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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(8)2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454931

RESUMO

Stromal infiltration is associated with poor prognosis in human colon cancers. However, the high heterogeneity of human tumor-associated stromal cells (TASCs) hampers a clear identification of specific markers of prognostic relevance. To address these issues, we established short-term cultures of TASCs and matched healthy mucosa-associated stromal cells (MASCs) from human primary colon cancers and, upon characterization of their phenotypic and functional profiles in vitro and in vivo, we identified differentially expressed markers by proteomic analysis and evaluated their prognostic significance. TASCs were characterized by higher proliferation and differentiation potential, and enhanced expression of mesenchymal stem cell markers, as compared to MASCs. TASC triggered epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tumor cells in vitro and promoted their metastatic spread in vivo, as assessed in an orthotopic mouse model. Proteomic analysis of matched TASCs and MASCs identified a panel of markers preferentially expressed in TASCs. The expression of genes encoding two of them, calponin 1 (CNN1) and tropomyosin beta chain isoform 2 (TPM2), was significantly associated with poor outcome in independent databases and outperformed the prognostic significance of currently proposed TASC markers. The newly identified markers may improve prognostication of primary colon cancers and identification of patients at risk.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 376, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the fifth most common malignant female cancer with a high mortality, mainly because of aggressive high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSOC), but also due to absence of specific early symptoms and effective detection strategies. The CXCL12-CXCR4 axis is considered to have a prognostic impact and to serve as potential therapeutic target. Therefore we investigated the role of pCXCR4 and CXCR4 expression of the tumor cells and of tumor infiltrating immune cells (TIC) in high-grade serous OC and their association with the recurrence-free (RFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: A tissue microarray of 47 primary high grade ovarian serous carcinomas and their recurrences was stained with primary antibodies directed against CXCR4 and pCXCR4. Beside the evaluation of the absolute tumor as well as TIC expression in primary and recurrent cancer biopsies the corresponding ratios for pCXCR4 and CXCR4 were generated and analyzed. The clinical endpoints were response to chemotherapy, OS as well as RFS. RESULTS: Patients with a high pCXCR4/CXCR4 TIC ratio in primary cancer biopsies showed a significant longer RFS during the first two years (p = 0.025). However, this effect was lost in the long-term analysis including a follow-up period of 5 years (p = 0.128). Interestingly, the Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that a high pCXCR4/CXCR4 TIC ratio in primary cancer independently predicts longer RFS (HR 0.33; 95CI 0.13 - 0.81; p = 0.015). Furthermore a high dichotomized distribution of CXCR4 positive tumor expression in recurrent cancer biopsies showed a significantly longer 6-month RFS rate (p = 0.018) in comparison to patients with low CXCR4 positive tumor expression. However, this effect was not independent of known risk factors in a Multivariate Cox regression (HR 0.57; 95CI 0.24 - 1.33; p = 0.193). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge we show for the first time that a high pCXCR4/CXCR4 TIC ratio in primary HGSOC biopsies is indicative for better RFS and response to chemotherapy. HIGHLIGHTS: • We observed a significant association between high pCXCR4/CXCR4 TIC ratio and better RFS in primary cancer biopsies, especially during the early postoperative follow-up and independent of known risk factors for recurrence. • High CXCR4 tumor expression in recurrent HGSOC biopsies might be indicative for sensitivity to chemotherapy. We found evidence that at the beginning of the disease (early follow-up) the role of the immune response seems to be the most crucial factor for progression. On the other hand in recurrent/progressive disease the biology of the tumor itself becomes more important for prognosis. • We explored for the first time the predictive and prognostic role of pCXCR4/CXCR4 TIC ratio in high-grade serous ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Receptores CXCR4 , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Transdução de Sinais
3.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is a treatment option for acute cholecystitis (AC) in cases where cholecystectomy (CCY) is not feasible due to limited health conditions. The use of PC remains questionable. The aim was to retrospectively analyse the outcome of patients after PC. METHODS: All patients who underwent PC for AC at a tertiary referral hospital over 10 years were included. Descriptive statistics, analysed mortality with and without CCY after PC, and a multivariable logistic regression for potential confounder and a landmark sensitivity analysis for immortal time bias were used. RESULTS: Of 158 patients, 79 were treated with PC alone and 79 had PC with subsequent CCY. Without CCY, 48% (38 patients) died compared to 9% with CCY. In the multivariable analysis CCY was associated with 85% lower risk of mortality. The landmark analysis was compatible with the main analyses. Direct PC-complications occurred in 17% patients. Histologically, 22/75 (29%) specimens showed chronic cholecystitis, and 76% AC. CONCLUSION: Due to the high mortality rate of PC alone, performing up-front CCY is proposed. PC represents no definitive treatment for AC and should remain a short-term solution because of the persistent inflammatory focus. According to these findings, almost all specimens showed persistent inflammation.

4.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 16(5): 452-460, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of complications and recurrence between oncoplastic and conventional breast surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 436 patients with stage I-III breast cancer who underwent surgery at the University Hospital of Basel between 2011 and 2018. RESULTS: The nipple/skin-sparing mastectomy (NSM/SSM) group showed significantly more delayed wound healing (32.7 vs. 5.8%, p < 0.001) and skin necrosis (13.9 vs. 1.9%, p = 0.020) compared to conventional mastectomy (CM), which corresponded to significantly higher odds of short-term complications (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.02-5.35, p = 0.044). The incidence rate of long-term morbidity in oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) was significantly higher compared to conventional breast-conserving surgery (CBCS; 25.5 vs. 11.3 per 100 patient years [PY], p < 0.001), in particular concerning chronic pain (13.3 vs. 6.6, p = 0.011) and lymphedema (4.1 vs. 0.4, p = 0.003). Seroma as a long-term morbidity occurred more often in the CM group compared to the NSM/SSM group (5.8 vs. 0.5 per 100 PY, p = 0.004). Patients received adjuvant treatment earlier after CM compared to NSM/SSM (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.05-3.19, p = 0.034). There were no significant differences in the incidence of positive margins nor in the odds of recurrence after OBCS versus CBCS and after NSM/SSM versus CM. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the present study confirmed expected differences in complications and morbidity, it suggested that oncoplastic surgery is oncologically safe. Patients undergoing NSM/SSM should be followed closely to allow early detection and treatment of frequently associated complications and ensure timely start of adjuvant therapy.

5.
Surgery ; 170(5): 1383-1388, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concern regarding suboptimal cure rates has led to some endocrine surgery units abandoning focused parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in favor of open bilateral neck exploration or making intraoperative parathyroid hormone estimation mandatory in focused parathyroidectomy. This study explores whether focused parathyroidectomy for radiologically localized primary hyperparathyroidism without intraoperative parathyroid hormone is still a valid approach. METHODS: Retrospective review of a tertiary referral endocrine surgery unit database. All parathyroidectomies for primary hyperparathyroidism over 6 years (2013-2019) were included. Lithium-induced hyperparathyroidism, reoperations, familial disease, and concurrent thyroid surgery were excluded. Characteristics and outcomes for focused parathyroidectomy and open bilateral neck exploration were compared by intention-to-treat and treatment delivered. Persistence and recurrence, conversions and complications were analyzed as endpoints. RESULTS: A total of 2,828 parathyroidectomies were performed and 2,421 analyzed. By intention to treat there were 1,409 focused parathyroidectomies and 1,012 open bilateral neck explorations. Focused parathyroidectomy patients were younger: 63 vs 66 years (P < .01); however, gender (77%, 79% female), preoperative peak serum calcium (2.72, 2.70 mmol/L [P = .23]), and serum parathyroid hormone (11.5, 11.0 pmol/L [P = .52]) did not differ. In total, 229 (16.3%) focused parathyroidectomies were converted to open bilateral neck exploration. Multiple gland disease was confirmed in 54.5% of converted patients. Median follow-up was 41 months (3-60 months). Persistence or recurrence requiring reoperation totaled 2.2% and did not differ between focused parathyroidectomy and open bilateral neck exploration in either intention to treat or final treatment analyses. Complications occurred in 1.2% of focused parathyroidectomy and 3.2% open bilateral neck exploration (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: In experienced hands and with a ready-selective approach to conversion, focused parathyroidectomy based on concordant imaging and without intraoperative parathyroid hormone may deliver equivalent cure rates to open bilateral neck exploration with significantly fewer complications. Focused parathyroidectomy without intraoperative parathyroid hormone should therefore be maintained in the endocrine surgeon's armamentarium.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 775, 2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436863

RESUMO

Since colorectal cancer (CRC) remains one of the most common malignancies, a tremendous amount of studies keep taking place in this field. Over the past 25 years, a notable part of the scientific community has focused on the association between the immune system and colorectal cancer. A variety of studies have shown that high densities of infiltrating CD8+ T-cells are associated with improved disease-free and overall survival in CRC. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a protein that regulates leukocyte trafficking and is variably expressed in several healthy and malignant tissues. There is strong evidence that SDF-1 has a negative prognostic impact on a variety of solid tumors. However, the existing data do not provide sufficient evidence that the expression of SDF-1 has an influence on CRC. Knowing nowadays, that the microenvironment plays a crucial role in the development of cancer, we hypothesized that the expression of SDF-1 in CRC could influence the prognostic significance of CD8+ T-cells, as an indicator of the essential role of the immune microenvironment in cancer development. Therefore, we explored the combined prognostic significance of CD8+ T-cell density and SDF-1 expression in a large CRC collective. We analyzed a tissue microarray of 613 patient specimens of primary CRCs by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for the CD8 + T-cells density and the expression of SDF-1 by tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells. Besides, we analyzed the expression of SDF-1 at the RNA level in The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort. We found that the combined high CD8+ T-cell infiltration and expression of SDF-1 shows a favorable 5-year overall survival rate (66%; 95% CI 48-79%) compared to tumors showing a high expression of CD8+ T-cell only (55%; 95% CI 45-64%; p = 0.0004). After stratifying the patients in nodal negative and positive groups, we found that the prognostic significance of CD8+ T-cell density in nodal positive colorectal cancer depends on SDF-1 expression. Univariate and multivariate Hazard Cox regression survival analysis considering the combination of both markers revealed that the combined high expression of SDF-1 and CD8+ T-cell density was an independent, favorable, prognostic marker for overall survival (HR = 0.34, 95% CI 0.17-0.66; p = 0.002 and HR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.23-0.89; p = 0.021, respectively). In our cohort there was a very weak correlation between SDF-1 and CD8+ T-cells (rs = 0.13, p = 0.002) and in the trascriptomic expression of these two immune markers display a weak correlation (rs = 0.28, p < 0.001) which was significantly more pronounced in stage III cancers (rs = 0.40, p < 0.001). The combination of high CD8+ T-cell density and expression of SDF-1 represents an independent, favorable, prognostic condition in CRC, mostly in patients with stage III disease.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Quimiocina CXCL12/biossíntese , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Quimiocina CXCL12/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 75: 372-375, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Malignant melanoma is a neoplasia with the ability to metastasize to all organs. Most frequently, metastases derives from a skin primary. A solitary metastasis in the gallbladder is rarely mentioned in current literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 62-year-old female patient with the unusual metastatic spread of malignant melanoma into the gallbladder. The lesion was detected during routine follow up appointment six years after the initial surgical and radio-chemotherapeutic treatment of a malignant melanoma on the back. Following multidisciplinary team meeting, it was decided to perform a laparoscopic cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder metastasis. DISCUSSION: New occurrence of a melanoma metastasis in the gallbladder is extremely rare, especially in stable disease. The therapeutical concept must be discussed extensively in the present of this metastasized tumor. CONCLUSION: In otherwise stable disease, palliative surgery for metastasis in the gallbladder is a possible option to prevent biliary complications. In a palliative setting always weigh up the risks and benefits while maintaining the quality of life.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(8)2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759760

RESUMO

The incidence of thyroid cancer is rapidly increasing, mostly due to the overdiagnosis and overtreatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (TC). The increasing use of potent preclinical models, high throughput molecular technologies, and gene expression microarrays have provided a deeper understanding of molecular characteristics in cancer. Hence, molecular markers have become a potent tool also in TC management to distinguish benign from malignant lesions, predict aggressive biology, prognosis, recurrence, as well as for identification of novel therapeutic targets. In differentiated TC, molecular markers are mainly used as an adjunct to guide management of indeterminate nodules on fine needle aspiration biopsies. In contrast, in advanced thyroid cancer, molecular markers enable targeted treatments of affected signalling pathways. Identification of the driver mutation of targetable kinases in advanced TC can select treatment with mutation targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) to slow growth and reverse adverse effects of the mutations, when traditional treatments fail. This review will outline the molecular landscape and discuss the impact of molecular markers on diagnosis, surveillance and treatment of differentiated, poorly differentiated and anaplastic follicular TC.

9.
Cancer Control ; 27(1): 1073274820903383, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Analysis of tumor immune infiltration has been suggested to outperform tumor, node, metastasis staging in predicting clinical course of colorectal cancer (CRC). Infiltration by cells expressing OX40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, or CD16, expressed by natural killer cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells, has been associated with favorable prognosis in patients with CRC. We hypothesized that assessment of CRC infiltration by both OX40+ and CD16+ cells might result in enhanced prognostic significance. METHODS: Colorectal cancer infiltration by OX40 and CD16 expressing cells was investigated in 441 primary CRCs using tissue microarrays and specific antibodies, by immunohistochemistry. Patients' survival was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Multivariate Cox regression analysis, hazard ratios, and 95% confidence intervals were also used to evaluate prognostic significance of OX40+ and CD16+ cell infiltration. RESULTS: Colorectal cancer infiltration by OX40+ and CD16+ cells was subclassified into 4 groups with high or low infiltration levels in all possible combinations. High levels of infiltration by both OX40+ and CD16+ cells were associated with lower pT stage, absence of peritumoral lymphocytic (PTL) inflammation, and a positive prognostic impact. Patients bearing tumors with high infiltration by CD16+ and OX40+ cells were also characterized by significantly longer overall survival, as compared with the other groups. These results were confirmed by analyzing an independent validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Combined infiltration by OX40+ and CD16+ immune cells is an independent favorable prognostic marker in CRC. The prognostic value of CD16+ immune cell infiltration is significantly improved by the combined analysis with OX40+ cell infiltration.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Ligante OX40/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise Serial de Tecidos
10.
Nature ; 578(7796): 615-620, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959985

RESUMO

Single-cell analyses have revealed extensive heterogeneity between and within human tumours1-4, but complex single-cell phenotypes and their spatial context are not at present reflected in the histological stratification that is the foundation of many clinical decisions. Here we use imaging mass cytometry5 to simultaneously quantify 35 biomarkers, resulting in 720 high-dimensional pathology images of tumour tissue from 352 patients with breast cancer, with long-term survival data available for 281 patients. Spatially resolved, single-cell analysis identified the phenotypes of tumour and stromal single cells, their organization and their heterogeneity, and enabled the cellular architecture of breast cancer tissue to be characterized on the basis of cellular composition and tissue organization. Our analysis reveals multicellular features of the tumour microenvironment and novel subgroups of breast cancer that are associated with distinct clinical outcomes. Thus, spatially resolved, single-cell analysis can characterize intratumour phenotypic heterogeneity in a disease-relevant manner, with the potential to inform patient-specific diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Imagem Molecular , Análise de Célula Única , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fenótipo , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Am J Surg ; 220(2): 322-327, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate whether teaching procedures and surgical experience are associated with surgical site infection (SSI) rates. METHODS: This prospective cohort study of patients undergoing general, orthopedic trauma and vascular surgery procedures was done between 2012 and 2015 at two tertiary care hospitals in Switzerland/Europe. RESULTS: Out of a total of 4560 patients/surgeries, 1403 (30.8%) were classified as teaching operations. The overall SSI rate was 5.1% (n = 233). Teaching operations (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.57-1.07, p = 0.120), junior surgeons (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.55-1.15, p = 0.229) and surgical experience (OR 0.997, 95% CI 0.982-1.012, p = 0.676) were overall not independently associated with the odds of SSI. However, for surgeons' seniority and experience, these associations depended on the duration of surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In procedures of shorter and medium duration, teaching procedures and junior as well as less experienced surgeons are not independently associated with increased odds of SSI.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/educação , Salas Cirúrgicas , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Competência Clínica , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suíça/epidemiologia
12.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 127-136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ovarian carcinoma (OC) is the most lethal female genital cancer. After a primary curative surgical approach followed by chemotherapy, a fraction of the patients recur with chemoresistant disease. Data indicate a favorable therapeutic effect of tumor-infiltrating neutrophils (TIN) in OC. Our aim was to investigate the prognostic role of CD66b expression, corresponding to neutrophilic infiltration for recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with OC. METHODS: A collective of 47 primary serous ovarian carcinoma and their matching recurrences were processed and stained with CD66b using immunohistochemistry. Tumors from patients with RFS of more than 6 months were defined as chemosensitive. Statistical analysis of CD66b expression was performed to assess the clinical endpoints. RESULTS: High density of CD66b expressing neutrophils in primary carcinoma was associated with chemosensitivity (p = 0.014) and longer RFS (p = 0.001). Univariate analysis identified high density of CD66b expressing neutrophils as a predictor for favorable RFS (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.22-0.76, p < 0.005). Residual disease > 2 cm (HR 3.67, 95% CI 1.62-8.31, p < 0.002) and higher number of chemotherapy cycles (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.05-1.55, p < 0.013) were associated with worse RFS. Multivariate analysis showed that high density of CD66b expressing neutrophils (HR 0.22, 95% CI 0.10-0.48, p < 0.001) and residual disease > 2 cm (HR 3.69, 95% CI 1.43-9.53, p < 0.007) were independent predictors of RFS but had no impact on OS. CONCLUSION: High CD66b neutrophil density in primary high-grade OC predicts good response to initial chemotherapy and longer recurrence-free survival independent of known risk factors.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/imunologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/biossíntese , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/tratamento farmacológico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/imunologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
13.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 200, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572728

RESUMO

Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents about 10-20% of all invasive breast cancers and is associated with a poor prognosis. The nectin cell adhesion protein 4 (Nectin-4) is a junction protein involved in the formation and maintenance of cell junctions. Nectin-4 has previously shown to be expressed in about 60% of TNBC as well as in TNBC metastases, but to be absent in normal breast tissue, which makes it a potential specific target for TNBC therapy. Previous studies have shown an association of Nectin-4 protein expression with worse prognosis in TNBC in a small patient cohort. The aim of our study was to explore the role of Nectin-4 in TNBC and confirm its impact on survival in a larger TNBC patient cohort. Material and Methods: We performed immunohistochemical staining for Nectin-4 on a tissue microarray encompassing 148 TNBC cases with detailed clinical annotation and outcomes data. Results: A high expression of Nectin-4 was present in 86 (58%) of the 148 TNBC cases. In multivariate survival analysis, high expression of Nectin-4 was associated with a significantly better overall survival when compared with low expression of Nectin-4 (p < 0.001). Nectin-4-high expression was also significantly associated with a lower tumor stage (p = 0.025) and pN0 lymph node stage (p = 0.034). Conclusion: Our results confirm that expression of Nectin-4 serves as a potential prognostic marker in TNBC and is associated with a significantly better overall survival. In addition, Nectin-4 represents a potential target in TNBC, and its role in molecular defined breast cancer subtype should be investigated in larger patient cohorts.

14.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 40(12): 1374-1379, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common surgical complications that lead to increased costs. Depending on payer type, however, they do not necessarily translate into deficits for every hospital. OBJECTIVE: We investigated how surgical site infections (SSIs) influence the contribution margin in 2 reimbursement systems based on diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). METHODS: This preplanned observational health cost analysis was nested within a Swiss multicenter randomized controlled trial on the timing of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in general surgery between February 2013 and August 2015. A simulation of cost and income in the National Health Service (NHS) England reimbursement system was conducted. RESULTS: Of 5,175 patients initially enrolled, 4,556 had complete cost and income data as well as SSI status available for analysis. SSI occurred in 228 of 4,556 of patients (5%). Patients with SSIs were older, more often male, had higher BMIs, compulsory insurance, longer operations, and more frequent ICU admissions. SSIs led to higher hospital cost and income. The median contribution margin was negative in cases of SSI. In SSI cases, median contribution margin was Swiss francs (CHF) -2045 (IQR, -12,800 to 4,848) versus CHF 895 (IQR, -2,190 to 4,158) in non-SSI cases. Higher ASA class and private insurance were associated with higher contribution margins in SSI cases, and ICU admission led to greater deficits. Private insurance had a strong increasing effect on contribution margin at the 10th, 50th (median), and 90th percentiles of its distribution, leading to overall positive contribution margins for SSIs in Switzerland. The NHS England simulation with 3,893 patients revealed similar but less pronounced effects of SSI on contribution margin. CONCLUSIONS: Depending on payer type, reimbursement systems with DRGs offer only minor financial incentives to the prevention of SSI.


Assuntos
Custos Hospitalares , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/economia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Suíça
15.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 177(3): 581-589, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267330

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an enzyme secreted by neutrophil granulocytes as a result of phagocytosis during inflammation. In colorectal cancer, tumour infiltration by MPO expressing cells has been shown to be independently associated with a favourable prognosis. In this study, we explored the role of MPO-positive cell infiltration and its prognostic significance in invasive breast cancer. METHODS: We performed immunohistochemical staining for MPO on multiple tissue microarrays comprising a total of 928 human breast cancer samples with detailed clinical-pathological annotation and outcome data. RESULTS: MPO-positive cell infiltration (≥ 5 cells/tissue punch) was found in 150 (16%) of the 928 evaluable breast cancer cases. In univariate survival analyses, infiltration by MPO-positive cells was associated with a significantly better overall survival (p < 0.001). In subset univariate analyses, the infiltration by MPO-positive cells was associated with significantly better overall survival in the Luminal B/HER2-negative subtype (p = 0.005), the HER2 enriched subtype (p = 0.011), and the Triple Negative subtype (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, MPO expression proved to be an independent prognostic factor for improved overall survival (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to show that infiltration of MPO-positive cells is an independent prognostic biomarker for improved overall survival in human breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Neutrófilos/enzimologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Peroxidase/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
World J Surg ; 43(10): 2420-2425, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-duration surgery requires repeated administration of antimicrobial prophylaxis (amp). Amp "redosing" reduces incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) but is frequently omitted. Clinical relevance of redosing timing needs to be investigated. Here, we evaluated the effects of compliance with amp redosing and its timing on SSI incidence in prolonged duration surgery. METHODS: Data from >9000 patients undergoing visceral, trauma, or vascular surgery with elective or emergency treatment in two tertiary referral Swiss hospitals were analyzed. All patients had to receive amp preoperatively and redosing, if indicated. Antibiotics used were cefuroxime (1.5 or 3 g, if weight >80 kg), or cefuroxime and metronidazole (1.5 and 0.5 g, or 3 and 1 g doses, if weight >80 kg). Alternatively, in cases of known or suspected allergies, vancomycin (1 g), gentamicin (4 mg/Kg), and metronidazole or clindamycin (300 mg) with or without ciprofloxacin (400 mg) were used. Association of defined parameters, including wound class, ASA scores, and duration of operation, with SSI incidence was explored. RESULTS: In the whole cohort, SSI incidence significantly correlated with duration of surgery (ρ = 0.73, p = 0.031). In 593 patients undergoing >240 min long interventions, duration of surgery was the only parameter significantly (p < 0.001) associated with increased SSI risk, whereas wound class, ASA scores, treatment areas, and emergency versus elective hospital entry were not. Redosing significantly reduced SSI incidence as shown by multivariate analysis (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.37-0.96, p = 0.034), but exact timing had no significant impact. CONCLUSIONS: Long-duration surgery associates with higher SSI incidence. Irrespective of its exact timing, amp redosing significantly decreases SSI risk.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
17.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 41, 2019 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Rearranged during Transfection (RET) protein is overexpressed in a subset of Estrogen Receptor (ER) positive breast cancer, with both signalling pathways functionally interacting. This cross-talk plays a pivotal role in the resistance of breast cancer cells to anti-endocrine therapies, and RET expression is assumed to correlate with poor prognosis based on findings in small patient cohorts. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of RET expression on patient outcome in human breast cancer. METHODS: We performed an immunohistochemical analysis of RET protein expression on a tissue microarray encompassing 990 breast cancer patients and correlated its expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival data. RESULTS: Expression of RET was detected in 409 out of 990 cases (41.3%). RET and ER expression significantly correlated (p < 0.0001). The Luminal B HER2-positive subtype showed the highest expression rate (48.9%). In univariate and multivariate survival analyses, RET expression had no impact on overall survival. CONCLUSION: We confirmed the co-expression of RET and ER, but we did not find RET expression to be an independent prognostic factor in human breast cancer. Clinical trials with newly developed RET inhibitors are needed to evaluate if RET inhibition has a beneficial impact on patient survival in ER positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ret/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Tamoxifeno/administração & dosagem
18.
Adv Biosyst ; 3(4): e1800300, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627426

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Conventional chemotherapeutic regimens have limited success rates, and a major challenge for the development of novel therapies is the lack of adequate in vitro models. Nonmalignant mesenchymal and immune cells of the tumor microenvironment (TME) are known to critically affect CRC progression and drug responsiveness. However, tumor drug sensitivity is still evaluated on systems, such as cell monolayers, spheroids, or tumor xenografts, which typically neglect the original TME. Here, it is investigated whether a bioreactor-based 3D culture system can preserve the main TME cellular components in primary CRC samples. Freshly excised CRC fragments are inserted between two collagen scaffolds in a "sandwich-like" format and cultured under static or perfused conditions up to 3 d. Perfused cultures maintain tumor tissue architecture and densities of proliferating tumor cells to significantly higher extents than static cultures. Stromal and immune cells are also preserved and fully viable, as indicated by their responsiveness to microenvironmental stimuli. Importantly, perfusion-based cultures prove suitable for testing the sensitivity of primary tumor cells to chemotherapies currently in use for CRC. Perfusion-based culture of primary CRC specimens recapitulates TME key features and may allow assessment of tumor drug response in a patient-specific context.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/instrumentação , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Colágeno , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Perfusão , Esferoides Celulares/fisiologia , Tecidos Suporte/química
19.
Am J Surg ; 217(1): 17-23, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29935905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical drains are widely used despite limited evidence in their favor. This study describes the associations between drains and surgical site infections (SSI). METHODS: This prospective observational double center study was performed in Switzerland between February 2013 and August 2015. RESULTS: The odds of SSI in the presence of drains were increased in general (OR 2.41, 95%CI 1.32-4.30, p = 0.004), but less in vascular and not in orthopedic trauma surgery. In addition to the surgical division, the association between drains and SSI depended significantly on the duration of surgery (p = 0.01) and wound class (p = 0.034). Furthermore, the duration of drainage (OR 1.24, 95%CI 1.15-1.35, p < 0.001), the number (OR 1.74, 95%CI 1.09-2.74, p = 0.019) and type of drains (open versus closed: OR 3.68, 95%CI 1.88, 6.89, p < 0.001) as well as their location (overall p = 0.002) were significantly associated with SSI. CONCLUSIONS: The general use of drains is discouraged. However, drains may be beneficial in specific surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Drenagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suíça
20.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 172(3): 523-537, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Indications for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) have broadened to include the risk reducing setting and locally advanced tumors, which resulted in a dramatic increase in the use of NSM. The Oncoplastic Breast Consortium consensus conference on NSM and immediate reconstruction was held to address a variety of questions in clinical practice and research based on published evidence and expert panel opinion. METHODS: The panel consisted of 44 breast surgeons from 14 countries across four continents with a background in gynecology, general or reconstructive surgery and a practice dedicated to breast cancer, as well as a patient advocate. Panelists presented evidence summaries relating to each topic for debate during the in-person consensus conference. The iterative process in question development, voting, and wording of the recommendations followed the modified Delphi methodology. RESULTS: Consensus recommendations were reached in 35, majority recommendations in 24, and no recommendations in the remaining 12 questions. The panel acknowledged the need for standardization of various aspects of NSM and immediate reconstruction. It endorsed several oncological contraindications to the preservation of the skin and nipple. Furthermore, it recommended inclusion of patients in prospective registries and routine assessment of patient-reported outcomes. Considerable heterogeneity in breast reconstruction practice became obvious during the conference. CONCLUSIONS: In case of conflicting or missing evidence to guide treatment, the consensus conference revealed substantial disagreement in expert panel opinion, which, among others, supports the need for a randomized trial to evaluate the safest and most efficacious reconstruction techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia Subcutânea/métodos , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Subcutânea/efeitos adversos , Necrose , Mamilos/patologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia
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