Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 403
Filtrar
1.
Curr Med Res Opin ; : 1-12, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES) is a rare disease in which a functioning endometrial tissue is observed in the pleura, lung, parenchyma, airways, and/or diaphragm. The optimal management of this disease remains a matter of debate. We aimed to report TES cases and their effective hormonal treatment and management. METHODS: In this retrospective study, women presented as catamenial hemoptysis (CH) diagnosed with thoracic endometriosis were included. The main outcome of measure was cessation or recurrence of the clinical manifestations of thoracic endometriosis. RESULTS: The mean onset age of the 14 patients was 30.21 ± 5.40 years. CH was characteristic symptom of these patients. All patients underwent chest computed tomography (CT) scan during menstruation and 2 or 3 weeks after menstruation, which showed the obvious shrinking or disappearance of the lesions. All of the patients were given Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) for 3 to 6 months, eleven of them were administered with combined oral contraceptives (COC) cyclically after GnRHa. The median follow-up duration was 24 months. Hemoptysis recurrence was observed in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: CH is a rare clinical entity of thoracic endometriosis, the change of CT images during and after menstruation or the response to GnRHa were helpful for accurate diagnosis. Hormonal treatment with GnRHa followed by COCs cyclically could be employed for efficient management of thoracic endometriosis.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113916, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571615

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: 25 flavors of the turquoise pill, a traditional Tibetan medicine for the treatment of various types of hepatitis, has not been investigated on its safety, especially the component mineral turquoise, which is believed to be essential but worried for its potential toxicity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the potential acute toxicity and function of 25 flavors of the turquoise pill and turquoise, the possible mechanism of the effects of turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill were systematically studied based on 1H NMR metabolomics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were administered with turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill by gavage for 7 days, and samples of serum, liver, and kidney were collected. The potential toxicity and function of turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill on the liver and kidney of SD rats were evaluated by 1H NMR metabonomics, histopathology, and biochemical indexes. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that 25 flavors of the turquoise pill could scavenge free oxygen radicals, strengthen aerobic respiration and inhibit glycolysis in the liver. It did not cause oxidative stress in the kidney with no obvious damage. By modulation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), 25 flavors of the turquoise pill can improve the utilization of glucose and promote aerobic respiration of the kidney. CONCLUSION: Considering the high dosage and short duration used in this study relative to their typical clinical usage, administration of 25 flavors of the turquoise pill and its component mineral turquoise are safe to livers and kidneys.

3.
Anal Chem ; 93(4): 2464-2470, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400501

RESUMO

A photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor is a very efficient and sensitive detection technology for the quick and effective conversion of light to electrical signals. However, the sensitivity and stability of the sensors are still unsatisfactory based on single-phase semiconductors or in the absence of sacrificial agents in the test solution. Herein, we present an efficient curing sacrificial agent-induced dual-heterojunction PEC system, which can detect the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) with high sensitivity. This PEC immune system was initially fabricated using single-walled carbon nanohorns (SWCNHs), p-type MoS2, and n-type Ag2S successively through a Schottky junction and p-n heterojunction on a glassy carbon electrode with electrodeposited gold nanoparticles. Then, the capture antibody (Ab1) was modified and the nonspecific binding sites were sealed off. Meanwhile, the ferrocene (Fc) solidified with hollow nanospheres of zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) served as a curing electronic sacrificial agent (Fc-ZnFe2O4). Next, the detection antibody labeled with Fc-ZnFe2O4 (Ab2-Fc-ZnFe2O4) was used as a bio-nanoprobe and captured by PSA and Ab1 via sandwich immunorecognition. Under white light, PEC signal amplification could be driven by the curing electronic sacrificial agent-induced dual-heterojunction to achieve the highly sensitive detection of the target. This proposed system exhibited excellent photocurrent performance within the working range from 1 fg·mL-1 to 100 ng·mL-1 at a low detection limit of 0.44 fg·mL-1 (S/N = 3). The proposed strategy features high sensitivity, selectivity, and stability that provides a new opportunity for the development of biosensors in the PEC field.

4.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501561

RESUMO

The pathogenesis and natural history of intracranial aneurysm (IA) remains poorly understood. To this end, animal models with induced cerebral vessel lesions mimicking human aneurysms have provided the ability to greatly expand our understanding. In this review, we comprehensively searched the published literature to identify studies that endogenously induced IA formation in animals. Studies that constructed aneurysms (i.e., by surgically creating a sac) were excluded. From the eligible studies, we reported information including the animal species, method for aneurysm induction, aneurysm definitions, evaluation methods, aneurysm characteristics, formation rate, rupture rate, and time course. Between 1960 and 2019, 174 articles reported endogenous animal models of IA. The majority used flow modification, hypertension, and vessel wall weakening (i.e., elastase treatment) to induce IAs, primarily in rats and mice. Most studies utilized subjective or qualitative descriptions to define experimental aneurysms and histology to study them. In general, experimental IAs resembled the pathobiology of the human disease in terms of internal elastic lamina loss, medial layer degradation, and inflammatory cell infiltration. After the early 2000s, many endogenous animal models of IA began to incorporate state-of-the-art technology, such as gene expression profiling and 9.4-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in vivo imaging, to quantitatively analyze the biological mechanisms of IA. Future studies aimed at longitudinally assessing IA pathobiology in models that incorporate aneurysm growth will likely have the largest impact on our understanding of the disease. We believe this will be aided by high-resolution, small animal, survival imaging, in situ live-cell imaging, and next-generation omics technology.

5.
Org Lett ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475370

RESUMO

Herein, we disclose an efficient cobalt-catalyzed three-component coupling of benzamides, diazo compounds, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide, which provides an efficient approach to construct C(sp2)-C(sp3) and C-O bonds in one-pot accompanied with C-H activation. This protocol features low catalyst loading (4 mol %), the avoidance of additives, and excellent functional group compatibility, providing three-component coupling adducts with high yields under mild conditions (up to 88%). Mechanism studies show that the reaction may involve a radical process.

6.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415678

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) is a promising technique for three-dimensional (3D) visualization of biomarkers in small animals. Morphological reconstruction is valuable and necessary for further applications of FMT owing to its innate requirement for knowledge of the molecular probe distributions. PROCEDURES: In this study, a Laplacian manifold regularization joint ℓ1/2-norm model is proposed for morphological reconstruction and solved by a nonconvex algorithm commonly referred to as the half-threshold algorithm. The model is combined with the structural and sparsity priors to achieve the location and structure of the target. In addition, two improvement forms (truncated and hybrid truncated forms) are proposed for better morphological reconstruction. The truncated form is proposed for balancing the sharpness and smoothness of the boundary of reconstruction. A hybrid truncated form is proposed for more structural priors. To evaluate the proposed methods, three simulation studies (morphological, robust, and double target analyses) and an in vivo experiment were performed. RESULTS: The proposed methods demonstrated morphological accuracy, location accuracy, and reconstruction robustness in glioma simulation studies. An in vivo experiment with an orthotopic glioma mouse model confirmed the advantages of the proposed methods. The proposed methods always yielded the best intersection of union (IoU) in simulations and in vivo experiments (mean of 0.80 IoU). CONCLUSIONS: Simulation studies and in vivo experiments demonstrate that the proposed half-threshold hybrid truncated Laplacian algorithm had an improved performance compared with the comparative algorithm in terms of morphology.

7.
Transl Oncol ; 14(2): 101003, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360840

RESUMO

CRC is a heterogeneous disease due to global molecular alterations, including mismatch-repair-deficient (dMMR) and microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H). Immunotherapy has achieved durable responses in a subset of patients with dMMR-MSI-H metastatic CRC. It has been showed that Loss of ZG16 is highly associated with colorectal cancer. However, whether ZG16 modulates tumor immunity in colorectal cancer is unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that the expression of ZG16 is associated with distant metastasis and lymphatic invasive in colorectal cancer. Besides, ZG16 is negatively correlated to PD-L1 expression in patient with CRC and overexpression of ZG16 blocks PD-L1 expression in colorectal cancer cells. In addition, overexpression of ZG16 promotes NK cells survival and proliferation, which is dependent on NKG2D expression. Our data demonstrate that ZG16 plays a role in modulation of immune response in colorectal cancer. The strong correlation between ZG16 and PD-L1 suggests that ZG16 may serve a biomarker to stratify patient who will benefit from immunotherapy.

8.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368311

RESUMO

Loss-of-function mutations in the deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) gene result in a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome. DGUOK plays an important role in converting deoxyribonucleosides to deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates via the salvage pathway for mtDNA synthesis. DGUOK deficiency manifests predominantly in the liver; the most common cause of death is liver failure within the first year of life and no therapeutic options are currently available. in vitro supplementation with deoxyguanosine or deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP) were reported to rescue mtDNA depletion in DGUOK-deficient, patient-derived fibroblasts and myoblasts. CERC-913, a novel ProTide prodrug of dGMP, was designed to bypass defective DGUOK while improving permeability and stability relative to nucleoside monophosphates. To evaluate CERC-913 for its ability to rescue mtDNA depletion, we developed a primary hepatocyte culture model using liver tissue from DGUOK-deficient rats. DGUOK knockout rat hepatocyte cultures exhibit severely reduced mtDNA copy number (~10%) relative to wild type by qPCR and mtDNA content remains stable for up to 8 days in culture. CERC-913 increased mtDNA content in DGUOK-deficient hepatocytes up to 2.4-fold after 4 days of treatment in a dose-dependent fashion, which was significantly more effective than dGMP at similar concentrations. These early results suggest primary hepatocyte culture is a useful model for the study of mtDNA depletion syndromes and that CERC-913 treatment can improve mtDNA content in this model.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231586

RESUMO

Transformation between 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) via exchange of molecular building blocks with different symmetries has been realized, which gives rise to the conversion between 2D COFs with distinct pore hierarchy. This type of monomer replacement has expanded the scope of the building-unit-exchange-based COF-to-COF transformation strategy.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241838, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rupture of an intracranial aneurysm (IA) causes devastating subarachnoid hemorrhages, yet most IAs remain undiscovered until they rupture. Recently, we found an IA RNA expression signature of circulating neutrophils, and used transcriptome data to build predictive models for unruptured IAs. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of using whole blood transcriptomes to predict the presence of unruptured IAs. METHODS: We subjected RNA from peripheral whole blood of 67 patients (34 with unruptured IA, 33 without IA) to next-generation RNA sequencing. Model genes were identified using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) in a random training cohort (n = 47). These genes were used to train a Gaussian Support Vector Machine (gSVM) model to distinguish patients with IA. The model was applied to an independent testing cohort (n = 20) to evaluate performance by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Gene ontology and pathway analyses investigated the underlying biology of the model genes. RESULTS: We identified 18 genes that could distinguish IA patients in a training cohort with 85% accuracy. This SVM model also had 85% accuracy in the testing cohort, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.91. Bioinformatics reflected activation and recruitment of leukocytes, activation of macrophages, and inflammatory response, suggesting that the biomarker captures important processes in IA pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating whole blood transcriptomes can detect the presence of unruptured IAs. Pending additional testing in larger cohorts, this could serve as a foundation to develop a simple blood-based test to facilitate screening and early detection of IAs.

12.
Skelet Muscle ; 10(1): 34, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tetraspanins are a family of proteins known to assemble protein complexes at the cell membrane. They are thought to play diverse cellular functions in tissues by modifying protein-binding partners, thus bringing complexity and diversity in their regulatory networks. Previously, we identified the tetraspanin KAI/CD82 as a prospective marker for human muscle stem cells. CD82 expression appeared decreased in human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) muscle, suggesting a functional link to muscular dystrophy, yet whether this decrease is a consequence of dystrophic pathology or a compensatory mechanism in an attempt to rescue muscle from degeneration is currently unknown. METHODS: We studied the consequences of loss of CD82 expression in normal and dystrophic skeletal muscle and examined the dysregulation of downstream functions in mice aged up to 1 year. RESULTS: Expression of CD82 is important to sustain satellite cell activation, as in its absence there is decreased cell proliferation and less efficient repair of injured muscle. Loss of CD82 in dystrophic muscle leads to a worsened phenotype compared to control dystrophic mice, with decreased pulmonary function, myofiber size, and muscle strength. Mechanistically, decreased myofiber size in CD82-/- dystrophic mice is not due to altered PTEN/AKT signaling, although increased phosphorylation of mTOR at Ser2448 was observed. CONCLUSION: Basal CD82 expression is important to dystrophic muscle, as its loss leads to significantly weakened myofibers and impaired muscle function, accompanied by decreased satellite cell activity that is unable to protect and repair myofiber damage.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(89): 13772-13775, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089264

RESUMO

The global minimum of XMg4Y- (X = Si, Ge; Y = In, Tl) and SiMg3In2 contains a planar pentacoordinate atom of group 14 other than carbon. Its design is based on the "localization" approach, replacing one or two peripheral atoms in XMg52- by more electronegative ones. This change diminishes the repulsion and leads to stronger covalent X-Y bonds, stabilizing the planar pentacoordinate atom species.

14.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 392, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are dangerous because of their potential to rupture. We previously found significant RNA expression differences in circulating neutrophils between patients with and without unruptured IAs and trained machine learning models to predict presence of IA using 40 neutrophil transcriptomes. Here, we aim to develop a predictive model for unruptured IA using neutrophil transcriptomes from a larger population and more robust machine learning methods. METHODS: Neutrophil RNA extracted from the blood of 134 patients (55 with IA, 79 IA-free controls) was subjected to next-generation RNA sequencing. In a randomly-selected training cohort (n = 94), the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) selected transcripts, from which we constructed prediction models via 4 well-established supervised machine-learning algorithms (K-Nearest Neighbors, Random Forest, and Support Vector Machines with Gaussian and cubic kernels). We tested the models in the remaining samples (n = 40) and assessed model performance by receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curves. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) of 9 IA-associated genes was used to verify gene expression in a subset of 49 neutrophil RNA samples. We also examined the potential influence of demographics and comorbidities on model prediction. RESULTS: Feature selection using LASSO in the training cohort identified 37 IA-associated transcripts. Models trained using these transcripts had a maximum accuracy of 90% in the testing cohort. The testing performance across all methods had an average area under ROC curve (AUC) = 0.97, an improvement over our previous models. The Random Forest model performed best across both training and testing cohorts. RT-qPCR confirmed expression differences in 7 of 9 genes tested. Gene ontology and IPA network analyses performed on the 37 model genes reflected dysregulated inflammation, cell signaling, and apoptosis processes. In our data, demographics and comorbidities did not affect model performance. CONCLUSIONS: We improved upon our previous IA prediction models based on circulating neutrophil transcriptomes by increasing sample size and by implementing LASSO and more robust machine learning methods. Future studies are needed to validate these models in larger cohorts and further investigate effect of covariates.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2495157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062672

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) accounts for more than 75% of renal cell carcinoma. Nearly 25% of ccRCC patients were diagnosed with metastasis. Though the genomic profile of ccRCC has been widely studied, the difference between localized and metastatic ccRCC was not clarified. Primary tumor samples and matched whole blood were collected from 106 sporadic patients diagnosed with renal clear cell carcinoma at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2017 to November 2019, and 17 of them were diagnosed with metastasis. A hybridization capture-based next-generation sequencing of 618 cancer-related genes was performed to investigate the somatic and germline variants, tumor mutation burden (TMB), and microsatellite instability (MSI). Five genes with significantly different prevalence were identified in the metastatic group, especially TOP1 (17.65% vs. 0%) and SNCAIP (17.65% vs. 0%). The altered frequency of PBRM1 (0% vs. 27%) and BAP1 (24% vs. 10%) differed between the metastatic and nonmetastatic groups, which may relate to the prognosis. Of these 106 patients, 42 patients (39.62%) had at least one alteration in DNA damage repair (DDR) genes, including 58.82% of metastatic ccRCC patients and 35.96% of ccRCC patients without metastasis. Ten pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants were identified in 11 sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma patients (10.38%), including rarely reported ATM (n=1), MUTYH (n=1), NBN (n=1), RAD51D (n=1), and BRCA2 (n=1). No significant difference in the ratio of P/LP variant carriers or TMB was identified between the metastatic and nonmetastatic groups. We found a unique genomic feature of Chinese metastatic ccRCC patients with a higher prevalence of alterations in DDR, TOP1, and SNCAIP. Further investigated studies and drug development are needed in the future.

16.
Molecules ; 25(17)2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872354

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the cognitive improvement effects and its mechanisms of krill oil (KO) in Aß25-35-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model. The Aß25-35-injected AD mouse showed memory and cognitive impairment in the behavior tests. However, the administration of KO improved novel object recognition ability and passive avoidance ability compared with Aß25-35-injected control mice in behavior tests. In addition, KO-administered mice showed shorter latency to find the hidden platform in a Morris water maze test, indicating that KO improved learning and memory abilities. To evaluate the cognitive improvement mechanisms of KO, we measured the oxidative stress-related biomarkers and apoptosis-related protein expressions in the brain. The administration of KO inhibited oxidative stress-related biomarkers such as reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde, and nitric oxide compared with AD control mice induced by Aß25-35. In addition, KO-administered mice showed down-regulation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the brain. Therefore, this study indicated that KO-administered mice improved cognitive function against Aß25-35 by attenuations of neuronal oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis. It suggests that KO might be a potential agent for prevention and treatment of AD.

17.
Cell Cycle ; 19(20): 2611-2621, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897806

RESUMO

Background: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is a common malignant tumor. Recently, it has been found that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important role in cancer. In this paper, we investigated the effects and mechanism of lncRNA GASL1 in GC cells. Methods: GASL1 level in GC cells was up-regulated via cell transfection. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion were detected by CCK-8, BrdU, Transwell assays and western blot. In addition, the regulation of GASL1 on microRNA (miR)-106a level was detected using RT-qPCR and the binding between GASL1 and miR-106a was confirmed by bioinformatic prediction and luciferase reporter assay. The effects of overexpressing miR-106a on GASL1-regulated GC cell behaviors were further explored. Moreover, western blot also was used to detect the pathway-related proteins. Results: Overexpression of GASL1 decreased the viability and BrdU levels. Meanwhile, CyclinD1 level was decreased while p53 and p21 levels were strengthened by overexpression of GASL1. On cell metastasis, up-regulation of GASL1 decreased cell migration, invasion and related proteins matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and Vimentin levels. Meanwhile, silencing GASL1 exerted opposite effects on GC cells. Moreover, GASL1 negatively regulated and targeted miR-106a. Up-regulation of miR-106a weakened the functions of GASL1 in cell proliferation and metastasis. Besides, GASL1 decreased the relate-protein levels of PI3K/AKT and ras/raf/MEK/ERK pathways while miR-106a weakened these changes. ConclusionGASL1 restrained GC cell proliferation and metastasis and blocked PI3K/AKT and ras/raf/MEK/ERK pathways by sponging miR-106a.

18.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs) have distinct morphological and hemodynamic characteristics, including higher size ratio and oscillatory shear index and lower wall shear stress. Unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) that possess similar characteristics to RIAs may be at a higher risk of rupture than those UIAs that do not. The authors previously developed the Rupture Resemblance Score (RRS), a data-driven computer model that can objectively gauge the similarity of UIAs to RIAs in terms of morphology and hemodynamics. The authors aimed to explore the clinical utility of RRS in guiding the management of UIAs, especially for challenging cases such as small UIAs. METHODS: Between September 2018 and June 2019, the authors retrospectively collected consecutive challenging cases of incidentally identified UIAs that were discussed during their weekly multidisciplinary neurovascular conference. From patient 3D digital subtraction angiography, they reconstructed the aneurysm geometry and performed computer-assisted 3D morphology analysis and computational fluid dynamics simulation. They calculated RRS for every UIA case and compared it against the treatment decision made at the neurovascular conference as well as the recommendation based on the unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score (UIATS). RESULTS: Forty-seven patients with 79 UIAs, 90% of which were < 7 mm in size, were included in this study. The mean RRS (range 0.0-1.0) was 0.24 ± 0.31. At the conferences, treatment was endorsed for 45 of the UIAs (57%). These cases had significantly higher RRSs than the 34 cases suggested for observation (0.33 ± 0.34 vs 0.11 ± 0.19, p < 0.001). The UIATS-based recommendations were "observation" for 24 UIAs (30%), "treatment" for 21 UIAs (27%), and "not definitive" for 34 UIAs (43%). These "not definitive" cases were stratified by RRS based on similarity to RIAs. CONCLUSIONS: Although not a rupture predictor, RRS is a data-driven model that gauges the similarity of UIAs to RIAs in terms of morphology and hemodynamics. In cases in which the UIATS-based recommendation is not definitive, RRS provides additional stratification to assist the identification of high-risk UIAs. The current study highlights the clinical utility of RRS in a real-world setting as an adjunctive tool for the management of UIAs.

19.
Cancer Biomark ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation plays a vital role in modulating genomic function and warrants evaluation as a biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to identify effective potential biomarkers for predicting prognosis and drug sensitivity in LUSC. METHODS: A univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, a random survival forests-variable hunting (RSFVH) algorithm, and a multivariate Cox regression analysis were adopted to analyze the methylation profile of patients with LUSC included in public databases: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). RESULTS: A methylated region consisting of 3 sites (cg06675147, cg07064331, cg20429172) was selected. Patients were divided into a high-risk group and a low-risk group in the training dataset. High-risk patients had shorter overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.82-4.07, P< 0.001) compared with low-risk patients. The accuracy of the prognostic signature was validated in the test and validation cohorts (TCGA, n= 94; GSE56044, n= 23). Gene set variation analysis (GSVA) showed that activity in the cell cycle/mitotic, ERBB, and ERK/MAPK pathways was higher in the high-risk compared with the low-risk group, which may lead to differences in OS.Interestingly, we observed that patients in the high-risk group were more sensitive to gemcitabine and docetaxel than the low-risk group, which is consistent with results of the GSVA. CONCLUSION: We report novel methylation sites that could be used as powerful tools for predicting risk factors for poorer survival in patients with LUSC.

20.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13405, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In most situations, many patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) are on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), which is also required after CABG. The adjustment of antiplatelet strategy remains controversial. In this study, we systematically review current guidelines, seeking consensus and controversies to facilitate clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Guidelines are searched in PubMed, Embase, ECRI Guidelines Trust and websites of guidelines organizations and professional society. Guidelines with recommendations of DAPT for patients undergo CABG are included. Two reviewers appraised guidelines with the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II). Relevant recommendations are extracted and summarized. A total of 14 guidelines meeting inclusion criteria are selected, with average AGREE II scores from 44% to 86%. Most guidelines score high in domains other than 'applicability'. Many guidelines are not detailed enough in reporting considerations behind recommendations. Current guidelines are consistent on the management of antiplatelet strategy before elective CABG and using DAPT after surgery for preventing graft vessel occlusion. Evidence is still lacking in urgent CABG and resumption of the previous DAPT after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Current guidelines on DAPT in CABG are generally satisfying. Suspending P2Y12 inhibitors while aspirin continued before elective CABG is recommended, as well as 12 months of DAPT following CABG. More evidence is needed to guide antiplatelet therapy in urgent CABG and to prove the benefits of resuming previous DAPT.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA