Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 128
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Bioact Mater ; 7: 227-241, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466729

RESUMO

Obesity is a complex and incompletely understood disease, but current drug screening strategies mostly rely on immature in vitro adipose models which cannot recapitulate it properly. To address this issue, we developed a statistically validated high-throughput screening model by seeding human mature adipocytes from patients, encapsulated in physiological collagen microfibers. These drop tissues ensured the maintenance of adipocyte viability and functionality for controlling glucose and fatty acids uptake, as well as glycerol release. As such, patients' BMI and insulin sensitivity displayed a strong inverse correlation: the healthy adipocytes were associated with the highest insulin-induced glucose uptake, while insulin resistance was confirmed in the underweight and severely obese adipocytes. Insulin sensitivity recovery was possible with two type 2 diabetes treatments, rosiglitazone and melatonin. Finally, the addition of blood vasculature to the model seemed to more accurately recapitulate the in vivo physiology, with particular respect to leptin secretion metabolism.

2.
Langmuir ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792367

RESUMO

Improving the efficiency and selectivity of drug delivery systems (DDS) is still a major challenge in cancer therapy. Recently, the low transport efficiency of anticancer drugs using a nanocarrier due to the elimination of the carriers from the blood circulation and the blocking by tumor stromal tissues surrounding cancer cells has been reported. Furthermore, multiple steps are required for their intracellular delivery. We recently reported a cancer microenvironment-targeting therapy termed molecular block (MB) which induced cancer cell death by a pH-driven self-aggregation and cell membrane disruption at tumor microenvironment. The MB were designed to disperse as nanoscale assemblies in the bloodstream for efficient circulation and penetration through the stromal tissues. When the MBs reach the tumor site, they self-assembled in microscale aggregates on the cancer cell surfaces in response to the cancer microenvironment and induced cancer cell death. However, in vivo study in mice showed that the MB could not efficiently accumulate at the tumor site because slight hydrophobic aggregations in the bloodstream might potentially be the reason for the off-target accumulation. In this study, we optimize the hydrophilic-hydrophobic balance of MB for avoiding the off-target accumulation and for gaining higher sensitivity to the cancer microenvironment at weak acid condition. Copper-free click reaction with propiolic acid was used to reduce the hydrophobicity of the main chain and obtain higher responsive MB at cancer microenvironment for rapid cell killing. The optimized MB can be considered as a promising approach for an improved cancer cell targeting.

3.
Soft Matter ; 17(39): 8769-8785, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604877

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting has rapidly developed in the last decade, playing an increasingly important role in applications including pharmacokinetics research, tissue engineering, and organ regeneration. As a cutting-edge technology in 3D printing, gel bath-supported 3D bioprinting enables the freeform construction of complex structures with soft and water-containing materials, facilitating the in vitro fabrication of live tissue or organ models. To realize in vivo-like organs or tissues in terms of biological functions and complex structures by 3D printing, high resolution and fidelity are prerequisites. Although a wide range of gel matrices have recently been developed as supporting materials, the effect of bath properties and printing parameters on the print resolution is still not clearly understood. This review systematically introduces the decisive factors for resolution in both bulk gel bath systems and granular microgel bath systems, providing guidelines for high-resolution 3D bioprinting based on bath properties and printing parameters.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Microgéis , Banhos , Impressão Tridimensional , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
4.
Anal Chem ; 93(43): 14409-14416, 2021 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628861

RESUMO

The mechanical phenotype of cells is an intrinsic property of individual cells. In fact, this property could serve as a label-free, non-destructive, diagnostic marker of the state of cells owing to its remarkable translational potential. A microfluidic device is a strong candidate for meeting the demand of this translational research as it can be used to diagnose a large population of cells at a single cell level in a high-throughput manner, without the need for off-line pretreatment operations. In this study, we investigated the mechanical phenotype of the human colon adenocarcinoma cell, HT29, which is known to be a heterogeneous cell line with both multipotency and self-renewal abilities. This type of cancer stem-like cell (CSC) is believed to be the unique originators of all tumor cells and may serve as the leading cause of cancer metastasis and drug resistance. By combining consecutive constrictions and microchannels with an ionic current sensing system, we found a high heterogeneity of cell deformability in the population of HT29 cells. Moreover, based on the level of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity and the expression level of CD44s, which are biochemical markers that suggest the multipotency of cells, the high heterogeneity of cell deformability was concluded to be a potential mechanical marker of CSCs. The development of label-free and non-destructive identification and collection techniques for CSCs has remarkable potential not only for cancer diagnosis and prognosis but also for the discovery of a new treatment for cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HT29 , Humanos , Microfluídica , Neoplasias , Prognóstico
5.
Biomater Sci ; 9(19): 6574-6583, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582534

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis, the pathogen of periodontal disease, is thought to be involved in various diseases throughout the body via gingival tissue blood capillaries. However, the dynamic analysis of the infection mechanism, particularly the deep invasion process of the gingival tissue, has not yet been elucidated because of the lack of both in vivo and in vitro models. In this study, we developed a vascularized three-dimensional (3D) gingival model with an epithelial barrier expressing cell-cell junctions using collagen microfibers (CMFs) to enable the dynamic analysis of the P. gingivalis invasion process. Lipid raft disruption experiments in the gingival epithelial cell layer demonstrated that P. gingivalis migrates into the deeper epithelium via the intercellular pathway rather than intracellular routes. P. gingivalis was shown to invade the 3D gingival model, being found inside blood capillaries during two days of culture. Notably, the number of bacteria had increased greatly at least two days later, whereas the mutant P. gingivalis lacking the cysteine proteases, gingipains, showed a significantly lower number of survivors. The secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) from the gingival tissue decreased during the two days of infection with the wild type P. gingivalis, but the opposite was found for the mutant suggesting that P. gingivalis infection disturbs IL-6 secretion at an early stage. By allowing the dynamic observation of the P. gingivalis invasion from the epithelial cell layer into the blood capillaries for the first time, this model will be a powerful tool for the development of novel therapeutics against periodontal infection related diseases.


Assuntos
Capilares , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais , Gengiva , Humanos
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17989, 2021 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504254

RESUMO

Prevascularized artificial three-dimensional (3D) tissues are effective biomaterials for regenerative medicine. We have previously established a scaffold-free 3D artificial vascular tissue from normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) and umbilical vein-derived endothelial cells (HUVECs) by layer-by-layer cell coating technique. In this study, we constructed an artificial vascular tissue constructed by human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (hASCs) and HUVECs (ASCVT) by a modified technique with cryopreservation. ASCVT showed a higher thickness with more dense vascular networks than the 3D tissue based on NHDFs. Correspondingly, 3D-cultured ASCs showed higher expression of several angiogenesis-related factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor-A and hepatic growth factor, compared to that of NHDFs. Moreover, perivascular cells in ASCVT were detected by pericyte markers, suggesting the differentiation of hASCs into pericyte-like cells. Subcutaneous transplantation of ASCVTs to nude mice resulted in an engraftment with anastomosis of host's vascular structures at 2 weeks after operation. In the engrafted tissue, the vascular network was surrounded by mural-like structure-forming hASCs, in which some parts developed to form vein-like structures at 4 weeks, suggesting the generation of functional vessel networks. These results demonstrated that cryopreserved human cells, including hASCs, could be used directly to construct the artificial transplantable tissue for regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Transplantes/citologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fibroblastos , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Modelos Animais , Medicina Regenerativa/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Transplante de Tecidos/métodos , Transfecção , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Cell Microbiol ; 23(11): e13388, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448537

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major pathogen of human periodontitis and dysregulates innate immunity at the gingival epithelial surface. We previously reported that the bacterium specifically degrades junctional adhesion molecule 1 (JAM1), causing gingival epithelial barrier breakdown. However, the functions of other JAM family protein(s) in epithelial barrier dysregulation caused by P. gingivalis are not fully understood. The present results show that gingipains, Arg-specific or Lys-specific cysteine proteases produced by P. gingivalis, specifically degrade coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CXADR), a JAM family protein, at R145 and K235 in gingival epithelial cells. In contrast, a gingipain-deficient P. gingivalis strain was found to be impaired in regard to degradation of CXADR. Furthermore, knockdown of CXADR in artificial gingival epithelium increased permeability to dextran 40 kDa, lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan, whereas overexpression of CXADR in a gingival epithelial tissue model prevented penetration by those agents following P. gingivalis infection. Together, these results suggest that P. gingivalis gingipains breach the stratified squamous epithelium barrier by degrading CXADR as well as JAM1, which allows for efficient transfer of bacterial virulence factors into subepithelial tissues. TAKEAWAYS: P. gingivalis, a periodontal pathogen, degraded coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CXADR), a JAM family protein, in gingival epithelial tissues. P. gingivalis gingipains, cysteine proteases, degraded CXADR at R145 and K235. CXADR degradation by P. gingivalis caused increased permeability to lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan through gingival epithelial tissues.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5059, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429413

RESUMO

With the current interest in cultured meat, mammalian cell-based meat has mostly been unstructured. There is thus still a high demand for artificial steak-like meat. We demonstrate in vitro construction of engineered steak-like tissue assembled of three types of bovine cell fibers (muscle, fat, and vessel). Because actual meat is an aligned assembly of the fibers connected to the tendon for the actions of contraction and relaxation, tendon-gel integrated bioprinting was developed to construct tendon-like gels. In this study, a total of 72 fibers comprising 42 muscles, 28 adipose tissues, and 2 blood capillaries were constructed by tendon-gel integrated bioprinting and manually assembled to fabricate steak-like meat with a diameter of 5 mm and a length of 10 mm inspired by a meat cut. The developed tendon-gel integrated bioprinting here could be a promising technology for the fabrication of the desired types of steak-like cultured meats.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão/métodos , Géis , Carne , Tendões , Animais , Bovinos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Colágeno , Células Endoteliais , Músculos/citologia , Músculos/fisiologia , Impressão Tridimensional , Células-Tronco , Tendões/citologia , Engenharia Tecidual
9.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 321(1): G29-G40, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949214

RESUMO

A device that can easily measure electrical impedance might be a helpful tool for investigating the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The first aim of this study was to validate our newly developed bioelectrical admittance measurement (BAM) through in vitro experimentation. The second aim was to investigate whether evaluation of BAM by this measurement differed between patients with heartburn according to their response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Caco-2 cell monolayers and three-dimensional tissues were examined by BAM using a frequency response analyzer. BAM was also used to measure the impedance through cell layers. Subsequently, BAM was performed during endoscopy in 41 patients experiencing heartburn without esophageal mucosal breaks. After 2-wk administration of 20-mg rabeprazole twice daily, patient responses to PPI were classified as "good" or "poor" according to their clinical course. In each patient, histological alterations and gene expression levels of inflammation mediators and tight junction proteins were evaluated. Impedance profiles indicated that monolayer Caco-2 cells on top of eight-layered normal human dermal fibroblasts had the highest magnitude of impedance over the range of frequencies. In vivo results revealed that patients with good responses to PPI displayed significantly higher admittance. Severity of low-grade inflammation was significantly associated with esophageal wall admittance. Moreover, esophageal wall admittance may be more closely related to basal zone hyperplasia than dilatation of intercellular spaces. Thus, BAM may be able to detect abnormalities in the subepithelial layer of the esophagus.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Bioelectrical admittance measurement is a new method to evaluate esophageal mucosal permeability vertically during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Measurement of low-grade inflammation of the esophageal mucosa with electrical conductivity shows promise in assessing proton pump inhibitor responsiveness in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. As various gastrointestinal diseases are associated with changes in mucosal permeability, bioelectrical admittance measurement is expected to be clinically applied to therapeutic decision-making for these diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Condutividade Elétrica , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Rabeprazol/farmacologia , Animais , Células CACO-2/citologia , Mucosa Esofágica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Esofágica/fisiopatologia , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico/métodos , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Inflamação/classificação , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Membrana Mucosa/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(42): 5131-5134, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988188

RESUMO

Controlled release of oxygen from myoglobin was achieved by modulating autoxidation of oxymyoglobin using ascorbic acid as a reductant by temperature variation. Long-term storage, prompt release and re-storage of oxygen were also available with this system. Furthermore, 20 nm thick nanofilms composed of oxymyoglobin and type I collagen containing ascorbic acid could successfully show autoxidation of oxymyoglobin in response to environmental temperature. The ultrathin nanofilms will be useful as oxygen-controlled releasable scaffolds for tissue engineering application.


Assuntos
Mioglobina/metabolismo , Nanoestruturas/química , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Colágeno Tipo I/química , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Mioglobina/química , Oxirredução , Oxigênio/química , Técnicas de Microbalança de Cristal de Quartzo , Temperatura
11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5654, 2021 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707655

RESUMO

We hypothesized that an appropriate ratio of cardiomyocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and extracellular matrix (ECM) factors would be required for the development of three-dimensional cardiac tissues (3D-CTs) as drug screening systems. To verify this hypothesis, ECM-coated human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs), ECM-coated cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), and uncoated cardiac endothelial cells (CEs) were mixed in the following ratios: 10:0:0 (10CT), 7:2:1 (7CT), 5:4:1 (5CT), and 2:7:1 (2CT). The expression of cardiac-, fibroblasts-, and endothelial-specific markers was assessed by FACS, qPCR, and immunostaining while that of ECM-, cell adhesion-, and ion channel-related genes was examined by qPCR. Finally, the contractile properties of the tissues were evaluated in the absence or presence of E-4031 and isoproterenol. The expression of ECM- and adhesion-related genes significantly increased, while that of ion channel-related genes significantly decreased with the CF proportion. Notably, 7CT showed the greatest contractility of all 3D-CTs. When exposed to E-4031 (hERG K channel blocker), 7CT and 5CT showed significantly decreased contractility and increased QT prolongation. Moreover, 10CT and 7CT exhibited a stronger response to isoproterenol than did the other 3D-CTs. Finally, 7CT showed the highest drug sensitivity among all 3D-CTs. In conclusion, 3D-CTs with an appropriate amount of fibroblasts/endothelial cells (7CT in this study) are suitable drug screening systems, e.g. for the detection of drug-induced arrhythmia.

12.
J Surg Res ; 261: 351-360, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is considered as one of the most malignant types of cancer with rapid metastasis and invasion of the cancer cells, having peritoneal metastasis (PM) as a dominant factor of poor prognosis. Although the prevention of peritoneal dissemination would result in the inhibition of the initial metastatic process and contribute in improving the poor prognosis of the pancreatic cancer, the initial dynamics of PM are still unclear because of the lack of adequate models in studying the morphological and molecular details of pancreatic cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The artificial human peritoneal tissue (AHPT) that can be applied in studying for the spatial dynamics of cancer PM in vitro has been established previously. In this study, the initial dynamics of the three pancreatic cell lines, undifferentiated carcinoma MIA PaCa-2, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma Panc-1, and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma BxPC3 on AHPT are examined. RESULTS: In a morphological analysis using light and electron microscopy, MIA PaCa-2 cells spread on the mesothelial layer with disruption of the sheet structure and infiltrated into the stroma-like tissue in AHPT. On the other hand, BxPC3 cells changed shapes from round into flat ones with rapid proliferation and formed sheet structure at the surface of the tissue replacing the mesothelial layer without vertical invasion into the tissue. Panc-1 cells demonstrated the intermediate characteristics of MIA PaCa-2 and BxPC3 on AHPT. These diverse morphological characteristics were verified by the correspondence with the results in a mouse model and were reflected by the profile of secreted oncogenic proteins of the three pancreatic cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: The initial dynamics in the peritoneal dissemination of these pancreatic cancer cell lines were demonstrated by AHPT, showing the morphological and molecular diversity depending on the degree of differentiation or the properties of oncogenic protein secretion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/secundário , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Animais , Carcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos Nus , Metástase Neoplásica
13.
Anal Sci ; 37(3): 491-497, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310992

RESUMO

Various cells and tissues are highly organized in vivo by basement membranes (BMs) and thus promising artificial BMs (A-BMs) constructed by electrospinning and layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly have recently attracted much attention in the tissue engineering field. However, control of cell adhesion, morphology, and migration of the attached cells on the A-BMs has not been reported yet. In this study, we investigated both thickness and roughness-dependent effects of A-BMs on the functions of endothelial cells (ECs), which resulted from different assembly concentrations. The results indicated that the roughness of A-BMs increased gradually with the increase of nanofilm thickness. EC adhesion, spreading and proliferation were inhibited on thicker A-BM surfaces with larger roughness, while interendothelial junctions and the barrier effect of confluent EC monolayers on thicker A-BM surfaces were compensated by increasing seeding cell number and expanding culture time. Our study highlights the influence of LbL assembly conditions on endothelial functions, which offers a new criterion for the design of A-BMs in well-organized 3D tissues.


Assuntos
Membrana Basal/química , Células Endoteliais/química , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Humanos
14.
Biomed Mater ; 16(1): 015006, 2020 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331293

RESUMO

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) protects the human brain from external aggression. Despite its great importance, very few in vitro models of the BBB reproducing its complex organization are available yet. Here we fabricated such a three-dimensional (3D) self-organized in vitro model of BBB microvasculature by means of a combination of collagen microfibers (CMF) and fibrin gel. The interconnected fibers supported human brain microvascular endothelial cell migration and the formation of a capillary-like network with a lumen diameter close to in vivo values. Fibrin, a protein involved in blood vessel repair, favored the further 3D conformation of the brain microvascular endothelial cells, astrocytes and pericytes, ensured gel cohesion and avoided shrinkage. The maturation of the BBB microvasculature network was stimulated by both the CMF and the fibrin in the hydrogel. The expression of essential tight-junction proteins, carriers and transporters was validated in regards to bidimensional simple coculture. The volume of gel drops was easily tunable to fit in 96-well plates. The cytotoxicity of D-Mannitol and its impacts on the microvascular network were evaluated, as an example of the pertinence of this 3D BBB capillary model for screening applications.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/anatomia & histologia , Microvasos/anatomia & histologia , Modelos Anatômicos , Astrócitos/citologia , Astrócitos/fisiologia , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno/química , Módulo de Elasticidade , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/fisiologia , Fibrina/química , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Técnicas In Vitro , Manitol/toxicidade , Microvasos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microvasos/fisiologia , Pericitos/citologia , Pericitos/fisiologia
15.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 6(10): 5711-5719, 2020 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320579

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative disease that mainly occurs in older age groups, and the search for an effective cure remains a major global challenge. The technology of constructing 3D in vitro cartilage tissue with zonal differentiated structures for use as alternative implants for treating osteoarthritis has attracted researchers' attention. For this challenge, it is important for understanding the relationship between chondrocyte differentiation and the amount of extracellular matrix by modulating intercellular distance. This study investigates the interplay between chondrocyte differentiation and intercellular distance. Type II collagen microfibers (CMF II) were used as a distance regulator by varying their amounts. The results indicated that the secretion of cartilage-specific glycosaminoglycan after 2 weeks of differentiation from the chondrogenic cells, ATDC5, was decreased with an increased intercellular distance. Also, the shortest intercellular distance, being ATDC5 cells without CMF II, presented an upregulated gene expression profile of cartilage markers. The groups with CMF II-mediated intracellular distances, however, did not show the upregulation. The elastic modulus of the 3D samples increased depending on the amount of CMF II, relating to the differentiation preventing property of the CMF II. These findings suggest the promising potential of this approach for the modulation of chondrocyte differentiation.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , Condrogênese , Cartilagem , Diferenciação Celular , Colágeno Tipo II/genética
16.
Biomacromolecules ; 21(12): 4923-4932, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099998

RESUMO

In the human body, highly organized tissues rely on the compartmentalization effect of basement membranes (BMs) that separate different types of cells. We recently reported an artificial basement membrane (A-BM) composed of type-IV collagen and laminin (Col-IV/LM), which are the main components of natural BMs, for cell compartmentalization in three-dimensional (3D) tissues. However, such compartmentalized structures can be maintained only for 3 days, probably due to the degradation issues. In this study, a robust A-BM was fabricated by in situ cross-linking the Col-IV/LM layer-by-layer (LbL) nanofilms in 3D tissues by transglutaminase. The effects of molecular size and configuration on the permeability of obtained A-BMs were comprehensively studied using polystyrene nanoparticles (PS NPs) and dextran with various hydrodynamic diameters, as well as albumin. The findings agreed well with the known size-selective behavior of the glomerular basement membrane. Cross-linked Col-IV/LM nanofilms demonstrate improved stability and a more powerful barrier effect to maintain cell compartmentalization for organized 3D tissues. This in vitro A-BM exhibit great potentials for the design of more complex compartmentalized 3D tissues, for understanding the unique cell-cell cross talk through BMs, and for providing a more reliable 3D tissue model for new drug screening and other in vitro physiological studies.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo IV , Membranas Artificiais , Engenharia Tecidual , Membrana Basal , Humanos , Laminina , Permeabilidade
17.
Biology (Basel) ; 9(11)2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120912

RESUMO

Vascular invasion of cancer is a critical step in cancer progression, but no drug has been developed to inhibit vascular invasion. To achieve the eradication of cancer metastasis, elucidation of the mechanism for vascular invasion and the development of innovative treatment methods are required. Here, a simple and reproducible vascular invasion model is established using a vascular organoid culture in a fibrin gel with collagen microfibers. Using this model, it was possible to observe and evaluate the cell dynamics and histological positional relationship of invasive cancer cells in four dimensions. Cancer-derived exosomes promoted the vascular invasion of cancer cells and loosened tight junctions in the vascular endothelium. As a new evaluation method, research using this vascular invasion mimic model will be advanced, and applications to the evaluation of the vascular invasion suppression effect of a drug are expected.

18.
Adv Biosyst ; 4(11): e2000127, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996290

RESUMO

A plethora of bioinspired cell-laden hydrogels are being explored as building blocks that once assembled are able to create complex and highly hierarchical structures recapitulating the heterogeneity of living tissues. Yet, the resulting 3D bioengineered systems still present key limitations, mainly related with limited diffusion of essential molecules for cell survival, which dictates the failure of most strategies upon implantation. To maximize the hierarchical complexity of bioengineered systems, while simultaneously fully addressing the exchange efficiency of biomolecules, the high-throughput fabrication of liquefied capsules is proposed using superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic microarrays as platforms to produce the initial structures with high fidelity of geometry and size. The liquefied capsules are composed by i) a permselective multilayered membrane; ii) surface-functionalized poly(ε-caprolactone) microparticles loaded into the liquefied core acting as cell adhesion sites; and iii) cells. It is demonstrated that besides the typical spherical liquefied capsules, it is also possible to obtain multi-shaped blocks with high geometrical precision and efficiency. Importantly, the internal gelation approach used to produce such blocks does not jeopardize cell viability, evidencing the mild conditions of the proposed cell encapsulation technique. The proposed system is intended to be used as hybrid devices implantable using minimally invasive procedures for multiple tissue engineering applications.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Microtecnologia/métodos , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Cápsulas , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Células-Tronco
19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 533(3): 600-606, 2020 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988592

RESUMO

Cell culture under medium flow has been shown to favor human brain microvascular endothelial cells function and maturation. Here a three-dimensional in vitro model of the human brain microvasculature, comprising brain microvascular endothelial cells but also astrocytes, pericytes and a collagen type I microfiber - fibrin based matrix, was cultured under continuous medium flow in a pressure driven microphysiological system (10 kPa, in 60-30 s cycles). The cells self-organized in micro-vessels perpendicular to the shear flow. Comparison with static culture showed that the resulting interstitial flow enhanced a more defined micro-vasculature network, with slightly more numerous lumens, and a higher expression of transporters, carriers and tight junction genes and proteins, essential to the blood-brain barrier functions.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Encéfalo/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Linhagem Celular , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Microvasos/citologia , Microvasos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/genética , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
20.
Curr Protoc Cell Biol ; 88(1): e112, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776707

RESUMO

Construction of organized three-dimensional (3D) tissue with extracellular matrix (ECM) and multiple types of cells is important for tissue engineering to enable tissue function and enhance cellular function. However, the concentration of ECM and the thickness of the 3D tissue have been limited in previous methods due to a lack of permeability to nutrients and oxygen. Besides, it is difficult to use matured natural ECM as a cell scaffold without chemical modification due to its insolubility. In this article, we focus on multi-layered structure, which is commonly found in living tissue such as skin, blood vessels, and other organs. Here, we describe the preparation of a paper-like scaffold (ECM paper) from micro-fibered natural ECM and the construction of 3D multi-layered tissue composed of cell layers and ECM layers by stacking cell-seeded ECM papers. The thickness and components of the ECM layers are easily controllable by changing the composition of the ECM papers, and the fibrous structure of ECM paper shows high permeability and permits cell migration. Additionally, the ECM microfiber, which is physically defiberized from natural ECM, has a high ECM concentration equal to that of living tissue and high stability under physiological conditions. Therefore, this set of protocols enables construction of multi-layered 3D tissue composed of precisely controlled ECM layers and cell layers that may contribute to the assembly of tissue models. © 2020 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Basic Protocol 1: Preparation of extracellular matrix paper Basic Protocol 2: Evaluation of cellular function of cells on extracellular matrix paper Basic Protocol 3: Construction of multi-layered 3D tissue.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Matriz Extracelular , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Matriz Extracelular/química , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...