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1.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51937

RESUMO

[ABSTRACT]. Objectives. Mexico’s 2018 Report Card evaluates the opportunities available for Mexican children and youth to reach healthy levels of physical activity, sleep, and sedentary behavior. Methods. The Report Card is a surveillance system that gathers data from national surveys, censuses, government documents, websites, grey literature, and published studies to evaluate 16 indicators in four categories: Daily Behaviors; Physical Fitness; Settings and Sources of Influence; and Strategies and Investments. Data were compared to established benchmarks. Each indicator was assigned a grade from 1 – 10 (< 6 is a failing grade) or “incomplete” if data was insufficient/unavailable. Results. Daily Behavior grades were: Overall Physical Activity, 4; Organized Sport Participation, 5; Active Play, 3; Active Transportation, 5; Sleep, 7; and Sedentary Behavior, 3. Physical Fitness, received a 7. Settings and Sources of Influence grades were: Family and Peers, incomplete; School, 3; and Community and Environment, 4. Strategies and Investments were: Government Strategies, 6; and Non-Government Organizations, 2. Conclusion. Low grades in 11 of the 16 indicators indicate that schools, families, communities, and government need to work together to improve physical activity opportunities for children and youth in Mexico.


[RESUMEN]. Objetivos. El boletín de notas de México correspondiente al 2018 evalúa las oportunidades a disposición de la población infantil y joven mexicana para que puedan desarrollar niveles adecuados de actividad física y sueño, y disminuyan el sedentarismo. Métodos. El boletín es un sistema de vigilancia que recopila los datos obtenidos en las encuestas nacionales, censos, documentos gubernamentales, sitios web, literatura gris y estudios publicados con respecto al análisis de 16 indicadores en 4 categorías: comportamientos diarios, estado físico, entornos y fuentes influyentes, y estrategias e inversión. Los datos fueron cotejados con los puntos de referencia establecidos. A cada indicador se le asignó una calificación entre 1 y 10 (< 6 significa reprobado) o fue marcado como “incompleto” si los datos eran nulos o insuficientes. Resultados. Las calificaciones obtenidas para los comportamientos diarios fueron: actividad física en general: 4; participación en actividades deportivas organizadas: 5; juego activo: 3; modalidades de transporte activas: 5; sueño: 7; y sedentarismo: 3. El estado físico obtuvo un 7. Las calificaciones para los entornos y fuentes influyentes fueron: familiares y pares: “incompleto”; escuela: 3; comunidad y entorno: 4. Para las estrategias e inversión: estrategias gubernamentales: 6; entidades no gubernamentales: 2. Conclusiones. Las bajas calificaciones obtenidas en 11 de los 16 indicadores demuestran que las escuelas, las familias, las comunidades y el gobierno tienen que aunar esfuerzos para mejorar las oportunidades que tiene la población infantil y joven en México para desarrollar niveles de actividad física satisfactorios.


[RESUMO]. Objetivos. O Report Card de 2018 para o México avalia as oportunidades disponíveis para que crianças e jovens mexicanos atinjam níveis adequados de atividade física, sono e comportamento sedentário. Métodos. O Report Card é um sistema de vigilância que reúne dados de pesquisas nacionais, censos, documentos governamentais, websites, literatura cinzenta e estudos publicados para avaliar 16 indicadores em quatro categorias: Comportamentos Diários, Forma Física, Ambientes e Influências, e Estratégias e Investimentos. Os dados foram comparados com indicadores de referência estabelecidos. A cada indicador foi atribuída uma pontuação de 1 a 10 (pontuações abaixo de 6 indicam reprovação) ou "incompleta" se os dados fossem insuficientes/indisponíveis. Resultados. As pontuações para o Comportamento Diário foram as seguintes: atividade física geral: 4; participação em esportes organizados: 5; brincadeiras ativas: 3; transporte ativo: 5; sono: 7; comportamento sedentário: 3. A pontuação para a Forma Física foi de 7. As pontuações para Ambientes e Influências foram: família e amigos, incompleta; escola: 3; comunidade e ambiente: 4. As pontuações para Estratégias e Investimentos foram: estratégias governamentais: 6; organizações não-governamentais: 2. Conclusão. As pontuações baixas em 11 dos 16 indicadores indicam que as escolas, famílias, comunidades e o governo precisam trabalhar juntos para oferecer mais oportunidades de atividade física às crianças e jovens no México.


Assuntos
Aptidão Física , Saúde da Criança , Esportes Juvenis , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Promoção da Saúde , México , Aptidão Física , Saúde da Criança , Esportes Juvenis , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Promoção da Saúde , México , Aptidão Física , Saúde da Criança , Esportes Juvenis , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Promoção da Saúde
2.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228491, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032390

RESUMO

Latin Americans engage in physical activity (PA) in unique ways and use a wider range of places for PA than those commonly studied in high-income settings. We examined the contribution of a variety of places and domains of PA to meeting PA recommendations among a sample of adults (18-65 y) from all over Mexico. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017 (n = 3 686). Overall and domain-specific PA was measured using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Use of places for PA was self-reported. Places were classified as private or public. In 2018, associations between specific places and meeting PA recommendations (≥150 mins/week) were estimated using multivariate logistic regression models. In total 72.1% met PA recommendations. The proportion meeting recommendations through domain-specific PA was highest for leisure-time PA (50.0%), followed by travel-related (39.1%) and work-related (24.9%) PA. The most commonly reported places for PA were home (43%), parks (40.7%) and streets (39.4%) (public). Use of most public places was positively associated with meeting PA recommendations, mainly through travel-related PA (Streets OR 2.05 [95% CI 1.71-2.45]; Cycling paths OR 1.91 [1.37-2.68]). Using private places was more strongly associated with PA, mainly leisure-time PA (Gyms OR 9.66 [7.34-12.70]); Sports facilities OR 5.03 [3.27-7.74]). In conclusion, public and private places were important contributors to PA. While public places may be a powerful setting for PA promotion, increasing the equitable access for all to private places may also represent an effective strategy to increase PA among Mexican adults.

3.
J Acad Nutr Diet ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, can be prevented and treated through a balanced nutrient-rich diet. Nutrition labels have been recognized as crucial to preventing obesity and non-communicable diseases through a healthier diet. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the association between nutrition label use and chronic conditions (overweight, obesity, previously diagnosed diabetes, and hypertension) among an adult Mexican population. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study that used data from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey of 2016 (ENSANUT MC 2016). PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: The participants were 5,013 adults aged 20 to 70 years old. Older adults (>70 years), illiterate participants, pregnant women, and participants with implausible blood pressure data were excluded from the sample. The survey was conducted from May to August 2016 in the participants' households. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We measured chronic conditions (overweight, obesity, previously diagnosed diabetes, and hypertension). STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Pearson χ2 test was used to examine the associations among the use of nutrition labels and sociodemographic characteristics and chronic conditions. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the association between nutrition label use and chronic conditions adjusting for the effect of confounding variables like sex, age, body mass index, education level, marital status, ethnicity, residence area, region, and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: From the total sample, 40.9% (95% CI 38.4% to 43.8%) reported using nutrition labeling. Respondents with overweight or obesity were less likely to use nutrition labels (odds ratio 0.74; P<0.05). Participants who self-reported diabetes had significantly lower odds of nutrition label use than participants who did not report to have diabetes (odds ratio 0.66; P<0.05). Participants having 3 chronic conditions had lower odds of nutrition label use (odds ratio 0.34; P<0.01) relative to having zero chronic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an association between nutrition label use and chronic conditions (obesity and diabetes). These findings demonstrate that people with obesity, diabetes, and a combination of chronic conditions were less likely to use nutrition labels than people without these conditions.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091737

RESUMO

Open streets programs are free and multisectoral programs in which streets are temporally closed allowing access to walkers, runners, rollerbladers, and cyclists. The Move on Bikes program (by its name in Spanish Muévete en Bici) (MEB) consists of 55 km of interconnected streets in middle-high income areas of Mexico City. There is scarce evidence on the evaluation of this program in Mexico. The purposes of this study were to estimate the participation, physical activity levels among the MEB participants, and the association of the frequency of participation with sociodemographic, physical, and program characteristics. METHODS: From October 2017 to July 2018, six hundred seventy-nine MEB participants were surveyed using a questionnaire that contains sociodemographic, physical, and program characteristics. A wide-angle video camera was used to estimate the average speed of each activity per event per participant. Based on the information collected by the program authorities and survey interviews, we estimated the number of participants per event. RESULTS: On a typical MEB program day, 21,812 people participated. MEB program users accumulated an average of 221 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per typical Sunday and 88.4% accumulated at least 150 min of MVPA. In total, 29.6% of users attended the program every Sunday. Those who were more likely to attend the program frequently included: men, those aged 41 to 64 years old, users classified as very and sufficiently active, those that used active transportation to travel to the program, and participants that came alone. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that the MEB program adds an extra 71 min/week of MVPA to more than 20,000 users.


Assuntos
Exercício , Esportes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cidades , Participação da Comunidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Viagem , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nutrients ; 10(12)2018 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sodium intake is related to several adverse health outcomes, such as hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Processed foods are major contributors to the population's sodium intake. The aim of the present study was to determine sodium levels in Mexican packaged foods, as well as to evaluate the proportion of foods that comply with sodium benchmark targets set by the United Kingdom Food Standards Agency (UK FSA) and those set by the Mexican Commission for the Protection of Health Risks (COFEPRIS). We also evaluated the proportion of foods that exceeded the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) targets. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that comprised data collected from the package of 2248 processed foods from selected supermarkets in Mexico. RESULTS: Many processed food categories contained an excessive amount of sodium. Processed meats, ham, bacon and sausages, had the highest concentrations. The proportion of foods classified as compliant in our sample was lower for international targets (FSA UK and PAHO) compared to the Mexican COFEPRIS criteria. CONCLUSIONS: These data provided a critical baseline assessment for monitoring sodium levels in Mexican processed foods.


Assuntos
Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Fast Foods/normas , Sódio/análise , Estudos Transversais , Produtos da Carne , México , Política Nutricional/legislação & jurisprudência , Valor Nutritivo
7.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(3): 263-271, may.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-979133

RESUMO

Resumen: Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia y tendencias de actividad física (AF) en niños y adolescentes de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición (Ensanut) 2012 y Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de Medio Camino (Ensanut MC) 2016. Material y métodos: Se recolectó información sobre AF a partir del cuestionario de comportamientos en salud para niños en edad escolar (HBSC) en niños y el Cuestionamiento Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ) en adolescentes. Resultados: Más de 80% de los niños y 35% de los adolescentes en México no cumple con las recomendaciones de AF. En el periodo 2012-2016, las niñas y escolares de la zona rural mostraron un aumento en la participación en actividades organizadas y deportes. Conclusión: La prevalencia de AF es baja en niños y adolescentes y la tendencia no ha mejorado en los últimos seis años.


Abstract: Objective: To describe the prevalence and trends of physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents from Ensanut 2012 and Ensanut MC 2016. Materials and methods: Physical activity levels were obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) and the nternational Physical ActivityI (IPAQ) questionnaires for children and adolescents respectively. Results: More than 80% of the children and 35% of the adolescents in Mexico do not meet the PA recommendations. From 2012-2016, girls and schoolchildren in the rural area showed an increase in participation in organized activities and sports. Conclusion: The prevalence of PA is low in children and adolescents and the trend has not improved in the last six years.

8.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(3): 233-243, may.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-979140

RESUMO

Resumen: Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de hipertensión arterial (HTA) en adultos, el porcentaje de ellos con diagnóstico previo y la proporción que tuvo un control adecuado. Material y métodos: Se midió la tensión arterial a 8 352 adultos que participaron en la Ensanut MC 2016. Se clasificó como hipertensos a quienes reportaron haber recibido previamente el diagnóstico de HTA, o presentaban cifras de tensión arterial sistólica (TAS) ≥140mmHg o tensión arterial diastólica (TAD) ≥90mmHg. Se consideró tensión arterial controlada cuando la TAS <140mmHg y la TAD <90mmHg. Resultados: La prevalencia de HTA en adultos fue de 25.5%, de los cuales, 40.0% desconocían tener HTA. De los hipertensos que tenían diagnóstico previo de HTA y que recibían tratamiento farmacológico (79.3%), 45.6% tuvo tensión arterial bajo control. Conclusiones: Un alto porcentaje de adultos desconocen tener HTA y de ellos casi la mitad tiene un control inadecuado. Debería evaluarse la pertinencia de los actuales programas de diagnóstico de HTA y la efectividad de sus estrategias de control.


Abstract: Objective: To describe the prevalence, awareness and proportion of adults with an adequate control of hypertension. Materials and methods: Blood pressure was measured at 8 352 adults who participated in the Ensanut MC 2016. The adults who reported having diagnosis of hypertension or had systolic blood pressure values (TAS) ≥140mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (TAD) ≥90mmHg were classified as hypertensive. Hypertension was considered controlled when blood pressure was TAS <140mmHg and TAD <90mmHg. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 25.5%. Of these, 40.0% were unaware of having high blood pressure. Of the hypertensive adults who had previous diagnosis of hypertension and receiving drug treatment (79.3%), 45.6% had blood pressure under control. Conclusions: A high percentage of adults are unaware of having hypertension and nearly half have inadequate control. The relevance of current programmes for diagnosing hypertension should be assessed, as well as the effectiveness of their control strategies.

9.
Salud Publica Mex ; 60(3): 233-243, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29746740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, awareness and proportion of adults with an adequate control of hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood pressure was measured at 8 352 adults who participated in the Ensanut MC 2016. The adults who reported having diagnosis of hypertension or had systolic blood pressure values (TAS) ≥140mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (TAD) ≥90mmHg were classified as hypertensive. Hypertension was considered controlled when blood pressure was TAS <140mmHg and TAD <90mmHg. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypertension was 25.5%. Of these, 40.0% were unaware of having high blood pressure. Of the hypertensive adults who had previous diagnosis of hypertension and receiving drug treatment (79.3%), 45.6% had blood pressure under control. CONCLUSIONS: A high percentage of adults are unaware of having hypertension and nearly half have inadequate control. The relevance of current programmes for diagnosing hypertension should be assessed, as well as the effectiveness of their control strategies.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
10.
Salud Publica Mex ; 60(3): 263-271, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29746743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and trends of physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents from Ensanut 2012 and Ensanut MC 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physical activity levels were obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) and the International Physical Activity (IPAQ) questionnaires for children and adolescents respectively. RESULTS: More than 80% of the children and 35% of the adolescents in Mexico do not meet the PA recom¬mendations. From 2012-2016, girls and schoolchildren in the rural area showed an increase in participation in organized activities and sports. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of PA is low in children and adolescents and the trend has not improved in the last six years.


Assuntos
Exercício , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , México , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
11.
PLoS One ; 12(12): e0188518, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29194458

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329). Sedentary behavior questions from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire included time spent sitting on a weekday in the last week or on a Wednesday. Sitting time /day was divided into deciles, and participants in the highest decile (≥ 420 minutes/day) were classified within the high sitting category; others were classified in the low sitting time category. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical indicators, controlling for confounders and testing for potential interactions. RESULTS: A total of 13.7% (2006) and 14.8% (2015) adults were classified in the highest sitting time category (≥ 420 minutes/day). There was a significant increase in the average sitting time/day between the surveys (216.0 minutes in 2006 vs. 233.3 minutes in 2015, p < 0.001). In 2015, men, those aged 20-49 years, those in low-intensity jobs, students, and those with a high socioeconomic level were more likely to be in the highest sitting time category. Participants with overweight/obesity (OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.11, 5.09) and those with high glucose levels (survey finding) (OR = 2.34, 95% CI: 1.04, 5.25) were more likely to report sitting time in the highest category. DISCUSSION: Sitting time/day prevalence increased 8%, and average daily sitting minutes significantly increased by 8.2% (18 minutes) in the nine-year study period (2006-2015). Current public health policies should consider strategies not only for increasing physical activity levels, but also for reducing sitting time/day among the population as a measure to fight the growing epidemic of obesity and diabetes in Mexico.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Humanos , México , Prevalência
12.
Curr Opin Lipidol ; 27(4): 329-44, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27389629

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are today 11 mega-countries with more than 100 million inhabitants. Together these countries represent more than 60% of the world's population. All are facing noncommunicable chronic disease (NCD) epidemic where high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases are becoming the main public health concerns. Most of these countries are facing the double burden of malnutrition where undernutrition and obesity coexist, increasing the complexity for policy design and implementation. The purpose of this study is to describe diverse sociodemographic characteristics of these countries and the challenges for prevention and control in the context of the nutrition transition. RECENT FINDINGS: Mega-countries are mostly low or middle-income and are facing important epidemiologic, nutrition, and physical activity transitions because of changes in food systems and unhealthy lifestyles. NCDs are responsible of two-thirds of the 57 million global deaths annually. Approximately, 80% of these are in low and middle-income countries. Only developed countries have been able to reduce mortality rates attributable to recognized risk factors for NCDs, in particular high cholesterol and blood pressure. SUMMARY: Mega-countries share common characteristics such as complex bureaucracies, internal ethnic, cultural and socioeconomic heterogeneity, and complexities to implement effective health promotion and education policies across population. Priorities for action must be identified and successful lessons and experiences should be carefully analyzed and replicated.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Exercício , Estado Nutricional , Densidade Demográfica , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Arch Med Res ; 46(5): 328-38, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26135634

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the global burden of ACD and its risk factors and to discuss the main challenges and opportunities for prevention. Publicly available data from the Global Burden of Disease Study were analyzed for ischemic heart disease (IHD), ischemic stroke and ACD risk factors. Data from the WHO Global Health Observatory were used to describe prevalence of diverse cardiometabolic risk factors. World Bank Gross Domestic Product per capita (GDPc) information was used to categorize countries according to income level. Cardiovascular mortality decreased globally from 1990-2010 with important differences by GDPc; during 1990 there was a positive association between IHD mortality and GDPc. Higher-income countries had higher rates compared to those of lower-income countries. High levels of body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol have a differential contribution to mortality by income group over time; high-income countries have been able to reduce the contribution from these risk factors in the last 20 years, whereas lower/middle income countries show an increasing trend in mortality attributable to high BMI and glucose. Although age-adjusted ACD mortality rate trends decreased globally, the absolute number of ACD deaths is increasing in part due to the growth of the population and aging, as well as to important lifestyle and food-system changes that likely attenuate gains in prevention. Population and individual level preventable causes of ACD must be aggressively and efficiently targeted in countries of lower economic development in order to reduce the growing burden of disease due to ACD.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Prevalência , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco
14.
BMC Pediatr ; 15: 17, 2015 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25884408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity patterns during recess have been poorly described among adolescents. Physical activity levels could be captured the most accurately using a combination of instruments. The purposes of this study were to describe the physical activity patterns during school recess in a sample of 13-14 year old Mexican girls, to examine differences in these patterns as assessed using three physical activity measurement instruments and to understand the influence of body weight status on the observed associations. METHODS: The study population included seventy-two female adolescents from a private school in Mexico City. Three different instruments were used to monitor physical activity patterns during the recess break including an accelerometer, direct observation (SOFIT instrument), and a physical activity recall. Descriptive analyses were used to characterize physical activity patterns, and one-way ANOVA was used to examine differences across physical activity instruments. RESULTS: Based on the accelerometer data, more than 90% of the recess period was spent at a light or sedentary intensity. Based on SOFIT and recall, the two most frequent activities were standing and walking. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the three instruments for time spent in all physical activity intensities. CONCLUSION: The large amount of time spent in light and sedentary intensity activities during recess indicates the necessity to intervene upon this opportunity for adolescents to engage in more vigorous forms of physical activity.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Atividade Motora , Instituições Acadêmicas , Acelerometria , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Rememoração Mental , México , Observação , Comportamento Sedentário , Fatores Sexuais
15.
J Phys Act Health ; 12(8): 1088-95, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25247894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Travel to school offers a convenient way to increase physical activity (PA) levels in youth. We examined the prevalence and correlates of active commuting to school (ACS) in a nationally representative sample of Mexican adolescents. A secondary objective was to explore the association between ACS and BMI status. METHODS: Using data of adolescents (10-14 years old) from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 2952) we ran multivariate regression models to explore the correlates of ACS and to test the association between ACS and BMI z-score or overweight/obesity. Models were adjusted for potential confounders and design effect. RESULTS: 70.8% of adolescents engaged in ACS (walking: 68.8%, bicycling: 2.0%). ACS was negatively associated with travel time, age, mother's education level, household motor vehicle ownership, family socioeconomic status, and living in urban areas or the North region of the country (P < .05). Time in ACS was negatively associated with overweight/obesity: Each additional minute of ACS was associated with a 1% decrease in the odds for being overweight or obese (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Potential correlates of ACS that may result in benefits for Mexican adolescents are identified. More studies on this relationship are needed to develop interventions aimed at increasing PA through ACS in Mexico.


Assuntos
Ciclismo/fisiologia , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Transportes/métodos , Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Classe Social
16.
BMC Public Health ; 13: 1063, 2013 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24215173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyles such as unhealthy diets and the lack of physical activity have been contributed to the increased prevalence of obesity. In 2012, the world health organization published the first global recommendation for physical activity and health. People who do not meet at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity are considered to be physically inactive. The prevalence of physical inactivity worldwide is 31%, however there is insufficient data from prevalence and trends of physical inactivity in Mexican population. The purposes of this study are to describe the physical inactivity prevalence and recent trends in Mexican adults and to examine the association between physical inactivity with biologic and sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: Representative samples of 17,183 and 10,729 adults (aged 20 to 69 years) who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT) in 2006 and 2012, respectively. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed using the short form version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), which was administered in face-to-face interviews. Self-reported IPAQ MVPA levels were adjusted using an equation derived from a previous validation study. Participants were considered inactive if they engaged in <150-minutes/week of moderate physical activity or <75 minutes/week of vigorous physical activity according to WHO classification criteria. RESULTS: The prevalence of physical inactivity was significantly higher in 2012 (19.4%, 95% CI: 18.1, 20.7) than in 2006 (13.4%, 95% CI: 12.5, 14.5). Adults in the obese category, 60-69 age group, and those in the highest socioeconomic status tertile were more likely to be physically inactive. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of the Mexican adult population who do not meet the minimum WHO physical activity criteria has increased by 6% points between 2006 and 2012. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity, the aging of the population, and the shift in socioeconomic status in Mexico, physical inactivity could continue to increase in the coming years unless effective public health interventions are implemented.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Salud pública Méx ; 55(5): 484-491, Sep.-Oct. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-704787

RESUMO

Objective. To provide descriptive information on the screen time levels of Mexican children. Materials and methods. 5 660 children aged 10-18 years from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012) were studied. Screen time (watching television, movies, playing video games and using a computer) was self-reported. Results. On average, children engaged in 3 hours/day of screen time, irrespective of gender and age. Screen time was higher in obese children, children from the northern and Federal District regions of the country, children living in urban areas, and children in the highest socioeconomic status and education categories. Approximately 33% of 10-14 year olds and 36% of 15-18 year olds met the screen time guideline of ≤2 hours/day. Conclusions. 10-18 year old Mexican children accumulate an average of 3 hours/day of screen time. Two thirds of Mexican children exceed the recommended maximal level of time for this activity.


Objetivo. Describir los hallazgos sobre el tiempo frente a una pantalla en niños y adolescentes mexicanos. Material y métodos. Una muestra representativa de 5 560 niños y adolescentes (10-18 años) respondió la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2012 (ENSANUT 2012). El tiempo frente a pantalla incluyó ver televisión, películas, videojuegos y computadora. Resultados. Los niños y adolescentes pasan en promedio tres horas diarias frente a una pantalla. El porcentaje frente a pantalla fue mayor en obesos, pertenecientes a las regiones del norte y D.F., aquéllos que viven en áreas urbanas y de nivel socioeconómico y educativo alto. Aproximadamente 33% de los niños y 36% de los adolescentes cumplen con las recomendaciones internacionales de tiempo frente a pantalla (≤2 horas/día). Conclusiones. Los niños y adolescentes pasan en promedio tres horas diarias frente a una pantalla. Dos tercios de los participantes exceden las recomendaciones internacionales sobre tiempo ocupado en esta actividad.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Infantil , Microcomputadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Filmes Cinematográficos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Jogos de Vídeo/estatística & dados numéricos , México , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 34(1): 21-8, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24006016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the test-retest reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) among adults in Mexico. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of 267 adult factory workers in Mexico City. Participants were 19 - 68 years of age; 48% were female. Participants wore an accelerometer for 9 consecutive days and were administered the Spanish version of the short form IPAQ on two occasions (IPAQ1 and IPAQ2, separated by 9 days). The relation and differences between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) measures obtained from IPAQ1, IPAQ2, and the accelerometer were determined using correlations, linear regression, and paired t-tests. RESULTS: IPAQ1 and IPAQ2 measures of MVPA were significantly correlated to each other (r = 0.55, P < 0.01). However, MVPA was 44 ± 408 minutes/week lower in IPAQ1 than in IPAQ2, although this difference did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.08). The (min/week) measures from IPAQ1 and IPAQ2 were only modestly correlated with the accelerometer measures (r = 0.26 and r = 0.31, P < 0.01), and by comparison to accelerometer measures, MVPA values were higher when based on IPAQ1 (174 ± 357 min/week, P < 0.01) than for IPAQ2 (135 ± 360 min/week, P < 0.01). The percentage of participants who were classified as physically inactive according to the World Health Organization guidelines was 18.0% in IPAQ1, 25.1% in IPAQ2, and 28.2% based on the accelerometer. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to what has been observed in other populations, the short form IPAQ has a modest reliability and poor validity for assessing MVPA among Mexican adults.


Assuntos
Atividade Motora , Inquéritos e Questionários , Acelerometria , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Amostragem , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 34(1): 21-28, Jul. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-684689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the test-retest reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) among adults in Mexico. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of 267 adult factory workers in Mexico City. Participants were 19 - 68 years of age; 48% were female. Participants wore an accelerometer for 9 consecutive days and were administered the Spanish version of the short form IPAQ on two occasions (IPAQ1 and IPAQ2, separated by 9 days). The relation and differences between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) measures obtained from IPAQ1, IPAQ2, and the accelerometer were determined using correlations, linear regression, and paired t-tests. RESULTS: IPAQ1 and IPAQ2 measures of MVPA were significantly correlated to each other (r = 0.55, P < 0.01). However, MVPA was 44 ± 408 minutes/week lower in IPAQ1 than in IPAQ2, although this difference did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.08). The (min/week) measures from IPAQ1 and IPAQ2 were only modestly correlated with the accelerometer measures (r = 0.26 and r = 0.31, P < 0.01), and by comparison to accelerometer measures, MVPA values were higher when based on IPAQ1 (174 ± 357 min/week, P < 0.01) than for IPAQ2 (135 ± 360 min/week, P < 0.01). The percentage of participants who were classified as physically inactive according to the World Health Organization guidelines was 18.0% in IPAQ1, 25.1% in IPAQ2, and 28.2% based on the accelerometer. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to what has been observed in other populations, the short form IPAQ has a modest reliability and poor validity for assessing MVPA among Mexican adults.


OBJETIVO: Determinar la fiabilidad en aplicaciones repetidas (test-retest) y la validez de la versión abreviada en español del Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (CIAF) en adultos de México. MÉTODOS: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal de una muestra de conveniencia de 267 adultos que trabajaban en una fábrica de la ciudad de México. Los participantes tenían de 19 a 68 años de edad; 48% eran mujeres. Los participantes llevaron un acelerómetro durante nueve días consecutivos y se les administró la versión abreviada en español del CIAF en dos ocasiones (CIAF1 y CIAF2, con un intervalo de nueve días). Se determinó la relación y las diferencias entre las mediciones de la actividad física de moderada a vigorosa (AFMV) obtenidas mediante el CIAF1, el CIAF2 y el acelerómetro usando análisis de correlación y regresión lineal, y pruebas de la t para datos emparejados. RESULTADOS: Las mediciones de la AFMV mediante el CIAF1 y el CIAF2 se correlacionaron significativamente entre sí (r = 0,55, P < 0,01). Sin embargo, en el CIAF1 se obtuvo una AFMV inferior a la del CIAF2 en 44 ± 408 minutos/semana, aunque esta diferencia no alcanzó significación estadística (P = 0,08). Las mediciones en minutos/semana del CIAF1 y el CIAF2 solo se correlacionaron moderadamente con las mediciones del acelerómetro (r = 0,26 y r = 0,31, P < 0,01) y, en comparación con las mediciones del acelerómetro, los valores de la AFMV fueron mayores cuando se basaron en el CIAF1 (174 ± 357min/semana, P < 0,01) que en el CIAF2 (135 ± 360 min/semana, P < 0.01). El porcentaje de participantes que se clasificaron como físicamente inactivos según las directrices de la Organización Mundial de la Salud fue de 18,0% mediante el CIAF1, de 25,1% mediante el CIAF2 y de 28,2% mediante el acelerómetro. CONCLUSIONES: De manera análoga a lo observado en otras poblaciones, la versión abreviada del CIAF presenta una fiabilidad moderada y una validez deficiente para evaluar la AFMV en adultos mexicanos.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Atividade Motora , Inquéritos e Questionários , Acelerometria , Estudos Transversais , Hábitos , México/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Amostragem , População Urbana
20.
Salud Publica Mex ; 55(5): 484-91, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24626619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide descriptive information on the screen time levels of Mexican children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 5 660 children aged 10-18 years from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012) were studied. Screen time (watching television, movies, playing video games and using a computer) was self-reported. RESULTS: On average, children engaged in 3 hours/day of screen time, irrespective of gender and age. Screen time was higher in obese children, children from the northern and Federal District regions of the country, children living in urban areas, and children in the highest socioeconomic status and education categories. Approximately 33% of 10-14 year olds and 36% of 15-18 year olds met the screen time guideline of ≤ 2 hours/day. CONCLUSIONS: 10-18 year old Mexican children accumulate an average of 3 hours/day of screen time. Two thirds of Mexican children exceed the recommended maximal level of time for this activity.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Microcomputadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Filmes Cinematográficos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Jogos de Vídeo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Fatores de Tempo
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