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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 291-298, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Gold Finger' is a grape cultivar with a finger-like shape and a milk flavor. The process by which its aroma profile evolves during ripening is unclear. Thus, changes in the free and bound volatile compounds present in 'Gold Finger' grapes during ripening were investigated using headspace sampling-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (HS-SPME-GC-MS). RESULTS: A total of 83 volatile aroma components were identified in the grapes, with aldehydes, esters, acids, and alcohols being the main components. The total aroma compound content exhibited significant differences between the bound and free forms. The total content of bound volatile compounds did not change significantly during fruit development, although the free aroma compound content was significantly higher than the bound content. The total content of free aldehydes, free alcohols, bound norisoprenoids, and ketones gradually increased for up to 70 days after flowering (DAF), while the total free ester, terpene, and acid content decreased. The characteristic aroma compounds of 'Gold Finger' grapes were identified as hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, and ethyl hexanoate. CONCLUSIONS: These results give a foundation for the further development of 'Gold Finger' grapes and provide a theoretical basis for the selection and breeding of novel aromatic grape varieties. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Odorantes/análise , Vitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , Álcoois/química , Álcoois/isolamento & purificação , Aldeídos/química , Aldeídos/isolamento & purificação , Aromatizantes/química , Aromatizantes/isolamento & purificação , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Vitis/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3614-3624, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402285

RESUMO

The volatile oil of Curcumae Rhizoma has many active components,which are the key to the quality of Curcumae Rhizoma. Exploring the difference between volatile oil of different kinds of Curcumae Rhizoma facilitates the quality control and rational application of resources. In this study,GC-MS was applied to realize online qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of the chemical composition spectrum of volatile oil from Curcuma wenyujin( CW),C. phaeocaulis( CP),and C. kwangsiensis( CK). Forty components were identified and their fingerprints were compared and evaluated. Hierarchical cluster analysis( HCA),principal component analysis( PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares discrimination analysis( OPLS-DA) were adopted to analyze the overall and outlier data. The results showed that the whole data could be divided into three kinds according to each analysis mode,and the volatile components of Curcumae Rhizoma vary greatly among species. PCA explored the difference between outliers and the mean value of the group and found that some volatile oils from CW may be greatly affected by the origin. By OPLS-DA,the samples from Zhejiang were able to gather,but those from Guizhou remained isolated,indicating the influence of growing environment on Curcumae Rhizoma metabolites. Based on VIP results combined with the heat map,characteristic volatile oil components of Curcumae Rhizoma from different varieties were screened out: curdione and linalool for CW; 2-undecanone for CP; humulene,γ-selinene,and zederone for CK. The GCMS method established in this study describes Curcumae Rhizoma samples comprehensively and accurately,and the characteristic components screened based on chemometrics can be used to distinguish Curcumae Rhizoma from different varieties and give them unique pharmacodynamic significance,which is fast,convenient,stable,and reliable and supports the rational application of Curcu-mae Rhizoma resources. It is found that the region of origin has great influence on CW,which is worthy of further study.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Curcuma , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Análise de Componente Principal , Rizoma
4.
Analyst ; 146(15): 4934-4944, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254080

RESUMO

It is urgent to obtain targeted drugs that selectively bind to pathological targets rather than physiological targets in the early stage of drug screening. G-Quadruplex has become one of the important targets in the development of anti-tumor drugs. However, drugs that target quadruplexes may also bind to dsDNA, which may lead to adverse reactions. In this study, a new three-phase laminar flow chip was constructed to enable the multi-components of a traditional Chinese medicine extract to dynamically and competitively bind with G-quadruplex DNA (on target) and double-stranded DNA (off target), so as to select high-efficiency and low-toxicity anti-tumor drugs. The results showed that there were five compounds in the extracts of Macleaya cordata seeds that exhibited obvious differences in binding to the two targets. Furthermore, the binding constants and modes of four identified alkaloids as they bound to two DNA targets were verified by fluorescence spectra and molecular docking methods. The toxicity to HepG2 and LO2 cells from the four alkaloids was also compared. The results showed that sanguinarine and chelerythrine could be used as candidate drugs with stronger binding to HT24 than DNA26. The chip can also be used for other types of double-target screening of other traditional Chinese medicine extracts or compound libraries.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Papaveraceae , Alcaloides/toxicidade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Sementes
5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 47: 128198, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119615

RESUMO

A novel type of sulfonyl-hybridized imidazolyl ethanols as potential DNA-targeting antibacterial agents was constructed via the unique ring-opened reaction of oxiranes by imidazoles for the first time. Some developed target hybrids showed potential antimicrobial potency against the tested microbes. Especially, imidazole derivative 5f could strongly suppressed the growth of MRSA (MIC = 4 µg/mL), which was 2-fold and 16-fold more potent than the positive control sulfathiazole and norfloxacin. This compound exhibited quite low propensity to induce bacterial resistance. Antibacterial mechanism exploration indicated that compound 5f could embed in MRSA DNA to form steady 5f-DNA complex, which possibly hinder DNA replication to exert antimicrobial behavior. Molecular docking showed that molecule 5f could bind with dihydrofolate synthetase through hydrogen bonds. These results implied that imidazole derivative 5f could be served as a promising molecule for the exploration of novel antibacterial candidates.

6.
Protein Expr Purif ; 186: 105909, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022392

RESUMO

Gonorrhoea, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is a major global public health concern. Homoserine dehydrogenase (HSD), a key enzyme in the aspartate pathway, is a promising metabolic target against pathogenic infections. In this study, a monofunctional HSD from N. gonorrhoeae (NgHSD) was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to >95% homogeneity for biochemical characterization. Unlike the classic dimeric structure, the purified recombinant NgHSD exists as a tetramer in solution. We determined the enzymatic activity of recombinant NgHSD for l-homoserine oxidation, which revealed that this enzyme was NAD+ dependent, with an approximate 479-fold (kcat/Km) preference for NAD+ over NADP+, and that optimal activity for l-homoserine oxidation occurred at pH 10.5 and 40 °C. At 800 mM, neither NaCl nor KCl increased the activity of NgHSD, in contrast to the behavior of several reported NAD+-independent homologs. Moreover, threonine did not markedly inhibit the oxidation activity of NgHSD. To gain insight into the cofactor specificity, site-directed mutagenesis was used to alter coenzyme specificity. The double mutant L45R/S46R, showing the highest affinity for NADP+, caused a shift in coenzyme preference from NAD+ to NADP+ by a factor of ~974, with a catalytic efficiency comparable with naturally occurring NAD+-independent homologs. Collectively, our results should allow the exploration of drugs targeting NgHSD to treat gonococcal infections and contribute to the prediction of the coenzyme specificity of novel HSDs.

7.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 200: 114074, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33873074

RESUMO

It's far from enough to describe the blood circulation promoting effect of Curcumae Rhizoma (CR), which is widely grown as a functional vegetable or spice in south and southeast Asian countries, and processed Curcumae Rhizoma (PCR), only by disclosing the content of a couple of relative compounds. In this study, the thrombin inhibitory effect as well as 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenz-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging ability of CR/PCR extracts was investigated, and TANGO Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR, Bruker, Germany)-a benchtop instrument allowing the full range NIR wavelength scanning-and handheld-NIR spectrometer (Micro-NIR, NIR-S-G1, InnoSpectra corporation, China) that can be connected to smart phones were used to realize the rapid detection of pharmacodynamic indicators. model was evaluated based on the determination coefficient (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), standard error of test set (SEP) and ratio of performance to deviation (RPD). The results of pharmacodynamics experiment confirmed for the first time that CR has significant inhibitory effect on thrombin, and the modeling results revealed that Micro-NIR had a good prediction on the antioxidant capacity (ABTS and DPPH free radical clearance) with RPD greater than 3, but showed a general predictive performance on thrombin inhibition ability (RPD = 2.434). In contrast, FT-NIR provided a good prediction for all the three indicators, with R2 greater than 0.9 and RPD greater than 4.5. Further insights into the capability of the two devices were obtained by analyzing the wavebands selection work. In the full wavelength range, wavebands related to thrombin inhibition were mainly distributed in the combination area which is out of the reach of handheld Micro-NIR, thus resulting in a decrease in the prediction ability. Therefore, compared to the benchtop-NIR, the detection range of the handheld-NIR is the main factor limiting its capability Based on an overall assessment, handheld NIR spectrometer, by greatly expanding the application scenario of NIR technology, is considered as a useful device with a satisfying predictive ability through model construction.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Rizoma , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China , Alemanha
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 343: 109465, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831383

RESUMO

Zingiberis Rhizome Carbonisata (ZRC) has been used as a hemostatic agent in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, network pharmacology method was used to predict the potential mechanism of ZRC on hemostasis, based on the structures of the main compounds. Then, iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis was used for verification of the candidate target proteins and pathways to illustrate the underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in the enriched pathways were validated by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed that the hemostasis mechanism of ZRC may be related to Platelet activation, Rap1 signaling pathway and Complement and coagulation cascades. And 10 proteins (Fermt3, ACTB, Talin, αIIbß3, Fga, Fgb, Fgg, FXIIIb, Kng and PLC-ß were identified as the target DEPs) are considered as the key factors related to hemostatic efficacy of ZRC. Thus, integrated network pharmacology and quantitative proteomics technology were applied for the effective illuminating the molecular mechanisms of Chinese material medica.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Hemorrágicos/tratamento farmacológico , Hemostáticos/uso terapêutico , Proteoma/análise , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Gengibre/química , Masculino , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Rizoma/química
9.
J Sep Sci ; 44(5): 963-972, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354898

RESUMO

Hawthorn, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine is used for the treatment of dyspepsia syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and hyperlipidemia. Hawthorn has complex composition. However, the effective fraction and mechanisms of action in alleviating hyperlipidemia are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of four different polar components of hawthorn on hyperlipidemia rats, and to explore underlying mechanisms of action through liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry based plasma metabolomics. Hyperlipidemia rat model was established by feeding rats using a high-fat diet. High-fat model rats were then treated with four polar components of hawthorn for 14 consecutive days. Plasma samples were collected and subjected to biochemical and metabolomics analysis. Biochemical analysis showed that hawthorn n-butanol and ethyl acetate extracts had the highest efficacy on hyperlipidemia rats. Water fraction showed a partial effect, whereas petroleum ether extract was not effective against hyperlipidemia rats. Furthermore, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolomics analysis showed that the most effective fraction of hawthorn reversed the metabolic disorder in plasma of hyperlipidemia rats. Metabolomics analysis showed that hawthorn exerts its activity by modulating lipid metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress, and amino acid metabolism.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolômica , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Feminino , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 195: 113837, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358622

RESUMO

Curcumae Rhizoma (CR) and vinegar processed Curcumae Rhizoma (PCR) are common medicinal materials widely used in clinical practice in China. There are sliced CR (SCR) and two kinds of PCR products which are processed by different methods: WPCR-prepared with the whole CR root boiled in vinegar and then sliced, and SPCR-prepared with the whole CR root steamed and sliced before boiled with vinegar. In this study, the feasibility of Fourier transform near infrared spectrum (FT-NIR) used to determine the main discrepant components of SCR, WPCR and SPCR were investigated. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to identified five discrepant compounds in the three kinds of CR products-curzerene, curcumenol, curdione, furanodienone and demethoxycurin. Pretreatment of NIR qualitative data by different methods revealed that the second derivative in combination with 9 points of Savitzky-Golay smooth (2D9S) could accurately distinguish SCR, SPCR and WPCR from each other, and the discrimination ability was improved significantly by wavebands selection. Then a model with great accuracy was established by combining with wavebands selection and partial least squares regression (PLSR). Compared with the competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) selection method, 2D9S- variable combination population analysis (VCPA)-Genetic algorithm (GA)-PLSR model was evidently more accurate in prediction of the content of curzerene, curcumenol, curdione and furanodienone, with an R2p of 0.9558, 0.9129, 0.9098 and 0.9350, as well as a ratio of performance to deviation (RPD) of 4.8454, 3.4640, 3.3020 and 4.0082, respectively. Whereas, the content of demethoxycurin failed to be well predicted. The correlation analysis revealed that the results of wavebands selection were consistent with the trend of changes in the content of these target compounds and the findings of NIR absorption analysis, and the characteristic chemical bonds of these compounds corresponded to the areas with significant correlation in the heat map. It can be concluded that the NIR system, combined with appropriate variable selection and linear regression method, can precisely distinguish SCR, SPCR and WPCR from each other, and can accurately and rapidly determine the four discrepant compounds in the three CR products, suggesting a potential of being routinely used for a more diversified analysis in medicinal herbs study.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Rizoma , China , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Tecnologia
11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(40): 6250-6259, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic adenoma can potentially transform into adenocarcinoma, so it is recommended to be resected surgically or endoscopically. Endoscopic papillectomy is one of the main treatments for papillary adenoma, and bleeding, perforation, and pancreatitis are the most frequent and critical adverse events that restrict its wider use. There is no standard procedure for endoscopic papillectomy yet. The procedure is relevant to postoperative adverse events. AIM: To reduce the postoperative adverse event rates and improve patients' postoperative condition, we developed a standard novel procedure for endoscopic papillectomy. METHODS: The novel endoscopic papillectomy had two main modifications based on the conventional method: The isolation of bile from pancreatic juice with a bile duct stent and wound surface protection with metal clips and fibrin glue. We performed a single-center retrospective comparison study on the novel and conventional methods to examine the feasibility of the novel method for reducing postoperative adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 76 patients, of whom 23 underwent the novel procedure and 53 underwent the conventional procedure, were retrospectively evaluated in this study. The postoperative bleeding and pancreatitis rates of the novel method were significantly lower than those of the conventional method (0 vs 20.75%, P = 0.028, and 17.4% vs 41.5%, P = 0.042, respectively). After applying the novel method, the most critical adverse event, perforation, was entirely prevented, compared to a prevalence of 5.66% with the conventional method. Several postoperative symptoms, including fever, rapid pulse, and decrease in hemoglobin level, were significantly less frequent in the novel group (P = 0.042, 0.049, and 0.014, respectively). Overall, the total adverse event rate of the novel method was lower (0 vs 24.5%, P = 0.007) than that of the conventional method. CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent the novel procedure had lower postoperative adverse event rates. This study demonstrates the potential efficacy and safety of the novel endoscopic papillectomy in reducing postoperative adverse events.


Assuntos
Ampola Hepatopancreática , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esfinterotomia Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2020: 8866250, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062375

RESUMO

In this study, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and colorimeter were applied to evaluate the quality of different species and differently prepared slices of Zedoray Rhizome samples with the aid of chemometric tools. Fifty batches of Zedoray Rhizome samples from different species and forty-two batches of Zedoray Rhizome samples from differently prepared slices were collected. The quantitative method was developed using HPLC to simultaneously determine the contents of twelve chemical ingredients in Zedoray Rhizome. The colour parameters L, a, and b were measured by a colorimeter. Then, the collected data were analyzed by the principal component analysis and Pearson correlation analysis. The results showed that the proposed method was capable of accurately determining the contents of the twelve chemical ingredients and the colour parameters for the collected samples. There was a dramatic difference in the contents of the chemical ingredients and in the colour parameters among different species and differently prepared slices of Zedoray Rhizome samples. This study reveals that combining HPLC, colorimeter, and chemometric tools can provide a new approach to comprehensively evaluate the quality of Zedoray Rhizome samples.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3863-3870, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893582

RESUMO

This study aimed to establish a rapid and accurate method for identification of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis, in order to predict the content of curcumin compounds for scientific evaluation. A complete set of bionics recognition mode was adopted. The digital odor signal of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis were obtained by e-nose, and analyzed by back propagation(BP) neural network algorithm, with the accuracy, the sensitivity and specificity in discriminant model, correlation coefficient as well as the mean square error in regression model as the evaluation indexes. The experimental results showed that the three indexes of the e-nose signal discrimination model established by the neural network algorithm were 100% in training set, correction set and prediction set, which were obviously better than the traditional decision tree, naive bayes, support vector machine, K nearest neighbor and boost classification, and could accurately differentiate the raw and vinegar products. Correlation coefficient and mean square error of the regression model in prediction set were 0.974 8 and 0.117 5 respectively, and could well predict curcumin compounds content in Curcuma kwangsiensis, and demonstrate the superiority of the simulation biometrics model in the analysis of traditional Chinese medicine. By BP neural network algorithm, e-nose odor fingerprint could quickly, conveniently and accurately realize the discrimination and regression, which suggested that more bionics information acquisition and identification patterns could be combined in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, so as to provide ideas and methods for the rapid evaluation and stan-dardization of the quality of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nariz Eletrônico , Ácido Acético , Teorema de Bayes , Curcuma , Redes Neurais de Computação , Rizoma
14.
Talanta ; 220: 121368, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928397

RESUMO

A new method for fishing antitumor ingredients by G-quadruplex recognition from Macleaya cordata seeds extracts was established using a three-phase-laminar-flow-chip (TPL chip). The TPL chip integrated the separation of drugs from the complex ingredients and organic solvent extraction, simplifying pretreatment processes and reducing reagents and time. In addition, the chip method showed a lower false negative result, owing to the gentle membrane-free filtration process based on diffusion separation in microchannel. Four ligands with high content in alkaloids of Macleaya cordata seeds were selected, those are chelerythrine (CHE), sanguinarine (SAN), protopine (PRO), and allocryptopine (ALL), which demonstrated affinity with G-quadruplex and were potential for antitumor.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Quadruplex G , Microfluídica , Papaveraceae , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Extratos Vegetais
15.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 34(12): e4963, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789887

RESUMO

Raw Moutan Cortex (RMC) and Processed Moutan Cortex (PMC) have a long history of use in China and other Asian countries. In this study, a rapid and accurate ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detector (UHPLC-DAD) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of nine absorbed compounds of RMC/PMC. After extraction by protein precipitation with methanol from plasma, the analytes were separated on an Acquity UPLC® BEH Shield RP18 column (2.1 × 100 mm, 1.7 µm, Waters, USA). Acetonitrile (A) and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid in water (B) were selected as the mobile phase to perform gradient elution. The linearity of nine analytes was >0.9915. The intra- and inter-assay precision (RSD) values were within 11.18%, and accuracy ranged from 91.32 to 101.29%. Suitable stability, matrix effect and extraction recoveries were also obtained. The validated method was applied to compare the pharmacokinetics of RMC and PMC in Blood-Heat and Hemorrhage Syndrome Model and normal rats. The results revealed that processing and the pathological state could influence the pharmacokinetic characteristics of compounds in RMC/PMC. The study willbe useful for further studies on pharmacokinetics and clinical application of raw and processed Moutan Cortex.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemorragia/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Paeonia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Benzoatos/sangue , Benzoatos/farmacocinética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Glucosídeos/sangue , Glucosídeos/farmacocinética , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Terpenos/sangue , Terpenos/farmacocinética
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461391, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823097

RESUMO

In this study, a three-phase laminar flow microfluidic chip (TPL chip) combined with HPLC was developed for monitoring free and total concentrations of paclitaxel (PTX) in blood simultaneously. A diluted whole blood sample (aqueous phase) was introduced into the chip, ethyl acetate (organic phase) was introduced into the chip for extraction, and an interphase was used to prevent the blood sample from coming into direct contact with the organic phase. Because only free drug can quantitatively diffuse into the organic extraction phase and the free drug fraction has a linear relationship with the dilution factor of blood, both the free and total drug concentrations can be obtained by detecting the concentration of paclitaxel in the organic extraction phase. The governing factor such as flow rate for extraction was optimized. Docetaxel was used as an internal standard. The reliability of the quantitative diffusion of molecules in the TPL chip was proved by the methodological investigation of PTX in PBS sample, which showed a good linearity in the concentration range of 0.5 - 100 µg/mL and a detection limit of 7 ng/mL. Good repeatibilities for retention time (RSD of PTX is 1.23%, docetaxel is 1.14%, n = 5) and peak area ratio of PTX to docetaxel (RSD is 4.38%) were obtained. For blood sample analysis, only 100 µL of sample was needed and whole pretreatment was finished in 35 min, and a recovery of 94~117% were obtained. The provided method showed advantages in fast analysis speed, minimum sample handing, and potential ability of automation, and integration.


Assuntos
Microfluídica/métodos , Paclitaxel/sangue , Reologia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2464-2472, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495607

RESUMO

Colla Corii Asini(Ejiao)is an important Chinese medicine used in China for thousands of years, and is well known for its famous tonic properties. The herbalogical study was detailed carried out based on the naming, habitat, harvesting, processing, medicinal properties and clinical efficacy. The results showed that the name of Ejiao could be traced back to Shennong's Materia Medica, and various names of Lvpi Jiao, Penfu Jiao and Fuzhi Jiao were recorded in other ancient books. In the many intervening centuries, the main materials of Ejiao had been replaced from cow leather before Tang Dynasty to donkey skin in the middle to late Tang Dynasty. This phenomenon could be probably caused by complicated social factors of various periods and different efficacy of Ejiao made by all kinds of raw materials. Ejiao was merely processed with the simple methods before Tang Dynasty, which subsequently improved avariety of methods to enhance the supplementation action. Most importantly, Ejiao has a wide clinic application along with the development of processing theories and methods, which can be found in various Classics, especially in imperial medical case record in Qing Dynasty.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Animais , Bovinos , China , Feminino , Gelatina , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
18.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 188: 113387, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531683

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to establish a robust and rapid method for identification of the changes of Curcumae Rhizoma (CR) in its physical properties and the components after processing. Color and odor used as the indexes for physical property evaluation in this study were quantified by non-targeted bionic detectors colorimeter and e-nose according to Chinese pharmacopoeia, and all chemical changes of the samples were observed by NIR. The technique of mid-level data fusion was adopted to simulate the recognition mode of human, and the prediction accuracy was 100%. A modified NIR band extraction method was used for feature selection after removing the redundant data which otherwise may compromise the accuracy of analysis, with a result showing bisdemethoxycurcumin and curcumol as the key factors most correlated with the changes during processing. The fused matrix was analyzed to evaluate the weight of different sensors and precisely describe the external changes of the samples, followed by a pairwise correlation analysis to investigate the role of colorimeter, e-nose and NIR in identifying the changes caused by processing as well as their correlation with each other. The results of data fusion revealed that aromatic derivatives produced during processing were closely associated with the changes in external characteristics, i.e., color and smell of the samples, while the changes in proteins did not cause significant differences. Correlation analysis demonstrated that bionic sensors could be classified into two groups: a*, WW and WS sensors, which were related to NIR band at about 6500-6700 cm-1 formed by NH vibration of amide and protein degradation, were sensitive to the processed CR; while L*, b* and WC sensors were found to be correlated to NIR band around 8000 cm-1 which was caused by first overtone of C-H combination of aromatic derivatives, thus could be employed as the detectors for raw CR.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Nariz Eletrônico , Curcuma , Humanos , Odorantes , Rizoma
19.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-20026245

RESUMO

BackgroundSuper-spreading events were associated with the outbreaks of SARS and MERS, but their association with the outbreak of COVID-19 remains unknown. Here, we report a super-spreading transmission chain of SARS-CoV-2 involving an index patient, seven cancer patients, 40 health care workers and four family members. MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study to identify the index patient and the exposed individuals linked to a chain of transmission associated with COVID-19. We collected and analyzed the data on demographic features, exposure history, clinical presentation, laboratory investigation, radiological examination, and disease outcome of these patients. ResultsWe identified the index patient and another presumptive "super-spreader", who initiated and amplified a super-spreading transmission chain associated with COVID-19, respectively. There were 31 female and 21 male patients in this cohort, and the median age was 37 years (range: 22-79 years). Each of them had an exposure history with the index patient or his close contacts. Approximately 87% (45/52) of the patients had fever or other symptoms, 96% (50/52) had abnormal chest CT-scan findings, 86% of the tested patients (39/45) were positive for SARS-CoV-2 in the nasopharyngeal or throat swab specimen, 85% of the tested patients (29/34) were positive for SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and/or IgG, 15% of the RT-PCR positive patients were tested negative for the specific IgM and/or IgG at the convalescent phase, and 15% of the RT-PCR negative patients were tested positive for the specific IgM and/or IgG. The severe patients experienced a significant decrease in oximetry saturation, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, along with a significant increase in C-reactive protein, D-dimer, and lactate dehydrogenase. All six fatal cases had comorbidities and five of the seven cancer patients (71%) died within 2-20 days of the disease onset. ConclusionsThe super-spreading events were associated with the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan and its impact on disease transmission warrants further investigation. Cancer patients appeared highly vulnerable to COVID-19. The finding that a significant portion of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients were tested negative for the serum specific IgM and IgG at the convalescent phase should be addressed by additional studies.

20.
Nat Plants ; 6(2): 143-153, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055051

RESUMO

The spatiotemporal regulation of Ca2+ channels at the plasma membrane in response to extracellular signals is critical for development, stress response and reproduction, but is poorly understood. During flowering-plant reproduction, pollen tubes grow directionally to the ovule, which is guided by ovule-derived signals and dependent on Ca2+ dynamics. However, it is unknown how ovular signals are integrated with cytosolic Ca2+ dynamics in the pollen tube. Here, we show that MILDEW RESISTANCE LOCUS O 5 (MLO5), MLO9 and MLO15 are required for pollen tube responses to ovular signals in Arabidopsis thaliana. Phenotypically distinct from the ovule-bypass phenotype of previously identified mutants, mlo5 mlo9 double-mutant and mlo5 mlo9 mlo15 triple-mutant pollen tubes twist and pile up after sensing the ovular cues. Molecular studies reveal that MLO5 and MLO9 selectively recruit Ca2+ channel CNGC18-containing vesicles to the plasma membrane through the R-SNARE proteins VAMP721 and VAMP722 in trans mode. This study identifies members of the conserved seven transmembrane MLO family (expressed in the pollen tube) as tethering factors for Ca2+ channels, reveals a novel mechanism of molecular integration of extracellular ovular cues and selective exocytosis, and sheds light on the general regulation of MLO proteins in cell responses to environmental stimuli.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Canais de Cálcio/genética , Exocitose/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Canais de Cálcio/metabolismo , Óvulo Vegetal/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais
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