Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 90
Filtrar
2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7507, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371911

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) screening strategies require biomarkers to predict disease manifestation to aid HF surveillance and management programmes. The aim of this study was to validate a previous proteomics discovery programme that identified Tetranectin as a potential HF biomarker candidate based on expression level changes in asymptomatic patients at future risk for HF development. The initial study consisted of 132 patients, comprising of HF (n = 40), no-HF controls (n = 60), and cardiac surgery patients (n = 32). Serum samples were quantified for circulating levels of Tetranectin and a panel of circulating fibro-inflammatory markers. Cardiac tissue served as a resource to investigate the relationship between cardiac Tetranectin levels and fibrosis and inflammation within the myocardium. An independent cohort of 224 patients with or without HF was used to validate serum Tetranectin levels. Results show that circulating Tetranectin levels are significantly reduced in HF patients (p < 0.0001), and are associated with HF more closely than B-type natriuretic peptide (AUC = 0.97 versus 0.84, p = 0.011). Serum Tetranectin negatively correlated with circulating fibrosis markers, whereas cardiac tissue Tetranectin correlated positively with fibrotic genes and protein within the myocardium. In conclusion, we report for the first time that Tetranectin is a promising HF biomarker candidate linked with fibrotic processes within the myocardium.

3.
Biomarkers ; 25(2): 201-211, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063068

RESUMO

Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous syndrome for which clear evidence of effective therapies is lacking. Understanding which factors determine this heterogeneity may be helped by better phenotyping. An unsupervised statistical approach applied to a large set of biomarkers may identify distinct HFpEF phenotypes.Methods: Relevant proteomic biomarkers were analyzed in 392 HFpEF patients included in Metabolic Road to Diastolic HF (MEDIA-DHF). We performed an unsupervised cluster analysis to define distinct phenotypes. Cluster characteristics were explored with logistic regression. The association between clusters and 1-year cardiovascular (CV) death and/or CV hospitalization was studied using Cox regression.Results: Based on 415 biomarkers, we identified 2 distinct clusters. Clinical variables associated with cluster 2 were diabetes, impaired renal function, loop diuretics and/or betablockers. In addition, 17 biomarkers were higher expressed in cluster 2 vs. 1. Patients in cluster 2 vs. those in 1 experienced higher rates of CV death/CV hospitalization (adj. HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.12-3.32, p = 0.017). Complex-network analyses linked these biomarkers to immune system activation, signal transduction cascades, cell interactions and metabolism.Conclusion: Unsupervised machine-learning algorithms applied to a wide range of biomarkers identified 2 HFpEF clusters with different CV phenotypes and outcomes. The identified pathways may provide a basis for future research.Clinical significanceMore insight is obtained in the mechanisms related to poor outcome in HFpEF patients since it was demonstrated that biomarkers associated with the high-risk cluster were related to the immune system, signal transduction cascades, cell interactions and metabolismBiomarkers (and pathways) identified in this study may help select high-risk HFpEF patients which could be helpful for the inclusion/exclusion of patients in future trials.Our findings may be the basis of investigating therapies specifically targeting these pathways and the potential use of corresponding markers potentially identifying patients with distinct mechanistic bioprofiles most likely to respond to the selected mechanistically targeted therapies.

4.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(1): 158-166, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903729

RESUMO

AIMS: In the PARADIGM-heart failure trial, sacubitril-valsartan demonstrated a reduction in heart failure admissions and reduced all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Although real world data have shown similar benefits regarding efficacy and safety, there has been difficulty in achieving the target dose (TD). The factors preventing the achievement of TD remains unclear. This study assesses the tolerability, ability to achieve, and factors linked to attaining TD in a routine clinical population. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective single-centre review of patients switched from angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers to sacubitril-valsartan between May 2016 and August 2018. Baseline and follow-up clinical characteristics and biomarker profiles were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to analyse predictors of achieving TD. Clinical response to sacubitril-valsartan was defined as a reduction in N terminal pro BNP of ≥30%, or an increase in left ventricular ejection fraction of ≥5% compared with baseline values. To date, a total of 322 patients (75% male patients) have been switched to sacubitril-valsartan. Those still in the titration phase were excluded (n = 25). Sacubitril-valsartan was not tolerated in 40 patients (12.4%). Those intolerant were older (73.4 years [68.3, 80.6] vs. 69.1 years [61.2, 76]; P = 0.003) and had worse renal function with estimated glomerular filtration rate (53.5 mL/min/1.72 m2 [36.8, 60.2] vs 60 mL/min/1.72 m2 [47, 77]; P ≤ 0.001). Of the remaining 257 patients, TD (97/103 mg BD) was achieved in 194 patients (75.5%), while 37 patients (11.4%) were maintained on 49/51 mg BD and 26 patients (8.1%) remained on 24/26 mg BD. Symptomatic hypotension (74.6%) was the main impediment to attaining TD, followed by renal deterioration (12.7%), and to a lesser extent hyperkalaemia and gastrointestinal symptoms (4.8% each). Diuretic dose decrease was achieved in 37.2% of patients, and this was the strongest independent predictor of achieving TD (odds ratio = 2.1; 95% confidence interval [1.16, 3.8]; P = 0.014). Responder status by N terminal pro BNP criterion was observed in 99 of 214 patients (46.3%) while 70 of 142 (49.3%) attained the left ventricular ejection fraction response status. Achieving this response was independently linked to achieving TD. CONCLUSIONS: Sacubitril-valsartan was well tolerated. Achievement of TD was possible in the majority of the cohort and was linked to response metrics. Reduction in diuretic was required in a large percentage of the population and was the strongest predictor of attaining TD. Therefore, careful clinical attention to volume status assessment is essential to maximising the benefits of sacubitril-valsartan.

6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(2): 251-263, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863682

RESUMO

AIMS: Kidney impairment has been associated with worse outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF), although recent studies challenge this association. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a novel biomarker of kidney tubular injury. Its prognostic role in AHF has not been evaluated in large cohorts. The present study aimed to determine if serum NGAL (sNGAL) or urine NGAL (uNGAL) is superior to creatinine for predicting short-term outcomes in AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted in an international, multicentre, prospective cohort consisting of 927 patients with AHF. Admission and peak values of sNGAL, uNGAL and uNGAL/urine creatinine (uCr) ratio were compared to admission and peak serum creatinine (sCr). The composite endpoints were death, initiation of renal replacement therapy, heart failure (HF) readmission and any emergent HF-related outpatient visit within 30 and 60 days, respectively. The mean age of the cohort was 69 years and 62% were male. The median length of stay was 6 days. The composite endpoint occurred in 106 patients and 154 patients within 30 and 60 days, respectively. Serum NGAL was more predictive than uNGAL and the uNGAL/uCr ratio but was not superior to sCr [area under the curve: admission sNGAL 0.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.55-0.67, and 0.59, 95% CI 0.54-0.65; peak sNGAL: 0.60, 95% CI 0.54-0.66, and 0.57, 95% CI 0.52-0.63; admission sCr: 0.60, 95% CI 0.54-0.64, and 0.59, 95% CI 0.53-0.64; peak sCr: 0.61, 95% CI 0.55-0.67, and 0.59, 95% CI 0.54-0.64, at 30 and 60 days, respectively]. NGAL was not predictive of the composite endpoint in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Serum NGAL outperformed uNGAL but neither was superior to admission or peak sCr for predicting adverse events.

7.
EPMA J ; 10(4): 445-464, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832118

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is one of the most complex chronic disorders with high prevalence, mainly due to the ageing population and better treatment of underlying diseases. Prevalence will continue to rise and is estimated to reach 3% of the population in Western countries by 2025. It is the most important cause of hospitalisation in subjects aged 65 years or more, resulting in high costs and major social impact. The current "one-size-fits-all" approach in the treatment of HF does not result in best outcome for all patients. These facts are an imminent threat to good quality management of patients with HF. An unorthodox approach from a new vision on care is required. We propose a novel predictive, preventive and personalised medicine approach where patients are truly leading their management, supported by an easily accessible online application that takes advantage of artificial intelligence. This strategy paper describes the needs in HF care, the needed paradigm shift and the elements that are required to achieve this shift. Through the inspiring collaboration of clinical and high-tech partners from North-West Europe combining state of the art HF care, artificial intelligence, serious gaming and patient coaching, a virtual doctor is being created. The results are expected to advance and personalise self-care, where standard care tasks are performed by the patients themselves, in principle without involvement of healthcare professionals, the latter being able to focus on complex conditions. This new vision on care will significantly reduce costs per patient while improving outcomes to enable long-term sustainability of top-level HF care.

9.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(12): 1553-1560, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769140

RESUMO

AIMS: In acute heart failure (AHF), relationships between changes in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and worsening renal function (WRF) and its prognostic implications have not been fully determined. We investigated the relationship between WRF and a decrease in BNP with in-hospital and 1-year mortality in AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Acute Kidney Injury NGAL Evaluation of Symptomatic heart faIlure Study (AKINESIS) was a prospective, international, multicentre study of AHF patients. Severe WRF (sWRF) was a sustained increase of ≥44.2 µmol/L (0.5 mg/dL) or ≥50% in creatinine, non-severe WRF (nsWRF) was a non-sustained increase of ≥26.5 µmol/L (0.3 mg/dL) or ≥50% in creatinine, and WRF with clinical deterioration was nsWRF with renal replacement therapy, inotrope use, or mechanical ventilation. Decreased BNP was defined as a ≥30% reduction in the last measured BNP compared to admission BNP. Among 814 patients, the incidence of WRF was not different between patients with or without decreased BNP (nsWRF: 33% vs. 31%, P = 0.549; sWRF: 11% vs. 9%, P = 0.551; WRF with clinical deterioration: 8% vs. 10%, P = 0.425). Decreased BNP was associated with better in-hospital and 1-year mortality regardless of WRF, while WRF was associated with worse outcomes only in patients without decreased BNP. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, decreased BNP, sWRF, and WRF with clinical deterioration were significantly associated with 1-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased BNP was associated with better in-hospital and long-term outcomes. WRF was only associated with adverse outcomes in patients without decreased BNP.

10.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 15(7): 957-963, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383232

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Systemic hypertension is highly prevalent in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but there are limited data on OSA prevalence in cohorts with hypertension comparing dippers and nondippers. We investigated this relationship in a clinic-based cohort of patients with hypertension who were not screened for any pretest possibility of OSA. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with hypertension aged (mean ± SD) 58 ± 10 years, body mass index 30.5 ± 6.1 kg/m2, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale score 6 ± 4 were included. All underwent overnight attended sleep studies and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The primary study end-point was OSA prevalence based on the standard criteria of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 events/h in patients with dipping and nondipping nocturnal blood pressure. RESULTS: Results showed 10.5% of dippers and 43.5% of nondippers had an AHI ≥ 15 (chi-square P = .001). In univariate analysis, AHI correlated significantly with blood pressure dip (r = -.26, P < .05), as did ESS (r = -.28, P < .05). In linear regression, AHI predicted the magnitude of blood pressure dip (standardised ß = -.288, P = .03), whereas age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure did not. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with nondipping nocturnal blood pressure are at high risk of OSA, regardless of symptom profile, which supports the recommendation that such patients should be assessed for co-existing OSA.

11.
N Engl J Med ; 381(8): 716-726, 2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serelaxin is a recombinant form of human relaxin-2, a vasodilator hormone that contributes to cardiovascular and renal adaptations during pregnancy. Previous studies have suggested that treatment with serelaxin may result in relief of symptoms and in better outcomes in patients with acute heart failure. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, event-driven trial, we enrolled patients who were hospitalized for acute heart failure and had dyspnea, vascular congestion on chest radiography, increased plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides, mild-to-moderate renal insufficiency, and a systolic blood pressure of at least 125 mm Hg, and we randomly assigned them within 16 hours after presentation to receive either a 48-hour intravenous infusion of serelaxin (30 µg per kilogram of body weight per day) or placebo, in addition to standard care. The two primary end points were death from cardiovascular causes at 180 days and worsening heart failure at 5 days. RESULTS: A total of 6545 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. At day 180, death from cardiovascular causes had occurred in 285 of the 3274 patients (8.7%) in the serelaxin group and in 290 of the 3271 patients (8.9%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83 to 1.15; P = 0.77). At day 5, worsening heart failure had occurred in 227 patients (6.9%) in the serelaxin group and in 252 (7.7%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.07; P = 0.19). There were no significant differences between the groups in the incidence of death from any cause at 180 days, the incidence of death from cardiovascular causes or rehospitalization for heart failure or renal failure at 180 days, or the length of the index hospital stay. The incidence of adverse events was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving patients who were hospitalized for acute heart failure, an infusion of serelaxin did not result in a lower incidence of death from cardiovascular causes at 180 days or worsening heart failure at 5 days than placebo. (Funded by Novartis Pharma; RELAX-AHF-2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01870778.).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Relaxina/uso terapêutico , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Relaxina/efeitos adversos , Relaxina/farmacologia , Falha de Tratamento , Vasodilatadores/efeitos adversos
12.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(6): 715-731, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222929

RESUMO

Natriuretic peptide [NP; B-type NP (BNP), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), and midregional proANP (MR-proANP)] concentrations are quantitative plasma biomarkers for the presence and severity of haemodynamic cardiac stress and heart failure (HF). End-diastolic wall stress, intracardiac filling pressures, and intracardiac volumes seem to be the dominant triggers. This paper details the most important indications for NPs and highlights 11 key principles underlying their clinical use shown below. NPs should always be used in conjunction with all other clinical information. NPs are reasonable surrogates for intracardiac volumes and filling pressures. NPs should be measured in all patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of HF such as dyspnoea and/or fatigue, as their use facilitates the early diagnosis and risk stratification of HF. NPs have very high diagnostic accuracy in discriminating HF from other causes of dyspnoea: the higher the NP, the higher the likelihood that dyspnoea is caused by HF. Optimal NP cut-off concentrations for the diagnosis of acute HF (very high filling pressures) in patients presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnoea are higher compared with those used in the diagnosis of chronic HF in patients with dyspnoea on exertion (mild increase in filling pressures at rest). Obese patients have lower NP concentrations, mandating the use of lower cut-off concentrations (about 50% lower). In stable HF patients, but also in patients with other cardiac disorders such as myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease, atrial fibrillation or pulmonary embolism, NP concentrations have high prognostic accuracy for death and HF hospitalization. Screening with NPs for the early detection of relevant cardiac disease including left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with cardiovascular risk factors may help to identify patients at increased risk, therefore allowing targeted preventive measures to prevent HF. BNP, NT-proBNP and MR-proANP have comparable diagnostic and prognostic accuracy. In patients with shock, NPs cannot be used to identify cause (e.g. cardiogenic vs. septic shock), but remain prognostic. NPs cannot identify the underlying cause of HF and, therefore, if elevated, must always be used in conjunction with cardiac imaging.

13.
J Card Fail ; 25(8): 654-665, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worsening renal function (WRF) during acute heart failure (AHF) occurs frequently and has been associated with adverse outcomes, though this association has been questioned. WRF is now evaluated by function and injury. We evaluated whether urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is superior to creatinine for prediction and prognosis of WRF in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a multicenter, international, prospective cohort of patients with AHF requiring IV diuretics. The primary outcome was whether uNGAL predicted development of WRF, defined as a sustained increase in creatinine of 0.5 mg/dL or ≥50% above first value or initiation of renal replacement therapy, within the first 5 days. The main secondary outcome was a composite of in-hospital adverse events. We enrolled 927 patients (mean 68.5 years of age, 62% men). The primary outcome occurred in 72 patients (7.8%). The first, peak and the ratio of uNGAL to urine creatinine (area under curves (AUC) ≤ 0.613) did not have diagnostic utility over the first creatinine (AUC 0.662). There were 235 adverse events in 144 patients. uNGAL did not predict (AUCs ≤ 0.647) adverse clinical events better than creatinine (AUC 0.695). CONCLUSIONS: uNGAL was not superior to creatinine for predicting WRF or adverse in-hospital outcomes and cannot be recommended for WRF in AHF.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(18): 16944-16950, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002221

RESUMO

Ultrasonic bubbles on the solid surface of various sonochemical devices largely affect signal resolution due to the serious reflection/scattering of sound waves. The Laplace pressure of the cavitation bubble can be tuned by constructing an ultrathin hydrophilic layer, which leads to the solvation or pinching off of the bubbles from the surface. In this article, we successfully coated a polydopamine polymer layer on the high-density polyethylene (HDPE) surface. The formed hydrophilic layer with a contact angle of less than 45° almost completely eliminates the bubbles in both water and 32.5 vol % diesel exhaust fluid solutions upon sonication, which results in the operation of the piezoelectric sensor over 500 h, while the sensor with pure HDPE only ran for less than 2 h. Further, the coated sensors showed high stability under the temperatures of 60-80 °C. An improved mechanical property was confirmed via abrasion test, enabling long-term stability in harsh environments, including acidic urine and ultrasonic agitation. The acoustic bubble suppression via the hydrophilic polymer coating on HDPE surface displays broad applications, particularly with acoustic sensors, sonobuoys, and nondestructive surface detection in sonochemistry.

15.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(3): 499-508, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854781

RESUMO

AIMS: This study sought to review the literature for clinical prediction models for the diagnosis of patients with chronic heart failure in the community and to validate the models in a novel cohort of patients with a suspected diagnosis of chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: MEDLINE and Embase were searched from 1946 to Q4 2017. Studies were eligible if they contained at least one multivariable model for the diagnosis of chronic heart failure applicable to the primary care setting. The CHARMS checklist was used to evaluate models. We also validated models, where possible, in a novel cohort of patients with a suspected diagnosis of heart failure referred to a rapid access diagnostic clinic. In total, 5310 articles were identified with nine articles subsequently meeting the eligibility criteria. Three models had undergone internal validation, and four had undergone external validation. No clinical impact studies have been completed to date. Area under the curve (AUC) varied from 0.74 to 0.93 and from 0.60 to 0.65 in the novel cohort for clinical models alone with AUC up to 0.89 in combination with electrocardiogram and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). The AUC for BNP was 0.86 (95% confidence interval 83.3-88.6%). CONCLUSIONS: This review demonstrates that there are a number of clinical prediction rules relevant to the diagnosis of chronic heart failure in the literature. Clinical impact studies are required to compare the use of clinical prediction rules and biomarker strategies in this setting.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Computador , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 17(4): 267-273, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916595

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is a highly prevalent condition affecting approximately 2% of people worldwide. Heart failure disease management programs (DMP) have shown a reduction in mortality and reduced hospitalization and are an established part of clinical guidelines; however, their presence is not widespread. Focusing on the application of proven therapies, patient education, diagnosis with work up of cause and easy access for clinical deterioration should be fundamental to the structure of the DMP. Multidisciplinary team care with early and timely recognition of potentially critical patients is essential, along with the inclusion of patients diagnosed in hospital as well as the community. Areas covered: The fundamental structure of a DMP along with the current gaps in evidence is outlined. Current challenges with the heart failure condition along with the current best evidence are covered. Articles were searched using MEDLINE containing the keywords; Chronic Heart Failure, Disease Management Program. We have also provided clinical opinion. Expert opinion: A multidisciplinary approach to disease management programs is essential to providing adequate care to patients. DMPs are an established part of current guidelines and should be a benchmark of treatment. Future resources should be focused on identifying patients at risk and early prevention.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
17.
Circ Heart Fail ; 12(3): e005765, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists of the extent of epigenetic alterations, such as DNA methylation, in heart failure (HF). We conducted targeted DNA methylation sequencing to identify DNA methylation alterations in coding and noncoding RNA (ncRNA) across different etiological subtypes of HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A targeted bisulfite sequence capture sequencing platform was applied to DNA extracted from cardiac interventricular septal tissue of 30 male HF patients encompassing causes including hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, ischemic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and 9 control patients with nonfailing hearts. We detected 62 678 differentially methylated regions in the studied HF cohort. By comparing each HF subgroup to the nonfailing control group, we identified 195 unique differentially methylated regions: 5 in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, 151 in dilated cardiomyopathy, and 55 in ischemic cardiomyopathy. These translated to 4 genes/1 ncRNA in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, 131 genes/17 ncRNA in dilated cardiomyopathy, and 51 genes/5 ncRNA in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Subsequent gene/ncRNA expression analysis was assessed using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and revealed 6 genes: 4 hypermethylated ( HEY2, MSR1, MYOM3, and COX17), 2 hypomethylated ( CTGF and MMP2); and 2 microRNA: 1 hypermethylated (miR-24-1), 1 hypomethylated (miR-155) with significantly upregulated or downregulated expression levels consistent with the direction of methylation in the particular HF subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time DNA methylation alterations and associated gene expression changes were identified in etiologically variant pathological HF tissue. The methylation-sensitive and disease-associated genes/ncRNA identified from this study represent a unique cohort of loci that demonstrate a plausible potential as a novel diagnostic and therapeutic target in HF and warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo
18.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 34(1): 11-19, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinicians face considerable challenges in identifying patients with advanced heart failure who experience significant symptom burden at the end of life. Often, these patients are cared for in the community by a loved one who has limited access to support from specialist services, including palliative care. AIM: The aims of this study were to explore caregivers' experience when caring for a loved one with advanced heart failure at the end of life and to identify any unmet psychosocial needs. METHODS: This article reports findings of a qualitative study, using semistructured, one-to-one interviews with current and bereaved caregivers, who participated in a larger mixed-methods study. Interviews were conducted by a trained researcher, digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and imported to NVivo 11 for data management and coding. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and an inductive approach. RESULTS: The 30 interviews included 20 current caregivers and 10 bereaved caregivers. The central feature of the caregivers' experience was identified as being "a physical and emotional rollercoaster." There were 3 main themes identified: poor communication, living with uncertainty, and lack of service provision. These themes were supported by 6 subthemes: inadequate understanding of palliative care, a 24/7 physical burden, emotional burden, inability to plan, no care continuity, and dying lonely and unsupported. CONCLUSIONS: Caregivers in advanced heart failure need clearer communication regarding diagnosis and prognosis of their loved one's condition to help with the uncertainty of their situation. Improved identification of palliative care needs and more coordinated service provision are urgently required to address their physical and emotional challenges from diagnosis through bereavement.

19.
Card Fail Rev ; 4(1): 21-24, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892471

RESUMO

Heart failure is a growing problem in sub-Saharan Africa. This arises as the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease rises, life expectancy increases and causes of heart failure more common in Africa, such as rheumatic heart disease and endomyocardial fibrosis, continue to be a significant issue. Lack of access to diagnostics is an issue with the expense and technical expertise required for echocardiography limiting access. Biomarker strategies may play a role here. Access to essential medicines is also limited and requires a renewed focus by the international community to ensure that appropriate medications are readily available, similar to that which has been implemented for HIV and malaria.

20.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(3): 474-480, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29314505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serial measurement of natriuretic peptides may guide management in heart failure (HF) patients. In previous trials, natriuretic peptides were infrequently monitored, which may undervalue the benefit of this approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: HOME was an adaptive three-arm randomized clinical study to test whether home monitoring of BNP could reduce HF-related death, hospitalization due to acute decompensated HF (ADHF), and ADHF treated with intravenous diuretics in the emergency department or outpatient setting. Enrolment was terminated early because of slow enrolment, low event rates, and the belief that an algorithm for assessing BNP trends was needed. Justification for pooling data from all study arms was made and analysis as a single observational study was performed. The analysis resulted in 107 patients who were monitored for a median of 172 days with BNP measures on a median of 74% of days. BNP values were highly variable within a patient. Dispersion between serial BNPs was calculated to be 39.3%, 57.7%, and 73.6% for 1, 60, and 120 days between measures, respectively. A moving average filter (fBNP) was calculated to reduce day-to-day fluctuations and track changes from week to week. There were 27 primary events in 17 362 patient days of monitoring; the hazard ratio for time-varying fBNP was 2.22 (95% confidence interval 1.48-3.34) per unit natural log (corresponding to a 2.72-fold change in fBNP level). CONCLUSION: The HOME HF study demonstrates the feasibility of home BNP measurement and shows the potential value of fBNP as an index of emerging clinical deterioration. Assessment of the clinical value of this is required.


Assuntos
Diuréticos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Deterioração Clínica , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA