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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical features, laboratory data and fetal-maternal outcomes between 1000 women with obstetric APS (OAPS) and 640 with aPL-related obstetric complications not fulfilling Sydney criteria (non-criteria OAPS, NC-OAPS). METHODS: This was a retrospective and prospective multicentre study from the European Registry on Obstetric Antiphospholipid Syndrome. RESULTS: A total of 1650 women with 5251 episodes, 3601 of which were historical and 1650 latest episodes, were included. Altogether, 1000 cases (OAPS group) fulfilled the Sydney classification criteria and 650 (NC-OAPS group) did not. Ten NC-OAPS cases were excluded for presenting thrombosis during follow-up. All cases were classified as category I (triple positivity or double positivity for aPL) or category II (simple positivity). Overall, aPL laboratory categories showed significant differences: 29.20% in OAPS vs 17.96% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category I, and 70.8% in OAPS vs 82% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category II. Significant differences were observed when current obstetric complications were compared (P < 0.001). However, major differences between groups were not observed in treatment rates, livebirths and thrombotic complications. In the NC-OAPS group, 176/640 (27.5%) did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup A), 175/640 (27.34%) had a low titre and/or non-persistent aPL positivity but did meet the clinical criteria (subgroup B) and 289/640 (45.15%) had a high aPL titre but did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup C). CONCLUSION: Significant clinical and laboratory differences were found between groups. Fetal-maternal outcomes were similar in both groups when treated. These results suggest that we could improve our clinical practice with better understanding of NC-OAPS patients.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12388, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455785

RESUMO

Diagnosis of large vessel vasculitis (LVV) and evaluation of its inflammatory activity can be challenging. Our aim was to investigate the value of hybrid positron-emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) in LVV. All consecutive patients with LVV from the Department of Internal Medicine who underwent PET/MRI were included. Three PET/MRI patterns were defined: (i) "inflammatory," with positive PET (>liver uptake) and abnormal MRI (stenosis and/or wall thickening); (ii) "fibrous", negative PET (≤liver uptake) and abnormal MRI; and (iii) "normal". Thirteen patients (10 female; median age: 67-years [range: 23-87]) underwent 18 PET/MRI scans. PET/MRI was performed at diagnosis (n = 4), at relapse (n = 7), or during remission (n = 7). Among the 18 scans, eight (44%) showed an inflammatory pattern and three (17%) a fibrous pattern; the other seven were normal. The distribution of the three patterns did not differ between patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA, n = 10 scans) and those with giant cell arteritis (GCA, n = 8 scans). PET/MRI findings were normal in 2/10 (20%) TA scans vs. 5/8 (62%) GCA scans (p = 0.3). Median SUVmax was 4.7 [2.1-8.6] vs. 2 [1.8-2.6] in patients with active disease vs. remission, respectively (p = 0.003). PET/MRI is a new hybrid imaging modality allowing comprehensive and multimodal analysis of vascular wall inflammation and the vascular lumen. This technique offers promising perspectives for the diagnosis and monitoring of LVV.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a cause of potentially fatal aortic aneurysms. Descriptive data on thoracic aorta measurements at the beginning of the disease are lacking. We aimed to compare aortic diameters between a recently diagnosed GCA population and an age- and sex-matched control group. METHODS: Patients with GCA and with an available thoracic CT concomitant with diagnosis were included. Controls were patients matched for age and sex and hospitalised in the same care centre for pneumonia. The main criteria were the anteroposterior and lateral diameters of the ascending thoracic aorta, which were measured by a blinded evaluator. RESULTS: 90 cases and 90 controls were included. Each group comprised 30 males and 60 females for a mean age of 75.1±9 and 75.7±10.1 years old. At the time of GCA diagnosis no difference was found between the two groups (anteroposterior diameter 37.1±5 mm for cases vs. 36.7±5 mm for controls, p=0.6; lateral diameter 36.6±5 mm for cases vs. 35.9±4 mm for controls, p=0.3). Thoracic aorta diameter was not significantly higher in patients with aortitis at diagnosis (n=44) than in cases without aortitis (n=46). CONCLUSIONS: Morphologic comparison of thoracic aorta at diagnosis of GCA with an age- and sex-matched control population showed no significant difference. Morphologic evaluation of aorta cannot predict accurately the occurrence of aortic aneurysm. Systematic follow-up according to current recommendations is thus justified.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155444

RESUMO

Pachymeningitis is rare, either idiopathic or secondary to inflammatory disorders, after tumoral, surgical or infectious causes have been excluded. The fibroinflammatory IgG4-related disease is one of the etiologies of pachymeningitis with only few cases reported yet. From a single referral regional center, we evaluated the frequency of IgG4-related disease as the cause of inflammatory pachymeningitis in 10% of cases. From a National case registry of IgG4-related disease the pachymeningitis frequency was 4.1%. We report eight new cases with cranial, spinal or both involvements and a literature review of 46 pathological proven cases. We observed that IgG4-related pachymeningitis is in most cases not associated to extra-neurological manifestations of the disease. Only 27% of spinal and 40% of cranial IgG4-related pachymeningitis are associated with other disease localizations. First line treatment strategies included surgery and steroids. The use of immunosuppressants or rituximab was necessary in 18% of spinal and 54% of cranial localizations. Some patients remained with sequellae and clinical and/or radiological improvement can be difficult to obtain.

8.
Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) ; 67(4): 225-236, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147723

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the proportion of peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cells (CD3-CD56+) and T-cell large granular lymphocytes (CD8+CD57+) during preconception in a homogenous group of women with unexplained well-defined recurrent miscarriage (RM) and repeated implantation failure (RIF) vs healthy controls in relation to pregnancy outcomes. This case-control study followed by a literature review and meta-analysis was conducted in three university hospitals. Patients and controls were consecutively recruited from December 2015 to October 2017. In total, 115 women were included in the study: 54 with RM, 41 with RIF and 20 healthy controls with ≥ 2 term births. Percentages of CD3-CD56+ and CD8+CD57+ cells and sub-populations of CD3-CD56+ cells did not differ between cases and controls. The results for women with subsequent miscarriage did not differ from those with live births. The meta-analysis of the literature showed higher NK-cell proportions in RM [mean difference 3.47 (95% CI 2.94-4.00); p < 0.001] and RIF [mean difference 1.64 (95% CI 0.82-2.45); p < 0.001] than controls. However, the heterogeneity between the different studies was high. The proportion of peripheral blood CD3-CD56+ and CD8+CD57+ cells in the preconception period does not reflect the risk of implantation failure or miscarriage and should not be recommended indicators for the management of RM and RIF. Further prospective large studies are needed to develop a reliable peripheral blood marker of immune deregulation.

9.
Presse Med ; 48(6): 609-624, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151849

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to describe complex psychiatric disorders, to recall "minimal classical" explorations in psychiatry, to describe the concept of "complex psychiatric disorders" and to propose a systematized method of exploration. Some organic diseases are well known for their links with psychiatric disorders (manic syndrome and hyperthyroidism, depressive syndrome and corticotropic insufficiency, anxiety disorder and heart disease, etc.). Many other neurological, autoimmune, metabolic, paraneoplastic or endocrine pathologies can have essentially psycho-behavioral manifestations before being neurological or systemic. A large number of factors (nutritional, toxic, immunological, etc.), often ignored, influence the links between organicity and psychiatric pathologies. It is necessary to optimize the medical management of these patients in whom the psychiatric diagnosis masks a curable organo-psychiatric cause.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
13.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 38(5): 825-834, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898512

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the effects of ulipristal acetate (UPA) on the expression of endometrial proliferation and maturation markers? DESIGN: A total of 45 endometrium-containing blocks of hysterectomy samples from non-menopausal women with a diagnosis of moderate to severe symptoms of uterine fibroids: 14 women operated on at the end of a 3-month course of UPA; four women who had discontinued UPA treatment 1-12 months before surgery; 27 control unexposed samples (14 in the proliferative and 13 in the secretory phase). Immunohistochemical staining of Ki67, vascular endothelial growth factor-receptor 2 (VEGFR2), oestradiol receptor, progesterone receptor, interleukin-15 (IL-15), indoleamin-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and C-C motif chemokine ligand-2 (CCL2) markers were analysed in both endometrial compartments and layers. RESULTS: Under UPA, oestradiol receptor and progesterone receptor expression is similar to the proliferative phase in both layers, although with a decrease in cell proliferation. IL-15, IDO and CCL2 expressions are similar to the proliferative phase, suggesting a progesterone-antagonist effect of UPA. VEGFR2 staining suggests a trend to a mixed agonist-antagonist effect. No significant difference is observed in the post-UPA proliferative phase group compared with the control group in both layers of the endometrium. CONCLUSION: The effect of 3-month UPA treatment is mostly progesterone receptor antagonist-like. After treatment is discontinued, there are no signs of any long-term effects of this molecule on endometrial proliferation and maturation. Therefore, UPA may be administered to women willing to conceive in the short term without consequences for further implantation.

14.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 236: 263-264, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872045

RESUMO

Approximately 1 to 3% of women have recurrent early miscarriages, defined as ≥3 pregnancy losses before 14 weeks of gestation. The immune deregulation and tolerance rupture could be the origin of these miscarriages in at least 30% of these women. Chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE) is a rare placental lesion characterized by intrauterine deaths, growth restriction and high recurrence rate. In cases with recurrent obstetrical adverse events and intrauterine deaths, we previously reported the benefit of hydroxychloroquine combination to prednisone. Even few data raised the potential value of TNF antagonists in early recurrent miscarriages, these cases show its potential value in the setting of recurrent refractory chronic intervillositis and unexplained miscarriages.

15.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Episodic Angioedema with eosinophilia (EAE, Gleich's syndrome) is a rare disorder consisting of recurrent episodes of angioedema, hypereosinophilia and frequent elevated serum Immunoglobin M. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter nationwide study regarding the clinical spectrum and therapeutic management of patients with EAE in France. RESULTS: Thirty patients were included with a median age at diagnosis of 41 years [5-84]. The median duration of each crisis was 5.5 days [1-90] with swelling affecting mainly the face and the upper limbs. Total serum IgM levels were increased in 20 patients (67%). Abnormal T-cell immunophenotypes were detected in 12 patients (40%) among which 5 (17%) showed evidence of clonal TCR γ gene rearrangement. Median follow-up duration was 53 months [31-99]. The presence of an abnormal T-cell population was the sole factor associated with a shorter time to flare (hazard ratio 4.15 [CI 95% 1.18-14.66; p=0.02). At last follow-up, 3 patients (10%) were able to withdraw all treatments and 11 (37%) were in clinical and biological remission with less than 10 mg of daily prednisone. CONCLUSION: EAE is a heterogeneous condition that encompasses several disease forms. Although patients usually respond well to glucocorticoids, those with evidence of abnormal T-cell phenotype have a shorter time to flare.

16.
J Autoimmun ; 99: 48-51, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737054

RESUMO

Acute cerebrovascular ischemic events are a rare and severe complication of giant cell arteritis (GCA). We aimed to determine the prevalence of GCA-related stroke, the overall survival and the relapse-free survival in patients with GCA. A multicentric retrospective analysis was performed on 129 patients with GCA diagnosed between September 2010 and October 2018 in two University Hospitals. Among 129 GCA patients, 18 (16%) presented an acute ischemic cerebrovascular event. Patients with stroke were older (83 [67-96] years versus 76 [58-96]; p = 0.014) and more frequently males (61% versus 30%; p = 0.014) than those without stroke. The frequency of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy was higher in patients with stroke (n = 6, 33%) than patients without stroke (n = 12, 11%)(p = 0.02). Overall survival was significantly decreased in GCA patients with stroke (4.4 months), comparatively to patients without stroke (221.7 months; log rank test = 0.006). The 3-years relapse-free survival was decreased in patients with stroke (8.42 versus78.0 months; log rank = 0.0001), as well as the time with sustained remission (78 versus 139 months; log rank test = 0.0004). This study shows the prevalence and risk factors of ischemic stroke in GCA.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(4): 539-550, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30760472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by widespread fibrosis, microangiopathy and autoantibodies. Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+ cooperate with B lymphocytes to induce the differentiation of plasmocytes secreting immunoglobulins (Ig). Circulating Tfh (cTfh) cells are increased in several autoimmune diseases. However, there are no data about cTfh cells and their interaction with B cells in SSc. The aim of this study was to perform a quantitative and functional analysis of cTfh cells in SSc. METHODS: Using flow cytometry, we analysed cTfh cells from 50 patients with SSc and 32 healthy controls (HC). In vitro coculture experiments of sorted cTfh and B cells were performed for functional analysis. IgG and IgM production were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: We observed that cTfh cell numbers are increased in patients with SSc compared with HC. Furthermore, the increase in cTfh cells was more potent in patients with severe forms of SSc such as diffuse SSc and in the presence of arterial pulmonary hypertension. cTfh cells from patients with SSc present an activated Tfh phenotype, with high expression of BCL-6, increased capacity to produce IL-21 in comparison with healthy controls. In vitro, cTfh cells from patients with SSc had higher capacity to stimulate the differentiation of CD19+CD27+CD38hi B cells and their secretion of IgG and IgM through the IL-21 pathway than Tfh cells from healthy controls. Blocking IL-21R or using the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib reduced the Tfh cells' capacity to stimulate the plasmablasts and decreased the Ig production. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating Tfh cells are increased in SSc and correlate with SSc severity. The IL-21 pathway or JAK1/2 blockade by ruxolitinib could be a promising strategy in the treatment of SSc.

18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(4): 406-414, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772493

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the clinical features, laboratory data and foetal-maternal outcomes, and follow them up on a cohort of 1000 women with obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (OAPS). METHODS: The European Registry of OAPS became a registry within the framework of the European Forum on Antiphospholipid Antibody projects and was placed on a website in June 2010. Thirty hospitals throughout Europe have collaborated to carry out this registry. Cases with obstetric complaints related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) who tested positive for aPL at least twice were included prospectively and retrospectively. The seven-year survey results are reported. RESULTS: 1000 women with 3553 episodes were included of which 2553 were historical and 1000 were latest episodes. All cases fulfilled the Sydney classification criteria. According to the laboratory categories, 292 (29.2%) were in category I, 357 (35.7%) in IIa, 224 (22.4%) in IIb and 127 (12.7%) in IIc. Miscarriages were the most prevalent clinical manifestation in 386 cases (38.6%). Moreover, the presence of early preeclampsia (PE) and early foetal growth restriction (FGR) appeared in 181 (18.1%) and 161 (16.1%), respectively. In this series, 448 (44.8%) women received the recommended OAPS treatment. Patients with recommended treatment had a good live-birth rate (85%), but worse results (72.4%) were obtained in patients with any treatment (low-dose aspirin (LDA) or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) not on recommended schedule, while patients with no treatment showed a poor birth rate (49.6%). CONCLUSION: In this series, recurrent miscarriage is the most frequent poor outcome. To avoid false-negative diagnoses, all laboratory category subsets were needed. OAPS cases have very good foetal-maternal outcomes when treated. Results suggest that we were able to improve our clinical practice to offer better treatment and outcomes to OAPS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aborto Habitual/tratamento farmacológico , Aborto Habitual/epidemiologia , Aborto Habitual/etiologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações na Gravidez/imunologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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