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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1063, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contacting patients with tuberculosis have a substantial risk of developing the disease. Household contact screening has recently been recommended as a strategy to enhance case detection in high-burden countries. But there is no enough information in Gondar town regarding household contact screening practice among TB patients. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1 to 30, 2019 on 404 tuberculosis patients attending at health facilities in Gondar Town. Epi-Info version 7 for data entry and SPSS version 20 for data analysis were used. Descriptive statistics were carried out to illustrate the means, standard deviations, and frequencies. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify significantly associated variables with the dependent variable. RESULTS: From 412 study populations, 404 were completed the study with 98.06% response rate. The overall household contact TB screening adherence was 47.5% (95% CI: 43.1, 52.5). In the multivariable analysis, having certificate and above educational level (AOR = 2.83, 95% CI:1.40,5.67), having sufficient knowledge about TB (AOR = 8.26, 95% CI:4.34,15.71), being satisfied with health care service (AOR = 3.26, 95% CI:1.58,6.76), health education given by health care workers (AOR = 2.60, 95% CI:1.54,4.40),and having HIV/AIDS co-infection (AOR = 3.54, 95% CI:1.70,7.39), were factors associated with household contact TB screening adherence. CONCLUSION: Compared to other previous studies, the current finding was high but it was low as compared with WHO and Ethiopian Ministry of Health recommendations (all persons having TB contact should be screened). Educational status, knowledge on TB, satisfaction with delivered health care service, health education given by HCWs about TB and HIV/AIDS co-infection were factors associated with household contact TB screening practice. Thus, strengthening household TB contact screening and educational programs regarding the risk of getting TB infection from household contacts is crucial.

2.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 551-558, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853180

RESUMO

Introduction: As hypertension is a chronic cardiovascular disease that contributes to a high proportion of morbidity and mortality worldwide, favorable knowledge is crucial to control it. Objective: The objective of this study was thus to assess knowledge and associated factors of blood pressure control among hypertensive patients at the chronic illness follow-up Clinic of the University of Gondar comprehensive-specialized hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2018. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select participants. Bi-variable and multivariable logistic regressions were done to assess the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to determine the presence and strength of association between covariates and the outcome variable. Results: A total of 404 participants took part in the study with a response rate of 97.3%. The overall good knowledge about blood pressure control was 51.7% (95% CI=46.3-56.8). Females were 3.79 (AOR= 3.79, 95% CI: (1.55, 9.28)) more knowledgeable about blood pressure control than males. In the multivariable analysis, the odds of being knowledgeable were 2.80 (AOR= 2.80, 95% CI (1.44, 5.46)), 8.05 (AOR=8.05, 95% CI (2.93, 22.10)), and 7.53 (AOR=7.53, 95% CI (2.52, 22.49)) for can read and write, secondary, preparatory and above education, respectively, compared to cannot read and write. Occupation was significantly associated with the knowledge of plod pressure control. For example, merchants 7.66 (AOR=7.66, 95% CI (3.01, 19.47)), government employee 6.33 (AOR=6.33, 95% CI (1.90, 22.07)), and self-employed 4.58 (AOR=4.58, 95% CI (1.80, 11.70)) times more likely to be knowledgeable than farmers, respectively. Participants with family history of hypertension were 2.36 (AOR=2.36, 95% CI (1.42, 3.92)) times more knowledgeable than their counterparts. Conclusion: In this study, knowledge of blood pressure control was lower compared to the finding of a study done at Bishoftu hospital, Ethiopia. But it is higher than studies in other African countries. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological awareness is vital for blood pressure control.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hospitais Universitários , Hipertensão/terapia , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 256, 2019 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental, social, geographical, and other factors could affect the distribution of intestinal parasites. Parasitic infections would impose on health and social problems like mal-absorption, diarrhea, impaired work capacity, and reduced growth rate. However, there is a scarcity of information regarding the prevalence of intestinal parasites and associated factors in the study area. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 310 study participants from April-May, 2017. Study participants were selected using a systematic random sampling technique. EPI Info version 7 and SPSS version 20 were used to enter and analyze the data. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were computed. In multivariate analysis, variables with P-value < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: In this study, the mean age of participants was 29.25 Months. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites was 18.7% (95% CI = 14.4-23.3). Children who rarely feed fresh meal (AOR = 7.74, 95% CI: 1.61, 7.84), Children whose nails were sometimes trimmed (AOR = 3.41, 95% CI: 2.20-10.28), children who had no clean playing ground (AOR = 2.43, 95% CI: 1.25-5.18), and children who had open defecation of the family (AOR = 3.40, 95% CI: 1.27-10.86) were significantly associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Among the intestinal parasites, 31(53.5%) were G.lamblia (Giardia lamblia) and 21(36.2%) were E. histolytica/E. dispar/E. moshkovskii. CONCLUSION: In this study, the prevalence of intestinal parasites was found low compared with the WHO annual or biannual population prevalence and treatment. However, strengthening of health education about food, personal and environmental hygiene of both children and mothers/guardians is crucial to limit the transmission. Besides, improving mothers/guardian awareness about the mode of intestinal parasites transmission is necessary.


Assuntos
Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
4.
Int J Pediatr ; 2019: 9107989, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30713565

RESUMO

Introduction: The world health organization recommends feeding practices for infants born from Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected mothers to be safe to both the infant and the mother. This includes prevention of mother to child transmission of the virus and at the same time meeting nutritional requirements of the child. This requires prioritizing prevention of HIV transmission through breastfeeding against non-HIV morbidity and mortality especially from malnutrition and serious illnesses such as diarrhea, among nonbreastfed infants. Objective: This study was aimed at assessing knowledge, attitude, and practice of HIV positive mothers on antiretroviral therapy towards infant feeding. Method: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 HIV positive mothers at ART clinics of Gondar town from March 1 to April 18, 2017. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. Data was collected using a structured, pretested, interviewer-administered questionnaire. The collected data was entered into Epi Info version 7 and analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Result: A total of 402 participants were interviewed with a 100% response rate. The mean age of participants was 29.24 (SD±10.06) years. The overall level of participant good knowledge and favorable attitude was 68.91% and 75.87%, respectively. Only 23.7% of mothers were practicing infant feeding according to WHO recommendation.

5.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 691, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment, reasons and associated factors among TB patients attending at Gondar town health centers. RESULT: A total of 314 participants were included with the response rate of 97.5%. The mean age of participants was 35.94 (SD ± 13.83) years. The overall rate of non-adherence to anti-TB treatment was 21.2% (95% CI 17.2, 26.1). Continuation phase of treatment (AOR = 2.27, 95% CI (1.54, 5.94)), presence of more than one co-morbidity (AOR = 6.22; 95% CI (2.21, 17.48)), poor knowledge about TB and anti-TB therapy (AOR = 4.11; 95% CI 1.57, 10.75), poor patient-provider relationship (AOR = 4.60, 95% CI 1.63, 12.97), and alcohol intake (AOR = 5.03; 95% CI 1.54, 16.40) were significantly associated with non-adherence. Forgetting 40 (23.1%), Being busy with other work 35 (20.2%), and being out of home/town 24 (13.9%) were the major reasons of participants for interruption of taking anti-TB medications.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 18(1): 266, 2018 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy has an impressive clinical effect on the human immunodeficiency virus although its effectiveness depends mainly on the adherence of patients to the therapy. Therefore, this study aimed to assess adherence status and associated factors of antiretroviral therapy among HIV infected adults on ART at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015. The systematic random sampling technique was used to select 440 study participants. Data collected using an intervieweradministered questionnaire was entered using EPI Info version 7 and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were done. In the multivariate analysis, variables with P-value ≤ 0.05 were considered statistically significant between independent variables and the outcome variable (medication adherence). Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with a 95% confidence interval was used to determine the strength and direction of the association. RESULTS: A total of 440 participants were included in the study. The mean age of participants was 36.09 (SD ± 8.09) years. The overall rate of adherence to ART was 88.2% (95% CI = 85.2, 91.1). Urban residence (AOR = 6.99, 95% CI: 2.30, 21.27), no co-morbidity (AOR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.33), knowledge about HIV and ART (AOR = 7.54, 95% CI: 2.69, 21.15), and disclosed HIV status to partners (AOR = 3.65 (1.06, 12.61) and CD4 count of ≥ 500mm3 (AOR = 3.91, 95% CI: 1.19, 12.81) were significantly associated with adherence. CONCLUSION: In this study, the rate of adherence to antiretroviral therapy was low compared to WHO standard.. Prevention of co-morbidities, improving knowledge through health education, providing strong drug adherence counseling with more emphasis on the rural community, and encouraging HIV positive individuals to disclose their HIV status are crucial for ART adherence.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Adolescente , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 19(1): 15, 2018 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-medication practice (SMP) is the use of medication without the prescription of health care professionals. The major problems associated with self-medication practice have been drug resistance, drug side effects, wastage of resources, and serious health hazards including death. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of self-medication practice and its associated factors among adult household members in Meket District, Northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 722 adult household members in Meket District, from April 5 to May 5, 2017. The systematic random sampling method was used to select study participants. A pre-tested, structured questionnaire was used for data collection using an interviewer-administered technique. Epi-info version and SPSS version 22 were utilized for data entry and analysis, respectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to identify association factors. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of self-medication was found to be 35.9%. Unmarried status (AOR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.18, 4.01), previous experience of self-medication (AOR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.22, 2.61), accessibility of pharmacies (AOR = 3.71, 95% CI = 1.31, 10.51), peer/family pressure (AOR = 2.88, 95% CI = 1.98, 4.18) and presence of medication at home (AOR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.11, 2.92) were factors associated with self-medication practices. CONCLUSION: More than one-third of the study participants practiced self-medication. Thus, strengthening communities awareness on drug side effects and integrated efforts of individuals, communities, health facilities, and regulatory bodies are highly necessary.


Assuntos
Automedicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Etiópia , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infuência dos Pares , Automedicação/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 18(1): 27, 2017 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28381241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to prescribed medication is an imperative issue which can be directly linked with the management of chronic diseases like hypertension; failure to adhere can affect the effectiveness of medication as well as the efficiency of the health care system. There is scarcity of information regarding the level of drug adherence for antihypertensive medications and its determinants in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess adherence level and its determinants for antihypertensive medications among adult hypertensive patients attending the chronic illness clinics of the referral hospitals in northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2016. The systematic random sampling technique was used to select 409 study participants from three referral hospitals. The questionnaire was prepared using the World Health Organization (WHO) conceptual model and by reviewing international literature. The data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. The data were entered in to Epi - Info version 7 and then transferred to the statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20 for data cleaning and analysis. Bivariate analysis was first done to see the association between each independent variables and dependent variable. Variables with a P-value of less than 0.2 in the bivariate analysis were entered in to the multivariate logistic regression model for final analysis. Multivariate analysis was done using Backward logistic regression method. P-value less than 0.05 was considered to determine the statistical significance of the association and odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to determine the presence, strength, and direction of association between covariates (explanatory variables) and the outcome variable. The Morisky medication adherence scale was used to assess the adherence status using > = 6 as adherent or < 6 as non adherent score. RESULTS: Four hundred and nine (409) study participants were interviewed with a response rate of 100%. The mean age of the respondents was 54.5 years with (Standard Deviation (SD) ± 13.58). The overall rate of good adherence was 67.2% (95% CI = 62.8, 71.6). Participants who had a favourable attitude towards antihypertensive medications (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 9.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.34, 18.27), having good patient- provider relationship (AOR = 4.25, 95% CI: 2.32, 7.86), having one (AOR = 4.36, 95% CI: 1.34, 14.12) or no (AOR = 3.38, 95% CI:1.01,11.31) co-morbidities, a long duration of treatment (AOR = 1.89, 95%CI: 1.07, 3.35), and a low medical cost (AOR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.13, 3.76) had associations with good drug adherence for antihypertensive medication/s. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of good drug adherence for anti-hypertensive medications in this study was high. Prevention of co- morbidities, making medical services accessible, and maintaining good client-provider interaction are of paramount importance for good drug adherence.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Demografia , Etiópia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
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