Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 458
Filtrar
1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 241-247, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829698

RESUMO

Objective: To synthesize three kinds of metal complexes of aloe-emodin and compare the antioxidant activities of the ligands and the complexes. Methods: Three kinds of aloe emodin metal complex, the aloe-emodin-iron (Ⅱ), the aloe-emodin-copper (Ⅱ) and the aloe-emodin-magnesium (Ⅱ) complexes, were synthesized by dissolving and stirring in anhydrous ethanol solvent, and their structures were characterized. The Fe 2+-H 2O 2-methylene blue method, the diphenyl bitter hydrazine radical method (DPPH method) and other assays were used to determine the clearance effect of ligands and complexes on superoxide radicals (O 2 -•), hydroxyl radicals (•OH) and phenyl bitter hydrazine radical (DPPH•). Results: Three kinds of aloe emodin metal complex, the aloe-emodin-iron (Ⅱ), the aloe-emodin-copper (Ⅱ) and the aloe-emodin-magnesium (Ⅱ) complexes, were successfully synthesized. According to the results of structural characterization, we speculated that the aloe-emodin metal complexes were formed at the site between the two molecules of aloe-emodin and one molecule of metal ions (Fe 2+, Mg 2+, Cu 2+) via the 9 th carbonyl and 8 th hydroxyl groups of the aloe-emodin molecules. Both the complex and the ligand have clearance effects on three kinds of free radicals, and the complex showed stronger effects than its ligand ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Coordination of aloe-emodin with metal ions, such as Fe 2+, Cu 2+, and Mg 2+, could enhance the antioxidant activity of the ligand itself.


Assuntos
Aloe , Complexos de Coordenação , Emodina , Antraquinonas , Antioxidantes
2.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(4)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807145

RESUMO

The gold-spotted pond frog (Pelophylax chosenicus) is an endangered amphibian species in South Korea. In order to obtain ecological information regarding the gold-spotted pond frog's habitat environment and biological interactions, we applied stable isotope analysis to quantify the ecological niche space (ENS) of frogs including black-spotted pond frogs (P. nigromaculatus) and bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) within the food web of two different habitats-an ecological wetland park and a rice paddy. The gold-spotted pond frog population exhibited a broader ENS in the ecological wetland park than in the rice paddy. According to the carbon stable isotope ratios, gold-spotted pond frogs mainly fed on insects, regardless of habitat type. However, the results comparing the range of both carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes showed that gold-spotted pond frogs living in the rice paddy showed limited feeding behavior, while those living in the ecological wetland park fed on various food sources located in more varied trophic positions. Although the ENS of the gold-spotted pond frog was generally less likely to be overlapped by that of other frog species, it was predicted to overlap with a high probability of 87.3% in the ecological wetland park. Nevertheless, gold-spotted pond frogs in the ecological wetland park were not significantly affected by the prey competition with competitive species by feeding on other prey for which other species' preference was low. Since these results show that a habitats' food diversity has an effect on securing the ENS of gold-spotted pond frogs and prey competition, we recommend that the establishment of a food environment that considers the feeding behavior of gold-spotted pond frogs is important for the sustainable preservation of gold-spotted pond frogs and their settlement in alternative habitats.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 128016, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838306

RESUMO

The multi-target-directed-ligand (MTDL) strategy has been widely applied in the discovery of novel drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) because of the multifactorial pathological mechanisms of AD. Phosphodiesterase-2 (PDE2) has been identified to be a novel and promising target for AD. However, MTDL combining with the inhibitory activity against PDE2A and other anti-AD factors such as antioxidants has not been developed yet. Herein, a novel series of PDE2 inhibitors with antioxidant capacities were designed, synthesized, and evaluated. Most compounds showed remarkable inhibitory activities against PDE2A as well as antioxidant activities. Compound 6d was selected, which showed good IC50 of 6.1 nM against PDE2A, good antioxidant activity (ORAC (Trolox) = 8.4) and no cytotoxicity to SH-SY5Y cells. Molecular docking and dynamics simulations were applied for the rational design and explanation of SAR (structure-activity relationship) of lead compounds.

4.
J Nat Prod ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765387

RESUMO

Under the guidance of MS/MS-based molecular networking and HPLC-UV, two new alkaloid racemates, (±)-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (1) and (±)-N1-methyl-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (2), featuring a rare o-hydroxyphenylalanine residue and an imide subunit, were isolated from a soft-coral-derived Aspergillus sp. fungus. The true natural products (+)-1 and (+)-2 were further monitored and obtained from the freshly prepared EtOAc extracts, while (-)-1 and (-)-2 are artifacts generated during extraction and purification processes. Simultaneously, the structures including absolute configurations of (+)-13S-1, (-)-13R-1, (+)-13S-2, and (-)-13R-2 were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, ECD calculations, and X-ray diffraction data. Interestingly, basic solution promotes the racemization of (+)-1 and (-)-1, whereas acidic solution suppresses the transformation. The current research was concerned with the true natural products and their artifacts, providing critical insight into the isolation and identification of natural products.

5.
J Immunol ; 206(7): 1505-1514, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658297

RESUMO

IKZF1 (IKAROS) is essential for normal lymphopoiesis in both humans and mice. Previous Ikzf1 mouse models have demonstrated the dual role for IKZF1 in both B and T cell development and have indicated differential requirements of each zinc finger. Furthermore, mutations in IKZF1 are known to cause common variable immunodeficiency in patients characterized by a loss of B cells and reduced Ab production. Through N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis, we have discovered a novel Ikzf1 mutant mouse with a missense mutation (L132P) in zinc finger 1 (ZF1) located in the DNA binding domain. Unlike other previously reported murine Ikzf1 mutations, this L132P point mutation (Ikzf1L132P ) conserves overall protein expression and has a B cell-specific phenotype with no effect on T cell development, indicating that ZF1 is not required for T cells. Mice have reduced Ab responses to immunization and show a progressive loss of serum Igs compared with wild-type littermates. IKZF1L132P overexpressed in NIH3T3 or HEK293T cells failed to localize to pericentromeric heterochromatin and bind target DNA sequences. Coexpression of wild-type and mutant IKZF1, however, allows for localization to pericentromeric heterochromatin and binding to DNA indicating a haploinsufficient mechanism of action for IKZF1L132P Furthermore, Ikzf1+/L132P mice have late onset defective Ig production, similar to what is observed in common variable immunodeficiency patients. RNA sequencing revealed a total loss of Hsf1 expression in follicular B cells, suggesting a possible functional link for the humoral immune response defects observed in Ikzf1L132P/L132P mice.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 632606, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33679781

RESUMO

Taraxasterol (TAS) is an active ingredient of Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum Hand. -Mazz.), a medicinal plant that has long been used in China for treatment of inflammatory disorders. But the underlying mechanism for its therapeutic effects on inflammatory disorders is not completely clear. Inflammasome activation is a critical step of innate immune response to infection and aseptic inflammation. Among the various types of inflammasome sensors that has been reported, NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) is implicated in various inflammatory diseases and therefore has been most extensively studied. In this study, we aimed to explore whether TAS could influence NLPR3 inflammasome activation in macrophages. The results showed that TAS dose-dependently suppressed the activation of caspase-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-primed murine primary macrophages upon nigericin treatment, resulting in reduced mature interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) release and gasdermin D (GSDMD) cleavage. TAS greatly reduced ASC speck formation upon the stimulation of nigericin or extracellular ATP. Consistent with reduced cleavage of GSDMD, nigericin-induced pyroptosis was alleviated by TAS. Interestingly, TAS time-dependently suppressed the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2 signaling induced by LPS priming. Like TAS, both INK-128 (inhibiting both mTORC1 and mTORC2) and rapamycin (inhibiting mTORC1 only) also inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation, though their effects on mTOR signaling were different. Moreover, TAS treatment alleviated mitochondrial damage by nigericin and improved mouse survival from bacterial infection, accompanied by reduced IL-1ß levels in vivo. Collectively, by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome activation, TAS displayed anti-inflammatory effects likely through regulation of the mTOR signaling in macrophages, highlighting a potential action mechanism for the anti-inflammatory activity of Dandelion in treating inflammation-related disorders, which warrants further clinical investigation.

7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 55, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resistance to drug therapy is a major impediment for successful treatment of patients suffering from breast cancer (BC). Tamoxifen (TAM) is an extensively used therapeutic agent, which substantially reduces the risk of recurrence and associated mortality in BC. This study demonstrated that exosomal transfer of microRNA-9-5p (miR-9-5p) enhanced the resistance of MCF-7 cells to TAM. METHODS: Initially, BC-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their upstream regulatory miRNAs were identified. The TAM-resistant MCF-7 (MCF-7/TAM) cell line and the non-medicated sensitive MCF-7 cell line were formulated, followed by isolation of the exosomes. Next, the apoptosis rate of exosome-treated MCF-7 cells was determined after co-culture with TAM. The interaction between miR-9-5p and ADIPOQ was identified by a combination of bioinformatic analysis and luciferase activity assay. In order to validate the effect of miR-9-5p and ADIPOQ on TAM resistance in the MCF-7 cells in vitro and in vivo, miR-9-5p was delivered into the exosomes. ADIPOQ and miR-9-5p were identified as the BC-related DEG and upstream regulatory miRNA. RESULTS: Exosomes derived from the MCF-7/TAM cells could increase the resistance of MCF-7 cells to TAM. Notably, miR-9-5p altered the sensitivity of BC cells to TAM. In addition, ADIPOQ was negatively regulated by miR-9-5p. Furthermore, MCF-7/TAM cell-derived miR-9-5p inhibited the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells, and promoted the cell resistance to TAM. In vivo experiments in nude mice ascertained that the tumor injected with exosomal miR-9-5p showed improved resistance to TAM. CONCLUSIONS: Exosomal transfer of miR-9-5p augmented the drug resistance of BC cells to TAM by down-regulating ADIPOQ, suggesting its functionality as a candidate molecular target for the management of BC.

8.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(6): e2001573, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470545

RESUMO

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are one of the most commonly occurring hospital-acquired infections. Current coating strategies to prevent catheter-associated biofilm formation are limited by their poor long-term efficiency and limited applicability to diverse materials. Here, the authors report a highly effective non-fouling coating with long-term biofilm prevention activity and is applicable to diverse catheters. The thin coating is lubricous, stable, highly uniform, and shows broad spectrum prevention of biofilm formation of nine different bacterial strains and prevents the migration of bacteria on catheter surface. The coating method is adapted to human-sized catheters (both intraluminal and extraluminal) and demonstrates long-term biofilm prevention activity over 30 days in challenging conditions. The coated catheters are tested in a mouse CAUTI model and demonstrate high efficiency in preventing bacterial colonization of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Furthermore, the coated human-sized Foley catheters are evaluated in a porcine CAUTI model and show consistent efficiency in reducing biofilm formation by Escherichia coli (E. coli) over 95%. The simplicity of the coating method, the ability to apply this coating on diverse materials, and the high efficiency in preventing bacterial adhesion increase the potential of this method for the development of next generation infection resistant medical devices.

9.
Med Res Rev ; 41(3): 1775-1797, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393116

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, has become a global crisis. As of November 9, COVID-19 has already spread to more than 190 countries with 50,000,000 infections and 1,250,000 deaths. Effective therapeutics and drugs are in high demand. The structure of SARS-CoV-2 is highly conserved with those of SARS-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome-CoV. Enzymes, including RdRp, Mpro /3CLpro , and PLpro , which play important roles in viral transcription and replication, have been regarded as key targets for therapies against coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2. The identification of readily available drugs for repositioning in COVID-19 therapy is a relatively rapid approach for clinical treatment, and a series of approved or candidate drugs have been proven to be efficient against COVID-19 in preclinical or clinical studies. This review summarizes recent progress in the development of drugs against SARS-CoV-2 and the targets involved.

10.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 249: 119310, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338937

RESUMO

A smartphone-combined dual-emission ratiometric fluorescence probe for specifically and visibly detecting cephalexin was first designed. In the probe, blue-emitting fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) was synthesized and covered with a layer of silica spacer. Red-emitting fluorescent CdTe QDs (r-QDs) was grafted onto the silica nanospheres as an analytical probe. Then, the cephalexin antibody was covalent grafted to the ratio sensor to increase the selectivity. The ratio of fluorescence intensity (FL) of r-QDs and CDs was quenched with the increasing concentration of cephalexin. The detection method has good linear response in the range of 1-500 µM and the detection limit was 0.7 µM. Then portable device based on smartphone detection was constructed according to the color change under UV lamp. The detection image was obtained through the smartphone camera, and the color picker APP installed in the smartphone captured the RGB value of the image. In addition, this method was also used to determine the amount of cephalexin in milk samples with recovery of 94.1%-102.2%. These results showed that it was a portable, simple and visible method to detect cephalexin in food analysis and environmental monitoring.

11.
J Nat Prod ; 84(1): 11-19, 2021 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356261

RESUMO

Under the guidance of MS/MS-based molecular networking, four new cycloheptapeptides, namely, asperheptatides A-D (1-4), were isolated together with three known analogues, asperversiamide A-C (5-7), from the coral-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor. The planar structures of the two major compounds, asperheptatides A and B (1 and 2), were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configurations of the amino acid residues were determined by advanced Marfey's method. The two structurally related trace metabolites, asperheptatides C and D (3 and 4), were characterized by ESI-MS/MS fragmentation methods. A series of new derivatives (8-26) of asperversiamide A (5) were semisynthesized. The antitubercular activities of 1, 2, and 5-26 against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra were also evaluated. Compounds 9, 13, 23, and 24 showed moderate activities with MIC values of 12.5 µM, representing a potential new class of antitubercular agents.

12.
Anal Chem ; 93(3): 1443-1450, 2021 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369381

RESUMO

A prophage comprises a bacteriophage genome that has integrated into a host bacterium's DNA, which generally permits the cell to grow and divide normally. However, the prophage can be induced by various stresses, or induction can occur spontaneously. After prophage induction, viral replication and production of endolysins begin until the cell lyses and phage particles are released. However, the heterogeneity of prophage induction and lysis of individual cells in a population and the dynamics of a cell undergoing lysis by prophage induction have not been fully characterized. Here, we used Raman tweezers and live-cell phase-contrast microscopy to characterize the Raman spectral and cell length changes that occur during the lysis of individual Bacillus subtilis cells from spores that carry PBSX prophage during spores' germination, outgrowth, and then vegetative growth. Major findings of this work are as follows: (i) After addition of xylose to trigger prophage induction, the intensities of Raman spectral bands associated with nucleic acids of single cells in induced cultures gradually fell to zero, in contrast to the much smaller changes in protein band intensities and no changes in nucleic acid bands in uninduced cultures; (ii) the nucleic acid band intensities from an individual induced cell exhibited a rapid decrease, following a long lag period; (iii) after the addition of nutrient-rich medium with xylose, single spores underwent a long period (228 ± 41.4 min) for germination, outgrowth, and vegetative growth, followed by a short period of cell burst in 1.5 ± 0.8 min at a cell length of 8.2 ± 5.5 µm; (iv) the latent time (Tlatent) between the addition of xylose and the start of cell burst was heterogeneous in cell populations; however, the period (ΔTburst) from the latent time to the completion of cell lysis was quite small; (v) in a poor medium with l-alanine alone, addition of xylose caused prophage induction following spore germination but with longer Tlatent and ΔTburst times and without cell elongation; (vi) spontaneous prophage induction and lysis of individual cells from spores in a minimal nutrient medium were observed without xylose addition, and cell length prior to cell lysis was ∼4.1 µm, but spontaneous prophage induction was not observed in a rich medium; (vii) in a rich medium, addition of xylose at a time well after spore germination and outgrowth significantly shortened the average Tlatent time. The results of this study provide new insights into the heterogeneity and dynamics of lysis of individual B. subtilis cells derived from spores upon prophage induction.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/citologia , Análise de Célula Única , Esporos Bacterianos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Microscopia de Contraste de Fase , Pinças Ópticas , Análise Espectral Raman , Esporos Bacterianos/química , Esporos Bacterianos/metabolismo
13.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(6): 97-103, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274431

RESUMO

The focus of this article is on a male patient with hearing loss who was diagnosed with COVID-19 after returning to Taiwan from overseas. Due to the severe pneumonia infiltration, the patient received the clinical-trial treatment Remdesivir. In addition to facing the isolation and new-drug-related anxieties of the patient, the medical team faced difficulties in communicating effectively with the patient and in helping him through the isolation period. During the period of hospitalization (March 14th to April 13th, 2020), the author used Roy's adaptation model to perform a nursing assessment, which confirmed that the patient faced the following problems: (1) ineffective breathing pattern related to COVID-19, (2) impaired verbal communication related to hearing impairment, and (3) social isolation related to the isolation experience and the communication barrier with healthcare workers. During the nursing care process, the author helped the patient receive the antiviral treatment and taught him how to do diaphragmatic breathing in a comfortable, recumbent position to improve his breathing pattern. To reduce the difficulty of communication, the author made a pile of cards with common care-related words, provided pen and paper to write, and used a mobile-phone-based social-networking application to communicate with the patient. The author used writing to communicate with the patient and learned some simple signs from him to enable interaction. Moreover, the intervention helped him adapt to the isolation and treatment protocols to reach holistic nursing care. Based on this experience, the author suggests that hospitals cooperate with sign language organizations to teach healthcare workers simple communication skills, including sign language and cards to provide more complete care for patients with hearing loss during hospitalization.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 90: 107242, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307514

RESUMO

Colonic patches, the counterparts of Peyer's patches in the small intestine, are dynamically regulated lymphoid tissues in the colon that have an important role in defensing against microbial infections. Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from medicinal herbs including Rhizoma coptidis and has long been used for the treatment of infectious gastroenteritis, but its impact on the colonic lymphoid tissues (such as colonic patches) is unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether berberine had any influences on the colonic patches in mice with bacterial infection. The results showed that oral berberine administration in bacterial infected mice substantially enhanced the hypertrophy of colonic patches, which usually possessed the features of two large B-cell follicles with a separate T-cell area. Moreover, the colonic patches displayed follicular dendritic cell networks within the B-cell follicles, indicative of mature colonic patches containing germinal centers. Concomitant with enlarged colonic patches, the cultured colon of infected mice treated with berberine secreted significantly higher levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, TNF-α, and CCL-2, while NLRP3 inhibitor MMC950 or knockout of NLRP3 gene abrogated berberine-induced hypertrophy of colonic patches, suggesting the involvement of the NLRP3 signaling pathway in this process. Functionally, oral administration of berberine ameliorated liver inflammation and improved formed feces in the colon. Altogether, these results indicated that berberine was able to augment the hypertrophy of colonic patches in mice with bacterial infection probably through enhancing local inflammatory responses in the colon.

15.
Arch Pharm Res ; 43(12): 1215-1229, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222073

RESUMO

Viruses have always been a class of pathogenic microorganisms that threaten the health and safety of human life worldwide. However, for a long time, the treatment of viral infections has been slow to develop, and only a few antiviral drugs have been using clinically. Compared with these from terrestrial environments, marine-derived microorganisms can produce active substances with more novel structures and unique functions. From 2015 to 2019, 89 antiviral compounds of 8 structural classes have been isolated from marine microorganisms, of which 35 exhibit anti-H1N1 activity. This review surveys systematically marine microbial-derived natural products with antiviral activity and illustrates the impact of these compounds on antiviral drug discovery research.

16.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e037150, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Geographical disparities have been identified as a specific barrier to cancer screening and a cause of worse outcomes for patients with cancer. In the present study, our aim was to assess the influence of geographical disparities on the survival outcomes of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Guangzhou, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1002 adult patients with NPC (724 males and 278 females) who were classified by area of residence (rural or urban) received IMRT from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2014, at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Following propensity score matching (PSM), 812 patients remained in the analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We used PSM to reduce the bias of variables associated with treatment effects and outcome prediction. Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression was used to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: In the matched cohort, 812 patients remained in the analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the rural group was significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS, p<0.001), disease-free survival (DFS, p<0.001), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS, p=0.003) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, p<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed worse OS (HR=3.126; 95% CI 1.902 to 5.138; p<0.001), DFS (HR=2.579; 95% CI 1.815 to 3.665; p<0.001), LRRFS (HR=2.742; 95% CI 1.359 to 5.533; p=0.005) and DMFS (HR=2.461; 95% CI 1.574 to 3.850; p<0.001) for patients residing in rural areas. CONCLUSIONS: The survival outcomes of patients with NPC who received the same standardised treatment were significantly better in urban regions than in rural regions. By analysing the geographic disparities in outcomes for NPC, we can guide the formulation of healthcare policies.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179392

RESUMO

An intriguing strategy for copper-catalyzed hydroxymethylation of alkynes with CO2 and hydrosilane was developed. Switched on/off a proton source, e.g. tBuOH, direct hydroxymethylation and reductive hydroxymethylation could be triggered selectively, delivering a series of allylic alcohols and homobenzylic alcohols respectively, with high levels of Z/E, regio- and enantioselectivity. Such a selective synthesis is attributed to the differences in response of vinylcopper intermediate to proton and CO2 . The protonation of vinylcopper species is demonstrated to be prior to hydroxymethylation, thus allowing a diversion from direct alkyne hydroxymethylation to reductive hydroxymethylation in the presence of suitable proton.

18.
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis ; 12: 1759720X20962618, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133244

RESUMO

Aims: To compare the risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring hospitalization in spondyloarthritis (SpA) and non-specific back pain (NSBP), and to identify the risk factors for CAP in SpA. Methods: A total of 2984 patients with SpA from 11 rheumatology centers and 2526 patients with NSBP from orthopedic units were reviewed from the centralized electronic database in Hong Kong. Incidence of CAP requiring hospitalization and demographic data including age, gender, smoking and drinking status, use of sulfasalazine, individual biological-disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) used, micro-organisms, other immunosuppressants or immunosuppressive states, use of steroid for more than ½ year, and co-morbidities were identified. Risks of CAP in SpA were compared with those in NSBP using propensity score regression method. Multivariate Cox regression model was used to identify the risk factors in SpA. Results: CAP requiring hospitalization was found in 183 patients with SpA and 138 patients with NSBP. Increased risk for CAP was found in the following groups with SpA: all subgroups (hazard ratio (HR) 2.14, p < 0.001), without use of DMARDs (HR 2.64, p < 0.001), without psoriasis and not taking DMARDs (HR 2.38, p < 0.001). Infliximab (HR2.55, p = 0.04), smoking (HR 1.68, p = 0.003), comorbid psoriasis (HR 1.67, p = 0.003), and use of steroid for more than ½ year (HR 1.94, p = 0.003) were found to associate with CAP after adjustments for traditional risk factors. Conclusion: Risk of CAP is increased in patients with SpA. Our data favor universal influenza and pneumococcal vaccination programs in the population. Rheumatologists should also advise smoking cessation and avoid long term steroid therapy.

19.
ACS Omega ; 5(44): 28889-28896, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33195942

RESUMO

As a compound from marine fungi, (+)-terrein showed significant anticancer activity. In this study, (+)-terrein was extracted from the marine-derived fungus and showed significant cytotoxicity against cancer cells, especially in A549 cells. To enhance its anticancer effects, redox-responsive nanocarriers based on folic acid-chitosan decorating the mesoporous silica nanoparticles were designed to control (+)-terrein target delivery into cancer cells. (+)-Terrein was loaded in the holes, and folic acid-chitosan worked as a gatekeeper by disulfide linkage controlling (+)-terrein release in the tumor microenvironment. The (+)-terrein drug delivery systems exhibited cytotoxicity toward A549 cells through induction of apoptosis. The apoptosis effect was confirmed by the increase in the expression of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-9, and PARP. Taken together, this work evaluates for the first time the (+)-terrein delivery system and provides a promising nanomedicine platform for (+)-terrein.

20.
Cancer Lett ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152401

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) originates in the nasopharyngeal epithelium and has the highest metastatic rate among head and neck cancers. Distant metastasis is the main reason for treatment failure with the underlying mechanisms remaining unclear. By comparing the expression profiling of NPCs versus non-cancerous nasopharyngeal tissues, we found LACTB was highly expressed in the tumor tissues. We found that elevated expression of the LACTB protein in primary NPCs correlated with poorer patient survival. LACTB is known to be a serine protease and a ubiquitous mitochondrial protein localized in the intermembrane space. Its role in tumor biology remains controversial. We found that the different methylation pattern of LACTB promoter led to its differential expression in NPC cells. Overexpressing LACTB in NPC cells promoted their motility in vitro and metastasis in vivo. While knocking down LACTB reduced the metastasis capability of NPC cells. However, LACTB did not influence cellular proliferation. We further found the role of LACTB in promoting NPC metastasis depended on the activation of ERBB3/EGFR-ERK signaling, which in turn, affected the stability and the following acetylation of histone H3. These findings may shed light on unveiling the mechanisms of NPC metastasis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...