Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 212
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 42: 99-102, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284104

RESUMO

This study investigated the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region variation in Middle Eastern populations (610 individuals from Lebanon, Jordan and the Kingdom of Bahrain) for which population data are scarce. FST comparison among populations revealed that there are significant differences in mtDNA distributions between Bahrain and the two other populations, while Lebanon and Jordan showed no significant differences. This was also reflected by the distribution of the observed lineages that differed prominently between Bahrain and the other two investigated populations. Jordan and Lebanon fit the hitherto known genetic results of the Levant population. Data are available via EMPOP (https://empop.online) and GenBank.

2.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209999

RESUMO

BRCA1 BRCA2 mutational spectrum in the Middle East, North Africa, and Southern Europe is not well characterized. The unique history and cultural practices characterizing these regions, often involving consanguinity and inbreeding, plausibly led to the accumulation of population-specific founder pathogenic sequence variants (PSVs). To determine recurring BRCA PSVs in these locales, a search in PUBMED, EMBASE, BIC, and CIMBA was carried out combined with outreach to researchers from the relevant countries for unpublished data. We identified 232 PSVs in BRCA1 and 239 in BRCA2 in 25 of 33 countries surveyed. Common PSVs that were detected in four or more countries were c.5266dup (p.Gln1756Profs), c.181T>G (p.Cys61Gly), c.68_69del (p.Glu23Valfs), c.5030_5033del (p.Thr1677Ilefs), c.4327C>T (p.Arg1443Ter), c.5251C>T (p.Arg1751Ter), c.1016dup (p.Val340Glyfs), c.3700_3704del (p.Val1234Glnfs), c.4065_4068del (p.Asn1355Lysfs), c.1504_1508del (p.Leu502Alafs), c.843_846del (p.Ser282Tyrfs), c.798_799del (p.Ser267Lysfs), and c.3607C>T (p.Arg1203Ter) in BRCA1 and c.2808_2811del (p.Ala938Profs), c.5722_5723del (p.Leu1908Argfs), c.9097dup (p.Thr3033Asnfs), c.1310_1313del (p. p.Lys437Ilefs), and c.5946del (p.Ser1982Argfs) for BRCA2. Notably, some mutations (e.g., p.Asn257Lysfs (c.771_775del)) were observed in unrelated populations. Thus, seemingly genotyping recurring BRCA PSVs in specific populations may provide first pass BRCA genotyping platform.

3.
Neurodegener Dis Manag ; 9(3): 123-133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166138

RESUMO

Aim: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe and rare X-linked neuromuscular childhood disorder that results in functional decline, loss of ambulation and early death due to cardiac or respiratory failure. The objective of this paper is to address different aspects of the current management of DMD in the Middle East, north Africa (MENA) region, and to gather experts' recommendations on how to optimally diagnose and treat patients suffering from this disease. Methods: A group of experts (neuromuscular medicine, neuropediatricians and geneticists) convened to discuss the diagnosis and management of DMD in the MENA region. A list of practical statements was prepared by the chair of the meeting to guide the discussions around critical aspects relating to the current and future management of DMD. Results & conclusion: Ideally, DMD management should be a multidisciplinary approach. Nevertheless, few tertiary care hospitals in the region are currently able to provide the full spectrum of medical expertise and services needed by DMD patients. Clinical practice in the region remains heterogeneous. Specific guidelines for diagnosis and treatment are needed in the MENA region to improve outcomes. Disease awareness among the general public and the medical community is lacking. Now that mutation-specific therapies are being developed and more widely studied, general education programs regarding early signs and symptoms, a standardized referral and diagnosis pathway, patient registries and support groups will significantly improve the management of the disease.

4.
Hum Mol Genet ; 28(14): 2378-2394, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090908

RESUMO

Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMNs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases, resembling Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndromes, but characterized by an exclusive involvement of the motor part of the peripheral nervous system. Here, we describe two new compound heterozygous mutations in VRK1, the vaccinia-related kinase 1 gene, in two siblings from a Lebanese family, affected with dHMN associated with upper motor neurons (MNs) signs. The mutations lead to severely reduced levels of VRK1 by impairing its stability, and to a shift of nuclear VRK1 to cytoplasm. Depletion of VRK1 from the nucleus alters the dynamics of coilin, a phosphorylation target of VRK1, by reducing its stability through increased proteasomal degradation. In human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived MNs from patients, we demonstrate that this drop in VRK1 levels leads to Cajal bodies (CBs) disassembly and to defects in neurite outgrowth and branching. Mutations in VRK1 have been previously reported in several neurological diseases affecting lower or both upper and lower MNs. Here, we describe a new phenotype linked to VRK1 mutations, presenting as a classical slowly progressive motor neuropathy, beginning in the second decade of life, with associated upper MN signs. We provide, for the first time, evidence for a role of VRK1 in regulating CB assembly in MNs. The observed MN defects are consistent with a length dependent axonopathy affecting lower and upper MNs, and we propose that diseases due to mutations in VRK1 should be grouped under a unique entity named `VRK1-related motor neuron disease'.

5.
Ann Neurol ; 86(1): 55-67, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease 4B1 and 4B2 (CMT4B1/B2) are characterized by recessive inheritance, early onset, severe course, slowed nerve conduction, and myelin outfoldings. CMT4B3 shows a more heterogeneous phenotype. All are associated with myotubularin-related protein (MTMR) mutations. We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study to better characterize CMT4B. METHODS: We collected clinical and genetic data from CMT4B subjects in 18 centers using a predefined minimal data set including Medical Research Council (MRC) scores of nine muscle pairs and CMT Neuropathy Score. RESULTS: There were 50 patients, 21 of whom never reported before, carrying 44 mutations, of which 21 were novel and six representing novel disease associations of known rare variants. CMT4B1 patients had significantly more-severe disease than CMT4B2, with earlier onset, more-frequent motor milestones delay, wheelchair use, and respiratory involvement as well as worse MRC scores and motor CMT Examination Score components despite younger age at examination. Vocal cord involvement was common in both subtypes, whereas glaucoma occurred in CMT4B2 only. Nerve conduction velocities were similarly slowed in both subtypes. Regression analyses showed that disease severity is significantly associated with age in CMT4B1. Slopes are steeper for CMT4B1, indicating faster disease progression. Almost none of the mutations in the MTMR2 and MTMR13 genes, responsible for CMT4B1 and B2, respectively, influence the correlation between disease severity and age, in agreement with the hypothesis of a complete loss of function of MTMR2/13 proteins for such mutations. INTERPRETATION: This is the largest CMT4B series ever reported, demonstrating that CMT4B1 is significantly more severe than CMT4B2, and allowing an estimate of prognosis. ANN NEUROL 2019.

6.
J Med Genet ; 56(9): 590-601, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subtelomeres are variable regions between telomeres and chromosomal-specific regions. One of the most studied pathologies linked to subtelomeric imbalance is facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD). In most cases, this disease involves shortening of an array of D4Z4 macrosatellite elements at the 4q35 locus. The disease also segregates with a specific A-type haplotype containing a degenerated polyadenylation signal distal to the last repeat followed by a repetitive array of ß-satellite elements. This classification applies to most patients with FSHD. A subset of patients called FSHD2 escapes this definition and carries a mutation in the SMCHD1 gene. We also recently described patients carrying a complex rearrangement consisting of a cis-duplication of the distal 4q35 locus identified by molecular combing. METHODS: Using this high-resolution technology, we further investigated the organisation of the 4q35 region linked to the disease and the 10q26 locus presenting with 98% of homology in controls and patients. RESULTS: Our analyses reveal a broad variability in size of the different elements composing these loci highlighting the complexity of these subtelomeres and the difficulty for genomic assembly. Out of the 1029 DNA samples analysed in our centre in the last 7 years, we also identified 54 cases clinically diagnosed with FSHD carrying complex genotypes. This includes mosaic patients, patients with deletions of the proximal 4q region and 23 cases with an atypical chromosome 10 pattern, infrequently found in the control population and never reported before. CONCLUSION: Overall, this work underlines the complexity of these loci challenging the diagnosis and genetic counselling for this disease.

7.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(2): 150-158, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614194

RESUMO

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominant multisystemic malformation syndrome due to mutations in five genes-NIPBL, SMC1A, HDAC8, SMC3, and RAD21. The characteristic facial dysmorphisms include microcephaly, arched eyebrows, synophrys, short nose with depressed bridge and anteverted nares, long philtrum, thin lips, micrognathia, and hypertrichosis. Most affected individuals have intellectual disability, growth deficiency, and upper limb anomalies. This study looked at individuals from diverse populations with both clinical and molecularly confirmed diagnoses of CdLS by facial analysis technology. Clinical data and images from 246 individuals with CdLS were obtained from 15 countries. This cohort included 49% female patients and ages ranged from infancy to 37 years. Individuals were grouped into ancestry categories of African descent, Asian, Latin American, Middle Eastern, and Caucasian. Across these populations, 14 features showed a statistically significant difference. The most common facial features found in all ancestry groups included synophrys, short nose with anteverted nares, and a long philtrum with thin vermillion of the upper lip. Using facial analysis technology we compared 246 individuals with CdLS to 246 gender/age matched controls and found that sensitivity was equal or greater than 95% for all groups. Specificity was equal or greater than 91%. In conclusion, we present consistent clinical findings from global populations with CdLS while demonstrating how facial analysis technology can be a tool to support accurate diagnoses in the clinical setting. This work, along with prior studies in this arena, will assist in earlier detection, recognition, and treatment of CdLS worldwide.

8.
BMC Med Genomics ; 12(1): 11, 2019 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The past few decades have witnessed a tremendous development in the field of genetics. The implementation of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies revolutionized the field of molecular biology and made the genetic information accessible at a large scale. However, connecting a rare genetic variation to a complex phenotype remains challenging. Indeed, identifying the cause of a genetic disease requires a multidisciplinary approach, starting with the establishment of a clear phenotype with a detailed family history and ending, in some cases, with functional assays that are crucial for the validation of the pathogenicity of a mutation. METHODS: Two hundred Lebanese patients, presenting a wide spectrum of genetic disorders (neurodevelopmental, neuromuscular or metabolic disorders, etc.), sporadic or inherited, dominant or recessive, were referred, over the last three and a half years, to the Medical Genetics Unit (UGM) of Saint Joseph University (USJ). In order to identify the genetic basis of these diseases, Whole Exome Sequencing (WES), followed by a targeted analysis, was performed for each case. In order to improve the genetic diagnostic yield, WES data, generated during the first 2 years of this study, were reanalyzed for all patients who were left undiagnosed at the genetic level. Reanalysis was based on updated bioinformatics tools and novel gene discoveries. RESULTS: Our initial analysis allowed us to identify the specific genetic mutation causing the disease in 49.5% of the cases, in line with other international studies. Repeated WES analysis enabled us to increase the diagnostics yield to 56%. CONCLUSION: The present article reports the detailed results of both analysis and pinpoints the contribution of WES data reanalysis to an efficient genetic diagnosis. Lessons learned from WES reanalysis and interpretation are also shared.

10.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423442

RESUMO

Joubert syndrome (JS) is an autosomal or X-linked recessive syndrome principally characterized by hypotonia, ataxia, cognitive impairment, and a specific finding on brain imaging called a "molar tooth sign" (MTS), which can be isolated or in conjunction with variable organ involvement. The genetic basis of JS is heterogeneous, with over 35 ciliary genes being implicated in its pathogenesis. However, some of these genes (such as PDE6D) have been associated to JS only in single families, seeking confirmation. Here we report a boy, born to first cousin parents, presenting with developmental delay, hypotonia, microcephaly, post axial polydactyly, oculomotor apraxia, and MTS. Whole exome sequencing revealed the presence of a novel homozygous truncating variant in the PDE6D gene: NM_002601.3:c.367_368insG [p.(Leu123Cysfs*13)]. The variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and found at the heterozygous state in both parents. A review of the literature pertaining to the role of PDE6D in JS is discussed.

11.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481285

RESUMO

FBXL3 (F-Box and Leucine Rich Repeat Protein 3) encodes a protein that contains an F-box and several tandem leucine-rich repeats (LRR) domains. FBXL3 is part of the SCF (Skp1-Cullin-F box protein) ubiquitin ligase complex that binds and leads to phosphorylation dependent degradation of the central clock protein cryptochromes (CRY1 and CRY2) by the proteasome and its absence causes circadian phenotypes in mice and behavioral problems. No FBXL3 related phenotypes have been described in humans. By a combination of exome sequencing and homozygosity mapping, we analyzed two consanguineous families with intellectual disability and identified homozygous LoF (loss-of-function) variants in FBXL3. In the first family, from Pakistan, an FBXL3 frameshift variant (NM_012158.2:c.885delT:p.(Leu295Phefs*25)) was the only segregating variant in five affected individuals in two family loops (LOD score: 3.12). In the second family, from Lebanon, we identified a nonsense variant (NM_012158.2:c.445C>T:p.(Arg149*). In a third patient from Italy, a likely deleterious non-synonymous variant (NM_012158.2:c.1072T>C:p.(Cys358Arg)) was identified in homozygosity. Protein 3D modeling predicted that the Cys358Arg change influences the binding with CRY2 by destabilizing the structure of the FBXL3, suggesting that this variant is also likely to be LoF. The eight affected individuals from the three families presented with a similar phenotype that included intellectual disability, developmental delay, short stature and mild facial dysmorphism, mainly large nose with a bulbous tip. The phenotypic similarity and the segregation analysis suggest that FBXL3 biallelic, loss-of-function variants link this gene with syndromic autosomal recessive developmental delay/intellectual disability.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the Catalogue of Transmission Genetics in Arabs, less than half of diseases reported in Lebanese patients are mapped. In the recent years, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) techniques have significantly improved clinical diagnosis, compared to traditional sequencing methods. METHODS: A total of 213 analyses by NGS (167 by whole exome sequencing (WES) and 46 by multigene panels tests) were performed on pediatric patients across different regions of Lebanon over a period of two years (December 2015-December 2017). RESULTS: Neurological disorders were the most frequent referral demand for both WES and gene panels (122/213). Pathogenic, likely pathogenic, or variants of unknown significance were identified in 69.5% of the WES and panel patients combined. Over half of the patients with such variants had an autosomal recessive disorder. A definite molecular diagnosis (pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants) was achieved in 34.1% and 47.8% of the patients studied by WES and the multigene panels, respectively. Thirty-three novel variants were found in the cases that were molecularly solved; 26 of these being identified by WES and seven by the multigene panels. In three consanguineous families, autosomal recessive inheritance of genes previously reported as showing dominant inheritance patterns were found. Biallelism was found in six cases, digenism in four cases, and one case was trigenic. CONCLUSION: Our study thus suggests that NGS tools are valuable for an improved clinical diagnosis, and highlights that the increased adoption of such techniques will significantly further improve our understanding of the genetic basis of inherited diseases in Lebanon.

13.
BMC Med Genet ; 19(1): 161, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cockayne Syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by neurological and sensorial impairment, dwarfism, microcephaly and photosensitivity. CS is caused by mutations in ERCC6 (CSB) or ERCC8 (CSA) genes. METHODS: Three patients with CS were referred to the Medical Genetics Unit of Saint Joseph University. Sanger sequencing of both ERCC8 and ERCC6 genes was performed: ERCC8 was tested in all patients while ERCC6 in one of them. RESULTS: Sequencing led to the identification of three homozygous mutations, two in ERCC8 (p.Y322* and c.843 + 1G > C) and one in ERCC6 (p.R670W). All mutations were previously reported as pathogenic except for the c.843 + 1G > C splice site mutation in ERCC8 which is novel. CONCLUSIONS: Molecular diagnosis was established in all patients included in our study. A genotype-phenotype correlation is discussed and a link, between mutations and some specific religious communities in Lebanon, is suggested.

14.
Hum Genet ; 137(9): 753-768, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167850

RESUMO

NALCN is a conserved cation channel, which conducts a permanent sodium leak current and regulates resting membrane potential and neuronal excitability. It is part of a large ion channel complex, the "NALCN channelosome", consisting of multiple proteins including UNC80 and UNC79. The predominant neuronal expression pattern and its function suggest an important role in neuronal function and disease. So far, biallelic NALCN and UNC80 variants have been described in a small number of individuals leading to infantile hypotonia, psychomotor retardation, and characteristic facies 1 (IHPRF1, OMIM 615419) and 2 (IHPRF2, OMIM 616801), respectively. Heterozygous de novo NALCN missense variants in the S5/S6 pore-forming segments lead to congenital contractures of the limbs and face, hypotonia, and developmental delay (CLIFAHDD, OMIM 616266) with some clinical overlap. In this study, we present detailed clinical information of 16 novel individuals with biallelic NALCN variants, 1 individual with a heterozygous de novo NALCN missense variant and an interesting clinical phenotype without contractures, and 12 individuals with biallelic UNC80 variants. We report for the first time a missense NALCN variant located in the predicted S6 pore-forming unit inherited in an autosomal-recessive manner leading to mild IHPRF1. We show evidence of clinical variability, especially among IHPRF1-affected individuals, and discuss differences between the IHPRF1- and IHPRF2 phenotypes. In summary, we provide a comprehensive overview of IHPRF1 and IHPRF2 phenotypes based on the largest cohort of individuals reported so far and provide additional insights into the clinical phenotypes of these neurodevelopmental diseases to help improve counseling of affected families.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Canalopatias/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Variação Genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Canais de Sódio/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Canalopatias/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
15.
Am J Hum Genet ; 103(3): 413-420, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122541

RESUMO

Flagella and motile cilia share a 9 + 2 microtubule-doublet axoneme structure, and asthenozoospermia (reduced spermatozoa motility) is found in 76% of men with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Nevertheless, causal genetic variants in a conserved axonemal component have been found in cases of isolated asthenozoospermia: 30% of men with multiple morphological anomalies of sperm flagella (MMAF) carry bi-allelic mutations in DNAH1, encoding one of the seven inner-arm dynein heavy chains of the 9 + 2 axoneme. To further understand the basis for isolated asthenozoospermia, we used whole-exome and Sanger sequencing to study two brothers and two independent men with MMAF. In three men, we found bi-allelic loss-of-function mutations in WDR66, encoding cilia- and flagella-associated protein 251 (CFAP251): the two brothers were homozygous for the frameshift chr12: g.122359334delA (p.Asp42Metfs∗4), and the third individual was compound heterozygous for chr12: g.122359542G>T (p.Glu111∗) and chr12: g.122395032_122395033delCT (p.Leu530Valfs∗4). We show that CFAP251 is normally located along the flagellum but is absent in men carrying WDR66 mutations and reveal a spermatozoa-specific isoform probably generated during spermatozoon maturation. CFAP251 is a component of the calmodulin- and radial-spoke- associated complex, located adjacent to DNAH1, on the inner surface of the peripheral microtubule doublets of the axoneme. In Tetrahymena, the CFAP251 ortholog is necessary for efficient coordinated ciliary beating. Using immunofluorescent and transmission electron microscopy, we provide evidence that loss of CFAP251 affects the formation of the mitochondrial sheath. We propose that CFAP251 plays a structural role during biogenesis of the spermatozoon flagellum in vertebrates.

16.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075207

RESUMO

We report a consanguineous family where 2 boys presented with developmental delay, hypotonia, microcephaly, seizures, gastro-intestinal abnormalities, osteopenia, and neurological regression. Whole exome sequencing performed in one of the boys revealed the presence of a novel homozygous missense variant in the EXT2 gene: c.11C > T (p.Ser4Leu). Segregation analysis by Sanger sequencing confirmed homozygous by descent autosomal recessive transmission of this mutation. Another family was previously reported with homozygous mutations in this gene in four siblings affected with a nearly similar clinical condition (Farhan et al., 2015). We discuss the similarities and differences between the two syndromes and propose AREXT2 as a new acronym for EXT2-related diseases.

17.
Electrophoresis ; 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869806

RESUMO

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are rare autosomal genetic diseases affecting the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. Since CDG-related clinical symptoms are classically extremely variable and nonspecific, a combination of electrophoretic, mass spectrometric, and gene sequencing techniques is often mandatory for obtaining a definitive CDG diagnosis, as well as identifying causative gene mutations and deciphering the underlying biochemical mechanisms. Here, we illustrate the potential of integrating data from capillary electrophoresis of transferrin, two-dimensional electrophoresis of N- and O-glycoproteins, mass spectrometry analyses of total serum N-linked glycans and mucin core1 O-glycosylated apolipoprotein C-III for the determination of various culprit CDG gene mutations. "Step-by-step" diagnosis pathways of four particular and new CDG cases, including MGAT2-CDG, ATP6V0A2-CDG, SLC35A2-CDG, and SLC35A3-CDG, are described as illustrative examples.

18.
Seizure ; 57: 32-33, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29547829

RESUMO

Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy (PDE) is a rare autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder. In the classical form, seizures are observed within the first month of life, while in the atypical form seizures appear later in life, sometimes as late as at the age of 3 years of life. Both types are unresponsive to conventional anticonvulsant therapy, but can be controlled with pyridoxine monotherapy. Mutations in the ALDH7A1 gene, encoding α-aminoadipic semialdehyde dehydrogenase have been reported to cause this disease in most patients. Here, we report on a boy with developmental delay, dysmorphic facial features, and uncontrolled episodes of seizures that appeared at the age of 18 months. By whole exome sequencing (WES) a homozygous missense mutation in ALDH7A1 (NM_001182: c.239T > G, p.V80G) was found. We discuss the importance of WES in such atypical cases.


Assuntos
Aldeído Desidrogenase/genética , Epilepsia/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Criança , Epilepsia/patologia , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo
19.
Eur Cytokine Netw ; 29(4): 127-135, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698144

RESUMO

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited autoinflammatory disorder. The caspase-1-dependent cytokine, IL-1ß, plays an important role in FMF pathogenesis, and RAC1 protein has been recently involved in IL-1ß secretion. This study aims to investigate RAC1 expression and role in IL-1ß and caspase-1 production and oxidative stress generation in FMF. The study included 25 FMF patients (nine during attack and remission, and 16 during remission only), and 25 controls. RAC1 expression levels were analyzed by real-time PCR. Ex vivo production of caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-6 and markers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, catalase, and glutathione system) were evaluated respectively in supernatants of patients' and controls' PBMC and PMN cultures, in the presence and absence of RAC1 inhibitor. RAC1 gene expression and IL-1ß levels were increased in patients in crises compared to those in remission or controls. RAC1 expression levels were correlated with MEFV genotypes, patients carrying the M694V/M694V genotype having a two-fold increase in the expression levels compared to those carrying other genotypes. Caspase-1 levels were higher in LPS-induced PBMC of patients in remission than controls. Spontaneous and LPS-induced IL-1ß production were comparable in patients in remission and controls, whereas LPS-induced IL-6 production was enhanced in patients, compared to controls. RAC1 inhibition resulted in a decrease in caspase-1 and IL-1ß, but not IL-6, levels. Malondialdehyde levels produced by LPS-stimulated PMNs were increased in patients in remission compared to those in controls, but decreased following RAC1 inhibition. Catalase and GSH activities were reduced in unstimulated PMN culture supernatants of patients in remission compared to controls and were increased in the presence of RAC1 inhibitor. These results show the involvement of RAC1 in the inflammatory process of FMF by enhancing IL-1ß production, through caspase-1 activation, and generating oxidative stress, even during asymptomatic periods.


Assuntos
Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pirina/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA