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1.
Zootaxa ; 4895(1): zootaxa.4895.1.1, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311051

RESUMO

Species from almost all classes of ciliates are prone to be found inhabiting bromeliads in the Neotropics, from Mexico to Brazil, and the Antilles. Studies of ciliates recorded from bromeliads have been carried out from few bromeliad species, mainly in tropical forest. We compiled all available data of free living and sessile ciliates from bromeliads, including their geographic distribution and bromeliad identity. We provide a list of 170 ciliate species that have been recorded in 52 epiphytic and terrestrial bromeliad species, distributed in ten Neotropical countries . Most of the species belong to the Classes Oligohymenophorea, Colpodea and Spirotrichea. The largest number of ciliate species has been recorded in Brazil and Mexico. Bromeliothrix metopoides and Glaucomides bromelicola were the two species with the widest geographical distribution, 19 species have been recorded only in Mexico, 11 in the Antillean islands, and 89 only in Southamerica. Free living species prevailed over sessile species, and both represent 2% of the total ciliate species number. Sixteen ciliate species have been recorded only inhabiting in bromeliads. Although bromeliads show a high endemicity, their specificity is low in relation to ciliates.


Assuntos
Alveolados , Bromeliaceae , Cilióforos , Animais
2.
Zootaxa ; 4763(1): zootaxa.4763.1.2, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056876

RESUMO

A compilation of the ciliated species found on freshwater and marine ostracods as epibiont or parasite (endobiont) has been carried out based on published records. The checklist includes the taxonomic position of each species of epibiontic and endobiontic ciliate, the species of basibiont ostracodes, the geographic zones and the bibliographic references where they were recorded. Altogether 7 suctorian, 29 peritrich, one apostome and one scuticociliatid species were listed. Two of recorded suctorian species are possible specific to marine ostracodes, whereas only one, Tokophrya sibirica to freshwater hosts. Fourteen species of peritrichs are likely specific to freshwater ostracodes, while three possible specific to marine ostracode hosts. Other suctorian and peritrich ciliate species were found on a variety of host taxa. One species of scuticociliatid was recorded as endobiont in ostracod.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Animais , Crustáceos , Água Doce , Registros
3.
Eur J Protistol ; 74: 125667, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203852

RESUMO

The cosmopolitan genus Euplotes Ehrenberg, 1830 comprises a highly distinguishable group of ciliates. However, details of the cell surface, the ciliature, and molecular data are still scarce for some species. We studied Euplotes octocarinatus Carter, 1972 from two Mexican freshwater bodies, providing data on its morphology, SSU rRNA gene sequence, and phylogeny. In addition, we obtained all data of previous records to show its geographic distribution and biogeographical pattern. The current populations showed some differences as compared with the original description and we provide an improved diagnosis. Morphologically, the species is very similar to Euplotes patella and E. daidaleos but differs by invariably having eight dorsolateral kineties (vs. nine in Euplotes patella and E. daidaleos), and lacking endosymbiotic green algae (vs. present in E. daidaleos). Phylogenetically, the Mexican population of E. octocarinatus nested with four isolates of the species lacking morphological characterization. The Euplotes octocarinatus described herein grouped into a fully-supported clade, which includes E. patella, E. amieti, E. daidaleos, E. eurystomus, E. woodruffi and E. aediculatus. Biogeographically, E. octocarinatus seems to have a wide distribution.


Assuntos
Euplotes , Filogenia , DNA de Protozoário/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Euplotes/classificação , Euplotes/citologia , Euplotes/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
4.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 67(1): 4-17, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231936

RESUMO

Eugregarines are understudied apicomplexan parasites of invertebrates inhabiting marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments. Most currently known terrestrial eugregarines have been described parasitizing the gut from less than 1% of total insect diversity, with a high likelihood that the remaining insect species are infected. Eugregarine diversity in orthopterans (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, and crickets) is still little known. We carried out a survey of the eugregarines parasitizing the Mexican lubber grasshopper, Taeniopoda centurio, an endemic species to the northwest of Mexico. We described two new eugregarine species from the gut of the host: Amoebogregarina taeniopoda n. sp. and Quadruspinospora mexicana n. sp. Both species are morphologically dissimilar in their life-cycle stages. Our SSU rDNA phylogenetic analysis showed that both species are phylogenetically distant to each other, even though they parasitize the same host. Amoebogregarina taeniopoda n. sp. clustered within the clade Gregarinoidea, being closely related to Amoebogregarina nigra from the grasshopper Melanoplus differentialis. Quadruspinospora mexicana n. sp. clustered within the clade Actinocephaloidea and grouped with Prismatospora evansi, a parasite from dragonfly naiads. Amoebogregarina taeniopoda n. sp. and Q. mexicana n. sp. represent the first record of eugregarines found to infect a species of the family Romaleidae.


Assuntos
Apicomplexa/classificação , Apicomplexa/citologia , Gafanhotos/parasitologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Filogenia , Animais , Apicomplexa/ultraestrutura , DNA de Protozoário/análise , DNA Ribossômico/análise , México , Microscopia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Zootaxa ; 4648(2): zootaxa.4648.2.11, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716955

RESUMO

Epibiosis is common among ciliates and crustaceans because the calcified surface of the crustacean body offers a suitable site for colonization by the epibiont. Suctoria are among the most common epibiont ciliate groups of freshwater decapod crustaceans. The aim of this study is to increase knowledge of suctorians as epibionts of freshwater decapod crustaceans of the families Cambaridae and Pseudothelphusidae. Crustaceans were collected from three rivers and one pond in Chiapas, Mexico. Six species of suctorian epibionts were recorded: Acineta tuberosa, Podophrya maupasi, P. sandi, Tokophrya cyclopum, T. quadripartita and Trichophrya epistylidis. This is the first record of ciliate epibionts on members of family Pseudothelphusidae (represented by Phrygiopilus montebelloensis and Raddaus bocourti), and the first record of suctorians epibionts on Procambarus (Austrocambarus) sp. (Cambaridae).


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Cinetofragminóforos , Animais , Astacoidea , Água Doce , México
6.
Zootaxa ; 4500(3): 301-328, 2018 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486065

RESUMO

The family Vorticellidae includes 21 genera, mainly with species worldwide distributed, as free-living, and attached to diverse organisms as epibionts. The goal of this paper is to provide an updated checklist of the worldwide vorticellids reported attached to the crustaceans. We revised and checked all available records of species of vorticellids including their crustacean hosts. We found 96 vorticellid species belonging to 14 genera with at least a report on the body of 81 species of crustaceans. Four genera of ciliates (Vorticella, Pseudovorticella, Carchesium and Intranstylum) had the major number of species living as epibionts. We provide also the complete list of the species of vorticellids, and conclude the need of a taxonomic revision of the family.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Oligoimenóforos , Animais , Crustáceos
7.
Zookeys ; (782): 1-9, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275717

RESUMO

Epibiosis is very common between crustaceans and ciliates where the calcified surface of the crustacean body provides a suitable substrate for ciliate colonization. The aim of this contribution is to provide data about a new record between the epistylid ciliate Epistylishentscheli Kahl, 1935, and the crayfish Procambarus (Austrocambarus) sp. The distribution of the epistylid on the basibiont body and its cellular/colonial characteristics were analyzed. Procambarus (Austrocambarus) sp. harbored colonies of E.hentscheli only on the pereiopods. This is the first record of this peritrich ciliate as an epibiont on Crustacea, having been previously found on algae and fish.

8.
Zootaxa ; 4497(2): 241-257, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30313676

RESUMO

The study of ciliate diversity in tropical environments remains scarce. In Neotropical forests, bromeliads are a common component of the vascular flora; bromeliads with tank morphology intercept rain water and detritus, resulting in the formation of a phytotelm, where heterotrophic protist communities like ciliates can establish. However, it is not known if ciliates inhabit tank-less bromeliads. For this reason, the goal of the present study was to investigate if ciliates can establish between the leaf axils of five terrestrial and epiphytic tank-less bromeliad species in a dry tropical forest in west Mexico. We collected samples of rain water and detritus from the leaf axils during the humid season of years 2015 and 2016. For ciliate taxonomical identification, we used optical microscopy, in vivo observation, and silver impregnation techniques. To summarize information about geographical distribution of ciliates identified at species level in the Neotropics, we provided their records from previous works, at country level with locality and georeferenciation. We recorded 27 taxa of ciliates, where the class Oligohymenophorea contained the largest richness of taxa. Drepanomonas revoluta, Leptopharynx bromeliophilus, and Tetrahymena sp. were recorded from all the species of bromeliads. Bromelia karatas was the species that hosted the largest number of ciliate taxa (22). Our results indicated that Glaucomides bromelicola, Gonostomum bromelicola, Leptopharynx bromelicola and L. bromeliophilus, species which are considered endemic to tank bromeliads, can also inhabit tank-less bromeliads. We provided previous records of 19 ciliate species from eleven countries within the Neotropical region, and Bromeliothrix metopoides was the species most frequently recorded in Neotropical countries (9). Therefore, tank-less bromeliads can constitute a temporal habitat for ciliates, and function as cysts reservoirs in environments with a pronounced seasonality like dry tropical forests.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Florestas , Animais , Bromelia , Bromeliaceae , Ecossistema , México
9.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 65(3): 357-371, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044809

RESUMO

The genus Oxytricha Bory de Saint-Vincent in Lamouroux, Bory de Saint-Vincent and Deslongchamps, 1824 comprises about 38 species distributed worldwide and has been considered to be a nonmonophyletic group. Based on living observations, protargol preparations, and a small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene sequence, we describe a new subspecies Oxytricha granulifera chiapasensis n. subsp. This new taxon is morphologically characterized by undulating membranes basically in a Stylonychia-pattern, six dorsal kineties, size in vivo ca. 60-120 × 20-40 µm, 21-30 right and 21-31 left marginal cirri, 22-29 adoral membranelles, and spherical cortical granules arranged in longitudinal rows on the dorsal side. In terms of the SSU rRNA gene sequence, the new subspecies differs from populations of O. granulifera from GENBANK by 7-35 nucleotides. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Oxytricha granulifera gene sequences were nested into three groups, with the new subspecies included in one of them. Oxytricha granulifera chiapasensis n. subsp. is different from Oxytricha granulifera granulifera Foissner and Adam, 1983 and Oxytricha granulifera quadricirrata Blatterer and Foissner, 1988 based on: (i) undulating membranes in Stylonychia-pattern, (ii) formation of a sixth dorsal kinety during morphogenesis, (iii) the adoral membranelles number, and (iv) inhabiting freshwater habitats.


Assuntos
Lagos/parasitologia , Oxytricha/classificação , DNA de Protozoário/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ecossistema , México , Oxytricha/genética , Oxytricha/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores/genética
10.
Zootaxa ; 4132(4): 451-92, 2016 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27395687

RESUMO

The genera Lagenophrys Stein, 1852, Paralagenophrys Clamp, 1987, Clistolagenophrys Clamp, 1991, and Operculigera Kane, 1969 make up the family Lagenophryidae and, together, contain more than 80 species worldwide that live mainly as ectosymbionts of crustaceans. Lagenophryids are characterized by possession of a lorica, but the lorica aperture and the associated parts of the body differ between genera. Despite their widespread distribution, relatively few papers have been published on lagenophryids in recent years, and the present paper is intended to promote research on lagenophryids by providing an annotated checklist of all known species and a brief review of the family, including data of their geographic distribution and their hosts.


Assuntos
Oligoimenóforos/classificação , Oligoimenóforos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Distribuição Animal , Lista de Checagem , Ecossistema , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Oligoimenóforos/fisiologia
11.
Zootaxa ; 4040(5): 543-58, 2015 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26624689

RESUMO

The article is to present a review of the taxonomic literature of pilisuctorid ciliates and new data from samples taken in Ukraine and Mexico. In order to contribute to the knowledge of this specialised ciliate group, the present article contains the general characteristics of order Pilisuctorida members, information on morphology and life cycles of all its representatives and some own data on distribution of three species of genus Conidophrys in Ukraine and Mexico. The taxonomic composition of this order, and diagnoses of all taxa are also included, as well the keys to the taxa.


Assuntos
Cilióforos/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Cilióforos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tamanho do Órgão
12.
Eur J Protistol ; 51(1): 15-33, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25497463

RESUMO

The ciliate diversity of Mexican bromeliads is poorly known. We studied the ciliate community of two species of epiphytic tank bromeliads from 48 individuals of Tillandsia heterophylla and four of T. prodigiosa. The bromeliads occurred on over 22 tree host species. Samples were collected during 2009 and 2010 in a mountain cloud forest and in two coffee plantations and in a pine-oak forest. The ciliates were identified in live and protargol preparations. We recorded 61 ciliate species distributed in 39 genera grouped in eight classes. Ten species were frequent in the 52 samples (20 ± 3.2) and Leptopharynx bromeliophilus was the most frequent recorded in 25 samples. Thirty-three species are new for the fauna of Mexico, 24 species have been recorded for the first time in tank bromeliads. The classes Spirotrichea, Oligohymenophorea and Colpodea presented the highest number of species, 16, 14, and 12, respectively. Colpoda was the most species-rich genus being present with six species. A low similarity between areas and seasons was obtained with Jaccard's index. We conclude that the two bromeliads species host a rich ciliate diversity whose knowledge contributes to the question of ciliate distribution and specifically, in tank bromeliads.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Cilióforos/fisiologia , Tillandsia/parasitologia , Cilióforos/classificação , Água Doce/parasitologia , México
13.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 57(5): 435-43, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20707827

RESUMO

A new species of suctorian in the genus Periacineta, epibiotic on aquatic bugs (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Nepomorpha), is described on the basis of morphological characteristics of the cell body, lorica, tentacular placement, and stalk, and its 18S rRNA partial sequence gene. Periacineta mexicana n. sp. is a loricate suctorian with elongate body and rounded apical region; tentacles are distributed randomly over apical region and not grouped into fascicles. Macronucleus in adult is elongate and located centrally. The suctorian usually forms closely aggregated pseudocolonies. We provide morphological data based on optical and scanning electron microscopy. A comparison with similar congeners, and emended diagnosis of the genus Periacineta also are provided. The ciliates were found attached to the first two pairs of legs of Mexican notonectids Buenoa pallens and Buenoa spp. (backswimmers).


Assuntos
Cilióforos/isolamento & purificação , Heterópteros/parasitologia , Animais , Tamanho Celular , Cilióforos/classificação , Cilióforos/citologia , Cilióforos/genética , DNA de Protozoário/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , México , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia
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