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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 69(6): 11-12, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study intended to estimate the comorbidities and risk factors among patients with hypertension in India. Further, the current practice of hypertension management was evaluated and the choice of therapy was assessed based on hypertension grade, risk factors, and comorbidities. METHODS: Electronic medical record data (June 2017-June 2019) of Indian adult hypertensive patients (≥140/90 mmHg) who had two blood pressure (BP) readings were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic characteristics, BP readings, comorbidities, medications and co-medications, and laboratory data were collected at baseline. Grids based on hypertension grade (I, II, and III), demographic factors, risk factors, and comorbidities were created and prescribed antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in each grid were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 100,075 patients, the proportion of patients in 18-40 year, 40-65 year, and >65 year age groups were 11.4%, 65.1%, and 23.4%, respectively. Proportion of men and women was similar (52.0% vs 47.9%). Proportion of patients with BMI <25 Kg/m2 was 8.1%, 25-29.9 Kg/m2 was 11.9%, and >30 Kg/m2 was 8.8%. Mean BP of patients with hypertension was: grade I (145.05/90.73 mmHg), grade II (160.07/95.64 mmHg), and grade III (180.82/102.76 mmHg). Mean low density lipoprotein (113.26 mg/dL), serum creatinine (2.28 mg/dL), mean HbA1c (8.7%) levels were highest among patients with grade III hypertension. Commonly observed comorbidities were type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM: 51.5%), dyslipidemia (36.4%), and chronic kidney disease (CKD: 4.4%). Top concomitant medications included anti-diabetic therapies (34.6%), drugs for dyslipidemia (30.0%), and anti-platelet therapies (6.9%). CONCLUSION: Most prescribed AHD monotherapies were angiotensin receptor II blockers (ARBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and most prescribed combination therapies were ARBs + diuretics and ARBs + CCBs. Telmisartan and amlodipine+telmisartan for patients with comorbid T2DM or dyslipidemia and metoprolol for those with coronary artery disease were the commonly prescribed AHDs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertensão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clobetasol propionate (0.05% standard dose formulation), a topical corticosteroid, leads to systemic side-effects like hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression at doses as low as 2 g/day. The aim of this study was to evaluate HPA axis suppression, efficacy, and safety of clobetasol propionate (0.025%, formulation 5 and 13) versus currently marketed 0.05% cream in Indian patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS: In this phase 2a investigator-blinded study, patients aged ≥ 18 years with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were randomized 1:1:1 to receive clobetasol propionate 0.025% formulation 5, or 13, or 0.05% cream; twice daily for 28 days. Safety endpoints included adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) test results at day 28 (primary), and local tolerability at each visit (burning/stinging/pruritus, secondary). Efficacy endpoints included Psoriasis Global Assessment (PGA) score. RESULTS: Overall, 88 patients received clobetasol propionate 0.025% formulation 5 and 13 (n = 29 for both) and 0.05% cream (n = 30). At day 28, the proportion of patients with an abnormal ACTH stimulation test (cortisol levels ≤ 18 µg/dl) was numerically lower in 0.025% formulations: 5 (20.7%) and 13 (17.2%) compared with 0.05% cream (30.0%), (p = 0.320). Decrease in burning/stinging /pruritus scores were comparable in all treatment groups and PGA success rates were higher with 0.025% formulations: 5 (38.9%) and 13 (36.8%) compared with 0.05% cream (30.8%). CONCLUSION: Clobetasol propionate 0.025% could be an effective treatment for moderate-to-severe psoriasis compared with 0.05% cream, demonstrating comparable efficacy with a better systemic safety profile. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: REF/2018/01/016779.

3.
Cardiol Ther ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830460

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of telmisartan has been reported in Indian clinical trials; however, real-world data are limited. We aimed to provide real-world evidence regarding the effectiveness of telmisartan as monotherapy or in combination with other antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in Indian patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: Electronic medical record data of adult patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (≥ 140/90 mmHg) and who were prescribed telmisartan as mono- or add-on therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified according to the number of AHD classes prescribed on initiating telmisartan. Change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) after a month of treatment and the proportion of patients who achieved treatment goals according to the 2018 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension guidelines were evaluated. RESULTS: A majority (90.6%) of the 1304 patients included in the study were on telmisartan monotherapy or telmisartan + 1 AHD. The mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) change in the telmisartan monotherapy group was SBP (-13.3 [-14.6, -12.0] mmHg) and DBP (-7.2 [-7.9, -6.5] mmHg), and the mean (95% CI) change in the telmisartan + 1 AHD group was SBP (-10.8 [-13.1, -8.5] mmHg) and DBP (-6.5 [-7.7, -5.3] mmHg) (P < 0.001 for all). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 35.9% and 47.3% of patients on telmisartan monotherapy and by 35.9% and 46.8% of patients on telmisartan + 1 AHD. Among patients with comorbid diabetes, the mean (95% CI) change in the telmisartan monotherapy group was SBP (-13.3 [-15.0, -11.6] mmHg) and DBP (-7.3 [-8.2, -6.5] mmHg), and the mean (95% CI) change in the telmisartan + 1 AHD group was SBP (-13.0 [-16.5, -9.5] mmHg) and DBP (-6.9 [-8.7, -5.1] mmHg) (P < 0.001 for all). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 31.7% and 39.7% of patients on telmisartan monotherapy and by 31.9% and 41.8% of patients on telmisartan + 1 AHD. CONCLUSION: Telmisartan may be a good candidate for blood pressure control in Indian patients with essential hypertension and comorbidities.

4.
Drugs Real World Outcomes ; 7(4): 281-293, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of amlodipine has been reported in clinical trials in India. However, real-world data on the effectiveness of amlodipine in India is limited. OBJECTIVE: To provide real-world evidence regarding the effectiveness of amlodipine as monotherapy or in combination with other antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in Indian patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: Electronic medical record data of adult patients who were diagnosed with essential hypertension (≥ 140/90 mmHg) and were prescribed amlodipine as monotherapy or add-on therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified based on the number of AHD classes prescribed on initiation of amlodipine. Change in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure from baseline was the primary endpoint. Evaluation of proportion of patients who achieved treatment goals as per 2018 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension guidelines was the secondary endpoint. Readings were obtained before initiating amlodipine and after at least a month of therapy with amlodipine. RESULTS: Among the 462 included patients, the majority (90.7%) were on amlodipine monotherapy or amlodipine + 1AHD. Mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) change in the amlodipine monotherapy group was: SBP (- 12.1 [- 14.9, - 9.3] mmHg) and DBP (- 7.5 [- 8.9, - 6.1] mmHg) and mean (95% CI) change in the amlodipine + 1AHD group was: SBP (- 17.8 [- 21.0, - 14.6] mmHg) and DBP (- 9.5 [- 11.0, - 8.0] mmHg) (P < 0.001 for all). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 31.4% and 42.9% of patients on amlodipine monotherapy and by 38.9% and 51.8% of patients on amlodipine + 1AHD, respectively. Among patients aged ≤ 45 years, mean (95% CI) change in the amlodipine monotherapy group was: SBP (- 11.7 [- 16.0, - 7.4] mmHg; P < 0.001) and DBP (- 7.2 [- 9.7, - 4.7] mmHg; P < 0.001) and mean (95% CI) change in the amlodipine + 1AHD group was: SBP (- 14.6 [- 21.9, - 7.3] mmHg; P < 0.05) and DBP (- 10.6 [- 14.8, - 6.4] mmHg; P < 0.01). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 35.4% and 33.8% of patients on amlodipine monotherapy and by 48.0% and 56.0% of patients on amlodipine + 1AHD, respectively. Among patients aged ≥ 65 years, mean (95% CI) change in the amlodipine monotherapy group was: SBP (- 13.9 [- 20.2, - 7.6] mmHg; P < 0.01) and DBP (- 8.5 [- 11.4, - 5.7] mmHg; P < 0.001) and mean (95% CI) change in the amlodipine + 1AHD group was: SBP (- 22.4 [- - 28.8, - 16.0] mmHg; P < 0.001) and DBP (- 10.8 [- 14.0, - 7.6] mmHg; P < 0.001). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 25.5% and 13.7% of patients on amlodipine monotherapy and by 29.8% and 14.0% of patients on amlodipine + 1AHD. CONCLUSION: Amlodipine prescribed as monotherapy or add-on therapy during routine clinical practice significantly reduced BP in ≤ 45- and ≥ 65-year-old Indian patients with mild to moderate hypertension, emphasizing that amlodipine may be a good candidate for BP control in Indian patients with essential hypertension in these age groups.

5.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(8): 66-72, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738844

RESUMO

Background: Real-world data on the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in India is limited. The present study aims to provide updated evidence regarding the effectiveness of olmesartan as monotherapy or in combination with other AHDs in Indian patients with essential hypertension. Methods: Electronic medical record data of adult patients who were diagnosed with essential hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and were prescribed olmesartan as mono- or add-on therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified based on the number of AHD classes prescribed on initiation of olmesartan. Change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) from baseline was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoint was evaluation of proportion of patients who achieved treatment goals as per 2018 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension guidelines. Readings were obtained before initiating olmesartan and after at least a month of therapy with olmesartan. Results: Among the 459 included patients, majority were on olmesartan monotherapy or olmesartan+1AHD (91.7%). Mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) change in olmesartan monotherapy group was: SBP (-13.4 [-15.7, -11.1] mmHg) and DBP (-8.3 [-9.5, -7.1] mmHg) and mean (95% CI) change in olmesartan+1AHD group was: SBP (-11.7 [-15.1, -8.3] mmHg) and DBP (-6.6 [-8.3, -4.9] mmHg) (P<0.001 for all). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 40.4% and 50.3% of patients on olmesartan monotherapy and by 36.1% and 46.2% of patients on olmesartan+1AHD. Among patients with comorbid diabetes, mean (95% CI) change in olmesartan monotherapy group was: SBP (-15.5 [-18.6, -12.4] mmHg) and DBP (-8.7 [-10.2, -7.2] mmHg) and mean (95% CI) change in olmesartan+1AHD group was: SBP (-13.5 [-18.3, -8.7] mmHg) and DBP (-7.6 [-9.8, -5.4] mmHg) (P<0.001 for all). SBP and DBP goals were achieved by 38.5% and 49.4% of patients on olmesartan monotherapy and by 31.7% and 42.9% of patients on olmesartan+1AHD. Conclusion: Olmesartan prescribed as mono- or add-on therapy during routine clinical practice significantly reduced blood pressure in Indian patients with essential hypertension as well as in patients with comorbid diabetes.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis , Índia , Olmesartana Medoxomila/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetrazóis/farmacologia
6.
Drugs Real World Outcomes ; 7(4): 271-279, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of gliclazide has been reported in clinical trials in India. However, real-world data on the effectiveness of gliclazide in India is unavailable. OBJECTIVE: To provide real-world evidence regarding the effectiveness of gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin fixed-dose combination or separate medications, used either as monotherapy or as the latest add-on to other antihyperglycemic agents in reducing glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Indian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Electronic medical record data of adult patients who were diagnosed with T2DM who were newly initiated on or had been prescribed gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin combination for < 30 days as monotherapy or as add-on therapy to other antihyperglycemic agents, and had HbA1c ≥ 6.5% were retrospectively analyzed. Mean change in HbA1c from baseline was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were assessment of dosages and formulations of gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin prescribed in the HbA1c spectrum and antihyperglycemic agents to which gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin was added as an adjunct. Readings were obtained before initiating gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin and after at least 90 days of treatment with gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin. RESULTS: Included patients (n = 498) were categorized into gliclazide only (n = 66), gliclazide + metformin only (n = 179), gliclazide add-on (n = 169), and gliclazide + metformin add-on (n = 84) groups. Mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) change in HbA1c among patients with baseline HbA1c > 7% was - 0.8% (- 1.26, - 0.34) in gliclazide only group; - 1.6% (- 1.89, - 1.31; p < 0.001) in gliclazide + metformin group; - 1.2% (- 1.50, - 0.90; p < 0.001) in add-on gliclazide group; and - 1.4% (- 1.75, - 1.05; p < 0.001) in add-on gliclazide + metformin group. Gliclazide once daily was the most prescribed regimen in the gliclazide only group (72.7%), with 60 mg being the most prescribed modified-release dose (62.5%). Gliclazide + metformin twice daily was the most prescribed regimen in the gliclazide + metformin group (69.3%) with 80 mg + 500 mg being the most prescribed immediate-release dose (62.9%). Gliclazide and gliclazide + metformin were most added as an adjunct to existing prescriptions of biguanides (83.4%) or insulin (64.3%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Gliclazide or gliclazide + metformin prescribed as mono- or add-on therapy during routine clinical practice effectively reduced HbA1c in Indian patients with T2DM, thus validating the use of gliclazide and gliclazide + metformin for managing T2DM in India.

8.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) ; 10(3): 469-479, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277388

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with androgenetic alopecia treated with alcohol-based minoxidil topical solutions often report local irritation, dryness, and redness of the scalp. We evaluate the in-use tolerance of 5% minoxidil novel formulation topical solution-test product (TP)-compared with 5% minoxidil alcohol-based topical solutions-reference product 1 (RP1) and reference product 2 (RP2)-in Indian men with androgenetic alopecia. METHODS: In this randomized double-blind study, patients aged ≥ 18 years with androgenetic alopecia were randomized 1:1:1 to apply TP, RP1, and RP2 twice daily for 30 days. The safety endpoints included mean hydration, mean redness, and mean scaling on scalp. RESULTS: All screened patients (N = 100) were enrolled and randomized to TP (n = 33), RP1 (n = 33), or RP2 (n = 34). At day 30, the mean (SD) hydration was significantly increased in patients treated with TP [9.74 (4.98)] but significantly reduced in patients treated with RP1 [3.28 (2.67)] or RP2 [3.03 (1.57)] (p-value 0.001). The mean (SD) score for redness was significantly decreased in the TP group [0.01 (0.04)], (p-value, 0.009) at day 30 compared with baseline, while no change was observed in the RP1 [0.08 (0.13)] or RP2 [0.11 (0.17)] group. After 30 days of treatment, no significant difference was observed in the mean score of scaling in any of the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Twice daily application of 5% minoxidil novel formulation for 30 days significantly improved hydration and reduced redness of the scalp. Hence, 5% minoxidil novel formulation could be a safer alternative in treating men with androgenetic alopecia who are sensitive to alcoholic formulations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry of India; CTRI/2018/11/016431.

9.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(3): 59-63, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138486

RESUMO

Introduction: Doxycycline acts against a broad range of gram-positive, gramnegative and 'atypical' bacteria as well as some protozoan pathogens such as malaria. In this era of increasing multidrug-resistance, recycling of old antimicrobials should be considered and need more focus in this domain of research. We, therefore, aimed to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of commonly isolated pathogens against doxycycline, azithromycin, cefuroxime, and amoxicillin from common clinical specimens by using laboratory-based diagnostic data from western India. Materials and Methods: The non-interventional retrospective study was conducted on secondary data extracted from multi-center diagnostic laboratory based in Mumbai, India. Susceptibility data of bacteria isolated from blood, urine, pus, and sputum were used in the study and culture positive samples were segregated. Antimicrobial susceptibility status of doxycycline was checked and compared with azithromycin, cefuroxime, and amoxicillin. Chi-square tests of significance were carried out to assess significant differences in susceptibility patterns. Association between variables was considered statistically significant if the p-value was <0.05. Results: Percentage susceptibility of collective bacterial isolates was found to be highest for doxycycline in all four specimens (93.1%). Individual percentage susceptibility was observed to be highest for sputum isolates (97.5%) followed by blood (93.8%), pus (92.7%) and urine (70.0%). The activity of doxycycline was found to be 93.5% for the samples resistant to azithromycin. Doxycycline also showed good susceptibility for the isolates resistant to amoxicillin and cefuroxime which was 75.9% and 64.8%, respectively. Conclusion: Several bacterial isolates from all four sources were found to be susceptible to Doxycycline. It has an important role in the form of a better alternative of major antimicrobial agents like azithromycin, cefuroxime, and amoxicillin against gram-positive cocci. Doxycycline appeared to show better activity against isolates which were resistant to other three antimicrobials.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Amoxicilina/farmacologia , Azitromicina/farmacologia , Cefuroxima/farmacologia , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Índia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) ; 9(3): 537-546, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201712

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is estimated to affect 0.44-2.8% of the Indian population. Moisturizers are a key adjuvant psoriasis treatment strategy, but data regarding their effectiveness, safety and compliance pattern in an Indian context are lacking. Hence, this real-world study on an intensive plant-based butter moisturizing cream (Venusia ® Max) was conducted among Indian patients with psoriasis. METHODS: This was an observational, patient-reported outcomes (PRO) study in patients with psoriasis aged 18-75 years who were prescribed the cream in routine clinical practice, as per clinician's discretion, over 4 weeks. The primary outcome measure was improvement from baseline in quality of life assessed using the Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) at 4 weeks of the study period. The secondary outcome measures were improvement in dryness using the Dry Skin/Ichthyosis Area and Severity Index (DASI) score at 4 weeks, safety and compliance. The DLQI and DASI scores were recorded by the clinicians at baseline and after 2 (optional) and 4 weeks of starting the cream. Safety was assessed throughout the study. RESULTS: The study included 400 patients from 9 outpatient dermatology centers across India. Of 400 patients, 384 completed the study. A significant reduction in both the mean DLQI score (66.7%; p < 0.001) and mean DASI score (84.6%; p < 0.001) was observed at week 4 after starting the cream vs. baseline in the overall population. Overall, the cream showed a good safety and compliance profile during the study period. There were no serious adverse events or deaths. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence from the PRO study suggests that use of the intensive plant-based butter moisturizing cream in a real-world scenario has a noticeable impact on improving the quality of life and reducing the skin dryness associated with psoriasis over 4 weeks. The moisturizing cream may serve as a valuable adjuvant treatment option for the management of psoriasis. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CTRI/2017/03/008023. FUNDING: Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd.

11.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) ; 9(2): 299-308, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949959

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although hydroxyzine is widely used for symptom relief in pruritus, its clinical safety and efficacy data in the Indian setting are scarce. We conducted a study to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of hydroxyzine in the management of Indian patients with chronic pruritus in a real-world setting. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, patient-reported outcomes (PRO) study in patients with chronic pruritus due to dermatological causes treated with hydroxyzine as per the clinician's discretion for a period of up to 12 weeks. The primary outcome was improvement in quality of life from baseline, assessed using the 10-point Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) at week 12 of the study period. Secondary outcomes were improvement in the pruritus scores (5-D itch scale) at 12 weeks, improvements in the DLQI and 5-D itch scores at 2, 4 and 8 weeks and safety. RESULTS: The study included 400 patients (179 males, 221 females) from 7 dermatology centres across India. Of the 400 patients recruited, 391 patients completed at least 2 weeks of treatment. There was significant (p < 0.0001) improvement from baseline in the DLQI scores and 5-D itch scores at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks; 189/391 (48.34%) patients had symptom relief leading to early termination. Overall, the treatment was well tolerated with a total of 11 mild-to-moderate adverse events reported during the study, which included dizziness, constipation, drowsiness, dry mouth and sedation. All events resolved without any intervention. There were no serious adverse events. CONCLUSION: This real-world, observational, PRO study demonstrates that hydroxyzine significantly improves symptoms of pruritus and quality of life in patients with chronic pruritus due to dermatological causes over 12 weeks. Despite the sedating potential of the drug, hydroxyzine is well tolerated in real-world settings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CTRI/2017/06/008847. FUNDING: Dr. Reddy's Laboratories.

12.
Adv Ther ; 35(11): 1884-1893, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350248

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a highly prevalent condition which reduces patients' quality of life (QoL) and imparts a significant economic burden on the healthcare system. Acotiamide is a novel prokinetic agent useful in treatment of FD, and this study evaluated the effectiveness of acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate in management of FD over a 4-week period in a real-world setting. METHODS: This study was a prospective, observational, real-world data collection of 132 patients (85 male, 47 female) over 18 years of age diagnosed with FD as per Rome III criteria and treated with acotiamide for 4 weeks at a gastroenterology unit of a medical school in India. Those receiving prokinetics and cholinergic drugs, having any structural lesion on endoscopy, with coexisting irritable bowel syndrome and having heartburn in the past 12 weeks were excluded. Primary outcome was responders based on overall treatment efficacy (OTE) recorded on a seven-point Likert scale for postprandial distress syndrome (PDS; postprandial fullness, early satiety and upper abdominal bloating), epigastric pain syndrome (EPS; upper abdominal pain and upper abdominal discomfort) and associated symptoms (nausea, vomiting and excessive belching) at the end of 2 and 4 weeks. Secondary outcomes were elimination of symptoms of PDS, QoL assessed on the Short-Form Nepean Dyspepsia Index (SFNDI) questionnaire and clinical safety after 2 and 4 weeks. RESULTS: The responder rates with acotiamide at 2 and 4 weeks were 51.5% and 65.9%, respectively, for PDS. Similarly, the responder rates for EPS were 31.8% and 41.7%, respectively, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks. The responder rates for associated symptoms of nausea, vomiting and excessive belching were respectively 18.2%, 17.4% and 16.7% at 2 weeks and 18.2%, 17.4% and 18.2% at 4 weeks. Symptom elimination rates were 9.8% and 18.9% for postprandial fullness, 12.9% and 22.0% for early satiety, and 18.9% and 24.2% for abdominal bloating at 2 and 4 weeks, respectively. Significant improvement (p < 0.0001) in the SFNDI total scores from 25.91 (5.00) at 2 weeks to 23.76 (4.84) at 4 weeks were found at 4 weeks compared to 2 weeks. A total of 7 (5.30%) patients reported mild adverse events which were dizziness (4), headache (3) and nausea (1). CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrates that treatment with acotiamide improves symptoms, QoL and is well tolerated in Indian patients with FD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry of India, CTRI/2017/11/010421. FUNDING: Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, India.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Dispepsia , Gastroenteropatias , Qualidade de Vida , Tiazóis , Adulto , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/efeitos adversos , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Dispepsia/etiologia , Feminino , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Gastroenteropatias/psicologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 66(12): 68-72, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315329

RESUMO

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children is often treated with antimicrobials for prolonged durations, which often leads to antimicrobial resistance. In this context, this review article discusses the use of endoscopic injection in VUR as a safe and efficacious option for these children. The literature pertaining to VUR- its clinical manifestation and management, antibiotic resistance- with special reference to management of VUR, and endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid gel injection for management of VUR was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search. Vesicoureteral reflux is managed using antibiotic prophylaxis, urotherapy, or surgical correction (open, endoscopic injection therapy, or laparoscopic). Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis for urinary tract infections in VUR can lead to antibiotic resistance. Urotherapy cures about 75% of cases with dysfunctional voiding and the rest have to be managed at specialized centers. While open surgery provides relief of VUR and related complications in majority, it requires hospitalization. Endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid gel into the submucosa of bladder or ureter near ureteral orifice increases the tissue bulk and creates a valve function. Various studies show the efficacy and safety of endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid gel in VUR. The use of endoscopic injection being a non-invasive modality, can be performed in children with VUR in the outpatient department, precluding hospitalization. In view of the threat of developing antimicrobial resistance and also realising the need for definitive treatment of VUR, endoscopic injection is an efficacious and safe option in primary VUR.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ureter , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/microbiologia
14.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 12: 327-34, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27013882

RESUMO

A prospective, multicentric, noncomparative open-label observational study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy zonisamide in Indian adult patients for the treatment of partial, generalized, or combined seizures. A total of 655 adult patients with partial, generalized, or combined seizures from 30 centers across India were recruited after initial screening. Patients received 100 mg zonisamide as initiating dose as monotherapy/adjunctive therapy for 24 weeks, with titration of 100 mg every 2 weeks if required. Adverse events, responder rates, and seizure freedom were observed every 4 weeks. Efficacy and safety were also assessed using Clinicians Global Assessment of Response to Therapy and Patients Global Assessment of Tolerability to Therapy, respectively. Follow-up was conducted for a period of 24 weeks after treatment initiation. A total of 655 patients were enrolled and received the treatment and 563 completed the evaluation phase. A total of 20.92% of patients received zonisamide as monotherapy or alternative monotherapy and 59.85% patients received zonisamide as first adjunctive therapy. Compared with baseline, 41.22% of patients achieved seizure freedom and 78.6% as responder rate at the end of 24 week study. Most commonly reported adverse events were loss of appetite, weight loss, sedation, and dizziness, but discontinuation due to adverse events of drug was seen in 0.92% of patients. This open label real-world study suggests that zonisamide is an effective and well-tolerated antiepileptic drug in Indian adults for treatment of partial, generalized as well as combined seizures type. No new safety signals were observed.

15.
Indian J Psychiatry ; 54(4): 337-43, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23372236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a progressive brain disorder, is the most common cause of dementia among the elderly. Donepezil hydrochloride is a potent, reversible, and highly selective inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). It is chemically distinct from other cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors which are effective in the treatment of AD. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of donepezil hydrochloride therapy over a 12 weeks period in patients with mild to moderate AD in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this post-marketing study, patients with mild to moderate AD received oral donepezil hydrochloride 5 mg/day for 4 weeks followed by 10 mg/day for 8 weeks. Patients were assessed 4 times weekly for cognition on 'Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) scale', and function on 'Activities of Daily Living (ADL) index'. Clinicians and caregivers assessment of safety and efficacy was assessed on a 5-point rating scale. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy two of one hundred and eighty two patients completed 12 weeks of study period. MMSE score significantly improved (P<0.0001) from 16.72 at baseline to 19.77 after 12 weeks, and there was significant improvement (P<0.05) in ADL index in 13 of 17 domains after 12 weeks. Caregivers and clinicians rated the therapy as very good to good in >80% and >90% patients, respectively. Adverse events were consistent with the known pharmacological and safety profile of donepezil. CONCLUSIONS: Donepezil is well tolerated in Indian patients with mild to moderate AD with significant improvement in cognition and function.

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