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2.
Pancreatology ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality in infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is dynamic over the course of the disease, with type and timing of interventions as well as persistent organ failure being key determinants. The timing of infection onset and how it pertains to mortality is not well defined. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between mortality and the development of early IPN. METHODS: International multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with IPN, confirmed by a positive microbial culture from (peri) pancreatic collections. The association between timing of infection onset, timing of interventions and mortality were assessed using Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 743 patients from 19 centers across 3 continents with culture-confirmed IPN from 2000 to 2016 were evaluated, mortality rate was 20.9% (155/734). Early infection was associated with a higher mortality, when early infection occurred within the first 4 weeks from presentation with acute pancreatitis. After adjusting for comorbidity, advanced age, organ failure, enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition, early infection (≤4 weeks) and early open surgery (≤4 weeks) were associated with increased mortality [HR: 2.45 (95% CI: 1.63-3.67), p < 0.001 and HR: 4.88 (95% CI: 1.70-13.98), p = 0.003, respectively]. There was no association between late open surgery, early or late minimally invasive surgery, early or late percutaneous drainage with mortality (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Early infection was associated with increased mortality, independent of interventions. Early surgery remains a strong predictor of excess mortality.

3.
Dig Dis ; 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a highly aggressive malignancy, and its incidence seems to be increasing over the last years. Given the high rate of irresectability at the time of initial diagnosis, new treatment approaches are important to achieve better patient outcomes. Our review provides an overview of current multimodal therapy options across different specialties of gastroenterology/oncology, surgery, and interventional radiology. SUMMARY: CCA is subdivided into clinically and molecularly distinct phenotypes. Surgical treatment currently is the only potentially curative therapy, but unfortunately the majority of all patients are not eligible for resection at the time of initial diagnosis due to anatomic location, inadequate hepatic reserve, metastatic disease or limiting comorbidities. However, multimodal treatment options are available to prolong survival, relieve symptoms and maintain life quality. Key Messages: The treatment of CCA is complex and requires close interdisciplinary collaboration and individualized treatment planning to ensure optimal patient care at specialized centers. Molecular profiling of patients and inclusion into clinical trials is highly recommended.

4.
MMW Fortschr Med ; 163(18): 66-69, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652672

Assuntos
Lipase , Pancreatite , Humanos
5.
Euro Surveill ; 26(43)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713795

RESUMO

BackgroundIn the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, viral genomes are available at unprecedented speed, but spatio-temporal bias in genome sequence sampling precludes phylogeographical inference without additional contextual data.AimWe applied genomic epidemiology to trace SARS-CoV-2 spread on an international, national and local level, to illustrate how transmission chains can be resolved to the level of a single event and single person using integrated sequence data and spatio-temporal metadata.MethodsWe investigated 289 COVID-19 cases at a university hospital in Munich, Germany, between 29 February and 27 May 2020. Using the ARTIC protocol, we obtained near full-length viral genomes from 174 SARS-CoV-2-positive respiratory samples. Phylogenetic analyses using the Auspice software were employed in combination with anamnestic reporting of travel history, interpersonal interactions and perceived high-risk exposures among patients and healthcare workers to characterise cluster outbreaks and establish likely scenarios and timelines of transmission.ResultsWe identified multiple independent introductions in the Munich Metropolitan Region during the first weeks of the first pandemic wave, mainly by travellers returning from popular skiing areas in the Alps. In these early weeks, the rate of presumable hospital-acquired infections among patients and in particular healthcare workers was high (9.6% and 54%, respectively) and we illustrated how transmission chains can be dissected at high resolution combining virus sequences and spatio-temporal networks of human interactions.ConclusionsEarly spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Europe was catalysed by superspreading events and regional hotspots during the winter holiday season. Genomic epidemiology can be employed to trace viral spread and inform effective containment strategies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecção Hospitalar , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral , Genômica , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Filogenia , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Internist (Berl) ; 62(10): 1025-1033, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529121

RESUMO

The cardinal symptom of chronic pancreatitis is severe belt-like upper abdominal pain, which requires immediate and adequate treatment. Furthermore, advanced stage chronic pancreatitis is often associated with complications, such as pancreatic pseudocysts, pancreatic duct stones and stenosis as well as biliary stenosis. The various endoscopic and surgical treatment options for chronic pancreatitis patients have been controversially discussed for decades. The new German S3 guidelines on pancreatitis now clearly define the best treatment options depending on the indications for treatment. For the treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis it has been known for a long time that a surgical intervention is superior to endoscopic intervention concerning long-term pain relief. The recently published ESCAPE study has further underlined this by showing that early surgical intervention was superior to a step-up approach with initial endoscopic treatment. For the treatment of pancreatic pain, an initial endoscopic treatment attempt is therefore justified for short-term pain relief but in the midterm and long term, surgical intervention is the treatment of choice. In contrast, pancreatic pseudocysts, solitary proximally situated pancreatic duct stones and benign biliary strictures (except in calcifying pancreatitis) can nowadays generally be managed endoscopically. For distal pancreatic duct stones and symptomatic pancreatic duct stenosis surgical treatment is again the method of choice. This review article discusses these indication-related procedures in detail and explains them in relation to the recently published S3 guidelines on pancreatitis of the German Society for Gastroenterology, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS).


Assuntos
Pseudocisto Pancreático , Pancreatite Crônica , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Dor , Manejo da Dor , Pseudocisto Pancreático/diagnóstico , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Crônica/cirurgia
7.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 13(1): 95-112, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Progression of chronic liver disease (CLD) to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer is a major global cause of morbidity and mortality. Treatment options capable of inhibiting progression of liver fibrosis when etiological treatment of CLD is not available or fails have yet to be established. We investigated the role of serine/threonine kinase p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) as checkpoint of fibrogenesis in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and as target for the treatment of liver fibrosis. APPROACH & RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry was used to assess p70S6K expression in liver resection specimen. Primary human or murine HSCs from wild-type or p70S6K-/- mice as well as LX-2 cells were used for in vitro experiments. Specific small interfering RNA or CEP-1347 were used to silence or inhibit p70S6K and assess its functional relevance in viability, contraction and migration assays, fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and Western blot. These results were validated in vivo by a chemical model of fibrogenesis using wild-type and p70S6K-/- mice. Expression of p70S6K was significantly increased in human cirrhotic vs noncirrhotic liver-tissue and progressively increased in vitro through activation of primary human HSCs. Conversely, p70S6K induced fibrogenic activation of HSCs in different models, including the small interfering RNA-based silencing of p70S6K in HSC lines, experiments with p70S6K-/- cells, and the pharmacological inhibition of p70S6K by CEP-1347. These findings were validated in vivo as p70S6K-/- mice developed significantly less fibrosis upon exposure to CCl4. CONCLUSIONS: We establish p70S6K as a checkpoint of fibrogenesis in vitro and in vivo and CEP-1347 as potential treatment option that can safely be used for long-term treatment.

8.
mSystems ; 6(5): e0094521, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519520

RESUMO

The gut microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Trimethylamine (TMA), which is subsequently oxidized to TMAO in the liver, is formed by intestinal bacteria via distinct biochemical routes from dietary precursors that are enriched in animal product-based foods. To get a full picture of the entire process of the diet > gut microbiota > TMAO axis, we quantified potential TMA-forming gut bacteria and plasma metabolites using gene-targeted assays and targeted metabolomics on a subsample (n = 425) of a German population-based cohort study. We specifically compared persons reporting daily meat intake with those that rarely or never consume meat. While meat intake did not predict TMAO plasma levels in our study, two major bacterial TMA-forming pathways were linked to the metabolite's concentration. Furthermore, advancing age was strongly associated with TMAO. Construction of a structural equation model allowed us to disentangle the different routes that promote higher TMAO levels with increasing age, demonstrating, for the first time, a functional role of gut microbiota in the process, where specific food items augmented abundances of TMA-forming bacteria that were associated with higher TMAO plasma concentrations. Analyses stratified by age showed an association between carotid intima-media thickness and TMAO only in individuals >65 of age, indicating that this group is particularly affected by the metabolite. IMPORTANCE Many cohort studies have investigated the link between diet and plasma TMAO levels, reporting incongruent results, while gut microbiota were only recently included into analyses. In these studies, taxonomic data were recorded that are not a good proxy for TMA formation, as specific members of various taxa exhibit genes catalyzing this reaction, demanding function-based technologies for accurate quantification of TMA-synthesizing bacteria. Using this approach, we demonstrated that abundances of the main components leading to TMAO formation, i.e., TMA precursors and TMA-forming bacteria, are uncoupled and not governed by the same (dietary) factors. Results emphasize that all levels leading to TMA(O) formation should be considered for accurate risk assessment, rejecting the simple view that diets rich in TMA precursors directly lead to increased plasma levels of this hazardous compound. The results can assist in developing strategies to reduce TMAO levels, specifically in the elderly, who are prone to TMAO-associated diseases.

10.
Cells ; 10(9)2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571946

RESUMO

Chronic liver diseases (CLDs) are complex diseases that cause long-term inflammation and infection, which in turn accelerate their development. The usage of albumin in patients with CLDs has been debated for years. Human serum albumin (HSA) plays a key role in immunomodulation during the process of CLDs. The correlation between albumin and C-reactive protein (CRP) in CLD patients was analyzed by linear regression with the Pearson statistic. The damage of THP-1 and primary cells was evaluated by measuring the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the supernatant. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to determine underlying pathways in Kupffer cells (KCs). Albumin negatively correlated with infection in patients with CLDs. In vitro experiments with THP-1 cells and KCs showed that albumin reduced LDH release after stimulation with bacterial products, while no differences in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) were detected. Moreover, immunofluorescence staining revealed an increase of p-ERK and p-NF-kB p65 density after albumin treatment of KCs stimulated by bacterial products. In conclusion, albumin could assist CLD patients in alleviating inflammation caused by bacterial products and might be beneficial to patients with CLDs by securing KCs from bacteria-induced damage, providing a compelling rationale for albumin therapy in patients with CLDs.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Linhagem Celular , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Feminino , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/microbiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células THP-1
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating lipids and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) have been reliably associated with breast cancer. Observational studies suggest an interplay between lipids and IGF-I, however, whether these relationships are causal and if pathways from these phenotypes to breast cancer overlap is unclear. METHODS: Mendelian randomization (MR) was conducted to estimate the relationship between lipids or IGF-I and breast cancer risk using genetic summary statistics for lipids (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C; triglycerides, TGs), IGF-I and breast cancer from GLGC/UKBB (N = 239,119), CHARGE/UKBB (N = 252,547), and Breast Cancer Association Consortium (N = 247,173), respectively. Cross-sectional observational and MR analyses were conducted to assess the bi-directional relationship between lipids and IGF-I in SHIP (N = 3,812) and UKBB (N = 422,389), and using genetic summary statistics from GLGC (N = 188,577) and CHARGE/UKBB (N = 469,872). RESULTS: In multivariable MR (MVMR) analyses, the OR for breast cancer per 1-SD increase in HDL-C and TG was 1.08 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04-1.13] and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.89-0.98), respectively. The OR for breast cancer per 1-SD increase in IGF-I was 1.09 (95% CI, 1.04-1.15). MR analyses suggested a bi-directional TG-IGF-I relationship (TG-IGF-I ß per 1-SD: -0.13; 95% CI, -0.23 to -0.04; and IGF-I-TG ß per 1-SD: -0.11; 95% CI, -0.18 to -0.05). There was little evidence for a causal relationship between HDL-C and LDL-C with IGF-I. In MVMR analyses, associations of TG or IGF-I with breast cancer were robust to adjustment for IGF-I or TG, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a causal role of HDL-C, TG, and IGF-I in breast cancer. Observational and MR analyses support an interplay between IGF-I and TG; however, MVMR estimates suggest that TG and IGF-I may act independently to influence breast cancer. IMPACT: Our findings should be considered in the development of prevention strategies for breast cancer, where interventions are known to modify circulating lipids and IGF-I.

12.
Cells ; 10(7)2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359990

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest cancers. Developing biomarkers for early detection and chemotherapeutic response prediction is crucial to improve the dismal prognosis of PDAC patients. However, molecular cancer signatures based on transcriptome analysis do not reflect intratumoral heterogeneity. To explore a more accurate stratification of PDAC phenotypes in an easily accessible matrix, plasma metabolome analysis using MxP® Global Profiling and MxP® Lipidomics was performed in 361 PDAC patients. We identified three metabolic PDAC subtypes associated with distinct complex lipid patterns. Subtype 1 was associated with reduced ceramide levels and a strong enrichment of triacylglycerols. Subtype 2 demonstrated increased abundance of ceramides, sphingomyelin and other complex sphingolipids, whereas subtype 3 showed decreased levels of sphingolipid metabolites in plasma. Pathway enrichment analysis revealed that sphingolipid-related pathways differ most among subtypes. Weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) implied PDAC subtypes differed in their metabolic programs. Interestingly, a reduced expression among related pathway genes in tumor tissue was associated with the lowest survival rate. However, our metabolic PDAC subtypes did not show any correlation to the described molecular PDAC subtypes. Our findings pave the way for further studies investigating sphingolipids metabolisms in PDAC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/sangue , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Esfingolipídeos/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética
13.
Blood ; 138(14): 1269-1277, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280256

RESUMO

Vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) is a severe adverse effect of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 COVID-19 vaccine (Vaxzevria) and Janssen Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 vaccine, and it is associated with unusual thrombosis. VITT is caused by anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies activating platelets through their FcγRIIa receptors. Antibodies that activate platelets through FcγRIIa receptors have also been identified in patients with COVID-19. These findings raise concern that vaccination-induced antibodies against anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein cause thrombosis by cross-reacting with PF4. Immunogenic epitopes of PF4 and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein were compared using in silico prediction tools and 3D modeling. The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and PF4 share at least 1 similar epitope. Reactivity of purified anti-PF4 antibodies from patients with VITT was tested against recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. However, none of the affinity-purified anti-PF4 antibodies from 14 patients with VITT cross-reacted with SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Sera from 222 polymerase chain reaction-confirmed patients with COVID-19 from 5 European centers were tested by PF4-heparin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and PF4-dependent platelet activation assays. We found anti-PF4 antibodies in sera from 19 (8.6%) of 222 patients with COVID-19. However, only 4 showed weak to moderate platelet activation in the presence of PF4, and none of those patients developed thrombotic complications. Among 10 (4.5%) of 222 patients who had COVID-19 with thrombosis, none showed PF4-dependent platelet-activating antibodies. In conclusion, antibodies against PF4 induced by vaccination do not cross-react with the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, indicating that the intended vaccine-induced immune response against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein is not the trigger of VITT. PF4-reactive antibodies found in patients with COVID-19 in this study were not associated with thrombotic complications.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Fator Plaquetário 4/imunologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/etiologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Plaquetas/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Heparina/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/sangue , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This exploratory study aimed to evaluate lipidomic and metabolomic profiles in patients with early and advanced HCCs and to investigate whether certain metabolic parameters may predict the overall survival in these patients. METHODS: A total of 60 patients from the prospective, randomized-controlled, multicenter phase II SORAMIC trial were included in this substudy; among them were 30 patients with an early HCC who underwent radiofrequency ablation combined with sorafenib or a placebo and 30 patients with an advanced HCC who were treated with a selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) plus sorafenib vs. sorafenib alone. The blood serum of these patients was analyzed using a standardized nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) platform. All tested metabolites were correlated with the overall survival. RESULTS: The overall survival (OS) was significantly higher in patients with an early HCC (median OS: 34.0 months) compared with patients with an advanced HCC (median OS: 12.0 months) (p < 0.0001). Patients with high serum concentrations of myo-inositol (MI) had a higher overall survival compared with patients with low concentrations (21.6 vs. 13.8 months) with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.331 (p = 0.011). Patients with high serum concentrations of dimethylamine had a higher overall survival compared with patients with low concentrations (25.1 vs. 19.7 months) with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.279 (p = 0.034). High concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and LDL particles (LDL-P) were associated with a decreased overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: NMR-based lipidomic and metabolomic profiling has the potential to identify individual metabolite biomarkers that predict the outcome of patients with an HCC exposed to non-invasive therapeutic management.

15.
Infection ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279815

RESUMO

PURPOSE: While more advanced COVID-19 necessitates medical interventions and hospitalization, patients with mild COVID-19 do not require this. Identifying patients at risk of progressing to advanced COVID-19 might guide treatment decisions, particularly for better prioritizing patients in need for hospitalization. METHODS: We developed a machine learning-based predictor for deriving a clinical score identifying patients with asymptomatic/mild COVID-19 at risk of progressing to advanced COVID-19. Clinical data from SARS-CoV-2 positive patients from the multicenter Lean European Open Survey on SARS-CoV-2 Infected Patients (LEOSS) were used for discovery (2020-03-16 to 2020-07-14) and validation (data from 2020-07-15 to 2021-02-16). RESULTS: The LEOSS dataset contains 473 baseline patient parameters measured at the first patient contact. After training the predictor model on a training dataset comprising 1233 patients, 20 of the 473 parameters were selected for the predictor model. From the predictor model, we delineated a composite predictive score (SACOV-19, Score for the prediction of an Advanced stage of COVID-19) with eleven variables. In the validation cohort (n = 2264 patients), we observed good prediction performance with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.73 ± 0.01. Besides temperature, age, body mass index and smoking habit, variables indicating pulmonary involvement (respiration rate, oxygen saturation, dyspnea), inflammation (CRP, LDH, lymphocyte counts), and acute kidney injury at diagnosis were identified. For better interpretability, the predictor was translated into a web interface. CONCLUSION: We present a machine learning-based predictor model and a clinical score for identifying patients at risk of developing advanced COVID-19.

16.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 146(13-14): 891-893, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256402

RESUMO

During COVID 19 pandemic patients typically present with respiratory symptoms. However, in a significant number of patients the gastrointestinal tract is also involved in the disease. Up to 20 % of patients suffering from gastrointestinal symptoms. New insights in pathophysiological aspects might open new therapeutic concepts. This up-date includes current data regarding epidemiology of gastrointestinal symptoms in COVID 19, its role for prognosis and specific risks in relation to immunosuppressive therapies and underlying diseases.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Hepatopatias/virologia , Pancreatopatias/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade
17.
Gastroenterology ; 161(3): 996-1010.e1, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097885

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: Fluoropyrimidine c (5-fluorouracil [5FU]) increasingly represents the chemotherapeutic backbone for neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and palliative treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Even in combination with other agents, 5FU efficacy remains transient and limited. One explanation for the inadequate response is insufficient and nonspecific delivery of 5FU to the tumor. METHODS: We designed, generated, and characterized 5FU-incorporated systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX)-selected epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted aptamers for tumor-specific delivery of 5FU to PDAC cells and tested their therapeutic efficacy in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: 5FU-EGFR aptamers reduced proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner in mouse and human pancreatic cancer cell lines. Time-lapsed live imaging showed EGFR-specific uptake of aptamers via clathrin-dependent endocytosis. The 5FU-aptamer treatment was equally effective in 5FU-sensitive and 5FU-refractory PDAC cell lines. Biweekly treatment with 5FU-EGFR aptamers reduced tumor burden in a syngeneic orthotopic transplantation model of PDAC, in an autochthonously growing genetically engineered PDAC model (LSL-KrasG12D/+;LSL-Trp53flox/+;Ptf1a-Cre [KPC]), in an orthotopic cell line-derived xenograft model using human PDAC cells in athymic mice (CDX; Crl:NU-Foxn1nu), and in patient-derived organoids. Tumor growth was significantly attenuated during 5FU-EGFR aptamer treatment in the course of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor-specific targeted delivery of 5FU using EGFR aptamers as the carrier achieved high target specificity; overcame 5FU resistance; and proved to be effective in a syngeneic orthotopic transplantation model, in KPC mice, in a CDX model, and in patient-derived organoids and, therefore, represents a promising backbone for pancreatic cancer chemotherapy in patients. Furthermore, our approach has the potential to target virtually any cancer entity sensitive to 5FU treatment by incorporating 5FU into cancer cell-targeting aptamers as the delivery platform.

20.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 2111-2119, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34054303

RESUMO

Purpose: Although strongly related, the pathophysiological effect of the N34S mutation in the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) in chronic pancreatitis is still unknown. In this study, we investigate the conformational space of the human cationic trypsin-serine protease inhibitor complex. Methods: Simulations with molecular dynamics, replica exchange, and transition pathway methods are used. Results: Two main binding states of the inhibitor to the complex were found, which explicitly relate the influence of the mutation site to conformational changes in the active site of trypsin. Conclusion: Based on our result, a hypothesis is formulated that explains the development of chronic pancreatitis through accelerated digestion of the mutant by trypsin.

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