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Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587856


Prior studies have reported pulmonary function tests (PFT) before and after related and unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, limited data exist on the evaluation of lung function after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HAPLO) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We retrospectively reported the evaluation of PFTs at screening before HAPLO in 80 patients at 100 days and 1 year of follow-up. The proportion of surviving patients with available PFTs at 100 days and 1 year were 86% and 68%, respectively. During the follow-up period, four patients met the criteria for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and two for interstitial lung disease. Overall survival was 73% (95% CI 62-82%) at 2 years. We observed a significant reduction in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected for the most recent hemoglobin concentration (DLCOc) at 100 days after HAPLO. However, an overall substantial stable pulmonary function was observed at 1 year.

Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633


This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.

Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(2): 419-427, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012207


We assessed the outcomes associated with thiotepa, busulfan and fludarabine (TBF) conditioning regimen in a cohort of 29 consecutive patients allografted for myelofibrosis (MF). The median age was 56 (range 42-70) years. According to the refined Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS-plus), 15 (52%) patients were classified as high risk. Graft source was peripheral blood stem cells in 27 patients. Donor type was HLA-matched related (n = 5), matched unrelated (n = 16), mismatched unrelated (n = 1), and haploidentical (n = 7). All but 2 patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 21% (95% CI, 10-42) at day 100. The CI of chronic GVHD was 39% (95% CI, 23-65) at 3 years. The median follow-up period was 39 (range 14-60) months. Overall survival was 69% (95% CI, 50-83) at 3 years. No relapse was observed. TBF is a valid conditioning strategy in patients with MF.

Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
Front Oncol ; 10: 592487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262948


Multiple myeloma (MM) is the most common indication for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), and outpatient models have been widely developed in this setting. Although numerous studies have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of outpatient ASCT, it is not a routine procedure. Stringent guidelines for patient selection and clinical management, including functional status, caregiver support, and psychological aspects, are essential to identify eligible patients. However, there is still no general agreement on these criteria. Quality of life data are limited and contradictory. There is considerable variability in outpatient transplant models, and there are no randomised studies supporting the use of one over the other. Studies evaluating results in terms of long-term survival, transplant toxicity in comparison with a standard approach are lacking. The procedure is cost-effective within the context of a hospital budget, but an in-depth analysis of the real cost of these programmes has yet to be performed.