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1.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 42, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346523

RESUMO

Background: The interest in Global Health (GH) as an academic discipline has increased in the last decade. This article reports the findings of a scoping review of studies about Global Health education in the Americas. Objective: To analyse educational programs on global health in the Americas. Method: Five electronic databases were used in a scoping review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, and Lilacs. Data collection happened in November 2017-March 2018. The following stages were rigorously observed: identification, selection, charting, and summarizing the studies that were included. To process the data, we used IRaMuTeQ software. Findings: Forty-six studies were identified and organized in categories: 1) diversity of the topics addressed in GH; 2) models of teaching; 3) emotional, cultural, and collaborative aspects in teaching GH; 4) student preparation for GH experiences; and 5) structures required for a GH course. Conclusions: The existing global health curriculum in the Americas is diffuse and limited, with a greater focus on clinical aspects. Thus, a minimum curriculum for students from different areas is needed. Results evidenced that the teaching of global health in the Americas is still incipient, although it is promising. The lack of a common curriculum for the courses in the region makes it difficult to train sensitive and capable professionals to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

2.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(3): e20180987, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze nursing actions involving health advocacy in the context of primary health care and the consolidation of this right to health. METHODS: this is an integrative literature review with content analysis of the results on health advocacy and its relationship with nursing in the context of primary health care. RESULTS: the content analysis of the seven selected studies resulted in two thematic categories: "Right to health - a complex and progressive consolidation movement in Brazil" and "Advocacy in health and nursing". CONCLUSIONS: despite the difficulties in defining the concept of health advocacy, nurses, in their practice, act with innovative alternatives to daily conflicts, exercising the users' right to health in their relationships with health team members and the community.

3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(1): e20180519, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to comprehend the existing possibilities for the exercise of human rights by persons with mental disorders who are institutionalized in a psychiatric hospital, from the perception of professionals. METHOD: this is a qualitative descriptive-exploratory study conducted at a Psychiatric Hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For data obtention, eleven professionals responded to a semistructured questionnaire. The traditional content analysis proposed by Bardin based the data analysis. RESULTS: the professionals know the human rights and try to preserve them in the hospital scope, although they recognize that the persons hospitalized are not entirely respected due to the lack of public policies or their non-suitability to the Brazilian reality. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the structuring of extra-hospital services is necessary, as well as the comprehension of the professionals that act in psychiatric hospitals about the objectives and the functioning of such devices to assure opportunities of exercising rights by institutionalized persons.

4.
Appl Nurs Res ; 51: 151229, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899041

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Contamination through the hands of professionals and surfaces is one of the main agents involved in health care-associated infections in health services. Flaws in the execution of hospital housekeeping can lead to the contamination of surfaces and health equipment though, representing a risk for patient safety and highlighting the need to maximize the quality of cleaning processes in these institutions. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of managers and environmental service workers (ESWs) in Brazilian hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in January 2018, involving 155 participants, being 12 managers and 143 workers from the housekeeping team of two health institutions, being one private and the other public. RESULTS: Most participants were female (86%), with a mean age of 45 years and primary education level, 52% being outsourced workers. The participants positively assessed their job satisfaction, satisfaction with training, basic knowledge and performance; nevertheless, situations were identified that were perceived as risks for patient safety and occupational health. The questions involving motivational incentives received the lowest scores. CONCLUSION: Inconsistencies were found in the housekeeping professionals'. Preparation, indicating that the institutions studied do not value this type of service and that an investment policy in these workers' motivation is lacking.

5.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(1): 221-229, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31007135

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the empathizing and systemizing profiles of Brazilian and Portuguese nursing undergraduates. BACKGROUND: Empathy is a fundamental skill for nursing practice and should be analyzed during the student's education. METHODS: Descriptive study with cross-sectional design. Participants were 968 undergraduate students, including 215 (22.2%) Brazilians from a university in the state of São Paulo and 753 (77.8%) Portuguese students from a higher education institution in central Portugal. The Portuguese and Brazilian versions of the Empathizing/Systemizing Quotient have good internal consistency and reliability. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: In Brazil, approval for the study was obtained from the Research Ethics Committee of the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing (protocol 191/2016) and in Portugal, from the Ethics Committee of the Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing, Coimbra Higher School of Nursing (protocol P362-09/2016). RESULTS: Most (86%) participants were female and aged between 20 and 24 years. In the general profile analysis between both groups, the domains "Social Skills," "Contents," and "Processes" scored higher. Gender differences exist for the feeling of empathy and systemizing, as women scored better on the short version of the Empathy Quotient and men on the Systemizing Quotient. CONCLUSION: As demonstrated in the domain scores for "Social Skills," "Contents," and "Processes," the undergraduate nursing students analyzed have the ability to deal intuitively and spontaneously with social situations; they are also characterized as methodical people, who like to follow rules, and experience practice better than theory, and the women have a higher empathetic level than men, who in turn are more systemizing.

6.
J Infus Nurs ; 43(1): 24-32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876771

RESUMO

This integrative literature review identified strategies to teach peripheral venipuncture to nursing students. The following databases were searched for primary studies: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Web of Science, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), SCOPUS, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). The final sample was composed of 24 studies. The literature ranged from descriptive studies to controlled clinical trials and methodologic studies to construct products/instruments for teaching peripheral venipuncture. The most frequently identified teaching strategies were theoretical contents taught via theoretical lecture, e-learning courses, video lessons, and demonstration by specialists combined with practical exercises using a mannequin, human arms, and/or haptic devices. Despite the different methods used currently, the best patient outcomes were achieved when the student received the theoretical content in an educational setting before the practical training on a mannequin and/or a virtual simulator.

7.
Matronas prof ; 20/21(4/1): 20-27, 2019-2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-5610

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir y analizar la asociación entre la calidad de vida, el apoyo social y los síntomas depresivos en puérperas a las 6 semanas posparto. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra no probabilística accidental constituida por 69 puérperas internadas en una maternidad portuguesa. Cuestionario con preguntas de caracterización sociodemográfica y versiones en portugués de las escalas Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) y Escala de Satisfacción con el Soporte Social (ESSS). Análisis estadístico descriptivo: frecuencias absolutas, relativas, media, desviación estándar e inferencial, coeficiente rho de Spearman y test de la U de Mann-Whitney. Programa estadístico SPSS, versión 22.0. RESULTADOS: La media de edad de las puérperas era de 31,80 ± 4,13 años; la mayoría vive con el compañero/marido (94,20%); en la mayor parte de los casos se trata del primer hijo (65,20%) de parto vaginal (72,40%) y se practica la lactancia materna exclusiva (69,60%). Los resultados indican que en las 69 participantes la «calidad de vida en general», de media, tiene valores elevados, la percepción de la satisfacción respecto al apoyo social es buena (75,75%), y de la aplicación de la EPDS se observa que el 36,23% de las puérperas presentaba síntomas depresivos. CONCLUSIONES: Las participantes en el estudio se encuentran bastante satisfechas y confieren una considerable importancia a su calidad de vida. Es importante considerar la expresión de los síntomas depresivos como una variable sensible en el contexto específico del posparto


OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyze the association between quality of life, social support and depressive symptoms in postpartum women at six weeks postpartum. METHODOLOGY: Accidental non-probabilistic sample constituted by 69 postpartum women in a portuguese maternity ward after the authorization of the ethics commission and informed consent. Questionnaire with questions of sociodemographic characterization and the portuguese versions of the scales: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref), and Satisfaction with Social Support Scale (ESSS). Descriptive statistical analysis: absolute, relative, mean, standard deviation and inferential frequencies: Spearman's rho coefficient and U-Mann-Whitney test. Used the SPSS statistical program, version 22.0. RESULTS: The average age of the postpartum women is 31.80 ± 4.13 years, the majority live with the partner/husband (94.20%), in most cases it is the first child (65.20%) of vaginal delivery (72.40%) and exclusive breastfeeding is practiced (69.60%). The results indicate that on the 69 participants the «quality of life in general», on average, have high values, the perception of satisfaction with respect to social support is good (75.75%), and from the application of the EPDS it is observed that 36.23% of the postpartum wom-en had depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The sample in study is quite satisfied and gives considerable importance to their quality of life. It is important to consider the expression of depressive symptoms as a sensitive variable in the specific postpartum context

8.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(1): e20180519, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1057766

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to comprehend the existing possibilities for the exercise of human rights by persons with mental disorders who are institutionalized in a psychiatric hospital, from the perception of professionals. Method: this is a qualitative descriptive-exploratory study conducted at a Psychiatric Hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For data obtention, eleven professionals responded to a semistructured questionnaire. The traditional content analysis proposed by Bardin based the data analysis. Results: the professionals know the human rights and try to preserve them in the hospital scope, although they recognize that the persons hospitalized are not entirely respected due to the lack of public policies or their non-suitability to the Brazilian reality. Final considerations: the structuring of extra-hospital services is necessary, as well as the comprehension of the professionals that act in psychiatric hospitals about the objectives and the functioning of such devices to assure opportunities of exercising rights by institutionalized persons.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender las posibilidades para el ejercício de los derechos humanos por personas con trastornos mentales institucionalizadas en un hospital psiquiátrico, a partir de la percepción de los profesionales. Método: estudio descriptivo-exploratório cualitativo, realizado en un Hospital Psiquiátrico del interior de São Paulo. Para la recolección de datos, once profesionales respondieron a un cuestionário semiestructurado. El análisis de contenido tradicional, propuesto por Bardin, embasó el análisis de datos. Resultados: los profesionales conocen los derechos humanos y buscan su ejercício en el ámbito hospitalário, además de reconoceren que las personas hospitalizadas no son totalmente respetadas, en razón de la falta de políticas públicas o de su no adecuación a la realidad brasileña. Consideraciones finales: es necesária la estructuración de los servicios extra hospitalares y la comprensión de los profesionales que están en los hospitales psiquiátricos sobre los objetivos y el funcionamento de estes dispositivos para asegurar oportunidades de ejercício de derechos por personas institucionalizadas.


RESUMO Objetivo: compreender as possibilidades existentes para o exercício dos direitos humanos por pessoas com transtornos mentais institucionalizadas em um hospital psiquiátrico, com base na percepção dos profissionais. Método: estudo descritivo-exploratório, qualitativo, realizado em um hospital psiquiátrico do interior de São Paulo. Para a obtenção dos dados, 11 profissionais responderam a um questionário semiestruturado. A análise de conteúdo tradicional, proposta por Bardin, fundamentou a análise dos dados. Resultados: os profissionais conhecem os direitos humanos e tentam preservá-los no âmbito hospitalar, embora reconheçam que as pessoas hospitalizadas não são totalmente respeitadas, em razão da falta ou inadequação de políticas públicas à realidade brasileira. Considerações finais: faz-se necessária a estruturação de serviços extra-hospitalares, além de maior compreensão dos profissionais atuantes nos hospitais psiquiátricos sobre os objetivos e o funcionamento desses dispositivos, a fim de assegurar oportunidades para que pessoas institucionalizadas exerçam seus direitos.

9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(6): 1618-1623, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042167

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the self-confidence of nurses in the care of critically ill patients, before and after a simulated intervention. Method: A quasi-experimental study was carried out with 103 nurses who participated in a workshop on the care of critically ill patients in the first semester of 2016. A clinical simulation pedagogical instrument was used throughout the event, and self-confidence was assessed by the Portuguese version of the Self-confidence Scale (SCSvp). Results: Most participants reported not being prepared to provide first care to critically ill patients, which was carried out during care practice. The participants presented a significant increase in self-confidence after the simulated intervention (p<0.001) in the cardiac, neurological, and respiratory dimensions. Conclusion: Simulation has proved to be an effective strategy for the development of individuals' self-confidence, which contributes to the improvement of skills required for professional practice.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Verificar la autoconfianza del enfermero en la atención del paciente crítico antes y después de una intervención simulada. Método: Estudio cuasi-experimental, realizado con 103 enfermeros que participaron de un workshop de atención al paciente crítico en el primer semestre de 2016. Fue utilizada la herramienta pedagógica de simulación clínica durante todo el evento, y la autoconfianza fue verificada mediante Self-Confident Scale, versión portuguesa (SCSvp). Resultados: La mayoría de los sujetos consideró no estar preparado para brindar la primera atención al paciente crítico, afirmando haberlo realizado durante la práctica asistencial. Los participantes expresaron aumento significativo de autoconfianza luego de la intervención simulada (p<0,001) en las dimensiones cardíaca, neurológica y respiratoria. Conclusión: La simulación ha demostrado ser una estrategia eficaz para desarrollar la autoconfianza del individuo, factor que contribuye al crecimiento de las competencias exigidas para el ejercicio profesional.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a autoconfiança do enfermeiro no atendimento ao paciente crítico pré e pós-intervenção simulada. Método: Estudo quase experimental realizado com 103 enfermeiros que participaram de um workshop de atendimento ao paciente crítico no primeiro semestre de 2016. Foi utilizada a ferramenta pedagógica de simulação clínica em todo o evento, e a autoconfiança foi verificada pela Self-Confidence Scale, versão portuguesa (SCSvp). Resultados: A maior parte dos sujeitos julgou não estar preparada para prestar o primeiro atendimento ao paciente crítico, afirmando tê-lo realizado durante a prática assistencial. Os participantes apresentaram aumento significativo de autoconfiança após a intervenção simulada (p <0,001) nas dimensões cardíacas, neurológica e respiratória. Conclusão: A simulação tem-se mostrado uma estratégia eficaz para o desenvolvimento da autoconfiança do indivíduo, o que contribui para o acréscimo das competências exigidas para o exercício profissional.

10.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 10(7): 6-11, dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1050572

RESUMO

Objetivo: discorrer sobre a evolução do processo de idealização, construção e implementação do projeto de Mestrado Profissional em Enfermagem do Conselho Federal de Enfermagem, estabelecido no Acordo de Cooperação Capes/Cofen. Metodologia: estudo documental fundamentado em dados coletados em arquivos, especialmente, ofícios, processos, documentos, atas e relatórios gerados pela Comissão de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu, instituída pelo Cofen, ou recebidos por essa Comissão. Resultados: trajetória percorrida até a assinatura do Acordo de Cooperação Capes/Cofen; o lançamento do primeiro edital, investimento para a criação de MP em áreas prioritárias e o acompanhamento dos Cursos; contribuições e desafios enfrentados nesse percurso. Conclusão: a comprometida iniciativa e investimento do Cofen, assim como as parcerias construídas, constituíram o alicerce de um projeto em expansão, avaliado como relevante e exitoso, tanto por quem nele diretamente se envolveu e participou, quanto por quem foi seu espectador. (AU)


Objective: to discuss the evolution of the idealization process, construction and implementation of the Project of Profissional Master in Nursing of the Federal Council of Nursing, established in the Capes/Cofen Cooperation Agreement. Methodology: documental study based on data collected from archives, especially letters, processes, documents, minutes and reports generated by the Stricto Sensu Graduate Commission, established by Cofen, or received by this Committee. Results: path taken until the signing of the Capes/Cofen Cooperation Agreement; the launch of the first public notice, investiment for the creation of MP in priority áreas and the monitoring of programs; contributions and challenges faced along this path. Conclusion: Cofen committed initiative and investment, as well as the partnerships built, were the foundation of a growing Project, assessed as relevant and successful, both by those who directly involved and participated in it, as well as who was its spectator. (AU)


Objetivo: discutir la evolución del proceso de idealización, construcción e implementación del projecto de Master Profesional em Enfermería del Consejo Federal de Enfermería, establecido em El Acuerdo de Cooperación Capes/Cofen. Metodología: estúdio documental basado em datos recopilados de archivos, especialmente cartas, procesos, documentos, actas e informes generados por la Comisión de Posgrado Stricto Sensu, establecida por Cofen o recibida por esta Comisión. Resultados: camino tomado hasta la firma del Acuerdo de Cooperación Capes/Cofen; el lanzamiento del primer aviso público, la inversión para la creación de Master Profesional em áreas prioritárias y El monitoreo de los cursos; contribuciones y desafios enfrentados em este camino. Conclusión: la iniciativa y la inversión comprometidas de Cofen, así como las alianzas creadas, fueron la base de un proyecto en crecimiento, evaluado como relevante y exitoso, tanto por quienes participaron directamente y participaron en él, como por quién fue su espectador. (AU)


Assuntos
Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Enfermagem , Credenciamento , Capacitação Profissional , Profissionais de Enfermagem
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(6): 1618-1623, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the self-confidence of nurses in the care of critically ill patients, before and after a simulated intervention. METHOD: A quasi-experimental study was carried out with 103 nurses who participated in a workshop on the care of critically ill patients in the first semester of 2016. A clinical simulation pedagogical instrument was used throughout the event, and self-confidence was assessed by the Portuguese version of the Self-confidence Scale (SCSvp). RESULTS: Most participants reported not being prepared to provide first care to critically ill patients, which was carried out during care practice. The participants presented a significant increase in self-confidence after the simulated intervention (p<0.001) in the cardiac, neurological, and respiratory dimensions. CONCLUSION: Simulation has proved to be an effective strategy for the development of individuals' self-confidence, which contributes to the improvement of skills required for professional practice.

12.
BMC Int Health Hum Rights ; 19(1): 27, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the context of global health, the work of nurses is of key importance, given their role as diplomats in global health and as fundamental forces in the construction of global partnerships. This study seeks to identify the understanding and perceptions of Brazilian nursing faculty members regarding literacy of human rights related to health in nursing undergraduate programs. METHODS: Methodological, quantitative and cross-sectional study carried out with nursing faculty members from 20 Brazilian higher education institutions. For the data collection, the Brazilian version of the Basic Core Competencies in Global Health questionnaire was used, available on the website Survey Monkey. In this article, the answers related to the domain "Health as a human right and development resource" were assessed. Descriptive statistics were applied, as well as Cronbach's alpha coefficient. RESULTS: In total, 222 questionnaires were completed. As for the domain "Health as a human right and development resource", Cronbach's alpha coefficient corresponded to 0.839 for the three domain items. Most of the participants fully agreed on the relevance of the contents related to the theme for nurses' education. CONCLUSIONS: It is essential that nurses have contact with human rights international instruments that influence implementation of health and health research policies, though this content's treatment is still incipient in Brazilian nursing programs.


Assuntos
Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Saúde Global , Direitos Humanos , Alfabetização , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , 17627 , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 818-824, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify, in the scientific literature, real and illusory perceptions of adult patients in induced coma. METHODS: This is an integrative review of 15 primary studies from the Medline, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL and SCOPUS databases. RESULTS: The main memories reported after induced coma were thirst, cold, and pain. In some studies, patients reported they were unable to tell whether they were awake or dreaming, whether it was real or unreal. Satisfactory memories were reported by patients related to the care received and the use of bedside journals. CONCLUSION: Evidence showed a number of studies aiming to identify delirium, but without a focus on analyzing real or illusory perceptions of patients after induced coma. Thus, this integrative review identified scientific evidence of memories related to perceptions of sedated patients in the intensive care unit.


Assuntos
Coma/complicações , Memória , Pacientes/psicologia , Percepção , Temperatura Baixa , Coma/psicologia , Coma/terapia , Humanos , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Sede
15.
Am J Mens Health ; 13(4): 1557988319863542, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288596

RESUMO

Middle-aged and older men who have sex with men (MSM) are one of the most underestimated populations with regard to HIV/AIDS infection, despite the worldwide trend of increasing prevalence in recent years. This population also has low rates of testing, although rare studies are done exclusively with middle-aged and older MSM assessing the factors associated with this prevalence. Thus, based on data from an exclusive online survey with middle-aged and older MSM who use geolocation-based dating applications, the purpose of the study was to analyze factors associated with not taking the HIV test among middle-aged (50 years old) and older MSM in Brazil. Using a modification of time-location sampling adapted to virtual reality, 412 volunteers were approached in Grindr®, Hornet®, SCRUFF®, and Daddyhunt®. The multivariate logistic regression model was adopted to produce adjusted odds ratios (ORa), considering a significance level at .05. There were factors associated with not taking the test: being in a relationship (ORa: 0.24; 95% CI [0.10, 0.53]); knowing partner through the applications (ORa: 1.84; 95% CI [1.07, 3.15]); not knowing the serological status (ORa: 5.07; 95% CI [1.88, 13.67]); ejaculating outside of anal cavity (ORa: 1.79; 95% CI [1.04, 3.05]); practicing sex without penetration (ORa: 2.30; 95% CI [1.17, 4.50]); not taking the test as a form of prevention (ORa: 2.83; 95% CI [1.05, 7.68]); and rarely using Viagra in sexual intercourse (ORa: 1.91; 95% CI [1.20, 3.65]). There is a blind spot in the prevalence of HIV testing in older MSM because this population is not being covered by services, which compromises the overall response to HIV, the goals set for universal health coverage.

16.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 818-824, May.-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013540

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify, in the scientific literature, real and illusory perceptions of adult patients in induced coma. Methods: This is an integrative review of 15 primary studies from the Medline, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL and SCOPUS databases. Results: The main memories reported after induced coma were thirst, cold, and pain. In some studies, patients reported they were unable to tell whether they were awake or dreaming, whether it was real or unreal. Satisfactory memories were reported by patients related to the care received and the use of bedside journals. Conclusion: Evidence showed a number of studies aiming to identify delirium, but without a focus on analyzing real or illusory perceptions of patients after induced coma. Thus, this integrative review identified scientific evidence of memories related to perceptions of sedated patients in the intensive care unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar, a partir de la literatura científica, percepciones reales e ilusorias de pacientes adultos en coma inducido. Método: Revisión integrativa de 15 estudios primarios alojados en las bases de datos Medline, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL y SCOPUS. Resultados: Los recuerdos más reportados luego del coma inducido son sed, frío y dolor. Existen estudios en los que los pacientes afirmaron no distinguir si estaban despiertos o soñando, si era real o irreal. Se identificaron relatos de recuerdos satisfactorios relacionados al cuidado recibido y al uso diario de cabecera. Conclusión: Las evidencias mostraron un abanico de estudios cuyo objetivo era identificar el delirium, aunque con menor enfoque en la identificación real o ilusoria del paciente luego del coma inducido. Así, esta revisión integrativa consiguió identificar evidencias científicas acerca de los recuerdos relativos a la percepción del paciente sedado e internado en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar, a partir da literatura científica, percepções reais e ilusórias de pacientes adultos em coma induzido. Método: Revisão integrativa de 15 estudos primários localizados nas bases de dados Medline, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL e SCOPUS. Resultados: As principais memórias relatadas após o coma induzido são sede, frio e dor. Há estudos em que os pacientes afirmaram não distinguir se estavam acordados ou sonhando, se o que acontecia era real ou irreal. Identificaram-se relatos de memórias satisfatórias relacionadas ao cuidado recebido e ao uso de diários de cabeceira. Conclusão: As evidências mostraram um leque de estudos direcionados a identificar o delirium, porém com menor foco na identificação da percepção real ou ilusória do paciente após coma induzido. Desse modo, esta revisão integrativa proporcionou a identificação de evidências científicas sobre as memórias relativas à percepção do paciente sedado e em estadia na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva.

17.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 10(2): 1-3, abr. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1015808

RESUMO

Nursing Now é um programa desenvolvido pela Burdett Trust for Nursing em nome da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e do Conselho Internacional de Enfermeiras. International Council of Nurses ­ ICN. (AU)


Nursing Now is a program developed by the Burdett Trust for Nursing on behalf of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Council of Nurses. International Council of Nurses - ICN. (AU)


Nursing Now es un programa desarrollado por Burdett Trust for Nursing en nombre de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y el Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras. Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras - CIE. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Enfermagem , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Saúde Pública , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Obstétrica
18.
J Trauma Nurs ; 26(2): 104-110, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845010

RESUMO

Prehospital emergency telephone triages are mechanisms to verify the appropriate need for care in an emergency call by telephone. Considering the high rates of trauma and clinical cases that need prehospital care, the importance of knowing how the services that send rescue teams can guarantee improved care is highlighted. The objective of this study was to characterize the services that support effective telephone triage. Literature review was conducted in 6 phases to answer the following question: How can prehospital emergency telephone triage be performed? To search for primary studies, we used specific search strategies in the databases: LILaCs, PubMed, CINAHL, LISA, ISTA, and SCOPUS. The sample consisted of 23 studies whose information was extracted using a validated tool. Among the selected studies, 2 come from CINAHL, 2 from LISA, 4 from PubMed, 1 from ISTA, and 14 from SCOPUS, which were published between 2006 and 2016 in 17 different journals with varying types of scopes and originated from 13 countries on 3 distinct continents. The articles were nonexperimental and indicated the broad use of software constructed to support the telephone triage. The prehospital emergency telephone triages are frequently performed to identify the event, deduct the need for support, and prioritize those calls that require a rescue team. They should take place with the support of institutional protocols and technological support to guarantee dynamic data and constant training of the ambulance dispatchers.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Telenfermagem , Triagem , Humanos
19.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 23: e-1177, jan.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005474

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a contribuição de um programa de educação permanente semipresencial no conhecimento de enfermeiros sobre estomias intestinais de eliminação. Método: estudo quase-experimental, do tipo grupo único, antes e depois, realizado com 51 enfermeiros de três hospitais de grande porte do Piauí, no período de agosto a outubro de 2014, nas seguintes etapas: identificação dos enfermeiros, exposição dos objetivos e convite para participação na pesquisa, préteste, programa de educação permanente semipresencial e pós-teste. Resultados: a média do número de acertos dos enfermeiros no pré-teste 25,5 (dp=4,2) foi menor do que no pós-teste 31,5 (dp=3,0) e essa diferença foi estatisticamente significante (p=0,000). Conclusão: neste estudo, o programa de educação permanente semipresencial contribuiu para melhorar o conhecimento dos enfermeiros sobre estomias intestinais de eliminação.(AU)


Obcjetive: to evaluate the contribution of an in-person permanent education program on the knowledge of nurses on intestinal elimination. Method: a quasiexperimental, single-group, before and after study conducted with 51 nurses from three large hospitals in Piauí, from August to October 2014, in the following stages: identification of nurses, presentation of the objectives and invitation to participate in the research, pre-test, semi in-person permanent education program and posttest. Results: the mean number of hits by the nurses in the pre-test 25.5 (sd=4.2) was lower than in the post-test 31.5 (sd=3.0) and this difference was statistically significant (p=0.000). Conclusion: in this study, the semi in-person permanent education program contributed to improve nurse knowledge about intestinal elimination stomas.(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar la contribución de un programa de educación permanente semipresencial al conocimiento de los enfermeros sobre los estomas intestinales de eliminación. Método: estudio cuasi-experimental, tipo grupo único, antes y después, realizado con 51 enfermeros de tres hospitales grandes de Piauí, entre agosto y octubre de 2014, en las siguientes etapas: identificación de enfermeros, exposición de objetivos e invitación para participar en la investigación, prueba preliminar, programa de educación permanente semipresencial y prueba posterior. Resultados: el promedio del número de respuestas correctas en la prueba preliminar de 25,5 (dp=4,2) era inferior al de la prueba posterior 31,5 (dp=3,0) y esa diferencia era estadísticamente significante (p=0,000). Conclusión: en este estudio, el programa de educación permanente semipresencial contribuye a mejorar el conocimiento de los enfermeros sobre los estomas intestinales de eliminación.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Estomia , Educação a Distância , Educação Continuada , Educação em Enfermagem
20.
Nurs Ethics ; 26(7-8): 2298-2305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30009660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the empathic profile and the empathy scores of freshmen of the nursing course. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Descriptive study involving 399 freshmen students of two modalities of nursing courses: Bachelor and Bachelor and Teaching Diploma, in the period from 2012 to 2015. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Empathy Inventory were applied. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The research received approval from the Research Ethics Committee of the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing. The students registered their acceptance to participate in the research by signing the Free and Informed Consent Form and anonymity was guaranteed. FINDINGS: The mean age of the participants was 19 years, being 85.5% female. The students were grouped by course modality and all groups presented high empathy scores. A significant difference (p < 0.001) was found, which indicates that students of the Bachelor and Teaching Diploma program presented a higher degree of empathy for the General Score, Domain 2 (Interpersonal Flexibility), and Domain 3 (Altruism) in relation to students in the Bachelor program. CONCLUSION: Results show that nursing undergraduate freshmen are emphatic, with minimum differences between the two courses. This profile is relevant for the development of future professionals capable to demonstrate a balance between instrumental and expressive competences.

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