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1.
Clin Trials ; 15(1_suppl): 23-26, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29452521

RESUMO

Over the past decade, clinical trial quality has evolved from an after-the-fact, reactive activity to one focused on the important work of evidence generation from well-designed trials. This article explores the role the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative has played in advancing quality as a core element of clinical trial design, through project work that initially focused on monitoring but evolved into a holistic, prospective, and comprehensive quality by design approach to clinical trial design and conduct.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Humanos , Liderança , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration
2.
Eur Heart J ; 38(21): 1632-1637, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28329235

RESUMO

Evidence generated from randomized controlled trials forms the foundation of cardiovascular therapeutics and has led to the adoption of numerous drugs and devices that prolong survival and reduce morbidity, as well as the avoidance of interventions that have been shown to be ineffective or even unsafe. Many aspects of cardiovascular research have evolved considerably since the first randomized trials in cardiology were conducted. In order to be large enough to provide reliable evidence about effects on major outcomes, cardiovascular trials may now involve thousands of patients recruited from hundreds of clinical sites in many different countries. Costly infrastructure has developed to meet the increasingly complex organizational and operational requirements of these clinical trials. Concerns have been raised that this approach is unsustainable, inhibiting the reliable evaluation of new and existing treatments, to the detriment of patient care. These issues were considered by patients, regulators, funders, and trialists at a meeting of the European Society of Cardiology Cardiovascular Roundtable in October 2015. This paper summarizes the key insights and discussions from the workshop, highlights subsequent progress, and identifies next steps to produce meaningful change in the conduct of cardiovascular clinical research.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Saúde Pública/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/normas , Cardiologia/educação , Cardiologia/ética , Difusão de Inovações , Revelação , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Segurança do Paciente , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/ética , Medição de Risco
3.
Clin Trials ; 13(4): 439-44, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27098014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stakeholders across the clinical trial enterprise have expressed concern that the current clinical trial enterprise is unsustainable. The cost and complexity of trials have continued to increase, threatening our ability to generate reliable evidence essential for making appropriate decisions concerning the benefits and harms associated with clinical interventions. Overcoming this inefficiency rests on improving protocol design, trial planning, and quality oversight. METHODS: The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative convened a project to evaluate methods to prospectively build quality into the scientific and operational design of clinical trials ("quality-by-design"), such that trials are feasible to conduct and important errors are prevented rather than remediated. A working group evaluated aspects of trial design and oversight and developed the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative quality-by-design principles document, outlining a series of factors generally relevant to the reliability of trial conclusions and to patient safety. These principles were then applied and further refined during a series of hands-on workshops to evaluate their utility in facilitating proactive, cross-functional dialogue, and decision-making about trial design and planning. Following these workshops, independent qualitative interviews were conducted with 19 workshop attendees to explore the potential challenges for implementing a quality-by-design approach to clinical trials. The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative project team subsequently developed recommendations and an online resource guide to support implementation of this approach. CONCLUSION: The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative quality-by-design principles provide a framework for assuring that clinical trials adequately safeguard participants and provide reliable information on which to make decisions on the effects of treatments. The quality-by-design workshops highlighted the value of active discussions incorporating the different perspectives within and external to an organization (e.g. clinical investigators, research site staff, and trial participants) in improving trial design. Workshop participants also recognized the value of focusing oversight on those aspects of the trial where errors would have a major impact on participant safety and reliability of results. Applying the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative quality-by-design recommendations and principles should enable organizations to prioritize the most critical determinants of a trial's quality, identify non-essential activities that can be eliminated to streamline trial conduct and oversight, and formulate appropriate plans to define, avoid, mitigate, monitor, and address important errors.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 50(4): 397-413, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227025

RESUMO

The Quality Management System (QMS) initiative of TransCelerate BioPharma Inc has identified potential benefits that could be captured from the development of a flexible, proactive clinical QMS conceptual framework for clinical research. Such a framework would aid organizations in seamlessly managing the complex clinical trial environment and, ultimately, in expediting delivery of needed treatments to patients. This article chronicles the evolution of a TransCelerate concept paper describing a proposed clinical QMS framework and reviews feedback from varied global clinical trial stakeholders during socialization of the concept paper. Many stakeholders recognized the potential for the concept paper to inform development of a harmonized International Council for Harmonisation (ICH) guideline, providing needed clarity from regulators on their expectations for QMS in the clinical realm. Accordingly, the article also describes TransCelerate's efforts to work with regulators to facilitate harmonization on this important topic and reviews ongoing work to develop additional tools and resources that may support organizations in evaluating whether and how they might translate the conceptual framework principles into practice.

5.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 49(5): 615-622, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227039

RESUMO

A quality management system (QMS) is an integrated framework through which organizations can systematically plan and achieve their quality objectives. While the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Q10 provides clear guidance for QMS in the pharmaceutical manufacturing sector, there is no harmonized regulatory guidance describing a framework that provides an enterprise-wide view of achievement of clinical quality objectives, that is capable of being customized to fit an organization's unique circumstances, and that accommodates the variability inherent in clinical development. In the absence of such guidance, clinical QMS varies dramatically across industry, sometimes resulting in over-engineered, cumbersome systems that are not adaptable or fit-for-purpose. This paper will describe the ongoing activities of a TransCelerate initiative developing a conceptual framework for a Clinical QMS designed to provide a consistent, streamlined, and proactive quality approach across all stages of clinical research.

6.
Clin Trials ; 11(2): 205-17, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24296321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Site monitoring and source document verification account for 15%-30% of clinical trial costs. An alternative is to streamline site monitoring to focus on correcting trial-specific risks identified by central data monitoring. This risk-based approach could preserve or even improve the quality of clinical trial data and human subject protection compared to site monitoring focused primarily on source document verification. PURPOSE: To determine whether a central review by statisticians using data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) by clinical trial sponsors can identify problem sites and trials that failed FDA site inspections. METHODS: An independent Analysis Center (AC) analyzed data from four anonymous new drug applications (NDAs) where FDA had performed site inspections overseen by FDA's Office of Scientific Investigations (OSI). FDA team members in the OSI chose the four NDAs from among all NDAs with data in Study Data Tabulation Model (SDTM) format. Two of the NDAs had data that OSI had deemed unreliable in support of the application after FDA site inspections identified serious data integrity problems. The other two NDAs had clinical data that OSI deemed reliable after site inspections. At the outset, the AC knew only that the experimental design specified two NDAs with significant problems. FDA gave the AC no information about which NDAs had problems, how many sites were inspected, or how many were found to have problems until after the AC analysis was complete. The AC evaluated randomization balance, enrollment patterns, study visit scheduling, variability of reported data, and last digit reference. The AC classified sites as 'High Concern', 'Moderate Concern', 'Mild Concern', or 'No Concern'. RESULTS: The AC correctly identified the two NDAs with data deemed unreliable by OSI. In addition, central data analysis correctly identified 5 of 6 (83%) sites for which FDA recommended rejection of data and 13 of 15 sites (87%) for which any regulatory deviations were identified during inspection. Of the six sites for which OSI reviewed inspections and found no deviations, the central process flagged four at the lowest level of concern, one at a moderate level, and one was not flagged. LIMITATIONS: Central data monitoring during the conduct of a trial while data checking was in progress was not evaluated. CONCLUSION: Systematic central monitoring of clinical trial data can identify problems at the same trials and sites identified during FDA site inspections. Central data monitoring in conjunction with an overall monitoring process that adapts to identify risks as a trial progresses has the potential to reduce the frequency of site visits while increasing data integrity and decreasing trial costs compared to processes that are dependent primarily on source documentation.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , United States Food and Drug Administration , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
Pediatrics ; 132(5): e1384-94, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24144710

RESUMO

The proven effectiveness of biologics and other immunomodulatory products in inflammatory rheumatic diseases has resulted in their widespread use as well as reports of potential short- and long-term complications such as infection and malignancy. These complications are especially worrisome in children who often have serial exposures to multiple immunomodulatory products. Post-marketing surveillance of immunomodulatory products in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus is currently based on product-specific registries and passive surveillance, which may not accurately reflect the safety risks for children owing to low numbers, poor long-term retention, and inadequate comparators. In collaboration with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), patient and family advocacy groups, biopharmaceutical industry representatives and other stakeholders, the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) and the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) have developed a novel pharmacosurveillance model (CARRA Consolidated Safety Registry [CoRe]) based on a multicenter longitudinal pediatric rheumatic diseases registry with over 8000 participants. The existing CARRA infrastructure provides access to much larger numbers of subjects than is feasible in single-product registries. Enrollment regardless of medication exposure allows more accurate detection and evaluation of safety signals. Flexibility built into the model allows the addition of specific data elements and safety outcomes, and designation of appropriate disease comparator groups relevant to each product, fulfilling post-marketing requirements and commitments. The proposed model can be applied to other pediatric and adult diseases, potentially transforming the paradigm of pharmacosurveillance in response to the growing public mandate for rigorous post-marketing safety monitoring.


Assuntos
Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sistema de Registros/normas , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration/normas
8.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 47(2): 161-166, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227529

RESUMO

The quality of a clinical trial can be assessed by whether the trial meets the needs of its various customers, as well as by its freedom from critical deficiencies or errors. In order to ensure the quality of a clinical trial, it is therefore important to conduct quality planning in parallel with the process to design and prior to the conduct of the trial. Quality planning consists of prospectively establishing quality goals and developing the products and processes required to deliver a quality trial. This article describes the quality planning process conducted by a pharmaceutical sponsor for a clinical trial and the pilot review of the resulting integrated quality management plan by the FDA. This pilot demonstrates the usefulness of this process to enable alignment between sponsors and regulators concerning quality in clinical trials.

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