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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044635

RESUMO

The patient was a 53-year-old man. His chief complaint was a cough and dyspnea on exertion. Computed tomography (CT) showed a 3-cm-diameter tumor in the right upper lobe with invasion from hilar lymph nodes to the superior vena cava, right main bronchus, and pulmonary artery. After being diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer, the patient underwent preoperative induction radiochemotherapy. At surgery, right upper double sleeve lobe lobectomy was performed. The right main pulmonary artery was reconstructed using a pericardial conduit. CT 1 week after surgery showed impaired blood flow in the right pulmonary artery. A metal vascular stent was inserted into the narrow part of the constructed pulmonary artery in the hybrid operating room because thrombectomy was unsuccessful. After surgery, contrast CT showed that blood flow was maintained. The patient is currently well without any recurrence 3 years after surgery.

2.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(10): 6062-6070, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795952

RESUMO

Background: Intercostal nerve damage due to thoracotomy or thoracoscopic manipulation is a major contributor to chronic postsurgical pain after pulmonary resection. Chronic postsurgical pain may last for months or years and can negatively impair physical functioning and daily activities. Global consensus on severe postoperative pain management is lacking, and chronic pain incidence after thoracic surgery remains high. Many patients report neuropathic pain, which can be difficult to treat with currently available therapies. The efficacy and safety of mirogabalin have been demonstrated for other types of neuropathic pain; thus, this study was planned to investigate the efficacy and safety of mirogabalin to treat neuropathic pain after thoracic surgery. Methods: In this multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, interventional study, patients who are diagnosed with neuropathic pain following removal of a chest drain after lung resection will receive conventional therapy (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or acetaminophen) with or without the addition of a clinical dose of mirogabalin for 8 weeks. For patient stratification, a visual analog scale pain intensity score at baseline of <60 vs. ≥60 mm will be used. Treatment efficacy and safety with and without the addition of mirogabalin will be assessed using a questionnaire evaluating postoperative changes in pain severity and activity. The primary study endpoint is the change in pain intensity from baseline to Week 8, measured by the visual analog scale. Additionally, the presence of chronic pain at 12 weeks after enrollment in each treatment group will be recorded. Discussion: This protocol has been reviewed and approved by the Clinical Research Review Board of Nagasaki University. Study data will be published in the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials database and peer-reviewed journals. Mirogabalin is already approved for the treatment of other types of neuropathic pain. It is anticipated that this study will provide data to elucidate the impact of mirogabalin treatment, in combination with conventional therapy, to benefit patients with neuropathic pain following thoracic surgery. Trial Registration: Japan Registry of Clinical Trials Identifier: jRCTs071200053.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cell therapies, such as stem cell suspension injection, are used to treat bronchopleural fistula. Although it is safe and effective, injected cells cannot remain within the bronchioles of the fistula due to cell leakage into the thoracic cavity. Here, we inserted a 'bio plug' into the fistula, produced using cells and a bio-3D printer, to examine the effectiveness of bio plugs for the closure of bronchopleural fistulas, the optimal cell source and the closure mechanism. METHODS: Bio plugs were made with mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells derived from bone marrow (MSCBM), fibroblasts and rat lung micro-vessel endothelial cells using a bio-3D printer with different cell mixing ratios. Six groups, according to the presence or absence and the type of bio plugs, were compared. The plugs were inserted into the bronchi of F344 rats. The obstruction ratio and histological and immunohistochemical findings were evaluated. RESULTS: MSCBM+ rat lung micro-vessel endothelial cell group exhibited a higher obstruction ratio among all groups excluding the MSCBM group (P = 0.039). This group had fibrosis and CD31-positive cells and fewer CD68-positive cells than MSCBM and MSCBM+ fibroblast groups. CONCLUSIONS: Bio plugs with mixed cells, including stem cells, contribute to bronchial closure in the current experimental setting. Endothelial cells effectively maintain the structure in this model. Although bronchial closure for bronchopleural fistula could not be described as clinical conditions were not reproduced, we collected essential data on bronchial closure; however, further experiments are warranted.

4.
J Radiat Res ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738103

RESUMO

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly malignant disease that develops after asbestos exposure. Although the number of MPM cases is predicted to increase, no effective standard therapies have been established. The novel radiosensitizer α-sulfoquinovosyl-acylpropanediol (SQAP) enhances the effects of γ-radiation in human lung and prostate cancer cell lines and in animal models. In this study, we explored the radiosensitizing effect of SQAP and its mechanisms in MPM. The human MPM cell lines MSTO-211H and MESO-4 were implanted subcutaneously into the backs and thoracic cavities of immunodeficient KSN/Slc mice, then 2 mg/kg SQAP was intravenously administered with or without irradiation with a total body dose of 8 Gy. In both the orthotopic and ectopic xenograft murine models, the combination of irradiation plus SQAP delayed the implanted human MSTO-211H tumor growth. The analysis of the changes in the relative tumor volume of the MSTO-211H indicated a statistically significant difference after 8 Gy total body combined with 2 mg/kg SQAP, compared to both the untreated control (P = 0.0127) and the radiation treatment alone (P = 0.0171). After the treatment in each case, immunostaining of the harvested tumors revealed decreased cell proliferation, increased apoptosis and normalization of tumor blood vessels in the SQAP- and irradiation-treated group. Furthermore, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1 mRNA and protein expression were decreased, indicating reoxygenation in this group. In conclusion, SQAP improved hypoxic conditions in tumor tissue and may elicit a radiosensitizing effect in malignant mesothelioma models.

6.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(8)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452225

RESUMO

With the emergence of coronavirus disease-2019, researchers have gained interest in the therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) in acute respiratory distress syndrome; however, the mechanisms of the therapeutic effects of MSCs are unclear. We have previously reported that adipose-derived MSCs (AD-MSCs) strengthen the barrier function of the pulmonary vessels in scaffold-based bioengineered rat lungs. In this study, we evaluated whether AD-MSCs could enhance the intercellular barrier function of lung epithelial cells in vitro using a transwell coculture system. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements revealed that the peak TEER value was significantly higher in the AD-MSC coculture group than in the AD-MSC non-coculture group. Similarly, the permeability coefficient was significantly decreased in the AD-MSC coculture group compared to that in the AD-MSC non-coculture group. Immunostaining of insert membranes showed that zonula occuldens-1 expression was significantly high at cell junctions in the AD-MSC coculture group. Moreover, cell junction-related gene profiling showed that the expression of some claudin genes, including claudin-4, was upregulated in the AD-MSC coculture group. Taken together, these results showed that AD-MSCs enhanced the barrier function between lung epithelial cells, suggesting that both direct adhesion and indirect paracrine effects strengthened the barrier function of lung alveolar epithelium in vitro.

7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(5): 5098-5107, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current use of prophylactic antibiotics for lung cancer surgery requires modification in aging individuals with impaired lung function. A sustained-release formulation of azithromycin (AZM-SR) could help resolve some of these challenges with its sustained antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of AZM-SR in lung cancer surgery as well as its anti-inflammatory effect. METHODS: Fifty patients were included in the study, and AZM-SR was administered 1 day prior to the surgery. The clinical course, including postoperative complications, was monitored, and the concentration of AZM, bacterial culture, and inflammatory cytokine levels of resected lung specimens were evaluated. RESULTS: No side effects related to AZM-SR were observed. Five cases of postoperative pneumonia (10%) were observed; technical issues were involved in 3 cases. All patients recovered well. Four cases showed positive bacterial culture upon lung tissue examination; however, this was not significantly correlated with postoperative complications. A negative correlation was observed between AZM concentration in lung tissue and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic utilization of AZM-SR in lung cancer surgery seems feasible. The anti-inflammatory effect of AZM might contribute additional beneficial effects in the perioperative management of lung cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Azitromicina , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia
8.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 249, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current standard postoperative treatment for stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a regimen of platinum doublet adjuvant chemotherapy. These regimens, which are the same as for solid NSCLC tumors, often cause severe adverse reactions in the treated patients. Therefore, an effective treatment regimen with fewer side effects is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of S-1 monotherapy (80 mg/m2 orally administrated twice daily, at day 1-14, 16 cycles) and cisplatin with vinorelbine combination therapy (cisplatin 80 mg/m2 at day 1,vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 at day 1, 8, 4 cycles) in patients with II/IIIA stage non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent a total resection. In addition, we will also evaluate the level of treatment side effects by assessing quality of life (QOL), work productivity and activity performance. The primary endpoint is a 2-year relapse free survival (RFS) and the second primary endpoints are 2-year overall survival (OS), rate of treatment completion, safety, work productivity and activity, and quality of adjusted life years (QALY). At the same time, we aim to obtain precise information required to perform future phase 3 randomized controlled trials. The study is designed to estimate the primary endpoint with accuracy determined as the width of its 95% confidence interval to be less than 20%. Recruitment started in May 2017 and is ongoing. DISCUSSION: This study has been conceived to establish a superior regimen for completely resected NSCLC based on efficacy, safety and QOL. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registry number: UMIN000027435 . Registered May 22, 2017.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tegafur/efeitos adversos , Vinorelbina/administração & dosagem , Vinorelbina/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Intern Med ; 60(14): 2275-2283, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583885

RESUMO

The trachea is a sporadic origin of paraganglioma. The purpose of the present study was to identify the features of tracheal paraganglioma and reveal the effectiveness of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by reviewing both previous and current cases. In cases of tracheal tumors, we need to consider the bleeding risk associated with a biopsy, as the tumor may be paraganglioma, which is hypervascular. If a biopsy is not available, then CT and MRI can aid in making a pre-operative diagnosis. MRI in particular is useful for long-term observations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Paraganglioma , Neoplasias da Traqueia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraganglioma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Traqueia/cirurgia
10.
In Vivo ; 35(2): 1197-1204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare operative results between venous puncture (P) with real-time ultrasonography vs. cut-down (CD) with preoperative ultrasonography for totally implantable central vein access device (TICVAD) implantation performed by residents (R) vs. senior surgeons (S). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult oncologic patients (n=268) undergoing TICVAD implantations were retrospectively compared between 172 Ps and 96 CDs. Then, we compared Ps performed by R (P-R, n=131) and S (P-S, n=41) and CDs performed by R (CD-R, n=59) and S (CD-S, n=37). RESULTS: Median operation times were 40 min in the P group and 53.5 min in the CD group, and times were significantly shorter for P-S and CD-S. Completion rates were comparable for each method and each surgeon. Intraoperative complication rates were 3.8% (P-R), 2.4% (P-S), and 0% (CD-R and CD-S). CONCLUSION: P with real-time ultrasonography did not avoid complications compared to CD with preoperative ultrasonography. The latter performed safely even by residents.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cirurgiões , Adulto , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora , Humanos , Punções , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Surg Endosc ; 35(3): 1453-1464, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemostasis is very important for a safe surgery, particularly in endoscopic surgery. Accordingly, in the last decade, vessel-sealing systems became popular as hemostatic devices. However, their use is limited due to thermal damage to organs, such as intestines and nerves. We developed a new method for safe coagulation using a vessel-sealing system, termed flat coagulation (FC). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of this new FC method compared to conventional coagulation methods. METHODS: We evaluated the thermal damage caused by various energy devices, such as the vessel-sealing system (FC method using LigaSure™), ultrasonic scissors (Sonicision™), and monopolar electrosurgery (cut/coagulation/spray/soft coagulation (SC) mode), on porcine organs, including the small intestine and liver. Furthermore, we compared the hemostasis time between the FC method and conventional methods in the superficial bleeding model using porcine mesentery. RESULTS: FC caused less thermal damage than monopolar electrosurgery's SC mode in the porcine liver and small intestine (liver: mean depth of thermal damage, 1.91 ± 0.35 vs 3.37 ± 0.28 mm; p = 0.0015). In the superficial bleeding model, the hemostasis time of FC was significantly shorter than that of electrosurgery's SC mode (mean, 19.54 ± 22.51 s vs 44.99 ± 21.18 s; p = 0.0046). CONCLUSION: This study showed that the FC method caused less thermal damage to porcine small intestine and liver than conventional methods. This FC method could provide easier and faster coagulation of superficial bleeds compared to that achieved by electrosurgery's SC mode. Therefore, this study motivates for the use of this new method to achieve hemostasis with various types of bleeds involving internal organs during endoscopic surgeries.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Hemorragia/terapia , Hemostasia Cirúrgica , Temperatura , Animais , Dessecação , Fígado/fisiologia , Mesentério/patologia , Estômago/fisiologia , Suínos , Porco Miniatura , Termografia
12.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 69(3): 593-596, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123845

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printers are increasingly being used for a variety of applications. In the surgical field, patient-specific organ models are increasingly being used as preoperative simulators for complicated surgeries. In this study, we describe the use of patient-specific 3D models for tracheal resection. We performed preoperative simulations for two patients diagnosed with tracheal ganglioneuroma and adenoid cystic carcinoma; the mimic operations suggested the necessity of a short cuff intubation tube across the surgical field, indicating the recommended amount of dissection around the trachea and bilateral hilum prior to tracheal reconstruction. The postoperative courses were free from any anastomotic or pulmonary complications. We described the availability of preoperative simulations for complicated tracheal resection and reconstruction using patient-specific 3D printed models. Mimic operations using the 3D printed models allowed accurate preparation and confidence in selection of the optimal surgical strategy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/cirurgia , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Traqueia/cirurgia
13.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 234, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a collagen-binding protein, has a specific role in the intracellular processing of procollagen production. HSP47 expression is associated with cancer growth and metastasis in several types of cancers. However, none of the studies have assessed whether HSP47 expression is associated with the risk of postoperative recurrence of lung cancer until now. Therefore, we aimed to assess this association. METHODS: The study population consisted of a cohort of consecutive patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer at Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan, from January 2009 to December 2010. Patient characteristics, survival and disease-free survival (DFS), and laboratory findings were compared between patients who tested positive and negative for HSP47 expression in lung cancer cells and between those who showed high and low numbers of HSP47-positive fibroblasts in cancer stroma. RESULTS: A total of 133 patients underwent surgery for lung cancer. Sixty-seven patients (50.4%) had HSP47-positive cancer cells, and 91 patients (68.4%) had a higher number of HSP47-positive fibroblasts. The patients with a high number of HSP47-positive fibroblasts had a shorter DFS than those with a low number of HSP47-positive fibroblasts. Multivariate analysis identified only the presence of a high number of HSP47-positive fibroblasts as an independent risk factor for recurrence of lung cancer after surgery (odds ratio, 4.371; 95% confidence interval, 1.054-29.83; P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that the presence of a high number of HSP47-positive fibroblasts in the cancer stroma was a risk factor for recurrence of lung cancer after surgery.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/biossíntese , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 19: 1534735420923389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493079

RESUMO

Purpose: We investigated, in patients who underwent lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the magnitude of early limitation in functional exercise capacity and the associations with pre- and postoperative factors. Methods: Consecutive patients with preoperative clinical stage I to IIIA NSCLC who underwent lung resection were prospectively enrolled. We measured functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk distance [6MWD]) and skeletal muscle strength (handgrip [HF] and quadriceps force [QF]) within 2 days prior to surgery and on day 7 postoperatively. Results: Two hundred eighteen participants were recruited (median age 69 years) of whom 49 developed postoperative complications (POCs). 6MWD was markedly decreased (514 m vs 469 m, P < .001); HF and QF were slightly decreased following surgery. Multiple linear regression showed that preoperative vital capacity (P < .01), QF (P < .05), the duration of chest tube drainage (P < .001), and presence of POCs (P < .05) were significant predictors. However, intraoperative factors were not significantly associated with the decline in 6MWD. Conclusions: These results suggest that patients with preoperative impairments in pulmonary function and muscle strength, and those who require prolonged chest tube drainage or develop POCs are likely to have impaired exercise capacity. Therefore, individual assessment and follow-up of patients with such factors is indicated.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Força da Mão , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia
16.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 68(12): 1591-1593, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529505

RESUMO

Three-dimensionally printed organ models that facilitate preoperative simulations have the potential to improve outcomes of surgical procedures. Here, we report a case involving a 54-year-old man diagnosed with lung cancer of the right upper bronchus that was invading the right main bronchus. A right upper lobectomy with carinoplasty was performed. Although complete excision of the tumor was achieved, exertional dyspnea redeveloped 4 months post-surgery. Chest computed tomography revealed that airway stenosis caused by granulation had deformed the airway. Ablation of the granulation and airway stenting was required to improve the patient's symptoms. Prior to performing airway stenting, a three-dimensionally printed airway model was constructed, and the Y-shaped silicone stent used was modified in accordance with the model. After stenting, both the right and left bronchi were preserved, and the patient's symptoms improved. The three-dimensional printed airway model enhanced the accuracy and safety of the airway stenting procedure performed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Stents , Brônquios/diagnóstico por imagem , Brônquios/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Impressão Tridimensional , Traqueia
17.
Surg Today ; 50(11): 1383-1392, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556550

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The anatomical site of resected lobes may influence postoperative cerebral infarction. The objective of the current study was to determine if left upper pulmonary lobectomy is a risk factor for postoperative cerebral infarction. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study in patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy from 2004 to 2013 in Japan. We retrospectively identified 610 patients from 153 institutions who had developed postoperative cerebral infarction following pulmonary lobectomy. The control group consisted of 773 patients who underwent lobectomy without cerebral infarction during a randomly selected single month in 2009 at the same institutions. RESULTS: Factors associated with cerebral infarction were age [10-year intervals, odds ratio (OR): 1.46; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23-1.73; p < 0.001], male sex (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.29-2.86; p = 0.001), presence of comorbidities (OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.35-2.44; p < 0.001), perioperative anti-platelet or anti-coagulant drug use (OR 1.71; 95% CI 1.20-2.45; p = 0.003), and lobectomy. Subgroup analyses revealed that cerebral infarction was strongly associated with left upper lobectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that left upper lobectomy is associated with a higher risk of cerebral infarction than other types of lobectomy, particularly in the early postoperative period.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 68(11): 1305-1311, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We compared outcomes after surgery or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) among patients with metachronous primary lung cancer (MPLC). METHODS: Patients with MPLC were treated with either surgery (2008-2018) or SBRT (2010-2018). We used propensity score matching (PSM) to reduce bias from various clinicopathological factors. MPLC was defined by the Martini and Melamed criteria. RESULTS: Of 77 patients, 51 underwent surgery and 26 received SBRT. Most median clinicopathological characteristics did not significantly differ between the surgery and SBRT groups (male sex: 67% vs 65%; age: 73 vs 77 years; time after first surgery: 6.2 vs 4.7 years; lobectomy as first procedure: 82% vs 85%; second tumor size: 11 vs 12 mm; clinical stage I: 96% vs 100%; CEA: 2.9 vs 3.0 ng/ml). However, the surgery group had significantly more ipsilateral second tumors (n = 71, 58%, P = 0.003), better performance status (P = 0.03), and preserved lung function (P = 0.02). Surgery, thus, tended to be selected for patients with good physical function and for the MPLC in the contralateral side. Five-year overall survival did not significantly differ between the surgery and SBRT groups, either before PSM (86.5% vs 65.8%, P = 0.24, log-rank) or after PSM (100% vs 84.4%, P = 0.73). CONCLUSIONS: Surgery and SBRT for MPLC patients are safe and feasible treatments with similar outcomes. However, this finding should be verified by a random controlled trial with a larger study cohort.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/mortalidade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/secundário , Pontuação de Propensão , Radiocirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 64: 150-153, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655286

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Congenital mediastinal cysts are an uncommon but important diagnostic group. Most of these cysts are benign and asymptomatic in adults. However, some of them are clinically problematic due to the compression of neighboring organs, infection, or perforation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old man presented with severe dyspnea. Imaging revealed a mediastinal cyst in the subcarinal space compressing his right pulmonary artery and airway, which was later diagnosed as a bronchogenic cyst. Due to quick symptom exacerbation, emergent cyst wall fenestration was performed through video-assisted thoracic surgery with "stand-by" extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Complete cyst resection was difficult owing to adhesion of the cyst to the surrounding organs. The symptoms immediately resolved after surgery and the postoperative course was uneventful. CONCLUSION: Mediastinal bronchogenic cysts with life-threatening complications are rarely reported in adults. However, this case was life-threatening due to airway and vascular compression; emergent surgical care should be considered in such cases.

20.
Comput Assist Surg (Abingdon) ; 24(sup2): 105-116, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464146

RESUMO

In this study, the authors used the Fujifilm Prescale Pressure Measuring System to measure the contact pressure and distribution at the jaws of laparoscopic grasping forceps. This data was then correlated with measured pressures at the forceps handles to understand the relationship between the surgeon's actuating pressure and that on the organ being manipulated. The purpose of this study is to create a database of tactile information to provide guidelines in defining minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This is expected to be important as today's society continues to progress in the use of automation, IoT, AI and MIS. In order to achieve the above, the authors developed an experimental device consisting of an actuator, a load cell and an MCU to stably actuate and control the handle side of grasping forceps. Target organs were simulated using triangular prisms of various silicone rubber materials. The experimental method involved actuating the handle side with preset pressure values for fixed time periods and using sensitive film to measure the pressure at the forceps tip. The film data was then scanned, processed and analyzed.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Força da Mão , Pressão , Tato
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