Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 402
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0220399, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577804

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In critically ill patients undergoing prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV), the difference in long-term outcomes between patients with or without tracheostomy remains unexplored. METHODS: Ancillary study of a prospective international multicentre observational cohort in 21 centres in France and Belgium, including 2087 patients, with a one-year follow-up after admission. We included patients with a MV duration ≥10 days, with or without tracheostomy. We explored the one-year mortality with a classical Cox regression model (adjustment on age, SAPS II, baseline diagnosis and withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies) and a Cox regression model using tracheostomy as a time-dependant variable. RESULTS: 29.5% patients underwent prolonged MV, out of which 25.6% received tracheostomy and 74.4% did not. At one-year, 45.2% patients had died in the tracheostomy group and 51.5% patients had died in the group without tracheostomy (p = 0.001). In the Cox-adjusted regression model, tracheostomy was not associated with improved one-year outcome (HR CI95 0.7 [0.5-1.001], p = 0.051), as well as in the model using tracheostomy as a time-dependent variable (OR CI 95 1 [0.7-1.4], p = 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, there was no statistically significant difference in the one-year mortality of patients undergoing prolonged MV when receiving tracheostomy or not. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01367093.

2.
Crit Care Med ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The association between outcome and kidney injury detected at discharge from the ICU using different biomarkers remains unknown. The objective was to evaluate the association between 1-year survival and kidney injury at ICU discharge. DESIGN: Ancillary investigation of a prospective observational study. SETTING: Twenty-one ICUs with 1-year follow-up. PATIENTS: Critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation and/or hemodynamic support for at least 24 hours were included. INTERVENTIONS: Serum creatinine, plasma Cystatin C, plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, plasma Proenkephalin A 119-159, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (on serum creatinine and plasma Cystatin C) were measured at ICU discharge among ICU survivors. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The association between kidney biomarkers at discharge and mortality was estimated using logistic model with and without adjustment for prognostic factors previously identified in this cohort. Subgroup analyses were performed in patients with discharge serum creatinine less than 1.5-fold baseline at ICU discharge. Among 1,207 ICU survivors included, 231 died during the year following ICU discharge (19.2%). Estimated glomerular filtration rate was significantly lower and kidney injury biomarkers higher at discharge in nonsurvivors. The association between biomarker levels or estimated glomerular filtration rate and mortality remained after adjustment to potential cofounding factors influencing outcome. In patients with low serum creatinine at ICU discharge, 25-47% of patients were classified as subclinical kidney injury depending on the biomarker. The association between kidney biomarkers and mortality remained and mortality was higher than patients without subclinical kidney injury. The majority of patients who developed acute kidney injury during ICU stay had elevated biomarkers of kidney injury at discharge even with apparent recovery based on serum creatinine (i.e., subclinical acute kidney disease). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated kidney biomarkers measured at ICU discharge are associated with poor 1-year outcome, including in patients with low serum creatinine at ICU discharge.

3.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472039

RESUMO

AIMS: Dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (DPP3) is a protease involved in the degradation of cardiovascular mediators. Its administration has been shown to be associated with impaired cardiac contraction and kidney haemodynamics while its inhibition restored cardiac contraction in a pre-clinical model of severe heart failure in mice. Circulating DPP3 (cDPP3) was found to be elevated in shock. The present study aims to assess the association between cDPP3 and worsening haemodynamics, namely refractory shock, in a cohort of cardiogenic shock (CS). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is an ancillary study of OptimaCC, a prospective, double-blind, multicentre, randomized study assessing efficacy and safety of catecholamines in 57 patients with CS after acute myocardial infarction. cDPP3 was measured in plasma at inclusion, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, and haemodynamic and biological parameters were recorded at inclusion. cDPP3 values were higher in refractory CS than non-refractory CS at inclusion (median [interquartile range]; 76.1 [37.9-238.7] ng/mL vs. 32.8 [23.9-47.6] ng/mL, P = 0.014), at 24 h (P < 0.001) and up to 48 h (P = 0.027). Furthermore, cDPP3 at inclusion discriminated CS patients who did develop refractory shock vs. non-refractory with an area under the curve of 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-0.92). The high cDPP3 group (cDPP3 ≥59.1 ng/mL) at inclusion had a higher Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II), lower cardiac index and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. More importantly, in CS patients with high cDPP3 at inclusion, those who rapidly decreased cDPP3 at 24 h exhibited a striking reduction in the occurrence of refractory shock and death. CONCLUSION: In CS patients, cDPP3 gives an early prediction of outcome, including development of refractory status and/or survival. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT01367743.

4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472040

RESUMO

AIMS: Acute heart failure is a high mortality disease and its pathophysiology is not completely understood. Dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (DPP3) is a cytosolic enzyme involved in angiotensin II and enkephalins cleavage. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of circulating DPP3 (cDPP3) levels and mortality in cardiogenic shock patients and to determine the effects of high cDPP3 on organ function in a heart failure (HF) model in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: cDPP3 was measured in 174 patients in cardiogenic shock and high cDPP3 levels were associated with an increased short-term mortality risk (standardized hazard ratio: 1.4 (1.1-1.8)) and severe organ dysfunction. Additionally, a rapid decrease in cDPP3 in cardiogenic shock patients within 24 h of admission was associated with a favourable outcome. This study showed that injection of DPP3 induced myocardial depression (-10 ± 2% of shortening fraction) and impaired kidney haemodynamics (+0.30 ± 0.02 of renal resistive index) in healthy mice. cDPP3 inhibition by Procizumab, a specific antibody directed against cDPP3, promptly normalized cardiac function and kidney haemodynamics in an acute heart failure mouse model, with a marked reduction in oxidative stress and inflammatory signalling. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated cDPP3 is a newly discovered myocardial depressant factor, the levels of which at admission are associated with mortality in severe HF patients. Furthermore, inhibition of cDPP3 by Procizumab improved haemodynamics in a mouse model of HF. Our results suggest that DPP3 could be a new biomarker and biotarget for severe HF.

5.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 834-845, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether systemic corticosteroids (new onset) administered to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) have any association with outcomes, with differentiated analyses for patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a comorbidity. BACKGROUND: Patients with undiagnosed dyspnea frequently receive corticosteroids in emergency departments while determining a final diagnosis, but their effect on the outcomes of patients with AHF without overt COPD exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: We selected patients with AHF from the EAHFE (Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in the Emergency Departments) registry, recording key data (new-onset corticosteroid therapy, COPD condition). Patients with and without COPD were analyzed separately. We calculated unadjusted and adjusted ratios for corticosteroid-treated compared with corticosteroid-untreated patients for 2 coprimary endpoints: 90-day all-cause mortality (from index episode) and 90-day post-discharge combined endpoint (all-cause mortality or readmission for AHF), with intermediate time-point estimations. Other secondary endpoints were calculated, and some sensitive and stratified analyses were performed. RESULTS: We analyzed 11,356 patients: 8,635 without COPD (841 corticosteroid-treated, 9.7%) and 2,721 with COPD (753 corticosteroid-treated, 27.7%). There were several differences between treated and untreated patients, essentially because corticosteroid-treated patients were sicker. Although unadjusted outcomes were worse in corticosteroid-treated patients, especially in patients without COPD, these differences disappeared after adjustment: hazard ratios for 90-day mortality (without/with COPD) were 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76 to 1.10)/0.99 (95% CI: 0.78 to 1.26), and 1.09 (95% CI: 0.93 to 1.28)/1.02 (95% CI: 0.86 to 1.21) for the post-discharge combined endpoint. Analyses of intermediate time-point coprimary endpoints and secondary outcomes rendered similar estimations. Sensitivity and stratified analysis did not significantly modify these results. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence of harm related to the new onset of systemic corticosteroid therapy during an episode of AHF, either in patients with or without concomitant COPD.

6.
Crit Care ; 23(1): 312, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Though echocardiographic evaluation assesses the right ventricular systolic function, which of the existing parameters best reflects the right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) in the critically ill patients is still uncertain. We aimed to determine the relationship between echocardiographic indices of right ventricular systolic function and RVEF. METHODS: Prospective observational study was conducted in a mixed Surgical Intensive Care Unit (Hôpital Lariboisière, Paris, France) from November 2017 to November 2018. All critically ill patients monitored with a pulmonary artery catheter were assessed. We collected echocardiographic indices of right ventricular function (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, TAPSE; peak systolic velocity of pulsed tissue Doppler at lateral tricuspid annulus, S'; fractional area change, FAC; right ventricular index of myocardial performance, RIMP; isovolumic acceleration, IVA; end-diastolic diameter ratio, EDDr) and compared them with the RVEF obtained from continuous volumetric pulmonary artery catheter. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were analyzed. Admission diagnosis was acute heart failure in 11 patients and septic shock in 14 patients. Median age was 70 years [57-80], norepinephrine median dose was 0.29 µg/kg/min [0.14-0.50], median Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score was 12 [10-14], and mortality at day 28 was 56%. When compared to RVEF, TAPSE had the highest correlation coefficient (rho = 0.78, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.89, p < 0.001). S' was also correlated to RVEF (rho = 0.64, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.80, p = 0.001) whereas FAC, RIMP, IVA, and EDDr did not. TAPSE lower than 16 mm, S' lower than 11 cm/s, and EDDr higher than 1 were always associated with a reduced RVEF. CONCLUSIONS: We found that amongst indices of right ventricular systolic function, TAPSE and S' were well correlated with thermodilution-derived RVEF in critically ill patients.

8.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423712

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients admitted for acute heart failure (HF) are at high risk of readmission and death, especially in the 90 days following discharge. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of early optimization of oral HF therapy with beta-blockers (BB), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) or angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNi), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) on 90-day clinical outcomes in patients admitted for acute HF. METHODS: In a multicentre, randomized, open-label, parallel-group study, a total of 900 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either 'usual care' or 'high-intensity care'. Patients enrolled in the usual care arm will be discharged and managed according to usual clinical practice at the site. In the high-intensity care arm, doses of oral HF medications - including a BB, ACEi or ARB, and MRA - will be up-titrated to 50% of recommended doses before discharge and to 100% of recommended doses within 2 weeks of discharge. Up-titration will be delayed if the patients develop worsening symptoms and signs of congestion, hyperkalaemia, hypotension, bradycardia, worsening of renal function or significant increase in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide between visits. The primary endpoint is 90-day all-cause mortality or HF readmission. CONCLUSIONS: STRONG-HF is the first study to assess whether rapid up-titration of evidence-based guideline-recommended therapies with close follow-up in a large cohort of patients discharged from an acute HF admission is safe and can affect adverse outcomes during the first 90 days after discharge. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03412201.

10.
Eur J Intern Med ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between length of hospitalisation (LOH) and post-discharge outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF) patients and to ascertain whether there are different patterns according to department of initial hospitalisation. METHODS: Consecutive AHF patients hospitalised in 41 Spanish centres were grouped based on the LOH (<6/6-10/11-15/>15 days). Outcomes were defined as 90-day post-discharge all-cause mortality, AHF readmissions, and the combination of both. Hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted by chronic conditions and severity of decompensation, were calculated for groups with LOH >6 days vs. LOH <6 days (reference), and stratified by hospitalisation in cardiology, internal medicine, geriatrics, or short-stay units. RESULTS: We included 8563 patients (mean age: 80 (SD = 10) years, 55.5% women), with a median LOH of 7 days (IQR 4-11): 2934 (34.3%) had a LOH <6 days, 3184 (37.2%) 6-10 days, 1287 (15.0%) 11-15 days, and 1158 (13.5%) >15 days. The 90-day post-discharge mortality was 11.4%, readmission 32.2%, and combined endpoint 37.4%. Mortality was increased by 36.5% (95%CI = 13.0-64.9) when LOH was 11-15 days, and by 72.0% (95%CI = 42.6-107.5) when >15 days. Conversely, no differences were found in readmission risk, and the combined endpoint only increased 21.6% (95%CI = 8.4-36.4) for LOH >15 days. Stratified analysis by hospitalisation departments rendered similar post-discharge outcomes, with all exhibiting increased mortality for LOH >15 days and no significant increments in readmission risk. CONCLUSIONS: Short hospitalisations are not associated with worse outcomes. While post-discharge readmissions are not affected by LOH, mortality risk increases as the LOH lengthens. These findings were similar across hospitalisation departments.

11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the natural history of patients after a first episode of acute heart failure (FEAHF) requiring emergency department (ED) consultation, focusing on: the frequency of ED visits and hospitalisations, departments admitting patients during the first and subsequent hospitalisations, and factors associated with difficult disease control. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included consecutive patients diagnosed with FEAHF (either with or without previous heart failure diagnosis) in four EDs during 5 months in three different time periods (2009, 2011, 2014). Diagnosis was adjudicated by local principal investigators. The clinical characteristics of the index event were prospectively recorded, and all post-discharge ED visits and hospitalisations [related/unrelated to acute heart failure (AHF)], as well as departments involved in subsequent hospitalisations were retrospectively ascertained. 'Uncontrolled disease' during the first year after FEAHF was considered if patients were attended at ED (≥ 3 times) or hospitalised (≥ 2 times) for AHF or died. Overall, 505 patients with FEAHF were included and followed for a mean of 2.4 years. In-hospital mortality was 7.5%. Among 467 patients discharged alive, 288 died [median survival 3.9 years, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5-4.4], 421 (90%) revisited the ED (2342 ED visits; 42.4% requiring hospitalisation, 34.0% AHF-related) and 357 (77%) were hospitalised (1054 hospitalisations; 94.1% through ED, 51.4% AHF-related). AHF-related hospitalisations were mainly in internal medicine (28.0%), short-stay unit (26.3%), cardiology (20.8%), and geriatrics (14.1%). Only 47.4% of AHF-related hospitalisations were in the same department as the FEAHF, and internal medicine involvement significantly increased with subsequent hospitalisations (P = 0.01). Uncontrolled disease was observed in 31% of patients, which was independently related to age > 80 years [odds ratio (OR) 1.80, 95% CI 1.17-2.77], systolic blood pressure < 110 mmHg at ED arrival (OR 2.61, 95% CI 1.26-5.38) and anaemia (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.51-3.78). CONCLUSION: In the present aged cohort of AHF patients from Barcelona, Spain, the natural history after FEAHF showed different patterns of hospital department involvement. Advanced age, low systolic blood pressure and anaemia were factors related to uncontrolled disease during the year after debut.

13.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 8(7): 667-680, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and prognostic value of the most common triggering factors in acute heart failure. METHODS: Patients with acute heart failure from 41 Spanish emergency departments were recruited consecutively in three time periods between 2011 and 2016. Precipitating factors were classified as: (a) unrecognized; (b) infection; (c) atrial fibrillation; (d) anaemia; (e) hypertension; (f) acute coronary syndrome; (g) non-adherence; and (h) two or more precipitant factors. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess the association between 30-day mortality and each precipitant factor. The risk of dying was further evaluated by week intervals over the 30-day follow-up to assess the period of higher vulnerability for each precipitant factor. RESULTS: Approximately 69% of our 9999 patients presented with a triggering factor and 1002 died within the first 30 days (10.0%). The most prevalent factors were infection and atrial fibrillation. After adjusting for 11 known predictors, acute coronary syndrome was associated with higher 30-day mortality (odds ratio (OR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-3.42), whereas atrial fibrillation (OR 0.75; 95% CI 0.56-0.94) and hypertension (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.21-0.55) were significantly associated with better outcomes when compared to patients without precipitant. Patients with infection, anaemia and non-compliance were not at higher risk of dying within 30 days. These findings were consistent across gender and age groups. The 30-day mortality time pattern varied between and within precipitant factors. CONCLUSIONS: Precipitant factors in acute heart failure patients are prevalent and have a prognostic value regardless of the patient's gender and age. They can be managed with specific treatments and can sometimes be prevented.

14.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Some patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) experience declining of left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during follow-up. We aim to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of patients with HF with declining ejection fraction (HFdEF). METHODS: We analyzed a prospective, nationwide multicenter cohort with consecutive patients with acute HF enrolled from March 2011 to December 2014. HFpEF was defined as LVEF ≥ 50% at index admission. After 1 year, HFpEF patients were further classified as HFdEF (LVEF ≥ 50% at admission and < 50% at 1 year), and persistent HFpEF (LVEF ≥ 50% both at admission and 1 year). Primary outcome was 4-year all-cause mortality according to HF type from HFdEF diagnosis. RESULTS: Of patients with HFpEF, 426 (90.4%) were diagnosed as having persistent HFpEF and 45 (9.6%) as having HFdEF. Natriuretic peptide level was an independent predictor of HFdEF (natriuretic peptide level > median: odds ratio: 3.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-7.25, P = 0.005). During 4-year follow-up, patients with HFdEF had higher mortality than those with persistent HFpEF (Log-rank P < 0.001). After adjustment, HFdEF was associated with an almost twofold increased risk for mortality (hazard ratio 1.82, 95% CI 1.13-2.96, P = 0.015). The use of beta-blockers, renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists was not associated with improved prognosis of patients with HFdEF. CONCLUSIONS: HFdEF is a distinct HF type with grave outcomes. Further investigations that focus on HFdEF are warranted to better understand and develop treatment strategies for these high-risk patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01389843. URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01389843 .

15.
J Card Fail ; 2019 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the levels, kinetics, and prognostic value of growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) in cardiogenic shock (CS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Levels of GDF-15 were determined in serial plasma samples (0-120 h) from 177 CS patients in the CardShock study. Kinetics of GDF-15, its association with 90-day mortality, and incremental value for risk stratification were assessed. The median GDF-150h level was 9647 ng/L (IQR 4500-19,270 ng/L) and levels above median were significantly associated with acidosis, hyperlactatemia, renal dysfunction, and higher 90-day mortality (56% vs 28%, P < .001). Serial sampling showed that non-survivors had significantly higher GDF-15 levels at all time points (P < .001 for all). Furthermore, non-survivors displayed increasing and survivors declining GDF-15 levels during the first days in CS. Higher levels of GDF-15 were independently associated with mortality. A GDF-1512h cutoff >7000 ng/L was identified as a strong predictor of death (OR 5.0; 95% CI 1.9-3.8, P = .002). Adding GDF-1512h >7000 ng/L to the CardShock risk score improved discrimination and risk stratification for 90-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: GDF-15 levels are highly elevated in CS and associated with markers of systemic hypoperfusion and end-organ dysfunction. GDF-15 helps to discriminate survivors from non-survivors very early in CS.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339629

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to describe the trajectories of oral medication prescriptions in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) over 3 years after discharge from hospitalization for heart failure. We then evaluated the adherence of these prescriptions to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guideline-recommended medications and identified patient characteristics associated with nonadherence. METHODS: We used data from the EPICAL2 cohort study. HFrEF patients who had completed prescriptions at discharge and at 6-month follow-up were included and followed for 36 months. The following medication agents were considered adherent to guidelines: renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers [angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB)] plus a ß-blocker (BB) or RAS blocker plus BB plus mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs). The evolution of drug prescriptions and the adherence to ESC guidelines were assessed by using sequence analysis and clustering approaches. Patient characteristics associated with nonadherence were identified by logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: A typology of four therapeutic clusters was obtained, among which two clusters were adherent to recommendations and two were not. The adherent clusters consisted of bitherapy (RAS blockers-BB) and tritherapy (RAS blockers-BB-MRA) for about 64% of patients and remain stable over time. The nonadherent clusters consisted of nonprescription of BB for about 22% of patients or nonprescription of RAS blocker for about 14%. The main reason for nonprescription of BB was a concomitant obstructive airway disease (asthma or COPD) but was a concomitant chronic kidney disease for nonprescription of RAS blocker. CONCLUSION: Adherence to guideline-recommended medications while being hospitalized is of great importance because prescriptions are quite stable over time after discharge. HFrEF patients are most often older, with various comorbidities, such as chronic kidney disease or asthma/COPD, which importantly limit physicians' ability to prescribe recommended drugs, leading to suboptimal adherence to guidelines.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214722

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The long-term outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) patients are known to be worse than those of the general population, but they are poorly known in severe trauma patients. We conducted an ancillary examination of the FROG-ICU study to identify risk factors and biomarkers associated with the poorer long-term outcomes and mortality in trauma ICU patients. METHODS: Mortality, quality of life (QoL) and stress level scores were obtained 1 year after discharge from ICU. Blood samples were collected at ICU admission and discharge for measurement of inflammatory and cardiovascular biomarkers. RESULTS: ICU trauma patients had a significantly lower 1-year mortality than non-trauma patients (7% vs. 23%, p < 0.001), but had worse stress levels scores (19 vs. 13, p = 0.041). No difference was found regarding physical and mental QoL scores (33 vs. 31, p = 0.19 and 30 vs. 28, p = 0.42). Patients with better QoL scores had lower tracheotomy rates (11% vs. 30%, p = 0.01). Worse stress level scores are associated with poor QoL scores and vice versa. Some study biomarkers were significantly higher in those ICU trauma patients who had worse QoL scores at 1 year after discharge. DISCUSSION: Our study suggests that quality of life 1 year after an ICU stay is poor and is similar in both trauma and non-trauma patients, but ICU trauma patients are at greater risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder-related symptoms. Tracheotomy and high levels of inflammatory biomarkers could be associated with impaired quality of life.

19.
J Hepatol ; 71(3): 563-572, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cholestasis often occurs after burn injuries. However, the prevalence of cholestasis and its effect on outcomes in patients with severe burn injuries are unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the course and the burden of cholestasis in a cohort of severely burned adult patients. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between burn-associated cholestasis (BAC) and clinical outcomes in a retrospective cohort of patients admitted to our unit for severe burn injuries between 2012 and 2015. BAC was defined as an increased level of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≥1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN) with an increased level of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) ≥3x ULN, or as an increased level of total bilirubin ≥2x ULN. RESULTS: A total of 214 patients were included: 111 (52%) patients developed BAC after a median (IQR) stay of 9 (5-16) days. At 90 days, the mortality rate was 20%, including 34 and 9 patients with and without BAC (p <0.001), respectively, which corresponded to a 2.5-fold higher (95% CI 1.2-5.2, p = 0.012) risk of 90-day mortality for patients with BAC. After being adjusted for severity of illness, patients with BAC, hyperbilirubinemia and without elevated ALP and GGT levels had a hazard ratio of 4.51 (95% CI 1.87-10.87) for 90-day mortality. BAC was associated with the severity of the burn injury, shock and bacteraemia. BAC was present in 38 (51%) patients at discharge, and 7 (18%) patients had secondary sclerosing cholangitis. These patients maintained elevated levels of ALP and GGT that were 5.8x (1.7-15) the ULN and 11x the ULN (4.5-22), respectively, 20 months (3.5-35) after discharge. CONCLUSION: BAC is prevalent among patients with severe burn injuries and is associated with worse short-term outcomes, especially when total bilirubin levels were increased without elevated ALP and GGT levels. BAC survivors are at risk of developing sclerosing cholangitis. LAY SUMMARY: Cholestasis is common after burn injuries and is associated with burn severity, sepsis, organ failure and mortality. Patients with hyperbilirubinemia without elevated alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltransferase levels after the burn injury have a poor prognosis. Patients with burn-associated cholestasis may develop sclerosing cholangitis and secondary biliary cirrhosis.

20.
Eur Heart J ; 40(32): 2684-2694, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204432

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is associated with high short-term mortality and a precise CS risk stratification could guide interventions to improve patient outcome. Here, we developed a circulating protein-based score to predict short-term mortality risk among patients with CS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mass spectrometry analysis of 2654 proteins was used for screening in the Barcelona discovery cohort (n = 48). Targeted quantitative proteomics analyses (n = 51 proteins) were used in the independent CardShock cohort (n = 97) to derive and cross-validate the protein classifier. The combination of four circulating proteins (Cardiogenic Shock 4 proteins-CS4P), discriminated patients with low and high 90-day risk of mortality. CS4P comprises the abundances of liver-type fatty acid-binding protein, beta-2-microglobulin, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase B, and SerpinG1. Within the CardShock cohort used for internal validation, the C-statistic was 0.78 for the CardShock risk score, 0.83 for the CS4P model, and 0.84 (P = 0.033 vs. CardShock risk score) for the combination of CardShock risk score with the CS4P model. The CardShock risk score with the CS4P model showed a marked benefit in patient reclassification, with a net reclassification improvement (NRI) of 0.49 (P = 0.020) compared with CardShock risk score. Similar reclassification metrics were observed in the IABP-SHOCK II risk score combined with CS4P (NRI =0.57; P = 0.032). The CS4P patient classification power was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CONCLUSION: A new protein-based CS patient classifier, the CS4P, was developed for short-term mortality risk stratification. CS4P improved predictive metrics in combination with contemporary risk scores, which may guide clinicians in selecting patients for advanced therapies.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA