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1.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 37(2)2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a nursing intervention, based on the motivational interview, to diminish preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery. METHODS: Preventive type controlled and randomized clinical trial, on a sample of 56 patients programmed for knee replacement surgery in a clinic in Girardot (Colombia). Random assignment was made: an intervention group (n=28) and a control group (n=28). The six-question Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale was applied before and after the intervention. The scale has a total score ranging from 5 to 30; the higher the score, the greater the preoperative anxiety. The nursing intervention was conducted in three sessions of motivational interview each lasting 40 min, during the six weeks prior to the surgical procedure; the control group received conventional management of education in the health institution. RESULTS: The mean score of preoperative anxiety was equal in the pre-intervention evaluation in both groups (19.76 in the experimental versus 22.02 in the control =22.02; p<0.226), while during the post-intervention, the anxiety score was lower in the intervention group compared with the control group (15.56 and 20.30, respectively; p <0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Nursing intervention based on the motivational interview was effective in diminishing preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery.

2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 37(2): [E07], 15-06-2019. Fig 1, Tab 1, Tab 2
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1007626

RESUMO

Abstract Objective. This work was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a nursing intervention, based on the motivational interview, to diminish preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery. Methods. Preventive type controlled and randomized clinical trial, on a sample of 56 patients programmed for knee replacement surgery in a clinic in Girardot (Colombia). Random assignment was made: an intervention group (n=28) and a control group (n=28). The six-question Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale was applied before and after the intervention. The scale has a total score ranging from 5 to 30; the higher the score, the greater the preoperative anxiety. The nursing intervention was conducted in three sessions of motivational interview each lasting 40 min, during the six weeks prior to the surgical procedure; the control group received conventional management of education in the health institution. Results. The mean score of preoperative anxiety was equal in the pre-intervention evaluation in both groups (19.76 in the experimental versus 22.02 in the control =22.02; p<0.226), while during the post-intervention, the anxiety score was lower in the intervention group compared with the control group (15.56 and 20.30, respectively; p<0.013). Conclusion. Nursing intervention based on the motivational interview was effective in diminishing preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery.


Resumen Objetivo. Determinar la efectividad de una intervención de enfermería basada en la entrevista motivacional, para disminuir la ansiedad preoperatoria en pacientes programados para cirugía de reemplazo de rodilla. Métodos. Ensayo clínico controlado y aleatorizado tipo preventivo, en una muestra de 56 pacientes programados para cirugía de remplazo de rodilla en una clínica en Girardot (Colombia). Se asignaron en forma aleatoria: un grupo de intervención (n=28) y un grupo de control (n=28). Antes y después de la intervención, se aplicó la escala de seis preguntas, APAIS (The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale), la cual tiene un puntaje total que va de 5 a 30: a más puntaje, mayor la ansiedad preoperatoria. La intervención de enfermería se desarrolló en 3 sesiones de entrevista motivacional con una duración de 40 minutos, durante las 6 semanas anteriores a la realización del procedimiento quirúrgico. El grupo de control recibió el manejo convencional de educación en la institución de salud. Resultados. La media del puntaje de ansiedad preoperatoria fue igual en la evaluación preintervención en los dos grupos (19.76 en el experimental versus 22.02 en el control = 22.02; p<0.226), mientras que en la posintervención el puntaje de ansiedad fue menor en el grupo de intervención comparado con el grupo control (15.56 y 20.30, respectivamente; p<0.013). Conclusión. La intervención de enfermería basada en la entrevista motivacional fue efectiva en la disminución de la ansiedad preoperatoria en pacientes programados para cirugía de reemplazo de rodilla.


Resumo Objetivo. Determinar a efetividade de uma intervenção de enfermagem baseada na entrevista motivacional, para diminuir a ansiedade pré-operatória em pacientes programados para cirurgia de prótese de joelho. Métodos. Ensaio clínico controlado e aleatorizado tipo preventivo, numa amostra de 56 pacientes programados para cirurgia de prótese de joelho numa clínica em Girardot (Colômbia). Foram designados em forma aleatória: um grupo de intervenção (n=28) e um grupo de controle (n=28). Se aplicou antes e depois da intervenção, a escala de seis perguntas, APAIS (The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale), a qual tem uma pontuação total que vá de 5 a 30 a mais pontuação, é maior a ansiedade pré-operatório. A intervenção de enfermagem se desenvolvimento em 3 sessões de entrevista motivacional com uma duração de 40 minutos, durante as 6 semanas anteriores à realização do procedimento cirúrgico; o grupo de controle recebeu o manejo convencional de educação na instituição de saúde. Resultados. A média da pontuação de ansiedade pré-operatória foi igual na avaliação préintervenção nos dois grupos (19.76 no experimental versus 22.02 no controle = 22.02; p<0.226), enquanto que na pós-intervenção a pontuação de ansiedade foi menor no grupo de intervenção comparado com o grupo controle (15.56 e 20.30, respectivamente; p<0.013). Conclusão. A intervenção de enfermagem baseada na entrevista motivacional foi efetiva na diminuição da ansiedade pré-operatória em pacientes programados para cirurgia de prótese de joelho.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ortopedia , Enfermagem Perioperatória , Grupos Controle , Artroplastia do Joelho , Entrevista Motivacional
3.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 65(2): 261-266, Apr.-June 2017. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896714

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción. Después de un infarto agudo de miocardio, los pacientes experimentan altos niveles de estrés emocional y ansiedad. Estas percepciones limitan sus comportamientos saludables. Objetivo. Determinar el nivel de autoeficacia general en pacientes post-infarto agudo de miocardio según la edad, género, estado de rehabilitación y atención en una unidad de cardiología en Girardot. Materiales y métodos. Investigación descriptiva, evaluada a través de la Escala general de autoeficacia versión ll, en una población de 149 personas entre los 35 y 65 años. Para el análisis estadístico de los resultados se utilizaron medidas estadísticas descriptivas y pruebas de correlación. Resultados. La edad de los participantes tuvo una media de 52 años. El análisis de la autoeficacia por grupo de edad evidenció incidencia mínima de la autoeficacia en el grupo de edad. Según el género, los hombres se percibieron más autoeficaces que las mujeres. Además, los pacientes que no asistieron a la rehabilitación cardíaca tuvieron un nivel de autoeficacia general ligeramente mayor en comparación con los rehabilitados. Conclusiones. No hubo relación entre la edad, el género y la rehabilitación frente al nivel de autoeficacia. Estas variables dependieron de otras diferentes a las del estudio.


Abstract Introduction: After an acute myocardial infarction, patients experience high levels of emotional stress and anxiety, which limit healthy behaviors. Objective: To determine the general level of self-efficacy in post-acute myocardial infarction patients according to age, sex, rehabilitation status and care in a cardiology unit of Girardot. Materials and methods: Descriptive study in which the general scale of self-efficacy version II was used in a population of 149 people aged between 35 and 65 years. Descriptive statistical measures and correlation tests were used to perform the statistical analysis of the results. Results: The average age of the participants was 52. The analysis by age group showed a minimal incidence. A sex analysis showed that men perceive themselves as more self-efficacious than women. In addition, patients who did not attend cardiac rehabilitation had a slightly higher overall self-efficacy rate compared to rehabilitated patients. Conclusions: There was no correlation between age, sex, and rehabilitation versus the self-efficacy level. In fact, these variables depended on others not considered in this study.

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