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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 68: 343-349, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27524029

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Oxygen and Argon plasma on gutta-percha surfaces. A total of 185 flat smooth gutta-percha surfaces were used. Samples were divided into groups: control: no plasma treatment; Oxygen: treatment with Oxygen plasma for 1min; Argon: treatment with Argon plasma for 1min. Samples were evaluated topographically by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy; and chemically by Fourier Transform-infrared Spectroscopy. A goniometer was used to determine the surface free energy and the wettability of the endodontic sealers. Additionally 60 bovine teeth were filled using pellets of gutta-percha (control, oxygen and argon plasma) and the sealers. Teeth were evaluated by push-out and microleakage tests. Data were statistically analyzed using specific tests. Argon plasma did not change the surface topography, while Oxygen plasma led to changes. Both treatments chemically modified the gutta-percha surface. Argon and Oxygen plasma increased the surface free energy and favored the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT. Regarding bond strength analysis, for AH Plus sealer, both plasma treatments on gutta-percha favored the bond strength to dentin. However, for Pulp Canal Sealer, there is no statistically significant influence. For leakage test, dye penetration occurred between sealer and dentin in all groups. In conclusion, Oxygen plasma led to both topographic and chemical changes in the gutta-percha surface, while Argon plasma caused only chemical changes. Both treatments increased the surface free energy, favoring the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT sealers and influenced positively in the adhesion and leakage.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Guta-Percha/química , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/química , Gases em Plasma/química , Animais , Bovinos , Propriedades de Superfície
2.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 72(1/2): 100-103, Jan.-Jun. 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-792068

RESUMO

A presente revisão de literatura tem como objetivo realizar uma breve introdução ao plasma, abordando o que é, como ele é gerado, seu mecanismo de ação, assim como seu uso na Odontologia, nas diferentes especialidades. Apesar de ainda não estar disponível rotineiramente para uso clínico, estudos mostram que o plasma, quando utilizado em temperatura ambiente, se mostra como uma inovação promissora apresentando atividade antimicrobiana, efeitos positivos em relação à adesão, clareamento dental e osteointegração, sem gerar danos ao tecido oral. Estes efeitos estão relacionados ao tempo de aplicação e ao gás utilizado.


This literature review aims to conduct a brief introduction to plasma, addressing what it is, how it is generated, its mechanism of action, as well as its use in dentistry, in different specialties. Although it is not yet routinely available for clinical use, studies have shown that the plasma, when used at room temperature, appears as a promising innovation featuring antimicrobial activity, positive effects in adhesiveness, tooth whitening and osseointegration, without causing oral tissue damage. These effects are related to application time and the gas used.

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