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1.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): 2510, 20220304. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1379863

RESUMO

Introdução: Do ponto de vista da saúde pública, a população masculina adulta mostra-se vulnerável ao uso de álcool e as suas consequências. A detecção precoce, assim como a busca por fatores associados são necessárias e as unidades de Saúde da Família são importantes locais para esta abordagem. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o uso de álcool em homens adultos e verificar sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, demográficos e transtornos mentais (episódio depressivo maior e transtorno de ansiedade generalizada). Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal em adultos de 20 a 59 anos do município de Piracicaba, cadastrados nas Unidades de Saúde da Família (USF) no ano 2018. Após análises descritivas, as variáveis com p<0,20 nas análises simples foram estudas em modelos de regressão binomial negativa múltipla. Pelo modelo final, estimaram-se as razões de médias ajustadas com os intervalos de 95% de confiança. Resultados: Observou-se prevalência de 26,9% de consumo de álcool na população estudada. O escore do The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) apresentou relação direta com a idade (razões de médias ­ RM=1,02; intervalo de confiança ­ IC95% 0,99­1,03). Quanto à religião, protestantes e evangélicos apresentaram escore médio de AUDIT menor que os demais (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Pessoas com transtorno mental apresentam escore médio de AUDIT maior que os sem transtorno (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusões: Concluímos que o consumo de álcool na população adulta masculina é bastante prevalente, que seu consumo aumenta com a idade, que a religião tem efeito protetor e que pessoas com depressão e ansiedade apresentam maior propensão ao uso. Com base nesses dados, destacamos a importância da USF no desenvolvimento de estratégias que rastreiem as condições de risco de sua população, bem como discutam abordagens e possíveis intervenções.


Introduction: From the point of view of public health, the adult male population is vulnerable to alcohol use and its consequences. Early detection and the search for associated factors are necessary, and the Family Health Units are important places for this approach. Objective: This study aimed to identify the use of alcohol in adult men and to verify its association with socioeconomic and demographic factors and mental disorders (major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder). Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out on adults aged 20 to 59 years in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil, registered in Family Health Units in the year 2018. After descriptive analyses, variables with p<0.20 in simple analyses were studied in multiple negative binomial regression models. According to the final model, the adjusted ratios of means were estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Results: There was a high prevalence of alcohol consumption (26.9%) in the study population. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score increased with age (ratios of means ­ RoM=1.02; confidence interval ­ 95%CI 0.99­1.03). Concerning religion, Protestants and Evangelicals had an average AUDIT score lower than other religions (RoM=1.78; 95%CI 1.14­2.79). People with mental disorders have an average AUDIT score higher than those without disorders (RoM=2.30; 95%CI 1.28­4.11). Conclusions: The authors conclude that alcohol in the adult male population is prevalent, with consumption increasing with age; religion has a protective effect, and people with depression and anxiety are more likely to use it. Taking this into consideration, it is worth highlighting the importance of Family Health Units in the development of strategies to monitor the risk conditions of its population as well as the discussion and approach of interventions.


Introducción: Desde el punto de vista de la salud pública, la población masculina adulta es vulnerable al consumo de alcohol y sus consecuencias. La detección precoz, así como la búsqueda de factores asociados son necesarios y las unidades de Salud de la Familia son lugares importantes para ese abordaje. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el uso de alcohol en hombres adultos y verificar la asociación con trastornos socioeconómicos, demográficos y mentales (episodio depresivo mayor y trastorno de ansiedad generalizada). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico transversal en adultos de 20 a 59 años de edad en la ciudad de Piracicaba registrados en las Unidades de Salud Familiar en el año 2018. Después de los análisis descriptivos, se estudiaron las variables con valor p<0,20 en análisis simples en modelos de regresión, binomio negativo múltiple. El modelo final estimó las razones medias ajustadas con los intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Hubo una alta prevalencia de consumo de alcohol, 26,9%. El puntaje AUDIT aumentó con la edad (RM=1,02; IC95% 0,99­1,03). Los protestantes y los evangélicos tuvieron un puntaje promedio de AUDIT más bajo que otras religiones (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Las personas con trastornos mentales tienen un puntaje AUDIT promedio más alto que aquellos sin trastornos (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusiones: Concluimos que el alcohol en la población masculina adulta es prevalente, con la edad hay un aumento en el consumo, la religión tiene un efecto protector y que las personas con depresión y ansiedad tienen más probabilidades de usarlo, destacando la importancia de la USF en el desarrollo de estrategias que rastrean las condiciones población, así como la discusión y el enfoque de las intervenciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ansiedade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Depressão , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas
2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(6): e2120147, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of facial profile on young adults' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) item levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based sample of 205 young adults, with a mean age of 23.1 years. The individuals answered questions about OHRQoL (OHIP-14) and self-esteem (Global Negative Self-Evaluation). The Dental Health Component (DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used to evaluate normative orthodontic treatment needs and define dental malocclusion clinically. Facial profile was analyzed using photographs and dichotomized into two levels: normal (straight) and altered facial profile (convex or concave). A calibrated researcher performed the clinical examination. Association between the independent variables and the outcome (OHRQoL) was established by hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis for each item level. Considering the variable of interest (facial profile), the psychological incapacity domain was the most affected item. RESULTS: Individuals with changed facial profile had 2.47 (1.04-5.85) times higher chances of reporting impacts on psychological incapacity than those with a normal profile (p> 0.05). The association was modulated by dental malocclusion and self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: The convex and concave facial profile showed a negative impact on the psychological aspects of young adults' quality of life.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(3): e20201140, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze the understanding of the Therapeutic Itinerary of people affected by stroke in the Unified Health System context of a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo. METHODS: this is a clinical-qualitative, using in-depth semi-structured interviews, conducted in 2019 with 6 patients, a number determined by theoretical saturation. RESULTS: qualitative content analysis allowed the construction of four categories that emerged from the data: a) You are having a stroke! - Identifying the problem; b) Anguish and expectations in waiting for assistance; c) Helplessness and guidance for rehabilitation after hospital discharge; d) Spirituality in rehabilitation after stroke. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the affected people expressed feelings and meanings, such as fear, anguish, sadness, beliefs and uncertainties, in order to shed light on the complexity inherent to the experiences of Therapeutic Itinerary of stroke.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Brasil , Humanos , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(3): e20200244, 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1154187

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a prevalência da cárie dentária e da deficiência visual nos escolares do ensino fundamental da rede pública de ensino de Barreirinha-AM e verificar os fatores associados a estas condições. Método Estudo transversal, com 1.828 estudantes entre 06 e 17 anos, da rede pública de ensino, Barreirinha. A avaliação da cárie dentária seguiu as recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde utilizando os critérios estabelecidos para as condições dentárias, tanto para dentes decíduos, quanto para permanentes: cariados, perdidos e obturados. O índice Significant Caries Index mediu a severidade da cárie dentária nos indivíduos mais afetados com a doença. Realizou-se avaliação para acuidade visual e analisou-se idade, sexo e escola. Resultados Evidenciou-se elevada prevalência de cárie dentária, desigualdade em sua distribuição e associação entre esta doença e sexo (p = 0,005). A prevalência de dificuldades visuais entre os escolares foi baixa. Conclusão e implicações para prática O estudo sugere carência de tratamento odontológico restaurador e elevada prevalência de cárie dentária, evidenciando a necessidade de planejamento e desenvolvimento de ações de promoção de saúde bucal, com o intuito de minimizar os agravos provocados pela doença.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la prevalencia de caries dentales y discapacidad visual en estudiantes de la enseñanza primaria del sistema escolar público de Barreirinha-AM, y verificar los factores asociados con estas condiciones. Método Estudio transversal realizado con 1.828 estudiantes entre 06 y 17 años, de escuelas públicas de Barreirinha-AM. La evaluación de las caries dentales siguió las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, utilizando los criterios establecidos para las condiciones dentales, tanto para dientes temporales como permanentes: cariados, perdidos y obturados. El índice Significant Caries Index midió la gravedad de la carie dental en las personas más afectadas por la enfermedad. Se realizó la evaluación para agudeza visual y se analizó edad, sexo y nivel educativo. Resultados Hubo alta prevalencia de carie dental, desigualdad en su distribución y asociación entre esta enfermedad y el sexo (p = 0,005). La prevalencia de dificultades visuales entre los estudiantes fue baja. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica El estudio sugiere una carencia de tratamiento dental restaurador y una alta prevalencia de caries dentales, evidenciando la necesidad de planificación y desarrollo de acciones de promoción a la salud bucal, con el fin de minimizar los problemas ocasionados por la enfermedad.


Abstract Objective To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and visual acuity deficiency in elementary school students of the public school system in the municipality of Barreirinha- AM and check the factors associated with these conditions. Method Cross-sectional study with 1,828 students aged 6 to 17 in the public school system of the municipality-of Barreirinha-AM. The dental cavity evaluation followed the recommendations of the World Health Organization using the established criteria for dental conditions, for deciduous as for permanent teeth: decayed, missing and filled. The Significant Caries Index was used to measure the dental caries severity in the individuals most affected by this disease. Visual acuity was assessed and age, sex and school were analyzed. Results It became evident high prevalence of dental cavities, inequality in its distribution, and relation between this disease and gender (p=0.005). The visual deficit frequency was low among the students. Conclusion and implications for practice The study indicates a lack of dental restoration treatment and high dental cavity prevalence, highlighting the need for planning and development of oral health promotion actions, with the purpose of minimizing the aggravations caused by the disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Acuidade Visual , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais
5.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 260-265, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1352621

RESUMO

Aim:To evaluate the impact of the recording of teeth whose clinical conditions rarely vary (anterior teeth and third molars) in inter-examiner agreement measurements. Methods:Clinical data from 56 schoolchildren, 12 years of age, previously collected by two examiners, according to the "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" codes and criteria, were analyzed in the present study. The effects from including/excluding such teeth upon reproducibility were measured by general percentage agreement (GPA) and Kappa statistics (к) performances. Results: The exclusion of anterior teeth associated with the inclusion of third molars produced a decrease in GPA that was simultaneous to an increase in the weighted Kappa (nominal data) and simple (dichotomous data) values. The incorrect inclusion of third molars (GPA = 100%; к = + 1) in the reproducibility measurement artificially increased the inter-examiner Kappa values. Conclusion: The inclusion/exclusion of anterior teeth and third molars, seeking a more reliable agreement among examiners, can have a positive or negative impact on the measured reproducibility values. A clear warning about the impact of including third molars in the reproducibility measurement, in the 12 years old age group, should be performed in "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" and similar manuals.


Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do registro de dentes anteriores e terceiros molares, cujas condições clínicas pouco variam, sobre as mensurações de concordância inter-examinadores. Métodos: Dados clínicos de 56 escolares de 12 anos de idade, previamente coletados por 2 examinadores, segundo os códigos e critérios expressos no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" foram analisados neste estudo. Os efeitos da inclusão/exclusão destes dentes sobre a concordância inter-examinadores foram mensurados calculando-se a porcentagem geral de concordância (GPA) e estatística Kappa (к). Resultados:A inclusão de terceiros molares aumentou a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. A exclusão de dentes anteriores diminuiu a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. Quando associada à inclusão de terceiros molares, sob perfeita concordância (к = +1), os valores de Kappa foram artificialmente aumentados tanto para dados dicotomizados quanto não-dicotomizados. Conclusão: A inclusão/exclusão de dentes anteriores e/ou de terceiros molares, no sentido de se evidenciar melhor as discordâncias entre examinadores, podem impactar positiva ou negativamente sobre a fidedignidade da reprodutibilidade mensurada. Uma advertência clara sobre o impacto da inclusão dos dentes terceiros molares no cálculo da reprodutibilidade, para a faixa etária de 12 anos, deveria estar presente no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" e manuais semelhantes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária , Incisivo , Dente Serotino , Saúde Bucal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças
7.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(3): e20201140, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1288359

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: to analyze the understanding of the Therapeutic Itinerary of people affected by stroke in the Unified Health System context of a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo. Methods: this is a clinical-qualitative, using in-depth semi-structured interviews, conducted in 2019 with 6 patients, a number determined by theoretical saturation. Results: qualitative content analysis allowed the construction of four categories that emerged from the data: a) You are having a stroke! - Identifying the problem; b) Anguish and expectations in waiting for assistance; c) Helplessness and guidance for rehabilitation after hospital discharge; d) Spirituality in rehabilitation after stroke. Final Considerations: the affected people expressed feelings and meanings, such as fear, anguish, sadness, beliefs and uncertainties, in order to shed light on the complexity inherent to the experiences of Therapeutic Itinerary of stroke.


RESUMEN Objetivos: analizar la comprensión del Itinerario Terapéutico de personas afectadas por ictus en el contexto del Sistema Único de Salud de una ciudad mediana del estado de São Paulo. Métodos: clínico-cualitativo, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas en profundidad, realizadas en 2019, con 6 pacientes, número determinado por saturación teórica. Resultados: el análisis de contenido cualitativo permitió la construcción de cuatro categorías que surgieron de los datos: a) ¡Estás sufriendo un derrame cerebral! - La identificación del problema; b) Angustia y expectativa en espera de asistencia; c) Desamparo y orientación para la rehabilitación después del alta hospitalaria; d) Espiritualidad en la rehabilitación después de un ictus. Consideraciones Finales: las personas afectadas expresaron sentimientos y significados, como miedo, angustia, tristeza, creencias e incertidumbres, con el fin de arrojar luz sobre la complejidad inherente al Itinerario Terapéutico de las experiencias del ictus.


RESUMO Objetivos: analisar a compreensão sobre o Itinerário Terapêutico de pessoas acometidas por acidente vascular cerebral no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde de município de médio porte do estado de São Paulo. Métodos: clínico-qualitativo, com uso de entrevistas semiestruturadas em profundidade, realizadas em 2019, com 6 pacientes, número determinado pela saturação teórica. Resultados: a análise qualitativa de conteúdo permitiu a construção de quatro categorias que emergiram dos dados: a) Você está tendo um derrame! - A identificação do problema; b) Angústias e expectativas na espera por atendimento; c) O desamparo e a orientação para reabilitação após a alta hospitalar; d) A espiritualidade na reabilitação após Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Considerações Finais: as pessoas acometidas expressaram sentimentos e significados, como medo, angústias, tristezas, crenças e incertezas, de forma a jogar luz sobre a complexidade inerente às experiências de Itinerário Terapêutico do acidente vascular cerebral.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1346675

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the difference in the on-line searches for terms related to hand hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic in developed and middle-income countries. Material and Methods: The cross-sectional study analyzed the digital data through the Google Trends website to obtain the variation of the relative search volume (RSV) through the terms "alcohol gel" and "handwashing." According to socio-economic development, the countries were divided into two groups: countries from different continents and hemispheres, with more than 15 million inhabitants, with more than 50% of the population with access to the Internet network and over 1,000 confirmed cases of infected with COVID-19. The paired t-test was applied to compare the means. The significance value adopted was p<0.010. Results: The searches related to the term "hand washing" were more significant when compared to the term "alcohol gel," and the term "alcohol gel" presented a higher average volume of research in developed countries (p<0.010). The developed countries had a higher average relative volume of research than middle-income countries (p<0.010). Developed countries sought more for the term "alcohol gel," and the term "hand washing" showed no difference in the volume of research about the country's socio-economic aspect. Conclusion: Developed countries have a higher volume of search for hand hygiene terms. The middle-income countries must create proposals for raising awareness outside the on-line environment so that this information reaches the entire population during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Países Desenvolvidos , Higiene das Mãos , Acesso à Internet , COVID-19 , Prevenção Primária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Etanol
9.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1287484

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To compare the estimates obtained, considering or not the weighting data. Material and Methods: Secondary data from the Oral Health Survey of the State of São Paulo (SBSP2015) was used for calculation of mean estimates, standard errors of the mean and confidence intervals (CI) for the DMFT index and components (decayed, lost and filled), in the age group of 35-44 years. Multiple logistic regression models were estimated, considering or not the weighting from the sampling plan (p<0.05). Results: It was observed that the estimates of the DMFT index and the carious component did not vary much when the design was considered or not (1.1% and 2.0%, respectively). However, the data referring to the lost and filled component showed greater differences between the values of the means. The averages fluctuated up and down by up to 6.7% for weighted versus unweighted analyses. The standard error was underestimated in the unweighted analysis and the confidence interval showed variations. Differences between the regression models obtained by the weighted and unweighted analysis of the data were detected. Conclusion: Although weighted and unweighted models presented differences of less than 10% in estimates of the mean, confidence intervals, as well as statistical inferences, were different. Thus, weighting should be applied in the population base data analysis collected by sampling with complex designs.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice CPO , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Pesquisa em Sistemas de Saúde Pública , Brasil/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1136750

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. Methods: A total of 571 children aged five years were randomly selected at public schools. Trauma was clinically evaluated in accordance with the Andreasen classification. Caries experience in the anterior region and increased overjet were determined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was answered by the parents and used to evaluate OHRQoL. In addition, this questionnaire has aspects related to socioeconomic status. Simple logistic regression was performed, and the raw Odds Ratios with the respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated. The variables with p<0.20 were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with p≤0.05 remained in the model and the adjusted odds ratio with respective 95%CI was estimated. Results: Income showed a magnitude of association of 1.56 and 2.70 with the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The avulsion variable showed 9.65- and 8.25-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The experience of caries showed 3.80- and 2.42-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. Conclusions: Dental trauma did not influence OHRQoL of children and their families negatively. However, avulsion and caries experience in low-income families was associated with a negative perception of OHRQoL.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do traumatismo dentário na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças e suas famílias. Métodos: 571 crianças de 5 anos de idade foram aleatoriamente selecionadas de escolas públicas. O trauma foi avaliado clinicamente de acordo com a classificação de Andreasen. A experiência de cárie na região anterior e a presença de overjet foram determinadas com base nos critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde. A versão brasileira do questionário ECOHIS (Escala de Impacto na Saúde Oral na Primeira Infância) avaliou a QVRSB e foi respondida pelos pais; além disso, foram avaliados aspectos socioeconômicos. Realizou-se uma regressão logística simples, bem como as razões de chances brutas com os respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. As variáveis ​​com p <0,20 foram testadas nos modelos de regressão logística múltipla, e aquelas com p≤0,05 permaneceram no modelo. Resultados: A renda mostrou uma magnitude de associação de 1,56 e 2,70 com a QVRSB das crianças e famílias, respectivamente. A variável avulsão apresentou chance 9,65 e 8,25 vezes maior de influenciar a QVRSB de crianças e famílias, respectivamente. A experiência de cárie mostrou chance 3,80 e 2,42 vezes maior de influenciar a QVRSB de crianças e famílias, respectivamente. Conclusões: O trauma dental não influenciou negativamente a QVRSB das crianças e suas famílias. Entretanto, especificamente a avulsão, e a experiência de cárie nos dentes anteriores em famílias de baixa renda estiveram associadas a uma percepção negativa da QVRSB.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos Dentários/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the flow of professionals and the financial impact of the Programa Mais Médicos para o Brasil (PMMB - More Doctors for Brazil Program) within the More Doctors Program (MDP) for the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the participating municipalities of the state of São Paulo, from January 2019 to March 2022. METHODS: A financial impact study was conducted in the state of São Paulo based on public secondary databases. The number of PMMB vacancies per municipality, of physicians and vulnerability profiles were described to measure the loss of replacement of professionals in the period. RESULTS: In the specified period, the number of PMMB physicians in participating cities will decrease from 2,533 to 320, and the number of participating municipalities from 373 to 86. The municipalities that will need to replace the physicians will have a financial impact of R$ 929,487,904.77 (with sensitivity analysis, ranging from R$ 650,641,533.34 to R$ 1,208,334,276.20). CONCLUSION: The change of vulnerability methodology adopted for the PMMB will represent serious consequences, that is, less population assistance and high financial impact for the municipalities of the state of São Paulo in a scenario of budget limitations.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Médicos , Brasil , Cidades , Educação Médica/economia , Humanos , Médicos/provisão & distribuição , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
12.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 39: e2019329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. METHODS: A total of 571 children aged five years were randomly selected at public schools. Trauma was clinically evaluated in accordance with the Andreasen classification. Caries experience in the anterior region and increased overjet were determined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was answered by the parents and used to evaluate OHRQoL. In addition, this questionnaire has aspects related to socioeconomic status. Simple logistic regression was performed, and the raw Odds Ratios with the respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated. The variables with p<0.20 were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with p≤0.05 remained in the model and the adjusted odds ratio with respective 95%CI was estimated. RESULTS: Income showed a magnitude of association of 1.56 and 2.70 with the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The avulsion variable showed 9.65- and 8.25-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The experience of caries showed 3.80- and 2.42-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Dental trauma did not influence OHRQoL of children and their families negatively. However, avulsion and caries experience in low-income families was associated with a negative perception of OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos Dentários/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(4): 300-308, ago. 31, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179142

RESUMO

Introduction: Adolescents have a high risk of developing caries in Portugal. The present study is designed to assess dental caries experience among the adolescents by the application of DMFT index, characterize the oral health risk factors and to determine the association between caries experience and socio-demographic variables. The characterization of the oral health behaviors of adolescents of the central region of Portugal will help in the development of specific oral health education strategies to improve oral health among the local communities. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenient sample of 694 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years attending public schools in two Portuguese districts using a structured questionnaire designed to investigate oral health and behavior of participants. In addition, a clinical examination was carried out noting the decayed, missing and filled teeth. A descriptive analysis of the variables was performed using the Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p<0.05). A multivariate analysis was applied for analysis of the association between variables. Results: The mean DMFT index score of 2.91±2.9 was obtained. Of the total sample, 73% consumed sugary food daily, 50.1% considered having good oral health and 70.8% did not report pain in the last 12 months. Most adolescents (79.4%) brushed their teeth daily and 60% did not use dental floss. Of the total sample, 96.4% had a dental appointment in the last 12 months, 46.4% of which was for preventive purposes. Applying the Chi-square statistical test, we verified that the adolescents who brush their teeth daily presented a good perception about their oral health (p<0.001), the DMFT index scores were associated with the residence area (p=0.01) and the presence of dental caries was associated with the perception of oral health (p=0.049) and sugary food intake (p=0.029).Conclusion: Portuguese adolescents presented a low DMFT index. The DMFT index was associated with residence area, perception of oral health and sugary food intake. Daily toothbrushing was associated with self-perception of oral health. It is suggested that oral health promotion and prevention programs should aim to reduce the risks of oral disease development.


Introducción: Los adolescentes tienen un alto riesgo de desarrollar caries en Portugal. El presente estudio está diseñado para evaluar la experiencia de caries dental entre los adolescentes mediante la aplicación del índice CPOD, caracterizar los factores de riesgo para la salud bucal y determinar la asociación entre la experiencia de caries y las variables sociodemográficas. La caracterización de los comportamientos de salud bucal de los adolescentes de la región central de Portugal ayudará en el desarrollo de estrategias específicas de educación en salud bucal para mejorar la salud bucal entre las comunidades locales. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en una muestra por conveniencia de 694 adolescentes de 12 a 18 años que asisten a escuelas públicas en dos distritos portugueses utilizando un cuestionario estructurado diseñado para investigar la salud bucal y el comportamiento de los participantes. Además, se llevó a cabo un examen clínico observando los dientes cariados, faltantes y obturados. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las variables mediante las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, Mann-Whitney y Kruskal-Wallis (p <0,05). Se aplicó un análisis multivariado para el análisis de la asociación entre variables. Resultados: Se obtuvo la puntuación media del índice CPOD de 2,91 ± 2,9. Del total de la muestra, el 73% consumía alimentos azucarados diariamente, el 50,1% consideró tener buena salud bucal y el 70,8% no refirió dolor en los últimos 12 meses. La mayoría de los adolescentes (79,4%) se cepillaban los dientes a diario y el 60% no usaba hilo dental. Del total de la muestra, el 96,4% tuvo cita con el dentista en los últimos 12 meses, de la cual el 46,4% fue con fines preventivos. Aplicando la prueba estadística de Chi-cuadrado, verificamos que los adolescentes que se cepillan los dientes diariamente presentaban una buena percepción sobre su salud bucal (p <0.001), las puntuaciones del índice CPOD se asociaron al área de residencia (p = 0.01) y la caries dental se asoció con la percepción de salud bucal (p = 0,049) y con la ingesta de alimentos azucarados (p = 0,029). Conclusión: Los adolescentes portugueses presentaron un índice CPOD bajo. El índice CPOD se asoció con el área de residencia, la percepción de salud bucal y la ingesta de alimentos azucarados. El cepillado diario de los dientes se asoció con la autopercepción de la salud bucal. Se sugiere que los programas de promoción y prevención de la salud bucal deben ser enfocados en reducir los riesgos de desarrollo de enfermedades bucodentales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal/educação , Cárie Dentária , Higiene Bucal , Portugal/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Educação em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Análise Multivariada
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e040, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520075

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify factors associated with the need for complete dentures in one dental arch or both, among the elderly population. The cross-sectional household study was conducted with a representative sample of elderly people (65 years or older) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015. The dependent variable was the need for complete dentures (in one arch or both), and independent variables were socioeconomic and demographic conditions, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services. Simple and multinomial logistic regression models tested effect measures (p < 0.05). A total of 5,948 elderly people participated. Results indicated that those with greater chances of needing a complete denture in one arch were male (OR = 1.54; CI95%:1.04-2.29), with fewer household goods (OR = 2.25; CI95%:1.50-3.38), lower monthly household income: R$501-1500 (OR = 3.44; CI95%:1.27-9.35), R$1501-2500 (OR = 4.11; CI95%:1.50-11.27), R$2501-4500 (OR = 2.76; CI95%:1.10-6.95), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 4.75; CI95%:3.08-7.35), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05). There were more chances of the need for complete dentures in both arches among older elders (OR = 1.44; CI95%:1.06-1.88), with lower monthly household income: R$ < 501 (OR = 4.45; CI95%:1.71-11.60), R$501-1500 (OR = 4.01; CI95%:2.14-7.51), R$1501-2500 (OR = 2.95; CI95%:1.64-5.32), < 3 years of education (OR = 1.45; CI95%:1.13-1.85), feeling unhappy (OR = 2.74; CI95%:1.35-5.57), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 8.48; CI95%:5.75-12.50), dissatisfaction with their mouth (OR = 2.38; CI95%:1.64-3.46), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43). The several dimensions of the determinants of the need for a complete denture reflect the influence of both demographic and socioeconomic aspects, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services.


Assuntos
Prótese Total/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Arco Dental , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-781

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic implied new biosafety recommendations to avoid dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 virus within healthcare centers. Changes on recommended personal protective equipment (PPE), decontamination protocols and organization of patient demand resulted may result in cost variation. Based on this, the present study aimed to evaluate the economic impact of new biosafety recommendations for oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19. An Activity Based Costing evaluation was used to calculate the acquisition of PPE and decontamination solutions recommended for dental practice during COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. PPE and decontamination solutions quantity and frequency of use were based on the newly COVID-19 recommendations. Costs (in Brazilian Real ­ R$) for biosafety recommendations pre- and post-COVID-19 were outlined and calculated for each patient, service shift and year. A sensitivity analysis considered 20% to 50% variation of direct costs. Previously to COVID-19 pandemic, direct costs of biosafety recommendations consisted of R$0.84 per patient, R$6.69 per service shift and R$3,413.94 per year. Post-COVID-19 costs of biosafety recommendations resulted in R$16.01 per patient, R$128.07 per service shift, and R$32,657.96 per year. Yearly costs can vary between R$26,126.37 and R$39,189.56. The annual budget increase necessary to adopt post-COVID biosafety recommendations was R$29,244.02. Newly biosafety recommendations increased significantly the costs of oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19 pandemic. Decision making of healthcare managers must consider rational and equity allocation of financial resources.


A pandemia da COVID-19 implicou novas recomendações de biossegurança para evitar a disseminação do vírus SARS-CoV-2 nos centros de saúde. Alterações nos equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI) recomendados, protocolos de descontaminação e organização da demanda de pacientes resultaram em variações de custos. Com base nisso, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto econômico de novas recomendações de biossegurança para assistência à saúde bucal durante a COVID-19. Uma avaliação do Custeio Baseado em Atividade foi usada para calcular a aquisição de EPI e soluções de descontaminação recomendadas para a prática odontológica durante a pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil. A quantidade e a frequência de uso de EPI e das soluções de descontaminação foram baseadas nas novas recomendações da COVID-19. Os custos (em Reais Brasileiros ­ R$) das recomendações de biossegurança pré- e pós-COVID-19 foram delineados e calculados para cada paciente, turno de serviço e ano. Uma análise de sensibilidade considerou uma variação de 20% a 50% dos custos diretos. Anteriormente à pandemia da COVID-19, os custos diretos das recomendações de biossegurança consistiam em R$0,84 por paciente, R$6,69 por turno de serviço e R$3.413,94 por ano. Os custos pós-COVID-19 das recomendações de biossegurança resultaram em R$16,01 por paciente, R$128,07 por turno de serviço e R$32.657,96 por ano. Os custos anuais podem variar entre R$26.126,37 e R$39.189,56. O aumento do orçamento anual necessário para adotar as recomendações de biossegurança pós-COVID foi de R$29.244,02. As novas recomendações de biossegurança aumentaram significativamente os custos da assistência à saúde bucal durante a pandemia da COVID-19. A tomada de decisão dos gerentes de saúde deve considerar a alocação racional e equitativa dos recursos financeiros.

17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(1): 365-374, jan. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055776

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os fatores associados ao uso dos serviços odontológicos públicos por adultos. Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de adultos de 35 a 44 anos, com dados do Levantamento Epidemiológico das Condições de Saúde Bucal da População do Estado de São Paulo (SBSP-2015). Utilizou-se análise de regressão logística multivariada, baseada em modelo proposto por Andersen para predizer o acesso aos serviços odontológicos públicos. Visitaram o serviço privado 3.421 (59,9%) adultos e 2.288 (40,1%), o público. Os serviços odontológicos públicos foram mais acessados por mulheres (41,8%) e menos escolarizados (50,2%). Indivíduos não brancos (OR = 1,32; IC95%:1,16; 1,50), menor renda familiar (OR = 2,37; IC95%:2,11; 2,65), histórico de dor de dente (OR = 1,60; IC95%:1,39; 1,83) e necessidade de tratamento endodôntico (OR = 1,44; IC95%:1,12; 1,85) foram associados ao uso dos serviços odontológicos públicos. Fatores contextuais, individuais e necessidade de tratamento foram associados à utilização dos serviços odontológicos públicos por adultos residentes no estado de São Paulo, em 2015.


Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with public dental care use by adults in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of adults aged 35 to 44 years using data from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of the Oral Health Status of the Population of the State of São Paulo (SBSP-2015). Multivariate logistic regression was performed using variables based on a model proposed by Andersen for predicting access to public dental services. Results: 3,421 (59.9%) adults visited private services and 2,288 (40.1%) visited public services. Prevalence of the use of public dental services was greatest among women (41.8%) and adults with a lower education level (50.2%). Being non-white (OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.50), lower household income (OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 2.11, 2.65), having had toothache (OR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.39, 1.83), and need for endodontic treatment (OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.85) were associated with public dental service use. Predisposing, enabling, and need factors were associated with public dental care use.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(1): 365-374, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859883

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with public dental care use by adults in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of adults aged 35 to 44 years using data from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of the Oral Health Status of the Population of the State of São Paulo (SBSP-2015). Multivariate logistic regression was performed using variables based on a model proposed by Andersen for predicting access to public dental services. Results: 3,421 (59.9%) adults visited private services and 2,288 (40.1%) visited public services. Prevalence of the use of public dental services was greatest among women (41.8%) and adults with a lower education level (50.2%). Being non-white (OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.50), lower household income (OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 2.11, 2.65), having had toothache (OR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.39, 1.83), and need for endodontic treatment (OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.85) were associated with public dental service use. Predisposing, enabling, and need factors were associated with public dental care use.


O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os fatores associados ao uso dos serviços odontológicos públicos por adultos. Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de adultos de 35 a 44 anos, com dados do Levantamento Epidemiológico das Condições de Saúde Bucal da População do Estado de São Paulo (SBSP-2015). Utilizou-se análise de regressão logística multivariada, baseada em modelo proposto por Andersen para predizer o acesso aos serviços odontológicos públicos. Visitaram o serviço privado 3.421 (59,9%) adultos e 2.288 (40,1%), o público. Os serviços odontológicos públicos foram mais acessados por mulheres (41,8%) e menos escolarizados (50,2%). Indivíduos não brancos (OR = 1,32; IC95%:1,16; 1,50), menor renda familiar (OR = 2,37; IC95%:2,11; 2,65), histórico de dor de dente (OR = 1,60; IC95%:1,39; 1,83) e necessidade de tratamento endodôntico (OR = 1,44; IC95%:1,12; 1,85) foram associados ao uso dos serviços odontológicos públicos. Fatores contextuais, individuais e necessidade de tratamento foram associados à utilização dos serviços odontológicos públicos por adultos residentes no estado de São Paulo, em 2015.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135528

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To make an association between self-perception and the implementation of sociodemographic variables for the autonomous and / or partially dependent individuals in nursing homes. Material and Methods: Epidemiological, observational and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 208 institutionalized elderly, both sexes, 60 years old or older, independent or partially dependent, randomly selected from two long-term residential institutions. Subjective evaluation: self-perception questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index, quality of life assessment, Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP), oral health self-assessment (OH) and the need for dental prostheses. Bivariate analysis, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used, with the variables with p<0.05 remaining in the model. Results: Men were edentulous (53.43%), 68.75% used some type of denture, and 64.91% required dental prostheses, 60.58% self-assessed (OH) as good / excellent; who reported a need for dental prostheses presented 6.7 times (95% CI: 3.2-14.3) and more likely to have an impact on OIDP, those who needed prosthetics had a 2.8 times chance (95% CI: 1.3-6.1) (p<0.0001). The self-reported need for prostheses was associated with prevalence severity of impacts on QoL, eating, pronounce words correctly, Smile without feeling embarrassed; and the main reasons for not having badly adjusted teeth / dentures. Conclusion: The institutionalized elderly self-perceive the need for dental prostheses, but it does not have a negative impact on quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Saúde Bucal/educação , Prótese Dentária/instrumentação , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Autoimagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0133, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135572

RESUMO

Abstract COVID-19 pandemic implied new biosafety recommendations to avoid dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 virus within healthcare centers. Changes on recommended personal protective equipment (PPE), decontamination protocols and organization of patient demand resulted may result in cost variation. Based on this, the present study aimed to evaluate the economic impact of new biosafety recommendations for oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19. An Activity Based Costing evaluation was used to calculate the acquisition of PPE and decontamination solutions recommended for dental practice during COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. PPE and decontamination solutions quantity and frequency of use were based on the newly COVID-19 recommendations. Costs (in Brazilian Real - R$) for biosafety recommendations pre- and post-COVID-19 were outlined and calculated for each patient, service shift and year. A sensitivity analysis considered 20% variation of direct costs. Previously to COVID-19 pandemic, direct costs of biosafety recommendations consisted of R$0.84 per patient, R$6.69 per service shift and R$3,413.94 per year. Post-COVID-19 costs of biosafety recommendations resulted in R$16.01 per patient, R$128.07 per service shift, and R$32,657.96 per year. Yearly costs can vary between R$26,126.37 and R$39,189.56. The annual budget increase necessary to adopt post-COVID biosafety recommendations was R$29,244.02. Newly biosafety recommendations increased significantly the costs of oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19 pandemic. Decision making of healthcare managers must consider rational and equity allocation of financial resources.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Custos e Análise de Custo , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , COVID-19 , Avaliação em Saúde , Brasil/epidemiologia , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Guias como Assunto/métodos , Atenção à Saúde , Gestor de Saúde , Recursos Financeiros em Saúde , Equidade , Pandemias
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