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1.
Front Immunol ; 13: 992370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225925

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has particularly affected older adults residing in nursing homes, resulting in high rates of hospitalisation and death. Here, we evaluated the longitudinal humoral response and neutralising capacity in plasma samples of volunteers vaccinated with different platforms (Sputnik V, BBIBP-CorV, and AZD1222). A cohort of 851 participants, mean age 83 (60-103 years), from the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina were included. Sequential plasma samples were taken at different time points after vaccination. After completing the vaccination schedule, infection-naïve volunteers who received either Sputnik V or AZD1222 exhibited significantly higher specific anti-Spike IgG titers than those who received BBIBP-CorV. Strong correlation between anti-Spike IgG titers and neutralising activity levels was evidenced at all times studied (rho=0.7 a 0.9). Previous exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and age <80 years were both associated with higher specific antibody levels. No differences in neutralising capacity were observed for the infection-naïve participants in either gender or age group. Similar to anti-Spike IgG titers, neutralising capacity decreased 3 to 9-fold at 6 months after initial vaccination for all platforms. Neutralising capacity against Omicron was between 10-58 fold lower compared to ancestral B.1 for all vaccine platforms at 21 days post dose 2 and 180 days post dose 1. This work provides evidence about the humoral response and neutralising capacity elicited by vaccination of a vulnerable elderly population. This data could be useful for pandemic management in defining public health policies, highlighting the need to apply reinforcements after a complete vaccination schedule.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
2.
Cell Rep Med ; 3(8): 100706, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926505

RESUMO

Heterologous vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) provides a rational strategy to rapidly increase vaccination coverage in many regions of the world. Although data regarding messenger RNA (mRNA) and ChAdOx1 vaccine combinations are available, there is limited information about the combination of these platforms with other vaccines widely used in developing countries, such as BBIBP-CorV and Sputnik V. Here, we assess the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of 15 vaccine combinations in 1,314 participants. We evaluate immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-spike response and virus neutralizing titers and observe that a number of heterologous vaccine combinations are equivalent or superior to homologous schemes. For all cohorts in this study, the highest antibody response is induced by mRNA-1273 as the second dose. No serious adverse events are detected in any of the schedules analyzed. Our observations provide rational support for the use of different vaccine combinations to achieve wide vaccine coverage in the shortest possible time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Vacina de mRNA-1273 contra 2019-nCoV , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunização , RNA Mensageiro/genética , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
3.
EBioMedicine ; 83: 104230, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite that pediatric COVID-19 is usually asymptomatic or mild, SARS-CoV-2 infection typically results in the development of an antibody response. Contradictory observations have been reported when the antibody response of children and adults were compared in terms of strength, specificity and perdurability. METHODS: This observational study includes three cohorts infected with SARS-CoV-2 between March 2020-July 2021: unvaccinated infected children (n=115), unvaccinated infected adults (n=62), and vaccinated infected children (n=76). Plasma anti-spike IgG antibodies and neutralising activity against Wuhan, Delta and Omicron variants after 7-17 months post-infection were analysed. FINDINGS: More than 95% of unvaccinated infected children and adults remained seropositive when evaluated at 382-491 and 386-420 days after infection, respectively. Anti-spike IgG titers and plasma neutralising activity against Wuhan, Delta and Omicron variants were higher in children compared to adults. No differences were found when unvaccinated infected children were stratified by age, gender or presence/absence of symptoms in the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection, but a slight decrease in the antibody response was observed in those with comorbidities. Vaccination of previously infected children with two doses of the inactivated BBIBP-CorV or the mRNA vaccines, BNT162b2 and/or mRNA-1273, further increased anti-spike IgG titers and neutralising activity against Wuhan, Delta and Omicron variants. INTERPRETATION: Unvaccinated infected children mount a more potent and sustained antibody response compared with adults, which is significantly increased after vaccination. Further studies including not only the analysis of the immune response but also the effectiveness to prevent reinfections by the different Omicron lineages are required to optimise vaccination strategy in children. FUNDING: National Agency for Scientific and Technological Promotion from Argentina (PICTO-COVID-SECUELAS-00007 and PMO-BID-PICT2018-2548).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Formação de Anticorpos , Vacina BNT162 , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G
5.
J Infect Dis ; 226(10): 1717-1720, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723970

RESUMO

Infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant is usually asymptomatic or mild and appears to be poorly immunogenic at least in unvaccinated individuals. Here, we found that health care workers vaccinated with 2 doses of Sputnik V and a booster dose of ChAdOx1 mount a vigorous neutralizing-antibody response after Omicron breakthrough infection.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos , COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinação , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
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