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1.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(11): 1391-1396, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a therapeutic modality for patients with heart failure (HF). The effectiveness of this treatment for event reduction is based on clinical trials where the population of patients with Chagas' disease (DC) is underrepresented. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognosis after CRT of a population in which CD is an endemic cause of HF. METHODS: A retrospective cohort conducted between January 2015 and December 2016 that included patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than 35% and undergoing CRT. Clinical and demographic data were collected to search for predictors for the combined outcome of death or hospitalization for HF at one year after CRT implantation. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were evaluated, and 13 (24.1%) presented CD as the etiology of HF. The mean LVEF was 26.2± 6.1%, and 36 (66.7%) patients presented functional class III or IV HF. After the mean follow-up of 15 (±6,9) months, 17 (32.1%) patients presented the combined outcome. In the univariate analysis, CD was associated with the combined event when compared to other etiologies of HF, 8 (47%) vs. 9 (13,5%), RR: 3,91 CI: 1,46-10,45, p=0,007, as well as lower values of LVEF. In the multivariate analysis, CD and LVEF remained independent risk factors for the combined outcome. CONCLUSION: In a population of HF patients undergoing CRT, CD was independently associated with mortality and hospitalization for HF.

2.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 12(1): 122, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29284532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of peri-procedural myocardial infarction is complex, especially after the emergence of high-sensitivity markers of myocardial necrosis. METHODS: In this study, patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers and formal indication for elective on-pump coronary bypass surgery were evaluated. Electrocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. Myocardial infarction was defined as more than ten times the upper reference limit of the 99th percentile for troponin I and for creatine kinase isoform (CK-MB) and by the findings of new late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance. We assessed the release of cardiac biomarkers in patients with no evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of 75 patients referred for on-pump coronary bypass surgery, 54 (100%) did not have evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. However, all had a peak troponin I above the 99th percentile; 52 (96%) had an elevation 10 times higher than the 99th percentile. Regarding CK-MB, 54 (100%) patients had a peak CK-MB above the 99th percentile limit, and only 13 (24%) had an elevation greater than 10 times the 99th percentile. The median value of troponin I peak was 3.15 (1.2 to 3.9) ng/mL, which represented 78.7 times the 99th percentile. CONCLUSION: In this study, different from CK-MB findings, troponin was significantly increased in the absence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. Thus, CK-MB was more accurate than troponin I for excluding procedure-related myocardial infarction. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of coronary bypass surgery related myocardial infarction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN09454308 . Registered 08 May 2012.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Gadolínio , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. [63] p. tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-871597

RESUMO

Introdução: A liberação de biomarcadores de necrose miocárdica após a intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) ocorre frequentemente. No entanto, a correlação entre a liberação dos biomarcadores e o diagnóstico do infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) tipo 4a tem gerado controvérsia, especialmente com o aumento da sensibilidade nos ensaios de troponina (Tn). Neste estudo, objetivamos quantificar a liberação dos biomarcadores cardíacos em pacientes submetidos à ICP eletiva sem o surgimento de novo realce tardio pelo gadolínio (RTG) na ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) após o procedimento. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronária estável e função ventricular preservada, com indicação eletiva para ICP em pelo menos duas artérias epicárdicas. RMC com RTG foi realizada em todos os pacientes antes e depois das intervenções. Medidas seriadas de Tn e creatinoquinase fração MB (CK-MB) foram realizadas imediatamente antes do procedimento até 48 horas após. Pacientes com novo RTG na RMC após o procedimento foram excluídos. Resultados: 71 pacientes foram referenciados para a realização eletiva da ICP sendo que 15 (21,1%) foram excluídos, 10 (14,1%) por causa do surgimento de um novo RTG na RMC após a ICP. Nos 56 pacientes sem a evidência de IAM tipo 4a pela RMC predominava o gênero masculino 37 (66,1%) com idade média de 61,7 (± 8,4) anos e escore de SYNTAX médio de 16,6 (± 7,7). Após a ICP, 48 (85,1%) pacientes apresentaram um pico de elevação de Tn acima do percentil 99 sendo que em 32 (57,1%) a elevação foi superior a 5 vezes esse limite, enquanto que apenas 2 (3,6%) apresentaram um pico de CK-MB maior do que 5 vezes o percentil 99. A mediana do pico de liberação da Tn foi de 0,290 (0,061 - 1,09) ng/mL, valor 7,25 vezes superior ao percentil 99. Conclusão: Diferentemente da CK-MB, a liberação da troponina I ocorre com frequência após procedimento de ICP mesmo na ausência de realce tardio pelo gadolínio na ressonância magnética cardíaca.


Background: The release of myocardial necrosis biomarkers after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) frequently occurs. However, the correlation between biomarker release and the diagnosis of procedurerelated myocardial infarction (MI) (type 4a) has been controversial. This study aims to evaluate the amount and pattern of cardiac biomarker release after elective PCI in patients without the image of a new MI after the procedure assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Methods: Patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers referred for elective PCI were prospectively included. CMR with LGE was performed in all of the patients before and after the interventions. Measurements of troponin I (TnI) and creatinekinase MB fraction (CK-MB) were systematically performed before and after the procedure. Patients with a new LGE on the post-procedure CMR were excluded. Results: Of the 56 patients without the evidence of a procedure-related MI assessed by the CMR after PCI, 48 (85.1%) exhibited a TnI elevation peak above the 99th percentile. In 32 (57.1%), the peak was greater than 5 times this limit. On the other hand, 17 (30.4%) had a CK-MB peak above the limit of the 99th percentile, and this peak was greater than 5 times the 99th percentile in only 2 patients (3.6%). The median peak release of TnI was 0.290 (0.061 to 1.09) ng/ml, which is 7.25-fold higher than the 99th percentile. Conclusions: In contrast to CK-MB, TnI release often occurs after an elective PCI procedure, despite the absence of a new LGE on CMR.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Angioplastia , Biomarcadores , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Troponina
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 13: 117, 2013 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful mechanism of myocardial protection and in humans it can be evaluated by sequential exercise tests. Coronary Artery Disease in the presence of diabetes mellitus may be associated with worse outcomes. In addition, some studies have shown that diabetes interferes negatively with the development of ischemic preconditioning. However, it is still unknown whether diabetes may influence the expression of ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will include 140 diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic, stable coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function. The patients will be submitted to two sequential exercise tests with 30-minutes interval between them. Ischemic parameters will be compared between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Ischemic preconditioning will be considered present when time to 1.0 mm ST-segment deviation is greater in the second of two sequential exercise tests. Exercise tests will be analyzed by two independent cardiologists. DISCUSSION: Ischemic preconditioning was first demonstrated by Murry et al. in dog's hearts. Its work was reproduced by other authors, clearly demonstrating that brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion triggers cardioprotective mechanisms against subsequent and severe ischemia. On the other hand, the demonstration of ischemic preconditioning in humans requires the presence of clinical symptoms or physiological changes difficult to be measured. One methodology largely accepted are the sequential exercise tests, in which, the improvement in the time to 1.0 mm ST depression in the second of two sequential tests is considered manifestation of ischemic preconditioning.Diabetes is an important and independent determinant of clinical prognosis. It's a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Furthermore, the association of diabetes with stable coronary artery disease imposes worse prognosis, irrespective of treatment strategy. It's still not clearly known the mechanisms responsible by these worse outcomes. Impairment in the mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning may be one major cause of this worse prognosis, but, in the clinical setting, this is not known. The present study aims to evaluate how diabetes mellitus interferes with ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable, multivessel coronary artery disease and preserved systolic ventricular function.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 21(3): 276-280, 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-690661

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O diagnóstico da cardiomiopatia isquêmica é frequentemente difícil. A angiografia coronária (AC) é limitada, por ser invasiva e de avaliação exclusivamente anatômica. A ressonância nuclear magnética cardíaca (RNM) com realce tardio pelo gadolínio (RTG) pode mensurar padrões de fibrose miocárdica ocasionados pela isquemia. Porém, o RTG pode não detectar isquemia que não resultou em fibrose. Assim, uma avaliação clínica meticulosa pelo cardiologista parece ser a maneira mais eficaz para definir o diagnóstico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a AC e o RTG como métodos complementares para o diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia isquêmica em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica sem etiologia definida. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo < 45% e etiologia indefinida após avaliação não invasiva inicial foram submetidos à AC e à RNM com RTG para definição etiológica. A análise dos casos por dois cardiologistas foi o padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia isquêmica. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 24 pacientes. A sensibilidade para detecção de cardiomiopatia isquêmica foi de 0,45 para AC vs. 0,81 do RTG. A especificidade da AC foi de 1,0 vs. 0,84 do RTG. O valor preditivo positivo foi de 1,0 vs. 0,81, e o valor preditivo negativo foi 0,68 vs. 0,84 para AC e do RTG, respectivamente. A acurácia do RTG foi superior a da AC (0,83 vs. 0,75). CONCLUSÕES: O RTG foi mais sensível do que a AC na avaliação etiológica da disfunção ventricular, enquanto a AC foi mais específica. A definição de cardiomiopatia isquêmica utilizando cada um dos métodos em separado apresentou limitações.


BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy is frequently difficult. Coronary angiography (CA) is limited because it is invasive and the evaluation is exclusively anatomic. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) measures patterns of myocardial fibrosis caused by ischemia. However, LGE does not detect ischemia that does not result in fibrosis. Thus, a thorough clinical evaluation by a cardiologist seems to be the most effective option for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate CA and LGE as complementary methods for the diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy in patients with systolic heart failure of unknown etiology. METHODS: Patients with systolic heart failure, left ventricle ejection fraction < 45% and unknown etiology after initial non-invasive evaluation were submitted to CA and MRI with LGE to define the etiology of the disease. Patient evaluation by two cardiologists was the gold standard for the diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included. The sensitivity to detect ischemic cardiomyopathy was 0.45 for CA vs. 0.81 for LGE. The specificity was 1.0 for CA vs. 0.84 for LGE. The positive predictive value was 1.0 vs. 0.81 and the negative predictive value was 0.68 vs. 0.84 for CA and LGE, respectively. LGE accuracy was superior to CA accuracy (0.83 vs. 0.75). CONCLUSIONS: LGE was more sensitive than CA to evaluate the etiology of ventricular dysfunction, whereas CA was more specific. The diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy using each one of the methods separately presented limitations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Gadolínio , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Disfunção Ventricular
6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 12: 65, 2012 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22898311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of correlation between the release, the volume of myocardial tissue loss, and the long-term significance. Delayed-enhancement of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) consistently quantifies areas of irreversible myocardial injury. To investigate the quantitative relationship between irreversible injury and cardiac biomarkers, we will evaluate the extent of irreversible injury in patients undergoing PCI and CABG and relate it to postprocedural modifications in cardiac biomarkers and long-term prognosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will include 150 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and a formal indication for CABG; 50 patients will undergo CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); 50 patients with the same arterial and ventricular condition indicated for myocardial revascularization will undergo CABG without CPB; and another 50 patients with CAD and preserved ventricular function will undergo PCI using stents. All patients will undergo CMR before and after surgery or PCI. We will also evaluate the release of cardiac markers of necrosis immediately before and after each procedure. Primary outcome considered is overall death in a 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes are levels of CK-MB isoenzyme and I-Troponin in association with presence of myocardial fibrosis and systolic left ventricle dysfunction assessed by CMR. DISCUSSION: The MASS-V Trial aims to establish reliable values for parameters of enzyme markers of myocardial necrosis in the absence of manifest myocardial infarction after mechanical interventions. The establishments of these indices have diagnostic value and clinical prognosis and therefore require relevant and different therapeutic measures. In daily practice, the inappropriate use of these necrosis markers has led to misdiagnosis and therefore wrong treatment. The appearance of a more sensitive tool such as CMR provides an unprecedented diagnostic accuracy of myocardial damage when correlated with necrosis enzyme markers. We aim to correlate laboratory data with imaging, thereby establishing more refined data on the presence or absence of irreversible myocardial injury after the procedure, either percutaneous or surgical, and this, with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 98(5): 437-441, maio 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-643647

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A realização da angiografia coronariana na insuficiência cardíaca sem etiologia definida é frequentemente justificada para avaliação diagnóstica de cardiopatia isquêmica. Porém, o benefício clínico dessa estratégia não é conhecido. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de cardiopatia isquêmica mediante critérios angiográficos em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca e fração de ejeção reduzida sem etiologia, assim como o seu impacto na decisão terapêutica. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados pacientes ambulatoriais consecutivos com insuficiência cardíaca e disfunção sistólica, que tiveram a angiografia coronariana indicada para esclarecimento etiológico da cardiopatia, no período de 1º de janeiro de 2009 a 31 de dezembro de 2010. Os pacientes com diagnóstico de doença arterial coronariana, sorologia positiva para doença de Chagas, cardiopatia congênita, valvopatia grave ou pacientes submetidos a transplante cardíaco foram excluídos da análise. A amostra foi dividida em dois grupos conforme a indicação do cateterismo. Grupo-1: Sintomáticos em razão de angina ou insuficiência cardíaca refratária. Grupo-2: Presença de > 2 fatores de risco para doença arterial coronariana RESULTADOS: Cento e sete pacientes foram incluídos para análise, sendo 51 (47,7%) pacientes pertencentes ao Grupo-1 e 56 (52,3%), ao Grupo-2. A prevalência de cardiopatia isquêmica foi de 9,3% (10 pacientes), e todos pertenciam ao Grupo-1 (p = 0,0001). Durante o seguimento, apenas 4 (3,7%) tiveram indicação de revascularização miocárdica; 3 (2,8%) pacientes apresentaram complicações relacionadas ao procedimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso trabalho, a realização da angiografia coronariana em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca e disfunção sistólica sem etiologia, apesar de embasada pelas atuais diretrizes, não evidenciou benefício quando indicada apenas pela presença de fatores de risco para doença arterial coronariana.


BACKGROUND: Performing a coronary angiography in patients with heart failure of unknown etiology is often justified by the diagnostic assessment of ischemic heart disease. However, the clinical benefit of this strategy is not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of ischemic heart disease by angiographic criteria in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction of unknown etiology, as well as its impact on therapy decisions. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction, who had an indication for coronary angiography to clarify the etiology of heart disease were assessed from 1 January 2009 to December 31, 2010. Patients diagnosed with coronary artery disease, positive serology for Chagas disease, congenital heart disease, valve disease or patients undergoing cardiac transplantation were excluded from the analysis. The sample was divided into two groups according to the indication for catheterization. Group-1: Symptomatic due to angina or heart failure. Group-2: Presence of > 2 risk factors for coronary artery disease RESULTS: One hundred and seven patients were included in the analysis, with 51 (47.7%) patients in Group 1 and 56 (52.3%) in Group 2. The prevalence of ischemic heart disease was 9.3% (10 patients), and all belonged to Group 1 (p = 0.0001). During follow-up, only 4 (3.7%) were referred for CABG; 3 (2.8%) patients had procedure-related complications. CONCLUSION: In our study, coronary angiography in patients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction of unknown etiology, although supported by current guidelines, did not show benefits when performed only due to the presence of risk factors for coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angiografia Coronária , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Isquemia Miocárdica , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 98(5): 437-41, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22499335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Performing a coronary angiography in patients with heart failure of unknown etiology is often justified by the diagnostic assessment of ischemic heart disease. However, the clinical benefit of this strategy is not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of ischemic heart disease by angiographic criteria in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction of unknown etiology, as well as its impact on therapy decisions. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction, who had an indication for coronary angiography to clarify the etiology of heart disease were assessed from 1 January 2009 to December 31, 2010. Patients diagnosed with coronary artery disease, positive serology for Chagas disease, congenital heart disease, valve disease or patients undergoing cardiac transplantation were excluded from the analysis. The sample was divided into two groups according to the indication for catheterization. Group-1: Symptomatic due to angina or heart failure. Group-2: Presence of > 2 risk factors for coronary artery disease RESULTS: One hundred and seven patients were included in the analysis, with 51 (47.7%) patients in Group 1 and 56 (52.3%) in Group 2. The prevalence of ischemic heart disease was 9.3% (10 patients), and all belonged to Group 1 (p = 0.0001). During follow-up, only 4 (3.7%) were referred for CABG; 3 (2.8%) patients had procedure-related complications. CONCLUSION: In our study, coronary angiography in patients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction of unknown etiology, although supported by current guidelines, did not show benefits when performed only due to the presence of risk factors for coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
11.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 19(2): 137-143, abr.-jun. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-466808

RESUMO

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Atualmente, há uma tendência crescente de se buscar o "morrer com dignidade", mais do que prolongar inutilmente o sofrimento de pacientes terminais em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a utilização de condutas que sugerem limitação terapêutica (LT) em pacientes que foram a óbito em UTI Adulto. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, retrospectivo, que avaliou prontuários médicos de pacientes que foram a óbito na UTI geral de um hospital privado de Salvador-BA, entre janeiro e agosto de 2003, com internação superior a 24 horas na unidade. Os pacientes foram classificados, em relação ao óbito, em "não resposta a medidas de reanimação", "morte encefálica", "decisão de não reanimar" (DNR), "não adoção ou retirada de medidas de suporte de vida", sendo estas duas últimas consideradas medidas sugestivas de limitação terapêutica. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos dados referentes a 67 pacientes, correspondendo a 90,4 por cento dos pacientes falecidos na unidade durante o período. Destes, 56,7 por cento eram mulheres e a idade média dos pacientes foi de 66,58 ± 17,86 anos. Medidas sugestivas de LT foram encontradas em 59,7 por cento dos pacientes, sendo a mais importante "não adoção de medidas de suporte" (35,8 por cento), seguida de DNR (17,9 por cento) e "retirada de medidas de suporte" (6 por cento). A utilização de fármacos vasoativos e métodos dialíticos foram as medidas de suporte mais omitidas, enquanto antibioticoterapia foi a mais retirada. A utilização de medidas de LT foi mais freqüente nos pacientes clínicos. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados do presente estudo sugerem altas freqüências de condutas médicas sugestivas de LT em UTI geral no Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos terapêuticos que possam causar desconforto ou sofrimento aos pacientes terminais, como nutrição, sedação e analgesia, raramente foram omitidos ou retirados.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a growing tendency of looking for "dying with dignity", rather than to prolong death and suffering of terminal patients on intensive care units (ICU). This study aims to evaluate medical practices that suggest therapeutic limitation (TL) in patients who died in an adult ICU. METHODS: A retrospective exploratory study was carried out to evaluate medical records of patients who died in a general adult ICU of a private hospital in Salvador-BA, between January and August of 2003, after at least 24 hours from the admission. The patients were classified, in relation to their deaths, in: "not responding to cardiopulmonary resuscitation", "brain death", "decision not to resuscitate" (DNR) and "withhold or withdrawal life-support measures". RESULTS: Sixty seven patients were included, corresponding to 90.4 percent of the deaths occurred in this ICU during the referred period. The most of them (56.7 percent) were women and the patientsÆ mean age was 66.58 ± 17.86 years. Suggestive measures of TL were found in 59.7 percent of the patients, being "withhold of life-support measures" the most important (35.8 percent), followed by DNR (17.9 percent) and "withdrawal of life-support measures" (6 percent). The procedures most commonly omitted were use of vasoactive drugs and dialysis, while antibiotics were the most discontinued. The use of TL measures was more frequent in clinical patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest high frequencies of medical conducts suggestive of TL in a general ICU in Northeast of Brazil. Therapeutic methods that could cause discomfort or suffering to the patients, as nutrition, sedation and analgesia, were rarely omitted or discontinued.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Futilidade Médica/ética , Suspensão de Tratamento
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 19(1): 53-59, jan.-mar. 2007. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-466769

RESUMO

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O ambiente hospitalar, especialmente o de uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI), devido à complexidade do atendimento prestado, bem como a estrutura física, o barulho, os equipamentos e a movimentação das pessoas, é tido como gerador de estresse para os pacientes. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar e estratificar os estressores para pacientes internados em UTI, na perspectiva do próprio paciente, familiares e profissionais de saúde. MÉTODO: Estudo de corte transversal realizado entre junho e novembro de 2004, na UTI geral de hospital privado. A amostra foi composta por três grupos: pacientes (G1), familiares (G2) e um membro da equipe da UTI responsável pelo atendimento do paciente incluído (G3). Para identificação e estratificação dos fatores estressantes, utilizou-se a Escala de Estressores em UTI (Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale - ICUESS). Para cada paciente e participante, foi calculado um escore total de estresse (ETE) pela soma de todas as respostas da escala. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 30 pacientes e participantes em cada grupo. A média de idade foi de: 57,30 ± 17,61 anos para o G1; 41,43 ± 12,19 anos para o G2; e 40,82 ± 20,20 anos para o G3. A média do ETS foi: 62,63 ± 14,01 para os pacientes; 91,10 ± 30,91 para os familiares; e 99,30 ± 21,60 para os profissionais. A média do ETS dos pacientes foi estatisticamente inferior à encontrada nos familiares e nos profissionais de saúde (p < 0,01). Os principais estressores para os pacientes foram: ver a família e amigos por apenas alguns minutos do dia; tubos no nariz e/ou boca; e não ter controle de si mesmo. CONCLUSÕES: A percepção sobre os principais estressores foi diferente entre os três grupos. A identificação destes fatores é importante para a implementação de medidas que possam facilitar a humanização do ambiente da UTI.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The hospital environment, especially in Intensive Care Units (ICU), due to the complexity of the assistance, as well as the physical structure, the noise, the equipments and people's movement, is considered as stress generator for the patients. The aim of this study was to identify and stratify the stressful factors for patients at an ICU, in the perspective of the own patient, relatives and health care professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out between June and November 2004 in a general ICU of a private hospital. The sample was composed of three groups: patients (G1), relatives (G2) and a member of the ICU health care team responsible for the included patient (G3). In order to identify and stratify the stressful factors, we used the Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale (ICUESS). For each individual, a total stress score (TSS) was calculated from the sum of all the answers of the scale. RESULTS: Thirty individuals were included in each group. The mean age of the three groups was: 57.30 ± 17.61 years for G1; 41.43 ± 12.19 for G2; and 40.82 ± 20.20 for G3. The mean TSS was 62.63 ± 14.01 for the patients; 91.10 ± 30.91 for the relatives; and 99.30 ± 21.60 for the health care professionals. The patients' mean TSS was statistically lower than mean TSS of relatives and professionals (p < 0.01). The most stressful factors for the patients were: seeing family and friends only a few minutes a day; having tubes in their nose and/or mouth; and having no control on oneself. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of the main stressful factors was different among the three groups. The identification of these factors is important to the implementation of changes that can make the humanization of the ICU environment easier.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estresse Fisiológico
13.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 19(1): 53-9, 2007 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25310660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The hospital environment, especially in Intensive Care Units (ICU), due to the complexity of the assistance, as well as the physical structure, the noise, the equipments and people's movement, is considered as stress generator for the patients. The aim of this study was to identify and stratify the stressful factors for patients at an ICU, in the perspective of the own patient, relatives and health care professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out between June and November 2004 in a general ICU of a private hospital. The sample was composed of three groups: patients (G1), relatives (G2) and a member of the ICU health care team responsible for the included patient (G3). In order to identify and stratify the stressful factors, we used the Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale (ICUESS). For each individual, a total stress score (TSS) was calculated from the sum of all the answers of the scale. RESULTS: Thirty individuals were included in each group. The mean age of the three groups was: 57.30 ± 17.61 years for G1; 41.43 ± 12.19 for G2; and 40.82 ± 20.20 for G3. The mean TSS was 62.63 ± 14.01 for the patients; 91.10 ± 30.91 for the relatives; and 99.30 ± 21.60 for the health care professionals. The patients' mean TSS was statistically lower than mean TSS of relatives and professionals (p < 0.01). The most stressful factors for the patients were: seeing family and friends only a few minutes a day; having tubes in their nose and/or mouth; and having no control on oneself. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of the main stressful factors was different among the three groups. The identification of these factors is important to the implementation of changes that can make the humanization of the ICU environment easier.

14.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 19(2): 137-43, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25310771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a growing tendency of looking for "dying with dignity", rather than to prolong death and suffering of terminal patients on intensive care units (ICU). This study aims to evaluate medical practices that suggest therapeutic limitation (TL) in patients who died in an adult ICU. METHODS: A retrospective exploratory study was carried out to evaluate medical records of patients who died in a general adult ICU of a private hospital in Salvador-BA, between January and August of 2003, after at least 24 hours from the admission. The patients were classified, in relation to their deaths, in: "not responding to cardiopulmonary resuscitation", "brain death", "decision not to resuscitate" (DNR) and "withhold or withdrawal life-support measures". RESULTS: Sixty seven patients were included, corresponding to 90.4% of the deaths occurred in this ICU during the referred period. The most of them (56.7%) were women and the patients’ mean age was 66.58 ± 17.86 years. Suggestive measures of TL were found in 59.7% of the patients, being "withhold of life-support measures" the most important (35.8%), followed by DNR (17.9%) and "withdrawal of life-support measures" (6%). The procedures most commonly omitted were use of vasoactive drugs and dialysis, while antibiotics were the most discontinued. The use of TL measures was more frequent in clinical patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest high frequencies of medical conducts suggestive of TL in a general ICU in Northeast of Brazil. Therapeutic methods that could cause discomfort or suffering to the patients, as nutrition, sedation and analgesia, were rarely omitted or discontinued.

15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 85(6): 425-427, dez. 2005. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-419802

RESUMO

Não há descrição na literatura de comprometimento da função cardíaca associado à cisticercose. Os autores relatam o caso de uma mulher de 46 anos, portadora de cisticercose e insuficiência cardíaca, cujo ecocardiograma é compatível com cardiomiopatia restritiva e o aspecto miocárdico é de microcalcificações, sugerindo infiltração cardíaca pela doença.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiomiopatia Restritiva/parasitologia , Cisticercose/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Restritiva , Cisticercose , Neurocisticercose
16.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 85(6): 425-7, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16429204

RESUMO

There is no description of cysticercosis affecting heart function. In the present report, the authors describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with cardiac cysticercosis and heart failure, presenting with echocardiographic findings suggestive of restrictive cardiomyopathy and myocardial microcalcifications suggestive of cardiac infiltration by the disease.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Restritiva/parasitologia , Cisticercose/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Restritiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisticercose/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurocisticercose/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Ultrassonografia
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