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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to demonstrate diagnostic equivalence between RFR and iFR in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), a nonhyperemic pressure ratio (NHPR), has been shown to be noninferior to fractional flow reserve (FFR) in determining coronary artery stenosis severity in intermediate lesions. However, iFR has a number of inherent limitations, including sensitive landmarking of the pressure waveform and the assumption that maximal flow and minimal microcirculatory resistance occur during a fixed period within diastole. The resting full-cycle ratio (RFR) is a novel NHPR which evaluates the entire cardiac cycle independent of the ECG, landmark identification, and timing within the cardiac cycle. METHODS: RE-VALIDATE RFR was designed to determine the diagnostic utility of RFR for the physiological assessment of coronary artery disease in clinical practice compared to iFR. RFR was also tested for equivalence (1% margin), diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), areas under the receiver operated characteristic curve (AUC), and correlations compared to calculated iFR (iFRcalc ). RESULTS: From two centers, 501 blinded rest- and hyperemic pressure recordings from 431 patients were suitable for analysis according to a core laboratory. The mean FFR, RFR, and iFRcalc were 0.80 ± 0.09, 0.90 ± 0.08, and 0.90 ± 0.08, respectively. Based on a binary cut-off approach (RFR/iFR ≤0.89), RFR demonstrated equivalence with iFRcalc (95% confidence interval: 0.025-0.019) with overall diagnostic accuracy 97.8%, sensitivity 97.8%, specificity 97.8%, PPV 96.2%, NPV 98.7%, and AUC 0.96 (0.94-0.97, p < .001). RFR had a mean bias 0.003 (95% limits of agreement: 0.019, -0.025). CONCLUSIONS: RFR was equivalent to iFR in clinical practice. RFR is an alternative NHPR, avoiding the need for hyperemic agents, thus potentially reducing side effects, procedural time and cost compared to FFR.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(20): 1991-2001, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the incidence and causes of an abnormal instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) after angiographically successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Impaired coronary physiology as assessed by fractional flow reserve is present in some patients after PCI and is prognostically relevant. METHODS: DEFINE PCI (Physiologic Assessment of Coronary Stenosis Following PCI) was a multicenter, prospective, observational study in which a blinded iFR pull back was performed after angiographically successful PCI in 562 vessels in 500 patients. Inclusion criteria were angina with either multivessel or multilesion coronary artery disease with an abnormal baseline iFR. The primary endpoint of the study was the rate of residual ischemia after operator-assessed angiographically successful PCI, defined as an iFR <0.90. The causes of impaired iFR were categorized as stent related, untreated proximal or distal focal stenosis, or diffuse atherosclerosis. RESULTS: An average of 1.1 vessels per patient had abnormal baseline iFRs, with a mean value of 0.69 ± 0.22, which improved to 0.93 ± 0.07 post-PCI. Residual ischemia after angiographically successful PCI was present in 112 patients (24.0%), with a mean iFR in that population of 0.84 ± 0.06 (range 0.60 to 0.89). Among patients with impaired post-PCI iFRs, 81.6% had untreated focal stenoses that were angiographically inapparent, and 18.4% had diffuse disease. Among the focal lesions, 38.4% were located within the stent segment, while 31.5% were proximal and 30.1% were distal to the stent. Post-PCI vessel angiographic diameter stenosis was not a predictor of impaired post-procedural iFR. CONCLUSIONS: Blinded post-PCI physiological assessment detected residual ischemia in nearly 1 in 4 patients after coronary stenting despite an operator-determined angiographically successful result. Most cases of residual ischemia were due to inapparent focal lesions potentially amenable to treatment with additional PCI. (Physiologic Assessment of Coronary Stenosis Following PCI [DEFINE PCI]; NCT03084367).

3.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): e008434, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) for modification of severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) was demonstrated in the Disrupt CAD I study (Disrupt Coronary Artery Disease). We next sought to confirm the safety and effectiveness of IVL for these lesions. METHODS: The Disrupt CAD II study was a prospective multicenter, single-arm post-approval study conducted at 15 hospitals in 9 countries. Patients with severe CAC with a clinical indication for revascularization underwent vessel preparation for stent implantation with IVL. The primary end point was in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization). An optical coherence tomography substudy was performed to evaluate the mechanism of action of IVL, quantifying CAC characteristics and calcium plaque fracture. Independent core laboratories adjudicated angiography and optical coherence tomography, and an independent clinical events committee adjudicated major adverse cardiac events. RESULTS: Between May 2018 and March 2019, 120 patients were enrolled. Severe CAC was present in 94.2% of lesions. Successful delivery and use of the IVL catheter was achieved in all patients. The post-IVL angiographic acute luminal gain was 0.83±0.47 mm, and residual stenosis was 32.7±10.4%, which further decreased to 7.8±7.1% after drug-eluting stent implantation. The primary end point occurred in 5.8% of patients, consisting of 7 non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions. There was no procedural abrupt closure, slow or no reflow, or perforations. In 47 patients with post-percutaneous coronary intervention optical coherence tomography, calcium fracture was identified in 78.7% of lesions with 3.4±2.6 fractures per lesion, measuring 5.5±5.0 mm in length. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severe CAC who require coronary revascularization, IVL was safely performed with high procedural success and minimal complications and resulted in substantial calcific plaque fracture in most lesions. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03328949.

5.
J Biomech Eng ; 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141591

RESUMO

Medical image resolution has been a serious limitation in plaque progression research. A modeling approach combining intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) was introduced and patient follow-up IVUS and OCT data were acquired to construct 3D coronary models for plaque progression investigations. Baseline and follow-up in vivo IVUS and OCT coronary plaque data were acquired from one patient with 105 matched slices selected for model construction. 3D FSI models based on IVUS and OCT data (denoted as IVUS+OCT model) were constructed to obtain stress/strain and wall shear stress (WSS) for plaque progression prediction. IVUS-based IVUS50 and IVUS200 models were constructed for comparison with cap thickness set as 50 and 200 microns, respectively. Lumen area increase (LAI), plaque area increase (PAI) and plaque burden increase (PBI) were chosen to measure plaque progression. The least squares support vector machine method was employed for plaque progression prediction using 19 risk factors. For IVUS+OCT model with LAI, PAI and PBI, the best single predictor was plaque strain, local plaque stress, and minimal cap thickness, with prediction accuracy as 0.766, 0.838 and 0.890, respectively; The prediction accuracy using best combinations of 19 factors was 0.911, 0.881 and 0.905, respectively. Compared to IVUS+OCT model, IVUS50 and IVUS200 models had errors ranging from 1% to 66.5% in quantifying cap thickness, stress, strain and prediction accuracies. WSS showed relatively lower prediction accuracy compared to other predictors in all 9 prediction studies.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(7): 1052-1059, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642605

RESUMO

Outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) are inferior compared with native coronary arteries, but the mechanisms of SVG in-stent restenosis (ISR) have not been well-described. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the patterns of SVG ISR using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in 54 SVG ISR lesions. Stent underexpansion was defined as minimum stent area (MSA) <5 mm2. The time from stent implantation to presentation with ISR (9 BMS, 18 first-generation DES, and 27 second-generation DES) was 3.7 ± 3.0 years. IVUS-defined ISR patterns were categorized as mechanical (33%) or biological (67%). Mechanical patterns comprised 10 cases of stent underexpansion (MSA = 4.2 ± 0.9 mm2), 6 stent fractures or deformations, and 2 uncovered aorto-anastomotic lesions. Biological patterns comprised 19 cases of neoatherosclerosis, 13 excessive neointimal hyperplasia (NIH, 65 ± 11%), and 4 thrombi. Compared with biological patterns of ISR, mechanical patterns were more frequently located at the SVG anastomosis (72% vs 39%, p = 0.04) and at the SVG hinge motion site (55% vs 21%, p = 0.02). Although patients with mechanical patterns of ISR presented earlier than those with biological patterns (2.3 vs 4.4 years, p = 0.009), 61% of them were diagnosed >1 year after stent implantation. In conclusion, SVG ISR is dominated by biological patterns including neoatherosclerosis. Mechanical patterns of SVG ISR are associated with earlier presentation and location at graft anastomosis or hinge motion site.

7.
Molecules ; 24(3)2019 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691115

RESUMO

Macrophages play an important role in the regulation of inflammation and immune response as well as the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer. Therefore, targeted delivery of therapeutic reagents to macrophages is an effective method for treatment and diagnosis. We previously examined the therapeutic applications of polyrotaxanes (PRXs) comprised of multiple cyclodextrins (CDs) threaded on a polymer chain and capped with bulky stopper molecules. In the present study, we designed an α-d-mannose-modified α-CD/poly(ethylene glycol)-based PRX (Man-PRX). The intracellular uptake of Man-PRX through the interaction with macrophage mannose receptor (MMR) in macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells was examined. Intracellular Man-PRX uptake was observed in MMR-positive RAW264.7 cells but was negligible in MMR-negative NIH/3T3 cells. In addition, the intracellular Man-PRX uptake in RAW264.7 cells was significantly inhibited in the presence of free α-d-mannose and an anti-MMR antibody, which suggests that MMR is involved in the intracellular uptake of Man-PRX. Moreover, the polarization of RAW264.7 cells affected the Man-PRX internalization efficiency. These results indicate that Man-PRX is an effective candidate for selective targeting of macrophages through a specific interaction with the MMR.


Assuntos
Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Manose/química , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Rotaxanos/química , Rotaxanos/farmacologia , Animais , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Células RAW 264.7 , Rotaxanos/síntese química
8.
Circulation ; 139(4): 477-484, 2019 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measuring fractional flow reserve (FFR) with a pressure wire remains underutilized because of the invasiveness of guide wire placement or the need for a hyperemic stimulus. FFR derived from routine coronary angiography (FFRangio) eliminates both of these requirements and displays FFR values of the entire coronary tree. The FFRangio Accuracy versus Standard FFR (FAST-FFR) study is a prospective, multicenter, international trial with the primary goal of determining the accuracy of FFRangio. METHODS: Coronary angiography was performed in a routine fashion in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. FFR was measured in vessels with coronary lesions of varying severity using a coronary pressure wire and hyperemic stimulus. Based on angiograms of the respective arteries acquired in ≥2 different projections, on-site operators blinded to FFR then calculated FFRangio using proprietary software. Coprimary end points were the sensitivity and specificity of the dichotomously scored FFRangio for predicting pressure wire-derived FFR using a cutoff value of 0.80. The study was powered to meet prespecified performance goals for sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: Ten centers in the United States, Europe, and Israel enrolled a total of 301 subjects and 319 vessels meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria which were included in the final analysis. The mean FFR was 0.81 and 43% of vessels had an FFR≤0.80. The per-vessel sensitivity and specificity were 94% (95% CI, 88% to 97%) and 91% (86% to 95%), respectively, both of which exceeded the prespecified performance goals. The diagnostic accuracy of FFRangio was 92% overall and remained high when only considering FFR values between 0.75 to 0.85 (87%). FFRangio values correlated well with FFR measurements ( r=0.80, P<0.001) and the Bland-Altman 95% confidence limits were between -0.14 and 0.12. The device success rate for FFRangio was 99%. CONCLUSIONS: FFRangio measured from the coronary angiogram alone has a high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy compared with pressure wire-derived FFR. FFRangio has the promise to substantially increase physiological coronary lesion assessment in the catheterization laboratory, thereby potentially leading to improved patient outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique Identifier: NCT03226262.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether automated coregistration of optical coherence tomography (OCT) with angiography reduces geographic miss (GM) during coronary stenting. BACKGROUND: Previous intravascular ultrasound or OCT studies have showed that residual disease at the stent edge or stent edge dissection was associated with stent thrombosis or edge restenosis. This has been termed GM. METHODS: Two hundred de novo coronary lesions were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to OCT-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with versus without automated coregistration of OCT with angiography. GM, the primary endpoint, was defined as angiographic ≥type B dissection or diameter stenosis >50% or OCT minimum lumen area <4.0 mm2 with significant residual disease or dissection (dissection flap >60°) within 5 mm from the stent edge. RESULTS: The prevalence of GM was not different comparing OCT-guided PCI with versus without automated coregistration (27.6% vs 34.0%, P = 0.33). However, there was a trend toward a reduced prevalence of significant distal stent edge dissection in lesions with automated coregistration (11.1% vs 20.8%, P = 0.07). The discrepancy in the distance between planned versus actual implanted stent location with automated coregistration was significantly shorter than without coregistration (1.9 ± 1.6 mm vs 2.6 ± 2.7 mm, P = 0.03), especially the prevalence of ≥5 mm discrepancy that was less frequent with automated coregistration. CONCLUSIONS: Automated coregistration of OCT with angiography did not reduce the primary endpoint of GM after stent implantation.

11.
Interv Cardiol Clin ; 7(3): 329-344, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29983145

RESUMO

Intravascular imaging plays a key role in optimizing outcomes for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) utilizes a user-friendly interface and provides high-resolution images. OCT can be used as part of daily practice in all stages of a coronary intervention: baseline lesion assessment, stent selection, and stent optimization. Incorporating a standardized, algorithmic approach when using OCT allows for precision PCI.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the morphological characteristics of nonobstructive coronary lesions in patients with ischemic symptoms and/or signs. MATERIALS/METHODS: We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess the presumed culprit lesion in 142 patients with suspected coronary artery disease in whom coronary angiography showed no lesion with a diameter stenosis ≥50%. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS, n = 31, including 2 ST-elevation myocardial infarction, 9 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and 20 unstable angina pectoris) were compared to those with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 111) including 79 patients with stable angina and 32 patients with silent ischemia (positive non-invasive stress test only). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of thrombus, plaque rupture, intimal laceration, or calcified nodule in the combined groups was 23.2% (33/142) including 15 thrombus, 12 plaque rupture, 9 calcified nodule, and 8 intimal laceration (not mutually exclusive) without differences between ACS and stable CAD patients. Also the prevalence of thin-cap fibroatheroma was not significantly different between ACS and stable patients (12.9% vs 6.3%, p = 0.22). Minimum lumen area (3.1 mm2 [2.3, 4.1] versus 3.2 mm2 [2.4, 4.7], p = 0.7) and area stenosis (49.9% [37.1, 56.4] versus 48.1% [37.8, 55.8], p = 0.9) were similar between ACS and stable CAD patients. CONCLUSION: In patients presenting with ischemic symptoms and/or signs, but angiographically nonobstructive culprit lesions, approximately 25% had abnormal findings by OCT-whether patients presented with acute/unstable or stable CAD.

13.
Macromol Biosci ; 18(8): e1800059, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900668

RESUMO

Because macrophages are involved in the pathology of many diseases, targeting delivery of therapeutic molecules to macrophages is important issue. Polyrotaxanes (PRXs) composed of multiple cyclodextrins threaded with a linear polymer were utilized as a therapeutic agent for metabolic disease and for regulating cellular metabolism. For targeting delivery of PRXs to macrophages, carboxyethyl ether group-modified PRXs (CEE-PRXs) are designed for promoting interaction to macrophage scavenger receptor class A (SR-A). The cellular internalization of anionic CEE-PRXs in SR-A-positive macrophage-like cells (RAW264.7) is remarkably higher than that of nonionic PRX, whereas the cellular internalization efficiency in SR-A-negative cells is comparable between anionic and nonionic PRX. Furthermore, the molecular weight of axle polymer and the number of CEE groups modified on PRX are found to be the predominant factors governing cellular internalization efficiency in SR-A-positive RAW264.7 cells. Thus, CEE-PRXs are a promising design for targeting delivery of PRXs to macrophages.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 2018 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29769164

RESUMO

AIMS: We evaluated the effectiveness of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) to treat in-stent restenosis (ISR) due to peri-stent calcium-related stent under-expansion as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 81 patients (81 lesions with ISR, stent under-expansion, and peri-stent calcium >90°) who underwent OCT imaging both pre- and post-percutaneous coronary intervention and compared lesions treated with ELCA (n=23) vs without ELCA (n=58). ELCA use was associated with more calcium fracture (ELCA: 61%, non-ELCA: 12%, p<0.01), . larger final minimum lumen area (ELCA: 4.76 mm2 [3.25, 5.57], non-ELCA: 3.46 mm2 [2.80, 4.13], p<0.01), and a larger previously implanted stent area (ELCA: 6.15 mm2 [4.83, 7.09], non-ELCA: 4.65 mm2 [3.84, 5.40], p<0.01). In the multivariable model, ELCA use was associated with peri-stent calcium fracture (odds ratio 46.5; 95% confidence interval: 6.8, 315.9, p=0.01) that, in turn, was associated with final larger lumen and stent dimensions. Finally, contrast injection during ELCA was associated with multiple calcium fractures and fractures even in thicker calcium. CONCLUSIONS: ELCA is effective for treating ISR with under-expansion by disrupting peri-stent calcium, facilitating better expansion of the previously implanted stent.

16.
EuroIntervention ; 14(4): e459-e466, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29769168

RESUMO

AIMS: Among technologies used to assess FFR, a monorail, sensor-tipped micro pressure catheter (PC) may be advantageous for delivery and re-assessment. We sought to determine whether the larger cross-sectional area of the PC influences FFR measurements compared to the pressure wire. METHODS AND RESULTS: PERFORM was a single-centre, prospective study designed to determine the precision and accuracy of the PC compared with the pressure wire (PW) for measurement of FFR. Eligible patients had native coronary artery target lesions with visually estimated diameter stenosis of 40-90%. The independently adjudicated primary endpoint was the difference in hyperaemic PW-determined minimal FFR with and without the PC distal to the stenosis. Seventy-four patients (95 lesions) were prospectively analysed between December 2015 and December 2016. Median hyperaemic FFR was 0.84 (IQR 0.78, 0.89) with the PW and 0.79 (IQR 0.73, 0.85) with the PC distal to the stenosis (p<0.001). Such differences led to clinical discordance, whereby the PC decreased the hyperaemic PW-determined FFR from >0.80 to ≤0.80 in 17 of 95 measurements (19%). Median resting Pd/Pa was lower following introduction of the PC compared with the PW alone (0.93 [IQR 0.90, 0.97] versus 0.90 [IQR 0.86, 0.95], p<0.001). Median pressure drift was not different between the PW and the PC (0.01 [IQR -0.01, 0.05] versus 0.01 [IQR 0.00, 0.02], p=0.38). CONCLUSIONS: Introduction of the PC reduced both hyperaemic FFR and resting Pd/Pa compared with the PW alone, leading to re-classifying physiological significance to below the clinical threshold in one out of five assessments.

17.
EuroIntervention ; 2018 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29581085

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the predictability of resting distal coronary pressure wave forms for fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Resting coronary wave forms were qualitatively evaluated for the presence of (i) dicrotic notch; (ii) diastolic dipping; and (iii) ventricularization. In a development cohort (n=88) a scoring system was developed that was then applied to a validation cohort (n=428) using a multivariable linear regression model to predict FFR and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) to predict FFR ≤0.8. In the development cohort, all 3 qualitative parameters were independent predictors of FFR. However, in a multivariable linear regression model in the validation cohort, qualitative wave form analysis did not further improve the ability of resting distal coronary to aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) (p=0.80) or instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) (p=0.26) to predict FFR. Using ROC, the area under the curve of resting Pd/Pa (0.86 versus 0.86, P=0.08) and iFR (0.86 versus 0.86, P=0.26) did not improve by adding qualitative analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Qualitative coronary wave form analysis showed moderate classification agreement in predicting FFR but did not add substantially to the resting pressure gradients Pd/Pa and iFR; however, when discrepancies between quantitative and qualitative analyses are observed, artifact or pressure drift should be considered.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 13(18): e2182-e2189, 2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29400655

RESUMO

AIMS: This was a retrospective study to develop and validate an optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based calcium scoring system to predict stent underexpansion. METHODS AND RESULTS: A calcium score was developed using 128 patients with pre- and post-stent OCT (test cohort) and then validated in an external cohort of 133 patients. In the test cohort, a multivariable model showed that the independent predictors of stent expansion were maximum calcium angle per 180° (regression coefficient: -7.43; p<0.01), maximum calcium thickness per 0.5 mm (-3.40; p=0.02), and calcium length per 5 mm (-2.32; p=0.01). A calcium score was then defined as 2 points for maximum angle >180°, 1 point for maximum thickness >0.5 mm, and 1 point for length >5 mm. In the validation cohort, the lesions with calcium score of 0 to 3 had excellent stent expansion, whereas the lesions with a score of 4 had poor stent expansion (96% versus 78%, p<0.01). On multivariate analysis the calcium score was an independent predictor of stent underexpansion. CONCLUSIONS: An OCT-based calcium scoring system can help to identify lesions that would benefit from plaque modification prior to stent implantation. Lesions with calcium deposit with maximum angle >180°, maximum thickness >0.5 mm, and length >5 mm may be at risk of stent underexpansion.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Layered pattern (presumed to be healed plaque after a thrombotic event) can be observed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). We sought to assess the ability of OCT-detected plaque composition to predict acute side branch (SB) occlusion after provisional bifurcation stenting. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study using pre-intervention OCT in the main vessel to predict Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade ≤1 in a SB (diameter ≥ 1.5 mm) after provisional bifurcation stenting. OCT-detected layered pattern was defined as plaque with a superficial layer that had a different optical intensity and a clear demarcation from underlying tissue. RESULTS: Overall, 207 patients with stable coronary disease were included. SB occlusion occurred in 26/207 (12.6%) bifurcation lesions. Operators decided not to perform additional treatment, and TIMI flow did not improve to ≥2 in cases with SB occlusion. The prevalence of OCT-detected layered pattern was more common in lesions with versus without SB occlusion (88.5% versus 33.7%, p < 0.0001); OCT-detected layered pattern was more often located on the same side of the SB (73.9% versus 21.3%, p < 0.0001) circumferentially compared to lesions without SB occlusion. Multivariable analysis showed that OCT-detected layered pattern was an independent predictor of SB occlusion (odds ratio 18.8, 95% confidence interval 5.1-68.8, p < 0.0001) along with true bifurcation lesion and wider angiographic bifurcation angle. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an OCT-detected layered pattern near its ostium was a strong predictor of SB occlusion after provisional bifurcation stenting.

20.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 10(12): 1487-1503, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29216976

RESUMO

Procedural guidance with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging improves the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by: 1) informing the necessity for lesion preparation; 2) directing appropriate stent sizing to maximize the final stent area and minimize geographic miss; 3) selecting the optimal stent length to cover residual disease adjacent to the lesion, thus minimizing geographic miss; 4) guiding optimal stent expansion; 5) identifying acute complications (edge dissection, stent malapposition, tissue protrusion); and 6) clarifying the mechanism of late stent failure (stent thrombosis, neointimal hyperplasia, stent underexpansion or fracture, or neoatherosclerosis). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides similar information to IVUS (with some important differences), also potentially improving acute and long-term patient outcomes compared to angiography-guided PCI. The purpose of this review is to describe the similarities and differences between IVUS and OCT technologies, and to highlight the evidence supporting their utility to improve PCI outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
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