1.65% (2), and 22.3% (27), respectively in the control group. A statistically significant difference was seen in microdontia (p = 0.032), abnormally shaped teeth (p = 0.017) and DDE (p = 0.01). Higher prevalence was seen when ACT began at an early age. CONCLUSION: An association between developmental dental anomalies and anticancer therapy (ACT) exists with significantly higher difference in microdontia, abnormally shaped teeth and DDE among survivors of childhood cancer as compared to healthy population. These known adverse effects of ACT on developing teeth should be considered during treatment planning of the children having cancers.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Anormalidades Dentárias , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dentição , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , Anormalidades Dentárias/epidemiologia
12.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 39(3): 303-309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulpotomy is a vital pulp therapy performed in carious pulp exposures in teeth in which the inflamed coronal pulp is removed and medicament is placed to conserve the vital root pulps. Recently, simvastatin which is a cholesterol-lowering drug has been found to be associated with the pulp regenerative potential. AIM: The aim of this parallel two-arm randomized control trial was to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic efficacy of diode laser (DL) and simvastatin gel (SG) in pulpotomy of carious primary molars. METHODS: Hundred primary molars (in 98 children, 65 males, 33 females with age 4-8 years) requiring pulpotomy were randomized into the DL or SG group. Pulpotomy was performed as per the standardized protocol; thereafter, all teeth were restored with resin modified glass ionomer cement followed by stainless steel crowns. Follow-up evaluations were done at 3 and 12 months using clinical and radiographic criteria. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test at a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: At 12 months, out of 92 teeth available for clinical and radiographic evaluation by blinded evaluators, DL group showed clinical and radiographic success rates of 76.1% and 52.1%, while SG group showed 80.4% and 65.2% success rates, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the efficacy of two techniques clinically (P = 0.49) or radiographically (P = 0.30). CONCLUSIONS: Both SG and DL had similar efficacy for primary tooth pulpotomy, clinically and radiographically after 12 months. Considering its ease of application and low-cost, SG can be recommended as a potential pulpotomy medicament in primary molars.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pulpotomia , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Óxidos , Silicatos , Sinvastatina , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Pediatr Dent ; 43(4): 296-300, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467847

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the individual susceptibility of four different types of OXIS contact areas (open [O], point [X], straight [I], and curved [S]) to approximal caries in children. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using clinical photographs and cone-beam computed tomography images of children, available from January 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015, showing the presence of at least one caries-free contact area between the primary molars. A single calibrated examiner scored 1,102 selected contacts using OXIS criteria from the occlusal view and subsequently evaluated the same contacts with a minimum follow-up period of one year for the presence of approximal caries. Results: Of the 1,102 contacts, 259 (23.5 percent) were found to be carious or restored due to approximal caries. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only the type of contact played a significant role in caries prevalence (P<0.05). The odds ratios of OXIS contacts for the development of approximal caries were: S contact-147.4 (95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals 19.7 to 1101.7); I contact-24.5 (95% CI equals 3.4 to 177.9); X contact-1.1 (95% CI equals 1.0 to 12.5); and O contact-1.00 (reference). Conclusions: Among the OXIS contacts, the S type was most susceptible to approximal caries due to its complex morphology. The broad contact areas, namely, I and S types, are at greater risk for approximal caries in primary molars than O and X contacts.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Fumarato de Formoterol , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
17.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 49(9): 2030-2056, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318403

RESUMO

Designing 3D constructs with appropriate materials and structural frameworks for complex dental restorative/regenerative procedures has always remained a multi-criteria optimization challenge. In this regard, 3D printing has long been known to be a potent tool for various tissue regenerative applications, however, the preparation of biocompatible, biodegradable, and stable inks is yet to be explored and revolutionized for overall performance improvisation. The review reports the currently employed manufacturing processes for the development of engineered self-supporting, easily processable, and cost-effective 3D constructs with target-specific tuneable mechanics, bioactivity, and degradability aspects in the oral cavity for their potential use in numerous dental applications ranging from soft pulp tissues to hard alveolar bone tissues. A hybrid synergistic approach, comprising of development of multi-layered, structurally stable, composite building blocks with desired physicomechanical performance and bioactivity presents an optimal solution to circumvent the major limitations and develop new-age advanced dental restorations and implants. Further, the review summarizes some manufacturing perspectives which may inspire the readers to design appropriate structures for clinical trials so as to pave the way for their routine applications in dentistry in the near future.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Materiais Dentários , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Animais , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Solventes/química
18.
Injury ; 52(8): 2025-2037, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This Systematic Review was conducted to evaluate the global status of the knowledge of prevention and emergency management of traumatic dental injuries among non-dental healthcare professionals (NDHCP). METHODS: The protocol was designed as per PRISMA guidelines and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020192381). A broad-based search using text-words and MeSH terms was performed in established databases as per a predefined strategy without any distinction of language and year of publication. Studies without details of the questionnaire, knowledge score, validity and reliability were excluded. Data extraction was performed and risk of bias assessment was done using the Joanna Briggs Institute's critical appraisal tool and a meta-analysis was performed. RESULTS: The qualitative synthesis included 14 studies between 2009-2020 with nine of them from Asia. Majority of the studies had low risk of bias and reported poor overall level of knowledge. Less than 40% of the NDHCP had received a dental trauma first aid training in six of the 10 studies and majority of the participants (>50%) believed that dental trauma training was required in five studies. Less than 36% of the participants were adequately aware of the correct approach towards management of avulsed permanent tooth in five studies. CONCLUSION: The knowledge of non-dental health care professionals regarding the emergency management of traumatic dental injuries was insufficient or low in the majority of studies and the knowledge about prevention was not evaluated. There was a paucity of studies from the countries of Europe and Australia, with wide variability in the study methods, categories of the participants and questionnaire characteristics.


Assuntos
Avulsão Dentária , Austrália , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 77(Suppl 1): S22-S30, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612928

RESUMO

The changing paradigm of dental education in India has led its way to the development of Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC). This article describes the process of developing CBC in the specialty of Pediatric Dentistry under the initiative of Dental Council of India. Rationale behind CBC development is to bring uniform system of education for improving oral health outcomes of the society in long term. The process of CBC development was a collaborative teamwork, planned meticulously with predefined outline, tasks and timelines. Workflow involved identification of curricular content, defining program goals, outlining competencies, assigning them domains / levels of clinical competence, priority, educational strategies, assessment practices, integration and numbers needed for certification in selected competencies. Early clinical exposure was introduced in CBC. The final content was validated and submitted to the Council. CBC output can be summarized as competencies with fair share of all domains, levels, prioritization and integration. It is characterized by flexibility for choosing educational strategies and assessment practices. It opens up ways for global competition. However, it still has some inherent weaknesses like diverging learning paths, time constraints and number chasing. CBC can further have more academic flexibility and develop toward an outcome-based approach. Faculty preparedness and acceptability shall be the biggest challenges in CBC implementation besides resources' availability, support from leadership and acceptability from our primary stakeholders, our learners. CBC is the beginning of evidence-based delivery of education in dentistry. An effective implementation of CBC in current form would result in increased numbers of competent oral healthcare professionals for the society.

20.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 36(4): 881-887, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is typically caused by defects in ATP6V0A4, ATP6V1B1, and SLC4A1, accounting for 60-80% of patients. Genes recently implicated include FOXI1, ATP6V1C2, and WDR72, of which WDR72 is associated with dental enamel defects. METHODS: We describe 4 patients, from three unrelated consanguineous families, with RTA and amelogenesis imperfecta. Distal tubular acidification was evaluated by furosemide-fludrocortisone test, urine-to-blood PCO2 gradient and fractional excretion of bicarbonate. Exome sequencing was performed using a panel of genes implicated in human disease. RESULTS: Patients had polyuria, hypokalemia, hypercalciuria, and nephrocalcinosis, but metabolic acidosis varied in severity. Although all patients acidified urine to pH < 5.3 during furosemide-fludrocortisone test, urine-to-blood PCO2 gradient was < 20 mmHg during bicarbonate loading. All patients had transient proximal tubular dysfunction with urinary losses of phosphate and beta-2-microglobulin, and generalized aminoaciduria. Homozygous pathogenic truncating variants in WDR72 was detected in all probands. CONCLUSION: Patients with WDR72 mutations show mild rate-dependent distal RTA with variable metabolic acidosis, and intact ability to acidify the urine on provocative testing. Concomitant proximal tubular dysfunction may be present. Mutations in WDR72 should be considered in patients with suspected distal RTA, especially if associated with dental defects.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal , Acidose , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras , Acidose/genética , Acidose Tubular Renal/genética , Bicarbonatos , Variação Biológica da População , Fludrocortisona , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Furosemida , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Mutação , Proteínas , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/genética
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