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1.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e210176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During routine Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diagnosis, an unusually high viral load was detected by reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in a nasopharyngeal swab sample collected from a patient with respiratory and neurological symptoms who rapidly succumbed to the disease. Therefore we sought to characterise the infection. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine and characterise the etiological agent responsible for the poor outcome. METHODS: Classical virological methods, such as plaque assay and plaque reduction neutralisation test combined with amplicon-based sequencing, as well as a viral metagenomic approach, were performed to characterise the etiological agents of the infection. FINDINGS: Plaque assay revealed two distinct plaque phenotypes, suggesting either the presence of two severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) strains or a productive coinfection of two different species of virus. Amplicon-based sequencing did not support the presence of any SARS-CoV-2 genetic variants that would explain the high viral load and suggested the presence of a single SARS-CoV-2 strain. Nonetheless, the viral metagenomic analysis revealed that Coronaviridae and Herpesviridae were the predominant virus families within the sample. This finding was confirmed by a plaque reduction neutralisation test and PCR. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: We characterised a productive coinfection of SARS-CoV-2 and Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) in a patient with severe symptoms that succumbed to the disease. Although we cannot establish the causal relationship between the coinfection and the severity of the clinical case, this work serves as a warning for future studies focused on the interplay between SARS-CoV-2 and HSV-1 coinfection and COVID-19 severity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Herpesvirus Humano 1 , Herpesvirus Humano 1/genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1386817

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To describe systemic manifestations, the characteristics related to tooth eruption, and the occurrence of enamel defects in children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome (CZS). Material and Methods: Prospective case series based on nine children with confirmed CZS diagnosis assisted at a reference center in a municipality in the Northeast Region of Brazil. Through a structured interview directed to mothers, information related to prenatal, delivery, and postpartum periods was collected. Tooth eruption was monitored through clinical examinations for 36 months. The modified developmental defect of enamel index (DDE) was used to identify opacities and hypoplasia. Data were presented using descriptive statistics. Results: A high proportion (77.8%) had microcephaly, and 55.5% had low birth weight. Musculoskeletal disorders, swallowing difficulty, and self-injury practices were present in all children. Among the systemic findings, visual impairment (77.8%) and seizures (77.8%) were widely reported. Concerning disorders related to the stomatognathic system, bruxism (66.7%) and difficulty in sucking (33.3%) were present. For most children (77.8%), the deciduous right lower central incisor was the first tooth to erupt (minimum 8 months and maximum 17 months). Enamel defects were diagnosed in only two children (22.2%). Conclusion: A wide range of systemic manifestations was observed in children with CZS, including visual impairment and musculoskeletal disorders. Delayed eruption of the first deciduous tooth was also observed. Enamel defects were present in a small proportion of children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Manifestações Bucais , Erupção Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/complicações , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Microcefalia/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Mães
3.
Viruses ; 13(4)2021 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923434

RESUMO

Despite great advances in our knowledge of the consequences of Zika virus to human health, many questions remain unanswered, and results are often inconsistent. The small sample size of individual studies has limited inference about the spectrum of congenital Zika manifestations and the prognosis of affected children. The Brazilian Zika Cohorts Consortium addresses these limitations by bringing together and harmonizing epidemiological data from a series of prospective cohort studies of pregnant women with rash and of children with microcephaly and/or other manifestations of congenital Zika. The objective is to estimate the absolute risk of congenital Zika manifestations and to characterize the full spectrum and natural history of the manifestations of congenital Zika in children with and without microcephaly. This protocol describes the assembly of the Consortium and protocol for the Individual Participant Data Meta-analyses (IPD Meta-analyses). The findings will address knowledge gaps and inform public policies related to Zika virus. The large harmonized dataset and joint analyses will facilitate more precise estimates of the absolute risk of congenital Zika manifestations among Zika virus-infected pregnancies and more complete descriptions of its full spectrum, including rare manifestations. It will enable sensitivity analyses using different definitions of exposure and outcomes, and the investigation of the sources of heterogeneity between studies and regions.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Metanálise como Assunto , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Microcefalia/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/virologia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia
4.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 29-45, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155311

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: to review the available literature on the general aspects of SARS-CoV-2 infec-tion. Methods: this is a narrative literature review carried out from March to September 2020. Results: COVID-19 caused by the new coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2, grows with devas-tating effects worldwide. The literature describes epidemiological data and mortality risk groups of the disease, which presents a high rate of transmission. Prevention is the most effective way to fight the disease, persisting the absence of strong evidence on the treatment. Vaccines are not yet available. Dexamethasone is effective in reducing mortality in severe forms. Conclusions: despite great efforts, as the number of confirmed cases increases, evidence on transmission, incidence, disease progression, lethality, effects and outcomes remain limited and without any high levels of evidence. Studies are still necessary for all aspects of the disease.


Resumo Objetivos: revisar a literatura disponível sobre os aspectos gerais dainfecção por SARS-CoV-2. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão narrativa de literatura realizada nos meses de março asetembro de 2020. Resultados: a COVID-19, causada pelo novo coronavírus ou SARS-CoV-2, cresce com efeitos devastadores em todo o mundo. A literetura descreve dados epidemiológicos e sobre grupos de riscos para mortalidade da doença, a qual apresenta uma alta velocidade de trans-missão. A prevenção é a forma mais eficaz de combate à doença, persistindo ausências de fortes evidências sobre o tratamento. Vacinas ainda não estão disponíveis A dexametasona é efetiva para redução da mortalidade nas formas graves. Conclusão: apesar dos grandes esforços, à medida que o número de casos confirmados aumenta, evidências sobre transmissão, incidência, evolução da doença, letalidade, efeitos e os desfechos permanecem limitados e sem grandes níveis de evidência. Estudos ainda são necessários sobre todos os aspectos da doença.


Assuntos
SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Prognóstico
5.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 29-45, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279603

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: to review the available literature on the general aspects of SARS-CoV-2 infec-tion. Methods: this is a narrative literature review carried out from March to September 2020. Results: COVID-19 caused by the new coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2, grows with devas-tating effects worldwide. The literature describes epidemiological data and mortality risk groups of the disease, which presents a high rate of transmission. Prevention is the most effective way to fight the disease, persisting the absence of strong evidence on the treatment. Vaccines are not yet available. Dexamethasone is effective in reducing mortality in severe forms. Conclusions: despite great efforts, as the number of confirmed cases increases, evidence on transmission, incidence, disease progression, lethality, effects and outcomes remain limited and without any high levels of evidence. Studies are still necessary for all aspects of the disease.


Resumo Objetivos: revisar a literatura disponível sobre os aspectos gerais dainfecção por SARS-CoV-2. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão narrativa de literatura realizada nos meses de março asetembro de 2020. Resultados: a COVID-19, causada pelo novo coronavírus ou SARS-CoV-2, cresce com efeitos devastadores em todo o mundo. A literetura descreve dados epidemiológicos e sobre grupos de riscos para mortalidade da doença, a qual apresenta uma alta velocidade de trans-missão. A prevenção é a forma mais eficaz de combate à doença, persistindo ausências de fortes evidências sobre o tratamento. Vacinas ainda não estão disponíveis A dexametasona é efetiva para redução da mortalidade nas formas graves. Conclusão: apesar dos grandes esforços, à medida que o número de casos confirmados aumenta, evidências sobre transmissão, incidência, evolução da doença, letalidade, efeitos e os desfechos permanecem limitados e sem grandes níveis de evidência. Estudos ainda são necessários sobre todos os aspectos da doença.


Assuntos
Humanos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Grupos de Risco
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e210176, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND During routine Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diagnosis, an unusually high viral load was detected by reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in a nasopharyngeal swab sample collected from a patient with respiratory and neurological symptoms who rapidly succumbed to the disease. Therefore we sought to characterise the infection. OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine and characterise the etiological agent responsible for the poor outcome. METHODS Classical virological methods, such as plaque assay and plaque reduction neutralisation test combined with amplicon-based sequencing, as well as a viral metagenomic approach, were performed to characterise the etiological agents of the infection. FINDINGS Plaque assay revealed two distinct plaque phenotypes, suggesting either the presence of two severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) strains or a productive coinfection of two different species of virus. Amplicon-based sequencing did not support the presence of any SARS-CoV-2 genetic variants that would explain the high viral load and suggested the presence of a single SARS-CoV-2 strain. Nonetheless, the viral metagenomic analysis revealed that Coronaviridae and Herpesviridae were the predominant virus families within the sample. This finding was confirmed by a plaque reduction neutralisation test and PCR. MAIN CONCLUSIONS We characterised a productive coinfection of SARS-CoV-2 and Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) in a patient with severe symptoms that succumbed to the disease. Although we cannot establish the causal relationship between the coinfection and the severity of the clinical case, this work serves as a warning for future studies focused on the interplay between SARS-CoV-2 and HSV-1 coinfection and COVID-19 severity.

7.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.2): 337-353, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279610

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: reviewing the available literature on COVID-19 infection and the maternal and perinatal outcomes. Methods: this is a narrative review of the literature carried out from March to September 2020, usingthe MESH: coronavirus, Covid 19, SARS-CoV-2, pregnancy, gravidity, pregnancy complications and pregnancy complications infectius. All study designs, reviews, recommendations and technical notes were included, without distinction of language and that would bring the approach of the new coronavirus in the gestational and perinatal scenario. Results: the COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating effects, affecting millions of people and claiming almost a million lives worldwide. Initially, pregnant women were not seen as a risk group for the disease, however as the proportion of women affected during the pregnancy-puerperal cycle increased, several studies were published showing an increased risk of complications. Brazilian studies have also warned of a high number of maternal deaths, associated with the presence of comorbidities but, above all, with the social determinants of the disease and serious failures in care. Conclusion: the need for new studies with an adequate research design was observed, as many studies are only letters or small series of cases, in addition expert recommendations, without the necessary scientific rigor.


Resumo Objetivos: revisar a literatura disponível sobre a COVID-19 e seus aspectos maternos e perinatais. Métodos: urna revisão narrativa de literatura foi realizada nos meses de março a setembro de 2020, utilizando os descritores, coronavirus, Covid 19, SARS-CoV-2, pregnancy, gravidity, pregnancy complications e pregnancy complications infectius. Foram incluidos todos os desenhos de estudo, revisões, recomendações e notas técnicas, sem distinção de idioma e que trouxessem a abordagem do novo coronavírus no cenárlo gestacional e perinatal. Resultados: a pandemia de COVID-19 vem apresentando efeitos devastadores, acometendo milhões depessoas e ceifando quase um milhão de vidas em todo o mundo. Inicialmente as gestantes não er am vistas como grupo de risco para a doença, porém na medida em que aumentou a proporção de mulheres acometidas durante o ciclo gravídico-puerperal diversos estudos foram publicados demostrando risco aumentado de complicações. Estudos brasileiros também alertaram para um número elevado de mortes maternas, associados à presença de comorbidades, mas, sobretudo, aos determinantes sociais da doença e a falhas graves da assistência. Conclusão: observou-se a necessidade de novos estudos com adequado delineamento de pesquisa, pois muitos estudos são apenas cartas ou pequenas séries de casos, além de recomendações de especialistas, sem o rigor científico necessário.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Grupos de Risco , Período Pós-Parto/fisiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Materna , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Mortalidade Perinatal , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3982, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-965743

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the chronology of first deciduous tooth eruption in children with microcephaly associated with presumed or confirmed Zika virus. Material and Methods: A longitudinal study was developed with 74 children of both sexes. Data on prematurity, gestational age (in weeks), anthropometric characteristics at birth [length (cm), weight (g) and cephalic perimeter (cm)] and dental eruption (chronological age and corrected age for prematurity in months) were collected and presented through descriptive statistics. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Results: The majority of children were female (54.1%) and 14.9% were born premature. The mean gestational age was 38.2 (± 1.9) weeks, while length, weight and cephalic perimeter at birth were 45.6 (± 3.1) cm, 2750 (± 526.6) and 30 (± 2.3) cm, respectively. The eruption of the first tooth occurred on average at 12.3 (± 3.0) months of chronological age and at 11.1 (± 2.3) months of corrected age. The first erupted teeth were the lower deciduous central incisors (82.4%). The mean age for dental eruption in males was 12.5 months (± 3.0) and in females 12.0 months (± 3.1) among full-term children. For premature infants, the mean corrected age of dental eruption was 11.5 months (± 3.4) for boys and 11 months (± 1.7) for girls. Conclusion: In this group of children with microcephaly, the first tooth to erupt was the lower central incisor around the first year of life. Girls had lower average eruption time when compared to boys in both chronological age and age corrected for prematurity.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Dente Decíduo/anormalidades , Erupção Dentária , Brasil , Criança , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico , Microcefalia/diagnóstico , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Estudos Epidemiológicos
10.
JAMA Neurol ; 73(12): 1407-1416, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27695855

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Recent studies have reported an increase in the number of fetuses and neonates with microcephaly whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus (ZIKV) during pregnancy. To our knowledge, most reports to date have focused on select aspects of the maternal or fetal infection and fetal effects. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes of 11 neonates who had developmental abnormalities and neurological damage associated with ZIKV infection in Brazil. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We observed 11 infants with congenital ZIKV infection from gestation to 6 months in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. Ten of 11 women included in this study presented with symptoms of ZIKV infection during the first half of pregnancy, and all 11 had laboratory evidence of the infection in several tissues by serology or polymerase chain reaction. Brain damage was confirmed through intrauterine ultrasonography and was complemented by magnetic resonance imaging. Histopathological analysis was performed on the placenta and brain tissue from infants who died. The ZIKV genome was investigated in several tissues and sequenced for further phylogenetic analysis. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Description of the major lesions caused by ZIKV congenital infection. RESULTS: Of the 11 infants, 7 (63.6%) were female, and the median (SD) maternal age at delivery was 25 (6) years. Three of 11 neonates died, giving a perinatal mortality rate of 27.3%. The median (SD) cephalic perimeter at birth was 31 (3) cm, a value lower than the limit to consider a microcephaly case. In all patients, neurological impairments were identified, including microcephaly, a reduction in cerebral volume, ventriculomegaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, lissencephaly with hydrocephalus, and fetal akinesia deformation sequence (ie, arthrogryposis). Results of limited testing for other causes of microcephaly, such as genetic disorders and viral and bacterial infections, were negative, and the ZIKV genome was found in both maternal and neonatal tissues (eg, amniotic fluid, cord blood, placenta, and brain). Phylogenetic analyses showed an intrahost virus variation with some polymorphisms in envelope genes associated with different tissues. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Combined findings from clinical, laboratory, imaging, and pathological examinations provided a more complete picture of the severe damage and developmental abnormalities caused by ZIKV infection than has been previously reported. The term congenital Zika syndrome is preferable to refer to these cases, as microcephaly is just one of the clinical signs of this congenital malformation disorder.


Assuntos
Artrogripose/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Zika virus , Anormalidades Múltiplas/etiologia , Brasil , Cerebelo/patologia , Cérebro/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Morte do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lisencefalia/etiologia , Masculino , Microcefalia/etiologia , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , Zika virus/genética , Zika virus/isolamento & purificação , Zika virus/patogenicidade , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito
11.
Radiology ; 281(1): 203-18, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27552432

RESUMO

Purpose To document the imaging findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection as found in the Instituto de Pesquisa in Campina Grande State Paraiba (IPESQ) in northeastern Brazil, where the congenital infection has been particularly severe. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to May 2016, 438 patients were referred to the IPESQ for rash occurring during pregnancy or for suspected fetal central nervous system abnormality. Patients who underwent imaging at IPESQ were included, as well as those with documented Zika virus infection in fluid or tissue (n = 17, confirmed infection cohort) or those with brain findings suspicious for Zika virus infection, with intracranial calcifications (n = 28, presumed infection cohort). Imaging examinations included 12 fetal magnetic resonance (MR) examinations, 42 postnatal brain computed tomographic examinations, and 11 postnatal brain MR examinations. Images were reviewed by four radiologists, with final opinion achieved by means of consensus. Results Brain abnormalities seen in confirmed (n = 17) and presumed (n = 28) congenital Zika virus infections were similar, with ventriculomegaly in 16 of 17 (94%) and 27 of 28 (96%) infections, respectively; abnormalities of the corpus callosum in 16 of 17 (94%) and 22 of 28 (78%) infections, respectively; and cortical migrational abnormalities in 16 of 17 (94%) and 28 of 28 (100%) infections, respectively. Although most fetuses underwent at least one examination that showed head circumference below the 5th percentile, head circumference could be normal in the presence of severe ventriculomegaly (seen in three fetuses). Intracranial calcifications were most commonly seen at the gray matter-white matter junction, in 15 of 17 (88%) and 28 of 28 (100%) confirmed and presumed infections, respectively. The basal ganglia and/or thalamus were also commonly involved with calcifications in 11 of 17 (65%) and 18 of 28 (64%) infections, respectively. The skull frequently had a collapsed appearance with overlapping sutures and redundant skin folds and, occasionally, intracranial herniation of orbital fat and clot in the confluence of sinuses. Conclusion The spectrum of findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection in the IPESQ in northeastern Brazil is illustrated to aid the radiologist in identifying Zika virus infection at imaging. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalopatias/virologia , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Fetais/virologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/virologia , Neuroimagem/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalopatias/congênito , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito
12.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 36(11): 525-526, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493406
13.
14.
Cad Saude Publica ; 28(6): 1078-90, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22666812

RESUMO

A case-control study (2008-2009) analyzed risk factors for preterm birth in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba State, Brazil. A total of 341 preterm births and 424 controls were included. A multiple logistic regression model was used. Risk factors for preterm birth were: previous history of preterm birth (OR = 2.32; 95%CI: 1.25-4.29), maternal age (OR = 2.00; 95%CI: 1.00-4.03), inadequate prenatal care (OR = 2.15; 95%CI: 1.40-3.27), inadequate maternal weight gain (OR = 2.33; 95%CI: 1.45-3.75), maternal physical injury (OR = 2.10; 95%CI: 1.22-3.60), hypertension with eclampsia (OR = 17.08; 95%CI: 3.67-79.43) and without eclampsia (OR = 6.42; 95%CI: 3.50-11.76), hospitalization (OR = 5.64; 95%CI: 3.47-9.15), altered amniotic fluid volume (OR = 2.28; 95%CI: 1.32-3.95), vaginal bleeding (OR = 1.54; 95%CI: 1.01-2.34), and multiple gestation (OR = 22.65; 95%CI: 6.22-82.46). High and homogeneous prevalence of poverty and low maternal schooling among both cases and controls may have contributed to the fact that socioeconomic variables did not remain significantly associated with preterm birth.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(6): 1078-1090, jun. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-626646

RESUMO

A case-control study (2008-2009) analyzed risk factors for preterm birth in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba State, Brazil. A total of 341 preterm births and 424 controls were included. A multiple logistic regression model was used. Risk factors for preterm birth were: previous history of preterm birth (OR = 2.32; 95%CI: 1.25-4.29), maternal age (OR = 2.00; 95%CI: 1.00-4.03), inadequate prenatal care (OR = 2.15; 95%CI: 1.40-3.27), inadequate maternal weight gain (OR = 2.33; 95%CI: 1.45-3.75), maternal physical injury (OR = 2.10; 95%CI: 1.22-3.60), hypertension with eclampsia (OR = 17.08; 95%CI: 3.67-79.43) and without eclampsia (OR = 6.42; 95%CI: 3.50-11.76), hospitalization (OR = 5.64; 95%CI: 3.47-9.15), altered amniotic fluid volume (OR = 2.28; 95%CI: 1.32-3.95), vaginal bleeding (OR = 1.54; 95%CI: 1.01-2.34), and multiple gestation (OR = 22.65; 95%CI: 6.22-82.46). High and homogeneous prevalence of poverty and low maternal schooling among both cases and controls may have contributed to the fact that socioeconomic variables did not remain significantly associated with preterm birth.


Estudo caso-controle (2008-2009) de base populacional que analisou fatores de risco para nascimento pré-termo em Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brasil. Foram incluídos 341 nascimentos pré-termo e 424 controles. Utilizou-se regressão logística múltipla. Foram fatores de risco: idade materna de 35 ou mais (OR = 2,00; IC95%: 1,00-4,03), pré-termo prévio (OR = 2,32; IC95%: 1,25-4,29), pré-natal inadequado (OR = 2,15; IC95%: 1,40-3,27), ganho ponderal materno insuficiente (OR = 2,33; IC95%: 1,45-3,75), dano físico materno (OR = 2,10; IC95%: 1,22-3,60), hipertensão arterial com eclampsia (OR = 17,08; IC95%: 3,67-79,43) e sem eclampsia (OR = 6,42; IC95%: 3,50-11,76), internação (OR = 5,64; IC95%: 3,47-9,15), alteração do volume amniótico (OR = 2,28; IC95%: 1,32-3,95); sangramento vaginal (OR = 1,54; IC95%: 1,01-2,34) e gestação múltipla (OR = 22,65; IC95%: 6,22-82,46). Elevada e homogênea prevalência de pobreza e baixa escolaridade pode ter contribuído para que as variáveis socioeconômicas não permanecessem com associação significativa para o nascimento pré-termo.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Modelos Logísticos , Prevalência , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 14(3): 455-66, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22069013

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of preterm birth has increased in recent years and it is currently a worldwide public health problem. In any epidemiological study, the greatest challenge facing the study of preterm delivery is to standardize the measurement of gestational age births. OBJECTIVE: To describe the methods used to define the sample under study and selection of events in case-control studies of risk factors for preterm birth in hospital births by mothers living in the city of Campina Grande (PB), Brazil. METHODS: The design was a case-control population-based, which was conducted from June 2008 to May 2009. The cases were born at less than 37 weeks of gestation and controls at 37 weeks or more. Gestational age in weeks was defined using selection criteria based on the accuracy of the estimate. Interviews were conducted with mothers and collection of hospital records. RESULTS: It was selected 341 cases and 424 controls, 13.19% were classified as extremely preterm (<28 weeks), 34.87% as very preterm (<33 weeks) and 65.10% as moderate preterm (33 to 36 weeks of gestation). Among controls, the percent of children born 37-39 weeks was 58.02 to 5.90% was born post term (>42 weeks). CONCLUSION: The strategies shown to be viable, even in a context with major limitations in obtaining the necessary information, given that the profile of preterm infants, the distribution of gestational age were comparable to studies with more accurate methods.


Assuntos
Idade Gestacional , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Nascimento Prematuro/classificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Prevalência
17.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 14(3): 455-466, set. 2011. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-604618

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A prevalência de nascimento pré-termo vem aumentando nos últimos anos e é atualmente um problema de saúde pública mundial. Em qualquer tipo de estudo epidemiológico, o grande desafio a ser enfrentado no estudo do parto pré-termo é a padronização da aferição da idade gestacional (IG) dos nascimentos. OBJETIVO: Descrever os métodos utilizados para a definição da amostra a ser estudada e seleção dos eventos em estudo caso-controle dos fatores de risco para nascimento pré-termo de partos hospitalares de mães residentes no município de Campina Grande (PB), Brasil. MÉTODOS: O desenho foi um caso-controle de base populacional, realizado no período de junho de 2008 a maio de 2009. Os casos foram nascidos com menos de 37 semanas gestacionais e os controles com 37 semanas ou mais. A idade gestacional foi definida em semanas utilizando-se critérios de seleção baseados na acurácia da estimativa. Foram realizadas entrevistas com as mães e coleta de registros hospitalares. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 341 casos e 424 controles; 13,19 por cento foram classificados como pré-termos extremos (<28 semanas), 34,87 por cento como muito pré-termo (<33 semanas) e 65,10 por cento como pré-termos moderados (33 a 36 semanas gestacionais). Entre os controles, o percentual de nascidos de 37 a 39 semanas foi de 58,02 e 5,90 por cento foi de nascidos pós-termo (>42 semanas). CONCLUSÃO: As estratégias adotadas mostraram-se viáveis, mesmo em um contexto com maiores limitações na obtenção das informações necessárias, dado que o perfil dos pré-termos, na distribuição da IG, se mostrou comparável a estudos com metodologias mais acuradas.


INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of preterm birth has increased in recent years and it is currently a worldwide public health problem. In any epidemiological study, the greatest challenge facing the study of preterm delivery is to standardize the measurement of gestational age births. OBJECTIVE: To describe the methods used to define the sample under study and selection of events in case-control studies of risk factors for preterm birth in hospital births by mothers living in the city of Campina Grande (PB), Brazil. METHODS: The design was a case-control population-based, which was conducted from June 2008 to May 2009. The cases were born at less than 37 weeks of gestation and controls at 37 weeks or more. Gestational age in weeks was defined using selection criteria based on the accuracy of the estimate. Interviews were conducted with mothers and collection of hospital records. RESULTS: It was selected 341 cases and 424 controls, 13.19 percent were classified as extremely preterm (<28 weeks), 34.87 percent as very preterm (<33 weeks) and 65.10 percent as moderate preterm (33 to 36 weeks of gestation). Among controls, the percent of children born 37-39 weeks was 58.02 to 5.90 percent was born post term (>42 weeks). CONCLUSION: The strategies shown to be viable, even in a context with major limitations in obtaining the necessary information, given that the profile of preterm infants, the distribution of gestational age were comparable to studies with more accurate methods.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Idade Gestacional , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Nascimento Prematuro/classificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Prevalência , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia
18.
Femina ; 39(6): 303-312, jun. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-613324

RESUMO

O nascimento de um feto saudável sempre constituiu um dos principais objetivos da Obstetrícia. Nos dias atuais, vários procedimentos têm sido utilizados com esta finalidade, porém, apesar da evolução dos métodos diagnósticos e da melhor compreensão da fisiopatologia do sofrimento fetal, ainda existem lacunas no conhecimento sobre o comportamento do feto frente à hipóxia. Outro fator complicador na avaliação do sofrimento fetal é o grande número de doenças maternas com diferentes fisiopatologias que podem interferir no bem-estar fetal. Esta revisão tem como objetivo descrever os principais métodos de avaliação biofísica da vitalidade fetal, com base nas melhores evidências científicas correntemente disponíveis na literatura, e incluindo níveis de evidências e graus de recomendação. Será abordada a avaliação da vitalidade fetal nos casos de insuficiência placentária, não sendo estudadas as situações especiais, como diabetes e gestação múltipla. Evidencia-se uma falta de consenso sobre qual procedimento deve ser utilizado na avaliação da vitalidade fetal, na prática clínica diária. As sociedades internacionais recomendam a realização da doplervelocimetria, da cardiotocografia e do perfil biofísico fetal apenas em gestantes de alto risco, com suspeita de insuficiência placentária ou com restrição de crescimento intrauterino


The birth of a healthy baby has always been an important goal of Obstetrics. Nowadays, many procedures have been used for this purpose, but despite great development in diagnostic methods and better understanding of pathophysiology of fetal distress, there are still gaps in knowledge about fetal behavior in situations of hypoxia. Another complicating factor in the assessment of fetal distress is the large number of maternal diseases with different pathophysiology, which can compromise fetal well-being. This review aims at describing the main methods for fetal assessment, based on the best scientific evidence currently available, including levels of evidence and grades of recommendation. Only fetal evaluation in cases of placental insufficiency will be addressed, and special situations such as diabetes and multiple pregnancies will not be studied. Current evidences show a lack of consensus on what is the best procedure to assess fetal well-being in clinical practice. International societies recommend the performance of Doppler velocimetry, cardiotocography, and fetal biophysical profile only in high-risk pregnancies with suspected placental insufficiency or restricted intrauterine growth


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cardiotocografia , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Monitorização Fetal/métodos , Sofrimento Fetal/diagnóstico , Sofrimento Fetal/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca Fetal/fisiologia , Hipóxia Fetal/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Placentária/diagnóstico , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Fenômenos Biofísicos/fisiologia
20.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 31(7): 367-74, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19838583

RESUMO

A good quality prenatal assistance is essential to warrant perinatal and maternal health. Nowadays, due to the evolution of diagnostic methods and the change in illness prevalence, such as the increase in diabetes and sexually transmitted diseases, several propedeutic procedures are available. This introduces further difficulty for clinicians to select the most adequate procedures and when to apply them during gestation, assuring the best results for both mother and infant. The present review aimed at evaluating the main prenatal routine tests on the basis of the best scientific evidence presently available.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
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