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1.
Nurs Adm Q ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551423

RESUMO

Work cultures supportive of wellness and shorter shift length have been associated with better mental/physical health outcomes in nurses, but how the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted such outcomes is not known. This study's aims were to (1) describe the mental/physical health, well-being, and healthy lifestyle behaviors of nurses during the pandemic; (2) explore the pandemic's impact on their health and healthy lifestyle behaviors; and (3) determine the associations of perceived workplace wellness support and shift length with nurses' health, well-being, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used with 264 nurses associated with Trusted Health. Nurses completed a survey containing valid and reliable scales measuring depression, anxiety, burnout and quality of life, perceived wellness culture, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Results indicated that more than 50% of nurses had worsening mental/physical health relating to the pandemic. Compared with nurses whose workplaces provided little/no wellness support, nurses with workplaces that supported their wellness were 3 to 9 times as likely to have better mental/physical health, no/little stress, no burnout, and high quality of life. Nurses who worked longer shifts had poorer health outcomes. These findings indicate that workplace wellness support and shorter shifts positively impacted nurse mental/physical health and professional quality of life amidst the pandemic.

2.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(4): 243-250, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to clinical decision making that leads to a higher quality and safety of health care. Three valid and reliable scales that measure EBP attributes, including the EBP Beliefs Scale, the EBP Implementation Scale, and the Organizational Culture and Readiness Scale for System-Wide Integration of EBP, are widely used but require approximately 5 min each to complete. Shorter valid and reliable versions of these scales could offer the benefit of less time for completion, thereby decreasing participant burden. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the three shortened EBP scales, adapted from the longer versions. METHODS: This study used a descriptive survey design with 498 nurses who completed the three original EBP scales along with a shortened version of each scale. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted with principal components extracted to examine the factor structure of each EBP measure for the three shortened EBP scales. Item intercorrelations and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy (KMO) were used to confirm the validity of using factor analysis. Reliability of each scale using Cronbach's α was examined. Convergent validity of the three shortened EBP scales was assessed by correlating each shortened scale with its longer scale. RESULTS: Factor analysis supported the construct validity of each of the three shortened scales, as all item intercorrelations were greater than 0.40, and KMO values were 0.62 to 0.74. The shortened scales Cronbach alphas were 0.81 for the EBP Beliefs Scale, 0.89 for the EBP Implementation Scale, and 0.87 for the EBP Culture and Readiness Scale. The three shortened EBP scales had acceptable convergent validity (r = 0.42-.072) for the correlations between the shortened and longer scales. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: The three shortened EBP scales, which are valid and reliable, can be used as an alternative to the longer three scales to decrease participant burden when conducting program evaluations, research, or organizational assessments.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ohio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(4): 272-281, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC© ) Model is a system-wide framework for implementing and sustaining evidence-based practice (EBP) in hospitals and healthcare systems. The model involves assessing organizational culture and readiness for EBP in addition to the development of a critical mass of EBP mentors who work with point-of-care clinicians to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based care. Determining how the various components of the ARCC© Model relate to one another is important for understanding how EBP culture and mentorship impact EBP implementation, nurses' job satisfaction, and intent to stay. AIMS: The current study aimed to test a model that could explain the relationships and direct pathways among eight key variables in the ARCC© Model: (1) EBP culture, (2) mentorship, (3) knowledge, (4) beliefs, (5) competency, (6) implementation, (7) nurses' job satisfaction, and (8) intent to stay. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to test relationships among the variables in the ARCC© Model with data obtained from an earlier cross-sectional descriptive study with 2,344 nurses from 19 hospitals and healthcare systems across the United States. RESULTS: The final structural equation model found that EBP culture and mentorship were key variables that positively impacted EBP knowledge, beliefs, competency, implementation, job satisfaction, and intent to stay among nurses. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: As described in the ARCC© Model, establishing a strong sustainable EBP culture along with a critical mass of EBP mentors is crucial for the development of EBP competency and consistent implementation of evidence-based care by nurses. A strong EBP culture along with EBP mentorship also can result in higher job satisfaction and intent to stay. Implementation of the ARCC© Model is a key strategy in assisting systems to reach health care's Quadruple Aim.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Satisfação no Emprego , Mentores , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Cultura Organizacional , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Am J Crit Care ; 30(3): 176-184, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical care nurses experience higher rates of mental distress and poor health than other nurses, adversely affecting health care quality and safety. It is not known, however, how critical care nurses' overall health affects the occurrence of medical errors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among critical care nurses' physical and mental health, perception of workplace wellness support, and self-reported medical errors. METHODS: This survey-based study used a cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design. A random sample of 2500 members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses was recruited to participate in the study. The outcomes of interest were level of overall health, symptoms of depression and anxiety, stress, burnout, perceived worksite wellness support, and medical errors. RESULTS: A total of 771 critical care nurses participated in the study. Nurses in poor physical and mental health reported significantly more medical errors than nurses in better health (odds ratio [95% CI]: 1.31 [0.96-1.78] for physical health, 1.62 [1.17-2.29] for depressive symptoms). Nurses who perceived that their worksite was very supportive of their well-being were twice as likely to have better physical health (odds ratio [95% CI], 2.16 [1.33-3.52]; 55.8%). CONCLUSION: Hospital leaders and health care systems need to prioritize the health of their nurses by resolving system issues, building wellness cultures, and providing evidence-based wellness support and programming, which will ultimately increase the quality of patient care and reduce the incidence of preventable medical errors.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Local de Trabalho , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Cultura Organizacional
5.
Nurs Outlook ; 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interest in and demand for healthcare innovation has heightened amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Organizations are challenged to balance the goals of daily operations with innovation to stay relevant and compete in the marketplace. Innovation is critical for not only the success and sustainability of organizations, but the well-being of the faculty, staff, and clients they serve. PURPOSE: In this article, we present an overview of several Nursing Innovation Centers in the United States as well as examples of colleges without formal innovation centers but who are addressing innovation in their programs. METHODS: We examined the subjective experience of nursing innovation in seven colleges of nursing using semi-structured intervieweds and thematic analysis. FINDINGS: We discuss four themes for creating an innovation center or innovation focus and six themes important for sustainability and impact. In addition, we provide a working model for these themes and provide lessons learned along with trends and recommendations for the future. DISCUSSION: This information provides guidance and a framework for academic and practice organizations aspiring to create opportunities for innovation to flourish in their institutions. We also encourage leadership to critically evaluate and address biases in faculty hiring, research evaluation, publication practices, educational opportunities and mentoring to overcome the diversity innovation paradox.

7.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 59(5): 15-20, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039123

RESUMO

Bullying is a long-standing problem with relatively few intervention options for individual youth who have experienced it and have adverse mental health concerns. Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation are major consequences of bullying victimization. Although few evidence-based interventions have been put forth to address bullying victimization at the individual level, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and cognitive-behavioral skills building (CBSB) have been well researched for mental health concerns in youth. The purpose of the current article is to examine the theoretical framework of cognitive theory for individuals who have experienced bullying. Previous work that has addressed CBT for bullying interventions is described. Specific examples of how CBSB components could be applied to a bullying intervention program for youth are discussed. Ultimately, providing a theoretical framework to address this public health concern sets the stage for future intervention research. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 59(5), 15-20.].


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Cognição , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Ideação Suicida
9.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 35(3): 285-291, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthy lifestyle behaviors are at the core of maintaining health. This study analyzed the psychometric properties of the 16-item healthy lifestyle beliefs (HLB) scale that measures a person's beliefs about their ability to live a healthy lifestyle. METHOD: Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory analysis, and measurement invariance were conducted for this study. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha was 0.894. The Exploratory factor analysis scree plot identified two factors with eigenvalues greater than one. All factor loadings were greater than 0.40 and no items cross-loaded. A two-factor solution was retained for Confirmatory factor analysis. The measurement invariance results suggested that there was no gender difference in HLB regarding factor structure, factor loading, threshold, and residual variances. DISCUSSION: The HLB scale was found to have adequate internal consistency and fit with the data. Findings show it is valid and acceptable for both boys and girls.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida Saudável , Adolescente , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Pain Manag Nurs ; 22(3): 252-259, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nearly 30% of children are affected by chronic pain which puts a significant burden on the child's family and society with estimated cost of over $19.5 billion each year. Children and adolescent's quality of life is often impacted leading to physical disability, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, school stress or decreased performance, insomnia, and fatigue. The purposes of this paper are to: 1) provide an overview of chronic pain in children and adolescents; 2) describe findings from a quality improvement project that assessed the prevalence of negative mood, quality of life, functional disability, and coping with pain in teens with chronic pain, and 3) discuss screening, assessment and evidence-based management of co-morbid chronic pain and mental health problems in children and teens. FINDINGS: Findings for a quality improvement project indicated that 16.8% of the adolescents scored high risk for depression, which was higher than the national average. Approximately 57% of adolescents were screened as high risk on the Pediatric Quality of Life inventory (PedsQL™). One in four adolescents showed poor functioning on the Functional Disability Inventory and nearly one-third of the adolescents reported poor coping with pain on the Pain Coping Questionnaire. This project indicates that adolescents with chronic pain are at high risk for mental health problems. The outcomes suggest the mental health needs of adolescents with chronic pain need to be identified and addressed to help improve outcomes. DISCUSSION: Children and youth with chronic pain need to be routinely screened and assessed for mental health problems, especially anxiety and depression. The use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or CBT-skills building for children and youth with anxiety and depressive disorders has been widely studied and are helpful for children with chronic pain include psychoeducation, which helps the child to learn age and developmental specific information on chronic pain. Evidence-based manualized and internet-based CBT programs should be scaled rapidly to decrease depression and anxiety in children and youth with chronic pain.

11.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 17(5): 337-347, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obtaining Magnet recognition is important to hospitals as it has been linked to positive nursing and patient outcomes. Evidence-based practice (EBP) also has been shown to positively impact these same outcomes. However, the effect that Magnet designation has on different facets of EBP when compared to non-designated institutions is less understood. AIMS: To determine the differences between Magnet-designated versus non-Magnet-designated hospitals on nurses' EBP knowledge, competency, mentoring, and culture. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed on data obtained from the Melnyk et al. (2018) national study of U.S. nurses' EBP competencies. RESULTS: 2,344 nurses completed the survey (n = 1,622 Magnet and n = 638 non-Magnet). Magnet-designated hospital nurses had higher scores in EBP knowledge (mean ± SD: 19.9 ± 6.8 vs. 19.1 ± 7.0, Cohen's d = 0.12), mentoring (22.6 ± 11.1 vs. 18.6 ± 10.1, d = 0.38), and culture (82.9 ± 21.8 vs. 74.1 ± 21.3, d = 0.41). There was no difference between the two groups in EBP competency scores (53.8 ± 16.2 vs. 53.0 ± 15.9, d = 0.05), and average scores for the 24 EBP competency items were less than competent in both groups. LINKING EVIDENCE TO PRACTICE: Despite having higher knowledge, stronger perceived EBP cultures, and greater EBP mentoring than non-Magnet-designated nurses, Magnet nurses did not meet the EBP competencies. A tremendous need exists to provide nurses with the knowledge and skills to achieve the EBP competencies in both Magnet and non-Magnet-designated hospitals. A critical mass of EBP mentors who also meet the EBP competencies is needed to work with point-of-care nurses to ensure that EBP competency is achieved in order to ultimately ensure healthcare quality and safety. Rigorous studies are needed to determine which interventions at the academic and clinical education level result in improved EBP competency.

12.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 34(6): 575-583, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917424

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a leading health crisis around the world. An intervention strategy scarcely utilized for behavior change is that of a child as change agent. The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of teens reviewing newsletters from a healthy lifestyle intervention with their parents. METHOD: Evaluation data from a randomized controlled trial, COPE Healthy Lifestyle TEEN Program, was analyzed. A descriptive study was conducted of parents' and teens' lifestyle behaviors as reported by parents. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-nine parents completed evaluations. Two thirds of parents reported changing a behavior as a result of the program. Nearly three quarters of parents reported behavior changes in their teens. Over 90% reported they would recommend this or a similar program. DISCUSSION: The obesity epidemic shows no signs of reversal, and hence multiple approaches to impact healthy lifestyles are urgent. Including children as a change agent is a potential target for interventions addressing obesity.

13.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 98: 106090, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emotionally distressed pregnant minority women experience multiple adverse outcomes, including pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, operative deliveries and low birth weight. Although the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening in pregnant women, many practices do not screen because efficacious interventions and systems are not in place to treat them. AIM: Purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to test a group delivered manualized cognitive-behavioral skills building intervention entitled COPE-P versus an attention control program on the mental health, birth and postpartum outcomes of minority pregnant women experiencing depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms. METHODS: Design is a longitudinal randomized block RCT with repeated measures (beginning with screening prior to 18 weeks, group prenatal care in both groups from 16 + 1 to 31 + 1 weeks and ending at 6 months postpartum) at two study sites (New York city and Columbus, Ohio). Race/ethnicity is being blocked to ensure equal numbers of Hispanic and Black women. 384 women are being recruited from antenatal clinics if they are: between 18 and 40 years; in an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy <18 weeks; and self-identify as Black or Hispanic. Valid and reliable measures are being used to assess healthy lifestyle behaviors and mental health outcomes immediately following the interventions, six - eight weeks postpartum and at the children's six-month well baby visit. Birth and delivery outcomes also are being assessed. CONCLUSION: If found to be efficacious, the COPE-P intervention could be a key solution to managing those with emotional distress and improving their outcomes.

14.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 17(4): 258-268, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is necessary for healthcare systems to improve quality, safety, patient outcomes, and costs. Yet, EBP competency is lacking in many nurses and clinicians across the country. AIM: The purpose of this initiative was to determine whether nursing teams (Executive Leader, Clinical/Mid-level Leader, and Direct Care Nurse) attending a 5-day EBP continuing education skill-building program (immersion) was an effective strategy to build EBP competence, practice, and culture sustainability over time. The Advancing Research and Clinical Practice Through Close Collaboration Model was used to guide this initiative. METHODS: A project team was assembled, including leaders with EBP expertise from the Air Force Medical Service and The Helene Fuld Health Trust National Institute for EBP in Nursing and Healthcare at The Ohio State University. Five survey instruments were used to evaluate outcomes, including Organizational Culture and Readiness for System-Wide Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice, Evidence-Based Practice Beliefs, Evidence-Based Practice Implementation, and Evidence-Based Practice Competencies, as well as the Knowledge Assessment Questionnaire test. Nursing teams were invited to participate and complete the program with the implementation of EBP projects over the following year. RESULTS: Participants' EBP knowledge, skills, competencies, and beliefs were significantly improved and sustained over 12 months. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: A team-based EBP skill-building program was an effective strategy for building EBP competence, practice, and culture. This initiative demonstrated that the direct involvement of leadership and infrastructure to support EBP were crucial factors for building and sustaining an EBP culture.

15.
Res Nurs Health ; 43(5): 465-477, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797699

RESUMO

Approximately 20% of children and adolescents in the United States are affected by mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) disorders. Child flourishment and family resilience contribute to healthy family development, including the promotion of child MEB wellbeing. Identifying factors that promote child flourishment and family resilience are critical. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and parenting factors associated with family resilience and child flourishment among children aged 6-17 years with MEB disorders. This was a secondary analysis of the 2016-2017 National Survey of Children's Health. The sample consisted of parents and their children (n = 1,900, weighted n = 5,375,670). Data were weighted to be representative of the US population and analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear regression. We found that only 6.3% of children aged 6-17 with an MEB were optimally flourishing. Parental aggravation was negatively associated with child flourishment, and parental coping was positively associated with child flourishment. In total, 66.5% of families with children exhibited resilience. Parental coping and availability of parental emotional support were positively associated with family resilience. Potential interventions that leverage study findings include parent training to increase parental emotional regulation (e.g., increase frustration tolerance, coping skills) and family navigation services to increase parental support (e.g., emotional support, coping skills) through the child's treatment trajectory. Overall, this study provides evidence of a disparity in flourishment in America's youth with MEB disorders, and despite this adversity, families are resilient.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/enfermagem , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estados Unidos
17.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 17(2): 136-143, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports from across the country highlight the fact that nurses are facing major challenges in moving new evidence-based practice (EBP) initiatives into the electronic health record (EHR). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to: (a) learn current processes for embedding EBP into EHRs, (b) uncover facilitators and barriers associated with rapid movement of new evidence-based nursing practices into the EHR and (c) identify strategies and processes that have been successfully implemented in healthcare organizations across the nation. METHODS: A qualitative study design was utilized. Purposive sampling was used to recruit nurses from across the country (N = 29). Nine focus group sessions were conducted. Semistructured interview questions were developed. Focus groups were conducted by video and audio conferencing. Using an inductive approach, each transcript was read and initial codes were generated resulting in major themes and subthemes. RESULTS: Five major themes were identified: (a) barriers to advancing EBP secondary to the EHR, (b) organizational structure and governing processes of the EHR, (c) current processes for prioritization of EHR changes, (d) impact on ability of clinicians to implement EBP and (e) wait times and delays. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Delays in moving new EBP practice changes into the EHR are significant. These delays are sources of frustration and job dissatisfaction. Our results underscore the importance of a priori planning for anticipated changes and building expected delays into the timeline for EBP projects. Moreover, nurse executives must advocate for greater representation of nursing within informatics technology governance structures and additional resources to hire nurse informaticians.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/normas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/instrumentação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/tendências , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/métodos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/tendências , Ohio , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Am J Health Promot ; 34(8): 929-941, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with physicians and nurses that tested interventions designed to improve their mental health, well-being, physical health, and lifestyle behaviors. DATA SOURCE: A systematic search of electronic databases from 2008 to May 2018 included PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria included an RCT design, samples of physicians and/or nurses, and publication year 2008 or later with outcomes targeting mental health, well-being/resiliency, healthy lifestyle behaviors, and/or physical health. Exclusion criteria included studies with a focus on burnout without measures of mood, resiliency, mindfulness, or stress; primary focus on an area other than health promotion; and non-English papers. DATA EXTRACTION: Quantitative and qualitative data were extracted from each study by 2 independent researchers using a standardized template created in Covidence. DATA SYNTHESIS: Although meta-analytic pooling across all studies was desired, a wide array of outcome measures made quantitative pooling unsuitable. Therefore, effect sizes were calculated and a mini meta-analysis was completed. RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies (N = 2708 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Results indicated that mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral therapy-based interventions are effective in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. Brief interventions that incorporate deep breathing and gratitude may be beneficial. Visual triggers, pedometers, and health coaching with texting increased physical activity. CONCLUSION: Healthcare systems must promote the health and well-being of physicians and nurses with evidence-based interventions to improve population health and enhance the quality and safety of the care that is delivered.

20.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 17(1): 71-81, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a systematic problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that improves quality and population health outcomes as well as reduces costs and empowers clinicians to fully engage in their role, otherwise known as the quadruple aim in health care. The Helene Fuld Health Trust National Institute for Evidence-based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare at The Ohio State University College of Nursing has been offering 5-day EBP immersion programs since 2012. The goal of the program is for the participants to acquire EBP competence (e.g., knowledge, skills, and attitude) and sustain it over time. PURPOSE AND AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the 5-day EBP immersion (i.e., an education and skills building program) on EBP attributes and competence over time. METHOD AND DESIGN: A longitudinal pre-experimental study was conducted that gathered data with an anonymous online survey from 400 program attendees who attended 16 5-day immersions between September 2014 and May 2016. Participants completed five valid and reliable instruments at four points over 12 months, including EBP beliefs, implementation, competency, knowledge, and perception of organizational readiness and culture. RESULTS: Findings indicated statistically significant improvements in EBP attributes and competency over time. The results of this study support the hypotheses that EBP competency and attributes can be significantly improved and sustained by attending an intensive 5-day EBP educational and skills building program such as the one described in this study. This study can help leaders and organizations to mitigate many of the traditional barriers to EBP. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: The results of this study indicate that EBP attributes and competencies can be improved and sustained by attending an intensive 5-day EBP immersion, regardless of clinicians' prior educational preparation.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/normas , Adulto , Competência Clínica/normas , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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