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2.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 82: 106295, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087496

RESUMO

PD-1 inhibitors have been used to revive exhausted T cell responses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other malignancies. CXCR5+ T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are characterized by constitutive high PD-1 expression and have been associated with the formation of tertiary lymphoid structures and implicated in antitumor immunity. In this study, we investigated the effect of PD-1 and PD-1 inhibition on CXCR5+ CD4 T cells. Data showed that CXCR5+ CD4 T cells in both healthy subjects and NSCLC patients presented markedly higher PD-1 expression than CXCR5- CD4 T cells. Both CXCR5- and CXCR5+ CD4 T cells from NSCLC patients presented higher PD-1 expression than their counterparts in healthy subjects. PD-1+ CXCR5+ CD4 T cells were functional, could express IL-21, IL-10, and CXCL13 upon stimulation, demonstrated auxiliary effects toward CD8 T cell-mediated IFN-γ production and proliferation, and promoted IgM and IgG production. However, the potency of PD-1+ CXCR5+ CD4 T cells was lower than the potency of PD-1- CXCR5+ CD4 T cells. PD-1 blocking could significantly enhance the effector functions of PD-1+ CXCR5+ CD4 T cells. Overall, this study demonstrated that PD-1+ CXCR5+ CD4 T cells could promote CD8 T cell and B cell inflammation and could be modulated by PD-1 inhibition.

3.
Cell Host Microbe ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035028

RESUMO

An in-depth annotation of the newly discovered coronavirus (2019-nCoV) genome has revealed differences between 2019-nCoV and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or SARS-like coronaviruses. A systematic comparison identified 380 amino acid substitutions between these coronaviruses, which may have caused functional and pathogenic divergence of 2019-nCoV.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 755, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937897

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

5.
Environ Int ; 135: 105306, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881428

RESUMO

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are recognized as one emerging group of environmental contaminants, capturing worldwide attention. These chemicals, closely connected to anthropogenic activities, are mainly transported through aquatic environments and reach coastal areas, eventually entering ocean offshore. Thus, this study concentrated on the 30 PPCPs in coastal waters of the Yellow and Bohai seas (77 sites), a fast-growing area with intensive anthropogenic activities. In general, the total concentrations of PPCPs in Chinese coastal waters (0.880-1194 ng L-1) greatly varied and were relatively greater than those (9.91-442 ng L-1) in Korean coastal waters. Sulfamethoxazole, sulfamethazine, oxytetracycline, ofloxacin, roxithromycin, anhydro-erythromycin, and caffeine were the seven predominant PPCPs in the coastal waters of study area. Further, we established the Predicted PPCPs Contamination Indicator (PPCI) to address potential anthropogenic activities being associated with site-specific PPCPs contamination. Three anthropogenic factors to PPCPs contamination were proven as the most influential, including (1) quantity of wastewater discharge, (2) gross product of meat, poultry, eggs and milk, and (3) gross aquatic product. The relatively high PPCI values appeared in Tianjin, Dalian, Tangshan, Yantai, and Qingdao in China and Gyeonggi and Jeonbuk in South Korea, which exhibited fairly good consistency with the corresponding PPCPs concentrations. A mini-review of the global PPCPs distributions revealed that seven priority PPCPs found in this study distributed widely in Asia rather than Europe, North America, and Australia. In general, global PPCPs contamination also reflected site- and region-specific distributions, suggesting varying usages and sources cross the region and/or country. Finally, the risk assessment suggested that ofloxacin and anhydro-erythromycin, with 36.4% and 23.4% sites higher than medium risks respectively, posed relatively high risks to sensitive algal species, Microcystis aeruginosa and Selenastrum capricornutum. Overall, the ecological risks of exposure of PPCPs in the Yellow and Bohai seas were higher compared to other regions of the world, thus the bilateral management of PPCPs between China and South Korea needs an immediate attention.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5473, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784564

RESUMO

Although the physical effects of air pollution on humans are well documented, there may be even greater impacts on the emotional state and health. Surveys have traditionally been used to explore the impact of air pollution on people's subjective well-being (SWB). However, the survey techniques usually take long periods to properly match the air pollution characteristics from monitoring stations to each respondent's SWB at both disaggregated spatial and temporal levels. Here, we used air pollution data to simulate fixed-scene images and psychophysical process to examine the impact from only air pollution on SWB. Findings suggest that under the atmospheric conditions in Beijing, negative emotions occur when PM2.5 (particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 µm) increases to approximately 150 AQI (air quality index). The British observers have a stronger negative response under severe air pollution compared with Chinese observers. People from different social groups appear to have different sensitivities to SWB when air quality index exceeds approximately 200 AQI.

7.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799179

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a typical hypervascular solid tumor that requires neoangiogenesis for growth. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most potent proangiogenic factor in neovascularization. The multifunctional Yin-Yang 1 (YY1) is involved in the regulation of tumor malignancy of HCC. However, the relationship between YY1 and endothelial cell-dependent tumor angiogenesis in HCC remains unclear. In this study, we observed that YY1 is positively correlated with microvessel density (MVD) and poor prognosis in HCC tissues. We further found that YY1 promotes the transcriptional activity of VEGFA by binding its promoter in HCC. The secreted VEGFA from HCC cells activates phosphorylation of VEGFR2 to promotes tube formation, cell migration, and invasion of vascular endothelial cells in vitro, and promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo. In addition, upregulation of YY1 enhanced resistance of bevacizumab in HCC cells. These results indicate that YY1 plays essential roles in HCC angiogenesis and resistance of bevacizumab by inducing VEGFA transcription and that YY1 may represent a potential molecular target for antiangiogenic therapy during HCC progression.

8.
Chemosphere ; 244: 125509, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812770

RESUMO

Anaerobically digested waste sludge contains very high concentrations of ammonium and phosphate that are difficult to be purified using traditional processes. Mixotrophic culture of microalgae is a potential way to achieve ammonium and phosphate removal, while harvesting considerable biomass for biodiesel production. In this study, four typical volatile organic acids that could be potentially produced from sludge fermentation were tested for algal mixotrophic culture in anaerobically digested waste sludge. The results showed that the addition of propionate and isovaleric acid had no significant improvement on biomass production, and even inhibited algal growth at low concentration. Fortunately, the addition of acetic and n-butyric acid (initial C/N = 10) increased biomass production by1.9-2.4 times compared to the blank culture. Higher biomass production increased ammonium and orthophosphate removal to 88.3-97.1% and 80.4-93.0%, respectively. Moreover, the optimal addition of volatile organic acids enhanced lipids production by 3.9-6.3 times, while achieving higher saturation degree in biodiesels. The results suggest that adding these optimal volatile organic acids is suitable to enhance nutrients recycling and algal biodiesel production from anaerobically digested waste sludge.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(6): 2869-2876, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854681

RESUMO

With the rapid urbanization in China, soil environments are facing high risks. Taking a typical urbanized area as a case study, a total of 106 surface soil samples (0-20 cm) and 96 subsurface soil samples (20-40 cm) were collected to determine the concentrations of heavy metals, and then, the Nemerow index and Hankson index methods were used to evaluate their degrees of ecological risk. The spatial distributions of ecological risks were also explored. Experimental results showed that the concentrations of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Pb, and Hg in surface soil samples were 2.87-84.64, 1.40-56.00, 2.75-125.05, 15.05-201.39, 1.46-89.92, 0.001-0.92, 15.29-160.07, and 0.006-0.52 mg·kg-1, respectively, and those in subsurface soil samples were 3.56-75.14, 1.65-71.58, 3.28-290.04, 17.99-296.94, 3.07-65.67, 0.02-1.00, 11.10-97.59, and 0.01-0.41 mg·kg-1, respectively. According to the risk control standards for soil contamination of agricultural land, approximately 71.70%, 40.57%, 4.72%, 3.77%, and 0.94% of Cd, Cu, Pb, As, and Zn, respectively, in the surface soil samples exceeded the standards, while 72.92%, 39.58%, 6.25%, 3.13%, 3.13%, and 1.04% of Cd, Cu, As, Zn, Pb, and Ni, respectively, in the subsurface soil samples exceeded the standards. Obviously, the pollution by Cd and Cu was the most severe in the research area, and the main contaminated areas were distributed in the northern part of the land. The soil environmental quality pollution assessment illustrated that high risk areas were distributed in the northern part of the research area too. The risk assessment results indicated that the main pollution factor was Cd, which is accordance with the serious pollution findings for Cd. In response to these results, effective management and remediation methods should be taken to control the soil environment pollution in this typical urbanized area.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(10): 4319-4329, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854798

RESUMO

To investigate the diurnal variations and sources of water-soluble compounds in Liaocheng City, PM2.5 samples were collected between January and February 2017. The PM2.5 samples were analyzed for the compositions, concentrations, and sources of water-soluble inorganic ions, oxalic acid, and levoglucosan. The sources of these chemical compound were investigated using principal component analysis (PCA) and multiple linear regression (MLR) modeling. The results showed that the mass concentrations of PM2.5during the nighttime were higher than those during the daytime, and the average concentrations exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB 3095-2012) by more than 1.8 times. Moreover, atmospheric pollution was worse during the day than during the night. SNA (SO42-, NO3-, and NH4+) were the dominant species among the inorganic ions, the relative abundance of which with respect to the total concentrations of inorganic ions was 73.4% and 77.1% during the daytime and nighttime, respectively. The ratios of anion to cation equivalents (AE/CE) were less than one, suggesting that the PM2.5 was slightly alkaline, and the degree of acidity at night was stronger than during the day. The results of the correlation analyses suggested that aqueous-phase oxidation was the major formation pathway of oxalic acid, which is driven by acid-catalyzed oxidation. The oxalic acid was mainly influenced by biomass burning during the winter in Liaocheng City. The results of the PCA-MLR model suggested that water-soluble compounds in Liaocheng City were mostly from vehicular emissions and secondary oxidation, biomass burning, while the impacts of mineral dust and coal burning were relatively minor.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842335

RESUMO

In recent years, hypersensitivity reactions to the Shuanghuanglian injection have attracted broad attention. However, the componential chief culprits inducing the reactions and the underlying mechanisms involved have not been completely defined. In this study, we used a combination of approaches based on the mouse model, human umbilical vein endothelial cell monolayer, real-time cellular monitoring, immunoblot analysis, pharmacological inhibition, and molecular docking. We demonstrated that forsythoside A and forsythoside B contributed to Shuanghuanglian injection-induced pseudoallergic reactions through activation of the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Forsythoside A and forsythoside B could trigger dose-dependent vascular leakage in mice. Moreover, forsythoside A and forsythoside B slightly elicited mast cell degranulation. Correspondingly, treatment with forsythoside A and forsythoside B disrupted the endothelial barrier and augmented the expression of GTP-RhoA, p-MYPT1, and p-MLC2 in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, the ROCK inhibitor effectively alleviated forsythoside A/forsythoside B-induced hyperpermeability in both the endothelial cells and mice. Similar responses were not observed in the forsythoside E-treated animals and cells. These differences may be related to the potential of the tested compounds to react with RhoA-GTPγS and form stable interactions. This study innovatively revealed that some forsythosides may cause vascular leakage, and therefore, limiting their contents in injections should be considered.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(9): 3875-3885, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854849

RESUMO

To investigate the mass concentrations, sources, and health effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in ambient particulate matter (PM) in Liaocheng City during winter, 14 types of PAHs in PM2.5 were determined from January to February of 2017. The sources of the PAHs were analyzed by using diagnostics ratios and the principal component analysis (PCA)-multiple linear regression (MLR) model,and the health risk of PAHs was assessed by BaP equivalent concentrations (BaPeq) and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR). The results showed that the mass concentrations of PAHs in PM2.5 during winter were (64.89±48.23) ng·m-3, Fla, Pyr, and Chry were predominant species, accounting for 15.5%, 12.8%, and 12.7% of the total concentrations of PAHs, respectively. Moreover, the ring distribution of the PAHs was dominated by four-ring PAHs. The pollution during the pre-Spring Festival and firework Ⅱwere the most severe during the sampling period. The results of the PCA-MLR model suggested that PAHs originated mostly from coal burning, biomass burning, and vehicle emissions. The toxicity exposure index (TEQ) in Liaocheng City during winter was (6.37±4.92) ng·m-3. The results of the risk model revealed that the ILCR of adults was higher than that of children, and both groups of ILCR for winter were in the range of the risk threshold. This suggests that a potential risk in terms of inhalation PAH exposure for residents in Liaocheng City.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Saúde Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Medição de Risco , Adulto , Criança , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado , Estações do Ano
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772561

RESUMO

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD) is a "Fangji" made up of well-designed Chinese herb array and widely used to treat ischemic stroke. Here we aimed to investigate pharmacological mechanism by introducing an inter-module analysis to identify an overarching view of target profile and action mode of HLJDD. Stroke-related genes were obtained from OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). And the potential target proteins of HLJDD were identified according to TCMsp (Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform). The two sets of molecules related to stroke and HLJDD were respectively imported into STRING database to construct the stroke network and HLJDD network, which were dissected into modules through MCODE, respectively. We analyzed the inter-module connectivity by quantify "coupling score" (CS) between HLJDD-modules (H-modules) and stroke-modules (S-module) to explore the pharmacological acting pattern of HLJDD on stroke. A total of 267 stroke-related proteins and 15 S-modules, 335 HLJDD putative targeting proteins, and 13 H-modules were identified, respectively. HLJDD directly targeted 28 proteins in stroke network, majority (16, 57.14%) of which were in S-modules 1 and 4. According to the modular map based on inter-module CS analysis, H-modules 1, 2, and 8 densely connected with S-modules 1, 3, and 4 to constitute a module-to-module bridgeness, and the enriched pathways of this bridgeness with top significance were TNF signaling pathway, HIF signaling pathway, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Furthermore, through this bridgeness, H-modules 2 and 4 cooperatively work together to regulate mitochondrial apoptosis against the ischemia injury. Finally, the core protein in H-module 4 account for mitochondrial apoptosis was validated by an in vivo experiment. This study has developed an integrative approach by inter-modular analysis for elucidating the "shotgun-like" pharmacological mechanism of HLJDD for stroke.

14.
Biosci Rep ; 39(12)2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755894

RESUMO

Glioma is one of the most common types of primary brain tumors. Ivermectin (IVM), a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug, has been identified as a novel anticancer agent due to its inhibitory effects on the proliferation of glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the ability of IVM to induce autophagy and its role in glioma cell death remains unclear. The main objective of the present study was to explore autophagy induced by IVM in glioma U251 and C6 cells, and the deep underlying molecular mechanisms. In addition, we examined the effects of autophagy on apoptosis in glioma cells. In the present study, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunofluorescence, Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate autophagy activated by IVM. Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assay. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). Meanwhile, autophagy inhibition was achieved by using chloroquine (CQ). U251-derived xenografts were established for examination of IVM-induced autophagy on glioma in vivo. Taken together, the results of the present study showed that autophagy induced by IVM has a protective effect on cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, IVM induced autophagy through AKT/mTOR signaling and induced energy impairment. Our findings show that IVM is a promising anticancer agent and may be a potential effective treatment for glioma cancers.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16281, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700111

RESUMO

Peanut yield is severely affected by exchangeable calcium ion (Ca2+) deficiency in the soil. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis increases the absorption of Ca2+ for host plants. Here, we analyzed the physiological and transcriptional changes in the roots of Arachis hypogaea L. colonized by Funneliformis mosseae under Ca2+-deficient and -sufficient conditions. The results showed that exogenous Ca2+ application increased arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization, plant dry weight, and Ca content of AM plants. Simultaneously, transcriptome analysis showed that Ca2+ application further induced 74.5% of differentially expressed gene transcripts in roots of AM peanut seedlings. These genes are involved in AM symbiosis development, hormone biosynthesis and signal transduction, and carotenoid and flavonoid biosynthesis. The transcripts of AM-specific marker genes in AM plants with Ca2+ deprivation were further up-regulated by Ca2+ application. Gibberellic acid (GA3) and flavonoid contents were higher in roots of AM- and Ca2+-treated plants, but salicylic acid (SA) and carotenoid contents specifically increased in roots of the AM plants. Thus, these results suggest that the synergy of AM symbiosis and Ca2+ improves plant growth due to the shared GA- and flavonoid-mediated pathway, whereas SA and carotenoid biosynthesis in peanut roots are specific to AM symbiosis.

16.
iScience ; 21: 549-561, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715498

RESUMO

Multi-targeted kinase inhibitors, such as sorafenib, have been used in various malignancies, but their efficacy in clinical applications varies among individuals and lacks pretherapeutic prediction measures. We applied the concept of "click chemistry" to pathological staining and established a drug-loaded probe staining assay. We stained the cells and different types of pathological sections and demonstrated that the assay was reliable. We further verified in cells, cell-derived xenograft model, and clinical level that the staining intensity of the probe could reflect drug sensitivity. The stained samples from 300 patients who suffered from hepatocellular carcinoma and used the sorafenib probe also indicated that staining intensity was closely related to clinical information and could be used as an independent marker without undergoing sorafenib therapy for prognosis. This assay provided new ideas for multi-target drug clinical trials, pre-medication prediction, and pathological research.

17.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 5543-5548, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612062

RESUMO

The present study was designed to investigate the association between a change in vaginal local immunity and human papilloma virus (HPV) infection outcome in patients with cervical lesions, through the study of the expression of vaginal local immune factors, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-10, secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and IgG, in patients with different grades of cervical lesions and different degrees of cervical lesions caused by HPV infection prior to and following treatment. The experimental group comprised 136 patients with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, 236 patients with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 133 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, while the control group comprised 100 time- and location-matched healthy women. The concentrations of sIgA, IgG, IL-2 and IL-10 in the vaginal lavage fluid, were detected using ELISA prior to treatment and at 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment. Prior to treatment, differences in HPV infection rate and changes in vaginal immune factors between patients with all grades of lesions and controls were statistically significant (P<0.05). Furthermore, IL-2 and IL-10 expression levels and the IL-2/IL-10 ratio in patients with different grades of lesions, with or without seroconversion, were significantly different to those in controls (P<0.05). However, the differences between changes in IgG and sIgA expression between patients with HPV seroconversion and patients with persistent HPV infection were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The results of the present study suggest that the restoration of humoral immune function promotes HPV seroconversion, and that IL-2 and IL-10 levels and their ratio may reflect the severity of cervical lesions and treatment effects to a certain extent.

18.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614865

RESUMO

This study identified a transcription factor that might bind to the 5' regulatory region of the HTR1A and explored the potential effect on 5-HT1A receptor expression. Based on JASPAR predictions, the binding of the transcription factor was demonstrated using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Vectors over-expressing the transcription factor were co-transfected into HEK-293 and SK-N-SH cells with the recombinant pGL3 vector, and relative fluorescence intensity was measured to determine regulatory activity. Additionally, the qRT-PCR and Western blot were also used to identify whether the transcription factor modulated the endogenous expression of 5-HT1A receptor. The results suggest that the transcription factor CCAA/T enhancer binding protein beta (CEBPB) likely binds to the -1219 to -1209 bp (ATG+1) region of the HTR1A. Two sequences located in the -722 to -372 bp and -119 to +99 bp were also identified. Although the effect of CEBPB on endogenous 5-HT1A receptor expression was not significant, it exhibited the strong inhibition on the relative fluorescence intensity and the mRNA level of HTR1A. CEBPB inhibited the human HTR1A expression by binding to the sequence -1219 - -1209 bp. This is useful and informative for ascertaining the regulation of 5-HT1A receptor and mental diseases.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 120: 109489, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629950

RESUMO

Depression is a complicated etiological pattern, and its pathology and effective treatments are highly limited.C1q-tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3 (CTRP3) is an adipokine, playing crucial roles in metabolic regulatory properties. However, the effects of CTRP3 on depression are largely unknown. In the present study, we found that CTRP3 expression levels were markedly reduced in hippocampus of mice with depression induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). In mouse model with depression, CTRP3-deficient mice aggravated depression-associated behaviors, as evidenced by the reduced locomotor activity and sucrose consumption, while the elevated immobility time in the tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST). Moreover, CUMS-induced neuron death and increased expression of cleaved Caspase-3 were significantly accelerated by CTRP3 knockout. Furthermore, CTRP3 deletion intensified pro-inflammatory response in CUMS-exposed mice, which was associated with the activation of nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling. The activity of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including p38 and JNK, was further promoted in hippocampus of CTRP3-knockout mice with CUMS exposure. In contrast,CTRP3 over-expression showed anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated microglial cells. Importantly, the in vitro experiments demonstrated that CTRP3 knockdown-exacerbated apoptosis and inflammatory responsewere remarkably abrogated by the blockage of p38 and JNK signaling pathways in microglia stimulated by LPS. Next, in CUMS-exposed mice with CTRP3 deficiency, suppressing p38 and JNK markedly alleviated depressive-like behavior,hippocampal neuron death, apoptosis and inflammation. Therefore, CTRP3 may be an innovative therapeutic target for treating patients with depression through regulating p38 and JNK signaling.

20.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt B): 105224, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665680

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have raised great attention, particularly in regions of rapid urbanization. Zhangjiakou and Beijing will jointly host the Winter Olympic Games in 2022, which will likely increase local PFASs pollution and their associated risks over the coming period. In this study, we identified ecological process of PFASs, including sources, environmental fate, and risks, from the Yongding Watershed to the Guanting Reservoir. The concentrations of total 12 PFASs in water of the Guanting Reservoir were higher than that from the Yongding Watershed, with mean of 48.9 and 33.7 ng/L, respectively. The concentrations of PFASs in sediment of the Yongding Watershed and the Guanting Reservoir were similar, with mean of 1.01 and 0.827 ng/g dry weight, respectively. Detected levels of PFASs in the Guanting Reservoir significantly increased during the past eight years, possibly due to an improving economy and a rapidly developed service industry. Moderate PFASs levels in fish of the Guanting Reservoir were detected relative to other lakes and reservoirs. The daily intake of PFASs via fish and water ranged from 4.96 to 15.0 ng/kg bw/day, with higher levels found in children relative to adults. In total, approximately 9.06 kg of PFASs from riverine flow and atmospheric deposition annually entered the Guanting Reservoir. PFASs from the Yongding River significantly contributed to the pollution of Guanting Reservoir, with predominance of perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) in water, and long-chain perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in sediment in both the Yongding Watershed and the Guanting Reservoir. Most of the PFASs (23.5 kg) were stored in water of the Guanting Reservoir, while the annual storage of PFASs in sediment and fish was only 4.68 × 10-2 kg and 4.36 × 10-2 kg via deposition and accumulation, respectively. The results suggest that water quality management of the Yongding Watershed is necessary for effective control on PFASs pollution in the Guanting Reservoir.

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