Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 209
Filtrar
1.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In high-expertise transradial (TR) centers, the radiation exposure to patients during coronary angiography (CAG) is equivalent to transfemoral use. However, there is no definitive information during TR-CAG regarding the use of a single, dedicated catheter to impart less radiation exposure to patients. OBJECTIVE: We compare the radiation exposure to patients during right TR-CAG with Tiger II catheter (Terumo Interventional Systems) vs Judkins right (JR) 4.0/Judkins left (JL) 3.5 catheters (Cordis Corporation). METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, and prospective trial included 180 patients submitted to right TR-CAG, with the primary objective of observing radiation exposure to patients through the measurement of fluoroscopy time, air kerma (AK), and dose-area product (DAP) using Tiger II (group 1) vs JR 4.0 and JL 3.5 Judkins catheters (group 2). Secondary outcomes included contrast volume usage and the need to use additional catheters to complete the procedure (the crossover technique). RESULTS: Group 1 demonstrated reduced fluoroscopy time (2.47 ± 1.05 minutes in group 1 vs 2.68 ± 1.26 minutes in group 2; P=.01) and non-significant reduction of AK (540.9 ± 225.3 mGy in group 1 vs 577.9 ± 240.1 mGy in group 2; P=.34) and DAP (3786.7 ± 1731.7 µGy•m² in group 1 vs 4058.0 ± 1735.4 µGy•m² in group 2; P=.12). Contrast volume usage (53.46 ± 10.09 mL in group 1 vs 55.98 ± 10.43 mL in group 2; P=.13) and the need for additional catheters (5.56% in group 1 vs 4.44% in group 2; P>.99) were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: The Tiger II catheter was able to reduce radiation exposure to patients submitted to TR-CAG through a significant reduction in fluoroscopy time.

2.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 116(1): 108-116, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, there is evidence of failure to prescribe evidence-based therapies for patients at high cardiovascular risk. However, in Brazil, data on 1-year outcomes of these patients remain insufficient. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of evidence-based therapies and the occurrence of major cardiovascular outcomes and their major predictors in a 12-month follow-up of a Brazilian multicenter registry of patients at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This prospective observational study documented the outpatient clinical practice of managing patients over 45 years of age and of high cardiovascular risk in both primary and secondary prevention. Patients were followed-up for 1 year, and the prescription of evidence-based therapies and the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac arrest, and cardiovascular death) were assessed. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: From July 2010 to August 2014, a total of 5076 individuals were enrolled in 48 centers, 91% of the 4975 eligible patients were followed-up in cardiology centers, and 68.6% were in secondary prevention. At 1 year, the concomitant use of antiplatelet agents, statins, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reduced from 28.3% to 24.2% (p < 0.001). Major cardiovascular event rate was 5.46%, and the identified predictors were age, patients in secondary prevention, and diabetic nephropathy. CONCLUSIONS: In this large national registry of patients at high cardiovascular risk, risk predictors similar to those of international registries were identified, but medical prescription adherence to evidence-based therapies was inferior and significantly worsened at 1 year. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Seguimentos , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
3.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(10): 364-370, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare severe complications related to radial access and those related to femoral access using vascular closure devices for patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Femoral artery access is still used for acute myocardial infarction management; studies comparing state-of-the-art radial and femoral techniques are required to minimize bias regarding the outcomes associated with operator preferences. METHODS: We performed a randomized study comparing radial access with a compression device and anatomic landmark-guided femoral access with a hemostatic vascular closure device. The severe complication rates related to the access site were assessed until hospital discharge. A meta- analysis including studies with comparable populations reporting severe bleeding and major adverse cardiovascular event rates was performed. RESULTS: A total of 250 patients were included who underwent PCI between January 2016 and February 2019. Mean age was 61.5 ± 12.2 years, 73.2% were men, and 28.4% had diabetes. There were no differences between groups or in vascular access-related severe complication rates (8.0% for femoral group vs 5.6% for radial group; P=.45). Although radial access was associated with decreased vascular complications related to the access site when compared with the femoral approach (relative risk [RR], 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43-0.95), the meta-analysis did not show an impact on severe bleeding (RR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.37-1.46) or severe cardiovascular adverse events (RR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.30-1.58). CONCLUSIONS: Compliance with femoral artery puncture techniques and routine use of a vascular closure device promoted low severe complication rates.

4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(6): 995-1003, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638905

RESUMO

Background There is lack of prospective data on evolution within one year of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in a representative population of Brazilian patients. Objectives To assess the prescription of evidence-based therapies, the incidence of severe outcomes and the predictors for these outcomes in a multicenter Brazilian registry of ACS patients. Methods The ACCEPT is a prospective observational study, which included patients hospitalized with a diagnostic of ACS in 47 Brazilian hospitals. The patients were followed for a 1 year and data were collected on the medical prescription and the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular mortality, reinfarction and cerebrovascular accident - CVA). Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results A total of 5,047 patients were included in this registry from August 2010 to April 2014. The diagnosis of ACS was confirmed in 4,782 patients (94.7%) and, among those, the most frequent diagnosis was ACS with ST segment elevation (35.8%). The rate of major cardiovascular events was 13.6 % within 1 year. Adherence to prescription of evidence-based therapy at admission was of 62.1%. Age, public service, acute myocardial infarction, CVA, renal failure, diabetes and quality of therapy were associated independently with the occurrence of major cardiovascular events. Conclusions During the one-year follow-up of the ACCEPT registry, more than 10% of the patients had major cardiovascular events and this rate ranged according with the quality of therapy. Strategies must be elaborated to improve the use of evidence-based therapies to minimize the cardiovascular events among the Brazilian population. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(6):995-1003).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 995-1003, Jun., 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131247

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento Existe carência de informações prospectivas sobre a evolução em um ano após uma síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) em uma grande amostra de pacientes brasileiros. Objetivos Avaliar a prescrição de terapias baseadas em evidência, a ocorrência de desfechos graves e os preditores para estes desfechos em um registro brasileiro multicêntrico de pacientes com SCA. Métodos O ACCEPT é um estudo observacional prospectivo que incluiu pacientes internados com diagnóstico de SCA em 47 hospitais brasileiros. Os pacientes foram seguidos por 1 ano e coletou-se dados sobre prescrição médica e ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares maiores (mortalidade cardiovascular, reinfarto e acidente vascular encefálico - AVE). Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significantes. Resultados Um total de 5.047 pacientes foram incluídos neste registro, de agosto de 2010 até abril de 2014. Foi confirmado o diagnóstico de SCA em 4.782 pacientes (94,7%) e, dentre os 3 diagnósticos possíveis, o mais comum foi SCA com elevação do segmento ST (35,8%). A taxa de eventos cardiovasculares maiores foi de 13,6 % em 1 ano. A prescrição completa de terapias baseadas em evidência na admissão hospitalar foi de 62,1%. Idade, atendimento público, infarto agudo do miocárdio, AVE, insuficiência renal, diabetes e qualidade da terapia estiveram associados de forma independente à ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares maiores. Conclusões No seguimento de 1 ano do registro ACCEPT, mais de 10% dos pacientes apresentaram eventos cardiovasculares maiores e esta taxa variou de acordo com a qualidade da terapia. Há necessidade da elaboração de estratégias para melhorar o uso de terapias baseadas em evidência no sentido de minimizar os eventos cardiovasculares na população brasileira. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(6):995-1003)


Abstract Background There is lack of prospective data on evolution within one year of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in a representative population of Brazilian patients. Objectives To assess the prescription of evidence-based therapies, the incidence of severe outcomes and the predictors for these outcomes in a multicenter Brazilian registry of ACS patients. Methods The ACCEPT is a prospective observational study, which included patients hospitalized with a diagnostic of ACS in 47 Brazilian hospitals. The patients were followed for a 1 year and data were collected on the medical prescription and the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular mortality, reinfarction and cerebrovascular accident - CVA). Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results A total of 5,047 patients were included in this registry from August 2010 to April 2014. The diagnosis of ACS was confirmed in 4,782 patients (94.7%) and, among those, the most frequent diagnosis was ACS with ST segment elevation (35.8%). The rate of major cardiovascular events was 13.6 % within 1 year. Adherence to prescription of evidence-based therapy at admission was of 62.1%. Age, public service, acute myocardial infarction, CVA, renal failure, diabetes and quality of therapy were associated independently with the occurrence of major cardiovascular events. Conclusions During the one-year follow-up of the ACCEPT registry, more than 10% of the patients had major cardiovascular events and this rate ranged according with the quality of therapy. Strategies must be elaborated to improve the use of evidence-based therapies to minimize the cardiovascular events among the Brazilian population. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(6):995-1003)


Assuntos
Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Fatores de Risco
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 995-1003, Jun., 2020. tab., graf.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1123193

RESUMO

RESUMO FUNDAMENTO: Existe carência de informações prospectivas sobre a evolução em um ano após uma síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) em uma grande amostra de pacientes brasileiros. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a prescrição de terapias baseadas em evidência, a ocorrência de desfechos graves e os preditores para estes desfechos em um registro brasileiro multicêntrico de pacientes com SCA. MÉTODOS: O ACCEPT é um estudo observacional prospectivo que incluiu pacientes internados com diagnóstico de SCA em 47 hospitais brasileiros. Os pacientes foram seguidos por 1 ano e coletou-se dados sobre prescrição médica e ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares maiores (mortalidade cardiovascular, reinfarto e acidente vascular encefálico - AVE). Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significantes. RESULTADOS: Um total de 5.047 pacientes foram incluídos neste registro, de agosto de 2010 até abril de 2014. Foi confirmado o diagnóstico de SCA em 4.782 pacientes (94,7%) e, dentre os 3 diagnósticos possíveis, o mais comum foi SCA com elevação do segmento ST (35,8%). A taxa de eventos cardiovasculares maiores foi de 13,6 % em 1 ano. A prescrição completa de terapias baseadas em evidência na admissão hospitalar foi de 62,1%. Idade, atendimento público, infarto agudo do miocárdio, AVE, insuficiência renal, diabetes e qualidade da terapia estiveram associados de forma independente à ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares maiores. CONCLUSÕES: No seguimento de 1 ano do registro ACCEPT, mais de 10% dos pacientes apresentaram eventos cardiovasculares maiores e esta taxa variou de acordo com a qualidade da terapia. Há necessidade da elaboração de estratégias para melhorar o uso de terapias baseadas em evidência no sentido de minimizar os eventos cardiovasculares na população brasileira.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Registros Médicos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 12(2): 99-103, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929878

RESUMO

Cathepsin S (Cat S) is a protein expressed in some epithelial cells, which appears to be associated with cancer metastasis and recurrence. The abnormal expression of Cat S has been reported to be associated with the progression of certain types of gastrointestinal neoplasms, including gastric cancer (GC). There is a need to identify novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets associated with the growth, invasion and migration of GC cells, in order to develop non-invasive diagnostic and prognostic procedures and design new therapeutic approaches. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between Cat S and oncogenic processes implicated in the development of GC, focusing on the diagnostic and therapeutic potential of this molecule in GC. A search was conducted through the PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials electronic databases for relevant literature published between 2003 and 2018, using the mesh terms 'cathepsin S' and 'cancer' and 'gastric cancer'.

8.
Am Heart J ; 198: 129-134, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that acute treatment with statins reduce atherosclerotic complications, including periprocedural myocardial infarction, but currently, there are no large, adequately powered studies to define the effects of early, high-dose statins in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of Statins Evaluation in Coronary procedUres and REvascularization (SECURE-PCI) Trial is to determine whether the early use of a loading dose of 80 mg of atorvastatin before an intended percutaneous coronary intervention followed by an additional dose of 80 mg 24 hours after the procedure will be able to reduce the rates of major cardiovascular events at 30 days in patients with an ACS. DESIGN: The SECURE-PCI study is a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial planned to enroll around 4,200 patients in 58 different sites in Brazil. The primary outcome is the rate of major cardiovascular events at 30 days defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, and coronary revascularization. SUMMARY: The SECURE PCI is a large randomized trial testing a strategy of early, high-dose statin in patients with ACS and will provide important information about the acute treatment of this patient population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JAMA ; 319(13): 1331-1340, 2018 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525821

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. Objective: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Results: Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use of loading doses of atorvastatin among unselected patients with ACS and intended invasive management. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01448642.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(4): f:299-l:306, jul.-ago 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-846765

RESUMO

Fundamento: A técnica radial reduz a prevalência de complicações vasculares, sangramento grave e mortalidade quando cotejada à técnica femoral. Entretanto, esta ainda predomina como via de acesso preferencial para a efetivação de procedimentos coronários invasivos, requerendo a adoção de estratégias capazes de minimizar intercorrências. Objetivos: Comparar a sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves aos 12 meses de pacientes submetidos à estratégia intervencionista precoce pelo acesso radial ou femoral com dispositivo de oclusão vascular. Métodos: Estudo randomizado de não inferioridade envolvendo 240 pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda sem supradesnível do segmento ST. A função de sobrevivência livre de morte, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico foi estimada pelo modelo de Kaplan-Meier e comparada utilizando-se o teste de log rank. Resultados: A taxa de complicações vasculares no sítio de punção arterial aos 30 dias foi de 12,5% no grupo Angio-Seal e de 13,3% no grupo radial (p = 1,000). A incidência de sangramento grave ou transfusão sanguínea aos 12 meses também não diferiu entre os grupos (2,5% versus 1,7%, p = 1,000). Não se observou diferença quanto à curva de sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves (90,8% versus 94,2%, p = 0,328). Conclusões: Não houve distinção entre as técnicas na sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares adversos graves aos 12 meses de seguimento. Ensaios clínicos com maior poder estatístico são necessários para a validação desses achados


Background: The radial approach reduces the prevalence of vascular complications, major bleeding and mortality when compared to the femoral approach. However, the last still prevails as the preferred approach for the performance of invasive coronary procedures, requiring the adoption of strategies to minimize complications. Objectives: To compare the survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months in patients undergoing early intervention strategy by the radial or femoral access with vascular closure device. Methods: Randomized non inferiority trial involving 240 non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome patients. The survival free of death, myocardial infarction or stroke was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log rank test. Results: The 30-day rate of vascular complications in the arterial puncture site was 12.5% in the Angio-Seal group and 13.3% in the radial group (p = 1.000). The 12-month incidence of major bleeding or blood transfusion did not differ between groups (2.5% vs. 1.7%, p = 1.000). There was no difference in survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events (90.8% versus 94.2%, p = 0.328). Conclusions: There was no distinction between the techniques in survival free of major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months of followup. Clinical trials with greater statistical power are needed to validate these findings


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemostasia
11.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 127: 275-284, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412543

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of major clinical events and its determinants in patients with previous cardiovascular event or not, and with or without diabetes from a middle-income country. METHODS: REACT study is a multicenter registry conducted between July 2010 and May 2013 in Brazil. Patients were eligible if they were over 45years old and high cardiovascular risk. Patients were followed for 12months; data were collected regarding adherence to evidence-based therapies and occurrence of clinical events (all-cause mortality, non-fatal cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or stroke). RESULTS: A total of 5006 subjects was included and analyzed in four groups: No diabetes and no previous cardiovascular event, n=430; diabetes and no previous cardiovascular event, n=1138; no diabetes and previous cardiovascular event, n=1747; and diabetes and previous cardiovascular event, n=1691. Major clinical events in one-year follow-up occurred in 332 patients. A previous cardiovascular event was associated with a higher risk of having another event in the follow-up (HR 2.31 95% CI 1.74-3.05, p<0.001), as did the presence of diabetes (HR 1.28 95% CI 1.10-1.73, p=0.005). In patients with diabetes,failure to reach HbA1c targetswas related topoorer event-free survival compared to patients with good metabolic control (HR 1.70 95% CI 1.01-2.84, p=0.044). CONCLUSIONS: In Brazil, diabetes confers high risk for major clinical events, but this condition is not equivalent to having a previous cardiovascular event. Moreover, not so strict targets for HbA1c in patients with diabetes and previous cardiovascular events might be considered.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social
12.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 29(3): 76-81, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28255102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a benefit of cilostazol in addition to standard dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), reducing in-stent late luminal loss and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bare-metal and drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. However, there is a paucity of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) assessment of neointimal tissue hyperplasia (NIH) after triple-antiplatelet therapy (TAPT), especially in diabetic patients treated with DES. METHODS: This prospective, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in diabetic patients randomized (1:1) to receive either standard DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel) vs TAPT with cilostazol for a minimum of 12 months after PCI with Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (E-ZES). The primary endpoint was the 9-month comparison of percentage of NIH in both groups. Additionally, we compared in-stent late lumen loss, binary restenosis, major adverse cardiac event (MACE; cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and restenosis) rates, and the incidence of vascular/bleeding complications. RESULTS: In total, 133 diabetic patients were enrolled (cilostazol cohort = 65 patients) with 56.4% male and mean age of 60.8 years. Overall, the two cohorts were comparable in terms of baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics, except for the reference vessel diameter, which was smaller among patients randomized to cilostazol (2.48 ± 0.46 mm vs 2.69 ± 0.48 mm; P=.01). At 9 months, there was a non-significant trend toward less percentage of NIH obstruction in the TAPT cohort (33.2 ± 8.29% vs 35.1 ± 8.45%; P=.07). However, this finding did not impact angiographic late-lumen loss (0.60 ± 0.46 mm cilostazol group vs 0.64 ± 0.48 mm control group; P=.30) and binary restenosis (9.8% vs 6.8%; P=.99). MACE rate also did not significantly differ between the cohorts (13.8% cilostazol group vs 8.8% control group; P=.81). Of note, the addition of a third antiplatelet agent did not increase vascular and bleeding complications. CONCLUSION: In diabetic patients treated with E-ZES, TAPT with cilostazol did not add any significant benefit in terms of NIH suppression or MACE reduction.


Assuntos
Aspirina , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reestenose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Neointima/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Tetrazóis , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Cilostazol , Clopidogrel , Comorbidade , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Tetrazóis/administração & dosagem , Tetrazóis/efeitos adversos , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 127: 275-284, 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1062383

RESUMO

AIMS:The aim of this study was to determine the rate of major clinical events and its determinants in patients with previous cardiovascular event or not, and with or without diabetes from a middle-income country.METHODS:REACT study is a multicenter registry conducted between July 2010 and May 2013 in Brazil. Patients were eligible if they were over 45years old and high cardiovascular risk. Patients were followed for 12months; data were collected regarding adherence to evidence-based therapies and occurrence of clinical events (all-cause mortality, non-fatal cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or stroke).


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia
14.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 29(3): 76-81, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1063691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a benefit of cilostazol in addition to standard dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), reducing in-stent late luminal loss and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bare-metal and drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. However, there is a paucity of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) assessment of neointimal tissue hyperplasia (NIH) after triple-antiplatelet therapy (TAPT), especially in diabetic patients treated with DES.METHODS: This prospective, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in diabetic patients randomized (1:1) to receive either standard DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel) vs TAPT with cilostazol for a minimum of 12 months after PCI with Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (E-ZES). The primary endpoint was the 9-month comparison of percentage of NIH in both groups. Additionally, we compared in-stent late lumen loss, binary restenosis, major adverse cardiac event (MACE; cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and restenosis) rates, and the incidence of vascular/bleeding complications...


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Doença das Coronárias
15.
In. Avezum, Alvaro; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli Francisco; Ferreira, João Fernando Monteiro; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. SOCESP - Cardiologia: atualização e reciclagem. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2017. p.227-232, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1084991
16.
Am Heart J ; 176: 10-6, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27264215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important and growing public health problem worldwide, but data about its actual prevalence, therapeutic management, and clinical outcomes in middle- to low-income countries are scarce. DESIGN: The First Brazilian Cardiovascular Registry of Atrial Fibrillation (the RECALL study) will assess demographic characteristics and evidence-based practice of a representative sample of patients with AF in Brazil. The prospective, multicenter registry has a planned sample size of around 5,000 patients at approximately 80 sites. Eligibility criteria include age >18 years and permanent, paroxysmal, or persistent AF documented by electrocardiogram, 24-hour Holter monitoring, or device interrogation. Patients will be followed up through 1 year after enrollment. Information on laboratory tests, echocardiographic data, medication use, and clinical outcomes will be obtained. Various aspects of the population will be described, including demographic characteristics; antithrombotic therapies; antiarrhythmic agents; level of control of international normalized ratio (by average time within the therapeutic range) among patients using vitamin K antagonists; rates of warfarin discontinuation; outcomes such as death, stroke, systemic embolism, and major bleeding within 1 year after enrollment in the study; and rates of electrical cardioversion, percutaneous ablation of AF, ablation of the atrioventricular junction, and pacemaker/cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. SUMMARY: RECALL is the first prospective, multicenter registry of AF in Brazil. This study will provide important information about demographics, practice patterns, treatments, and associated outcomes in patients with AF. The results of this registry will also allow Brazilian data to be put in perspective with other AF registries across the world and provide opportunities to improve care of patients with AF in Brazil.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Cardioversão Elétrica , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cardioversão Elétrica/métodos , Cardioversão Elétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Masculino , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/organização & administração , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 24(1-4): f:30-l:34, jan.-dez. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-878992

RESUMO

Introdução: A transição do ticagrelor para o clopidogrel não está fundamentada em estudos farmacodinâmicos ou clínicos, mas é uma prática comum. O objetivo do presente estudo foi testar, de forma exploratória, em pacientes com diagnóstico de síndrome coronariana aguda submetidos à intervenção coronariana percutânea, inicialmente tratados com ticagrelor, a transição para duas diferentes doses de clopidogrel no momento da alta hospitalar. Métodos: Pacientes previamente tratados com ticagrelor foram randomizados para receber uma dose de ataque de 300 mg de clopidogrel no momento da alta hospitalar, ou 75 mg, omitindo-se a dose de ataque. O objetivo primário foi a incidência de eventos adversos cardiovasculares ou sangramento aos 30 dias. Resultados: Dentre 348 pacientes selecionados, 132 foram incluídos e completaram o estudo. A incidência de eventos isquêmicos e hemorrágicos aos 30 dias foi similar entre os grupos, traduzindo-se em uma taxa de eventos cardíacos e cerebrovasculares de 6,1% vs. 9,1% (RR: 0,787; IC 95%: 0,361-1,715; p = 0,74). Conclusões: A transição para clopidogrel com a dose de 75 mg no momento da alta, omitindo-se uma dose de ataque, aparenta ser uma estratégia possível. Estudos com maior poder estatístico são necessários para confirmar estes achados


Background: The transition from ticagrelor to clopidogrel is not based on pharmacodynamic or clinical studies, but it is a common practice. The aim of the present study was to test, in an exploratory way, the transition to two different doses of clopidogrel at the time of hospital discharge in patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome submitted to percutaneous coronary intervention who were initially treated with ticagrelor. Methods: Patients previously treated with ticagrelor were randomized to receive a loading dose of 300 mg clopidogrel at hospital discharge, or 75 mg without the loading dose. The primary endpoint was the incidence of cardiovascular adverse events or bleeding at 30 days. Results: Of 348 selected patients, 132 were enrolled and completed the study. The incidence of ischemic and hemorrhagic events at 30 days was similar between the groups, resulting in a rate of cardiac and cerebrovascular events of 6.1% vs. 9.1% (RR: 0.787; 95% CI: 0.361-1.715; p = 0.74). Conclusions: The transition to clopidogrel with a dose of 75 mg at discharge, without a loading dose, appears to be a possible strategy. Studies with greater statistical power are needed to confirm these findings


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Diagnóstico , Alta do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Análise Estatística , Stents
19.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(4): f:238-l:241, out.-dez. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-846502

RESUMO

Introdução: A válvula aórtica transcateter de segunda geração LotusTM foi desenhada para proporcionar ao intervencionista o controle completo de sua liberação durante o procedimento. O presente estudo apresenta a experiência inicial e os desfechos hospitalares de pacientes tratados com essa prótese no Brasil. Métodos: Registro observacional, retrospectivo, que incluiu pacientes com estenose aórtica grave sintomáticos, considerados de alto risco cirúrgico, tratados em sete centros.Resultados: Receberam o dispositivo 31 pacientes, sendo 61,3% do sexo feminino, com idade de 82,9 ± 6,9 anos e escore STS de 6,5 ± 4,1%. A área valvar aórtica foi de 0,73 ± 0,18 cm2 e o gradiente médio de 51,7 ± 13,9 mmHg. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados pela via transfemoral, e a pré-dilatação foi necessária em 65% dos casos. A taxa de sucesso do procedimento foi de 96,7%. Não houve complicação vascular com necessidade de intervenção cirúrgica e nem casos de acidente vascular cerebral. O gradiente médio após o procedimento foi de 10,5 ± 5,8 mmHg e não foram observadas regurgitações aórticas de graus moderado/importante. A taxa de implante de marca-passo definitivo foi de 38,7%, e a permanência hospitalar de 8,5 ± 4,8 dias. Conclusões: Na experiência inicial com o implante da válvula aórtica LotusTM, os resultados hospitalares demostraram a segurança e a eficácia do dispositivo, além de ausência de regurgitação aórtica relevante


Background: The second-generation LotusTM transcatheter aortic valve was designed to provide the interventional cardiologist with complete control of its release during the procedure. This study presents the initial experience and in-hospital outcomes of patients treated with this prosthesis in Brazil. Methods: This observational and retrospective study included patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis considered at high surgical risk, treated in seven centers. Results: The device was used in 31 patients, 61.3% female, aged 82.9 ± 6.9 years, and with STS score of 6.5 ± 4.1%. The aortic valve area was 0.73 ± 0.18 cm2 and the mean gradient was 51.7 ± 13.9 mmHg. All procedures were performed by the transfemoral access route, and pre-dilation was necessary in 65% of cases. The success rate of the procedure was 96.7%. There were no vascular complications requiring surgical intervention nor cases of stroke. The mean gradient after the procedure was 10.5 ± 5.8 mmHg; no cases of moderate to severe aortic regurgitation were observed. The rate of permanent pacemaker implantation was 38.7%, and mean in-hospital length of stay was 8.5 ± 4.8 days. Conclusions: In the initial experience with the use of the LotusTM aortic valve, in-hospital results demonstrated the safety and efficacy of the device; no cases of significant aortic regurgitation were observed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Próteses e Implantes , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Bioprótese/tendências , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Estudo Observacional , Fatores de Risco
20.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(4): f:285-l:287, out.-dez. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-846623

RESUMO

O implante percutâneo de bioprótese aórtica é a terapia estabelecida em pacientes com estenose aórtica grave. Houve um progressivo aperfeiçoamento na tecnologia dos dispositivos que, associada a maior experiência dos operadores, resultou em procedimentos mais seguros e com melhores resultados. O primeiro dispositivo de segunda geração aprovado no Brasil, o sistema de válvula Lotus™ (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, EUA), incorpora várias dessas novas características. Descrevemos aqui os dois primeiros casos realizados no país, conduzidos sob anestesia local e sedação consciente, ambos com sucesso


Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a well-established therapy in patients with severe aortic stenosis. There has been a progressive improvement in device technology associated with increased experience of the interventionists, resulting in safer procedures with better outcomes. The first secondgeneration device approved in Brazil, Lotus™ Valve System (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, USA), incorporates several of these new characteristics. This report describes the first two cases, both successfully performed in the country, carried out under local anesthesia and conscious sedation


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Bioprótese , Sedação Consciente/métodos , Terapêutica/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Anestesia Local/métodos , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Próteses e Implantes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA