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Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211670, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1254259


Aim: To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments and adhesive approaches on the microshear bond strength of resin cement to a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN). Methods: PICN blocks were randomly assigned into 9 groups (n=10): CTRL: no treatment; HF: 5% hydrofluoric acid etching; HF-S: HF + silane; HF-S-A: HF-S + adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2); HF-UA: HF + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal); SB: sandblasting with 50 µm Al2O3 particles; SB-S: SB + silane; SB-S-A: SB-S + adhesive; SB-UA: SB + universal adhesive. Resin cement microcylinders (Ø = 0.96 mm; height = 1 mm) (RelyX Ultimate) were built upon the PICN surface after roughness and contact angle measurements. Next, microshear bonding tests (µSBS) were performed (0.5 mm/min) after water storage (37ºC, 90 days) and thermocycling (12,000 cycles; 5ºC-55ºC). Failure modes were observed under stereomicroscope. Bond strength data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA/Tukey's test and t-tests. Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn's tests were conducted for roughness and contact angle data (α = 0.05). Results: A rougher surface and lower contact angles were observed for Sandblasting. HF-S (18.54 ± 2.03 MPa), SB-S (19.00 ± 1.66 MPa) and SB-UA (18.07 ± 2.36 MPa) provided the highest bond strength values, followed by the other treated groups. The CTRL group resulted in lower bond strength (7.18 ± 2.34 MPa). Conclusion: Hydrofluoric acid etching followed by silane application and sandblasting followed by silane or universal adhesive are useful clinical steps to enhance bonding to PICN. Adhesive applications after HF etching have no advantages in bonding to PICN

Propriedades de Superfície , Cerâmica , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos de Resina , Abrasão Dental por Ar , Ácido Fluorídrico
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865557


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Whether procedures performed before the cementation of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) glass-ceramic restorations, including milling, fitting adjustment, and hydrofluoric acid etching introduce defects on the ceramic surface that affect the mechanical and surface properties is unclear. PURPOSE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the effect of milling, fitting adjustments, and hydrofluoric acid etching (HF) on the flexural strength and roughness (Ra) of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature searches were performed up to June 2020 in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, with no publication year or language limits. The focused question was "Do milling, fitting adjustments, and hydrofluoric acid etching affect the flexural strength and roughness of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics?" For the meta-analysis, flexural strength and Ra data on milling, fitting adjustment, and HF etching versus control (polishing) were analyzed globally. A subgroup analysis assessed the effect of etching parameters (HF concentration and time) on the flexural strength and roughness of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics with different microstructures. Comparisons were performed with random-effect models at 5% significance. RESULTS: Fourteen studies from 2764 potentially relevant records were included in the qualitative syntheses, and 12 in the meta-analysis. Milling and fitting adjustments increased roughness and reduced the flexural strength of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics. The effect of HF etching was dependent on the glass-ceramic microstructure, HF concentration, and etching time. For feldspathic- and leucite-reinforced ceramics, HF 5% applied for between 30 and 120 seconds increased roughness without affecting flexural strength. For lithium disilicate glass-ceramics, HF concentrations greater than 4.9% used for 20 seconds or more reduced the strength without affecting the surface roughness. CONCLUSIONS: The flexural strength of CAD-CAM glass-ceramic is reduced by grinding procedures such as milling and fitting adjustment. Ceramic microstructure, HF concentration, and etching time determined the effect of hydrofluoric acid etching on the flexural strength and surface roughness of glass-ceramic materials.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 109: 103800, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32347216


This study evaluated the effects of diamond bur grinding the intaglio surface of second (yttria partially-stabilized zirconia polycrystals, PSZ) and third-generation zirconia (fully-stabilized zirconia polycrystals, FSZ) adhesively cemented to dentin analogue substrate on the fatigue failure load, cycle number until failure, surface micromorphology and phase transformation. Disc-shaped specimens were produced from second (Katana ML-HT, Kuraray) and third-generation zirconia (Katana STML, Kuraray) and randomly allocated (n = 15) into two groups according to the intaglio surface treatment: Control - Ctrl (without grinding); Grinding - Gr (grinding at the center of the intaglio surface). The ceramic discs were adhesively cemented (Multilink Automix System) onto dentin analogue discs. Fatigue tests were executed by the step-stress method. The obtained data were analyzed by Kaplan Meier and Mantel-Cox tests. In addition, surface topography, roughness, phase transformation and fractography analyses were performed. SEM analysis showed that grinding increased the surface roughness and introduced defects in zirconia from both generations. Grinding increased the fatigue failure load, number of cycles to failure and survival rates of the second-generation zirconia statistically (control: 1373.33 N < grinding: 1600 N), while these same outcomes were reduced by grinding for the third-generation zirconia significantly (control: 766.67 N > grinding: 620 N). Thus, clinical adjustments with diamond burs damage the fatigue behavior of adhesively cemented third-generation zirconia.

Cerâmica , Ítrio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e190918, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1087410


Aim: This study evaluated the effect of surface treatments of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramics on their bond strength to a resin cement. Methods: Seventy zirconia blocks (6 × 6 × 2 mm3, IPS e.max ZirCAD) were assigned into 7 groups (n=10) ­ as-sintered (AS), no treatment; tribochemical silica coating + silanization (TBS; Cojet-sand; ProSil); airabrasion with 45 µm alumina particles + universal primer (AAP; Monobond®Plus); fusion sputtering (FS); SiO2 nanofilm + silanization (SN; ProSil); FS+SN+ silanization (FSSN; ProSil); FS+SN+Universal Primer (FSSNP; Monobond®Plus). Afterwards, a resin cement (RelyX™ ARC) was applied inside cylinders (Ø = 0.96 mm × 1 mm height) placed on the zirconia surfaces. Microshear bond strength tests (µSBS) were carried out (1 mm/min). Failure and phase transformation analysis were performed. Bond strength data (MPa) were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis/Mann Whitney tests. Results: TBS (27 ± 1.2) and AAP (24.7 ± 0.8) showed higher bond strengths than the other groups, followed by FSSNP (15.5 ± 4.2) and FSSN (13.3 ± 3.6). FS (3.4 ± 0.44) and SN (9.5 ± 2.7) showed the lowest values (p < 0.001). Most of the specimens exhibited an adhesive failure. Conclusion: Air-abrasion by silica-coated alumina particles followed by silanization or by alumina particles followed by universal primer resulted in the highest resin bond strength to zirconia. Fusion sputtering and silica nanofilm deposition induced low strengths. However, when these methods are applied in combination and with a primer (FSSN and FSSNP), higher bond strengths may be achieved. Low bond strengths are obtained when no zirconia treatment is performed

Ítrio , Cimentos de Resina , Cimentos Dentários , Resistência à Flexão
J Prosthet Dent ; 118(5): 604-610, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28385431


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The color stability of luting agents influences the esthetics of ceramic laminate veneers. Clinical studies that have evaluated the color changes of veneers cemented to enamel with light- and dual-polymerizing resin cement are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this split-mouth randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the color change and marginal discoloration of dual- and light-polymerizing cement used for cementation of ceramic laminate veneers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 10 participants, 0.3-mm-thick ceramic laminate veneers were cemented on the buccal surface of the second premolars without tooth preparation. A randomized application of light-polymerized cement was used on one side and a dual-polymerized cement on the contralateral side. The operator and participants were blinded to the activation mode. Color was evaluated by a blinded evaluator with a spectrophotometer at 24 hours and at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months after cementation. The CIELab (ΔE*ab) and CIEDE2000 (ΔE*00) formulas were used to quantify color alteration, and Δa*, Δb*, and ΔL* were calculated between the first and subsequent measurements. US Public Health Service guidelines were used to evaluate the marginal discoloration. RESULTS: Wilcoxon tests did not show a statistical difference in ΔE*ab and ΔE*00 between the groups (P>.05). At 24 months, the median ΔE*ab was 2.31 (interquartile ranges [IQR]: 3.34) for the light-polymerizing mode and 1.57 (IQR: 0.41) for the dual-polymerizing mode, while the median ΔE*00 was 1.65 for the light-polymerizing mode (IQR: 2.34) and 1.18 for the dual-polymerizing mode (IQR: 0.25). The thresholds for clinically acceptable color changes ΔE*ab>3.46 and ΔE*00>2.25 were found for both curing modes. Marginal discoloration was observed from the 2-year assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The color stability of ceramic laminate veneers was similar for both of the polymerizing modes for all evaluated periods. Marginal discoloration increased over a 2-year period for both the light- and the dual-polymerizing modes.

Cerâmica/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Facetas Dentárias , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Cor , Método Duplo-Cego , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Polimerização