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1.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 40: 121-124, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is one of the best treatments for obesity. This indication includes an evaluation of body mass index (BMI) that does not consider the body composition of an individual. AIM: To determine the body composition of bariatric surgery candidates. METHODS: Patients treated at a tertiary care centre for obesity were evaluated. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). All measures of BIA and surgical indication were analysed. RESULTS: We evaluated 407 subjects, 87 (21.4%) men, with a mean age of 36 years. In men with indications for bariatric surgery, the mean ± SD body fat percentage (%BF) was 45.1 ± 5.39%, and the mean ± SD visceral fat area was 243.6 ± 33.79 cm2. In women with indications for bariatric surgery, the mean ± SD %BF was 50.7 ± 3.3%, and the mean ± SD visceral fat area was 241.7 ± 24.77 cm2. CONCLUSION: This study showed different body compositions between men and women and parameters of %BF and visceral fat area evaluated by BIA.

2.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because of its high prevalence and negative impact on quality of life and longevity, overweight in childhood and adolescence is a major public health concern. The objective of the present study was to determine whether excess weight is associated with clinical outcomes in critically ill children and adolescents admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHOD: This retrospective cohort study was performed with children and adolescents admitted to a PICU over 3 years. Nutrition status was classified based on the body mass index z-score for age, following World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The following outcomes were assessed: mortality, need for mechanical ventilation, length of admission, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. RESULTS: Of 1468 patients admitted during the study period, 1407 were included in the study: 956 (68.0%) had adequate weight, 228 (16.2%) were overweight, and 223 (15.8%) were underweight. Associations were detected between most variables and all nutrition categories (underweight, adequate weight, and overweight). In the descriptive analysis, mortality was more prevalent in nutrition status extremes (extremely underweight or overweight). An independent association between nutrition status and mortality was not detected in any category. CONCLUSION: Nutrition status was not independently associated with poor outcomes. However, overweight should be considered a potential risk factor for adverse clinical outcomes in PICU admissions.

3.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2018328, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate the upper limb assessments tool, Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE), for individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy in the Brazilian population. METHODS: Validation study to translate and culturally adapt the Manual and the instrument. The psychometric properties evaluated were reliability and convergent validity. Reliability was determined by internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient), ceiling and floor effect, sensitivity to changes, and intra- and interobserver agreement. Convergent validity was performed using the Pediatric Motor Activity Log, the self-care scale of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and the Manual Ability Classification System. RESULTS: We evaluated 21 individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy, with a mean age of 8.7±4.0 years. After the instrument was translated, there was no need for cultural adaptation. The total Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.887 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.745-0.970). We calculated sensitivity to changes in five subjects who underwent treatment with Botulinum Toxin Type A and physical therapy, with a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment evaluations in the Spontaneous Functional Analysis and Dynamic Positional Analysis. Convergent validity showed a significant correlation of the Spontaneous Functional Analysis and Dynamic Positional Analysis with the scales evaluated. All items of SHUEE presented high intra- and interobserver agreement. CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that the Brazilian version of the SHUEE demonstrated good reliability and convergent validity, suggesting that it is an adequate and reliable tool for individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy in the Brazilian population.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 30(7): 3641-3649, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT), whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI), and whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI) for the detection of metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to June 2019. Studies were selected if they reported data that could be used to construct contingency tables to compare 18F-FDG PET/CT, WB-MRI, and WB-DWI. Two authors independently extracted data on study characteristics and assessed methodological quality using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies. Forest plots were generated for sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET/CT, WB-MRI, and whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI). Summary receiver operating characteristic plots were created. RESULTS: The 4 studies meeting inclusion criteria had a total of 564 patients and 559 lesions, 233 of which were metastases. In studies of 18F-FDG PET/CT, the pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.95) and 0.93 (95% CI, 0.87-0.96), respectively. For WB-MRI, pooled sensitivity was 0.92 (95% CI, 0.18-1.00) and pooled specificity was 0.93 (95% CI, 0.85-0.95). Pooled sensitivity and specificity for WB-DWI were 0.78 (95% CI, 0.46-0.93) and 0.91 (95% CI, 0.79-0.96), respectively. There was no statistical difference between the diagnostic odds ratio of WB-MRI and WB-DWI compared with that of PET/CT (p = 0.186 for WB-DWI; p = 0.638 for WB-MRI). CONCLUSION: WB-MRI and DWI are radiation-free alternatives with comparable diagnostic performance to 18F-FDG PET/CT for M staging of NSCLC. KEY POINTS: • Whole-body MRI with or without diffusion-weighted imaging has a high accuracy for the diagnostic evaluation of metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. • Whole-body MRI may be used as a non-invasive and radiation-free alternative to positron emission tomography with CT with similar diagnostic performance.

5.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the agreement between the most used skinfold thickness equations with multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis in the prediction of body fat levels in children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of healthy Brazilian community-dwelling individuals. The anthropometric assessment included height, body mass, arm circumference, and waist circumference. The percentage of body fat was obtained by measuring skinfold thickness equations and using bioimpedance analysis, and skinfold thickness was measured using a scientific skinfold caliper. Bland-Altman plot analysis was used to verify the agreement between the methods. RESULTS: There were 439 children and adolescents evaluated, with a mean age of 11.6±3.7 years. The mean body fat by bioimpedance analysis was 22.8%±10.4%, compared to 22.4%±8.8% by Slaughter (1), 20.4%±9.2% by Slaughter (2), 19.6%±4.4% by Goran, and 24.7%±10.0% by Huang equations. Bland-Altman plot analysis revealed limits of agreement greater than 8% between the bioimpedance analysis approach and equations, exceeding the clinically acceptable limit predefined a priori. None of the equations had good agreement with bioimpedance analysis. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that skinfold thickness and bioimpedance analysis should not be used interchangeably in children and adolescents.

6.
Clin Nutr ; 39(5): 1411-1417, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The bioimpedence phase angle has been considered as a predictor for morbidity and mortality in different clinical situations, although reference values from a large healthy population are lacking. The aim of this meta-analysis is to estimate mean phase-angle values in healthy individuals. METHODS: This meta-analysis systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, SCIELO, LILACS, CINAHL, Web of Science and gray literature for studies estimating mean phase angles. Quality of evidence was assessed for all studies and subgroup (males and females) meta-analysis stratified by age group according to literature (up to 2; 3-5; 6-12; 13-15; 16-18; 19-28; 29-38; 39-48; 49-58; 59-69; 70-80 and >80 years of age) were conducted using random-effects models. RESULTS: A total of 46 studies including 249,844 subjects were selected for the present analysis. Males show a pooled estimate of the mean phase angle of 3.6 (95% CI: 3.0-4.1) for infants (0-2 y), increasing progressively to 7.3 (95% CI: 7.0-7.5) at the teenage phase (16-18 y), stabilizing during adult ages (18-38) and decreasing progressively with ongoing years with an estimate of 5.3 (95% CI: 4.5-6.0) for elderly above 80 years old. Similarly, females start from 3.7 (95% CI: 3.2-4.3) for infants (0-2 y), increasing progressively to 6.4 (95% CI: 6.1-6.8) at the teenage phase (16-18 y), stabilizing during adult ages (18-48) and decreasing progressively with ongoing years with an estimate of 5.4 (95% CI: 5.3-5.6) for elderly above 80 years old. Also, males have higher estimates than females for all age groups except for infants (0-2) and subjects older than 80 years old. Heterogeneity was high for all age groups. CONCLUSIONS: In both sexes, phase-angle values have a similar pattern that start from infants, increase progressively up to the teenage phase, stabilize during adult ages, and then decrease progressively in older subjects and the elderly.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101410

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To validate the upper limb assessments tool, Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE), for individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy in the Brazilian population. Methods: Validation study to translate and culturally adapt the Manual and the instrument. The psychometric properties evaluated were reliability and convergent validity. Reliability was determined by internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient), ceiling and floor effect, sensitivity to changes, and intra- and interobserver agreement. Convergent validity was performed using the Pediatric Motor Activity Log, the self-care scale of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and the Manual Ability Classification System. Results: We evaluated 21 individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy, with a mean age of 8.7±4.0 years. After the instrument was translated, there was no need for cultural adaptation. The total Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.887 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.745-0.970). We calculated sensitivity to changes in five subjects who underwent treatment with Botulinum Toxin Type A and physical therapy, with a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment evaluations in the Spontaneous Functional Analysis and Dynamic Positional Analysis. Convergent validity showed a significant correlation of the Spontaneous Functional Analysis and Dynamic Positional Analysis with the scales evaluated. All items of SHUEE presented high intra- and interobserver agreement. Conclusions: The results revealed that the Brazilian version of the SHUEE demonstrated good reliability and convergent validity, suggesting that it is an adequate and reliable tool for individuals with hemiplegic cerebral palsy in the Brazilian population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Validar o instrumento de avaliação do membro superior, Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE), para indivíduos com paralisia cerebral hemiplégica da população brasileira. Métodos: Estudo de validação no qual foi realizada tradução e adaptação cultural do manual e do instrumento. As propriedades psicométricas avaliadas foram confiabilidade e validade convergente. A confiabilidade foi determinada através da consistência interna (coeficiente α de Cronbach), efeito teto e chão, sensibilidade à mudança e concordância intra e interobservador. A validade convergente foi realizada utilizando-se o Pediatric Motor Activity Log, a escala de autocuidados do Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory e o Manual Ability Classification System. Resultados: Foram avaliados 21 indivíduos com paralisia cerebral hemiplégica com idade média de 8,7±4,0 anos. Após a tradução do instrumento, não houve necessidade de adaptação cultural. O coeficiente α de Cronbach total foi de 0,887 (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 0,745-0,970). A sensibilidade à mudança foi calculada em cinco indivíduos que realizaram aplicação de Toxina Botulínica tipo A e fisioterapia, apresentando diferença significativa entre a avaliação pré e pós-tratamento na Análise Funcional Espontânea e Análise Posicional Dinâmica. A validade convergente mostrou correlação significativa da Análise Funcional Espontânea e Análise Posicional Dinâmica com as escalas avaliadas. Todos os itens do SHUEE apresentaram concordâncias fortes, tanto na avaliação intra quanto na interobservador. Conclusões: A versão brasileira do SHUEE demonstrou um bom desempenho em relação à confiabilidade e validade convergente, sugerindo ser uma ferramenta adequada e confiável para os indivíduos com paralisia cerebral hemiplégica na população brasileira.

8.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(5): 614-618, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040364

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the level of agreement in health-related quality of life between children with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans and their parent (so-called proxy). Methods: Participants aged between 8and 17 years who had been previously diagnosed with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans were regularly followed up at a pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic. Parents or legal guardians (caregivers) of these patients were also recruited for the study. A validated and age-appropriate version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 was used for the assessment of health-related quality of life. Caregivers completed the corresponding proxy versions of the questionnaire. The correlation between self and proxy reports of health-related quality of life was determined by intra-class correlation coefficient and dependent t-tests. Results: The majority of participants were males (79.4%), and the average age was 11.8 years. Intra-class correlations between each of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 domains and the total score were all lower than 0.6, with a range between 0.267 (poor) and 0.530 (fair). When the means of each domain and the total score of the questionnaires were compared, caregivers were observed to have a significantly lower health-related quality of life score than children, with the exception of the social domain in which the difference was not significant. However, the differences in score exceeded the critical threshold difference of four points in all other domains. Conclusion: Proxies of children and adolescents with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans appear to consistently perceive their children as having lower health-related quality of life than how the patients perceive themselves.


Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de concordância a respeito da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde entre crianças com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa e seus pais (responsáveis). Métodos: Os participantes entre 8-17 anos, anteriormente diagnosticados com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa, foram acompanhados regularmente no ambulatório de pneumologia pediátrica. Os pais ou responsáveis legais (cuidadores) desses pacientes também foram convidados a participar do estudo. Uma versão validada e adequada para a idade do Inventário Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida, versão 4.0, foi utilizada para a avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. Os cuidadores concluíram as versões do questionário correspondentes aos responsáveis. A correlação entre os autorrelatos e os relatos dos responsáveis da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde foi determinada pelo coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e pelos testes t dependentes. Resultados: A maior parte dos participantes era do sexo masculino (79,4%) e a idade média foi 11,8 anos. As correlações intraclasse entre cada um dos domínios do Inventário Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida e o escore total foram todas inferiores a 0,6, com intervalo entre 0,267 (baixo) e 0,530 (justo). Quando as médias de cada domínio e o escore total dos questionários foram comparados, observamos que os cuidadores apresentaram qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde significativamente menor em comparação com as crianças, com exceção do domínio social, no qual a diferença não foi significativa. Contudo, as diferenças no escore ultrapassaram o limite de diferença essencial de 4 pontos em todos os outros domínios. Conclusão: Os responsáveis pelas crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa parecem perceber de forma consistente que suas crianças possuem qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde menor que os próprios pacientes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Bronquiolite Obliterante/fisiopatologia , Pais , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Bronquiolite Obliterante/psicologia , Doença Crônica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Pulmão/fisiopatologia
9.
Eat Weight Disord ; 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338791

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent studies suggest that body mass index is not a reliable enough measurement for body composition in individuals, particularly in older and younger people. However, most research on body image has used the body mass index (BMI) as a physiological predictor of body satisfaction, particularly in children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether body composition is a better predictor of body size dissatisfaction in children than BMI. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Healthy children and adolescents aged 5-19 years, sex male and female, were recruited using a convenience sample in Brazil. BMI was measured according to the international standardization method and body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with a portable device model (BIA InBodyS10 multi-frequency, USA). Body size dissatisfaction was assessed using the Kakeshita's Figure Rating Scale for Brazilian Children. Data were analyzed with logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 547 participants were evaluated, including 54% females and 67% Caucasian, with a mean age of 11.4 ± 3.8 years. The mean BMI was 20.5 ± 4.6 kg/m2, and the mean percentages of fat and lean mass were 23.01 ± 10.59% and 72.84 ± 10.03%, respectively. In the multivariable model, only body composition was significantly associated with body size dissatisfaction (odds ratio: 1.849 (1.085-3.149, p = 0.024) and 1.828 (1.043-3.202, p = 0.035), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Body composition measures can better predict body size dissatisfaction in children and adolescents than BMI. This result may be relevant for the design of future studies on physiological indicators and body satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional study.

10.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 95(5): 614-618, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement in health-related quality of life between children with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans and their parent (so-called proxy). METHODS: Participants aged between 8and 17 years who had been previously diagnosed with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans were regularly followed up at a pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic. Parents or legal guardians (caregivers) of these patients were also recruited for the study. A validated and age-appropriate version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 was used for the assessment of health-related quality of life. Caregivers completed the corresponding proxy versions of the questionnaire. The correlation between self and proxy reports of health-related quality of life was determined by intra-class correlation coefficient and dependent t-tests. RESULTS: The majority of participants were males (79.4%), and the average age was 11.8 years. Intra-class correlations between each of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 domains and the total score were all lower than 0.6, with a range between 0.267 (poor) and 0.530 (fair). When the means of each domain and the total score of the questionnaires were compared, caregivers were observed to have a significantly lower health-related quality of life score than children, with the exception of the social domain in which the difference was not significant. However, the differences in score exceeded the critical threshold difference of four points in all other domains. CONCLUSION: Proxies of children and adolescents with Post-infectious Bronchiolitis Obliterans appear to consistently perceive their children as having lower health-related quality of life than how the patients perceive themselves.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite Obliterante/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Bronquiolite Obliterante/psicologia , Criança , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pais , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(3): 314-320, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012616

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Environment Assessment questionnaire (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). Methods: The validation process was carried out in two stages. First, translation and back-translation were performed, and in the second phase, the questionnaire was applied in 72 families of children between 0 and 24 months for the validation process. The tool consists of the following domains: mother's communication ability; behavior; organization of the physical and temporal environment; collection/quantity of toys; maternal attitude of constant attention toward her baby; diversification of stimuli; baby's behavior. The following was performed for the scale validation: 1 - content analysis (judgment); 2 - construct analysis (factorial analysis - Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin, Bartlett, and Pearson's correlation tests); 3 - criterion analysis (calculation of Cronbach's alpha coefficient, intraclass correlations, and split-half correlations). Results: The mean age of the children was 9 ± 6.7 months, and of these, 35 (48.6%) were males. Most correlations between items and domains were significant. In the factorial analysis of the scale, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin values were 0.76, Bartlett's test showed a p-value < 0.001, and correlation between items and domains showed a p-value < 0.01. Regarding the validity, Cronbach's alpha was 0.92 (95% CI: 0.89-0.94). The intraclass correlation among the evaluators was 0.97 (0.96-0.98) and split-half correlations, r: 0.60, with p < 0.01. Conclusions: The Portuguese version of the Inventaire du Milieu Familial showed good to excellent performance regarding the assessed psychometric properties.


Resumo Objetivo: Validar a versão em português do Questionário de Avaliação do Ambiente Familiar (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). Métodos: O processo de validação foi feito em duas etapas. Primeiramente, realizou-se a tradução e retrotradução e, na segunda fase, o questionário foi aplicado em 72 famílias de crianças entre zero e 24 meses para o processo de validação. O instrumento é formado pelos seguintes domínios: Capacidade de comunicação da mãe; Comportamento; Organização do ambiente físico e temporal; Acervo/quantidade de brinquedos; Implicação da mãe com seu bebê; Diversificação de estímulos; Comportamento do bebê. Para a validação da escala foi realizada: 1- análise de conteúdo (julgamento); 2- análise de construto (análise fatorial - testes Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin, Bartlett e correlação de Pearson); 3- análise de critério (cálculo do coeficiente alfa de cronbach, correlações intraclasse e correlações split-half). Resultados: A média de idade das crianças foi 9 ± 6,7 meses e, dessas, 35 (48,6%) eram do sexo masculino. A maioria das correlações entre os itens e os domínios foi significativa. Na análise fatorial da escala, os valores de Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin foram 0,76, teste de Bartlett com p < 0,001 e correlação entre os itens e domínios p < 0,01. Em relação à validade, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0,92 (IC 95% 0,89-0,94). A correlação intraclasse entre os avaliadores foi de 0,97 (0,96-0,98) e correlações split-half r: 0,60 p < 0,01. Conclusões: A versão portuguesa do Inventaire du Milieu Familial apresentou um bom à excelente desempenho nas propriedades psicométricas avaliadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Família , Inquéritos e Questionários , Habitação , Bem-Estar do Lactente , Psicometria , Traduções , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(2): 231-237, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002456

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To validate the Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening tool for use in Brazil. Materials and methods: The Brazilian version of this questionnaire, originally validated and tested in the United States, was developed as follows: (a) translation; (b) back-translation; (c) completion of the final version; (d) pre-testing. The questionnaire was applied prior to polysomnography to children aged 3-9 years from October 2015 to October 2016, and its psychometric properties (i.e., validity and reliability) were evaluated. The accuracy was assessed from comparisons between polysomnographic results and corresponding questionnaire scores. Results: Sixty patients were enrolled, and based on polysomnographic findings, 48% patients had normal apnea-hypopnea index, while the remaining 52% met the criteria for obstructive sleep apnea. Minimum O2 saturation level was significantly lower among obstructive sleep apnea children (p = 0.021). Satisfactory concordance was found between individual apnea-hypopnea index and questionnaire scores. Bland-Altman plot-derived bias was 0.1 for the difference between measures, with 5.34 (95% CI: 4.14-6.55) and −5.19 (95%CI: −6.39 to −3.98) for the upper and lower agreement range. Internal consistency derived from Cronbach's alpha was 0.84 (95%CI: 0.78-0.90). Conclusion: The questionnaire was translated to and validated into Brazilian-Portuguese version, and showed good reliability and concordance with apnea-hypopnea index. This questionnaire offers a reliable screening option for sleep-disordered breathing in children.


Resumo Objetivo: Validar o questionário Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening Tool para o seu uso no Brasil. Materiais e métodos: A versão brasileira desse questionário, originalmente validado e testado nos Estados Unidos, foi desenvolvida a partir das seguintes etapas: a) tradução; b) retrotradução; c) conclusão da versão final; d) pré-teste. O questionário foi aplicado previamente ao início da polissonografia em crianças de 3 a 9 anos incluídas no estudo de outubro de 2015 a outubro de 2016. As propriedades psicométricas avaliadas foram validade e confiabilidade. A acurácia foi avaliada pela comparação entre os resultados da polissonografia com o escore do questionário. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 60 pacientes. Conforme a polissonografia, 48% dos pacientes apresentaram índices de apneia e hipopneia normais e 51% apresentaram resultados alterados. A SpO2 mínima foi significativamente menor (p = 0,021) nas crianças com diagnóstico de síndrome de apneia obstrutiva do sono. O índice de apneia e hipopneia apresentou concordância satisfatória com os resultados do questionário. O viés médio de Bland-Altman foi de 0,1 para a diferença entre as medidas, com um limite superior de 5,34 (IC95%4,14 a 6,55) e um limite inferior de -5,19 (IC95%-6,39 a -3,98). A consistência interna do questionário avaliada pelo α de Cronbach foi de 0,84 (IC95%0,78 a 0,90). Conclusão: O questionário foi traduzido e validado adequadamente para a versão em português brasileiro, apresentando boa confiabilidade e concordância com o índice de apneia e hipopneia. Esse questionário oferece uma opção confiável de triagem de distúrbios respiratórios do sono em crianças.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Psicometria , Traduções , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Características Culturais
13.
J Clin Virol ; 114: 37-42, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental data show that type I interferon has a key role in innate immune response against influenza infection. OBJECTIVE: We compared nasal levels of interferon-α2 and ß among inpatients and outpatients with influenza. STUDY DESIGN: Children younger than 5 years of age with influenza-like illness seeking care at the emergency department within the first 72 h of disease onset were prospectively included. Clinical and demographic data and secretions through nasal wash were obtained. Influenza infection was assessed through reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and nasal levels of interferon-α2 and ß were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All patients followed until the end of the disease. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included, of which 24 had confirmed influenza infection, and 5 of them were hospitalized. Subtypes A (H3N2) and B were confirmed in 10 and 14 patients, respectively. Seventy-six patients without influenza, including 48% of outpatients, were recruited as controls. All hospitalized patients were significantly younger regardless of influenza status (age <6 months in 59% vs. 23.2%, p < 0.001). All other data were similar among the groups. Comparing median levels of interferon-α2 among children with influenza, levels were significantly higher in outpatients than in hospitalized patients and were 263.2 pg/mL (25-75 interquartile range: 58.3-634) and detectable in only one patient (90 pg/mL), respectively. The levels of interferon-α2 in controls and those of interferon-ß in all groups were not detected. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of interferon-α2 in patients with less severe influenza reinforce experimental evidence about the protective role of interferon-α2 against influenza infection.

14.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord ; 17(4): 232-239, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807255

RESUMO

Introduction: Studies have demonstrated the relevance of anthropometric indicators in the prediction of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, researches involving older people are still scarce. Therefore, the objective was to describe the frequency of MetS and to determine the performance of anthropometric indicators as predictors of MetS in the total sample, in men and women. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 479 elderly individuals attended in primary health care. The revised National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines were used for the MetS diagnosis. The anthropometric indicators evaluated were neck circumference, sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD), SAD/height, sagittal index, and conicity index (C-Index). The predictive performance of the MetS anthropometric indicators was determined using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. A cutoff point >0.700 was used to evaluate diagnostic performance. Results: The frequency of MetS was 60.5%. The anthropometric indicators demonstrating adequate performance were in total sample: SAD/height (auROC = 0.810), SAD (auROC = 0.777), and C-Index (auROC = 0.706); in women: SAD (auROC = 0.820), SAD/height (auROC = 0.810), neck circumference (auROC = 0.782), and C-Index (auROC = 0.727); in men: SAD/height (auROC = 0.768), SAD (auROC = 0.760), and C-Index (auROC = 0.724). Conclusions: A high frequency of MetS was observed. Of the five anthropometric indicators investigated, three presented good performance in the total sample (SAD, SAD/height, and C-Index), four in women (SAD, SAD/height, neck circumference, and C-Index), and three in men (SAD, SAD/height, and C-Index). The anthropometric indicators, SAD, SAD/height, and C-Index, proved to perform adequately in all the three segments investigated.

15.
Clin Nutr ; 38(4): 1504-1510, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between physical activity and phase angle. DESIGN: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE (via PUBMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), SciELO, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to December 10th, 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: The PICOS strategy was defined, in which "P" corresponded to participants of any age, sex or ethnicity, "I" indicated any type of physical activity program, "C" denoted lack of exercise or irregular physical activity, "O" corresponded to the phase angle obtained by bio-impedance, and "S" indicated longitudinal or cross-sectional studies. RESULTS: In cross-sectional studies the phase angle was higher among the active individuals (MD = 0.70; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.92, P < 0.001), with low heterogeneity (I2 = 0%; P = 0.619). In longitudinal studies, the mean of the difference of phase angles from the baseline was significantly higher for the active group than the control group (MD = 0.30; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.49, P = 0.001), with low heterogeneity (I2 = 13%, P = 0.331). No evidence of publication bias was found and the overall risk of bias was moderate to high. SUMMARY/CONCLUSION: The positive association of physical activity with phase angle reinforces the importance of routinely including exercise in health care. We also identified the need for further studies to define with different types, intensities and frequencies of exercises should be conducted in order to find the best dose-effect relationship.

17.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 95(3): 314-320, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29684303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Environment Assessment questionnaire (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). METHODS: The validation process was carried out in two stages. First, translation and back-translation were performed, and in the second phase, the questionnaire was applied in 72 families of children between 0 and 24 months for the validation process. The tool consists of the following domains: mother's communication ability; behavior; organization of the physical and temporal environment; collection/quantity of toys; maternal attitude of constant attention toward her baby; diversification of stimuli; baby's behavior. The following was performed for the scale validation: 1 - content analysis (judgment); 2 - construct analysis (factorial analysis - Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin, Bartlett, and Pearson's correlation tests); 3 - criterion analysis (calculation of Cronbach's alpha coefficient, intraclass correlations, and split-half correlations). RESULTS: The mean age of the children was 9±6.7 months, and of these, 35 (48.6%) were males. Most correlations between items and domains were significant. In the factorial analysis of the scale, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin values were 0.76, Bartlett's test showed a p-value<0.001, and correlation between items and domains showed a p-value<0.01. Regarding the validity, Cronbach's alpha was 0.92 (95% CI: 0.89-0.94). The intraclass correlation among the evaluators was 0.97 (0.96-0.98) and split-half correlations, r: 0.60, with p<0.01. CONCLUSIONS: The Portuguese version of the Inventaire du Milieu Familial showed good to excellent performance regarding the assessed psychometric properties.


Assuntos
Família , Habitação , Bem-Estar do Lactente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
18.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 95(2): 231-237, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate the Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening tool for use in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Brazilian version of this questionnaire, originally validated and tested in the United States, was developed as follows: (a) translation; (b) back-translation; (c) completion of the final version; (d) pre-testing. The questionnaire was applied prior to polysomnography to children aged 3-9 years from October 2015 to October 2016, and its psychometric properties (i.e., validity and reliability) were evaluated. The accuracy was assessed from comparisons between polysomnographic results and corresponding questionnaire scores. RESULTS: Sixty patients were enrolled, and based on polysomnographic findings, 48% patients had normal apnea-hypopnea index, while the remaining 52% met the criteria for obstructive sleep apnea. Minimum O2 saturation level was significantly lower among obstructive sleep apnea children (p=0.021). Satisfactory concordance was found between individual apnea-hypopnea index and questionnaire scores. Bland-Altman plot-derived bias was 0.1 for the difference between measures, with 5.34 (95% CI: 4.14-6.55) and -5.19 (95%CI: -6.39 to -3.98) for the upper and lower agreement range. Internal consistency derived from Cronbach's alpha was 0.84 (95%CI: 0.78-0.90). CONCLUSION: The questionnaire was translated to and validated into Brazilian-Portuguese version, and showed good reliability and concordance with apnea-hypopnea index. This questionnaire offers a reliable screening option for sleep-disordered breathing in children.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
19.
Sci. med. (Porto Alegre, Online) ; 29(1): ID32295, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009928

RESUMO

AIMS: To validate the Brazilian version of the Fresno test of competence in Evidence-Based Medicine. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, validation study. Phase 1: translation of the Fresno instrument. Phase 2: validation of the translated version, which was tested in 70 undergraduate medical students. The psychometric properties evaluated were validity, internal consistency, and sensitivity to change. RESULTS: Overall, validity was adequate; most items showed a moderate to strong and significant correlation with the total score; there was an important and significant difference between both groups, with and without previous contact with Evidence-Based Medicine (median, 55 [IQ25-75, 45.2-61.7] vs. median, 18.5 [IQ25-75, 6.0-29.7]) (p<0.001). Internal consistency was also adequate (α-C 0.718), and sensitivity to change showed a considerable and significant difference between pre and post-test (median, 18.5 [IQ25-75, 6.0-29.7] vs. median, 44 [IQ25-75, 34.0-60.0]) (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian version of the Fresno test showed satisfactory psychometric properties, and it can now be used as a tool to assess the knowledge and skills of Evidence-Based Medicine in Brazilian medical students.


OBJETIVOS: Validar a versão brasileira do teste Fresno de competência em Medicina Baseada em Evidências. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo transversal de validação. Fase 1: tradução do instrumento Fresno. Fase 2: validação da versão traduzida, testada em 70 estudantes de graduação em medicina. As propriedades psicométricas avaliadas foram validade, consistência interna e sensibilidade à mudança. RESULTADOS: No geral, a validade foi adequada; a maioria dos itens apresentou correlação moderada a forte e significativa com o escore total; houve diferença importante e significativa entre os dois grupos, com e sem contato prévio com medicina baseada em evidências (mediana, 55 [IQ25-75, 45,2-61,7] vs. mediana, 18,5 [IQ25-75, 6,0-29,7]) (p<0,001). A consistência interna também foi adequada (α-C 0,718), e a sensibilidade à mudança mostrou uma diferença considerável e significativa entre o pré e o pós-teste (mediana, 18,5 [IQ25-75, 6,0-29,7] vs. mediana, 44 [IQ25-75], 34,0-60,0]) (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES: A versão brasileira do teste Fresno mostrou propriedades psicométricas satisfatórias, e agora pode ser usada como uma ferramenta para avaliar o conhecimento e as habilidades da Medicina Baseada em Evidências em estudantes de medicina brasileiros.


Assuntos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(12): 4209-4219, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540004

RESUMO

This article aims to review systematically the evidence on nutritional assessment techniques and parameters used to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents. The literature review and the selection of publications were performed using the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, Embase, personal files. 17 studies were identified, 7 addressed the anthropometric indices as the main outcome, 7 analyzed the growth and development of children and adolescents through growth curves, and the remainder surveyed body composition. In general, all met the quality criteria, unless 6 of the articles who did not discuss the limitations. The literature review suggests several techniques and parameters that can be applied to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents from different countries. Growth graphs are essential to assess the health of children, but depend greatly of the growth tables used. Although BMI can be practical, it does not distinguish body fat from lean mass. The best interpretation of anthropometry will depend of valid reference values for age range of the study population. BIA is a quick feasible method, but the measurement has some various nationalities.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Antropometria , Criança , Humanos , Valores de Referência
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