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1.
J Hum Genet ; 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974528

RESUMO

The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in twin pregnancies is not well-studied. In this retrospective study, we investigated the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in twin pregnancies and compared the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in dichorionic diamniotic (DD) and monochorionic diamniotic (MD) twins. We used data from 57 clinical facilities across Japan. Twin pregnancies of more than 12 weeks of gestation managed between January 2016 and December 2018 were included in the study. A total of 2899 and 1908 cases of DD and MD twins, respectively, were reported, and the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in one or both fetuses was 0.9% (25/2899) and 0.2% (4/1908) in each group (p = 0.004). In this study, the most common chromosomal abnormality was trisomy 21 (51.7% [15/29]), followed by trisomy 18 (13.8% [4/29]) and trisomy 13 (6.9% [2/29]). The incidence of trisomy 21 in MD twins was lower than that in DD twins (0.05% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.007). Trisomy 21 was less common in MD twins, even when compared with the expected incidence in singletons (0.05% vs. 0.3%, RR 0.15 [95% CI 0.04-0.68]). The risk of chromosomal abnormality decreases in twin pregnancies, especially in MD twins.

2.
Dent Mater J ; 40(6): 1445-1452, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602585

RESUMO

The effects of silanization and resin primer application on CAD/CAM indirect resin composite block bonding were investigated. KATANA AVENCIA P blocks (Kuraray Noritake Dental) were treated with a silane coupling agent and/or a resin primer. The contact angles (CAs) of resin primer were observed before and after silanization. Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was built after each treatment. Bond strengths were measured, and the interface was analyzed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The CA showed that silane treatment improved the wettability of the resin primer to the resin block. The combination treatment of the silane and resin primer showed significantly higher bond strength than no treatment, only in the silanization or resin primer group (p<0.001 each). EDS analysis showed that the resin primer penetrated both cement and block sides. The combination of the silane and resin primer improved bonding effectiveness between the resin block and resin cement.

4.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 57: 147-153, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522239

RESUMO

The purpose of this review was to assess the literature regarding the decontamination of resin cement before the luting procedure in order to provide clinicians with a comparative overview of decontamination effects. A total of 19 articles were selected for inclusion in this review. The results indicated that bonding effectiveness is reduced due to residual adhesion inhibitors such as saliva, blood, hemostatic agents, and temporary/provisional cement. Self-etching and self-adhesive systems tend to be more negatively affected by adhesion inhibitors than do etch and rinse systems. Cleaning with an ultrasonic scaler or rotating brush have demonstrated conflicting effects in several studies. Some studies have reported that phosphoric acid has negative effects and recommend mild acid for decontamination. The application of phosphoric acid followed by sodium hypochlorite has been shown to help avoid negative effects. Alumina blasting has been investigated as a mechanical cleaning method in a relatively large number of experiments, most of which have confirmed its effectiveness. An intraoral cleaner containing functional monomers that has become commercially available in recent years is a promising method in clinical practice because it can easily and effectively remove temporary adhesive material. In addition, adhesion inhibitors can be easily removed from resin-coated dentin surfaces.

5.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565767

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the causes of debonding of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) indirect resin composite premolar crowns with a focus on the morphological factors of the crown and abutment teeth. METHODS: The clinical courses of 109 CAD/CAM indirect resin composite crowns were observed, and the patients' background characteristics, crown locations, luting methods, types of abutments, distal-most/non-distal-most molars, and types of resin blocks were confirmed. To investigate the influence of the morphology of the crown and abutment teeth, the 1) vertical dimension of the abutment teeth, 2) taper, and 3) thickness of the crown occlusal surface during events were measured from the three-dimensional digital data. The Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox proportional hazard model were used for the statistical analyses. The nonlinearity of the effect of each comparison factor was included in the model. RESULTS: Complications included 21 debonding cases, two crown fractures, five root fractures, and two core debondings. The cumulative no-debonding and no-crown-fracture rate over 1423 days (3 years and 11 months) was 77.4%. The multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that the abutment teeth type of tooth (first or second premolar) (P = 0.02) and luting materials (P < 0.01) significantly influenced the debonding frequency. All morphological factors (1-3) significantly influenced the debonding. The hazard ratios and nonlinear graph indicated that the crown thickness was less effective than the vertical dimension and taper. CONCLUSIONS: The combination analysis of clinical outcomes and 3D digital data revealed that preparation of the abutment is important for avoiding crown debonding.

6.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examined four cleaning methods and three chemical treatments for artificial saliva-contaminated fiber posts in terms of bonding durability to resin composite core materials. METHODS: Non-contaminated fiber posts (Tokuyama FR Post, Tokuyama Dental) and those contaminated (GC Fiber Post, GC) with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin Pharma) were used. Washing and drying (WD), alcohol cleaning (AlC), H3PO4 etching (P/WD), alumina blasting (B/D) for decontamination and silanization (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Si), resin priming (HC Primer, Shofu, MMA), and bonding resin application (Clearfil Universal Bond Quick, Kuraray Noritake Dental, BR) for chemical treatment were performed. The treated fiber post was planted inside a cylindrical tube and filled with resin composite (DC Core Automix ONE, Kuraray Noritake Dental). The specimen was sectioned, and a push-out test was performed after 24 h, 1 month, and 3 months. The fracture surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: Adhesion between the non-contaminated fiber post and resin composite did not improve by silanization and decreased by alumina blasting. SEM observations revealed a fractured glass fiber by alumina blasting. Saliva contamination decreased the bond strength between the fiber post and resin composite; however, recovery was achieved by WD, Alc, P/WD, and B/D. Compared to Si, BR (P = 0.009) was effective in restraining the long-term durability of bonding, whereas MMA (P = 0.99) was not. CONCLUSIONS: The application of bonding resin after alcohol cleaning is the most convenient and effective clinical procedure for fiber post surface treatment.

7.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305087

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to confirm the usefulness of active acoustic emission (Active AE) for reproducible and non-invasive generation of physical external force which is required for conventional AE. METHODS: Experiment 1: A root dentin-resin adhesive interface was observed. The post space was filled with a dual-cure resin composite core material with and without adhesive. The vibration characteristics of the data obtained from the time-frequency analysis were evaluated. Experiment 2: A crown-abutment tooth adhesive interface was observed. Adhesive resin cement was used for luting the crown and adhesion states in the same specimen over time were analyzed with three measurements: at trial-fitting, immediately after luting, and 2 weeks after luting. Data were subjected to time-frequency analysis and relationships between amplitude (indicating loudness) and frequency (indicating the sound component) were analyzed. RESULTS: Experiment 1: Time-frequency analysis confirmed multiple peak frequencies for each specimen without adhesive and monomodal peak frequency in all specimens using adhesive. Experiment 2: Two weeks after luting, all specimens showed a single major peak except one which showed multiple weak peaks.The three-dimensional visualization of time-frequency analysis revealed one specimen with multiple weak peaks while all others displayed a single, low-amplitude band at 2 weeks after luting. CONCLUSIONS: The state of the adhesive interface can be evaluated using active AE. This basic technique may prove useful to evaluate changes in the adhesive interface of prostheses over time.

8.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 565-572, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053974

RESUMO

Purpose This study evaluated the effects of different materials (composite resin system including a photo-cure adhesive (DC) vs. resin cement system including a self-etching primer (PV)) and techniques (direct vs. indirect) for resin core build-up on the bonding performance to root canal dentin.Methods The human teeth were decoronated and root canal preparation was performed. All specimens were randomly divided into four groups according to the combinations of the methods (Direct or Indirect) and the materials (DC: Clearfil DC Core, Kuraray Noritake Dental or PV: Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake Dental). Micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) and push-out tests were performed. Scanning electron microscope observations of the interface were also performed, and microcomputed tomography and optical coherence tomography were applied to evaluate the sealing ability.Results The Indirect group had significantly higher µTBSs than the Direct group in the DC group (P = 0.0076). The PV group had significantly higher bond strengths than the DC group in both the Direct and Indirect groups (P < 0.001). The Direct/PV group demonstrated significantly higher push-out bond strength than the Direct/DC group (P < 0.001). In the Direct/PV group, the formation of resin tags was observed even on the apical side of the canal. Microleakage was more clearly observed in the DC group than in the PV group.Conclusions PV has a higher bonding ability to root canal dentin than DC. When using DC, the indirect technique exhibited a higher bonding ability than the direct technique.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração , Microtomografia por Raio-X
9.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 438-442, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980784

RESUMO

Purpose The state of adhesion between root dentin and a resin composite core material was inspected using acoustic emission (AE).Methods A total of 14 human incisors and premolars were used to prepare "no-adhesive group" and "adhesive group" specimens. For "adhesive group" specimens, a bonding agent was applied to root canal dentin. The entire post space was subsequently filled with a resin composite for both specimen groups. The prepared specimens were fixed onto a jig on which an AE sensor was installed. A zirconia ball was used for the impact test, and a vibration wave generated by the collision was measured by the system using an AE sensor. The obtained data were subjected to time-frequency analysis using analysis software (LabVIEW), and the relationship between the amplitude indicating the loudness and the frequency indicating the sound component was analyzed.Results Zirconia-ball collision tests using AE revealed differences between the groups with respect to the waveform of vibration waves transmitted to the root dentin through the root dentin-resin interface. The time-frequency analysis of the obtained data confirmed that multiple peaks were observed for each specimen in the no-adhesive group, whereas a single characteristic vibration peak was observed for all specimens in the adhesive group.Conclusions The state of the adhesive interface was successfully evaluated by AE. This demonstration is expected to lead to the development of a device that can detect problems at the bonding interface between the prostheses and tooth substances.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Acústica , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
10.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 122: 104914, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684452

RESUMO

Ethyl(dimethyl)(tetradecyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate, used in laundry detergents, shampoos, and body soaps, is classified by the Japanese Chemical Substances Control Law as a priority assessment chemical substance for environmental effects. However, its toxicity data for human health are insufficient. This study evaluated this chemical under the Safety Examination of Existing Chemicals and Safety Programmes of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). The MHLW conducted bacterial reverse mutation (Ames test), in vitro chromosomal aberration, and combined repeated-dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity screening tests. We performed a screening assessment of ethyl(dimethyl)(tetradecyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate for human health. The chemical showed a negative reaction in the Ames test and a positive reaction in the in vitro chromosomal aberration test with metabolic activation in rats. The combined repeated-dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity screening test showed significantly decreased food consumption at 50 mg/kg body weight/day, but no reproductive and developmental toxicity was observed. The no-observed-effect level of 15 mg/kg/day was obtained as a screening value. Therefore, this chemical was classified as hazard class 3, with a derived-no-effect level of 0.025 mg/kg/day. The results of this study will be useful for risk assessment of groups of structurally similar alkyl quaternary ammonium surfactants.


Assuntos
Genitália/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Masculino , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Nível de Efeito Adverso não Observado , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Dent Mater J ; 40(4): 928-933, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775982

RESUMO

This study evaluated the bonding effectiveness of a newly developed two-step hydrophobic bonding material. Three groups using different bonding systems were compared: BZF group, using the new bonding system (BZF-29; GC, Tokyo, Japan); GPB group, using a one-step bonding system (G-Premio Bond; GC); and SE2 group, using a two-step bonding system (CLEARFIL SE Bond 2; Kuraray Noritake Dental, Tokyo, Japan). Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was measured after storage in water for 24 h, 3 months and 6 months (n=25/group). Fracture surfaces were observed under scanning electron microscopy. The BZF group showed significantly higher µTBS than the other groups (p<0.001). Dominant failure patterns were cohesive failure for the BZF group (48-84%), mixed failure for the SE2 group (48-60%) and interface failure between adhesive and resin composite for the GPB group (48-52%). The hydrophobicity of the BZF-29 bonding system improves the long-term bonding effectiveness between adhesive and resin composite.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
12.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980768

RESUMO

A two-bottle self-curing universal adhesive (Tokuyama Universal Bond; Tokuyama Dental) that does not require a long waiting time or light curing after application of the bonding material has been developed. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of tooth and adhesive temperature during the bonding procedure on the effectiveness of dentin bonding. The results showed that the tooth temperature affected the effectiveness of the dentin bonding; therefore, to determine the precise bonding ability in the laboratory, the temperature of the tooth must be raised until it is the same as that of the oral cavity. In addition, the temperature of the material did not affect bonding effectiveness; this result confirms that it does not matter whether the refrigerated product is used soon after its removal from the refrigerator or after it reaches room temperature in the clinic.

13.
Dent Mater J ; 39(6): 1087-1095, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999261

RESUMO

The effect of cleaner containing 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) for removing temporary cement remnants on dentin surface was evaluated. Flat dentin surfaces were wet-polished (Co) and HY-BOND temporary cement hard (Shofu) was applied to the surface. This temporary cement was removed using an air-scaler (Sc), brush (Br), or phosphoric acid and NaOCl (NC). A prototype cleaner containing MDP (Kuraray Noritake Dental, Tokyo, Japan) was used with agitation mode (MC+AG). KATANA Avencia block (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was luted with SA Cement Plus Automix (Kuraray Noritake Dental). Co showed significantly higher bond strength than Sc or Br (p<0.001 each). Bond strengths with NC (p=0.99) and MC+AG (p=0.38) did not differ significantly from that with Co. Transmission electron microscopy revealed sufficient interaction of MC+AG. Cleaner containing MDP can effectively remove temporary cement by agitation, and can be expected to improve the chemical bonding ability by binding more MDP to dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimento de Policarboxilato , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(3): 311-320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of double application of resin cement primers to dentin prepared with different diamond burs on the cement-dentin bond strengths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty flat dentin surfaces were prepared and divided into 12 groups (n = 5) according to three experimental factors: 1. resin cements: RelyX Ultimate (RU), Multilink Automix (ML), and Panavia V5 (PV); 2. resin cement primer application: single or double; 3. dentin surface preparation with regular or superfine diamond burs. Cement-dentin sticks (1 mm2) were prepared for and underwent microtensile bond strength testing (µTBS). Statistical analysis was performed using three-way ANOVA and Duncan's test (α = 0.05). Fractured surfaces and cement-dentin interfaces were observed using SEM. Additional teeth were used to observe the demineralization effect of resin cement primers with SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: All tested factors demonstrated significant effects on µTBS (p < 0.001). The combination of PV with superfine-grit bur and double application yielded the highest bond strengths. Surfaces prepared with superfine-grit burs demonstrated higher µTBS than did the regular-grit group, but a significant effect was not observed for all groups. The double application of primer significantly increased the bond strength for most combinations, except for PV with superfine-grit bur-prepared dentin. CONCLUSIONS: PV showed higher bond strengths than other resin cements. Double application of primer improved the bond strength of all cements to dentin. Bond strengths were higher when dentin was prepared with a superfine-grit bur.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Diamante , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
15.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 128(3): 246-254, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396258

RESUMO

Using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), this study investigated the characteristics of smear layers after preparation of dentin surfaces using different methods. In addition, this study analyzed, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the interactions of smear layers with the various acidic agents used subsequently to treat the dentin surface. Mid-coronal dentin surfaces were prepared according to one of five instrumentation methods: fracture; grinding with carbide bur; grinding with regular-grit diamond bur; grinding with superfine-grit diamond bur; or grinding with 600-grit silicon carbide (SiC) abrasive paper. Then, each prepared dentin surface was further divided into control (no further treatment) or treatment with one of the following agents: phosphoric acid solution (PAS); phosphoric acid gel (PAG); Clearfil SE Bond 2 Primer (SE2); or Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SBU). Longitudinal ultra-thin sections were made for TEM observations. Dentin discs, representing each surface preparation and treatment method described above, were created, and the morphology was examined by SEM. The TEM results revealed differences in thickness and denseness of the smear layer, according to the different methods of instrumentation used to prepare the dentin surface. The two forms of phosphoric acid completely removed the smear layer in all groups. Agglomerated silica particles were observed on the top of the collagen layer after etching with PAG. For all dentin surfaces, except for that prepared with SiC, SE2 demonstrated better etching efficacy on different smear layers, whereas SBU provided only superficial interaction.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Camada de Esfregaço , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
16.
J Prosthodont Res ; 64(3): 319-325, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423658

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of both a resin primer containing methyl methacrylate (MMA) and a silanizing agent on bonding to indirect resin composite blocks, using two types of build-up hybrid resin composites. METHODS: SHOFU BLOCK HC (Shofu) specimens were blasted with alumina, after which one of two surface treatments was applied: CERA RESIN BOND (Shofu, the Silane group) or HC primer (Shofu, the MMA group). Resin composites made using either Solidex Hardura (SDH, Shofu) or Ceramage Duo (CMD, Shofu) were built up and micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) values were measured after storage in water for either 24h or 6 months (n=24 per group). The fracture surfaces after µTBS measurements and the resin block/build-up resin interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: The bond strength of the Silane/SDH group significantly decreased after 6 months (p<0.001), whereas in the MMA group there was no significant loss after 24h or 6 months (p=0.99). In the CMD group, the bond strength after 6 months was significantly lowered in both the Silane group (p<0.001) and the MMA group (p<0.001), but the latter still showed greater adhesion. SEM images demonstrated that the matrix resin was partially destroyed at the fracture surfaces of the MMA group and fracture surface unevenness was observed. CONCLUSIONS: A primer containing MMA produced stronger bonding to CAD/CAM resin even after long-term aging compared to a silane treatment.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
17.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 112: 104610, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032664

RESUMO

1,4-Dichlorobutane (1,4-DCB) is used as raw materials for drugs, pesticides, fragrances, and chemical fibers, and being used as a solvent. Its toxicity data was insufficient for screening assessment under the Japanese Chemical Substances Control Law. We conducted toxicity tests and hazard classification for screening assessment 1,4-DCB showed negative in the Ames test, positive in the in vitro chromosomal aberrations test with metabolic activation, and negative in the in vivo mouse bone-marrow micronucleus test. The 28-day repeated-dose toxicity study, where male and female rats were administered 1,4-DCB by gavage at 0, 12, 60, and 300 mg/kg/day, showed significant effects on the liver and pancreas from 12 mg/kg/day and kidney at 300 mg/kg/day. Based on periportal hepatocellular hypertrophy and decreased zymogen granules in pancreas, the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) of 12 mg/kg/day was obtained. The reproductive/developmental toxicity screening study, in which male and female rats were administered 1,4-DCB by gavage at dose of 0, 2.4, 12, and 60 mg/kg/day for 42-46 days, showed that the delivery index was decreased at 60 mg/kg/day without maternal toxicity. Based on the general toxicity, we classified this chemical as hazard class 2, with a D-value (Derived No Effect Level) of 0.002 mg/kg/day.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados/toxicidade , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Células CHO , Células Cultivadas , Cricetulus , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados/administração & dosagem , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Toxicidade
18.
J Prosthodont Res ; 64(3): 272-280, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952931

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pretreatment using phosphoric acid, sodium hypochlorite and sulfinic acid sodium salt on the bonding of one-step self-etching adhesives to root canal dentin. METHODS: Thirty-six single-rooted sound human premolars were randomly assigned into three groups before applying the one-step self-etching adhesive. These comprised a control group with no pretreatment, an NC group that received phosphoric acid and subsequent sodium hypochlorite gel pretreatments, and an NC+AC group that received an additional treatment with sulfinic acid sodium salt following the same pretreatment applied to the NC group. Microtensile bond strength measurements, bonding interface observations by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analyses by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and degree of polymerization (DOP) analyses by Raman spectroscopy were subsequently performed. RESULTS: The bond strength was significantly higher in the NC+AC group than in the other two groups (Control: P=000.1 and NC: P=0.004). SEM observations showed that resin tags were present in the dentinal tubules in the NC and NC+AC groups. Compared to the control group, the adhesive resin layer had a lower DOP in the NC group, while the DOP for the NC+AC group was higher than that of the NC specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Bonding to root canal dentin was improved by applying sulfinic acid sodium salt in addition to treatment with phosphoric acid followed by sodium hypochlorite. The DOP of the adhesive resin was reduced by sodium hypochlorite and subsequently restored by applying sulfinic acid sodium salt.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cimentos de Resina , Sódio , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
19.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 56(1): 24-31, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827652

RESUMO

Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test was introduced in 1994. Since then, it has been utilized profoundly across many bond strength testing laboratories, making it currently one of the most standard and versatile bond strength test. Although it is a static and strength-based method, together with the morphological and spectroscopic investigations, it has been contributing immensely in the advancement of dentin adhesive systems. µTBS test has a greater discriminative capability than the traditional macro-shear bond test. During the early stage of its development, the authors predicted that this testing method would enable evaluation of the adhesive performances of resins to excavated carious or sclerotic dentin and the regional bond strengths of various portions of the cavity. In addition, they also stated the possibility of comparing the long-term stability of resin adhesion at various portions of the cavity walls on teeth extracted at various times after insertion of bonded restorations. In this review, we discussed the historical background, inception and the application of the µTBS test and proposed directions for further improvement of this testing method.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671751

RESUMO

The removal or modification of smear layers that cover the dentin is critical to allow the penetration of adhesive molecules and to ensure a strong bond between resin and dentin. Aiming to establish a model for clinically-relevant dentin-bond testing, we evaluated the effects of smear layers created by abrasives having similar coarseness (180-grit SiC paper; fine-grit diamond bur) and application modes (single application; double application) on the microtensile bond strengths (µTBS) of two currently available universal adhesives (G-Premio Bond; Scotchbond Universal Adhesive) and a two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil Megabond 2). Sixty extracted human third molars were used for the µTBS test. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Fracture modes were determined using stereomicroscopy. An additional 24 third molars were prepared for observation of the resin-dentin interface by TEM and adhesive-smear layer interaction by SEM. µTBS was significantly affected by the adhesives and their application modes (p < 0.001), implying that the double application of universal adhesives should be recommended to improve their performance. The effect of smear layers was not significant (p > 0.05), indicating that 180-grit SiC papers could be used to prepare dentin as a substitute for fine-grit diamond burs for dentin-bond testing in laboratory settings.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Camada de Esfregaço/química , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração , Resinas Compostas/química , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Dente Serotino , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
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