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Int Urol Nephrol ; 51(9): 1639-1647, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363959


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: New direct-acting antiviral drugs have become the corner-stone treatment for HCV infection: they show promising results with accepted side-effects and low dropout rates. One of the available regimens is paritaprevir/ombitasvir/ritonavir (PTV/OMV/RTV). Our aim was to study the efficacy and safety of this drug regimen among HCV-positive hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This prospective single-center study was performed in the Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Egypt. Ninety-six maintenance hemodialysis patients were screened for HCV antibodies. Positive results were found in 46 patients (47.9%). HCV PCR was assessed in all HCV-antibody-positive patients; positive results were found positive for 38 (82%); all patients were HCV genotype 4. Four patients were excluded due to advanced liver cirrhosis, liver malignancy, or metastatic breast cancer. Thirty-four patients were prescribed PTV/OMV/RTV for 3 months to treat HCV. RESULTS: Mean age was 43.2 ± 11.9 years. Most patients were male (67.6%). There was a rapid response to treatment: HCV PCR became negative by 4 weeks after starting treatment. By 12 and 24 weeks post-DAA therapy, there was a sustained viral response (SVR 12, SVR 24) in 100% of patients with improved liver-enzyme levels. CONCLUSION: The PTV/OMV/RTV regimen was safe and effectively treated Egyptian HCV-positive genotype-4 hemodialysis patients.

Exp Clin Transplant ; 17(1): 79-83, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957163


OBJECTIVES: Liver disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among recipients of transplanted organs. In addition to the liver, hepatitis C virus infection has a significant prevalence among recipients of kidney transplant and is related to worse graft and recipient survival as the kidney is an important component of the hepatitis C virus clinical syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective single center study included 336 patients with end-stage renal disease who received a kidney transplant at the Mansoura Urology and Nephrology Center from January 1992 to December 1995. Of 336 patients, 63 were excluded, and the remaining 273 patients were divided into 3 groups: viremic active (72 patients), viremic inactive (108 patients), and nonviremic (93 patients). Division of patients was based on hepatitis C virus RNA complement level (C3 and/or C4 consumption), circulating cryoglobulins, and rheumatoid factor detection. RESULTS: Our study showed insignificant differences regarding patient characteristics and demographic data among the study groups but significantly higher incidence of transaminitis in viremic (active and inactive) patients. Nonsignificant differences were found regarding proteinuria among the 3 groups, including among those who had levels in either nephrotic or nonnephrotic ranges. Biopsy-proven acute rejection episodes among the 3 groups of recipients were statistically comparable, with significantly higher frequency of chronic rejection episodes among viremic active patients. Nonviremic recipients had significantly lower serum creatinine levels than viremic (active and inactive) recipients. Patient and graft survival results were comparable among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Presence of hepatitis C virus immunologic markers does not have a significant effect on patient and graft survival; however, it may be a clue for long-term incidence of chronic rejection.

Complemento C3/análise , Complemento C4/análise , Crioglobulinas/análise , Hepacivirus/imunologia , Hepatite C/imunologia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Fator Reumatoide/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/mortalidade , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C/mortalidade , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Incidência , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/imunologia , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Exp Clin Transplant ; 16(2): 133-137, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760116


OBJECTIVES: Renal transplant is the criterion standard for treatment of end-stage renal disease. The effects of disparities between men and women on renal transplant outcomes have been evaluated in many studies but with debatable results. It has been suggested that female kidney donors have poor outcomes after transplant compared with male kidney donors, especially when implanted in a male recipient. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of sex on living-donor kidney transplant outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 979 patients who underwent living-donor kidney transplant from January 2000 to December 2010 at a single center were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to recipient and donor sex: male donor-to-male recipient (n = 307), male donor-to-female recipient (n = 132), female donor-to-male recipient (n = 411), and female donor-to-female recipient (n = 129). We compared the demographic characteristics, posttransplant rejection and complications, and graft and patient survival rates among the groups. RESULTS: Male recipients were older than female recipients, whereas male donors were younger than female donors (P < .001). No statistically significant differences were shown regarding recipient body mass index, ischemia time and time to diuresis, and acute and chronic rejection rates between the groups. Graft (P = .947) and patient (P = .421) survival rates were comparable between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Donor and recipient sex had no significant effect on outcomes of living-donor renal allograft recipients.

Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Egito , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/mortalidade , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Nephrourol Mon ; 8(3): e34770, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27570751


BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation is the ideal method for management of end-stage renal disease. The use of living donors for renal transplantation was critical for early development in the field and preceded the use of cadaveric donors. Most donors are related genetically to the recipients, like a parent, a child, or a sibling of the recipient, but there are an increasing percentage of cases where donors are genetically unrelated like spouses, friends, or altruistic individuals. Donor shortages constitute the major barrier for kidney transplantation, and much effort has been made to increase the supply of living donors. The impact of donor source on the outcome of renal transplantation is not adequately studied in our country. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of donor source on the outcome of live donor kidney transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 1976 to December 2013, the number of patients that underwent living renal transplantation sharing at least one HLA haplotype with their donors was 2,485. We divided these patients into two groups: (1) 2,075 kidney transplant recipients (1,554 or 74.9% male and 521 or 25.1% female) for whom the donors were living related, (2) 410 kidney transplant recipients (297 or 72.4% male and 113 or 27.6% female) for whom the donors were living unrelated. All patients received immunosuppressive therapy, consisting of a calcineurin inhibitor, mycophenolate mofetil, or azathioprine and prednisolone. We compared acute rejection and complication rates, as well as long-term graft and patient survival of both groups. Demographic characteristics were compared using the chi-square test. Graft survival and patient survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The percentages of patients with acute vascular rejection were significantly higher in the unrelated group, while percentages of patients with no rejection were significantly higher in the related group, but there were no significant differences regarding patient and graft survivals between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Kidney transplant recipients who received their grafts either from live related donors or live unrelated donors had comparable patient and graft survival outcomes.