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1.
Curr Oncol ; 29(5): 3364-3374, 2022 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35621663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information on immune responses in cancer patients following mRNA COVID-19 vaccines is still insufficient, but generally, patients had impaired serological responses, especially those with hematological malignancies. We evaluated serological response to COVID-19 mRNA vaccine in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In total, 195 cancer patients and 400 randomly selected controls who had been administered a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines in two doses were compared. The threshold of positivity was 4.33 BAU/mL. Patients were receiving anticancer treatment after the first and second dose of the vaccines. RESULTS: a TOTAL OF 169 patients (87%) had solid tumors and 26 hemolymphopoietic diseases. Seropositivity rate was lower in patients than controls (91% vs. 96%), with an age/gender-adjusted rate ratio (RR) of 0.95 (95% CL = 0.89-1.02). Positivity was found in 97% of solid cancers and in 50% of hemolymphopoietic tumors. Both advanced and adjuvant therapy seemed to slightly reduce seropositivity rates in patients when compared to controls (RR = 0.97, 95% CL = 0.89-1.06; RR = 0.94, 95% CL = 0.87-1.01). CONCLUSIONS: the response to vaccination is similar in patients affected by solid tumors to controls. On the contrary, hemolymphopietic patients show a much lower response than controls.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Formação de Anticorpos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinas Sintéticas
2.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 20(4): e253-e262, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regorafenib is a key agent in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but no validated factors predicting longer survival are available. PATIENTS AND METHODS: REALITY was a retrospective multicenter trial in regorafenib-treated mCRC patients with overall survival (OS) ≥ 6 months. We aimed to assess the association between clinical parameters and outcome to define a panel identifying long term survivors among regorafenib candidates. Primary and secondary endpoints were OS and progression free survival (PFS), respectively. Statistical analysis was performed with MedCalc (survival distribution: Kaplan-Meier; survival comparison: log-rank test; independent role of significant variables at univariate analysis: logistic regression). RESULTS: Hundred regorafenib-treated mCRC patients with OS ≥ 6 months were enrolled. Median OS was 11.5 m (95%CI:9.60-12.96); median PFS was 4.2 months (95% CI:3.43-43.03). The absence of liver progression and of dose and/or schedule changes during the first 4 cycles (mainly for good tolerability) were independently correlated at multivariate analysis with OS (Exp(b)1.8869, P= .0277and Exp(b)2.2000, P = .0313) and PFS (Exp(b)2.1583, P = .0065 and Exp(b)2.3036, P= .0169). Patients with neither of these variables had a significantly improved OS (n = 14, 20.8 months; 95% CI:12.967-55.267) versus others (n = 86, 10 months; 95% CI:8.367-12.167; HR = 0.4902, P = .0045) and PFS (11.3 months, 95%CI:4.267-35.8 vs. 3.9 months, 95% CI:3.167-43.033; HR = 0.4648, P = .0086). CONCLUSION: These 2 factors might allow clinicians to better identify patients more likely to benefit from regorafenib. Toxicity management remains crucial.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Compostos de Fenilureia , Piridinas , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(5)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, no robust data supported the efficacy, safety and recommendation for influenza vaccination in patients with cancer receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). METHODS: The prospective multicenter observational INfluenza Vaccine Indication During therapy with Immune checkpoint inhibitors (INVIDIa-2) study investigated the clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccination in patients with advanced cancer receiving ICIs, enrolled in 82 Italian centers from October 2019 to January 2020. The primary endpoint was the time-adjusted incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) until April 30, 2020. Secondary endpoints regarded ILI severity and vaccine safety. RESULTS: The study enrolled 1279 patients; 1188 patients were evaluable for the primary endpoint analysis. Of them, 48.9% (581) received influenza vaccination. The overall ILI incidence was 8.2% (98 patients). Vaccinated patients were significantly more frequently elderly (p<0.0001), males (p=0.004), with poor European Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (p=0.009), affected by lung cancer (p=0.01), and by other non-cancer comorbidities (p<0.0001) when compared with unvaccinated. ILI incidence was not different basing on influenza vaccination: the time-to-ILI was similar in vaccinated and unvaccinated patients (p=0.62). ILI complications were significantly less frequent for patients receiving the vaccination (11.8% vs 38.3% in unvaccinated, p=0.002). ILI-related intravenous therapies were significantly less frequent in vaccinated patients than in unvaccinated (11.8% vs 29.8%, p=0.027). ILI lethality was, respectively, 0% in vaccinated and 4.3% in unvaccinated patients. Vaccine-related adverse events were rare and mild (1.5%, grades 1-2). CONCLUSION: The INVIDIa-2 study results support a positive recommendation for influenza vaccination in patients with advanced cancer receiving immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808533

RESUMO

Immunotherapy based on anti PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors is the new standard of advanced non-small cell lung cancers. Pembrolizumab, nivolumab and atezolizumab are used in clinical practice. The strict eligibility criteria of clinical trials do not allow researchers to fully represent treatment effects in the patients that will ultimately use these drugs. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of these drugs, and more generally of ICIs, as second-line therapy in NSCLC patients in real world practice. MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched to include original studies published between January 2015 and April 2020. A total of 32 studies was included in the meta-analysis. The overall radiological response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 21%, 52%, 3.35 months and 9.98 months, respectively. The results did not change when analysis was adjusted for Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) and age. A unitary increase in the percent of patients with liver and CNS metastases reduced the occurrence of DCR by 7% (p < 0.001) and the median PFS by 2% (p = 0.010), respectively. The meta-analysis showed that the efficacy and safety of immunotherapy in everyday practice is comparable to that in clinical trials.

5.
J Bone Oncol ; 26: 100341, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33425672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone remodeling is disrupted in metastatic disease, which affects > 70% of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. As a result, abnormal levels of specific bone turnover biomarkers (BTMs) are released. In this prospective ancillary analysis of the Italian real-world study ABITUDE, four markers were measured during abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) treatment in chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC men failing androgen-deprivation therapy. METHODS: Patients were enrolled if a blood sample was obtained before the first administration of abiraterone (baseline); ad-hoc blood samples were withdrawn during routine tests after 3, 6, and 12 months. A centralized lab measured bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP, osteoblast activity marker), type-I collagen-C-telopeptide (CTX-1, bone resorption marker), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D (vitD). At each time point, intra-patient variations vs baseline were compared by the signed-rank test (statistical significance: P-value < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 481 patients enrolled in ABITUDE, 186 (median age: 76 [range: 53-93] years) met the substudy criteria: 74.7% had bone metastases, 11.8% were on bone-targeted therapies (BTT) and 14.0% on vitD supplementation. BALP decreased significantly at month 6 (P = 0.0010) and 12 (P < 0.0001) and CTX-1 at month 6 (P = 0.0028); PTH increased at month 3 (P < 0.0001); no significant difference in vitD levels was observed. Similar findings were observed in BTT-untreated patients. The reduction in BALP and CTX-1 levels was more pronounced in patients with than without bone metastases; in the latter group, no significant variation in BALP and CTX-1 levels was observed. CONCLUSIONS: AAP seems to exert an effect on the microenvironment of metastatic but not of normal bone, which likely contributes to its antitumoral activity.

6.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920968463, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This prospective, multicentre, observational INVIDIa-2 study is investigating the clinical efficacy of influenza vaccination in advanced-cancer patients receiving immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), enrolled in 82 Italian centres, from October 2019 to January 2020. The primary endpoint was the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) until 30 April 2020. All the ILI episodes, laboratory tests, complications, hospitalizations and pneumonitis were recorded. Therefore, the study prospectively recorded all the COVID-19 ILI events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were included in this non-prespecified COVID-19 analysis, if alive on 31 January 2020, when the Italian government declared the national emergency. The prevalence of confirmed COVID-19 cases was detected as ILI episode with laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2. Cases with clinical-radiological diagnosis of COVID-19 (COVID-like ILIs), were also reported. RESULTS: Out of 1257 enrolled patients, 955 matched the inclusion criteria for this unplanned analysis. From 31 January to 30 April 2020, 66 patients had ILI: 9 of 955 cases were confirmed COVID-19 ILIs, with prevalence of 0.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.3-2.4], a hospitalization rate of 100% and a mortality rate of 77.8%. Including 5 COVID-like ILIs, the overall COVID-19 prevalence was 1.5% (95% CI: 0.5-3.1), with 100% hospitalization and 64% mortality. The presence of elderly, males and comorbidities was significantly higher among patients vaccinated against influenza versus unvaccinated (p = 0.009, p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001). Overall COVID-19 prevalence was 1.2% for vaccinated (six of 482 cases, all confirmed) and 1.7% for unvaccinated (8 of 473, 3 confirmed COVID-19 and 5 COVID-like), p = 0.52. The difference remained non-significant, considering confirmed COVID-19 only (p = 0.33). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 has a meaningful clinical impact on the cancer-patient population receiving ICIs, with high prevalence, hospitalization and an alarming mortality rate among symptomatic cases. Influenza vaccination does not protect from SARS-CoV-2 infection.

7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861942

RESUMO

: Radium-223 dichloride (Ra223) represents the unique bone-directed treatment option that shows an improvement in overall survival (OS) in metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, there is an urgent need for the identification of reliable biomarkers to non-invasively determine its efficacy (possibly improving patients' selection or identifying responders' after therapy completion). 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avidity is low in naïve prostate cancer, but it is enhanced in advanced and chemotherapy-refractory mCRPC, providing prognostic insights. Moreover, this tool showed high potential for the evaluation of response in cancer patients with bone involvement. For these reasons, FDG Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET) might represent an effective tool that is able to provide prognostic stratification (improving patients selection) at baseline and assessing the treatment response to Ra223. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 28 mCRPC patients that were treated with Ra223 and submitted to bone scan and FDG-PET/CT for prognostic purposes at baseline and within two months after therapy completion. The following parameters were measured: number of bone lesions at bone scan, SUVmax of the hottest bone lesion, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). In patients who underwent post-therapy 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG-PET/CT), (20/28), PET Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (PERCIST), and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) criteria were applied to evaluate the metabolic treatment response. The difference between end of therapy and baseline values was also calculated for Metabolic Tumor Volume (MTV), TLG, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), alkaline phosphatase (AP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (termed deltaMTV, deltaTLG, deltaPSA, deltaAP and deltaLDH, respectively). Predictive power of baseline and post-therapy PET- and biochemical-derived parameters on OS were assessed by Kaplan-Meier, univariate and multivariate analyses. At baseline, PSA, LDH, and MTV significantly predicted OS. However, MTV (but not PSA nor LDH) was able to identify a subgroup of patients with worse prognosis, even after adjusting for the number of lesions at bone scan (which, in turn, was not an independent predictor of OS). After therapy, PERCIST criteria were able to capture the response to Ra223 by demonstrating longer OS in patients with partial metabolic response. Moreover, the biochemical parameters were outperformed by PERCIST in the post-treatment setting, as their variation after therapy was not informative on long term OS. The present study supports the role of FDG-PET as a tool for patient's selection and response assessment in mCRPC patients undergoing Ra223 administration.

8.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(12): 1702-1709, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumour Treating Fields (TTFields) are a regional, antimitotic treatment for solid tumours, which is based on the delivery of low-intensity alternating electric fields. The aim of the STELLAR study was to test the activity of TTFields delivered to the thorax in combination with systemic chemotherapy for the front-line treatment of patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: STELLAR was a prospective, single-arm, phase 2 trial done at 12 European academic and non-academic sites (five in Italy, three in Poland, one in France, one in Belgium, one in Spain, and one in the Netherlands) for treatment-naive patients with histologically confirmed unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma. Patients were aged at least 18 years, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1, and at least one measurable or evaluable lesion according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors for mesothelioma. Patients received continuous TTFields at a frequency of 150 kHz to the thorax and concomitant chemotherapy with intravenous pemetrexed (500 mg/m2 on day 1) plus intravenous platinum (either cisplatin 75 mg/m2 on day 1 or carboplatin area under the curve 5 on day 1) every 21 days for up to six cycles. Patients not progressing after completion of chemotherapy received TTFields as maintenance treatment until progression, patient or physician decision, or unacceptable toxic effects. The primary endpoint of the trial was overall survival. Survival analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population, and safety analyses were done in all patients who received at least 1 day of TTFields treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02397928. FINDINGS: Between Feb 9, 2015 and March 21, 2017, 80 patients were enrolled in the study. Median follow-up was 12·5 months (IQR 7·4-16·6). Median overall survival was 18·2 months (95% CI 12·1-25·8). The most common grade 3 or worse adverse events were anaemia (nine [11%] patients), neutropenia (seven [9%]), and thrombocytopenia (four [5%]). Skin reaction was the only adverse event associated with TTFields and was reported as grade 1-2 in 53 (66%) patients, and as grade 3 in four (5%) patients. No treatment-related deaths were observed. INTERPRETATION: The trial showed encouraging overall survival results, with no increase in systemic toxicity. TTFields (150 kHz) delivered to the thorax concomitant with pemetrexed and platinum was an active and safe combination for front-line treatment of unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma. Further investigation in a randomised trial is warranted. FUNDING: Novocure.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pleurais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Mesotelioma/patologia , Mesotelioma Maligno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pemetrexede/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pleurais/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220988, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430345

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several non-comparative phase II studies have evaluated metronomic oral vinorelbine (MOV) in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but the small size of each study limits their conclusions. PURPOSE: To perform an individual patient-data metaanalysis of studies evaluating MOV in metastatic NSCLC in order to measure survival and safety of treatment with this regimen. METHODS: Studies were selected if (1) administration of oral vinorelbine thrice a week; (2) fixed daily dose comprised between 30 and 50 mg, and; (3) being published before October 4th 2018. Database encompassed 8 variables characterizing disease and demography, 3 informing therapy, and 12 describing survival and toxicity. RESULTS: Nine studies encompassing 418 patients fulfilled the selection criteria, 80% of them having frailty characteristics. Median overall survival (OS) was 8.7 months (95%CI: 7.6-9.5). OSrates at 6 months, one year and at two years after starting vinorelbine were 64%, 30.3% and 8.9%, respectively. In the Cox model, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) = 2, and anemia of any grade were significant determinants of shorter OS. Median progression-free survival(PFS) was 4.2 months (95%CI: 3.9-5). At 6 months and at one-year, PFS rates were 35% and 11.9% respectively. In the Cox model stratified for the variable "study", PS = 2and stage IV were significant determinants of shorter PFS. No toxicity was reported for 40% of patients, and 66 (15.8%) patients experienced a grade 3-4 toxicity. The most frequent toxicity was anemia of any grade (35.8%) that was higher with the 50 mg dosage. CONCLUSION: MOV is an active and well-tolerated chemotherapy in metastatic NSCLC and is a manageable therapy in frail patients.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Vinorelbina/administração & dosagem , Administração Metronômica , Administração Oral , Anemia/induzido quimicamente , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fatores de Tempo , Vinorelbina/efeitos adversos
10.
Lung Cancer ; 133: 62-68, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect on quality of life (QOL) of the addition of cisplatin to single-agent chemotherapy in the treatment of elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) enrolled in two parallel phase 3 trials, MILES-3 and MILES-4. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Advanced NSCLC pts, >70 years old, performance status (PS) 0-1, were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned to chemotherapy without or with cisplatin. EORTC QLQ C30 and LC13 questionnaires were planned at baseline, end of cycle 1 and end of cycle 2 in both trials and were used for joint QOL analysis. Trial-specific data including questionnaires at non-shared time-points were used for additional analyses. Intention-to-treat strategy was applied. Analyses were adjusted for baseline QOL, stage, performance status, gender, age, size of centre, trial, histotype and non-platinum companion drug. RESULTS: Overall, 458/531 pts (86%) answered baseline questionnaire and missing rates over treatment were slightly higher among patients receiving cisplatin. Mean change in sore mouth after cycle 2 was worse with cisplatin (P = 0.02). The size of differences between arms was in the small-medium range for peripheral neuropathy and alopecia (0.25 and 0.31 after one and 0.28 and 0.36 after two cycles, respectively) and for nausea/vomiting, sore mouth and dysphagia after two cycles (0.26, 0.38 and 0.25, respectively) always in the direction of worsening with cisplatin. Using a 10% change from baseline as clinically relevant threshold to categorize response, there was no significant difference between the arms. Time to deterioration of sore mouth and alopecia, with progression/death as competitive risk, was shorter with cisplatin (HR 1.72 95%CI 1.02-2.89, P = 0.04 and HR 1.84 95%CI 1.09-3.10, P = 0.02, respectively). CONCLUSION: The addition of cisplatin to single agent chemotherapy worsens sore mouth and alopecia and does not improve any QOL items in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.


Assuntos
Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite Aftosa/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Lung Cancer ; 132: 17-23, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral vinorelbine administered at the maximum tolerated dose has already showed activity and a good safety profile in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The MA.NI.LA study was a phase II, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that aimed to assess the effects of a 'switched maintenance' regimen with oral metronomic vinorelbine (OMV) in patients with NSCLC who had not progressed after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either OMV (50 mg three-times weekly) as maintenance treatment or best supportive care (BSC). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), objective disease control rate (DCR, CR + PR + SD), safety and quality of life. RESULTS: In total, 61 and 59 patients were assigned to OMV and BSC, respectively. At a median follow-up of 23.9 (IQR 10.2-38.2) months, patients treated with OMV reported a significantly lower progression rate compared to patient in the BSC arm (89% [54/61] vs 96% [56/58]; HR 0.73; 90% CI 0.53-0.999, p = 0.049). Median PFS for patients treated with vinorelbine was 4.3 months (95% CI 2.8-5.6) vs 2.8 months (95% CI 1.9-4.5) for patients receiving BSC. This benefit was specifically evident in patients aged ≥70 years, in current smokers, and in those who reported disease stabilization as best response to induction chemotherapy. OS and response rate and quality of life were similar in the two arms. Drop-out rate for major toxicity with OMV was unexpectedly high (25%, 14/61) mainly due to grade 3-4 neutropenia (11%, 7/61). Conclusions In patients with unselected NSCLC achieving disease control after platinum-based chemotherapy switch maintenance therapy with OMV prolonged PFS compared to BSC; however, the optimal dose of OMV requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Platina/uso terapêutico , Vinorelbina/uso terapêutico , Administração Metronômica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(25): 2585-2592, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028656

RESUMO

Purpose To test the efficacy of adding cisplatin to first-line treatment for elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) within a combined analysis of two parallel phase III trials, MILES-3 and MILES-4. Patients and Methods Patients with advanced NSCLC who were older than age 70 years with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 to 1 were randomly assigned to gemcitabine or pemetrexed, without or with cisplatin. In each trial, 382 events were required to detect a hazard ratio (HR) of death of 0.75, with 80% power and two-tailed α of .05. Trials were closed prematurely because of slow accrual, but the joint database allowed us to analyze the efficacy of cisplatin on the basis of intention-to-treat and adjusted by trial, histotype, non-platinum companion drug, stage, performance status, sex, age, and size of the study center. Results From March 2011 to August 2016, 531 patients (MILES-3, 299; MILES-4, 232) were assigned to gemcitabine or pemetrexed without (n = 268) or with cisplatin (n = 263). Median age was 75 years, 79% were male, and 70% had nonsquamous histology. At a median 2-year follow-up, 384 deaths and 448 progression-free survival events were recorded. Overall survival was not significantly prolonged with cisplatin (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.70 to 1.05; P = .14) and global health status score of quality of life was not improved, whereas progression-free survival (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.63 to 0.92; P = .005) and objective response rate (15.5% v 8.5%; P = .02) were significantly better. Significantly more severe hematologic toxicity, fatigue, and anorexia were found with cisplatin. Conclusion The addition of cisplatin to single-agent chemotherapy does not significantly prolong overall survival, and it does not improve global health status score of quality of life in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pemetrexede/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Anticancer Res ; 37(6): 3189-3194, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The optimal therapeutic use of metronomic vinorelbine has not yet been defined. We aimed to assess the safety of metronomic oral vinorelbine in first-line treatment of elderly patients with advanced lung cancer who were unfit for polychemotherapy. Progression-free survival, response rate and overall survival were secondary end-points. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-six patients received 50 mg of oral vinorelbine three times per week, until disease progression, patient refusal or unacceptable toxicity. Patients were evaluated for response and toxicity after one cycle of chemotherapy. The treatment was considered feasible with a grade 3/4 toxicity rate lower than 20%. RESULTS: Clinical benefit was observed in 50% of patients. Median overall survival was 8.0 months. Grade 1/2 toxicity was observed in 53 patients (69.7%), grade 3 toxicity in eight patients (10.5%). One patient had grade 4 diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Metronomic oral vinorelbine is safe in elderly patients, allowing for long-term disease stabilization with optimal patient compliance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Administração Metronômica , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/efeitos adversos , Vinorelbina
14.
Oncol Res Treat ; 40(6): 364-369, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28472807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a problematic condition due to poor prognosis and difficulties in management. We evaluated the treatment and outcome of 378 mesothelioma patients referred to 6 Italian Oncology Departments. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were collected. Treatment was assessed in terms of chemotherapy (line of treatment, pemetrexed-based regimen, other therapies), surgery, and radiotherapy. Response to therapy, progression-free survival, and overall survival were evaluated. RESULTS: 36 and 342 patients received best supportive care and active treatment, respectively; 86 patients underwent surgery, and 26 received trimodal therapy. Disease control after first-line chemotherapy was achieved in 74.2% of patients (75.7% in patients treated with pemetrexed combined with other drugs and 69% with pemetrexed as monotherapy). The disease control rate was 82.6% in pemetrexed re-challenged individuals. Median survival time was 11.6 months with supportive care, 16.2 months with chemotherapy only, 32.4 months with surgery plus chemotherapy, and 47.2 months with trimodal therapy. A more favorable prognosis was observed in responders to first-line therapy who were then actively treated with second-line (24.8 vs. 11.8 months in non-responders, p < 0.001) and third-line chemotherapy (28.9 vs. 17.8 months in non-responders, p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Mesothelioma patients benefited from chemotherapy alone only when retreated in the second line after response to first-line therapy.


Assuntos
Mesotelioma/mortalidade , Mesotelioma/terapia , Neoplasias Pleurais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pleurais/terapia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Future Oncol ; 12(3): 373-87, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26584409

RESUMO

Metronomic chemotherapy (mCT), a frequent administration of low-dose chemotherapy, allows prolonged treatment duration and minimizes the toxicity of standard-dose chemotherapy. mCT has multiple actions against cancer cells including inhibition of angiogenesis and modulation of the immune system. A number of studies lend support to the clinical efficacy of mCT in advanced breast cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer. However, further evidence is necessary to describe the optimal use of mCT and to identify suitable patients. Oral vinorelbine has emerged as a promising metronomic treatment in patients with metastatic breast cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer and is the only orally available microtubule-targeting agent. This paper reviews current evidence on metronomic oral vinorelbine, discusses its management and defines a suitable patient profile on the basis of a workshop of Italian experts.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Administração Metronômica , Administração Oral , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vinorelbina
16.
Oncotarget ; 6(39): 42053-66, 2015 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26544728

RESUMO

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor with poor prognosis and limited treatment options. Sarcomatoid/biphasic mesotheliomas are characterized by more aggressive behaviour and a poorer prognosis compared with the epithelioid subtype. To date prognostic and tailored therapeutic biomarkers are lacking. The present study analyzed the expression levels of MDM2 and HIF1alpha in different histologic subtypes from chemonaive MPM patients. Diagnostic biopsies of MPM patients from four Italian cancer centers were centrally collected and analyzed. MDM2 and HIF1alpha expression levels were investigated through immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR. Pathological assessment of necrosis, inflammation and proliferation index was also performed. Molecular markers, pathological features and clinical characteristics were correlated to overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Sixty MPM patients were included in the study (32 epithelioid and 28 non-epithelioid). Higher levels of MDM2 (p < 0.001), HIF1alpha (p = 0.013), necrosis (p = 0.013) and proliferation index (p < 0.001) were seen mainly in sarcomatoid/biphasic subtypes. Higher levels of inflammation were significantly associated with epithelioid subtype (p = 0.044). MDM2 expression levels were correlated with HIF1alpha levels (p = 0.0001), necrosis (p = 0.008) and proliferation index (p = 0.009). Univariate analysis showed a significant correlation of non-epithelioid histology (p = 0.04), high levels of necrosis (p = 0.037) and proliferation index (p = 0.0002) with shorter PFS. Sarcomatoid/biphasic and epithelioid mesotheliomas showed different MDM2 and HIF1alpha expression levels and were characterized by different levels of necrosis, proliferation and inflammation. Further studies are warranted to confirm a prognostic and predictive role of such markers and features.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mesotelioma/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/biossíntese , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Mesotelioma/metabolismo , Mesotelioma/patologia , Mesotelioma Maligno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Mitótico , Análise Multivariada , Mutação , Necrose , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/biossíntese , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
17.
Lancet Oncol ; 15(7): 713-21, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24831979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An established multivariate serum protein test can be used to classify patients according to whether they are likely to have a good or poor outcome after treatment with EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors. We assessed the predictive power of this test in the comparison of erlotinib and chemotherapy in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: From Feb 26, 2008, to April 11, 2012, patients (aged ≥18 years) with histologically or cytologically confirmed, second-line, stage IIIB or IV non-small-cell lung cancer were enrolled in 14 centres in Italy. Patients were stratified according to a minimisation algorithm by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, smoking history, centre, and masked pretreatment serum protein test classification, and randomly assigned centrally in a 1:1 ratio to receive erlotinib (150 mg/day, orally) or chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2), intravenously, every 21 days, or docetaxel 75 mg/m(2), intravenously, every 21 days). The proteomic test classification was masked for patients and investigators who gave treatments, and treatment allocation was masked for investigators who generated the proteomic classification. The primary endpoint was overall survival and the primary hypothesis was the existence of a significant interaction between the serum protein test classification and treatment. Analyses were done on the per-protocol population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00989690. FINDINGS: 142 patients were randomly assigned to chemotherapy and 143 to erlotinib, and 129 (91%) and 134 (94%), respectively, were included in the per-protocol analysis. 88 (68%) patients in the chemotherapy group and 96 (72%) in the erlotinib group had a proteomic test classification of good. Median overall survival was 9·0 months (95% CI 6·8-10·9) in the chemotherapy group and 7·7 months (5·9-10·4) in the erlotinib group. We noted a significant interaction between treatment and proteomic classification (pinteraction=0·017 when adjusted for stratification factors; pinteraction=0·031 when unadjusted for stratification factors). Patients with a proteomic test classification of poor had worse survival on erlotinib than on chemotherapy (hazard ratio 1·72 [95% CI 1·08-2·74], p=0·022). There was no significant difference in overall survival between treatments for patients with a proteomic test classification of good (adjusted HR 1·06 [0·77-1·46], p=0·714). In the group of patients who received chemotherapy, the most common grade 3 or 4 toxic effect was neutropenia (19 [15%] vs one [<1%] in the erlotinib group), whereas skin toxicity (one [<1%] vs 22 [16%]) was the most frequent in the erlotinib group. INTERPRETATION: Our findings indicate that serum protein test status is predictive of differential benefit in overall survival for erlotinib versus chemotherapy in the second-line setting. Patients classified as likely to have a poor outcome have better outcomes on chemotherapy than on erlotinib. FUNDING: Italian Ministry of Health, Italian Association of Cancer Research, and Biodesix.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteômica , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Cloridrato de Erlotinib , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino
18.
Oncology ; 86(1): 33-43, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24401539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) may be useful in the diagnosis and detection of early stage mesothelioma. We investigated the SMRP upfront predictive role for mesothelioma in asbestos-exposed workers. METHODS: A total of 1,715 subjects underwent a first visit and were invited for a follow-up after 1 and 2 years, with a clinical examination and blood sampling. SMRP was measured by an ELISA assay. RESULTS: Median SMRP at the first visit was 0.45 [interquartile range (IQR) i.e. 25th-75th percentile: 0.30-0.67 nmol/l]. In all, 1,676 subjects (97.8%) were followed up for a median period of 47.1 months. SMRP was measured at the first visit and at both follow-up visits in 1,536 subjects. At follow-up, 3 subjects were diagnosed with an epithelioid mesothelioma. In these cases, SMRP at the first visit ranged from 0.17 to 0.52 nmol/l. Malignant pleural mesothelioma was diagnosed 9-17 months after the last SMRP evaluation. No SMRP variation was observed during the follow-up. Other 61 miscellaneous cancers were diagnosed (median SMRP at first visit: 0.50 nmol/l, IQR: 0.34-0.71 nmol/l). CONCLUSIONS: Our results did not support the usefulness of SMRP as an early marker for the detection of the disease for a time interval of 1 year.


Assuntos
Asbestos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Exposição Ocupacional , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Mesotelioma/sangue , Mesotelioma Maligno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pleurais/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Med Oncol ; 30(1): 422, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23277285

RESUMO

The soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP), a candidate marker for screening of subjects with asbestos exposure, is influenced by some individual and clinical factors. The aim of this study was to quantify the role of age, smoking, weight, presence of diseases and exposure to asbestos on serum SMRP levels in a large series of subjects exposed to asbestos, possible candidates for mesothelioma screening. One thousand seven hundred and four participants underwent clinical examination and were interviewed on medical anamnesis, occupation, smoking and weight. SMRP was measured by an ELISA assay. Overall, median SMRP was 0.4 (IQR 25-75: 0.3-0.7) nmol/l. It was higher in current smokers and in subjects with a cumulative asbestos exposure >50 ff/cc/years than in all the other subjects (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). SMRP was positively correlated with age (ρ = 0.11, p < 0.001) and, inversely, with BMI (ρ = -0.15, p < 0.001). SMRP was lower in healthy subjects (n = 1,217: median 0.4 nmol/l) than in subjects with malignant tumors (n = 118: 0.5 nmol/l; p = 0.01), asbestos-related pleural lesions (plaques or thickenings, n = 152: 0.6 nmol/l; p < 0.001) and other benign diseases (n = 182: 0.5 nmol/l; p = 0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed significant predictors of increased SMRP: age >57 years, current smoking, a positive anamnesis for cancer and for asbestos-related pleural lesions, and BMI < 25. Some clinical and demographic variables are associated with serum SMRP levels. The degree of these associations is low, nevertheless they should be accounted for in the interpretation of SMPR as a candidate marker predictive of mesothelioma. The potential predictive value of serum SMRP in screening/surveillance programs must be validated in prospective studies.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Idoso , Asbestos/efeitos adversos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Masculino , Mesotelioma/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Fumar
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 17(8): 2581-90, 2011 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21262916

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The pemetrexed/platinum agent combination represents the standard of care in first-line treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, there are no established indicators of responsiveness that can be used to optimize the treatment. This retrospective study aimed to assess the role of excision repair cross-complementing group-1 (ERCC1) and thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumors, and correlate expression levels and polymorphisms of these key determinants of drug activity with the outcome of MPM patients treated with carboplatin/pemetrexed in first-line setting. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Analysis of TS and ERCC1 polymorphisms, mRNA and protein expression was done by PCR and immunohistochemistry [with the H-score (histologic score)] in tumor specimens from 126 MPM patients, including 99 carboplatin-/pemetrexed-treated patients. RESULTS: A significant correlation between low TS protein expression and disease control (DC) to carboplatin/pemetrexed therapy (P = 0.027), longer progression-free survival (PFS; P = 0.017), and longer overall survival (OS; P = 0.022) was found when patients were categorized according to median H-score. However, patients with the higher tertile of TS mRNA expression correlated with higher risk of developing progressive disease (P = 0.022), shorter PFS (P < 0.001), and shorter OS (P < 0.001). At multivariate analysis, the higher tertile of TS mRNA level and TS H-score confirmed their independent prognostic role for DC, PFS, and OS. No significant associations were found among ERCC1 protein expression, TS and ERCC1 polymorphisms, and clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In our series of carboplatin-/pemetrexed-treated MPM patients, low TS protein and mRNA levels were significantly associated to DC, improved PFS, and OS. Prospective trials for the validation of the prognostic/predictive role of TS in MPM patients treated with pemetrexed-based regimens are warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pleurais/tratamento farmacológico , Timidilato Sintase/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Endonucleases/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Glutamatos/administração & dosagem , Guanina/administração & dosagem , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Mesotelioma/genética , Mesotelioma/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pemetrexede , Neoplasias Pleurais/genética , Neoplasias Pleurais/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Análise de Sobrevida , Timidilato Sintase/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
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