Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 18 de 18
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chemistry ; 26(17): 3776-3781, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917497

RESUMO

A new persistent organic free radical has been synthetized with Br atoms occupying the ortho- and para-positions of a trityl core. After the isolation of its two propeller-like atropisomers, Plus (P) and minus (M), their absolute configurations were assigned by a combination of theoretical and experimental data. Remarkably, no hints of racemization were observed up to 60 °C for more than two hours, due to the higher steric hindrance imposed by the bulky Br atoms. Therefore, when compared to its chlorinated homologue (t1/2 =18 s at 60 °C), an outstanding stability against racemization was achieved. A circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) response of both enantiomers was detected. This free radical shows a satisfactory luminescent dissymmetry factor (|glum (592 nm)|≈0.7×10-3 ) despite its pure organic nature and low luminescence quantum yield (LQY). Improved organic magnetic CPL emitters derived from the reported structure can be envisaged thanks to the wide possibilities that Br atoms at para-positions offer for further functionalization.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(45): 16282-16288, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518486

RESUMO

Chiroptical properties of two chiral atropisomers of propeller-like trityl-based radical derivatives have been analyzed. A new absolute configuration (AC) assignment has been made, according to the combination of experimental and theoretical data. In this sense, their ACs have been determined through the comparison of the Cotton effects recorded by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) with the theoretical ECD of the open shell structures obtained by TD-DFT calculations. Finally, their circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) responses have been addressed. Remarkably, this is the first description of organic free radicals as intrinsic CPL emitters. Opposite signed CPL has been detected for each pair of conformers, with acceptable luminescent dissymmetry factors (|glum |≈0.5-0.8×10-3 ) considering their pure organic nature. In fact, highly efficient chiral emissions have been demonstrated, according to the comparison of |glum | with their respective absorption anisotropy factors (|gabs |). This pioneering study lays the foundations for the optimization of new magnetically active organic chiral emitters.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(41): 14467-14471, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322792

RESUMO

A complete experimental and theoretical study has been carried out for aromatic and quinoidal perylene-based bridges substituted with bis(diarylamine) and bis(arylimine) groups respectively. The through-bridge inter-redox site electronic couplings (VAB ) have been calculated for their respective mixed-valence radical cation and radical anion species. The unusual similitudes of the resulting VAB values for the given structures reveal the intervention of molecular shapes with balanced semi-quinoidal/semi-aromatic structures in the charge delocalization. An identical molecular object equally responding to the injection of either positive or negative charges is rare in the field of organic π-conjugated molecules. However, once probed herein for perylene-based systems, it can be extrapolated to other π-conjugated bridges. As a result, this work opens the door to the rational design of true ambipolar bulk and molecular conductors.

4.
Chemistry ; 24(51): 13523-13534, 2018 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29873847

RESUMO

A new series of electron-deficient oligothiophenes, thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione oligothiophenes (OTPDn ), from the monomer to hexamer, is reported. The optical and structural properties in the neutral states have been analyzed by absorption and emission spectroscopy together with vibrational Raman spectroscopy. In their reduced forms, these molecules could stabilize both anions and dianions in similar ways. For the dianions, two independent modes of electron conjugation of the charge excess were observed: the interdione path and the interthiophene path. The interference of these two paths highlighted the existence of a singlet diradical ground electronic state and the appearance of low-energy, thermally accessible triplet states. These results provide valuable insights into the device performance of TPD-based materials and for the rational design of new high-performance organic semiconductors.

5.
Chemphyschem ; 19(12): 1465-1470, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29570949

RESUMO

A diradical dication of a 4,4'-di(bis(1,4-methylphenyl)amino)-p-terphenyl oligomer has been characterized in solid-state by Raman spectroscopy and thermo-spectroscopy together with quantum chemical calculations. The diradical character has been evaluated on the basis of the Raman spectra and as a function of temperature. A complete understanding of the nature of the changes in solid state has been provided based on a pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect, which is feasible owing to the fine balance between quinoidal/aromatic extension among consecutive rings and steric crowding. This study contributes to the further comprehension of the molecular and electronic structures of these particular diradical molecules with strong implications on the understanding of the nature of chemical bonds in the limits of high electronic correlation or π-conjugation.

6.
Chemistry ; 24(15): 3776-3783, 2018 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29239499

RESUMO

A detailed analysis is undertaken of positively charged species generated on a series of thienylenevinylene (nTV) wires terminally substituted with two perchlorotriphenylmethyl (. PTM) radical acceptor groups, . PTM-nTV-PTM. (n=2-7). Motivated by the counterintuitive key role played by holes in the nTV bridges on the operating mechanism of electron transfer in their radical anion mixed-valence derivatives, a wide combination of experimental and theoretical techniques is used, with the aim of gaining further insights into their structural location. Consequently, contributions of the . PTM units for the stabilization of the radical cations and hole localization, particularly in the case of the shortest molecular wire, are probed. In this sense, the formation of quinoidal ring segments, resulting from the coupling of the unpaired electron of the . PTM radical site with those generated along the nTV chains is found. Additionally, open-shell dications, described by the recovery of the central aromaticity and two terminal quinoidal segments, assisted by the . PTM units, are detected.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(51): 16212-16217, 2017 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044965

RESUMO

New anthanthrone-based polycyclic scaffolds possessing peripheral crowded quinodimethanes have been prepared. While the compounds adopt a closed-shell butterfly-shaped structure in the ground state, a curved-to-planar fluxional inversion is accessible with a low energy barrier through a biradicaloid transition state. Inversion is primarily driven by the release of strain associated with steric hindrance at the peri position of the anthanthrone core; a low-lying diradical state is accessible through planarization of the core, which is attained in solution at moderate temperatures. The most significant aspect of this transformation is that planarization is also achieved by application of mild pressure in the solid state, wherein the diradical remains kinetically trapped. Complementary information from quantum chemistry, 1 H NMR, and Raman spectroscopies, together with magnetic experiments, is consistent with the formation of a nanographene-like structure that possesses radical centers localized at the exo-anthanthrone carbons bearing phenyl substituents.

8.
Chemistry ; 23(32): 7698-7702, 2017 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28452090

RESUMO

Tri(4-iodo-2,3,5,6-tetrachlorophenyl)methane (2) is reported as a general building block for the synthesis of various π-conjugated polychlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radicals. Three push-pull-type triphenylamine-substituted PTM radicals with different substitution patterns were prepared and all exhibited intense inter-valence charge-transfer bands and large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross sections. Moreover, increase of solvent polarity also resulted in improved TPA response. The charge-transfer character of the relevant excited states provoked the efficient photo-generation of charges, anions in the PTM and cations in the amine arms, driven by the amphoteric redox character and the small coupling between donor and acceptor.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(8): 3095-3105, 2017 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28170229

RESUMO

New stilbenoid and thiophenic compounds terminally functionalized with donor-donor, acceptor-acceptor, or donor-acceptor moieties and possessing a central [2.2]paracyclophane unit have been prepared, and their properties interpreted in terms of through-bond and through space π-electron delocalization (i.e., π-conjugations). Based on photophysical data, their excited-state properties have been described with a focus on the participation of the central [2.2]paracyclophane in competition with through-bond conjugation in the side arms. To this end, two-photon and one-photon absorption and emission spectroscopy, as a function of temperature, solvent polarity, and pressure in the solid state have been recorded. Furthermore, charge delocalization through the [2.2]paracyclophane in the neutral state and in the oxidized species (radical cations, dications and radical trications) has been investigated, allowing the elucidation of the vibrational Raman fingerprint of through-space charge delocalization. Thus, a complementary approach to both "intermolecular" excitation and charge delocalizations in [2.2]paracyclophane molecules is shown which can serve as models of charge and exciton migration in organic semiconductors.

10.
Chem Sci ; 8(12): 8106-8114, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568459

RESUMO

A new series of π-conjugated oligomers based on the 4,4 dihexyl-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophene vinylene repeating unit has been prepared and characterized by X-ray, electrochemical, spectroscopic (UV-Vis absorption, emission and Raman) and density functional theory methods. The oligomers in their neutral, oxidized and reduced forms have been investigated. The neutral compounds show a longer mean conjugation length than oligothiophenes and oligothiophene-vinylenes and display very rich redox chemistry with the stabilization of polycationic states of which the radical cations and dications are strong NIR absorbers, the latter displaying singlet diradicaloid character. An interesting complementarity between the sequence of aromatic-quinoidal structural segments in the radical cations and dications has been described and interpreted. Two derivatives with the 4,4 dihexyl-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophene vinylene unit, disubstituted either with electron donor, bis(triaryl amino) groups, or acceptors bis(dicyano-methylene) caps enforcing a quinoidal structure in the dithiophene-vinylene bridge, have been also synthesized and characterized. The radical cation of the triarylamine compound and the radical anion of the tetracyano compound similarly display hole and electron charge localization, or confinement, in the nitrogen and dicyano surrounding parts, or class II mixed valence systems, while their dication and dianion species, conversely, are open-shell diradical (i.e., polaron pair) and closed-shell (i.e., bipolaron), respectively. The preparation of these new π-conjugated oligomers gives way to the realization of compounds with new electronic properties and unique structures potentially exploitable in organic electronics.

11.
Chemistry ; 23(19): 4579-4589, 2017 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28000319

RESUMO

We have synthesized two isomeric pairs of benzo- and naphthodithiophenediones with two flanking thiophenes and characterized them by single-crystal X-ray analysis, cyclic voltammetry, steady-state optical electronic absorption and emission spectroscopies, transient absorption spectroscopy, and vibrational spectroscopies with in situ spectroelectrochemistry techniques, and then compared them with the thieno[3,2-b]thiophene-2,5-dione counterpart that we previously reported. The results show that the central acenedithiophenedione cores have quinoidal conjugation with closed-shell character. The π-extension of the quinoidal core raises (lowers) the HOMO (LUMO) energy levels of the triads, resulting in the drastic reduction of their energy gaps from approximately 2.0 eV to 1.1 eV. Owing to the electron-withdrawing nature of the carbonyl terminal group at the quinoidal core, the triads have low-lying LUMO energy levels ranging from -3.9 eV to -4.3 eV, and can be regarded as strong electron-acceptor building units. Interestingly, the pairs of structural isomers have similar electronic structures in both the neutral and charged states despite the different shapes (linear and angular) and/or symmetry (C2h and C2v ) of the acenedithiophenedione cores.

12.
Chemistry ; 22(18): 6374-81, 2016 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26999589

RESUMO

The synthesis, characterization, and optical properties of a novel star-shaped oligothiophene with a central rigid trithienobenzene (BTT) core and diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) units are reported and compared with homologous linear systems based on the benzodithiophene (BDT) and the naphthodithiophene (NDT) units end capped with DPPs. This comparison is aimed at elucidating the effect of the star-shaped configuration versus linear conformation on the optical and electrical properties. Electronic and vibrational spectroscopies, together with transient absorption spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscopy, and DFT calculations are used to understand not only the molecular properties of these semiconductors, but also to analyze the supramolecular aggregation in these derivatives. We conclude that although the subject star-shaped derivative is not optimal in terms of π-conjugation, its extended BTT unit significantly favors intermolecular π-stacking interactions, which is interesting for their applications in devices. Field-effect transistors and solar cells were fabricated with these new molecular semiconductors and the performance difference discussed.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(39): 12565-79, 2015 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26348281

RESUMO

As effective building blocks for high-mobility transistor polymers, oligothiophenes are receiving attention for polymer solar cells (PSCs) because the resulting polymers can effectively suppress charge recombination. Here we investigate two series of in-chain donor-acceptor copolymers, PTPDnT and PBTInT, based on thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (TPD) or bithiopheneimide (BTI) as electron acceptor units, respectively, and oligothiophenes (nTs) as donor counits, for high-performance PSCs. Intramolecular S···O interaction leads to more planar TPD polymer backbones, however backbone torsion yields greater open-circuit voltages for BTI polymers. Thiophene addition progressively raises polymer HOMOs but marginally affects their band gaps. FT-Raman spectra indicate that PTPDnT and PBTInT conjugation lengths scale with nT catenation up to n = 3 and then saturate for longer oligomer. Furthermore, the effects of oligothiophene alkylation position are explored, revealing that the alkylation pattern greatly affects film morphology and PSC performance. The 3T with "outward" alkylation in PTPD3T and PBTI3T affords optimal π-conjugation, close stacking, long-range order, and high hole mobilities (0.1 cm(2)/(V s)). These characteristics contribute to the exceptional ∼80% fill factors for PTPD3T-based PSCs with PCE = 7.7%. The results demonstrate that 3T is the optimal donor unit among nTs (n = 1-4) for photovoltaic polymers. Grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and time-resolved microwave conductivity measurements reveal that the terthiophene-based PTPD3T blend maintains high crystallinity with appreciable local mobility and long charge carrier lifetime. These results provide fundamental materials structure-device performance correlations and suggest guidelines for designing oligothiophene-based polymers with optimal thiophene catenation and appropriate alkylation pattern to maximize PSC performance.

14.
Chemistry ; 21(4): 1713-25, 2015 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25410712

RESUMO

Oligomers of ethylendioxythiophene-vinylene have been prepared. Their optical, electrochemical and chemical properties have been studied in detail by absorption and emission spectroscopy as well as cyclic voltammetry, Raman techniques and spectroelectrochemistry complemented with quantum chemical calculations. A comparison with their non-ethylendioxy and non-vinylene parents has been done. The inclusion of the EDO plus the vinylene function generates more robust electronic ground states regarding the largely flexible thiophene-vinylene (n TV) oligomeric homologues. The redox features of the new compounds are also rich of oxidative processes arising as an interesting stabilising balance effect between the oxygen fragment in the EDO groups (mesomeric effect) and the linear π-conjugated structure. The oxidised species have been characterised, which show the ability for the formation of mixed valence charge-transfer complexes and π dimers of different oxidation states, in particular, in the electrochemical medium, resulting that the electrochemical response is accounted for a succession of aggregation and electron-transfer steps. With this work, a full understanding of the optical and electronic properties of these new oligomers in the context of the oligomer approach has been proposed.

15.
Faraday Discuss ; 173: 157-71, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25468137

RESUMO

A series of four 1 : 1 host-guest supramolecular complexes of [n]CPPs and C(70) have been analyzed by Raman spectroscopy in the solid state and complemented with the analysis of their spectroscopic responses under mechanical and thermal stresses. By following the frequency behaviour of the G and RBM modes we have found that [10]CPP in the [10]CPP@C(70) complex displays a more "ordered" structure. However, in [11]CPP@C(70), the nanoring becomes oval-shaped with closer contacts with the C(70) poles and less conformational restriction in the flattened region. By mechanical and thermal stresses we are able to modify the lying conformation of [10]CPP@C(70) towards a standing orientation. [11]CPP@C(70) resists pressure changes, although it tends to shift from the standing to the lying orientation by heating. As for the crystal cell, the [n]CPPs occupy the residual empty spaces while the main crystallographic positions are reserved for C(70). These are new examples of the impressive adaptability of the [n]CPP molecules to different physico-chemical environments, a chameleon-like property which reveals the delicate equilibrium provided by cyclic conjugation and ring strain.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 53(27): 7033-7, 2014 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24838669

RESUMO

[n]Cycloparaphenylenes behave as molecular templates of "perfectly chemically defined" single-wall carbon nanotubes. These [n]CPP molecules have electronic, mechanical, and chemical properties in size correspondence with their giant congeners. Under mechanical stress, they form charge-transfer salts, or complexes with fullerene, by one-electron concave-convex electron transfer.

17.
Chemistry ; 19(37): 12458-67, 2013 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23893857

RESUMO

A new family of naphthalimide-fused thienopyrazine derivatives for ambipolar charge transport in organic field-effect transistors is presented. Their electronic and molecular structures were elucidated through optical and vibrational spectroscopy aided by DFT calculations. The results indicate that these compounds have completely planar molecular skeletons which promote good film crystallinity and low reorganization energies for both electron and hole transport. Their performance in organic field-effect transistors is compared with twisted and planar naphthaleneamidine monoimide-fused terthiophenes in order to understand the origin of ambipolarity in this new series of molecular semiconductors.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA