Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 362
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 32, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomarkers may contribute to our understanding of the pathophysiology of various diseases. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease (CHD) share many clinical and lifestyle risk factors and several biomarkers are associated with both diseases. The current analysis aims to assess the relevance of biomarkers combined to pathway groups for the development of T2D and CHD in the same cohort. METHODS: Forty-seven serum biomarkers were measured in the MONICA/KORA case-cohort study using clinical chemistry assays and ultrasensitive molecular counting technology. The T2D (CHD) analyses included 689 (568) incident cases and 1850 (2004) non-cases from three population-based surveys. At baseline, the study participants were 35-74 years old. The median follow-up was 14 years. We computed Cox regression models for each biomarker, adjusted for age, sex, and survey. Additionally, we assigned the biomarkers to 19 etiological pathways based on information from literature. One age-, sex-, and survey-controlled average variable was built for each pathway. We used the R2PM coefficient of determination to assess the explained disease risk. RESULTS: The associations of many biomarkers, such as several cytokines or the iron marker soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), were similar in strength for T2D and CHD, but we also observed important differences. Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) even demonstrated opposite effect directions. All pathway variables together explained 49% of the T2D risk and 21% of the CHD risk. The insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2, IGF/IGFBP system pathway) best explained the T2D risk (about 9% explained risk, independent of all other pathway variables). For CHD, the myocardial-injury- and lipid-related-pathways were most important and both explained about 4% of the CHD risk. CONCLUSIONS: The biomarker-derived pathway variables explained a higher proportion of the T2D risk compared to CHD. The ranking of the pathways differed between the two diseases, with the IGF/IGFBP-system-pathway being most strongly associated with T2D and the myocardial-injury- and lipid-related-pathways with CHD. Our results help to better understand the pathophysiology of the two diseases, with the ultimate goal of pointing out targets for lifestyle intervention and drug development to ideally prevent both T2D and CHD development.

2.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases are available for the first 100,000 participants of the population-based German National Cohort (GNC, NAKO Gesundheitsstudie). OBJECTIVES: To describe assessment methods and the frequency of self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the German National Cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a computer-based, standardized personal interview, 101,806 participants (20-75 years, 46% men) from 18 nationwide study centres were asked to use a predefined list to report medical conditions ever diagnosed by a physician, including cardiovascular or metabolic diseases. For the latter, we calculated sex-stratified relative frequencies and compared these with reference data. RESULTS: With regard to cardiovascular diseases, 3.5% of men and 0.8% of women reported to have ever been diagnosed with a myocardial infarction, 4.8% and 1.5% with angina pectoris, 3.5% and 2.5% with heart failure, 10.1% and 10.4% with cardiac arrhythmia, 2.7% and 1.8% with claudicatio intermittens, and 34.6% and 27.0% with arterial hypertension. The frequencies of self-reported diagnosed metabolic diseases were 8.1% and 5.8% for diabetes mellitus, 28.6% and 24.5% for hyperlipidaemia, 7.9% and 2.4% for gout, and 10.1% and 34.3% for thyroid diseases. Observed disease frequencies were lower than reference data for Germany. CONCLUSIONS: In the German National Cohort, self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases diagnosed by a physician are assessed from all participants, therefore representing a data source for future cardio-metabolic research in this cohort.

3.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases continue to play an important role for disease perception, health-economic considerations and public health in Germany. In recent years, infectious diseases have been linked to the development of non-communicable diseases. Analyses of the German National Cohort (GNC) may provide deeper insights into this issue and pave the way for new targeted approaches in disease prevention. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to describe the tools used to assess infectious diseases and to present initial data on infectious disease frequencies, as well as to relate the GNC assessment tools to data collection methods in other studies in Germany. METHODS: As part of the baseline examination, questions regarding infectious diseases were administered using both an interview and a self-administered touchscreen questionnaire. Data from the initial 101,787 GNC participants were analysed. RESULTS: In the interview, 0.2% (HIV/AIDS) to 8.6% (shingles) of respondents reported ever having a medical diagnosis of shingles, postherpetic neuralgia (in cases where shingles was reported), hepatitis B/C, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis or sepsis if treated in hospital. In the questionnaire, 12% (cystitis) to 81% (upper respiratory tract infections) of respondents reported having experienced at least one occurrence of upper or lower respiratory tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, cystitis or fever within the past 12 months. OUTLOOK: The cross-sectional analyses of data and tools presented here - for example on determinants of susceptibility to self-reported infections - can be anticipated from the year 2021 onward. Beyond that, more extensive research into infectious disease epidemiology will follow, particularly once analyses of GNC biological materials have been performed.

4.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal diseases and symptoms are very common in the general population. They lead to high healthcare costs and pose a significant burden to the national economy. OBJECTIVES: Based on data from the population-based German National Cohort (GNC), frequencies of musculoskeletal symptoms and diseases are reported, including back pain, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from March 2014 to March 2017 in adults aged 20-75 years during the first half of the baseline survey of the GNC. The sample comprised 101,779 interviewed subjects, including 9370 subjects who underwent clinical musculoskeletal examinations. The interview included questions about specific musculoskeletal disorders. A clinical examination of the hand provided information about palpable swollen joints and pressure-sensitive joints. Resting pain of the knees and hips was also assessed by a clinical examination. Frequencies were standardized to the German standard population of the year 2011. RESULTS: Having ever been diagnosed with recurrent back pain (22.5%) or osteoarthritis (20.6%) were the most common complaints reported in the interview; osteoporosis (2.9%) and rheumatoid arthritis (1.9%) were stated more seldom. According to the hand examination, 6.0% of all participants experienced pain in at least one finger joint. Resting pain was present in at least one knee among 8.2% and in at least one hip among 5.1% of the participants as assessed during the clinical examination. Women were more likely to report musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms than men. The proportion of adults affected by musculoskeletal diseases increased strongly with age. CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms occur frequently. The burden of complaints and diagnoses is comparable to previous population-based surveys.

5.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons with a migration background (PmM) as a population group usually differ from the autochthonous population in terms of morbidity, mortality, and use of the health care system, but they participate less frequently in health studies. The PmM group is very heterogeneous, which has hardly been taken into account in studies so far. OBJECTIVES: Sociodemographic characteristics of PmM in the NAKO health study (age, sex, time since migration, education) are presented. In addition, it is examined through an example whether migration background is related to the use of cancer screening for colorectal cancer (hemoccult test). METHODS: Data of the first 101,816 persons of the NAKO were analyzed descriptively and cartographically. The migration background was assigned on the basis of the definition of the Federal Statistical Office, based on nationality, country of birth, year of entry, and country of birth of the parents. RESULTS: Overall, the PmM proportion is 16.0%. The distribution across the 18 study centers varies considerably between 6% (Neubrandenburg) and 33% (Düsseldorf). With 153 countries of origin, most countries are represented in the NAKO. All variables show clear differences between the different regions of origin. In the hemoccult test, persons of Turkish origin (OR = 0.67) and resettlers (OR = 0.60) have a lower participation rate. PmM born in Germany do not differ in this respect from the autochthonous population (OR = 0.99). CONCLUSION: PmM in the NAKO are a very heterogeneous group. However, due to the sample size, individual subgroups of migrants can be studied separately with respect to region of origin.


Assuntos
Migrantes , Estudos de Coortes , Assistência à Saúde , Alemanha , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Turquia
6.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A nationwide assessment of the respiratory status on the basis of standardized lung function measurements has so far not been available in Germany. The present work describes the lung function tests in the German National Cohort (GNC) and presents initial results based on the GNC Midterm Baseline Dataset. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The assessment of lung function in the GNC comprised spirometry (level 1) and the determination of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO, level 2). Our quality assurance concept included regular training of lung function test procedures at various GNC sites, interim evaluations of test quality, as well as regular calibration/measurement checks of test equipment. For spirometry, we established a stepwise procedure for offline quality control based on raw flow volume curves. RESULTS: In the present dataset (n = 101,734), spirometry was available for 86,893 study participants and FeNO was available for 15,228 participants. The average (±SD) FEV1 Z score (according to GLI 2012) was -0.321 ± 1.047, the FVC Z score was -0.153 ± 0.941, and the FEV1/FVC Z score was -0.337 ± 0.901. The difference in FEV1/FVC between current smokers and never-smokers increased with age. The average FeNO was 14.2 ÷ 2.0 ppb. Current smoking reduced FeNO levels by 43%, whereas respiratory allergy increased FeNO levels by 16% in nonsmokers. DISCUSSION: The results of spirometry and the FeNO measurements are in the expected range with regard to their distributions and correlates. The GNC provides a valuable basis for future investigations of respiratory health and its determinants as well as research into the prevention of respiratory diseases in Germany.


Assuntos
Testes Respiratórios , Asma , Expiração , Alemanha , Humanos , Espirometria
7.
Atherosclerosis ; 296: 32-39, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Risk assessment studies on the impact of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) on cardiovascular events (CVEs) often apply a linear relationship in Cox models of proportional hazards. However, CVEs are mostly induced through rupture of plaques driven by nonlinear mechanical properties of the arterial wall. Hence, the risk response might be nonlinear as well and should be detectable in CVE incidence data when associated with CIMT as surrogate variable for atherosclerotic wall degeneration. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we investigate the KORA F4 study comprising 2580 participants with CIMT measurements and 153 first CVEs (86 strokes and 67 myocardial infarctions). CIMT is only a moderate predictor of CVE risk due to confounding by attained age. Biological evidence suggests that age-related CIMT growth is not entirely connected with atherosclerosis. To explore the complex relations between age, CIMT and CVE risk, we apply linear and nonlinear models of both CIMT and dnCIMT, defined as deviation from a sex and age-adjusted normal value. RESULTS: Based on goodness-of-fit and biological plausibility, threshold and logistic step models clearly reveal nonlinear risk response relations for vascular covariables CIMT and dnCIMT. The effect is more pronounced for models involving dnCIMT as novel risk factor, which is not correlated with age. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the standard approach of risk assessment with linear models involving CIMT, the application of excess dnCIMT with nonlinear risk responses leads to a more precise identification of asymptomatic high risk patients, especially at younger age.

8.
Atherosclerosis ; 297: 1-7, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serum uromodulin, a novel biomarker of kidney function and tubular integrity, has been linked to cardiovascular events and total mortality in patients at high cardiovascular risk. Here, we analyze the association of serum uromodulin with cardiovascular morbidity and cardiovascular as well as total mortality in the population-based KORA F4 study stratified by sex. METHODS: Baseline serum uromodulin was measured in 1079 participants of the KORA F4 study (age 62-81 years). Using multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models, the associations of serum uromodulin with total mortality and cardiovascular mortality were analyzed after a median follow-up period of 8.6 years, and with non-fatal and fatal stroke and myocardial infarction/coronary death after a median follow-up time of 8.4 years. RESULTS: Serum uromodulin was significantly inversely associated with total mortality (HR 0.65; 95% CI 0.53-0.79 per standard deviation of logarithmized serum uromodulin; p < 0.001) and cardiovascular mortality (HR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52-0.93) in men, but not in women (HR for all-cause mortality in women 0.98; 95% CI 0.77-1.25, HR for cardiovascular mortality 0.78; 95% CI 0.56-1.11) after adjustment for age, BMI, diabetes and eGFR. In addition, serum uromodulin was significantly inversely associated with incident stroke in men (HR 0.68; 95% CI 0.50-0.92), but not in women (HR 0.96; 95% CI 0.68-1.38) after multivariable adjustment. The association of serum uromodulin with incident myocardial infarction was attenuated and lost significance after multivariable adjustment in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Serum uromodulin is an independent biomarker for total and cardiovascular mortality in men from the general community aged 62 years or older.

9.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e1900918, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048458

RESUMO

SCOPE: Previous work identified three metabolically homogeneous subgroups of individuals ("metabotypes") using k-means cluster analysis based on fasting serum levels of triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and glucose. The aim is to reproduce these findings and describe metabotype groups by dietary habits and by incident disease occurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1744 participants from the KORA F4 study and 2221 participants from the KORA FF4 study are assigned to the three metabotype clusters previously identified by minimizing the Euclidean distances. In both KORA studies, the assignment of participants results in three metabolically distinct clusters, with cluster 3 representing the group of participants with the most unfavorable metabolic characteristics. Individuals of cluster 3 are further characterized by the highest incident disease occurrence during follow-up; they also reveal the most unfavorable diet with significantly lowest intakes of vegetables, dairy products, and fibers, and highest intakes of total, red, and processed meat. CONCLUSION: The three metabotypes originally identified in an Irish population are successfully reproduced. In addition to this validation approach, the observed differences in disease incidence across metabotypes represent an important new finding that strongly supports the metabotyping approach as a tool for risk stratification.

10.
Prev Med ; 133: 106025, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061683

RESUMO

Health projections often extrapolate from observations in current ageing cohorts, but health in older age may depend not only on individual characteristics but also on a person's historical context. Our objective was to investigate how health deficit accumulation trajectories after age 65 differed in five adjacent birth cohorts and according to individual life course characteristics. Data originate from the 2008/09 KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg)-Age cohort study from Southern Germany and their 2012 and 2016 follow-ups. Deficit accumulation was assessed using a Frailty Index. The effects of birth cohort membership and individual life course characteristics on deficit accumulation trajectories were analyzed using generalized linear mixed models. Out of 2701 participants (49% male) from five birth cohorts (1919-23, 1924-28, 1929-33, 1934-38, 1939-43), we included 2512 individuals with 5560 observations. Frailty Index levels were higher for women, smokers, alcohol abstainers, obese participants and persons with a sedentary lifestyle or living below the poverty threshold. We found higher age-specific Frailty Index levels for the two most recent birth cohorts (e.g. 61%, CI: [13%; 130%] for the 1934-38 as compared to the 1919-23 cohort), but the rate of deficit accumulation with age (7% per life year, (CI: [5%, 9%]) was cohort-independent. Results indicate that the historical context (birth cohort membership) may influence the number of accumulated health deficits after age 65 in addition to poverty and other individual life course characteristics, but BMI, physical activity and smoking remain the modifiable risk factors offering the highest prevention potential.

11.
Environ Health Perspect ; 128(1): 17003, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence on the health effects of ultrafine particles (UFP) remains insufficient to infer a causal relationship that is largely due to different size ranges and exposure metrics examined across studies. Moreover, evidence regarding the association between UFP and cardiovascular disease at a sub-daily timescale is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between different particle metrics, including particle number (PNC), length (PLC), and surface area (PSC) concentrations, and myocardial infarction (MI) at an hourly timescale. METHODS: We collected hourly air pollution and meteorological data from fixed urban background monitoring sites and hourly nonfatal MI cases from a MI registry in Augsburg, Germany, during 2005-2015. We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover analysis with conditional logistic regression to estimate the association between hourly particle metrics and MI cases, adjusted for air temperature and relative humidity. We also examined the independent effects of a certain particle metric in two-pollutant models by adjusting for copollutants, including particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤10µm or 2.5µm (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively), nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and black carbon. RESULTS: Overall, a total of 5,898 cases of nonfatal MI cases were recorded. Exploratory analyses showed similar associations across particle metrics in the first 6-12 h. For example, interquartile range increases in PNC within the size range of 10-100 nm, PLC, and PSC were associated with an increase of MI 6 h later by 3.27% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27, 6.37], 5.71% (95% CI: 1.79, 9.77), and 5.84% (95% CI: 1.04, 10.87), respectively. Positive, albeit imprecise, associations were observed for PNC within the size range of 10-30 nm and 100-500 nm. Effect estimates for PLC and PSC remained similar after adjustment for PM and gaseous pollutants. CONCLUSIONS: Transient exposure to particle number, length, and surface area concentrations or other potentially related exposures may trigger the onset of nonfatal myocardial infraction. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP5478.

12.
Public Health Nutr ; 23(3): 446-456, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The origin of malnutrition in older age is multifactorial and risk factors may vary according to health and living situation. The present study aimed to identify setting-specific risk profiles of malnutrition in older adults and to investigate the association of the number of individual risk factors with malnutrition. DESIGN: Data of four cross-sectional studies were harmonized and uniformly analysed. Malnutrition was defined as BMI < 20 kg/m2 and/or weight loss of >3 kg in the previous 3-6 months. Associations between factors of six domains (demographics, health, mental function, physical function, dietary intake-related problems, dietary behaviour), the number of individual risk factors and malnutrition were analysed using logistic regression. SETTING: Community (CD), geriatric day hospital (GDH), home care (HC), nursing home (NH). PARTICIPANTS: CD older adults (n 1073), GDH patients (n 180), HC receivers (n 335) and NH residents (n 197), all ≥65 years. RESULTS: Malnutrition prevalence was lower in CD (11 %) than in the other settings (16-19 %). In the CD sample, poor appetite, difficulties with eating, respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases were associated with malnutrition; in GDH patients, poor appetite and respiratory diseases; in HC receivers, younger age, poor appetite and nausea; and in NH residents, older age and mobility limitations. In all settings the likelihood of malnutrition increased with the number of potential individual risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates a varying relevance of certain risk factors of malnutrition in different settings. However, the relationship of the number of individual risk factors with malnutrition in all settings implies comprehensive approaches to identify persons at risk of malnutrition early.

13.
J Thorac Imaging ; 35(1): 49-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570523

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Myocardial strain analysis is a promising tool for the detection of subtle but relevant alterations of left ventricular function, also in asymptomatic subjects. Thus, we determined the feasibility of cardiac magnetic resonance-based 2D global strain analysis using feature tracking and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in a sample from the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects without a history of cardiocerebrovascular disease were enrolled in a substudy of the population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) cohort. In all participants with the absence of late gadolinium enhancement, longitudinal and circumferential global strains were measured on Cine SSFP imaging (TR: 29.97 ms, TE: 1.46 ms, ST: 8 mm), using a semiautomatic segmentation algorithm (CVI42, Circle, Canada). Differences in strain values according to age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia were derived using linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 360 subjects (mean age, 56.2±9.2 y, 57% male), the average global systolic radial strain was 40.1±8.2%, circumferential 19.9±2.7%, and longitudinal 19.8±3.2%. Male sex was associated with decreased global strain values, independent of the strain direction (all P<0.001). Although many cardiovascular risk factors were correlated with strain in univariate analysis, mainly waist-to-hip ratio and HbA1c remained associated with decreased radial and circumferential strains in fully adjusted models. Similarly, higher radial and circumferential strains were observed in older subjects (ß=0.14, P=0.01 and ß=0.11, P=0.04, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Strain analysis using magnetic resonance feature tracking is feasible in population-based cohort studies and shows differences with respect to age and sex as well as an independent association with markers of metabolic syndrome.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18616, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819090

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association of smoking and physical exercise on ventricular function and structure, determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), in subjects without known cardiovascular diseases. A total of 381 participants (median age 57 years) of the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) FF4 cohort underwent CMR. The participants' smoking and sporting habits were measured by a questionnaire. Physical inactivity was associated with a reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF), stroke volume, early diastolic peak filling rate and peak ejection rate of the left ventricle as well as right ventricular stroke volume. LV-EF was reduced in subjects with almost no physical activity compared to subjects with regular physical activity (68.4%, 95%CI 66.8-70.1% vs. 70.8%, 95%CI 69.2-72.3%, p < 0,05). Smokers had lower right ventricular end-diastolic volumes (80.6 ml/m², 95%CI 76.7-84.5 ml/m²; never-smokers: 85.5 ml/m², 95%CI 82.6-88.3 ml/m²; p < 0.05) but higher extracellular volume fractions (ECV) and fibrosis volumes (34.3 ml, 95%CI 32.5-36.0 ml, vs. 31.0 ml, 95%CI 29.6-32.3 ml, p < 0.01). We conclude that asymptomatic individuals without known cardiovascular diseases show differences in cardiac function and structure depending on their physical activity and smoking habits. This underlines the importance of prevention and health education.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224608, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682633

RESUMO

PURPOSE AND METHODS: A meta-analysis using data from seven German population-based cohorts was performed by the German Epidemiological consortium of Peripheral Arterial Disease (GEPArD) to investigate whether one question about claudication is more efficient for PAD screening than established questionnaires. Claudication was defined on the basis of the answer to one question asking for pain in the leg during normal walking. This simple question was compared with established questionnaires, including the Edinburgh questionnaire. The associations of claudication with continuous ABI values and decreased ABI were analyzed by linear and logistic regression analysis, respectively. The results of the studies were pooled in a random effect meta-analysis, which included data from 27,945 individuals (14,052 women, age range 20-84 years). RESULTS: Meta-analysis revealed a significant negative association between claudication and ABI, which was stronger in men (ß = -0.07; 95%CI -0.10, -0.04) than in women (ß = -0.02; 95%CI -0.02, -0.01). Likewise, the presence of claudication symptoms was related to an increased odds of a decreased ABI in both men (Odds ratio = 5.40; 95%CI 4.20, 6.96) and women (Odds ratio = 1.99; 95%CI 1.58, 2.51). CONCLUSIONS: Asking only one question about claudication was able to identify many individuals with a high likelihood of a reduced ABI with markedly higher sensitivity and only slightly reduced specificity compared to more complex questionnaires. At least in men, this question should be established as first screening step.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 145, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality attributable to heart failure remains high. The prevalence of heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus ranges from 19 to 26%. It is estimated that up to 21.1 million adults in the United States have diagnosed diabetes mellitus and around 80.8 million have impaired fasting glucose. We investigated the associations of fasting glucose (FG) and fasting insulin (FI), the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and 2-h postload glucose (2HG) and insulin (2HI) with parameters of left ventricular geometry and function and arterial stiffness determined by magnetic resonance imaging in individuals without diagnosed type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of 1001 individuals (453 women, 45.3%), aged 21 to 80 years, from two independent population-based studies, the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND-0) and KORA FF4 Study. FG, FI, HOMA-IR, 2HG and 2HI, as well as glucose tolerance categories, were analyzed for associations with heart and arterial parameters using multivariable-adjusted linear regression models. RESULTS: In total, 390 individuals (39%) had prediabetes (isolated impaired fasting glucose, isolated glucose tolerance or both), and 49 (4.9%) were found to have unknown type 2 diabetes. In the multivariable-adjusted analysis, positive linear associations of FG, FI, HOMA-IR, 2HG and 2HI with arterial stiffness index and left ventricular wall-thickness and concentricity and inverse linear associations with left ventricular end-diastolic volume were observed. A 1 mmol/l higher FG was associated with a 1.18 ml/m2.7 (1.80 to 0.57; p < 0.001) lower left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, a 0.042 mm/m2.7 (0.014 to 0.070) higher left ventricular wall-thickness index, a 0.12 mmHg m2.7/ml (0.06 to 0.17; p < 0.001) greater arterial stiffness index and a 0.037 g/ml (0.018 to 0.056; p < 0.001) higher left ventricular concentricity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that higher glucose levels in the prediabetic range and insulin resistance might lead to higher arterial stiffness and concentric remodeling of the heart.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16972, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740739

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to identify associations of longitudinal trajectories of traditional cardiometabolic risk factors with abdominal and ectopic adipose tissue depots measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We measured total abdominal, visceral, and subcutaneous adipose tissue in liter and intrahepatic, intrapancreatic and renal sinus fat as fat fractions by MRI in 325 individuals free of cardiovascular disease at Exam 3 of a population-based cohort. We related these MRI measurements at Exam 3 to longitudinal risk profile trajectory clusters, based on risk factor measurements from Exam 3, Exam 2 (seven years prior to MRI) and Exam 1 (14 years prior to MRI). Based on the levels and longitudinal trajectories of several risk factors (blood pressure, lipid profile, anthropometric measurements, HbA1c), we identified three different trajectory clusters. These clusters displayed a graded association with all adipose tissue traits after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g. visceral adipose tissue: ßClusterII = 1.30 l, 95%-CI:[0.84 l;1.75 l], ßClusterIII = 3.32 l[2.74 l;3.90 l]; intrahepatic: EstimateClusterII = 1.54[1.27,1.86], EstimateClusterIII = 2.48[1.93,3.16]. Associations remained statistically significant after additional adjustment for the risk factor levels at Exam 1 or Exam 3, respectively. Trajectory clusters provided additional information in explaining variation in the different fat compartments beyond risk factor profiles obtained at individual exams. In conclusion, sustained high risk factor levels and unfavorable trajectories are associated with high levels of adipose tissue; however, the association with cardiometabolic risk factors varies substantially between different ectopic adipose tissues. Trajectory clusters, covering longitudinal risk profiles, provide additional information beyond single-point risk profiles. This emphasizes the need to incorporate longitudinal information in cardiometabolic risk estimation.

18.
BMJ Open ; 9(10): e031411, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662388

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequent life-threatening event and an important cause of hospitalisation, morbidity and mortality worldwide. Limited information on the long-term course of PE patients is available so far. The Lungenembolie Augsburg study will provide a view on the predisposing and PE-provoking factors, diagnostic procedures and short as well as long-term treatment options. Especially, the data on the long-term course of the disease-in combination with omics data obtained in biospecimens-will generate new knowledge regarding triggers, disease progression, treatment, long-term sequelae, prognosis and prevention of disease recurrence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this prospective study, we will include about 1000 patients admitted to the university hospital of Augsburg, aged 18 years and older with a confirmed diagnosis of acute PE. At baseline, demographic information, symptoms on presentation, delay in diagnosis, predisposing and PE-provoking factors, comorbidity, quality of life, symptoms of anxiety and depression, information on invasive and non-invasive treatment procedures, complications and laboratory parameters will be collected. During the hospital stay, 30 mL blood will be collected from the patients, processed, aliquoted and frozen at -80°C. In a subgroup of patients, an eight-channel polygraphy will be carried out to assess sleep-disordered breathing. All study participants will be followed up for 60 months via postal questionnaires or telephone interviews after hospital discharge. Long-term survival, bleeding complications and PE recurrence during the follow-up are the primary study outcomes. To identify risk factors and determinants associated with these outcomes, confounder-adjusted Cox-regressions will be used for modelling and to estimate relative risks. Effect modification by age and sex will be examined. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Date of approval: 1 August 2017, Reference number: 17-378). Study results will be presented at national and international conferences and published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

19.
JAMA Cardiol ; : 1-10, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664431

RESUMO

Importance: Risk stratification for coronary heart disease (CHD) remains challenging because of the complex causative mechanism of the disease. Metabolomic profiling offers the potential to detect new biomarkers and improve CHD risk assessment. Objective: To evaluate the association between circulating metabolites and incident CHD in a large European cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based study used the Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Europe (BiomarCaRE) case-cohort to measure circulating metabolites using a targeted approach in serum samples from 10 741 individuals without prevalent CHD. The cohort consisted of a weighted, random subcohort of the original cohort of more than 70 000 individuals. The case-cohort design was applied to 6 European cohorts: FINRISK97 (Finland), Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Diseases/Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (MONICA/KORA; Germany), MONICA-Brianza and Moli-Sani (Italy), DanMONICA (Denmark), and the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort (United Kingdom). Main Outcomes and Measures: Associations with time to CHD onset were assessed individually by applying weighted and adjusted Cox proportional hazard models. The association of metabolites with CHD onset was examined by C indices. Results: In 10 741 individuals (4157 women [38.7%]; median [interquartile range] age, 56.5 [49.2-62.2] years), 2166 incident CHD events (20.2%) occurred over a median (interquartile range) follow-up time of 9.2 (4.5-15.0) years. Among the 141 metabolites analyzed, 24 were significantly associated with incident CHD at a nominal P value of .05, including phosphatidylcholines (PCs), lysoPCs, amino acids, and sphingolipids. Five PCs remained significant after correction for multiple testing: acyl-alkyl-PC C40:6 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.13 [95% CI, 1.07-1.18]), diacyl-PC C40:6 (HR, 1.10 [95% CI, 1.04-1.15]), acyl-alkyl-PC C38:6 (HR, 1.11 [95% CI, 1.05-1.16]), diacyl-PC C38:6 (HR, 1.09 [95% CI, 1.04-1.14]) and diacyl-PC C38:5 (HR, 1.10 [95% CI, 1.05-1.16]). Lower levels of these metabolites were associated with increased risk of incident CHD. The strength of the associations competes with those of classic risk factors (C statistics: acyl-alkyl-PC C40:6, 0.756 [95% CI, 0.738-0.774], diacyl-PC C40:6, 0.754 [95% CI, 0.736-0.772], acyl-alkyl-PC C38:6, 0.755 [95% CI, 0.736-0.773], diacyl-PC C38:6, 0.754 [95% CI, 0.736-0.772]), diacyl-PC C38:5, 0.754 [95% CI, 0.736-0.772]). Adding metabolites to a base risk model including classic risk factors high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and high-sensitivity troponin I did not improve discrimination by C statistics. Conclusions and Relevance: Five PCs were significantly associated with increased risk of incident CHD and showed comparable discrimination with individual classic risk factors. Although these metabolites do not improve CHD risk assessment beyond that of classic risk factors, these findings hold promise for an improved understanding of the pathophysiology of CHD.

20.
Front Nutr ; 6: 145, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552261

RESUMO

Background: Estimation of usual dietary intake poses a challenge in epidemiological studies. We applied a blended approach that combines the strengths provided by repeated 24-h food lists (24HFLs) and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Methods: At least two web-based 24HFLs and one FFQ were completed by 821 participants in the KORA FF4 study. Consumption probabilities were estimated using logistic mixed models, adjusting for covariates and the FFQ data on consumption frequency. Intake amount of a consumed food item was predicted for each participant based on the results of the second Bavarian Food Consumption Survey (BVS II). By combining consumption probability and estimated consumption amount, the usual food intake for each participant was estimated. These results were compared to results obtained without considering FFQ information for consumption probability estimation, as well as to conventional FFQ data. Results: The results of the blended approach for food group intake were often higher than the FFQ-based results. Intraclass correlation coefficients between both methods ranged between 0.21 and 0.86. Comparison of both methods resulted in weighted kappa values based on quintiles ranging from fair (0.34) to excellent agreement (0.84). Omission of FFQ information in the consumption probability models distinctly affected the results at the group level, though individual intake data were slightly affected, for the most part. Conclusions: Usual dietary intake data based on the blended approach differs from the FFQ-based results both in absolute terms and in classification according to quintiles. The application of the blended approach has been demonstrated as a possible tool in nutritional epidemiology, as a comparison with published studies showed that the blended approach yields reasonable estimates. The inclusion of the FFQ information is valuable especially with regard to irregularly consumed foods. A validation study including biomarkers of dietary intake is warranted.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA