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1.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e10020, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143682

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: to verify the association between the auditory assessment result and the speech-language-hearing diagnosis in children and adolescents. Methods: an observational, cross-sectional study based on the analysis of medical records of children and adolescents that received care at a speech-language-hearing assessment outpatient center between 2010 and 2014. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, speech-language-hearing diagnosis, auditory examination results, and Auditory Processing Simplified Assessment results were collected. Descriptive and association analyses were conducted with either the chi-squared or Fisher's exact test, considering the 5% statistical significance level. Results: the sample comprised 122 participants, most of them males (67.2%), mean age 8.78 years. A statistically significant association was verified between the audiometry result and the diagnostic hypothesis of change in written language (p = 0.011); between the results of both the sequential memory test for nonverbal sounds and sound localization and the diagnostic hypotheses of change in the cognitive aspects of language (p = 0.019 and p = 0.033, respectively) and of speech (p = 0.003 and p = 0.020, respectively); and between the result of the sequential memory test for verbal sounds and the diagnostic hypothesis of change in speech (p = 0.005). Conclusion: given the associations found, it is proposed that children and adolescents with changes in speech undergo the Auditory Processing Simplified Assessment to verify the possibility of changed aspects, favoring directed therapeutic interventions.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a associação entre o resultado da avaliação auditiva e o diagnóstico fonoaudiológico de crianças e adolescentes atendidos em um ambulatório universitário. Métodos: trata-se de estudo observacional transversal, baseado em análise dos prontuários de crianças e adolescentes atendidos em um ambulatório de avaliação fonoaudiológica entre 2010 e 2014. Foram coletados dados referentes às características sociodemográficas, diagnóstico fonoaudiológico, resultados do exame auditivo e da Avaliação Simplificada do Processamento Auditivo. Foi realizada análise descritiva e de associação, utilizando o teste Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fisher e considerando nível de significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 122 participantes, a maioria do sexo masculino (67,2%), com média de idade de 8,78 anos. Foi verificada associação estatisticamente significante entre o resultado da audiometria e a hipótese diagnóstica de alteração da linguagem escrita (p = 0,011); entre os resultados dos testes de Memória Sequencial Não Verbal e de localização sonora com as hipóteses diagnósticas de alteração dos aspectos cognitivos da linguagem (p = 0,019 e p = 0,033, respectivamente) e da fala (p = 0,003 e p = 0,020, respectivamente) e entre o resultado do teste de Memória Sequencial Verbal com a hipótese diagnóstica de alteração de fala (p = 0,005). Conclusão: diante das associações encontradas, propõe-se que crianças e adolescentes com alterações na fala realizem a Avaliação Simplificada do Processamento Auditivo com a finalidade de verificar possíveis aspectos alterados, favorecendo intervenções terapêuticas direcionadas.

2.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190071, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To test the association between the Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the fear of public speaking in university students. METHOD: Cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1124 undergraduate students of a Brazilian public university. An online questionnaire was used divided into three blocks: the first evaluated the sociodemographic data and the somatic symptoms of the fear of public speaking; the second evaluated the SOC, through the SOC-13 questionnaire; and the third was composed by the Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking (SSPS), with questions that point out cognitive aspects of this activity. The students were divided into two groups (high SOC and low SOC) through the Two-step Cluster analysis. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the Mann-Whitney test and bi and multivariate logistic regression models, with significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The students who reported not being afraid to speak in public were more likely to belong to the high SOC group (OR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.30-4.42). Students from the high SOC group self-assessed more positively on the SSPS scale (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: College students over 30 years old, on the second half of graduation, with breathing discomfort, who do not report fear of public speaking and who perceive themselves more positively for public speaking, they have the highest SOC. Thus, it is observed the importance of considering the SOC as an important coping resource, given the great interference of emotional aspects in public speech.


Assuntos
Senso de Coerência , Fala , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
3.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190097, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053085

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of shyness in university students and to analyze among the sociodemographic and public communication factors, those that are most related to their presence. METHOD: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1124 university students aged between 17 and 63 years old. It was used a questionnaire with questions related to sociodemographic characteristics; frequency of participation in public speaking activities; self-report of fear of speaking; self-perception of non-verbal aspects of oral communication: tone of voice, speed of speech, voice intensity, vocal projection, eye contact with the audience during the speech, use hands in public presentations; self-assessment of public speaking (Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking) and self-perception of shyness (Revised Shyness Scale). The analysis of factors associated with shyness and with the other variables was performed by Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The level of significance adopted was 5%. RESULTS: The majority of the university population self-reported traces of shyness and fear of speaking in public. There was an association of shyness with the age of 17 to 30 years, fear of speaking in public, little participation in public speaking activities, negative self-perception of speech and with non-verbal communication aspects. CONCLUSION: Shyness is prevalent in young university students, who participate in few public speaking activities, who are afraid to speak in public, self-report speaking at low intensity and who are unable to use their hands naturally during public presentations.


Assuntos
Fala , Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Timidez , Adulto Jovem
4.
Codas ; 32(3): e20190058, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609224

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Identify factors related to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) representing more than one category and verify their association with sociodemographic and health care aspects in a speech-language pathology (SLP) outpatient clinic. METHOD: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study based on a retrospective analysis of secondary data. One hundred eighty medical records of patients aged 5-16 years evaluated between 2010 and 2014 were included in the study. Sociodemographic and health care aspects were identified in these records, as well as presence of the ICF-CY Body Functions and Activities and Participation component categories. Analyses of the frequency distribution and measures of central tendency and dispersion of the variables, as well as Factor Analysis were carried out to create representative indicators of the ICF-CY categories identified. The Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests and the Spearman's correlation were used to analyze the associations, adopting a statistical significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Two factors that presented statistically relevant associations with the sociodemographic and health care variables were identified for the Body Functions component. As for the Activities and Participation component, three factors predominantly associated with the health care variables were identified. CONCLUSION: Items representative of the ICF-CY Body Functions and Activities and Participation categories and their respective factorial loads were identified. Statistically significant associations were verified between them and the sociodemographic and health care variables analyzed.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Transtornos da Linguagem , Distúrbios da Fala , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Transtornos da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fala , Distúrbios da Fala/diagnóstico
5.
Codas ; 32(2): e20180141, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049096

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Describe the self-referred personal behavior profiles of university professors and verify the association of these profiles with the self-assessment of communicative aspects and vocal symptoms. METHODS: Study conducted with 334 professors at a public university who responded to an online questionnaire regarding voice use in teaching practice. Personal behavior profile classification was the response variable, which was divided into four types: pragmatic, analytical, expressive and affable. Explanatory variables were vocal self-perception, vocal resources, and communicative aspects. Descriptive data analysis was performed with application of the Pearson's Chi-squared and Fisher's Exact tests. RESULTS: University professors identified themselves more with the affable and expressive personal behavior profiles. Overall, professors presented good self-perception about vocal and communicative aspects, in addition to having reported few vocal symptoms. Profiles differed for some of the assessed variables, namely, pragmatic professors reported high speech velocity and sporadic eye contact; expressive professors demonstrated self-perception about their voice and strong voice intensity; those in the analytical profile self-reported negative perception about vocal quality, weak voice intensity, poor articulation and rapid speaking rate; the other professors mostly reported voice tiredness symptoms and difficulty projecting the voice. CONCLUSION: University professors identify themselves mostly with the affable and expressive profiles. Self-perception analysis of the personal behavior profile in university professors showed the influence of self-reported personality characteristics on communicative skills in the classroom.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Autoavaliação , Medida da Produção da Fala/psicologia , Qualidade da Voz/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Docentes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acústica da Fala , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Verbal/fisiologia , Distúrbios da Voz/classificação , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico , Distúrbios da Voz/psicologia
6.
Codas ; 32(3): e20190058, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133495

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar fatores relacionados à Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde para Crianças e Jovens (CIF-CJ) representativos de mais de uma categoria e verificar sua associação com aspectos sociodemográficos e clínico-assistenciais em um ambulatório de avaliação fonoaudiológica. Método: Trata-se de estudo observacional, analítico e transversal, com base em análise retrospectiva de dados secundários. Foram incluídos 180 prontuários de pacientes entre 5 e 16 anos, avaliados de 2010 a 2014. Após a leitura desses prontuários, foram identificados os aspectos sociodemográficos e clínico-assistenciais, bem como a presença de categorias dos componentes Funções do Corpo e Atividades e Participação da CIF-CJ. Foram realizadas análises de distribuição de frequência e medidas de tendência central e dispersão das variáveis, além da análise fatorial, visando criar indicadores representativos das categorias da CIF-CJ identificadas. Para análise de associações, foram utilizados os testes Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis e a correlação de Spearman, adotando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram identificados dois fatores para as Funções do Corpo que apresentaram associações de relevância estatística com as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínico-assistenciais. Para as Atividades e Participação, três fatores foram identificados, cujas associações se deram predominantemente com variáveis clínico-assistenciais. Conclusão: Foi possível a identificação de itens representativos e suas respectivas cargas fatoriais das categorias das Funções do Corpo e Atividades e Participação, sendo verificadas associações estatisticamente significativas entre eles e as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínico-assistenciais analisadas.


ABSTRACT Purpose: Identify factors related to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) representing more than one category and verify their association with sociodemographic and health care aspects in a speech-language pathology (SLP) outpatient clinic. Method: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study based on a retrospective analysis of secondary data. One hundred eighty medical records of patients aged 5-16 years evaluated between 2010 and 2014 were included in the study. Sociodemographic and health care aspects were identified in these records, as well as presence of the ICF-CY Body Functions and Activities and Participation component categories. Analyses of the frequency distribution and measures of central tendency and dispersion of the variables, as well as Factor Analysis were carried out to create representative indicators of the ICF-CY categories identified. The Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests and the Spearman's correlation were used to analyze the associations, adopting a statistical significance level of 5%. Results: Two factors that presented statistically relevant associations with the sociodemographic and health care variables were identified for the Body Functions component. As for the Activities and Participation component, three factors predominantly associated with the health care variables were identified. Conclusion: Items representative of the ICF-CY Body Functions and Activities and Participation categories and their respective factorial loads were identified. Statistically significant associations were verified between them and the sociodemographic and health care variables analyzed.

7.
CoDAS ; 32(5): e20190097, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133526

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência da timidez em estudantes universitários e analisar dentre os fatores sociodemográficos e da comunicação em público, aqueles que mais se relacionam com sua presença. Método: estudo transversal analítico realizado com 1124 universitários com idade entre 17 e 63 anos. Utilizou-se um questionário com perguntas referentes às características sociodemográficas; frequência de participação em atividades de fala em público, autorrelato do medo de falar, autopercepção dos aspectos não verbais da comunicação oral: tom de voz, velocidade de fala, intensidade de voz, projeção vocal, contato visual com a plateia durante o discurso, uso das mãos nas apresentações em público; autoavaliação da fala em público (Escala para Auto Avaliação ao Falar em Público) e autopercepção da timidez (Escala Revisada de Timidez). A análise dos fatores associados à timidez com as demais variáveis foi realizada por meio do teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson e regressão logística uni e multivariada. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: a maioria da população universitária autorreferiu traços de timidez e medo de falar em público. Houve associação da timidez com a idade de 17 a 30 anos, medo de falar em público, pouca participação em atividades de fala em público, autopercepção negativa da fala e com aspectos não verbais da comunicação. Conclusão: A timidez é prevalente em estudantes universitários jovens, que participam de poucas atividades de fala em público, que apresentam medo de falar em público, autorrelatam falar em intensidade baixa e apresentam inabilidade de usar as mãos com naturalidade durante apresentações em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the prevalence of shyness in university students and to analyze among the sociodemographic and public communication factors, those that are most related to their presence. Method: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1124 university students aged between 17 and 63 years old. It was used a questionnaire with questions related to sociodemographic characteristics; frequency of participation in public speaking activities; self-report of fear of speaking; self-perception of non-verbal aspects of oral communication: tone of voice, speed of speech, voice intensity, vocal projection, eye contact with the audience during the speech, use hands in public presentations; self-assessment of public speaking (Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking) and self-perception of shyness (Revised Shyness Scale). The analysis of factors associated with shyness and with the other variables was performed by Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The level of significance adopted was 5%. Results: The majority of the university population self-reported traces of shyness and fear of speaking in public. There was an association of shyness with the age of 17 to 30 years, fear of speaking in public, little participation in public speaking activities, negative self-perception of speech and with non-verbal communication aspects. Conclusion: Shyness is prevalent in young university students, who participate in few public speaking activities, who are afraid to speak in public, self-report speaking at low intensity and who are unable to use their hands naturally during public presentations.

8.
CoDAS ; 32(5): e20190071, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133542

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Testar a associação entre o Senso de Coerência (SOC) e o medo de falar em público em universitários. Método: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 1.124 estudantes de cursos de graduação de uma universidade pública brasileira. Foi utilizado questionário online dividido em três blocos: o primeiro avaliou os dados sociodemográficos e os sintomas somáticos do medo de falar em público; o segundo avaliou o SOC, por meio do questionário SOC-13; e o terceiro foi composto pela Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público (SSPS), que norteia aspectos cognitivos dessa atividade. Os universitários foram divididos em dois grupos (SOC alto e SOC baixo) por meio da análise de Cluster de dois passos. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e por meio do teste de Mann-Whitney e modelos de regressão logística bi e multivariado, com significância de 5%. Resultados: Os universitários que relataram não ter medo de falar em público apresentaram mais chance de pertencer ao grupo SOC alto (OR=3,19, IC95%=2,30-4,42). Os universitários do grupo SOC alto se autoavaliaram mais positivamente na escala SSPS (p<0.001). Conclusão: Universitários com mais de 30 anos, na segunda metade da graduação, das áreas da Saúde e Exatas, com sintoma de respiração ofegante, que não relatam medo de falar em público e que se autopercebem mais positivamente para falar em público, apresentam o SOC mais alto. Diante do estudo, observa-se a importância de se considerar o SOC como um recurso de enfrentamento importante, tendo em vista a grande interferência dos aspectos emocionais na fala em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To test the association between the Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the fear of public speaking in university students. Method: Cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1124 undergraduate students of a Brazilian public university. An online questionnaire was used divided into three blocks: the first evaluated the sociodemographic data and the somatic symptoms of the fear of public speaking; the second evaluated the SOC, through the SOC-13 questionnaire; and the third was composed by the Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking (SSPS), with questions that point out cognitive aspects of this activity. The students were divided into two groups (high SOC and low SOC) through the Two-step Cluster analysis. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the Mann-Whitney test and bi and multivariate logistic regression models, with significance set at 5%. Results: The students who reported not being afraid to speak in public were more likely to belong to the high SOC group (OR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.30-4.42). Students from the high SOC group self-assessed more positively on the SSPS scale (p <0.001). Conclusion: College students over 30 years old, on the second half of graduation, with breathing discomfort, who do not report fear of public speaking and who perceive themselves more positively for public speaking, they have the highest SOC. Thus, it is observed the importance of considering the SOC as an important coping resource, given the great interference of emotional aspects in public speech.

9.
CoDAS ; 32(2): e20180141, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055901

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o perfil de comportamento pessoal autorreferido por professores universitários, e verificar a associação destes perfis com a autoavaliação dos aspectos comunicativos e sintomas vocais. Método Estudo realizado com 334 professores de uma universidade pública que responderam um questionário online referente ao uso da voz na docência. A variável resposta foi a classificação do perfil de comportamento pessoal, identificado em quatro tipos: pragmático, analítico, expressivo e afável, e as variáveis explicativas foram: autopercepção vocal, recursos vocais e aspectos comunicativos. Foi realizada a análise descritiva dos dados, além dos testes Quiquadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher. Resultados Os professores universitários se identificaram mais com os perfis de comportamento pessoal afável e expressivo. De forma geral, os docentes demonstraram boa autopercepção dos aspectos vocais e comunicativos, além de terem relatado poucos sintomas vocais. Os perfis se diferenciaram em algumas variáveis estudadas: o pragmático relatou velocidade de fala rápida e, às vezes, realizar contato de olhos; o expressivo demonstrou autopercepção positiva de sua voz e intensidade forte. Professores com perfil analítico autorreferiram percepção negativa da qualidade vocal, intensidade fraca, articulação ruim e velocidade de fala rápida e, entre os demais perfis, foi o que mais relatou sintomas de cansaço na voz e dificuldade para projetar a voz. Conclusão Professores universitários se identificam predominantemente com os perfis afável e expressivo. A análise da autopercepção do perfil de comportamento pessoal em professores universitários mostra a influência das características da personalidade autorreferidas sobre as habilidades comunicativas em sala de aula.


ABSTRACT Purpose Describe the self-referred personal behavior profiles of university professors and verify the association of these profiles with the self-assessment of communicative aspects and vocal symptoms. Methods Study conducted with 334 professors at a public university who responded to an online questionnaire regarding voice use in teaching practice. Personal behavior profile classification was the response variable, which was divided into four types: pragmatic, analytical, expressive and affable. Explanatory variables were vocal self-perception, vocal resources, and communicative aspects. Descriptive data analysis was performed with application of the Pearson's Chi-squared and Fisher's Exact tests. Results University professors identified themselves more with the affable and expressive personal behavior profiles. Overall, professors presented good self-perception about vocal and communicative aspects, in addition to having reported few vocal symptoms. Profiles differed for some of the assessed variables, namely, pragmatic professors reported high speech velocity and sporadic eye contact; expressive professors demonstrated self-perception about their voice and strong voice intensity; those in the analytical profile self-reported negative perception about vocal quality, weak voice intensity, poor articulation and rapid speaking rate; the other professors mostly reported voice tiredness symptoms and difficulty projecting the voice. Conclusion University professors identify themselves mostly with the affable and expressive profiles. Self-perception analysis of the personal behavior profile in university professors showed the influence of self-reported personality characteristics on communicative skills in the classroom.

10.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2365, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142393

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a suspeição de alteração vocal em idosos ativos e a associação com aspectos sociodemográficos, hábitos de vida relacionados à voz e desvantagem vocal. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal realizado com 254 idosos usuários de academias públicas do município de Belo Horizonte (MG). A coleta de dados incluiu uma entrevista, contendo informações sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida relacionados à voz e autorrelato de rouquidão, além da aplicação dos protocolos Índice de Desvantagem Vocal (IDV-10) e Rastreamento de Alteração Vocal em Idosos (RAVI). O resultado do RAVI foi considerado a variável resposta. Os dados foram submetidos à análise descritiva e de associação, por meio dos testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta (nível de significância de 5%). Resultados Verificou-se que a maioria dos idosos era do sexo feminino (83,5%), na faixa etária de 60 a 70 anos (65,4%), aposentada (84,9%) e sem companheiros (61,8%). Segundo o protocolo RAVI, 44,5% dos idosos apresentaram suspeição de alteração vocal. Na análise multivariada, as variáveis autorrelato de rouquidão e desvantagem vocal apresentaram associação com a suspeição de alteração vocal mensurada pelo RAVI. Conclusão Foi elevada a suspeição de alteração vocal em idosos ativos, sendo maior entre os idosos com autorrelato de rouquidão e com desvantagem vocal.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify suspected vocal alterations in active elderly and its association with sociodemographic, voice-related lifestyle habits and vocal handicap aspects. Methods Cross-sectional observational study conducted with 254 elderly users of public health gyms in Belo Horizonte municipality. Data collection included an interview containing sociodemographic information, voice-related life habits and hoarseness self-report, in addition to the application of protocols: vocal handicap index (IDV-10) and screening for voice disorders (RAVI in Portuguese). The result of RAVI was considered the outcome variable. The data were subject to descriptive and association analysis using Pearson's Chi-square and Poisson Regression tests with Robust variance (5% significance level). Results It was found that the majority of the elderly are female (83.5%), aged 60 to 70 years (65.4%), retired (84.9%) and without a partner (61.8%). According to the RAVI protocol, 44.5% of them are suspected of voice alteration. Through multivariate analysis, the self-reported variables of hoarseness and vocal handicap showed association with suspected vocal changes measured by RAVI. Conclusion The vocal alteration suspicion was high in the elderly actives. The suspicion of vocal alteration was higher among the elderly with self-reported hoarseness and with vocal handicap.

11.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190063, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the perception of loud noise in basic education schools in Brazil and the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a representative national sample of teachers. The data collection was conducted with 6,510 teachers from October 2015 to March 2016. All teachers answered a telephone questionnaire with questions related to health and working conditions. The measure of association was prevalence ratio, estimated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported loud occupational noise was 33.0%. There was a positive association in the outcome of classroom disturbance reports (PR = 3.41; 95%CI 3.07 - 3.75), feeling of working under high-pressure levels (PR = 1.33; 95%CI 1.22-1.45), having suffered verbal abuse from students (PR = 1.21; 95%CI 1.11-1.31), teaching in different teaching modalities (PR = 1.21; 95%CI 1.02-1.42), more than 30 active teachers in the school (PR = 1.28; 95%CI 1.07-1.54). The teachers who reported a pleasant school environment (PR = 0.81; 95%CI 0.75-0.87), along with the teachers who worked in rural areas (PR = 0.84; 95%CI 0.75-0.95), experienced less noise at work. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of loud noise perception in Brazilian schools reached high levels and showed statistical significance with the characteristics of schools and teacher's work environment. These results demonstrate the need for developing public policies that take into consideration the reduction of noise levels in schools.


Assuntos
Ruído Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais , Prevalência , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180163, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664370

RESUMO

This research had the objective of reporting a clinical case in which the rehabilitation of tongue strength with biofeedback strategy was performed. This case report addresses a 20-year-old patient whose orofacial myofunctional evaluation revealed a severe decrease in the force of the anterior third of the tongue and changes in lingual mobility and coordination. The measurement of tongue pressure was performed using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI) during elevation, protrusion and lateralization, and it was verified a reduction in the values ​​obtained in all measured directions, compared with normality patterns. We performed 11 sessions of therapy, with weekly frequency, using a biofeedback strategy that consisted of computer games controlled by the tongue. An instrument embedded in the oral cavity functioned as a joystick as the input method for specific digital games. The patient performed at home the isometric exercises of pressing the tip of the tongue against a spatula, exaggerated retraction of tongue, tongue tapering, and isotonic exercise of touching the commissures and lips alternately, daily. After eight sessions, in relation to the elevation pressure, there was an improvement of 28.6% for the apex and 7.1% for the dorsum. As for protrusion, there was an improvement of 123.5%. In the measurements of left and right lateralization, the values ​​increased 53.8% and 7.4%, respectively. After twelve sessions, it was observed an improvement of 35.7%, 7.4%, 164%, 76.9% and 40.7% in relation to the initial evaluation, for apex elevation, dorsum elevation, protrusion, and lateralization to left and right, respectively. Despite the increase, values ​​recommended in the literature as normal for sex and age were not reached after 12 therapy sessions.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Força Muscular , Língua/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Biorretroalimentação Psicológica , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício/instrumentação , Paralisia Facial/complicações , Paralisia Facial/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Codas ; 31(6): e20180266, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence of fear of public speaking and verify its association with sociodemographic variables, self-perception of voice, speech, and oral communication skills in public. METHODS: A cross-sectional and analytical study with 1,124 university students was carried out. An online questionnaire addressed was performed, considering factors as sociodemographic characteristics; fear of speaking; Scale for Self-Assessment When Speaking in Public (SSPS), self-perception of the voice, the ability to grasp, and keep the listener's attention and influence another. RESULTS: The fear of public speaking was prevalent in undergraduate students. There was an association of the fear of speaking with the vocal self-perception, with the ability to capture and keep the listener's attention and to influence another with their communication. Individuals who have the ability to capture and maintain the attention of the interlocutor are more likely to be afraid of public speaking than the undergraduate students who perceive themselves as having the ability to influence the listener with their communication. CONCLUSION: The more communicative skills and more persuasive the individual perceives his or her self, the less likely he or she is to be affected by the fear of speaking.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Fala , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação Persuasiva , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Voz , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e00179617, 2019 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066750

RESUMO

The study aimed to analyze the relationship between health, work characteristics, education, and skills on the work ability of teachers in basic education in Brazil. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study using data from the Brazilian National Survey on Health, Work Conditions, and Absences in Schoolteachers in Basic Education (Educatel Study). A probabilistic sample of 6,510 teachers answered a telephone interview in 2015 with questions on sociodemographic data, health status, education and skills, work characteristics, and absenteeism. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used in multivariate analysis and standardized coefficients (SC) were calculated to analyze direct and indirect effects between the outcomes. Health status showed a direct effect on work ability (SC = -0.83, p < 0.01). Work characteristics directly affected health status (SC = 0.60, p < 0.01) and work ability (SC = -0.25, p < 0.05), especially noise at work and students' unruliness. Total effect (sum of direct and indirect effects) of work characteristics on work ability was -0.75 (p < 0.01). The study concluded that the relations between health status and work characteristics of Brazilian teachers in basic education are complex and negatively affect work ability. Potential actions to promote and maintain work ability should take into account the psychosocial demands of teaching and measures to maintain order and discipline in the classroom.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Satisfação no Emprego , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e00108618, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994816

RESUMO

The Educatel Study 2015/2016 was designed to evaluate health and work conditions in a representative sample of the 2,220,000 schoolteachers working in Basic Education in Brazil. The article aimed to describe the telephone survey's basis and design, using a questionnaire consisting of 54 short, simple questions, most of which with multiple-choice answers (closed questions) addressing diseases, accidents, absenteeism, frequency of healthy behaviors, physical and psychosocial environment, and employment characteristics. In the pilot stage, the multi-theme questionnaire was assessed in order to verify the effects of the terminology, the format of the questions and the multiple-choice answers, the questionnaire's internal organization, production of the answers, and duration of the interview. The interviewers' training and follow-up and listening of the calls in real time aimed to identify communications problems. The teachers were interviewed at school after prior contact with the school assistant to set appointments. The advantages and risks of biases related to the telephone interview modality should be considered to interpret the results. The results on the teachers' profile, illnesses, and school environment will provide inputs for elaborating inter-sector measures to improve the target group's health, which is related to Brazil's school system indicators based on the concepts presented here.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Saúde do Trabalhador , Professores Escolares , Absenteísmo , Acidentes , Brasil , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Masculino , Amostragem , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
17.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e00171717, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994819

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and duration of work absenteeism due to voice disorders in Brazilian schoolteachers and the association with work-related factors and health status. This was a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 6,510 female and male schoolteachers in basic education, from October 2015 to March 2016. The dependent variable was the teacher's report of some work absence due to a voice problem in the previous 12 months. The independent variables related to work conditions and health status. A descriptive analysis was performed of the prevalence and duration of work absences due to voice problems. The association between the target event and the other variables was measured as the prevalence ratio with 95% confidence intervals, using Poisson regression. The main reason for teachers missing classroom work was voice disorders (17.7%), and most absences (78%) were short (seven days or less). In the final multivariate model adjusted by gender, higher prevalence of absence due to voice disorders was associated with schoolteachers in the North and Northeast of Brazil, longer time commuting to and from work, self-report of occupational disease, visit to health services, and report of psychological and respiratory problems during the same 12-month period. There was a high prevalence of short work absences due to voice problems, associated with comorbidities. Macrostructural factors suggest the social nature of the illness process and work absenteeism in Brazilian schoolteachers.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios da Voz/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Censos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e00188317, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994821

RESUMO

The study sought to identify the prevalence of voice-related problems teaching basic education teachers and to analyze their association with the practice of physical activity. We used data from a phone survey of a representative sample (n = 6,510) of Educatel Study carried out between October 2015 and March 2016. The main data of this study were self-referred voice-related problems teaching, leisure-time physical activity (defined according to its intensity, duration and frequency) and potential confounding variables. The data was analyzed using Poisson regression models with robust variance. Around one fifth of teachers (20.5%) reported having had voice-related problems teaching, while approximately one third reported sufficient leisure-time physical activity (≥ 150 minutes/week) (37.8%). Both recommended physical activity volume and five or more days of physical activity per week (regardless of total volume) were inversely associated with voice-related problems teaching, both in bivariate models and in models adjusted for confounding variables (sex, age and working hours). Basic Education teachers have a high prevalence of voice-related problems teaching. Sufficient leisure-time physical activity and exercising five or more days a week are potential protective factors for reducing this problem.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Atividade Motora , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Distúrbios da Voz/prevenção & controle , Absenteísmo , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distúrbios da Voz/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 147-154, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970126

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of life of children with poor school performance and its association with behavioral aspects and hearing abilities. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study, developed in a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, investigated a random sample of public school children, aged 7-12 years old, who performed poorly in school and received specialized educational assistance. The study comprised two stages: 1) collection of data from parents on their children's health, educational, and socioeconomic profile, and from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) administration of a quality of life evaluation scale to the schoolchildren. For the assessment of auditory function, transient otoacoustic emissions were used and auditory processing was tested. The following tests were used: verbal sequential memory, nonverbal sequential memory, sound localization, dichotic digits, duration pattern test (flute) and random gap detection. The collected data were analyzed using Excel and STATA 11.0 software. Quality of life was considered the response variable. The explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with the level of significance set at 5%. RESULTS: A statistically significant association was found between impaired quality of life, altered pro-social behavior, and the absence of parental complaints about the children's written language development. CONCLUSIONS: Quality of life is impaired in children with poor school performance. The lack of parental complaints about written language and changes in social behavior increased the likelihood of a child having a poor quality of life.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Audição/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Baixo Rendimento Escolar , Brasil , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/fisiopatologia , Perda Auditiva/psicologia , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/fisiopatologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/psicologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Comportamento Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 147-154, Mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001339

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of life of children with poor school performance and its association with behavioral aspects and hearing abilities. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study, developed in a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, investigated a random sample of public school children, aged 7-12 years old, who performed poorly in school and received specialized educational assistance. The study comprised two stages: 1) collection of data from parents on their children's health, educational, and socioeconomic profile, and from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) administration of a quality of life evaluation scale to the schoolchildren. For the assessment of auditory function, transient otoacoustic emissions were used and auditory processing was tested. The following tests were used: verbal sequential memory, nonverbal sequential memory, sound localization, dichotic digits, duration pattern test (flute) and random gap detection. The collected data were analyzed using Excel and STATA 11.0 software. Quality of life was considered the response variable. The explanatory variables were grouped for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with the level of significance set at 5%. Results: A statistically significant association was found between impaired quality of life, altered pro-social behavior, and the absence of parental complaints about the children's written language development. Conclusions: Quality of life is impaired in children with poor school performance. The lack of parental complaints about written language and changes in social behavior increased the likelihood of a child having a poor quality of life.


RESUMO Investigar a qualidade de vida de crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade com mau desempenho escolar e a associação com as características comportamentais e habilidades auditivas. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal realizado com crianças de 7 a 12 anos de idade, com mau desempenho escolar das escolas públicas municipais de uma cidade do interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil, participantes de atendimentos educacionais especializados. Etapas: 1) coleta de informações com os pais sobre a saúde, perfil escolar e socioeconômico e preenchimento do Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; 2) etapa com as crianças para aplicação da Escala de Avaliação da Qualidade de Vida. Para a avaliação da função auditiva foram utilizadas as Emissões Otoacústicas Transientes e a avaliação do processamento auditivo, sendo os testes aplicados: teste de memória de sons verbais em sequência, teste de memória de sons não verbais em sequência, localização sonora, teste dicótico de dígitos, teste de padrão de duração (flauta) e Random Gap Detection. Os dados coletados foram analisados por meio dos programas Excel e STATA 11.0. Foi considerada como variável resposta a qualidade de vida e as variáveis explicativas foram agrupadas para análise de regressão logística uni e multivariada, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foi encontrada associação estatística entre qualidade de vida prejudicada, comportamento pró-social alterado e ausência de queixa parental de linguagem escrita. Conclusão: A qualidade de vida está comprometida nas crianças com mau desempenho escolar. A ausência de queixa sobre o desenvolvimento da linguagem escrita e comportamento pró-social alterado aumentaram a chance de a criança apresentar qualidade de vida prejudicada.

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