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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal disease with repeated cycles of exacerbation and remission. Infliximab (IFX), a chimeric anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody, has been widely used for the treatment of CD. However, no study in Japanese CD patients receiving continuous IFX for more than 1 year has been reported. To avoid therapeutic failure during long-term administration in Japanese CD patients, we evaluated the variable factors of IFX pharmacokinetics and the optimal trough IFX concentration at 8 weeks after administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Population pharmacokinetic (PPK) analysis was performed using the nonlinear mixed-effect model based on the IFX serum concentration in 832 samples from 121 patients. A one-compartment model was used to examine interindividual variability in the systemic clearance (CL) of intravenously administered IFX. RESULTS: PPK estimates (estimated value, RSE%) were total clearance (CL: 0.018 L/h, 9.1) and volumes of distribution (Vd: 7.35 L, 12.0). Interindividual variability for CL and Vd of 0.11 and 0.16, respectively, was found. Body weight, antibody to IFX (ATI), and albumin level were factors affecting the IFX CL. IFX CL was greater in the ATI-positive than in the ATI-negative group. CL was also greater in nonremission patients. There was a significant association between the predicted serum IFX trough concentration at 8 weeks and therapeutic response with long-term continuous administration (p < 0.05), with a higher concentration at 8 weeks seen in the remission group. CONCLUSION: Using these variables including body weight, ATI, and albumin level, the IFX dose could be calculated for individual CD patients to achieve the optimal therapeutic range.
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2.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e030134, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501121

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease that mainly affects the colon in young patients. Typical symptoms of UC are bloody diarrhoea and faecal urgency, which disturb the quality of life (QOL) of patients, and intractable UC leads to hospitalisation and colectomy. To improve relevant outcomes such as symptoms, QOL and colectomy, many clinical questions need to be resolved regarding what the ideal lifestyle, psychosocial burden and optimal practice patterns are. In this YOu and Ulcerative colitis: Registry and Social network (YOURS) study, we will investigate the effect of lifestyle, psychosocial factors and practice patterns on patient-reported outcomes (PRO), hospitalisation rate and colectomy rate in Japanese patients with UC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: For this prospective cohort study, we recruited 2006 patients from five hospitals (Tokyo and Chiba; May 2018-January 2019). Patients will be able to access their own data and compare them with summarised data from all patients on the website beyond the YOURS study. At baseline, patients will answer a questionnaire regarding lifestyle (diet, exercise, sleep and work), psychosocial factors (stress, depression and social support) and PRO (symptoms and QOL). Information on practice patterns (eg, medications, endoscopy frequency) will be collected from electronic medical records. Gaps between patients' needs and healthcare professionals' practice will be identified. Follow-up surveys will be conducted periodically for approximately 3 years. Research questions suggested by patients and healthcare professionals may be used in subsequent surveys. Results from the YOURS study will demonstrate optimal UC management strategies to improve relevant outcomes.The study was approved by the ethics committees of five investigational sites before starting the study. The results will be submitted to journals.UMIN000031995.

3.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD012893, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, and immune response modulation is the main treatment strategy to induce remission in active CD. Certolizumab pegol (CZP) is a tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α) inhibitor which regulates impaired immune response. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CZP for the induction of remission in CD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, the Cochrane IBD group specialized register, trials registers and other sources from inception to 28 January 2019. Moreover, we contacted the pharmaceutical company that manufactures CZP. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials comparing CZP with placebo or no treatment in active CD patients. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard Cochrane methodological procedures. The main outcomes selected for GRADE analysis were clinical remission at week 8 (Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI] ≤150), clinical response at week 8 (CDAI reduction ≥ 100 or clinical remission), and serious adverse events. The Mantel-Haenszel random-effects method was applied for the statistical analyses. For dichotomous outcomes, we calculated the risk ratio (RR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). MAIN RESULTS: Four studies involving 1485 participants with moderate to severe CD met the inclusion criteria and were used in the meta-analyses. All studies included active CD patients with CDAI ranging from 220 to 450. Most patients were adults over 18 years of age. One study was identified as high risk of bias due to a non-identical placebo while the other studies were judged to be at low risk of bias.CZP (100 mg to 400 mg every 2 to 4 weeks) was shown to be superior to placebo for achieving clinical remission at week 8 (RR 1.36, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.66; moderate certainty evidence). The raw numbers of participants achieving clinical remission at week 8 were 26.9% (225/835) and 19.8% (129/650) in the CZP and the placebo groups, respectively.CZP was shown to be superior to placebo for achieving clinical response at week 8 (RR 1.29, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.53; moderate certainty evidence). In raw numbers, clinical response at week 8 was achieved in 40.2% (336/835) and 30.9% (201/650) of participants in the CZP and the placebo groups, respectively.In raw numbers, serious adverse events were observed in 8.7% (73/835) and 6.2% (40/650) of participants in the CZP and the placebo groups, respectively (RR 1.35, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.97; moderate certainty evidence). Serious adverse events included worsening Crohn's disease, infections, and malignancy. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Moderate certainty evidence suggests that CZP is effective for induction of clinical remission and clinical response in participants with active CD patients. It is uncertain whether the risk of serious adverse events differs between CZP and placebo as the 95% CI includes the possibility of a small decrease or doubling of events. Future studies are needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of CZP in CD patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Certolizumab Pegol/uso terapêutico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia de Indução , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Indução de Remissão
4.
J Gastroenterol ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We recently reported the efficacy of indigo naturalis (IN) in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC) in a randomized controlled trial (INDIGO study). However, few studies have been conducted to investigate whether IN is effective even in treatment-refractory cases, such as in those with steroid dependency and anti-TNF refractoriness. METHODS: In the INDIGO study, 86 patients with active UC were randomly assigned to an IN group (0.5-2.0 g daily) or placebo group. The rate of clinical response (CR), mucosal healing (MH), and change in fecal calprotectin (FCP) levels was compared between refractory [patients with steroid-dependent disease, previous use of anti-TNF-α, and concomitant use of immunomodulators (IM)] and non-refractory patients. We also analyzed factors predicting CR and MH at week 8. RESULTS: The rates of CR of IN group were significantly higher than placebo group, even in patients with steroid-dependent disease (p < 0.001), previous use of anti-TNF-α (p = 0.002), and concomitant use of IM (p = 0.013). The rates of MH in IN group were significantly higher than in placebo group in patients with steroid-dependent disease (p = 0.009). In the IN group, median FCP levels, at week 8, were significantly lower than baseline in patients with steroid-dependent disease and patients with the previous use of anti-TNF-α (p < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis indicated that the previous use of anti-TNF-α was not a predictive factor for CR and MH at week 8. CONCLUSIONS: In a sub-analysis of data from a randomized placebo-controlled trial, we found that IN may be useful even in patients with steroid-dependent disease and patients with the previous use of anti-TNF-α.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: We compared the diagnostic accuracy of the fecal calprotectin (FCP) test vs the fecal immunochemical blood test (FIT) in determining the endoscopic severity and predicting outcomes of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We performed a nationwide study of 879 patients with UC, enrolled at medical centers across Japan, from March 2015 to March 2017. We collected data on fecal biomarkers, endoscopic severities, and other clinical indices from Cohort 1 (n = 427) and assessed the diagnostic accuracy of FCP measurement and FIT results in determining clinical severity, based on Mayo score, and endoscopic remission, based on Mayo endoscopic sub-score (MES) or UC endoscopic index of severity. We also followed 452 patients in clinical remission from UC (Cohort 2) for 12 months and evaluated the associations of FCP levels and FIT results with clinical recurrence. RESULTS: The levels of FCP and FIT each correlated with the MES and UC endoscopic index of severity. There were no significant differences in the areas under the curve of FCP vs FIT in distinguishing patients with MES≤1 from those with MES≥2 (P = .394) or in distinguishing patients with MES=0 from those with MES≥1 (P = .178). Among 405 patients in clinical remission at baseline, 38 (9.4%) had UC recurrences within 3 months and 90 (22.2%) had recurrences within 12 months. FCP≥146 mg/kg (hazard ratio [HR], 4.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.80-8.33) and FIT≥77 ng/mL (HR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.76-4.83) were independently associated with clinical recurrence within 12 months. UC recurred within 12 months in 69% of patients with levels of FCP≥146 mg/kg and FIT ≥77 ng/mL; this value was significantly higher than the rate of recurrence in patients with levels of FCP≥146 mg/kg and FIT <77 ng/mL (31.5%, P < .001) or patients with levels of FCP<146 mg/kg and FIT ≥77 ng/mL (30.0%, P < .001). CONCLUSION: In a nationwide study of patients with UC in Japan, we found that the level of FCP and FIT could each identify patients with endoscopic markers of disease severity (MES≥2). The combination of FCP and FIT results can identify patients in remission who are at risk for disease recurrence. Clinical Trials Registry no: UMIN000017650 (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/).

7.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(10): 1751-1757, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: A missense variant of the nucleoside diphosphate-linked moiety X-type motif 15 (NUDT15) gene (R139C) predisposes Asian patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to thiopurine-induced leukopenia. This study evaluates the long-term effect of NUDT15 R139C heterozygosity on hematological parameters during thiopurine administration. METHODS: We enrolled 83 Japanese IBD patients who were on anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents and had used thiopurine. NUDT15 R139C was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction. We retrospectively reviewed patient clinical charts to collect data on white blood cell (WBC) count, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), hemoglobin, and platelet count during the 24 months following thiopurine initiation. RESULTS: The included patients had either Crohn's disease (54; 65.1%) or ulcerative colitis (29; 34.9%). Genotyping of NUDT15 R139C identified 62 patients (74.7%) of genotype C/C and 21 (25.3%) of genotype C/T. The median dose of thiopurine was lower in the C/T group than in the C/C group after starting thiopurine. At 6 months, the mean WBC count of the C/T group became significantly lower than that of the C/C group (P = 0.008) and remained lower through the 24 months. The C/T group developed grade 2-4 leukopenia by 6 months, which persisted through 12-24 months. The mean MCV in the C/T group became higher than that of the C/C group after 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: NUDT15 R139C heterozygosity affected the WBC count and MCV for 24 months after thiopurine administration. Our results indicate that careful monitoring of leukopenia and dose adjustment are necessary throughout treatment in IBD patients heterozygous for the NUDT15 R139C.

8.
Clin Auton Res ; 29(6): 633-638, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741396

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate gastrointestinal function in dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson disease. METHODS: We examined gastric emptying and colonic transit time in 19 dementia with Lewy bodies and 46 Parkinson disease patients. RESULTS: Gastric emptying was longer in dementia with Lewy bodies than in Parkinson disease (p = 0.014). Colonic transit time tended to be longer in dementia with Lewy bodies than in Parkinson disease. There was no relationship between gastric emptying and colonic transit time, nor between gastric emptying, colonic transit time and age. CONCLUSION: Gastric emptying was prolonged in dementia with Lewy bodies compared to Parkinson disease.

9.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(6): 1004-1010, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The treat-to-target strategy has emerged in ulcerative colitis management. Mucosal healing is the best target, albeit not in induction therapy of acute diseases as clinical conditions vary over a short duration. To determine the targets during induction therapy for acute ulcerative colitis, we identified markers to predict mucosal healing at 3 and 12 months of initiating the induction therapy. METHODS: This single-center prospective observational study enrolling 61 adult patients hospitalized for disease exacerbation collected the partial Mayo scores, ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity, fecal markers, and laboratory data (0 day, 2 weeks, and 3 and 12 months) of initiating induction therapy. RESULTS: At 2 weeks, patients with mucosal healing at 3 months had had lower partial Mayo and ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity scores and higher white blood cell count and total cholesterol than those without mucosal healing. At 3 months, patients with mucosal healing at 12 months had had lower partial Mayo and ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity scores than those without mucosal healing. A kinetic analysis demonstrated a difference in the partial Mayo scores and total cholesterol and albumin levels at 2 weeks and in the ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity, fecal calprotectin, and fecal immunochemical tests at 3 months between patients who achieved mucosal healing at 12 months and those who did not. CONCLUSIONS: Partial Mayo scores and total cholesterol levels act as short-term therapeutic targets during induction therapy in patients with acute ulcerative colitis. Mucosal healing at 3 months correlates to longer time mucosal healing.

10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 18(1): 160, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding the use of biologics in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients in Japan. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with the use of biologics in the treatment of Japanese patients with IBD. METHODS: An online survey was conducted among Japanese patients with IBD (n = 1035). Socioeconomic as well as treatment related information was collected. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the determinants of biologic treatment. RESULTS: Younger age (≤ 40 years vs. > 65 years; OR:0.24), time since diagnosis (< 2 years vs. < 15 years; OR: 4.16), surgical history (OR:1.98) and visiting university hospitals (university hospitals vs. clinics; OR: 0.47) were associated with biologic treatment for Japanese IBD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, biologics have been used in younger IBD patients which may give rise to the presence of an age bias in biologic treatment. Further studies are required to confirm these results and to define appropriate IBD patients who should be treated with biologic agent.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/cirurgia , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0204632, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286108

RESUMO

Since anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents (TNF-α inhibitors) induce both clinical response and remission in patients with moderate to severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the use of anti-TNF therapies has fundamentally changed the approach to treatment for patients with IBD. Infliximab (IFX) is a TNF-α inhibitor approved for the induction and remission of Crohn's disease (CD). However, even among patients who initially demonstrate a clinical response to IFX therapy, secondary loss of response occurs, although the reason remains unknown. We therefore investigated predictive factors associated with the response to IFX in long-term maintenance treatment in Japanese CD patients. Eight types of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were investigated using the real-time PCR method, and patient characteristics were collected from the electronic medical records. The Crohn's Disease Activity Index criteria were used as the response to IFX therapy. The observation period was 1 year after IFX had been administered for more than 1 year. Associations between the IFX response and patient characteristics were evaluated using the multivariate logistic regression model. We studied 121 unrelated adult Japanese with CD treated for more than 1 year with IFX as outpatients at Keio University Hospital from November 1, 2014 to November 30, 2015. Among them, 71 were classified as in remisson. In multivariate analysis, patients with the TNF-α 857C>T C/C genotype, shorter disease duration, without double dosing, and combination treatment with an immunomodulator had higher remisson rates than those with the C/T or T/T genotype, longer disease duration, with double dosing, and no combination treatment with an immunomodulator. The response to IFX in Japanese CD patients may therefore be predicted by these 4 characteristics in actual clinical practice.

12.
Intest Res ; 16(4): 635-640, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301334

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the major clinical phenotypes of inflammatory bowel diseases. Although 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is widely used for UC and its efficacy and safety have been demonstrated, a few patients paradoxically develop a severe exacerbation of colitis by 5-ASA administration. It is crucial to know clinical features including endoscopic findings in this condition for making a correct diagnosis and a prompt decision to withdraw the medication. Here, we report case series with UC exacerbated by 5-ASA. Medical records of 8 UC patients experiencing an exacerbation of colitis after induction of 5-ASA that was improved by the withdrawal of 5-ASA but also re-aggravated by dose increase or re-administration of 5-ASA were reviewed. The patients were newly diagnosed with UC, started 5-ASA and developed an exacerbation in approximately 2 to 3 weeks. They did not appear to have systemic allergic reactions. Seven of the 8 patients had a high fever. Three of 5 patients who undertook total colonoscopy showed right-side-dominant colitis. These findings suggest clinical characteristics in this condition. Further assessment of clinical and endoscopic features in more cases is necessary for establishing diagnostic criteria and understanding underlying mechanisms in those cases where 5-ASA aggravates the colitis.

13.
Intest Res ; 16(3): 384-392, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30090037

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Recent research has highlighted the importance of interactions between commensal fungi and intestinal inflammation. However, there are few studies investigating whether commensal fungi contribute to inflammation in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study is to investigate reveal interactions between commensal fungi and host immune cells in CD. Methods: CD14-positive monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy human volunteers and then differentiated in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) (referred to as M-macrophages, M-Mϕs) or M-CSF and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) (referred to as M-gamma macrophages, Mγ-Mϕs). Cytokine production by these in vitro differentiated macrophages in response to ß-(1,3)-glucan was analyzed by flow cytometry. Expression of Dectin-1 was examined using flow cytometry, western blotting, and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Cytokine production by in vitro differentiated macrophages in response to ß-(1,3)-glucan was measured in the presence of an anti-Dectin-1 receptor antagonist, anti-Syr, or an anti-Fas-1 antibody. Cytokine production by lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) derived from CD patients in response to ß-(1,3)-glucan was also analyzed. Results: Mγ-Mϕs produced a large amount of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 in response to ß-(1,3)-glucan. Dectin-1 expression was significantly higher in Mγ-Mϕs than in M-Mϕs. The increase in TNF-α production by Mγ-Mϕs stimulated with glucan was reversed by blocking Dectin-1, Syr or Fas-1. LPMCs derived from CD patients stimulated with ß-(1,3)-glucan produced significantly higher amount of TNF-α than LPMCs derived from UC patients. Conclusions: These results suggest that commensal fungal microbiota may contribute to the pathogenesis of CD by inducing macrophages-derived pro-inflammatory cytokines.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29889986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a useful marker for assessing the activity of intestinal inflammation. However, most studies have used ileocolonoscopy to evaluate the association of FC with intestinal inflammation, and it is not clear whether FC is useful for the evaluation of small-bowel Crohn's disease (CD). This study aimed to determine the usefulness of FC for predicting intestinal inflammation evaluated by balloon-assisted endoscopy (BAE), which can visualize the deep small intestine. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 69 CD patients, 39 of whom had only small-bowel disease. The extended simplified endoscopic activity score for Crohn's disease (eSES-CD) was calculated based on the findings of BAE. Mucosal healing was defined as an eSES-CD of 0. RESULTS: In all CD patients, FC levels were correlated with the eSES-CD (r = 0.663, P < 0.001). The cutoff value to predict mucosal healing was 92 mg/kg, with a sensitivity of 94%, specificity of 88%, positive predictive value of 98%, negative predictive value of 64%, and the area under the curve of 0.91. Even in small-bowel CD patients, FC levels were correlated with the eSES-CD (r = 0.607, P < 0.001). The cutoff value was 92 mg/kg, with a sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 88%, positive predictive value of 96%, negative predictive value of 64%, and area under the curve of 0.85. CONCLUSIONS: Fecal calprotectin showed a significant correlation with the intestinal inflammation evaluated with BAE even in patients with only small intestinal disease. FC is useful for the evaluation of CD including both the small and large intestines.

15.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 24(8): 1791-1800, 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726897

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events. However, the incidence and necessity of prophylaxis for VTE in Asian IBD patients is unknown. We examined the incidence of VTE in East Asian IBD patients and analyze the possible risk factors. Methods: We conducted a multinational retrospective study of 2562 hospitalized IBD patients from 2010 to 2015. Moreover, a nationwide cohort study from 2001 to 2013 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) was conducted to analyze the incidence rate of VTE in IBD and non-IBD patients. Results: In the hospitalized cohort, 24 IBD patients [17 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 7 Crohn's disease (CD)] received a VTE diagnosis (0.9%). These patients had a higher proportion of extensive UC (P = 0.04), penetrating-type CD (P < 0.01), and bowel operation history (P = 0.01). VTE was associated with low hemoglobin (P < 0.01), low platelet (P < 0.01), and low albumin (P < 0.01) levels. For the nation-wide cohort study, 3178 IBD patients and 31,780 age- and sex-matched non-IBD patients were analyzed. The average incidence rate was 1.15 per 1000 person-years in the IBD cohort and 0.51 in the non-IBD cohort. The relative risk was 2.27 (95% CI, 1.99-2.60). Conclusions: East Asian IBD patients carry a 2-fold increased risk of VTE than the general population. The incidence of VTE in the East Asian IBD patients is still lower than that in Western countries. Therefore, close monitoring rather than routine prophylaxis of VTE in East Asian IBD patients is recommended.

16.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 24(12): 2641-2647, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846579

RESUMO

Background: The usefulness of second-generation colon capsule endoscopy (CCE-2) for ulcerative colitis (UC) has not been fully demonstrated. This study aimed to develop an endoscopic severity score of UC for CCE-2. Methods: Patients diagnosed with UC were enrolled prospectively and underwent colonoscopy and CCE-2 on the same day. The collected CCE-2 videos were adopted for the development of the score. These videos were scored by 4 blinded inflammatory bowel disease experts. The items validated with the Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCEIS) were used as the candidate items, some of which were automatically assessed using the workstation. Each item was divided into proximal and distal parts at the splenic flexure and then individually assessed. The image readers simultaneously evaluated the inflammation severity using the visual analog scale (VAS). The descriptors that contribute to this scale were evaluated, and a model to predict the VAS was constructed. The UCEIS was scored by other endoscopists using colonoscopy videos. The correlation coefficients with fecal calprotectin, blood tests, and Lichtiger index were calculated. Results: The final scoring system was fixed as "vascular pattern sum (proximal + distal) + bleeding sum + erosions and ulcers sum (minimum-maximum, 0-14)" and was named Capsule Scoring of Ulcerative Colitis (CSUC). The correlation coefficient of CSUC with biomarkers and clinical score was similar to that of the UCEIS. Conclusions: We developed a new simple score using the 3 descriptors of CCE-2.

17.
Intest Res ; 16(1): 4-16, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422793

RESUMO

Because anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy has become increasingly popular in many Asian countries, the risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) among anti-TNF users may raise serious health problems in this region. Thus, the Asian Organization for Crohn's and Colitis and the Asia Pacific Association of Gastroenterology have developed a set of consensus statements about risk assessment, detection and prevention of latent TB infection, and management of active TB infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving anti-TNF treatment. Twenty-three consensus statements were initially drafted and then discussed by the committee members. The quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations were assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology. Web-based consensus voting was performed by 211 IBD specialists from 9 Asian countries concerning each statement. A consensus statement was accepted if at least 75% of the participants agreed. Part 1 of the statements comprised 2 parts: risk of TB infection Recommendaduring anti-TNF therapy, and screening for TB infection prior to commencing anti-TNF therapy. These consensus statements will help clinicians optimize patient outcomes by reducing the morbidity and mortality related to TB infections in patients with IBD receiving anti-TNF treatment.

18.
Intest Res ; 16(1): 17-25, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422794

RESUMO

Because anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy has become increasingly popular in many Asian countries, the risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) among anti-TNF users may raise serious health problems in this region. Thus, the Asian Organization for Crohn's and Colitis and the Asia Pacific Association of Gastroenterology have developed a set of consensus statements about risk assessment, detection and prevention of latent TB infection, and management of active TB infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving anti-TNF treatment. Twenty-three consensus statements were initially drafted and then discussed by the committee members. The quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations were assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology. Web-based consensus voting was performed by 211 IBD specialists from 9 Asian countries concerning each statement. A consensus statement was accepted if at least 75% of the participants agreed. Part 2 of the statements comprised 3 parts: management of latent TB in preparation for anti-TNF therapy, monitoring during anti-TNF therapy, and management of an active TB infection after anti-TNF therapy. These consensus statements will help clinicians optimize patient outcomes by reducing the morbidity and mortality related to TB infections in patients with IBD receiving anti-TNF treatment.

19.
Intest Res ; 16(1): 142-146, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422809

RESUMO

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been reported as a safe and effective therapy in patients with refractory and recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). FMT has also been reported as a promising therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Both, CDI and UC, are believed to be caused by dysbiosis, such as altered compositions or decreased diversity of the intestinal microbiota. This report describes a patient with UC in remission with a second recurrent episode of CDI, who was treated with FMT. A single FMT performed via colonoscopy completely resolved the patient's diarrhea and eradicated C. difficile bacteriologically without any severe complications. Molecular biological analysis of the patient's fecal microbiota showed that FMT could dramatically change the altered composition of intestinal microbiota and restore its diversity. Despite the restoration of the intestinal microbiota, FMT could not prevent a relapse of UC in this patient. However, it improved the intestinal symptoms of CDI and could prevent further recurrences of CDI.

20.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 33(8): 1485-1491, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29406567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The number of elderly patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) is increasing. Several new therapies for UC have improved patient outcomes. Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) is an extracorporeal therapy for UC. However, its efficacy and safety for elderly UC patients has not been reported. METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a large, prospective, observational study of LCAP, conducted at 116 medical facilities in Japan between May 2010 and December 2012. Of 847 patients included in this analysis, LCAP was used in 75 (8.9%) elderly patients (≥ 65 years) and 772 (91.1%) non-elderly patients. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events in the elderly, and the rate of adverse events between the non-elderly and elderly was not different. Overall rate of remission was also not different between the two groups. In patients who were not on concomitant treatment with corticosteroids, the rate of remission was significantly higher in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group (90.9% [20/22] vs 64.6% [135/209], P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Real-world data demonstrate that the safety and tolerability of LCAP were comparable in the elderly and non-elderly groups, indicating that it is well tolerated by elderly UC patients.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Leucaférese , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
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