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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806743

RESUMO

Twelve years have now passed since the influential WHO Report on the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) in 2008. A group of senior international public health scholars and decision-makers met in Italy in mid-2019 to review the legacy of the SDoH conceptual framework and its adequacy for the many challenges facing our field as we enter the 2020s. Four major categories of challenges were identified: emerging "exogenous" challenges to global health equity, challenges related to weak policy and practice implementation, more fundamental challenges related to SDoH theory and research, and broader issues around modern research in general. Each of these categories is discussed, and potential solutions offered. We conclude that although the SDoH framework is still a worthy core platform for public health research, policy, and practice, the time is ripe for significant evolution.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Política de Saúde , Itália , Saúde Pública
3.
Health Promot Int ; 33(4): 610-621, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28334790

RESUMO

Health promotion (HP) is a relatively recent field that stems from, notably, public health, sociology, political science, psychology and education. This multidisciplinarity has contributed to HP's challenged institutionalization. Scholars have so far predominately explored HP's multidisciplinarity using anecdotal approaches, limiting our understanding of the breadth and interplay of the disciplines constituting HP research. The overall aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of HP's multidisciplinarity using a bibliometric approach. We developed a three-pronged approach: (i) we examined the most cited journals within Health Promotion International; (ii) we asked an international panel of HP scholars (n = 27) to vote on the journals most relevant to their work; (iii) we examined the most common words in article abstracts among journals which received the highest number of votes. We used multiple correspondence analyses to examine similarities between HPI references, scholars' votes and abstracts' words. We found evidence that HP research reached across numerous disciplines but segregated into distinct subgroups with conflicting perspectives. We found that HPI was the only journal that was identified as relevant by a majority (81% of participants). Multidisciplinarity is a key feature of HP. It can strengthen HP by enriching our understanding of health and social issues from a variety of perspectives, but it may also divide experts into disciplinary silos. This may ultimately weaken its institutional pathways and its contribution to public health. More academic venues and institutions should be developed to facilitate collaboration among HP scholars and practitioners.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Humanos , Editoração
4.
Am J Public Health ; 107(6): 825-826, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28498746
8.
AIMS Public Health ; 1(4): 182-198, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29546085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a seeming lack within the public health fields of both research and practice of information sharing across so-called "silos of work". Many professionals in the public health fields dealing with infectious diseases (IDs) are unaware of the programs and approaches taken by their colleagues in the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) arena, and vice versa. A particular instance of this is in the understanding and application of health promotion approaches. This is a problem that needs to be addressed with the goal of producing the most efficient and effective health promotion approaches to the prevention and control of diseases in general. OBJECTIVES: This project examined health promotion approaches to the prevention of NCDs that could be used in the prevention of IDs. METHODS: A knowledge synthesis and translation perspective was undertaken. We screened and analyzed a wide range of sources that were considered relevant, with particular emphasis on systematic reviews, published articles and the grey literature. RESULTS: The analysis revealed a diverse health promotion knowledge base for application to IDs. Comprehensive health promotion models were found to be useful. Findings suggest that there are profound similarities for health promotion approaches in both NCDs and IDs. Conclusions: This study revealed gaps in knowledge synthesis to translation. The need for development of intervention and implementation research is considered.

10.
Glob Health Promot ; 20(4 Suppl): 90-2, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24722746

RESUMO

Though not necessarily using the same terminology historically, people concerned with the public's health have long been addressing the social context of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and the actions of promoting health. This commentary places the current interest in NCDs within that history and discusses the challenges that continue to face institutions in dealing with NCDs. It makes a particular plea for the role of health promotion as the area of public health that takes actions to address the global burden of NCDs. Without a health promotion focus, we will just continue to describe the NCD burden rather than reduce it.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Saúde Global/normas , Política de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Saúde Pública/normas , Saúde Global/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Saúde Pública/métodos , Saúde Pública/tendências
11.
Perspect Public Health ; 132(3): 115-9, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22700575

RESUMO

This paper describes the past ten years of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education's (IUHPE) flagship programme on health promotion effectiveness. It examines the context in which the programme developed and the organization of the programme to carry out its goals. The paper takes a critical look at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and difficulties of conducting such a broad programme within a global membership-based non-governmental organization (NGO). It also discusses how the field of evidence gathering has developed in relationship to the project and what changes have emerged since the early years. Lack of resources, both in terms of contributors and financial support, is identified as the key problem in sustaining an NGO effort to examine effectiveness.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Organizações/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Causalidade , Humanos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Cooperação Internacional , Reino Unido
12.
Health Promot Int ; 26 Suppl 2: ii194-201, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22080074

RESUMO

The challenge of understanding what has happened in the 25 years since the Ottawa Charter would be difficult enough if there had been no Charter. However, our task is to interpret to what extent the Charter has influenced the world of health promotion as it is today. The task here is to consider what has happened regarding one action component of the Charter, notably developing personal skills. In taking only one of the five components, we are deconstructing the holistic approach that was implied in the Ottawa Charter and it is somewhat strange to isolate this action area from the others, and perhaps outside the 'spirit' of the Charter. Nonetheless, the approach will be to interpret this area broadly while still being restrictive and not venturing into discussions of the other action areas except where the connection is so strong that to isolate personal skills from the other area would be unproductive. The Ottawa Charter brought to the table, for health promotion and education, a growing recognition that health was a broad concept in its own right. It made explicit that ties to disease approaches were highly related to health education and promotion, but that health promotion had to go well beyond a narrow interpretation of the field. It recognized that active participation by people, to directly affect their health and the broader determinants of it, was paramount.


Assuntos
Política de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Pública , Saúde Global , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Mudança Social , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Glob Health Promot ; 18(1): 79-89, 122-33, 157-68, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Francês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21721308

RESUMO

There is much debate around the use of evidence in health promotion practice. This article aims to sharpen our understanding of this matter by reviewing and analyzing the 26 case studies presented in this special issue. These case studies suggest that health promotion practitioners are using a wide range of research evidence in interventions for high-risk individuals, entire populations, and vulnerable groups according to all five strategies for action described in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. In nearly every case, practitioners had to mediate and adapt research evidence for their case. Eight key levers helped practitioners embed research evidence into practice: local and cultural relevance of the evidence, community capacity-building, sustained dialogue from the outset with all stakeholders, established academic-supported partnerships, communication that responds to organizational and political readiness, acknowledgement and awareness of gaps between evidence and practice, advocacy, and adequate earmarked resources. These case studies provide some evidence that there is an evidence-based health promotion, that this evidence base is broad, and that practitioners use different strategies to adapt it for their case.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Humanos
16.
Glob Health Promot ; 16(4): 58-60, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20028670

RESUMO

Following a series of international meetings on behavioral monitoring and surveillance, in 2007 the Italian Ministry of Health (Ministerio della Salute) and the Institute for Health (Istituto Superiore della Sanità) hosted the 5(th) International Conference on Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance (BRFS) in Rome. A key focus of the conference was on how current surveillance systems could be applied to the field of health promotion, particularly in building the evidence base for health promotion practice. As a result of these discussions, the World Alliance for Risk Factor Surveillance (WARFS), an IUHPE Global Working Group, was formed to work toward providing knowledge and expertise in surveillance as a tool for advancing health promotion. For those IUHPE members interested in participation, this article provides an overview on the strategic direction of WARFS and the newly formed sub-working groups.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Vigilância da População , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Itália , Fatores de Risco
18.
Health Educ Behav ; 36(3): 476-82, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19447943

RESUMO

This paper reports the outcome of the Galway Consensus Conference, an effort undertaken as a first step toward international collaboration on credentialing in health promotion and health education. Twenty-nine leading authorities in health promotion, health education, and public health convened a 2-day meeting in Galway, Ireland, during which the available evidence on credentialing in health promotion was reviewed and discussed. Conference participants reached agreement on core values and principles, a common definition, and eight domains of core competency required to engage in effective health promotion practice. The domains of competency are catalyzing change, leadership, assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation, advocacy, and partnerships. The long-term aim of this work is to stimulate a global dialogue that will lead to the development and widespread adoption of standards and quality assurance systems in all countries to strengthen capacity in health promotion, a critical element in achieving goals for the improvement of global population health.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto , Consenso , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Cooperação Internacional , Competência Profissional/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Humanos
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